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Collection Number: 04850

Collection Title: Rice C. Ballard Papers, 1822-1888

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Size About 5000 items (15.0 linear feet)
Abstract Rice Carter Ballard (c. 1800-1860) was a slave trader based in Richmond, Va., who worked in partnership with the large slave trading firm of Isaac Franklin and John Armfield in the late 1820s and early 1830s. By the early 1840s, Ballard had settled down as a planter with several plantations in the Mississippi Valley. He married Louise Berthe around 1840 and made his home in Louisville, Ky. Ballard and his wife had three children: Ella (b. 1841), and twins Ann Carter and Charlotte Berthe (b. 1847). The collection includes letters, financial and legal materials, volumes, and other material documenting Rice Ballard's life as a slave trader and planter. Letters include several from Henry Clay about court cases involving the legality of the slave trade and one from Mississippi Governor John Anthony Quitman about payment of a debt. Letters and financial records, 1820s-early 1830s, document day-to-day operations of the interstate slave trade among Ballard in Richmond, Va., John Armfield in Alexandria, Va., and Isaac Franklin in Natchez, Miss., and New Orleans, La. Records, 1840s-1860, document Ballard's administration, in partnership with Judge Samuel S. Boyd, of a number of cotton plantations in Louisiana, Arkansas, and Mississippi, especially Karnac, Magnolia, and Outpost. There are many letters from Boyd, from the overseers at the various places, and from Ballard's cotton commission merchants in New Orleans. Letters discuss the slaves, improvements on the plantations, family life, politics (including especially the Know-Nothing Party), and financial arrangements. Also included are letters to and from Louise Ballard about her life in Louisville, Ky. There are also three letters from slaves, 1847, 1853, and 1854, all from women asking Ballard for help with emancipation or with pending sales of themselves or others. Volumes and other materials in the collection supplement the letters with details of the slave trade, Ballard's other financial activities, and plantation life.
Creator Ballard, Rice C. (Rice Carter), d. 1860.
Language English.
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Rice C. Ballard Papers #4850, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alternate Form of Material
Microfilm copy (filmed 1998) available (does not include volumes 7a or 24a or the addition of April 2004):
  • Reel 1: folders 1-39
  • Reel 2: folders 40-86
  • Reel 3: folders 87-127
  • Reel 4: folders 128-172
  • Reel 5: folders 173-217
  • Reel 6: folders 218-261
  • Reel 7: folders 262-300
  • Reel 8: folders 301-337
  • Reel 9: folders 338-368
  • Reel 10: folders 369-395
  • Reel 11: folders 396-429
  • Reel 12: folders 430-449
  • Reel 13: folders 450-462, OP-4850
Provenance
Received November 1996 (Acc. 96176), January 2001 (Acc. 98841), and April 2004 (Acc. 99778).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Rice Carter Ballard was probably born around 1800 in Virginia. By the late 1820s, he was involved in the interstate slave trade, buying slaves in the southeastern states, especially Virginia and North Carolina, and selling them in New Orleans and Natchez. By 1831, Ballard was involved in a slave trading partnership with Isaac Franklin and John Armfield, who ran one of the largest interstate slave trading operations of the nineteenth century. Ballard moved from Virginia to Natchez in the fall of 1836, and by this time had formed a company called Ballard, Franklin, and Co. in Natchez, which was involved in the slave trade. Ballard was also a partner in his brother's general merchandise company, James Ballard and Co.

Ballard seems to have stopped trading in slaves by the late 1830s, but he was involved in many kinds of financial transactions. By the early 1840s, Ballard was beginning to purchase plantations in Mississippi, Louisiana, and Arkansas in partnership with Judge Samuel S. Boyd of Natchez. He spent the remainder of his life, until his death in 1860, managing these plantations.

Ballard married Louise Berthe of Louisville, Ky., in the spring of 1840. They had three children: Ella Ballard, born in 1841, and twins Ann Carter Ballard and Charlotte Berthe Ballard, born in the fall of 1847. Although his wife and children lived permanently in Louisville, Ballard spent much of his time at the plantations, especially in Mississippi. Many of Ballard's correspondents addressed him as Colonel Ballard, but it is not clear how he got this rank.

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These papers document the career of Rice Carter Ballard as a slave trader and planter from 1822 through his death in 1860. The papers are arranged into series by the type of material, but there are materials concerned with financial and legal matters in the letters series, since many letters discussed financial and legal affairs. Enclosures, including, for example, bills of exchange, have been kept with their letters in cases where the connections between letters and their enclosures were clear.

The division of the letters into subseries roughly reflects Ballard's changing activities in various stages of his life. From 1831 (and in fact before, as the financial series shows) until 1834, Ballard was a slave trader based in Virginia and working in partnership with Isaac Franklin and John Armfield. After 1843, Ballard was primarily a planter, based in Mississippi, Louisiana, and Kentucky. Subseries 1.2, which covers the years from 1835 to 1842, documents what seems to be a transitional period, when most of Ballard's correspondents were his old slave trading partners, but the letters no longer contain the day to day business of the trade. Some letters, including several from Henry Clay, discuss the legality of sales of slaves in Mississippi. This transitional subseries also contains the beginnings of Ballard's life as a planter in the Mississippi Valley, but does not have the preponderance of letters from plantation overseers, commission merchants, and business partner, Samuel S. Boyd, that subseries 1.3 contains. This last subseries, by far the longest, documents Ballard's activities as a planter and the administration of the Wagram, Magnolia, Elcho, Karnac, Laurell Hill, Golden Plains, and Outpost (or Pecan Grove) Plantations. Letters discuss the health and activities of the slaves, the weather and crops, family life, politics (including several references to the Know-Nothings), and financial arrangements. In addition to another letter from Henry Clay, now Ballard's opponent in a Supreme Court case, this subseries contains a letter from and several about John Anthony Quitman, governor of Mississippi. Also included in subseries 1.3 are three letters from slaves, 1847, 1853, and 1854. These letters are all from women slaves asking Ballard for help with emancipation or with pending sales of themselves or others.

The financial series is arranged by year, and documents the same activities described in the letters. There are two folders of legal materials, which are also closely related to the letters and financial records. The series of other papers contains material that did not fit clearly into other series, such as slave lists, medical prescriptions, printed material, and other documentation of plantation life. The volumes series, arranged chronologically by the latest date appearing in each volume, documents the same three rough phases of Ballard's life in account books of slave trading and other financial activities, and detailed plantation journals, especially for Magnolia Plantation.

There are a few items in the collection which were not produced by Ballard and which date from after his death. Letters of 1866 and 1888 and a miscellaneous document describing a trip through Belgium, have no obvious connection to the rest of the collection. One volume, Volume 34, seems to have belonged to Samuel S. Boyd and records plantation-related accounts from the years 1874-1879. Volume 35 contains grocery accounts from 1879-1880 and has no identifying name.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Letters, 1831-1888 and undated.

