APA print sources
Presented below are examples of citations as they may appear in a works-cited page. The examples are meant to be illustrative and do not encompass every possible situation. If you have questions about citing particular types of sources or dealing with particular situations, you should consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association or contact a reference librarian.
Note that titles of periodicals (newspapers, journals, magazines) are capitalized as they normally are; book titles and article titles have only the first word of the title (and of any subtitles), as well as proper nouns, capitalized. Use single spaces between all words/items within each citation.
Book (view detail)
Kurlansky, M. (2002). Salt: A world history. New York, NY: Walker.
Edited Book (view detail)
Scholnick, E. K. (Ed.). (1999). Conceptual development: Piaget's legacy. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Chapter from an Edited Book (view detail)
Denmark, F. L. (1999). Enhancing the development of adolescent girls. In N. G. Johnson & M. C. Roberts (Eds.), Beyond appearance: A new look at adolescent girls (pp. 377-404). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Press.
Translation (Book) (view detail)
Freud, S. (1950). Beyond the pleasure principle (J. Strachey, Trans.). New York, NY: Liveright. (Original work published 1920).
Note: In-text citation would appear as: (Freud, 1920/1950)
Article from a Scholarly Journal
Note: Volume number is italicized. Include issue number in parentheses immediately after volume number (no space between volume number and open parens) only if issues are not continuously paginated.
Fechner, P. Y. (2002). Gender differences in puberty. Journal of Adolescent Health, 4, 44-48.
Article from a Newspaper (view detail)
Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, pp. A1, A4.
Newspaper Article with No Author Given (view detail)
Gene therapy to be tried. (2002, October 11). The News & Observer, p. 9A.
Article from a Magazine (view detail)
Posner, M. I. (1993, October 29). Seeing the mind. Science, 262, 673-674.
Proceedings of Meetings and Symposia Published Regularly Online (view detail)
Franklin, M. L. (1991). A motivational approach to exercise. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 73, 21-28.
Images From A Book (view detail)
Delaroche, Paul (1829) Portrait of a Woman, [Pastel Drawing]. From European Drawings from the Collection of the Ackland Art Museum (p. 93) by Carol C. Gillham and Carolyn H. Wood, 2001, Chapel Hill: The Museum, University of North Carolina.