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Gilmer Maps Collection

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About Jeremy Francis Gilmer

Jeremy Francis Gilmer was a United States Army Engineer, 1839-1861, and Confederate Chief of Engineers. Born in Guilford County, N.C., on 23 February 1818, he entered the U.S. Army as a Second Lieutenant of Engineers in July 1839 after graduating from the United States Military Academy. He constructed fortifications and conducted surveys until 1861, when he resigned in support of the southern cause. In September 1861, Gilmer was appointed Major of Engineers in the Confederate States of America Army and served as Chief Engineer of the staff of General A. S. Johnston until the general's death at the battle of Shiloh on 6 April 1862, where Gilmer was also severely wounded. In August 1862, he was assigned to the Office of Chief of Engineer Bureau in Richmond, Va., and promoted to the rank of Colonel of Engineers. In August 1863, he was promoted to Major General and ordered to Charleston, S.C., to direct the defense of the city. He returned to Richmond in June 1864, where he directed the Engineer Bureau until the end of the War. After the war, he was a director of the Georgia Central Railroad and president of the Savannah Gas-Light. He died on 1 December 1883.

About the Gilmer Civil War Maps

The Gilmer maps are an extensive group of Civil War maps, including both manuscript maps and printed maps with manuscript annotations and engineers' drawings of military construction, housed in the Manuscripts Department of The Wilson Library. This site currently includes 161 maps representative of the entire southern region, with particularly large groupings of North Carolina and Virginia maps. Most of the maps are dated 1861-1865. The Gilmer maps available on this site are part of a larger collection of materials called the Jeremy Gilmer Papers, which contains army papers, 1851-1859, about the construction of fortifications on the Georgia and Florida coast; Gilmer's diary, 1841-1842, at Fort Schuyler, N.Y.; a Confederate order book, 1863-1864, from the Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina military district; letters from Gilmer to his wife and family; a few additional maps; and other items. An inventory of this collection is available at the Manuscripts Department's website.