About 3200 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Letters and enclosures, almost all to Rice C. Ballard, but including a few to other people which were forwarded to Ballard, and a few from Ballard. The letters are largely business correspondence, in the early period related to Ballard's slave trading business, then related to financial transactions and loans in Natchez, Miss., and the surrounding area, then the bulk of the series, which is concerned with Ballard's plantations in Mississippi, Louisiana, and Arkansas, owned jointly with Judge Samuel S. Boyd. There is a great deal of financial material included in the letters, because of the nature of the correspondence and the mixed social and business character of most of Ballard's relationships.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.1. 1831-1834.

About 100 items.

Letters received by Ballard personally and by R. C. Ballard and Co. from Ballard's slave trading partners, Franklin and Armfield, and from Isaac Franklin, his nephew James R. Franklin, and John Armfield personally. Other correspondents include C. M. Rutherford, L. R. Starkes, and Joseph G. Blakey, all of whom seem to be involved in the slave trade. Ballard received most of his mail in Richmond, Va., but occasionally in Warrenton, Miss. Franklin wrote from New Orleans or Natchez, and Armfield wrote from Alexandria. Many of the letters contain notes of exchange for thousands of dollars. There is one letter from Ballard to Isaac Franklin about a business misunderstanding, dated 7 September 1832, and another from Ballard to Franklin dated 2 December 1832.

These letters discuss financial, legal, and practical aspects of the interstate slave trade. They contain instructions for when to buy and sell in Alexandria, discussion of the effect of the price of cotton on the price of slaves, reports of prices, and attitudes of the planters to the traders. In the first letter in the subseries, dated 28 February 1831 from New Orleans, Isaac Franklin expressed his anxiety about the future of the trade since the state legislatures of Louisiana and Mississippi were debating trying to close the interstate trade. "I will have a petition tomorrow before the house for our relief--should that fail god knows what will be the consequence. I will do the best I can for all concerned & if nothing better can be done I will declare myself a citizen of the state. I am much depressed & if we have to rely entirely on the Mississippi market we have more in this shipment than can be sold to advantage." On 8 December 1832, Isaac Franklin wrote Ballard from Natchez about a cholera outbreak, and described how they were sneaking dead slaves out of the slave yard at night so potential customers wouldn't know that there had been cholera among them. There are several letters which mention "fancy girls" and the prices they'll bring (1 November 1833 from Isaac Franklin); one mentions establishing a whore house (11 January 1834 from James Franklin.) Starting in June of 1834, Ballard received a number of letters from Joseph G. Blakey, which begin with receipts for money "to be paid out in negroes or returned on demand." On 27 November 1832, Ballard was sent an advertisement for a Louisiana sugar plantation.

Folder 1

28 February-3 June 1831 #04850, Subseries: "1.1. 1831-1834. " Folder 1

Folder 2

23 July-30 October 1831 #04850, Subseries: "1.1. 1831-1834. " Folder 2

Folder 3

10 November-14 December 1831 #04850, Subseries: "1.1. 1831-1834. " Folder 3

Folder 4

January 1832 #04850, Subseries: "1.1. 1831-1834. " Folder 4

Folder 5

February March 1832 #04850, Subseries: "1.1. 1831-1834. " Folder 5

Folder 6

April-May 1832 #04850, Subseries: "1.1. 1831-1834. " Folder 6

Folder 7

June-September 1832 #04850, Subseries: "1.1. 1831-1834. " Folder 7

Folder 8

October-11 December 1832 #04850, Subseries: "1.1. 1831-1834. " Folder 8

Folder 9

14-31 December 1832 #04850, Subseries: "1.1. 1831-1834. " Folder 9

Folder 10

January-March 1833 #04850, Subseries: "1.1. 1831-1834. " Folder 10

Folder 11

April-October 1833 #04850, Subseries: "1.1. 1831-1834. " Folder 11

Folder 12

November-December 1833 #04850, Subseries: "1.1. 1831-1834. " Folder 12

Folder 13

January-March 1834 #04850, Subseries: "1.1. 1831-1834. " Folder 13

Folder 14

April-May 1834 #04850, Subseries: "1.1. 1831-1834. " Folder 14

Folder 15

June-September 1834 #04850, Subseries: "1.1. 1831-1834. " Folder 15

Folder 16

October and undated 1834 #04850, Subseries: "1.1. 1831-1834. " Folder 16

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.2. 1835-1842.

About 400 items.

Letters from the period of Ballard's transition from slave trader to planter. Many of the letters in this subseries are from the same correspondents who wrote Ballard earlier in his career, but the letters are more social and most are not obviously concerned with an active slave trade. There are a number of letters from individuals such as Catherine Prince requesting loans of money, and many more concerned with money lent to and owed by others. Ballard began the year 1836 in Alexandria, Va., but around September of that year he seems to have left Virginia permanently, and began to receive his mail in Natchez, Miss. There are very few letters from 1835, 1836, and 1837, and it is difficult to tell exactly how Ballard spent most of his time. By 13 May 1840, Ballard had received his first letter from Samuel S. Boyd, the judge who was to become Ballard's close friend and partner in plantation ownership. By the fall of 1840, Ballard began to receive letters from cotton commission merchants, especially Albert G. Nalle of William R. Glover & Co. of New Orleans. The cotton sales on which Nalle reports are from Brushy Bayou Plantation; it seems that this plantation belonged to Philip Burris and its cotton was being sold to pay a debt of Burris to Ballard.

One of the main topics discussed in letters of the late 1830s and early 1840s is the possibility that slave traders will lose money on the sales of slaves purchased in Mississippi after 1833 if the Supreme Court of the United States decides that those sales were null and void. See letter from Bacon Tait to Thomas Boudar, 1 January 1840. Tait wrote to Ballard on 3 January 1840 commenting on the Mississippi federal court case Hickman v. Rose related to this subject and predicting the dissolution of the Union based on a possible Supreme Court decision that slaves were not property. There are two letters from Henry Clay in the summer of 1841 on this subject. On 23 June 1841, Clay wrote to Ballard demanding his contingent fee because the United States Supreme Court decided the case of Groves v. Slaughter as Ballard wished. "So confident am I on this point, that, I would have no hesitation to agree to refund the money if the Court should hereafter change their decision as to the responsibility of purchasers of Slaves in Mississippi." Then on 6 July 1841, Clay wrote again reaffirming his conviction that the Supreme Court of Mississippi can do nothing to influence the decision of the U.S. Supreme Court.

