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Collection Number: 03456

Collection Title: Alphonso Calhoun Avery Papers, 1761-1977

This collection has access restrictions. For details, please see the restrictions.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


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Size About 3000 items (9.5 linear feet)
Abstract Alphonso Calhoun Avery of Burke County, N.C., was a lawyer, a judge in the North Carolina Superior Courts, a North Carolina Supreme Court justice, and a major in the 6th North Carolina Regiment during the Civil War. He married Susan Washington Morrison in 1861 and Sallie Love Thomas in 1888. He had eleven children, including Isaac Erwin Avery and Gladys Avery Tillett. The collection contains personal and professional correspondence, legal papers, financial materials, and other papers of Alphonso Calhoun Avery. Correspondence concerns family and business affairs, legal work, land transactions, politics, and various legal and historical publications to which he contributed. Included are letters from Avery's son, Isaac Erwin Avery, about his experiences in Shanghai, China, 1894-1895. Legal papers consist of deeds, indentures, surveyors' reports, land plats, powers of attorney, and papers relating to Avery's legal career. Financial papers consist of bills, receipts, purchase lists, and account books. Also included are legal and financial papers relating to Western North Carolina Railroad contractors Chambers and Avery and to various family members' estates. Other papers include biographical and genealogical materials relating to the Love, Erwin, Thomas, and other families; Avery's publications and writings on Civil War and western North Carolina history; Civil War papers relating to Avery and his brother, Colonel Isaac Erwin Avery; recipe and remedy books of Susan Washington Morrison Avery; and volumes containing notes on legal cases, lectures on legal topics, and Civil War clippings and letters. Also included are letters and legal papers relating to land holdings of William Holland Thomas, Sallie Love Thomas Avery's father, who represented the North Carolina Cherokee and acquired vast amounts of land that came under dispute following his financial collapse. Letters concern the Thomas heirs' legal claims, some handled by Charles Walter Tillett, to the land, mineral rights, and Cherokee land boundaries. Legal papers relate to court cases about the lands and include indentures, plats, petitons, notes, testimony, and Thomas's power of attorney for the North Carolina Cherokee.
Creator Avery, Alphonso Calhoun, 1835-1913.
Language English.
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Restrictions to Access
This collection contains additional materials that are not processed and are currently not available to researchers. For information about access to these materials, contact Research and Instructional Services staff. Please be advised that preparing unprocessed materials for access can be a lengthy process.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Alphonso Calhoun Avery Papers #3456, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Provenance
Received from L. T. Avery of Southern Pines, N.C, in January 1960; from Gladys Avery Tillett of Charlotte, N.C., in August 1972; from Caroline Avery of Statesville, N.C., in August 1983 (Acc. 83210); and from Sara Tillett Thomas of Vienna, Va., from August 1984 through May 2001 (Acc. 84053, 97133, 97165, 98193, 98217, 98940).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Alphonso Calhoun Avery (1835-1913), the fifth son of Isaac Thomas Avery and Harriet Erwin Avery, was born at Swan Ponds in Burke County, N.C., on 11 September 1835. He attended the Bingham School in Oaks, Orange County, N.C., and was graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1857. After two years spent overseeing one of his father's farms in Mitchell County, Avery studied law under Richmond Pearson and obtained his license to to practice in the county courts in June 1860.

On 27 February 1861, Avery married Susan Washington Morrison (1838-1886), daughter of the Reverend R. H. Morrison of Lincoln County, N.C. In May 1861, Avery was commissioned a first lieutenant in Company F of the 6th North Carolina Regiment, which was commanded by his brother, Colonel Isaac Erwin Avery (1828-1863). Avery saw action at the Battle of Manassas and was promoted to captain after the Battle of Seven Pines. In December 1862, Avery was transferred to the staff of his brother-in-law, General D. H. Hill, where he was promoted to major. In 1864, Avery went with Hill to the Army of the West and then served on the staffs of generals John C. Breckenridge, Thomas C. Hindman, and John B. Hood. In the summer of 1864, Avery received a leave of absence to return home, due to his father's illness and the battle-related deaths of his three older brothers. He was then transferred to the Department of North Carolina and formed a regiment to protect the state's western frontier. Avery was captured by Union troops in the spring of 1865 and imprisoned at Camp Chase in Tennessee until he was paroled in August 1865.

