UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA AT CHAPEL HILL
ANNUAL REPORT, 1998-1999
FY1998-99 saw the successful completion of the Library's project to document the life and career of the late Charles Kuralt. We processed, preserved, and made accessible the over 300 boxes of documents, photographs, memorabilia, audio recordings, and videotapes donated by Mrs. Kuralt. The Library celebrated this accomplishment with a lecture and reception on 25 February 1999.
In March we received an award of $91,425 from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) to process and make accessible over 680,000 items (758 linear feet) of materials documenting African American life and culture in North Carolina. This project, which will run from July 1999 to June 2001, includes processing all of the archival collections transferred from North Carolina Central University to the Department last year.
The Department continues to built upon its collections to provide faculty, students, and researchers from around the globe with unique materials documenting Southern life and culture. By the end of the fiscal year (30 June 1999), the size of the Department had grown to 17.5 million manuscripts, 75,000 photographs, and 108,000 audio and video recordings occupying 37,500 linear feet of shelf space.
A total of 2,476 registrants made use of the Manuscripts Department holdings on-site this year. We received 5,855 inquires via fax, telephone, email and surface mail. Researchers used 13,886 items in 1998-1999, an increase of nearly 1,400 items over 1997-1998. Improved access to the Southern Folklife Collection and enhancements to the Department's finding aids on the Library's website contributed to this growth.
A number of publications resulted from research in the Manuscripts Department, including:
- Aiken, Charles. The Cotton Plantation South since the Civil War. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.
- Chapman, Craig. More Terrible than Victory. Brassey Press, 1998.
- Gallagher, Gary. Lee and his Generals in War and Memory. Louisiana State University Press, 1998.
- Hanchett, Thomas. Sorting out the New South City: Race, Class, and Urban Development in Charlotte, 1879-1975. University of North Carolina Press, 1998.
- McCaslin, Richard. Portraits of Conflict: A Photographic History of North Carolina in the Civil War. University of Arkansas Press, 1998.
- Marten, James. The Children's Civil War. University of North Carolina Press, 1998.
- Sims, Anastatia. The Power of Femininity in the New South: Women's Organizations and Politics in North Carolina, 1830-1930. University of South Carolina Press, 1998.
- Tolbert, Lisa C. Constructing Townscapes : Space and Society in Antebellum Tennessee. University of North Carolina Press, 1999.
- Weiner, Marli. Mistresses and Slaves: Plantation Women in South Carolina, 1830-1880. University of Illinois Press, 1998.
- Wiencek, Henry. The Hairstons: an American Family in Black and White. St. Martin's Press, 1999. [This book was the subject of an episode on the CBS program, 60 Minutes, which was filmed in Wilson Library and the Southern Historical Collection].
Recordings and Films (using source materials from the Southern Folklife Collection):
- Andrew, Rod. "Soldiers, Christians, and Patriots: The Lost Cause and Southern Military Schools, 1865-1915," Journal of Southern History (November 1998).
- Berry, Steve. "When Mail was Armor: Envelopes of the Great Rebellion, 1861-1865," Southern Cultures (Fall 1998).
- Blesser, Carol. "The Marriage of Varina Howell and Jefferson Davis," Journal of Southern History (February 1999).
- Davis, Amy. "African-American Gospel Music" program notes for Music of the Carolinas series sponsored by the NC Museum of History and PineCone - Piedmont Council for Traditional Music (April 1999).
- Davis, Amy. "Local Oprys in Kentucky: The Grassroots Support of Country Music," Kentucky Folklife Festival Program book (September, 1998).
- Forret, Jeff. "Slave Labor in North Carolina Antebellum Gold Mines," North Carolina Historical Review (April 1999).
- Harmon, William. "Some Early Letters of e.e. cummings to James Spencer Love, Spring: The Journal of the E.E. Cummings Society (October 1998), pp.170-176. [with transcriptions and notes by Timothy Pyatt]
- Minchin, Timothy. "Color Means Something: Black Pioneers, White Resistance, and Interracial Unionism in the Southern Textile Industry, 1957-1980," Journal of Labor History (May 1998).
- Salmond, John. "The Burlington Dynamite Plot: The 1934 Textile Strike and Its Aftermath in Burlington, North Carolina," North Carolina Historical Review (October 1998).
- Whalen, Robert. "Recollecting the Cotton Mill Wars: Proletarian Literature of the 1929-1931 Southern Textile Strike," North Carolina Historical Review (October 1998).
- Wright, Jack. "Only Remembered For What He Has Done--'Dock' Boggs," The Old Time Herald, (Vol. 6 No. 5 Fall 1998).
- "From Earth and Fire: North Carolina Pottery," educational video produced by North Carolina Museum of History.
- "The History of Country Music," 12-hour documentary produced by CBS News for The Nashville Network (TNN).