Correspondents in this subseries include Bacon Tait, who wrote lively letters from Virginia; Isaac Franklin; John Armfield; Henry H. Pease, who wrote on 8 January 1838 that Robert Stevens wouldn't pay short of a suit (see the legal series for more on this suit); Joseph Alsop, who wrote on 22 October 1839 about Lewis Rawlings guardianship (see the legal series for more); R. W. Schooler; commission merchants William R. Glover and Dupuy, Tate and Nalle; Philip Burris; Edward Moore; Catherine Prince; Samuel S. Boyd; and A. Stampley, the overseer on Quattleburn Plantation.

Folder 17

April-August 1835 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 17

Folder 18

August-October 1836 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 18

Folder 19

February-March 1837 and undated 1837 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 19

Folder 20

January 1838 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 20

Folder 21

February 1838 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 21

Folder 22

March 1838 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 22

Folder 23

April 1838 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 23

Folder 24

May-September 1838 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 24

Folder 25

October-December 1838 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 25

Folder 26

January-April 1839 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 26

Folder 27

May-July 1839 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 27

Folder 28

August-September 1839 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 28

Folder 29

October-December 1839 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 29

Folder 30

[1830s?] #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 30

Folder 31

January-February 1840 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 31

Folder 32

March 1840 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 32

Folder 33

April 1840 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 33

Folder 34

May 1840 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 34

Folder 35

June-September 1840 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 35

Folder 36

October 1840 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 36

Folder 37

November 1840 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 37

Folder 38

December 1840 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 38

Folder 39

January-March 1841 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 39

Folder 40

April 1841 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 40

Folder 41

May 1841 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 41

Folder 42

June-August 1841 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 42

Folder 43

September-October 1841 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 43

Folder 44

November-December 1841 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 44

Folder 45

January 1842 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 45

Folder 46

February 1842 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 46

Folder 47

March 1842 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 47

Folder 48

April 1842 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 48

Folder 49

4-20 May 1842 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 49

Folder 50

23-31 May 1842 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 50

Folder 51

June 1842 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 51

Folder 52

July 1842 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 52

Folder 53

1-15 August 1842 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 53

Folder 54

20-29 August 1842 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 54

Folder 55

September 1842 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 55

Folder 56

October-8 December 1842 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 56

Folder 57

15-31 December 1842 #04850, Subseries: "1.2. 1835-1842. " Folder 57

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888.

About 2700 items.

Letters from the overseers at the Mississippi, Louisiana, and Arkansas plantations owned jointly by Ballard and Samuel S. Boyd: Magnolia, Wagram, Karnac, Outpost, Pecan Grove, and Elcho. The overseers' letters report on the progress of planting and picking, the weather, height of the Mississippi river and state of the levees, the health of the slaves, and improvements being made on the places. There are also many letters from Boyd concerned with the management of these plantations and general news of the Natchez region, requests for Ballard to find horses for Boyd, and especially in the late 1850s and 1860, much discussion of health. Ballard got regular updates from his commission merchants in New Orleans: in 1843, Dupuy Tate and Nalle; from 1844 to 1850, Nalle and Cox; from 1850 to 1854, Nalle Cox and Co.; from 1854 to 1856, Cox, Gillis, and Boyd (James Boyd, a brother of Samuel Boyd); and from 1857 to 1860, W. Cox and Co. From the commission merchants, Ballard received receipts for cotton, notices of shipments of goods to the plantations, news of the state of the cotton market, and social and general news of New Orleans. Ballard also received letters from pork merchants in Louisville, Ky., especially Adams and Anderson.

Friends and relatives in Louisville, including Ballard's wife Louise and children, Ella, Ann, and Charlotte, wrote occasionally when Ballard was in Mississippi at the plantations. They wrote of the health of their friends, the pork packing industry in Louisville (see, for instance, W. H. Sparke's letter of 17 December 1857), and some current events. W. A. Ellis wrote on 2 May 1858 about a wave of religious enthusiasm sweeping Louisville, but reassured Ballard that his wife and children appear to be untouched by it.

Ballard's wife Louise wrote about the health of the children and social news of Louisville, and requested money for her household. When the children learned to read, they too wrote occasionally. Ella went to the Franklin Female Institute near Frankfort, Ky. in the mid 1850s, and in 1859 rumors were afoot that Ella was about to make an improper engagement. W. Cox warned Ballard on 22 March 1859; Ella replied to a letter from Ballard about it on 2 April 1859. There are comparatively few letters from Ballard's family. Ballard received updates on his family, especially from W. A. Ellis in Louisville. In May 1852, Ballard received several letters suggesting that he spend more time in Louisville because his wife was being led astray by false friends. On 1 March 1857, Ellis wrote sympathizing with Ballard's domestic worries, and implying that Louise was drinking heavily. "...Your dear children I feel for very much. Were it not for them matters could be remidied much easier, and the older they get the worse it is for them as they are more liable to be injured by the wickedness of an unnatural Mother."

There are several letters about Henry Clay and another from him, related to a case in which Clay opposed Ballard in the Supreme Court of Louisiana. Dupuy, Tate, and Nalle mentioned the case in a letter of 2 June 1843. Clay wrote Ballard on 4 July 1844 to report that the Court had decided the suit in Clay's favor and that Ballard owed Clay $4000.

Ballard was involved in some kind of financial deal with John Anthony Quitman (1798-1858), Governor of Mississippi for a term of less than a year, beginning 10 January 1850. (See the Dictionary of American Biography .) Quitman wrote Ballard on 1 February 1851, and Nalle, Cox, & Co. wrote on 9 February 1852 that Quitman had paid $10,000 that day to Ballard's credit.

This subseries has many letters interesting for the insight they provide into slavery. On 20 March 1844 Ballard received a letter about removing a slave named Maria and her daughter, who were living with Boyd and about whom the writer, J. M. Duffield, was very concerned. Another letter of 29 May 1848 from Duffield urged Ballard to save Maria who was being whipped nearly to death. Duffield wanted to buy her before she was killed, and said that her "unfortunate child" has already been sent North to be brought up, educated, and reside forever. On 2 April 1853, Boyd wrote Ballard about the will of a man named Baldwin who had attempted to free his slaves and send them to Liberia, but Boyd reported that the will would soon be overturned and they should be able to buy the slaves cheap. [?] Crutchfield of Louisville writes on 23 February 1856: "Big Lewis made a pleasure trip to Canada about the 2nd of January last--and has forgot to come back--the river being frozen over so long has afforded an opportunity for a great number of slaves to leave Ky. You will see by our police reports--that we have one of the agents--for the under-ground Rail Road in limbo and will give him the extent of the law i suppose (which is 2 years in the State Penitentiary)--I wish now that I had sold Lewis to you last fall when I found that he was gone I immediately sold his wife and children to Alterburn and will bring all the ballance of my negroes down with me..."