After the war, Avery returned home to Swan Ponds, began practicing law in Morganton, and obtained his license to practice before the North Carolina Supreme Court. In 1866, he was elected to represent Burke, Caldwell, and McDowell counties in the North Carolina Senate, where he served as chair of the Committee on Internal Improvements. Avery was also a contractor for the Western North Carolina Railroad. He lost his political office in 1867 when the Republican party gained control of state government, and he became a member of the Ku Klux Klan in western North Carolina. In 1875, Avery was elected as a delegate to the North Carolina Constitutional Convention, and, in 1876, he was a Democratic Presidential Elector. In 1876, Avery and his family moved to Morganton, which was more convenient for his legal work, and the estate at Swan Ponds was divided among his father's heirs. Following the return of the Democrats to power in 1878, Avery was elected to serve as a judge in the North Carolina Superior Court. He filed over 500 opinions; those of note deal with the homestead, ejectment and boundaries, fraud, and insurance. In that same year, he became a member of the First Presbyterian Church in Morganton, and was ordained a ruling elder in 1879.

Susan Washington Morrison Avery died on 24 March 1886, leaving him with six of the couple's eight children: Mary Graham (1862-1863), Harriet Eloise (b. 1864), Morrison Robert (1868-1890), Anna Julia (1869-1871), Isaac Erwin (1871-1904), Susan Washington (b. 1873), Alphonso Calhoun (b. 1874), and Alfred Lee (b. 1876). On 31 December 1888, Avery married Sallie Love Thomas (1862-1954), the daughter of Colonel William Holland Thomas and Sarah Jane Burney Love Thomas of Haywood County, N.C. Avery and Sallie had three children: Lenoir Thomas (b. 1889), Gladys Love (1892-1984), and Edith Calvert (b. 1894).

After serving as a Superior Court judge for ten years, Avery was elected to the North Carolina Supreme Court in 1888. In 1892, Avery also acted as the dean of the law school at Trinity College. Following his retirement from the Supreme Court in 1897, Avery resumed his private law practice and taught law classes in Morganton. In addition to his legal work, Avery also wrote prolifically on legal topics, the Civil War, and western North Carolina history. After struggling with diabetes, Alphonso Calhoun Avery died in Morganton on 13 June 1913.

William Holland Thomas (1805-1893), the only child of Richard Thomas and Temperance Calvert Thomas, was born on 5 February 1805 in Haywood County, N.C., shortly after the death of his father. In 1823, he opened a store in Qualla Town, and, by the end of the decade, he had opened two more stores and acquired large tracts of land. Familiar with the Cherokee language, Thomas befriended Yonaguska, the chief of the North Carolina Cherokee. Thomas studied law and became the attorney for the North Carolina Cherokee, and, in 1839, Yonaguska named Thomas the new chief of the North Carolina Cherokee. Thomas represented the North Carolina Cherokee in Washington, D.C., 1836-1848, working to secure their rights under the Treaty of New Echota of 1835. As a result of his efforts, the United States government officially recognized the Eastern Band of Cherokee in 1848 and granted many of their claims. However, because North Carolina did not allow the Cherokee to sign contracts, Thomas used much of the award money to purchase land for them under his name.

Thomas was an influential figure in Western North Carolina because of his work for the North Carolina Cherokee and his extensive land holdings. He served in the North Carolina Senate, 1849-1861, and was a member of the Committee on Internal Improvements. However, Thomas began to neglect his business affairs, and fell increasingly into debt. In 1857, he married Sarah Jane Burney Love of Haywood County, and the couple had three children: William H. (b. 1858), James R. (b. 1860), and Sallie Love (1862-1954), the second wife of Alphonso Calhoun Avery.

During the Civil War, Thomas served as a colonel in command of the 69th North Carolina Regiment, known as Thomas's Legion. Following the war, Thomas faced increasing financial and personal hardships. He was declared insane in 1867 and spent the remainder of his life in and out of mental hospitals. He died on 10 May 1893 at the state mental hospital in Morganton.

In the decades after the war, almost all of Thomas's land was sold in order to pay his debts. Decades of legal battles ensued, as the courts worked to sort out which lands belonged to whom. Thomas's creditors fought to settle his debts, the Cherokee Indians wanted to gain control of land Thomas had purchased for them in his name, and his heirs sought to protect their rights to his lands. Alphonso Calhoun Avery acted as attorney for the Thomas heirs until his death in 1913, and Charles Walter Tillett, husband of Gladys Avery Tillett, represented the Thomas heirs until his death in 1952.

