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Collection Number: 00004

Collection Title: Alamance Cotton Mill Records, 1839-1926

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


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Size 4.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 130 items)
Abstract The Alamance Cotton Mill was established by Edwin Michael Holt and his brother-in-law, William A. Carrigan, in 1837, signalling the start of industrial development in Alamance County, N.C. The Alamance factory was located on Great Alamance Creek, site of Holt's father's grist mill. The plant was under Holt management for 89 years, during which time the Holt family controlled most of the county's cotton manufacture. The Alamance Cotton Mill operated under various names, including Holt and Carrigan, E.M. Holt and Company, E.M. Holt's Sons, and the L. Banks Holt Manufacturing Company. Business records and scattered business correspondence of the Alamance Cotton Mill include production, shipping, and time records; store accounts; letter books; and other materials relating to manufacture and sales. Papers are chiefly dated 1838-1884, with a gap from 1853 to 1868.
Creator Alamance Cotton Mill (Alamance County, N.C.)
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
Retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Alamance Cotton Mill Records #4, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from the Alamance Factory and E. M. Holt and Sons, prior to 1940.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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Alamance Factory was built in 1837 by Edwin Michael Holt on Great Alamance Creek, the site of his father's grist mill. Though there were already perhaps two small mills in operation in Alamance County, this date may be considered the beginning of the industrial development of the county. Holt and his heirs dominated the industrial life of the county for the next century.

Alamance Factory continued under Holt management for 89 years; and twenty-four of the county's twenty-nine cotton mills were controlled by members of the Holt family for periods ranging from fourteen to eighty-nine mills, during the period of development.

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Scattered business and miscellaneous papers, 1839-1926, and 34 volumes, 1844-1926, including 11 oversized volumes. The volumes include merchandise ledgers, store journals, shipping and production books, time books, letter books, invoice books, and other records relating to manufacture and sales.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Business and Miscellaneous Papers, 1839-1926.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Volumes, 1844-1925.

34 volumes.

Arrangement: chronological.

Merchandise ledgers, store journals, shipping and production books, time books, letter books, invoice books, and other records relating to manufacture and sales.

Folder 4

Volume 1. September 1844-July 1846. Holt general merchandise day book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 4

Folder 5

Volume S-2. 1845-1853. E. M. Holt & Co., merchandise ledger. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 5

Folder 6

Volume 3. August 1846-July 1849. E. M. Holt & Co., Hillsboro, N. C., general merchandise day book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 6

Folder 7

Volume 3a. August 1849-September 1853. E. M. Holt & Co., Hillsboro, N. C., general merchandise day book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 7

Folder 8

Volume 4. 1868-1887. E. M. Holt's Sons, Alamance Mills, miscellaneous receipt book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 8

Folder 9

Volume 5. May 1883-May 1887. Day book, store account with family. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 9

Folder 10

Volume 6. September 1885-June 1886. Shipping book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 10

Folder 11

Volume S-7. 1887-1899. E. M. Holt's Sons, Alamance Factory, store journal. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 11

Folder 12

Volume 8. March-December 1889. Alamance Factory, ledger. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 12

Folder 13

Volume S-9. 1890-1899. E. M. Holt's Sons, miscellaneous ledger. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 13

Folder 14

Volume S-10. January 1890-January 1900. Alamance Factory, production book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 14

Folder 15

Volume S-11. January 1890-June 1901. Alamance Cotton Mills, time book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 15

Folder 16

Volume 12. June 1891-March 1898. Shipping book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 16

Folder 17

Volume S-13. February 1900-July 1908. Commercial National Bank account. 1910-1913. Inventory of Alamance Store. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 17

Folder 18

Volume 14. February 1900-October 1922. Alamance Cotton Mills, production book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 18

Folder 19

Volume S-15. July 1900-October 1912. Alamance Cotton Mills, time book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 19

Folder 20

Volume 16. September 1902-February 1909. Alamance Cotton Mills, letter book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 20

Folder 21

Volume 17. December 1904-October 1906. Alamance Cotton Mills, letter book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 21

Folder 22

Volume 18. 1908. Mill record. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 22

Folder 23

Volume 19. November 1905-August 1926. Alamance Cotton Mills, cotton book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 23

Folder 24

Volume 20. 1905-1915. Inventories, mill store. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 24

Folder 25

Volume 21. 1908-1910. Alamance Cotton Mills, invoice book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 25

Folder 26

Volume S-22. September 1908-May 1920. Alamance Cotton Mills, rent book and mill accounts. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 26

Folder 27

Volume S-23. September 1908-March 1926. Alamance Cotton Mills, cotton book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 27

Folder 28

Volume 24. September 1909-November 1926. Alamance Cotton Mills, cloth account. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 28

Folder 29

Volume 25. June 1910-1912. Store ledger. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 29

Folder 30

Volume 26. July 1910-March 1914. Invoice book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 30

Folder 31

Volume 27. 1911. Mill record. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 31

Folder 32

Volume S-28. July 1912-May 1916. L. Banks Holt Mfg. Co., Alamance Cotton Mills, colored cotton register. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 32

Folder 33

Volume 29. July 1912-March 1917. Bailing book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 33

Folder 34

Volume 30. August 1912-April 1914. Store ledger. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 34

Folder 35

Volume 31. 1916. Weaving room cloth book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 35

Folder 36

Volume 32. July 1922-July 1925. Time book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 36

Folder 37

Volume 33. June 1924-June 1925. Production cost book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 37

Folder 38

Volume S-34. 1867-1885. E. M. Holt's Sons, general merchandise ledger. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." Folder 38

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff, 1997

Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008

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