Most of the letters from the plantation overseers comment on the lives of the slaves-especially their work, health, and punishments. On 4 January 1860, Henry C. Buckner reported to Ballard, "Miles left Monday morning abut sun up. I went to correct him & he struck me with his ax and would of killed me if I had not of goten out of his way I tride to shoot him but my pistole would not shoot."

A letter of 1 December 1853 from Nalle & Cox to the slave trader, C. M. Rutherford, includes an itemized list of life insurance policies for slaves. A letter to Ballard from P. B. January written on 29 November 1854 requests information about the history of a "yellow woman" purchased from Ballard some time ago by the writer's uncle; a state legislature decided that this woman was born free, kidnapped and sold into slavery, and should now have the rights of a free born person. Palmer, an overseer, wrote on 20 December 1859 begging forgiveness and mercy for "Poor Priscilla and Betty," asking Ballard not to sell them, or to let Palmer buy them. It seems that Betty may be the child of Priscilla and Palmer.

The series contains three letters from slaves. Lucile Tucker wrote on 25 June 1847 about sending a power of attorney to someone who can emancipate her without her going to New Orleans from Georgia to meet Ballard, "for life you know is very uncertain and you might die before I can see you." On 6 May 1853, the pregnant Virginia wrote Ballard from a slave trader's yard in Texas begging for his intervention and help to prevent her sale. This letter is particularly poignant because of Virginia's condemnation of a man (apparently not Ballard; perhaps Boyd) who could sell his own children as well as their mother. A letter of 8 August 1853 from the slave trader, C. M. Rutherford, reports that the slave Virginia and one of her children had been sold but that her oldest child had not. On 22 October 1854, Delia wrote (presumably to Ballard, although the recipient is not named) asking him to buy her husband.

There are a few letters from Ballard's old slave trading partners in this subseries, mostly social, but a few related to business. On 4 January 1856, John Armfield wrote for Ballard to meet him in New Orleans "when I will pay you your ballance and I hope for ever close our old firm." Armfield wrote again on 29 August 1859, mainly about their advancing age and failing health. Joseph Alsop wrote on 7 April 1860 to tell Ballard about Alsop's father's death, and giving a description of the new businesses in Fredricksburg, Va., and the prospects for the city's future.

Ballard's correspondents occasionally remarked on the political scene, both in the United States and abroad. For instance, Joseph Alsop asked in a letter of 29 January 1847, "What think you of Mr. Polk and his Mexican war? Has it not cooled your Democracy a little?" Samuel Boyd wrote in a letter of 31 August 1848, "We are all for Taylor here. How is it with you?" W. A. Ellis wrote on 16 November 1850 about "the great compromise scheme that was passed by the last Congress," and the possibility of a dissolution of the Union. There are a number of references to the Know-Nothings. Ellis wrote on 30 May 1858, "We have no news here. The Democrats seem to be disposed to organize and try and dislodge the K.N.'s from their stronghold. It can be done if managed properly and we get to our work as in days of old." The letters of W. Cox to W. H. Johnson of 3 June 1858 and of W. H. Johnson to Ballard of 15 June 1858 describe election-related disturbances in New Orleans. Johnson wrote, "Some of the most famous among the Thugs have been arrested, but have been immediately bailed out by the leading Know Nothings..." See also the "Know-Nothing Resolutions" in the miscellaneous series (folder 413).

International events appear in the letters mainly in relation to their expected effect on the price of cotton. Thus, W. Cox wrote on 24 July 1859, "The news from Europe is very gratifying--I hope the worst is now over & that cotton will improve as the season advances. All we want is peace but I fear we shall not be gratified until that villain Louis Napoleon is put down. But who will draw the lions teeth & cut off his claws?"

Another topic that appears occasionally in the collection is homeopathic medicine, of which Ballard was an advocate, especially in the spring and summer of 1858. On 9 June 1858, S. P. Johnson wrote to Ballard that he could not subscribe to or prescribe from the homeopathic doctrine. On 10 July 1858 a homeopathic doctor wrote to Ballard, "Understanding that you employ a Homeopathic Physician on your Estates in La. and that you have none at present, I wish to tender my services in that capacity." On 29 August 1858, the overseer at Lapine Plantation wrote to Samuel Boyd listing needed medical supplies, and added, "I cant brake the chills on these people with homeopathy I hav tride suffishantly." There are other examples in the collection; see for instance 25 January 1858 for another letter from a homeopathic doctor looking for a place to practice.

The two last letters in the collection, those dated 11 April 1866 and 12 October 1888, have no obvious relationship to the rest of Ballard's papers.