(Avery family sources: Edward W. Phifer, "Saga of a Burke County Family,"  The North Carolina Historical Review 39 (Summer 1962); William S. Powell, ed., Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, Vol. I, 1979.)

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Personal and professional correspondence, legal papers, financial materials, and other papers of lawyer and judge  Alphonso Calhoun Avery of Burke County, N.C. Professional correspondence concerns Avery's business affairs, legal work, land transactions, politics, his work as dean of the Trinity College Law School, and the various legal and historical publications to which he contributed. Personal correspondence includes letters to and from his first wife, Susan Washington Morrison Avery, and his second wife, Sallie Love Thomas Avery, discussing family affairs. Also included are letters written by Avery's son, Isaac Erwin Avery, from the American Consulate in Shanghai, China, in 1894 and 1895.

Legal and financial papers relate to Avery's professional and personal affairs, which were often interrelated. The legal papers consist of deeds, indentures, surveyors' reports, land plats, powers of attorney, and papers relating to Avery's legal career, including court briefs, summonses, petitions, notes, and other court documents. Financial papers consist of bills, receipts, purchase lists, and account books for Avery, Susan Washington Morrison Avery, and Sallie Love Thomas Avery. Also included are legal and financial papers relating to Western North Carolina Railroad contractors Chambers and Avery and to the estates of Avery's father, Isaac Thomas Avery; Sallie Love Thomas Avery's grandfather, James R. Love; and her uncle, R. G. A. Love.

The collection also contains biographical and genealogical materials; Avery's publications and writings on Civil War and western North Carolina history; and Civil War papers relating to Avery and his brother, Colonel Isaac Erwin Avery. Also included are a recipe book and a household remedy book of Susan M. Avery and volumes containing notes on legal cases, lectures on various legal topics, clippings on the Civil War, and letters on North Carolina troops in the Civil War.

Also in the collection are correspondence and legal papers relating to the land of William Holland Thomas, father of Sallie Love Thomas Avery. Thomas represented the North Carolina Cherokee Indians and acquired vast amounts of land that came under dispute following his financial collapse. Correspondence concerns the Thomas heirs' legal claims to the land, mineral rights, and Cherokee land boundaries. Legal papers relate to the various legal cases concerning the Thomas lands and include indentures, plats, petitions, notes, testimony, and Thomas's power of attorney for the North Carolina Cherokee.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence, 1853-1954.

About 800 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Personal and professional correspondence of Alphonso Calhoun Avery. Professional correspondence concerns Avery's business affairs, legal work, and land transactions. Also included are letters from Josephus Daniels concerning politics and Avery's political campaigns. Correspondence also concerns Avery's work as the dean of the law school at Trinity College and the various legal and historical publications to which he contributed. Personal correspondence includes letters to and from Susan Washington Morrison Avery and Sallie Love Thomas Avery discussing family affairs. Also included are letters written by Avery's son, Isaac Erwin Avery, from the American Consulate in Shanghai, China, in 1894 and 1895, describing his experiences and impressions of China; letters of North Carolina Civil War officers, 1894-1896 discussing their wartime experiences and North Carolina troops; and letters, 1932-1954, about a portrait of Alphonso Calhoun Avery.

Folder 1

Correspondence, 1853-1855 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 1

Folder 2

Correspondence, 1856-1857 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 2

Folder 3

Correspondence, 1858-1859 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 3

Folder 4

Correspondence, 1861-1865 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 4

Folder 5

Correspondence, 1866-1869 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 5

Folder 6

Correspondence, 1870-1875 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 6

Folder 7

Correspondence, 1876 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 7

Folder 8

Correspondence, 1877 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 8

Folder 9

Correspondence, 1878-1879 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 9

Folder 10

Correspondence, 1880-1881 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 10

Folder 11

Correspondence, 1882-1883 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 11

Folder 12

Correspondence, 1884 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 12

Folder 13

Correspondence, 1885 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 13

Folder 14

Correspondence, 1886 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 14

Folder 15

Correspondence, 1887 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 15

Folder 16

Correspondence, 1888 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 16

Folder 17-20

Folder 17

Folder 18

Folder 19

Folder 20

Correspondence, 1889 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 17-20

Folder 21

Correspondence, 1890 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 21

Folder 22

Correspondence, 1891 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 22

Folder 23

Correspondence, 1892 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 23

Folder 24

Correspondence, 1893 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 24

Folder 25-26

Folder 25

Folder 26

Correspondence, 1894 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 25-26

Folder 27

Correspondence, 1895 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 27

Folder 28

Correspondence, 1896 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 28

Folder 29

Correspondence, 1897-1899 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 29