- "The North Carolina Banjo Collection," Rounder Records CD1700.
- "He Didn't Dance," Cucanandy (with Mike Casey), Milky Way Music.
The Department mounted two exhibits this past year. The Horace Williams exhibit served as a prelude to the Department's major exhibit on Williams that was mounted July 1999 in the Wilson Library third floor exhibition area.
As part of the Library's celebration of the opening of the Charles Kuralt Collection, the Department mounted the largest exhibit ever displayed in our fourth floor quarters. Using papers, photographs, and artifacts from the Kuralt Collection, project archivist Jill Snider was able to create a display that documented Kuralt's life and career in our lobby cases and on wall space near the built-in exhibit cases. Reference assistant John White assisted in mounting the exhibit.
- Horace Williams: Hegel of the Cotton Patch (Summer-Fall 1998).
- Remembering Charles Kuralt (Winter-Fall 1999.
The Southern Historical and Folklife Collections received 234 new accessions representing 655,092 items (1,106 linear feet). University Archives received 51 records transfers representing 709,952 items (591 linear feet). The Department received a grand total of 1,365,044 items (1,697 linear feet) during fiscal year 1998-1999.
- Papers and recordings of folk-singer Anne Romaine. Gift of Rita Rakestraw.
- Original transcription discs of Bob Wills and his Texas Playboys. Gift of Anita Anderson.
- Major addition to the papers of the late Judge Susie Sharp. Gift of James V. Sharp.
- Addition to the antebellum plantation and business papers of Waightstill Avery. Gift of Sara Thomas.
- Papers of poet Ronald Bayes. Gift of Mr. Bayes.
- Papers of actress Elizabeth MacRae. Gift of Ms. MacRae.
- Papers of journalist Edwin Yoder, Jr. Gift of Mr. Yoder.
- Major addition to the papers of author, editor, and professor Louis Rubin, Jr. Gift of Mr. Rubin.
- Papers and films of documentary film-maker George Stoney. Gift of Mr. Stoney.
- Major addition to the plantation records of the Prudhomme Family. Gift of Mayo Prud'homme.
- Papers of award-winning mystery author Margaret Maron. Deposited by Ms. Maron.
- Papers of author and publisher Ellyn Bache. Deposited by Ms. Bache.
University Archives, Notable New Record Groups and Additions:
- Civil War logbook of Anchrum Ezell, Captain of Company A, North Carolina 40th Regiment, CSA.
- Manuscript notebook describing the trial of Confederate spy John Yates Beall.
- Civil War letters of Albert White, Company C, 4th North Carolina Infantry, CSA.
- 60 oral history interviews with friends, colleagues, and family of the late broadcaster Charles Kuralt.
- Antebellum tavern records of Martin Browne from the Virginia/North Carolina border.
- Records from the administration of former University of North Carolina President C.D. Spangler, Jr. Received from UNC General Administration.
- Chancellor's Administrative Council Records.
- Office of the Chancellor Records: Paul Hardin Series.
- Affirmative Action Office Records.
During FY1998-99, we processed 145 new collections and records groups and/or additions to existing collections representing 2,199 linear feet (1,404,845 items) for the Southern Historical and Folklife Collections and University Archives. Notable collections processed include:
- Goldband Recording Company Records, #20245, about 17,280 items (240.0 linear feet). Materials documenting the operations of the Goldband Recording Company of Lake Charles, La., and other activities of Goldband's owner and manager, Eddie Shuler, such as TEK Publishing and other business ventures. Included are business records, correspondence, publicity materials for Goldband and for individual recording artists, studio recordings and released recordings in a variety of formats, sheet music and song lyrics, and other items.
- Hal Kemp Papers, #4923, about 600 items (4.5 linear feet). Collection of correspondence, clippings, legal documents, sheet music, and recorded music documenting Hal Kemp's career as a musician and band leader. Among the items included, there are many photographs of Kemp, beginning at age one and continuing throughout his life. There are also group and individual photographs of various Kemp family members and the Hal Kemp Orchestra. In 1922, Kemp entered the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, where he organized a campus band known as the Carolina Club Orchestra.
- Charles Kuralt Collection, #4882, about 58,000 items (176.5 linear feet plus audiovisual materials). Papers, 1934-1997, of Charles Kuralt, including personal and office mail, with extensive fan mail files and many letters in response to his retirement; scripts; speeches; background research materials relating to shows and books; clippings and souvenirs; publicity materials; oral history interviews with Kuralt's friends, family, and colleagues; photographs; calendars and notebooks; and audiotapes, videotapes, films, and other media.