Folder 58

January 1843 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 58

Folder 59

February-March 1843 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 59

Folder 60

April-May 1843 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 60

Folder 61

June 1843 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 61

Folder 62

July 1843 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 62

Folder 63

August 1843 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 63

Folder 64

September 1843 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 64

Folder 65

October 1843 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 65

Folder 66

November 1843 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 66

Folder 67

December 1843 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 67

Folder 68

January 1844 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 68

Folder 69

February 1844 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 69

Folder 70

March 1844 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 70

Folder 71

1-12 April 1844 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 71

Folder 72

18-30 April 1844 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 72

Folder 73

May 1844 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 73

Folder 74

June 1844 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 74

Folder 75

July 1844 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 75

Folder 76

August 1844 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 76

Folder 77

September 1844 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 77

Folder 78

October 1844 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 78

Folder 79

November 1844 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 79

Folder 80

6-16 December 1844 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 80

Folder 81

17-30 December 1844 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 81

Folder 82

January 1845 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 82

Folder 83

3-5 February 1845 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 83

Folder 84

10-26 February 1845 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 84

Folder 85

March 1845 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 85

Folder 86

April 1845 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 86

Folder 87

May 1845 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 87

Folder 88

June 1845 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 88

Folder 89

July 1845 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 89

Folder 90

August 1845 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 90

Folder 91

September 1845 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 91

Folder 92

October 1845 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 92

Folder 93

November 1845 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 93

Folder 94

December 1845 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 94

Folder 95

January 1846 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 95

Folder 96

February 1846 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 96

Folder 97

2-12 March 1846 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 97

Folder 98

13-27 March 1846 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 98

Folder 99

4-13 April 1846 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 99

Folder 100

16-29 April 1846 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 100

Folder 101

4-14 May 1846 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 101

Folder 102

16-31 May 1846 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 102

Folder 103

1-10 June 1846 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 103

Folder 104

12-29 June 1846 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 104

Folder 105

2-19 July 1846 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 105

Folder 106

22-31 July 1846 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 106

Folder 107

1 August, 5 November, 8 December 1846 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 107

Folder 108

January 1847 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 108

Folder 109

February 1847 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 109

Folder 110

April 1847 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 110

Folder 111

May 1847 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 111

Folder 112

2-14 June 1847 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 112

Folder 113

18-26 June 1847 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 113

Folder 114

1-22 July 1847 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 114

Folder 115

23-30 July 1847 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 115

Folder 116

1-12 August 1847 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 116

Folder 117

16-28 August 1847 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 117

Folder 118

September 1847 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 118

Folder 119

October 1847 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 119

Folder 120

November 1847 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 120

Folder 121

December 1847 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 121

Folder 122

January 1848 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 122

Folder 123

February 1848 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 123

Folder 124

March 1848 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 124

Folder 125

April 1848 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 125

Folder 126

2-20 May 1848 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 126

Folder 127

21-30 May 1848 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 127

Folder 128

1-16 June 1848 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 128

Folder 129

17-30 June 1848 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 129

Folder 130

July 1848 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 130

Folder 131

4-12 August 1848 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 131

Folder 132

15-31 August 1848 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 132

Folder 133

September 1848 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 133

Folder 134

October-November 1848 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 134

Folder 135

December 1848 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 135

Folder 136

January 1849 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 136

Folder 137

February 1849 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 137

Folder 138

March 1849 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 138

Folder 139

April 1849 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 139

Folder 140

May 1849 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 140

Folder 141

July-August 1849 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 141

Folder 142

September 1849 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 142

Folder 143

October 1849 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 143

Folder 144

November 1849 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 144

Folder 145

December 1849 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 145

Folder 146

January 1850 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 146

Folder 147

February 1850 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 147

Folder 148

1-15 March 1850 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 148

Folder 149

18-30 March 1850 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 149

Folder 150

8-14 April 1850 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 150

Folder 151

16-28 April 1850 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 151

Folder 152

2-15 May 1850 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 152

Folder 153

18-30 May 1850 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 153

Folder 154

2-18 June 1850 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 154

Folder 155

20-30 June 1850 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 155

Folder 156

July-August 1850 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 156

Folder 157

September 1850 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 157

Folder 158

October 1850 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 158

Folder 159

November 1850 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 159

Folder 160

2-16 December 1850 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 160

Folder 161

18-31 December 1850 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 161

Folder 162

Undated [ca. 1849-1850?] #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 162

Folder 163

[1844-1850?] undated--from Nalle & Cox #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 163

Folder 164

January 1851 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 164

Folder 165

February 1851 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 165

Folder 166

March 1851 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 166

Folder 167

April 1851 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 167

Folder 168

June-August (none from July) 1851 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 168

Folder 169

20, 27 September 18511851 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 169

Folder 170

October 1851 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 170

Folder 171

November 1851 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 171

Folder 172

December and [? 1851] #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 172

Folder 173

January-February 1852 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 173

Folder 174

March 1852 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 174

Folder 175

April 1852 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 175

Folder 176

6-15 May 1852 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 176

Folder 177

16-31 May 1852 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 177

Folder 178

June 1852 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 178

Folder 179

September-October 1852 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 179

Folder 180

3-12 November 1852 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 180

Folder 181

15-30 November 1852 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 181

Folder 182

1-16 December 1852 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 182

Folder 183

17-30 December 1852 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 183

Folder 184

1-14 January 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 184

Folder 185

15-30 January 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 185

Folder 186

3-16 February 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 186

Folder 187

17-27 February 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 187

Folder 188

March 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 188

Folder 189

1-15 April 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 189

Folder 190

16-30 April 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 190

Folder 191

6-20 May 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 191

Folder 192

21-30 May 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 192

Folder 193

2 June 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 193

Folder 194

1-13 July 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 194

Folder 195

16-31 July 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 195

Folder 196

2-10 August 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 196

Folder 197

12-22 August 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 197

Folder 198

17 September 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 198

Folder 199

2 October 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 199

Folder 200

8 November 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 200

Folder 201

1-9 December 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 201

Folder 202

13-16 December 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 202

Folder 203

17-24 December 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 203

Folder 204

26-29 December 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 204

Folder 205

Undated 1853 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 205

Folder 206

2-16 January 1854 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 206

Folder 207

17-31 January 1854 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 207

Folder 208

1-13 February 1854 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 208

Folder 209

15-24 February 1854 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 209

Folder 210

3-12 March 1854 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 210

Folder 211

15-31 March 1854 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 211

Folder 212

1-14 April 1854 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 212

Folder 213

19-29 April 1854 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 213

Folder 214

2-8 June 1854 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 214

Folder 215

5-28 September 1854 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 215

Folder 216

3-19 October 1854 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 216

Folder 217

21-28 October 1854 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 217

Folder 218

2-11 November 1854 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 218

Folder 219

13-29 November 1854 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 219

Folder 220

1-15 December 1854 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 220

Folder 221

16-31 December 1854 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 221

Folder 222

[1854?] #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 222

Folder 223

[1850-1854?] undated, from Nalle, Cox, & Co. #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 223

Folder 224

3-13 January 1855 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 224

Folder 225

16-30 January 1855 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 225

Folder 226

1-14 February 1855 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 226

Folder 227

15-28 February 1855 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 227

Folder 228

1-14 March 1855 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 228

Folder 229

15-29 March 1855 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 229

Folder 230

1-15 April 1855 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 230

Folder 231

16-30 April 1855 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 231

Folder 232

4-15 June 1855 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 232

Folder 233

25-19 August 1855 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 233

Folder 234

11-25 September 1855 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 234

Folder 235

15-28 October 1855 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 235

Folder 236

November 1855 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 236

Folder 237

December 1855 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 237

Folder 238

1-10 January 1856 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 238

Folder 239

12-30 January 1856 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 239

Folder 240

February 1856 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 240

Folder 241

March 1856 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 241

Folder 242

April 1856 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 242

Folder 243

May 1856 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 243

Folder 244

October 1856 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 244

Folder 245

10-23 November 1856 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 245

Folder 246

25-29 November 1856 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 246

Folder 247

1-11 December 1856 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 247

Folder 248

14-30 December 1856 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 248

Folder 249

[1856?] #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 249

Folder 250

[1854-1856?] undated, from Cox, Gillis, & Boyd #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 250