Folder 30

Correspondence, 1900 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 30

Folder 31

Correspondence, 1901 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 31

Folder 32

Correspondence, 1902 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 32

Folder 33

Correspondence, 1903 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 33

Folder 34

Correspondence, 1904 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 34

Folder 35

Correspondence, 1905 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 35

Folder 36

Correspondence, 1906-1907 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 36

Folder 37

Correspondence, 1908-1909 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 37

Folder 38

Correspondence, 1910-1911 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 38

Folder 39

Correspondence, 1913-1915 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 39

Folder 40

Correspondence, 1918-1950 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 40

Folder 41-43

Folder 41

Folder 42

Folder 43

Correspondence, undated #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 41-43

Folder 44-49

Folder 44

Folder 45

Folder 46

Folder 47

Folder 48

Folder 49

Correspondence: Isaac Erwin Avery, 1894-1895 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 44-49

Folder 50-52

Folder 50

Folder 51

Folder 52

Correspondence: North Carolina Civil War Officers, 1894-1896 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 50-52

Folder 53

Correspondence: Judge A. C. Avery Portrait, 1932, 1954 #03456, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1853-1954." Folder 53

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915.

About 1500 items.

Arrangement: by subject, then chronologically.

Legal and financial papers relating to Alphonso Calhoun Avery's professional and personal affairs, which were often interrelated. Legal papers consist of deeds, indentures, surveyors' reports, land plats, powers of attorney, and papers relating to Avery's legal career, including court briefs, summonses, petitions, notes, and other court documents. Financial papers consist of bills, receipts, purchase lists, and account books for Avery; his first wife, Susan Washington Morrison Avery; and his second wife, Sallie Love Thomas Avery. Some materials relate to Avery's political career, including legal documents from the North Carolina Constitutional Convention of 1875. Also included are legal and financial papers relating to the firm Chambers and Avery, contractors for the Western North Carolina Railroad, and the estates of Avery's father, Isaac Thomas Avery; Sallie Love Thomas Avery's grandfather, James R. Love; and her brother, R. G. A. Love.

See the Avery Family of North Carolina Papers (#33) for a Chambers and Avery daybook, 1868-1869.

Folder 54

Legal papers, 1761-1795 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 54

Folder 55

Legal papers, 1804-1818 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 55

Folder 56

Legal papers, 1820-1839 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 56

Folder 57

Legal papers, 1840-1857 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 57

Folder 58

Legal papers, 1861-1863 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 58

Folder 59

Legal papers, 1865 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 59

Folder 60

Legal papers, 1867-1869 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 60

Folder 61

Legal papers, 1870-1872 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 61

Folder 62

Legal papers, 1873 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 62

Folder 63

Legal papers, 1874 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 63

Folder 64

Legal papers, 1875 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 64

Folder 65

Legal papers, 1876 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 65

Folder 66

Legal papers, 1877-1880 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 66

Folder 67

Legal papers, 1881 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 67

Folder 68

Legal papers, 1882 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 68

Folder 69

Legal papers, 1883 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 69

Folder 70

Legal papers, 1884 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 70

Folder 71

Legal papers, 1886 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 71

Folder 72

Legal papers, 1887-1889 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 72

Folder 73

Legal papers, 1890-1893 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 73

Folder 74

Legal papers, 1894-1896 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 74

Folder 75

Legal papers, 1900-1902 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 75

Folder 76

Legal papers, 1903 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 76

Folder 77

Legal papers, 1904 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 77

Folder 78

Legal papers, 1905-1907 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 78

Folder 79

Legal papers, 1909-1915 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 79

Folder 80-87

Folder 80

Folder 81

Folder 82

Folder 83

Folder 84

Folder 85

Folder 86

Folder 87

Legal papers, undated #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 80-87

Folder 88

Financial papers, 1865-1867 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 88

Folder 89

Financial papers, 1868-1870 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 89

Folder 90

Financial papers, 1871-1877 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 90

Folder 91

Financial papers, 1878-1882 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 91

Folder 92

Financial papers, 1883-1887 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 92

Folder 93

Financial papers, 1888-1889 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 93

Folder 94

Financial papers, 1890-1894 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 94

