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Collection Number: 02849

Collection Title: Charles H. Andrews Papers, 1795-1950

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


Funding from the Watson-Brown Foundation, Inc., supported the encoding of this finding aid.

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Size 2.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 400 items)
Abstract Charles Haynes Andrews (1835-1905) of Madison and Milledgeville, Ga., was a lawyer, businessman, Confederate Army captain, and author of a history of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment (3rd Regiment of Georgia Volunteers), which served in Maryland, Virginia, and other locations. The collection consists of personal correspondence, writings, scrapbooks, and genealogical materials of Charles H. Andrews and other Andrews and Harris family members. There are only scattered items for the period 1795-1855, consisting of legal and personal papers of the Haynes and Andrews families and of unrelated persons. The bulk of the papers, 1858-1904, consists of personal papers of Andrews and his wife, Florence Emma Harris Andrews, including correspondence between them and with family and friends. Civil War materials include Andrews's letters describing military action and camp life, a report concerning activities of Wright's Brigade in the battle of Sharpsburg, and records of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment. Other letters document land owned in Florida, positions as deputy clerk of Superior Court and judge of Morgan County, Ga., wartime and postwar hardships, and race relations. Beginning in 1890, a large amount of the correspondence concerns Confederate veterans' activities in Georgia and Andrews's writing of the history of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment. There are only a few items for the period after 1904; they are chiefly letters to members of the Andrews family asking for information on the Harris family, about which Charles Haynes Andrews Jr. did research. Undated material includes a number of items on the history of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment and Iverson Louis Harris's writings concerning his legal and political career in Georgia. A number of the volumes relate to Andrews's Confederate service, including diaries, Home Guard records, and the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment history. Also included are several scrapbooks of material on Milledgeville, Ga., and on the Andrews, Harris, and Hall families; a volume of original writings by Charles Eaton Haynes; Rebecca Ann Harris's commonplace book; a volume of data on the Harris and related families prepared by Iverson Louis Harris; a notebook containing an alphabetical list of persons buried in the Milledgeville cemetery; and printed materials, chiefly political, historical, literary, and scientific addresses, reports, and other writings.
Creator Andrews, Charles H. (Charles Haynes), 1835-1905.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Charles H. Andrews Papers #2849, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alternate Form of Material
Microfilm copy (filmed September 1980) available.
  • Reel 1: Volume 17
Acquisitions Information
Received on deposit from Florence Andrews Scruggs of Rock Hill, S.C., in September 1952.
Additional Descriptive Resources
Original finding aid is filed in folder 1a
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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Charles Haynes Andrews (1835-1905) was born in Montgomery County, Ala., the son of Edwin Ruffin Andrews of Warren County, Ga., and Mary Ann Haynes Andrews of Hancock County, Ga. He was the grandson of Charles Eaton Haynes (1784-1841), a member of Congress from Sparta, Ga. After Edwin Ruffin Andrews died, Mary Ann Haynes Andrews moved Charles and his brother, Albert Andrews, to Athens, Ga., where the boys were educated. About 1857, the family moved to Madison, Morgan County, Ga., where Charles and Albert engaged in the drug business.

Andrews married Florence Emma Harris (1839-1882) of Milledgeville, Ga., in 1859. She was the daughter of Mary Euphemia Davies Harris and Iverson Louis Harris (1805-1876), a circuit court judge, member of the legislature, and Georgia Supreme Court justice. They had four children: Charles Haynes Jr., Frank, Louis H., and Mary.

When the Civil War began, Andrews was residing in Madison. He was elected first lieutenant in the Home Guard, later rising to the rank of captain. His outfit was mustered into Confederate service on 2 May 1861 as the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment (3rd Regiment of Georgia Volunteers, Company D), which became a unit in Wright's brigade in the Army of Northern Virginia. Andrews served in North Carolina, 1861-1862, and in Virginia, 1862-1864. In January 1863, he was appointed by Robert E. Lee as judge advocate of court martial, Anderson's division. In May 1863, he was placed in charge of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment and participated in the battles of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. In July 1863, he was given command of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment. He resigned from the army in 1864 for medical reasons.

In the period after the war, Andrews returned to Madison and for a time resumed the drug business with his brother. Later he began a legal career, and, for part of the 1870s and 1880s, he served as judge of the Morgan County court. He moved to northern Florida for a brief time to benefit his wife's health, but returned to Georgia in 1882 when she died. In December 1882, he settled in Milledgeville, Ga., and engaged in the insurance business. He lived there until his death in 1905.

