How to Cite
You may decide to use a quotation if:
- The author’s language is noteworthy
- You intend to analyze the passage quoted in great detail; or
- Summarizing or paraphrasing the passage would result in a misinterpretation or misrepresentation of the author’s meaning or words.
How to insert quotes
Using Howard Pyle's Book of Pirates: Fiction, Fact & Fancy Concerning the Buccaneers & Marooners of the Spanish Main, here are some examples taken from of ways to insert a quotation into your work (these examples use MLA citation style):
- You can quote a single word or phrase.
Example: The island of Tortuga de Mar, "a queer little hunch of an island," lies to the northwest of the island of Hispaniola (Pyle 3).
- You can quote a longer phrase.
Example: The island of Tortuga de Mar, "a queer little hunch of an island, known, because of a distant resemblance to that animal" the sea turtle, lies to the northwest of the island of Hispaniola (Pyle 3).
- You can quote an entire sentence or groups of sentences. [Note that in the example below, quotation marks are not required for block quotes, and the ending punctuation appears before the parenthetical citation. For an example of this, see the MLA section of the Libraries' Citing Information Tutorial.]
Example: Pyle's detailed description of Levi belies a more intense interest in the character, who will ultimately be revealed to be Bluebeard, the fearsome pirate:
There was an odd sort of incongruity in Levi's dress; a pair of heavy gold earrings and a dirty red handkerchief knotted loosely around his neck, beneath an open collar, diplaying to its full length the lean, sinewy throat with its bony 'Adam's apple,' gave to his costume somewhat the smack of a sailor. He wore a coat that had once been of a fine plum color—now stained and faded—too small for his lean length, and furbished with tarnished lace. Dirty cambric cuffs hung at his wrists and on his fingers were half a dozen and more rings, set with stones that shone, and glistened, and twinkled in the light of the fire. (Pyle 160)