Folder 95

Financial papers, 1895-1897 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 95

Folder 96

Financial papers, 1898-1900 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 96

Folder 97

Financial papers, 1903-1905, 1915 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 97

Folder 98

Financial papers, undated #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 98

Folder 99

Court briefs, 1889-1890 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 99

Folder 100-101

Folder 100

Folder 101

Court briefs, 1891 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 100-101

Folder 102

Court briefs, 1892-1905 and undated #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 102

Folder 103-107

Folder 103

Folder 104

Folder 105

Folder 106

Folder 107

Isaac Thomas Avery: Estate, 1865-1889 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 103-107

Folder 108-113

Folder 108

Folder 109

Folder 110

Folder 111

Folder 112

Folder 113

James R. Love: Land, 1888-1915 and undated #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 108-113

Folder 114-117

Folder 114

Folder 115

Folder 116

Folder 117

R. G. A. Love: Estate, 1910-1912 and undated #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 114-117

Folder 118

Certificates #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 118

Folder 119

Chambers and Avery: Financial papers, 1865, 1867 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 119

Folder 120-135

Folder 120

Folder 121

Folder 122

Folder 123

Folder 124

Folder 125

Folder 126

Folder 127

Folder 128

Folder 129

Folder 130

Folder 131

Folder 132

Folder 133

Folder 134

Folder 135

Chambers and Avery: Financial papers, 1868 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 120-135

Folder 136-141

Folder 136

Folder 137

Folder 138

Folder 139

Folder 140

Folder 141

Chambers and Avery: Financial papers, 1869 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 136-141

Folder 142

Chambers and Avery: Account book, 1867-1869 (see also Volume 3) #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 142

Folder 143

Chambers and Avery: WNCRR estimates, 1869 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 143

Folder 144

Chambers and Avery: Miscellaneous, 1867-1868 and undated #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 144

Folder 145

J. T. Chambers: Financial papers, 1888 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 145

Folder 146

North Carolina Constitutional Convention, 1875 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 146

Folder 147

Political and legal clippings #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 147

Folder 148

Election materials #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 148

Folder 149

Laws and Customs of New Jersey College, 1764 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 149

Folder 150

Undated notes #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 150

Folder 151

Miscellaneous #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 151

Folder 152-154

Folder 152

Folder 153

Folder 154

Alphonso Calhoun Avery: Account book, 1863-1893 and undated #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 152-154

Folder 155

Alphonso Calhoun Avery: Notebook, undated #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 155

Folder 156

Susan Washington Morrison Avery: Account book, 1871-1875 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 156

Folder 157

Sallie Love Thomas Avery: Account book, 1884-1890 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 157

Folder 158

Sallie Love Thomas Avery: Time book, 1899 #03456, Series: "2. Legal and Financial Papers, 1761-1915." Folder 158

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Other Papers, 1861-1913.

About 120 items.

Arrangement: by subject.

Civil War documents, publications and writings, biographical and genealogical materials, and other papers of Alphonso Calhoun Avery. Civil War materials include official letters to Avery and his brother, Colonel Isaac Erwin Avery; receipts; lists; and a contract to mine iron at the Cranberry Forge. Publications by Avery include "Memorial Address on the Life and Character of Lieutenant General D. H. Hill," and "Farthest at Chickamauga." Writings include the "History of the Presbyterian Churches at Quaker Meadows and Morganton," and essays on Burke County, N.C., history, the McDowell family, and other topics. Also included are several undated speeches to various societies and an article on the Carson-Vance duel with a contribution by Avery. Biographical materials include essays, obituaries, and clippings, and the genealogical material relates to the Love family and the Erwin family. Also included are a recipe book and a household remedy book of Susan M. Avery.

Folder 159

Biographical materials #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 159

Folder 160

Obituaries, 1913 #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 160

Folder 161

Picture of delegates at the North Carolina Constitutional Convention of 1875, including Alphonso Calhoun Avery (OP-P-3456) #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 161

Folder 162

Love family: Genealogy #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 162

Folder 163

Erwin family: Genealogy #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 163

Folder 164

Blueprints #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 164

Folder 165-167

Folder 165

Folder 166

Folder 167

Civil War materials, 1861-1865 and undated #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 165-167

Folder 168

Writings: "Memorial Address on the Life and Character of Lieutenant General D. H. Hill" #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 168

Folder 169-170

Folder 169

Folder 170

Writings: "Farthest at Chickamauga" and notes #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 169-170

