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Collection Number: 03245

Collection Title: Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities; this finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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Size 6.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 2,500 items)
Abstract Alexander Boyd Andrews of North Carolina (1841-1915) was a Confederate Army officer, planter, and railroad executive. The collection includes papers, 1859-1891, consist of correspondence and other business papers of Andrew Boyd Andrews relating to his career as a railroad executive and capitalist, chiefly correspondence, bills, routine reports and monthly returns, receipts, and bills of lading. Railroads with which Andrews was connected include the Raleigh & Gaston, Chatham, Richmond & Danville, Atlantic & North Carolina, Western North Carolina, and the Southern. The earlier papers relate to railroad construction and specific arrangements for and the volume of business of a ferry on the Roanoke River at Gaston, N.C., including records of individual agents, boatmen, and other employees. In the late 1870s there is correspondence relating to the consolidation of railroads, financing, and the changes of ownership and management. The papers become less numerous after 1875. Also included are a scattering of personal and family letters, personal bills, and accounts, and papers relating to the planting of cotton and the selling of that and other crops through Baltimore commission merchants. The sixteen volumes include records relating to the operation of the ferry, 1866; farm records and accounts, including accounts with tenants and sharecroppers; personal and bank accounts; two volumes relating to Mrs. Andrews's housekeeping and church work, and a volume of data about births, marriages and deaths in the Andrews family, Johnston family, and Hawkins family.
Creator Andrews, Alexander Boyd, 1841-1915.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, #3245, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Purchased from Augusta Andrews Young of Desert Hot Springs, Calif., November 1956.
Additional Descriptive Resources
A copy of the original finding aid for this collection is filed in folder 1a.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

1841 Alexander Boyd Andrews born to William J. and Virginia (Hawkins) Andrews.
1859-1860 Purchasing agent, paymaster, and general superintendent for his uncle Phil B. Hawkins, who had a building contract on the Blue Ridge Railroad in South Carolina.
1861 Enlisted in 1st North Carolina Cavalry, C.S.A., under Robert Ransom.
1862 Promoted to captain, 1st North Carolina Cavalry, C.S.A.
1863 Wounded near Charlottesville, Va.
1865-1866 Operated ferry at Gaston, N.C.
1867-1875 Superintendent, Raleigh & Gaston Railroad.
1868 Became superintendent, Chatham Railroad.
1869 Married Julia Johnston of Charlotte, N.C.
1875 Representative of Richmond & Danville Railroad Company (later part of Southern Railroad) in North Carolina; superintendent of North Carolina Division, Richmond & Danville Railroad Company.
1876 Acquired the title of colonel as aide-de-camp to Governor Vance.
1878-1880 Superintendent of Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad
1879-1880 Instrumental in the reorganization of Western North Carolina Railroad.
1881 President, Western North Carolina Railroad.
1894-1915 Vice president, Southern Railroad.
1915 Death of Alexander Boyd Andrews.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

Papers, 1859-1891, consist of correspondence and other business papers of Alexander B. Andrews relating to his career as a railroad executive and capitalist. Also included are a scattering of personal and family letters, personal bills and accounts, and papers relating to the planting of cotton and the selling of that crops through Baltimore, Md., commission merchants.

The business papers are chiefly communications addressed to Alexander Boyd Andrews, or addressed to other railroad officers and referred to Andrews; also bills, routine reports and monthly returns, receipts and bills of lading.

The correspondence includes complaints and claims for losses and damage of freight shipments; applications for positions; requests for special arrangements in connection with freight rates, passenger excursion rates and individual passes; reports of accidents and damage to tracks and trestles; arrangements for right of way for new tracks; personnel problems; traffic of freight cars and schedule problems; rate agreements; negotiations with dealers in equipment for railroads, wood, and other purchases; continual communication with other railroads about freight shipments, schedule connections, rates, competition, and policies; storekeeping and housing for railroad laborers.

The earlier papers relate to railroad construction and specific arrangements for and the volume of business of the ferry at Gaston, N.C., including records of individual agents, boatmen, and other employees. Between 1867 and 1874, when Andrews was superintendent of Raleigh & Gaston Railroad, he was in constant communication with the agents at the stations on the line at Raleigh, Neuse, Wake, Franklinton, Kittrells, Henderson, Junction, Ridgeway, Warrenton, Macon, Littleton, Gaston, and Weldon, N.C.

The sixteen volumes include records relating to the operation of the ferry at Gaston, N.C., in 1866; farm records and accounts; personal and bank accounts; two volumes relating to Mrs. Andrews's housekeeping and church work, and a volume of family data pertaining to the Andrews, Johnston, and Hawkins families.