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The collection consists of personal correspondence, writings, scrapbooks, and genealogical materials of Charles H. Andrews (Charles Haynes Andrews) (1835-1905) and other Andrews and Harris family members. There are only scattered items for the period 1795-1855, consisting of legal and personal papers of the Haynes and Andrews families and of unrelated persons. The bulk of the papers, 1858-1904, consists of personal papers of Andrews and his wife, Florence Emma Harris Andrews, including correspondence between them and with family and friends. Civil War materials include Andrews's letters describing military action and camp life, a report concerning activities of Wright's Brigade in the battle of Sharpsburg, and records of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment (3rd Regiment of Georgia Volunteers, Company D). Other letters document land owned in Florida, positions as deputy clerk of Superior Court and judge of Morgan County, Ga., wartime and postwar hardships, and race relations. Beginning in 1890, a large amount of the correspondence concerns Confederate veterans' activities in Georgia and Andrews's writing of the history of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment. There are only a few items for the period after 1904; they are chiefly letters to members of the Andrews family asking for information on the Harris family, about which Charles Haynes Andrews Jr. did research. The undated material includes a number of items on the history of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment and Iverson Louis Harris's writings concerning his legal and political career in Georgia. A number of the volumes relate to Andrews's Confederate service, including diaries, Home Guard records, and the history of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment. Also included are several scrapbooks of material on Milledgeville, Ga., and on the Andrews, Harris, and Hall families; a volume of original writings by Charles Eaton Haynes; Rebecca Ann Harris's commonplace book; a volume of data on the Harris and related families prepared by Iverson Louis Harris; a notebook containing an alphabetical list of persons buried in the Milledgeville cemetery; and printed materials, chiefly political, historical, literary, and scientific addresses, reports, and other writings.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Papers, 1795-1950.

About 400 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

The collection consists of personal correspondence, writings, scrapbooks, and genealogical materials of Charles H. Andrews (1835-1905) and other Andrews and Harris family members. There are only scattered items for the period 1795-1855, consisting of legal and personal papers of the Haynes and Andrews families and of unrelated persons. Included are a 1795 land grant to William M. McKissack; an 1817 report on the penal code of Georgia; a letter, 1830, from Congressman John Floyd; a copy of a legal document, 1839, concerning the sale of slaves by Mary Andrews to her daughter, Sarah A. Baker, with provisions for her grandsons Charles H. and Albert Andrews; and a letter, 1855, asking Mrs. Andrews if she still kept a school.

The bulk of the papers, 1858-1904, consist of personal papers of Charles H. Andrews and his wife, Florence Emma Harris Andrews, including correspondence between them and with family and friends, carrying news of social activities in various Georgia towns and European travel. Andrews's Civil War letters describe military action and camp life in Roanoke Island, N.C., and South Mills, N.C.; Portsmouth, Va., Deep Creek, Va., Suffolk, Va., Chancellorsville, Va., Petersburg, Va., Drewry's Bluff, Va., Richmond, Va., and Fredericksburg, Va., and tell of the Merrimac, activities of Andrews and other soldiers, and give directions about affairs at home. There are letters from other family and friends, including a letter from Florence Harris Andrews to her mother in which she described a visit to her husband in Virginia, the sadness of seeing men go to battle, and her escape from Federal invasion. Other Civil War materials include a report concerning activities of Wright's Brigade in the battle of Sharpsburg, instructions from the Office of the Chief of Subsistence, and a 1862 muster roll and 1864 reenlistment resolution for the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment.

Postwar correspondence provides family news, as well as description of hardships, the difficulty of keeping servants, and behavior toward the army of occupation. Florence Harris Andrews's letters to her family note joining the Presbyterian Church and travel in Florida and Georgia, including a commentary on riding in unsegregated trains. Letters also document land owned in Florida and positions as deputy clerk of Superior Court and judge of Morgan County. Beginning in 1890, a large amount of Andrews's correspondence concerns Confederate veterans' activities in Georgia and his writing of the history of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment.

There are only a few items for the period after 1904 and they are chiefly letters to members of the Andrews family asking for information on the Harris family, about which Charles Haynes Andrews Jr. did research. The undated material includes several items on the history of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment and Iverson Louis Harris's writings concerning his legal and political career in Georgia. A number of the volumes, including diaries, relate to Andrews's Confederate service, especially with the Home Guard of Madison, Morgan County, Ga., and later the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment. There are also several scrapbooks of material on Milledgeville, Ga., and on the Andrews, Harris, and Hall families; a volume of original writings by Charles Eaton Haynes; Rebecca Ann Harris's 1849 commonplace book; a volume of data on the Harris and related families prepared by Iverson Louis Harris; and a notebook containing an alphabetical list of persons buried in the Milledgeville cemetery. Printed materials include Civil War orders, but are comprised chiefly of political, historical, literary, and scientific addresses, reports, and other writings.