Folder 171-172

Folder 171

Folder 172

Writings: "History of the Presbyterian Churches at Quaker Meadows and Morganton" and notes #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 171-172

Folder 173

Writings: Burke County history #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 173

Folder 174

Writings: "The McDowell Family in North Carolina and Virginia" #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 174

Folder 175-176

Folder 175

Folder 176

Writings, undated #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 175-176

Folder 177

Speeches #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 177

Folder 178

Carson-Vance Duel #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 178

Folder 179

Susan M. Avery: Recipe book #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 179

Folder 180-181

Folder 180

Folder 181

Susan M. Avery: Household remedy and recipe book #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 180-181

Folder 182

Sallie T. Avery: Poetry #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 182

Folder 183

Clippings #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 183

Folder 184

Programs and bulletins #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 184

Folder 185

Miscellaneous #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 185

Folder 186

Memoriam to Mary Love Stringfield Wulbern #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 186

Folder 187-188

Folder 187

Folder 188

North Carolina Troops in the Civil War #03456, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1861-1913." Folder 187-188

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977.

About 600 items.

Correspondence and legal papers relating to the land of William Howard Thomas and his heirs' legal claims to that land. Correspondence concerns mismanagement of the estate, mineral rights on the Thomas lands, Cherokee land boundaries, the commission Thomas earned for acting on behalf of the Cherokee tribe, and the court case Thomas Heirs v. Tallassee Power Company. Major correspondents include Sallie Love Thomas Avery, James R. Thomas, and Gladys Avery Tillett. Legal papers relate to the various court cases concerning the Thomas land, and include indentures, petitions, notes, testimony, and other court documents. Also included are financial papers relating to the Thomas land claims, plats, a list of property owned by Thomas, and documents granting Thomas the power of attorney for the Cherokee in 1839, 1844, 1848, and 1860. This series also contains biographical materials, publications by Thomas and the Thomas heirs, and publications concerning William Holland Thomas and the North Carolina Cherokee.

Folder 189

Correspondence, 1878, 1889-1890 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 189

Folder 190

Correspondence, 1891-1892 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 190

Folder 191

Correspondence, 1893-1894 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 191

Folder 192

Correspondence, 1895-1899 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 192

Folder 193

Correspondence, 1900-1903 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 193

Folder 194

Correspondence, 1904-1906 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 194

Folder 195

Correspondence, 1907-1914 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 195

Folder 196

Correspondence, 1915-1918 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 196

Folder 197

Correspondence, 1921 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 197

Folder 198

Correspondence, 1922-1923 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 198

Folder 199

Correspondence, 1924-1926 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 199

Folder 200

Correspondence, 1927 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 200

Folder 201

Correspondence, 1928 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 201

Folder 202-205

Folder 202

Folder 203

Folder 204

Folder 205

Correspondence, 1929 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 202-205

Folder 206

Correspondence, 1930-1948 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 206

Folder 207

Correspondence, 1950-1953 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 207

Folder 208

Correspondence, 1954-1959 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 208

Folder 209

Correspondence, 1961-1969 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 209

Folder 210

Correspondence, 1970-1977 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 210

Folder 211

Correspondence, undated #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 211

Folder 212

Legal papers, 1797, 1838-1858 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 212

Folder 213

Legal papers, 1869-1883 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 213

Folder 214

Legal papers, 1890-1892 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 214

Folder 215

Legal papers, 1893-1894 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 215

Folder 216

Legal papers, 1895-1896 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 216

Folder 217

Legal papers, 1897 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 217

Folder 218

Legal papers, 1898 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 218

Folder 219-220

Folder 219

Folder 220

Legal papers, 1899 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 219-220

Folder 221

Legal papers, 1900 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 221

Folder 222-223

Folder 222

Folder 223

Legal papers, 1902 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 222-223

Folder 224

Legal papers, 1903-1905 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 224

Folder 225

Legal papers, 1911 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 225

Folder 226

Legal papers, 1923 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 226

Folder 227-229

Folder 227

Folder 228

Folder 229

Legal papers, undated #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 227-229

Folder 230

Land grants, 1855, 1875 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 230

Folder 231

Cherokee powers of attorney #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 231

Folder 232

List of land in Cherokee County #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 232

Folder 233

Land plats #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 233

Folder 234-238

Folder 234

Folder 235

Folder 236

Folder 237

Folder 238

Testimony #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 234-238

Folder 239

Thomas Heirs v. Tallassee Power Company, 1923-1929 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 239