Folder 251

January 1857 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 251

Folder 252

5-19 February 1857 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 252

Folder 253

21-28 February 1857 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 253

Folder 254

1-10 March 1857 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 254

Folder 255

12-30 March 1857 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 255

Folder 256

1-17 April 1857 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 256

Folder 257

18-28 April 1857 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 257

Folder 258

May-June 1857 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 258

Folder 259

August-September 1857 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 259

Folder 260

8-18 October 1857 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 260

Folder 261

23-31 October 1857 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 261

Folder 262

2-14 November 1857 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 262

Folder 263

15-30 November 1857 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 263

Folder 264

1-12 December 1857 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 264

Folder 265

13-19 December 1857 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 265

Folder 266

20-30 December 1857 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 266

Folder 267

2-10 January 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 267

Folder 268

11-20 January 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 268

Folder 269

21-30 January 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 269

Folder 270

2-10 February 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 270

Folder 271

11-28 February 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 271

Folder 272

2-14 March 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 272

Folder 273

15-22 March 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 273

Folder 274

23-31 March 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 274

Folder 275

1-12 April 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 275

Folder 276

14-24 April 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 276

Folder 277

25-30 April 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 277

Folder 278

10 May 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 278

Folder 279

12-21 May 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 279

Folder 280

22-31 May 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 280

Folder 281

1-9 June 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 281

Folder 282

10-17 June 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 282

Folder 283

18-28 June 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 283

Folder 284

2-22 July 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 284

Folder 285

24-31 July 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 285

Folder 286

4-12 August 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 286

Folder 287

15-20 August 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 287

Folder 288

22-29 August 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 288

Folder 289

1-11 September 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 289

Folder 290

12-29 September 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 290

Folder 291

1-10 October 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 291

Folder 292

11-30 October 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 292

Folder 293

4-29 November 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 293

Folder 294

1-16 December 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 294

Folder 295

17-24 December 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 295

Folder 296

25-31 December 1858 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 296

Folder 297

[? 1858] #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 297

Folder 298

1-12 January 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 298

Folder 299

13-21 January 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 299

Folder 300

22-31 January 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 300

Folder 301

1-14 February 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 301

Folder 302

16-27 February 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 302

Folder 303

3-10 March 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 303

Folder 304

11-29 March 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 304

Folder 305

1-10 April 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 305

Folder 306

11-30 April 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 306

Folder 307

May 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 307

Folder 308

1-15 June 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 308

Folder 309

16-26 June 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 309

Folder 310

1-15 July 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 310

Folder 311

19-31 July 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 311

Folder 312

1-16 August 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 312

Folder 313

22-30 August 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 313

Folder 314

1-9 September 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 314

Folder 315

12-27 September 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 315

Folder 316

5-20 October 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 316

Folder 317

23-31 October 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 317

Folder 318

4-9 November 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 318

Folder 319

11-27 November 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 319

Folder 320

1-15 December 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 320

Folder 321

16-30 December 1859 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 321

Folder 322

1-13 January 1860 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 322

Folder 323

15-29 January 1860 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 323

Folder 324

1-7 February 1860 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 324

Folder 325

10-27 February 1860 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 325

Folder 326

1-11 March 1860 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 326

Folder 327

15-30 March 1860 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 327

Folder 328

2-12 April 1860 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 328

Folder 329

13-30 April 1860 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 329

Folder 330

[1857-1860?] undated, from W. Cox & ; Co. #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 330

Folder 331

11 April 1866, 12 October 1888 #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 331

Folder 332

Undated from J.H. Lacy, Elk Plantation overseer #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 332

Folder 333-337

Folder 333

Folder 334

Folder 335

Folder 336

Folder 337

Undated #04850, Subseries: "1.3. 1843-1860, 1866, 1888. " Folder 333-337

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated.

About 1600 items.

Arrangement: chronological, grouped by year, but unordered within years.

Receipts, notes, accounts, bills, calculations, legal statements of debt, and other financial materials from Ballard's career as a slave trader and a planter, and from his private life. The materials from the 1820s and 1830s document Ballard's activities in the slave trade; materials from the 1840s and 1850s are primarily concerned with plantation business and Ballard's frequent loans of money to his acquaintances. In 1833, Nathaniel White gave Ballard a number of receipts for money he was given to use in the purchase of slaves. The individual plantations had their own accounts with Ballard's New Orleans commission merchants, Nalle and Cox (later Nalle, Cox, and Co., and W. Cox and Co.), detailed records of which exist for much of the 1840s through 1855. Some years are much better documented than others; there is relatively little from the years 1856-1860 compared to the abundance of records from the 1840s and early 1850s. There are some interesting documents in the undated folders, including a list of the titles and prices of books purchased and "a memorandum for the negroes" which appears to be payments made to slaves for their personal poultry.

Folder 338

1822, 1828, 1829 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 338

Folder 339

1831 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 339

Folder 340

1832 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 340

Folder 341

1833 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 341

Folder 342-343

Folder 342

Folder 343

1834 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 342-343

Folder 344

1835 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 344

Folder 345

1836 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 345

Folder 346

1837 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 346

Folder 347

1838 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 347

Folder 348

1839 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 348

Folder 349-351

Folder 349

Folder 350

Folder 351

1840 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 349-351

Folder 352-355

Folder 352

Folder 353

Folder 354

Folder 355

1841 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 352-355

Folder 356-357

Folder 356

Folder 357

1842 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 356-357

Folder 358-361

Folder 358

Folder 359

Folder 360

Folder 361

1843 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 358-361

Folder 362-365

Folder 362

Folder 363

Folder 364

Folder 365

1844 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 362-365

Folder 366-368

Folder 366

Folder 367

Folder 368

1845 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 366-368

Folder 369-370

Folder 369

Folder 370

1846 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 369-370

Folder 371-372

Folder 371

Folder 372

1847 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 371-372

Folder 373-374

Folder 373

Folder 374

1848 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 373-374

Folder 375-377

Folder 375

Folder 376

Folder 377

1849 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 375-377

Folder 378-379

Folder 378

Folder 379

1850 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 378-379

Folder 380-383

Folder 380

Folder 381

Folder 382

Folder 383

1851 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 380-383

Folder 384-387

Folder 384

Folder 385

Folder 386

Folder 387

1852 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 384-387

Folder 388-392

Folder 388

Folder 389

Folder 390

Folder 391

Folder 392

1853 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 388-392

Folder 393-395

Folder 393

Folder 394

Folder 395

1854 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 393-395

Folder 396-397

Folder 396

Folder 397

1855 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 396-397

Folder 398

1856 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 398

Folder 399

1857 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 399

Folder 400-401

Folder 400

Folder 401

1858 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 400-401

Folder 402

1859 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 402

Folder 403

1860 #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 403

Folder 404-405

Folder 404

Folder 405

Undated #04850, Series: "2. Financial Materials, 1822-1860 and undated. " Folder 404-405

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Legal Materials, 1837-1860.

18 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Legal materials, including court judgments and opinions, contracts and other agreements, summonses, a will, and other materials, mainly from Mississippi, Kentucky, and Virginia. There is closely related material in other series, especially letters and volumes. See especially the enclosures in the volumes series, where there are other contracts between Franklin, Armfield, and Ballard.