There are also tables of rates, storekeepers' reports, packages of rountine bills of lading, graphs, printed notices of schedules, rates, routes, sale of railroad bonds and a group of printed advertisements for specialized railroad equipment.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891.

Folder 1a

Original finding aid #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 1a

Folder 1-2

Folder 1

Folder 2

1859-1864 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 1-2

Folder 3-4

Folder 3

Folder 4

1865 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 3-4

Folder 5-11

Folder 5

Folder 6

Folder 7

Folder 8

Folder 9

Folder 10

Folder 11

1866 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 5-11

Folder 12-18

Folder 12

Folder 13

Folder 14

Folder 15

Folder 16

Folder 17

Folder 18

1867 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 12-18

Folder 19-23

Folder 19

Folder 20

Folder 21

Folder 22

Folder 23

1868 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 19-23

Folder 24-26

Folder 24

Folder 25

Folder 26

1869 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 24-26

Folder 27-32

Folder 27

Folder 28

Folder 29

Folder 30

Folder 31

Folder 32

1870 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 27-32

Folder 33-36

Folder 33

Folder 34

Folder 35

Folder 36

1871 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 33-36

Folder 37-43

Folder 37

Folder 38

Folder 39

Folder 40

Folder 41

Folder 42

Folder 43

1872 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 37-43

Folder 44-53

Folder 44

Folder 45

Folder 46

Folder 47

Folder 48

Folder 49

Folder 50

Folder 51

Folder 52

Folder 53

1873 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 44-53

Folder 54-65

Folder 54

Folder 55

Folder 56

Folder 57

Folder 58

Folder 59

Folder 60

Folder 61

Folder 62

Folder 63

Folder 64

Folder 65

1874 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 54-65

Folder 66-77

Folder 66

Folder 67

Folder 68

Folder 69

Folder 70

Folder 71

Folder 72

Folder 73

Folder 74

Folder 75

Folder 76

Folder 77

1875 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 66-77

Folder 77

1875-1878 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 77

Folder 78

1879-1891, 1902 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 78

Folder 79-81

Folder 79

Folder 80

Folder 81

Undated #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 79-81

Folder 82

Portfolio of printed schedules, circulars, etc. #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 82

Folder 83

Portfolio of railroad material advertisements #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 83

Folder 84

Permits #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 84

Folder 85-90

Folder 85

Folder 86

Folder 87

Folder 88

Folder 89

Folder 90

Freight bills #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 85-90

Folder 91-94

Folder 91

Folder 92

Folder 93

Folder 94

Bills of lading #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 91-94

Folder 95

Bank checks #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 95

Folder 96

Reports #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 96

Folder 97

Time tables #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 97

Folder 98

Freight schedule #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 98

Folder 99

#03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 99

See Rolled Item R-3245/1

Rolled Item R-3245/1

Map of railway line #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." R-3245/1

Folder 100

Printed advertisements #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 100

Folder 101

Volume 1: Account book, Alexander Boyd Andrews; ledger and daybook, A. B. Hawkins, 1859-1862 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 101

Folder 102

Volume 2: Ferry agent's records, 1863-1866 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 102

Folder 103

Volume 3: Ledger, R. H. Andrews, 1865-1866 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 103

Folder 104

Volume 4: Account book, Alexander Boyd Andrews, 1865-1866 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 104

Folder 105-110

Folder 105

Folder 106

Folder 107

Folder 108

Folder 109

Folder 110

Volumes 5-10: Ferry agent's records, Alexander Boyd Andrews and others, 1865-1866 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 105-110

Folder 111

Volume 11: Account book and mailing list, Sewing Society of the Church of Holy Innocents (?), 1867-1870 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 111

Folder 112

Volume 12: Bank book, Alexander Boyd Andrews, 1868-1870 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 112

Folder 113

Volume 13: Account book, Alexander Boyd Andrews, 1870 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 113

Folder 114

Volume 14: Housekeeping records, [Mrs. Alexander Boyd Andrews], 1870-1871 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 114

Folder 115

Volume 15: Bank book, Alexander Boyd Andrews, 1874-1876 #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 115

Folder 116

Volume 16: Genealogical records, Andrews, Johnston, and Hawkins families, undated #03245, Series: "Alexander Boyd Andrews Papers, 1859-1891." Folder 116

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Items Separated

Rolled item (R-3245/1).

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

Updated by: Kate Stratton and Jodi Berkowitz, November 2009

This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

Diacritics and other special characters have been omitted from this finding aid to facilitate keyword searching in web browsers.

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