Folder 240

Camp Creek Methodist Campground #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 240

Folder 241

Financial papers, 1835, 1897-1904 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 241

Folder 242

Published writings #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 242

Folder 243

Thomas Heirs: Writings #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 243

Folder 244

Publication: Cherokee Indians #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 244

Folder 245

Cherokee census, 1892 #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 245

Folder 246

Biographical materials #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 246

Folder 247

Thomas family: Genealogy #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 247

Folder 248

Clippings #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 248

Folder 249

Thomas Heirs: Clippings #03456, Series: "4. William Holland Thomas Papers, 1797-1977." Folder 249

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 5. Volumes, 1867-1897.

16 items.

Volumes compiled by Alphonso Calhoun Avery containing notes on legal cases, lectures on legal topics, clippings on the Civil War, and letters about North Carolina troops in the Civil War. Volumes 5-16 contain a mixture of notes and lectures on legal topics. The notes concern specific cases tried before the North Carolina Supreme Court; most are hastily written and difficult to decipher.

Folder 250

Volume 1: Clippings on Civil War Topics, "Extracts of Letters of Major General Bryan Grimes" (pp. 1-32), clippings from Civil War newspapers (pp. 32-35), " History of Fort Hamby, its capture and destruction, between Wilkesboro and Lenoir, N.C.," by Robert L. Flowers (pp. 36-37). The rest of the volume contains legal notes. #03456, Series: "5. Volumes, 1867-1897." Folder 250

Folder 251

Volume 2: Typed letters addressed to Alphonso Calhoun Avery from 1896 concerning North Carolina troops during the Civil War. Authors include Major W. L. Twitty, J. M. Gallaway, and B. F. White. The beginning of the volume contains legal notes. #03456, Series: "5. Volumes, 1867-1897." Folder 251

Folder 252

Volume 3: Time book of Chambers and Avery, 1867-1869, containing names of laborers, days worked, and wages per day. #03456, Series: "5. Volumes, 1867-1897." Folder 252

Folder 253

Volume 4: Avery's record of cases as an attorney practicing before the North Carolina Superior Court, 1871-1876. The volume is titled The Lawyer's Private Docket, Designed as a Manual of Ready Reference for Attorneys, Solicitors, and Others. #03456, Series: "5. Volumes, 1867-1897." Folder 253

Folder 254

Volume 4: Enclosures #03456, Series: "5. Volumes, 1867-1897." Folder 254

Folder 255

Volume 5: February Term, 1889, contains a mixture of legal notes and lectures on legal topics. #03456, Series: "5. Volumes, 1867-1897." Folder 255

Folder 256

Volume 6: September Term, 1889, contains legal notes. #03456, Series: "5. Volumes, 1867-1897." Folder 256

Folder 257

Volume 7: February Term, 1890, contains legal notes. #03456, Series: "5. Volumes, 1867-1897." Folder 257

Folder 258

Volume 8: September Term, 1890, contains legal notes and lectures on legal topics. #03456, Series: "5. Volumes, 1867-1897." Folder 258

Folder 259

Volume 9: February Term, 1891, contains legal notes and lectures on legal topics. #03456, Series: "5. Volumes, 1867-1897." Folder 259

Folder 260

Volume 9: Enclosures #03456, Series: "5. Volumes, 1867-1897." Folder 260

Folder 261

Volume 10: February Term, 1892, contains legal notes and lectures on legal topics. #03456, Series: "5. Volumes, 1867-1897." Folder 261

Folder 262

Volume 11: February Term, 1894, contains legal notes. #03456, Series: "5. Volumes, 1867-1897." Folder 262

Folder 263

Volume 12: February Term, 1896, contains legal notes. #03456, Series: "5. Volumes, 1867-1897." Folder 263

Folder 264

Volume 12: Enclosures #03456, Series: "5. Volumes, 1867-1897." Folder 264

Folder 265

Volume 13: February Term, (189?), contains legal notes and lectures on legal topics. #03456, Series: "5. Volumes, 1867-1897." Folder 265

Folder 266-268

Folder 266

Folder 267

Folder 268

Volumes 14-16: Undated lectures on legal topics. #03456, Series: "5. Volumes, 1867-1897." Folder 266-268

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Items Separated

Items separated include oversize papers (OP-3456/1-4) and an oversize picture (OP-P-3456).

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