Folder 1a

Original finding aid #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 1a

Provides additional description of materials, including names of some correspondents

Folder 1b

1795-1813 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 1b

Folder 2

1817-1820 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 2

Folder 3

1830-1860 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 3

Folder 4

1862 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 4

Folder 5

1863-1867 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 5

Folder 6

1868-1876 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 6

Folder 7

1877-1889 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 7

Folder 8-9

Folder 8

Folder 9

1890 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 8-9

Folder 10-11

Folder 10

Folder 11

1891 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 10-11

Folder 12

1892-1897 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 12

Folder 13

1898-1901 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 13

Folder 14

1902-1903 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 14

Folder 15

1904-1937 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 15

Folder 16

Undated #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 16

Folder 17

Family data: Haynes and Harris #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 17

Folder 18

Writings, undated #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 18

Folder 19

History of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 19

Folder 20

Records of men in the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 20

Folder 21a

Volume 1a: Iverson L. Harris, circa 1861 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 21a

Recollections, particularly relating to political activities in Georgia, 1826-1861

Folder 21b

Volume 1b: Writings of Charles Eaton Haynes, 1832-1834 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 21b

"Original pieces on different subjects and occasions"

Folder 22

Volume 2: Commonplace book of Rebecca Ann Harris, 1849-1860 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 22

"Montpelier," Milledgeville, Ga.; contains poems, meditations, and commonplace entries

Folder 23

Volume 3: Autograph book of Charles H. Andrews, 1856-1893 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 23

Athens, Ga.; contains poems of Charles Eaton Haynes, letters, and miscellaneous entries

Folder 24

Volume 4: Records of Home Guard of Madison, Morgan County, Ga., 1859-1861 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 24

Accounts of their organization, rules and regulations, minutes of meetings and drills, and resolutions

Folder 25

Volume 5: Scrapbook of Charles H. Andrews, 1859-1890 (bulk 1860s-1870s) #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 25

Contains items relating to his Confederate Army career, including commissions, orders, clippings about battles, activities of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment, and other Confederate subjects

Folder 26

Volume 6: Minutes of the Home Guards of Madison, Morgan County, Ga., April 1861-June 1862 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 26

Morning reports, copies of orders, resignations, correspondence, and other papers of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment

Folder 27

Volume 7: Pocket diary, 1861-1862 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 27

Probably of Charles H. Andrews, containing roll of 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment; record of clothes and blankets issued; description of troop movements; notes on history of the company; and lists of men killed

Folder 28

Volume 8: Diary of J. A. Wilson, July 1862-May 1865 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 28

Extracts from a diary kept while the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment was with Confederate troops in Virginia

Folder 29

Volume 9: Roll of Home Guard of Madison, Morgan County, Ga., 1861-1863 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 29

Descriptive roll of 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment with individual physical descriptions of officers and men; notations, as to deaths, wounds, appointments, furloughs, dismissals, and desertions

Folder 30

Volume 10: Pocket notebook, 1864 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 30

Slight records of killed and wounded from several companies at Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg, Va.

Folder 31

Volume 11: Scrapbook, 1876-1941 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 31

Clippings; poems; obituaries of related families and Milledgeville residents; and writings on religion, Confederate history, and miscellaneous subjects

Folder 32

Volume 12: Account book of Charles H. Andrews, 1877-1878 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 32

Documents food, clothing, and other expenses; court costs; accounts with various individuals for services and goods; and notes on musical instruments

Folder 33

Volume 13: Record book of Mrs. S. E. Gabbett, 1900-1902 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 33

Contains lists of names of Confederate Army veterans, chiefly from Georgia, who were awarded the cross of honor by the United Daughters of the Confederacy of Atlanta, Ga.

Folder 34

Volume 14: Scrapbook, 1930-1937 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 34

Probably compiled by a member of the Andrews family; contains poems, greeting cards, clippings concerning Georgia people, especially from Milledgeville, and the work of Mary Andrews in the Presbyterian Church

Folder 35

Volume 15: Scrapbook, 1937-1950 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 35

Probably compiled by a member of the Andrews family; contains clippings on the history of Milledgeville, 1930s-1940s, including the centennial celebration of the governor's mansion in 1938 and activities of the Andrews, Hall, and Harris families

Folder 36

Volume 16: Songbook, undated #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 36

Words and music for several songs, written in ink

Folder 37

Volume 17: Notebook, undated #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 37

Contains family data of the Iverson Louis Harris family and related Lanier, Washington, Lewis, Byne, Devies, Baillie, and Andrews families of Virginia and Georgia

Folder 38

Volume 18: Charles H. Andrews history of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 38

Chapters 1-11

Folder 39

Volume 19: Charles H. Andrews history of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 39

Manuscript copy

Folder 40

Volume 20: Notebook, undated #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 40

Contains alphabetical list of persons buried in the cemetery at Milledgeville, Ga., with inscriptions and dates on the graves noted

Folder 41a-f

Volume 21: Printed materials, 1820-1936 #02849, Series: "Papers, 1795-1950." Folder 41a-f

Includes reprints of Civil War orders, but comprised chiefly of political, historical, literary, and scientific addresses, reports, and other writings

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Processing Information

Processed by: Anna Brooke Allan, June 1961

Encoded by: Nancy Kaiser, October 2005

Funding from the Watson-Brown Foundation, Inc., supported the encoding of this finding aid.

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