Folder 406

1837-1839 #04850, Series: "3. Legal Materials, 1837-1860. " Folder 406

(7 items).

"R. C. Ballard's answers to the interrogatories of Mr.James Wilkins ofVirginia filed January 1st 1837," concerning payment for shaving and haircutting. James Berthe v Blanten and Bolls, 1838, Superior Court of Chancery of the State of Miss. orders Isaac Franklin, Rice C. Ballard and John Armfield to desist from further proceedings at law against Robert Stephens; copy of Supreme Court of the U.S. opinion given January term 1841 in case of Moses Groves and James Graham vs. Robert Slaughter concerning legality of sale of slaves in Mississippi in 1835-1836; document making Lewis Rawlings the legal guardian of Mary and Malvina Pendleton with note on back promising to pay Ballard $1000 dollars in their behalf; 1839 appointment of R. C. Ballard to act as agent for dissolved James Ballard and Co. closing its affairs.

Folder 407

1840-1860. #04850, Series: "3. Legal Materials, 1837-1860. " Folder 407

(11 items).

Two orders, 1840, to sheriff of Adams Co., Miss., concerning suit of James Ballard and Co. and others by the Agricultural Bank of Mississippi; 1842 last will and testament of William Cotton in which he emancipates "my mulatto woman Susan and my servant man Jba in consideration of the faithful service they have rendered; " 1842 statement of Ballard and Samuel S. Boyd's partnership in Magnolia Plantation; 1843 contract between Ballard as trustee and William H. Dickson (or Dixon) for services as overseer on Golden Plains and Quattlebaum Plantations; judgment of Circuit Court of Southern District of Miss. in case of Ballard vs. Henry Turner ; various notices to Ballard concerning requisitions for roads and levees; and a March 1860 summons to jury duty.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Other Papers, 1842-1860 and undated.

About 70 items.

Arrangement: topical.

Assortment of material, most obviously related to Ballard's plantations or business, others somewhat mysterious (the last folder in the series, for example, contains a long description of a trip in Belgium, the author and date of which are unknown). Materials that are closely related to each other are grouped together, such as slave lists and medical materials. Papers that seemed to be primarily lists of slaves, even if they contained other information, are in the first two folders. Researchers should bear in mind that the financial materials series contains many more lists of slaves in the context of sales, and the volumes series contains slave lists in R. C. Ballard and Co.'s slave trading accounts and in many of the plantation journals. Of particular interest in this series is the "Know-Nothing Resolution the counsel of Louisville would not Entertain" in folder 413.

Folder 408-409

Folder 408

Folder 409

Slave lists. 22 lists in all. #04850, Series: "4. Other Papers, 1842-1860 and undated. " Folder 408-409

Many include prices, some list ages, some give a statement of purpose, such as "Memorandom of Negroes, that went to Judg Boyds from Golden Plains." Some are records of sales; few are dated.

Folder 410

Prescriptions and other medical advice. #04850, Series: "4. Other Papers, 1842-1860 and undated. " Folder 410

(6 items).

Folder 411

Printed material. #04850, Series: "4. Other Papers, 1842-1860 and undated. " Folder 411

(20 items).

Advertising cards and flyers for steamboats, a cotton gin, a grist mill, Beersheba Springs resort, a notice of an auction, an 1845 notice "To the people of Jefferson County..." warning that the representatives-elect of the city of Louisville are planning an emancipation bill (signed by many citizens, including R. C. Ballard), several Merchants' Exchange Reporter and Price Current of St. Louis (1857, 1859, 1860) and an 1858 Price Current report from Liverpool (1858).

Folder 412

Printed material. #04850, Series: "4. Other Papers, 1842-1860 and undated. " Folder 412

(5 items).

Copies of the New-Orleans Price-Current, Commercial Intelligencer and Merchants' Transcript,, most sent by Ballard's New Orleans commission merchants, Nalle and Cox, W. Cox and Co., etc. Issues from 1842, 1847, 1853 (2), and 1858. There are many more issues in the letters series since the commission merchants often wrote to Ballard on the blank pages.

Folder 413

Miscellaneous. #04850, Series: "4. Other Papers, 1842-1860 and undated. " Folder 413

(10 items).

A "Know-Nothing Resolution the counsel at Louisville would not Entertain" which seems to refute the Know-Nothings' alleged hostility to slave states, a "Memorandum of horses and mules on Magnolia," a description of the Myrtle Grove Plantation, a "Memorandum of Laurell Hill," a "Description of Land in Washinton County, Miss.," a list of household linens, and other notes.

Folder 414

Miscellaneous. #04850, Series: "4. Other Papers, 1842-1860 and undated. " Folder 414

(4 items including 2 oversized papers which are housed separately).

Pedigree of a horse, diagram of a water wheel. Oversized: diagram of the layout of the slave quarters and of a slave house, "Travellers Guide. A map of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Extending from Pittsburgh to the Gulf of Mexico." By J. Duff.

Folder 415

Miscellaneous. #04850, Series: "4. Other Papers, 1842-1860 and undated. " Folder 415

(2 items).

A one page "History of David" and pages 3 through 22 of a long description of a trip through Belgium.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated.

70 items.

Arrangement: chronological by the latest date in each volume.

Plantation journals, accounts of cotton picked, clothes made for slaves, and other plantation records, mainly from Ballard's Magnolia Plantation, but also from Laurell, Elcho and Wagram Plantations. Financial records from R. C. Ballard and Co.'s slave trading business (both volumes and enclosures; the enclosures in Volume 4 are particularly interesting), and personal accounts of Ballard. Two volumes which appear to have been kept by or for Samuel S. Boyd (Volumes 34 and 35) contain dates in the 1870s after Ballard's death. Plantation journals contain a wide variety of information about the day to day functioning of the plantation and the lives of the overseers and slaves.

Arrangement of the volumes is chronological by the latest date in the volume. The enclosures in each volume are in a folder following that volume. Where the volume was given a title of some kind by its users, that title is given in quotations. A number of the volumes have the title "Cotton Plantation Record and Account Book." These are preprinted books with spaces for various inventories, daily journal entries, and records of cotton picked by each slave. The overseers often did not fill the books out completely, but used only some of the printed forms. These books include an essay on "The Duties of an Overseer"on the last page.

For additional volumes, see the Addition of April 2004.

Folder 416

Volume 1: 1832, 32 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 416

"R. C. Ballard and Co." accounts, 5 pages used for financial record keeping.

Folder 417

Volume 2: 1831-1833, 40 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 417

"R. C. Ballard and Co. Invoice Book," contains lists of names and prices of slaves under headings such as "First Shipment List of Negroes shiped [sic] on Brig Tribune". Shipments apparently left from Norfolk, Va.