- Elizabeth MacRae Papers, #4952, about 90 items (3.5 linear feet). Scripts and audiovisual material documenting the acting career of Elizabeth MacRae. Included are scripts of television programs, movies, and plays in which MacRae appeared. In a few cases, related items are filed with the script. The collection also contains two publicity photographs of MacRae; an audiotape of an interview with MacRae in 1967; several videotapes, mostly of episodes of Gomer Pyle, USMC, in which MacRae appeared; and some films, including a copy of Francis Ford Coppola's The Conversation.
- Sam Ragan Papers, #4490, about 27,000 items (42.5 linear feet). Papers document Sam Ragan's career as a journalist and his role as patron of the arts in North Carolina. Correspondence files include materials relating to newspaper organizations, the North Carolina Arts Council, North Carolina Writers' Conference, North Carolina Writers' Network, and the Weymouth Center for the Arts and Humanities.
- Sellers Manufacturing Company Records, #4922, about 250 items (4.0 linear feet). The records, 1927-1994, of the Sellers Manufacturing Company of Saxapahaw, N.C., and related companies, Royal Cotton Mill, Sellers Dyeing Company, Jordan Spinning Company, and National Processing Company, include minutes of stockholders meetings and directors meetings, tax returns, inventories, accounts, and other items.
- Bart Smallwood Papers, #4884, about 1500 items (3.5 linear feet). This collection documents Bart Smallwood's community activities and personal life. Community activities are represented by minutes, baseball score books, programs for special events, and memos and correspondence relating to the organization, administration, and financing organizations with which Smallwood was involved. Smallwood's personal life is reflected in letters, financial material, and family pictures. The collection also contains items relating to Bart's son Arwin Smallwood.
- Southern Economic Journal Records, # 4886, about 129,000 items (387.0 linear feet). The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence with authors of articles submitted to the journal, but there are also records relating to the Journal's financial and administrative operations, including correspondence, ledgers, bank statements, and subscription information.
We completed preservation microfilming for two collections (99 reels total) this year. In addition most of the preparation for microfilming the records of the Dialectic Society, which will be filmed this coming year, was completed. The collections filmed were:
- Grant Arledge Papers (#4913)
- Jonathan Daniels Papers, Series 1. General Files (#3466)
Thanks to support from the Randleigh Foundation, we hired a part-time assistant who worked on Department materials under the direction of the Library's conservator, Jan Paris. The assistant performed item-level conservation work on some 1,100 items from the Department's manuscript collections at greatest risk, including materials from:
- Rice Ballard Papers
- Confederate Papers
- CSA Conscript Records
- Preston Davie Papers
- John Steele Henderson Papers
- Charles Kuralt Papers
- Mary Margaret McLeod Papers
- Howard Odum Papers
- Philip Rainey Papers
- University Archives, various record groups
Little archival media preservation work was completed this year as our part-time studio engineer position was vacant for most of the year and our Sound & Image Librarian position was vacant for all of FY1998-99. Using a contract technician, we were able to make preservation transfers of the audio and video materials in the Charles Kuralt Papers.
As mentioned in the previous section, the Southern Folklife Collection was under-staffed for most of year due to the Sound & Image Librarian and studio engineer vacancies. Fortunately we were able to create and fill the Southern Folklife Collection Assistant position with Amy Davis in February. Steve Weiss accepted the position of Sound & Image Librarian in May and started in August of 1999. We are still working to secure funding for the studio engineer position.
Jill Snider successfully completed work on the Charles Kuralt project in March. We were able to renew her contract for another year and have Jill working to wrap-up some Kuralt-related projects as well as processing collections from our ever-growing backlog. Teresa Church completed her contract work surveying collections transferred from North Carolina Central University and accepted the position of project archivist for our two-year NHPRC grant. Masie Jones left as Department Assistant last July and was replaced by the equally capable Rachel Canada in October.
David Moltke-Hansen, who returned to the Library last year after serving as Director of the UNC-Chapel Hill Center for the Study of the American South, spent most of the year on leave. In May he accepted the position of Director at the Pennsylvania Historical Society.
Department staff were active in a number of regional and national meetings. Teresa Church and Tim Pyatt both presented papers at the annual meeting of the Society of American Archivists in Orlando, Florida. Tim also presented a paper for the Rare Books and Manuscripts Section of the American Library Association's preconference in Montreal. Jill Snider and Linda Sellars made presentations for the Librarians Association of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's Fall meeting. Jill also presented a paper for the Spring meeting of the Society of North Carolina Archivists and Linda spoke at the Business History Conference held at UNC-Chapel Hill. Lynn Holdzkom became co-leader of the Society of American Archivists' archival cataloging workshops and gave her first workshop in New Orleans. Amy Davis was elected First Vice President of the North Carolina Folklore Society and Tim Pyatt was elected President of the Society of North Carolina Archivists.
Timothy D. Pyatt
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Last update: September 1999.