Folder 418

Volume 3: 1832-1833, 48p. "Negro Board Book." #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 418

Accounts kept for individuals for cost of boarding slaves.

Folder 419

Enclosures in Volume 3. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 419

Two notes signed by R. C. Ballard and Co. on the Bank of Richmond, 25 September 1834, and the Bank of Virginia, 30 July 1834, the latter made out for $10,000 to Franklin and Armfield.

Folder 420

Volume 4: 1832-1834, about 170 p. R. C. Ballard and Co. slaves bought. "Purchase Book" inked on cover. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 420

28 pages of lists of slaves by name and price, numbered from the beginning of each year. 1832 is the earliest year noted, but there are two undated lists that precede the 1832 list. Volume contains a few other notes.

Folder 421

Enclosures in Volume 4. 1831-1839, #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 421

(14 items).

Mainly financial accounts of the slave trade, including lists of slaves purchased, "Sales of R. C. Ballard and Co. in account with Messrs. Franklin, Ballard, and Co., Natchez," record of Ballard's purchase of slaves at auction in Adams County, Miss., and two contracts for partnership in the slave trade between Ballard, Franklin, and Armfield dated 1833 and 1835. (The 1835 contract is oversized and is stored with oversized papers.)

Folder 422

Volume 5: 1833-1834, about 35 p. "Board Book," 1833. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 422

Contains accounts for various individuals, including Bacon Tait, for boarding slaves. "Harbin Bill for Board of five negroes I sold for him--9.00" on first page.

Folder 423

Enclosure in Volume 5. Undated, 1 item. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 423

Scrap with what may be notes for a slave boarding bill.

Folder 424

Volume 6: 1833-1834, 48 p. "R. C. Ballard and Co." accounts. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 424

Book about half full of financial accounts of R. C. Ballard and Co.

Folder 425

Volume 7: 1831-1835, 150 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 425

"R. C. Ballard and Co. Expense Book" on second page. Itemized and dated lists of payments made by R. C. Ballard and Co., for such expenses as having a horse shoed, stage fare to Richmond, suits of clothes (apparently for slaves), etc. About a third of pages are used. A few other notes, mainly on inside covers.

Folder 425a

Volume 7a: 1836-1838, about 40 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 425a

"A list of balances due James Ballard & Company, 1 Jany. 1838."

Folder 426

Volume 8: 1837-1838, 24 p. R. C. Ballard and Co. accounts. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 426

"Coml Bank of Natchez in a/c with R. C. Ballard Co." Only 3 pages used.

Folder 427

Volume 9: 1833, 1839, 18 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 427

Notebook, containing various calculations and notes. Inside and outside covers and 4 other pages used.

Folder 428

Volume 10: 1837-1839, about 55 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 428

"Bank Book," 1837. Empty except for 2 pages with "Commercial Bank in a/c with William Cotton."

Folder 429

Volume 11: 1838-1840, about 300 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 429

Magnolia Plantation journal. "McNeales Book" on cover. Contains a variety of very detailed records of Magnolia Plantation, including a list of slaves, livestock, etc., belonging to the plantation, a daily account of "Employment of the Hands" starting on 1 January 1838. In December 1838, there is a Recapitulation of the events of the year, including sicknesses and deaths among slaves and livestock, then an inventory of the plantation for the beginning of 1839 and journal for 1839, then daily journal through 31 December 1840. Kept by overseer McNeale, then W. Buck by 1840.

Folder 430

Volume 12: 1836-1841, about 60 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 430

"James Ballard and Co. with Commercial Bank," dated records mostly for "cash,"and other financial notes.

Folder 431

Volume 13: 1834-1842, about 140 p. Accounts of R. C. Ballard and Co. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 431

Record of expenses for 1834, 1839-1842 records of accounts of individuals such as Joseph Alsop, Thomas Anderson, Frances Poindexter with R. C. Ballard and Co.

Folder 432

Volume 14: 1841-1842, 40 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 432

Accounts of Charles Roberts and Joseph Berthe with R. C. Ballard and a few other notes. 8 pages used.

Folder 433

Enclosure in Volume 14. 1835. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 433

Bill for a few items "Thos Hall to Richard E. Smith."

Folder 434

Volume 15: 1839-1843, 150 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 434

Accounts of various people with R. C. Ballard, and other financial notes.

Folder 435

Volume 16: 1843, 40 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 435

Overseer's rxpenses for Magnolia Plantation, "A memorandum of all the expence of this farm articles purchased by myself," list of "supplyes layed in by the proprietor," and note about purchase of slave woman by overseer William Buck, and Edward Moore in a/c with Magnolia Plantation.

Folder 436

Volume 17: 1843, about 50 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 436

"Planters Bank Trustee," paper darkened so that much of contents are barely legible. "List of Negroes on Golden Plains" then "List of Negroes & c. Providence Plantation" with ages and some prices, lists of some livestock, are all clearly legible.

Folder 437

Volume 18: 1843-1845, about 50 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 437

"R. C. Ballard in account with W. A. Britton." 6 pages used.

Folder 438

Volume 19: 1843-1846, about 120 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 438

Magnolia Plantation journal, kept by overseers W. H. Dixon, M. B. Stampley, and Isaac Folkes, including lists of marriages, births, and deaths of 1844, lists of slaves, who lives in which house, children and mothers, daily journal of plantation activities for much of 1844 and 1845 and spring of 1846, cotton picked by each slave each day, cotton shipments, and other plantation information

Folder 439

Volume 20: 1846-1847, about 300 p. (pages numbered) #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 439

Magnolia Plantation journal. "Cotton Book" on cover, kept by "J. H. Cox" from 25 May 1846 through 1 January 1847, containing lists of work done and repairs on the plantation during 1846, daily journal for 1847 begins on p. 55; lists of births, deaths, physicians' visits, on p. 118; rules about morning and evening bells, on p. 127; list of cotton shipped, p. 155; text of marriage ceremony, and various other lists.

Folder 440

Volume 21: 1846-1847, about 60 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 440

J. H. Cox in account with Magnolia. 3 pages used. Wages for service as overseer, payment for "catching boy," etc.

Folder 441

Volume 22: 1849, about 100 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 441

Clothes book of Magnolia Plantation. Mainly day by day lists of clothes made, specifying shirts and pantaloons, and seamstress. Other financial records, records of shipments received at Magnolia. Note that "Charlotte Buckner died the 14 day of May 1849 . She was the seamstress on Magnolia died of Cholera."

Folder 442

Volume 23: 1848-1851, about 100 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 442

Magnolia Plantation cotton book, kept by overseers John P. Wilson, Rice B. Read, and J. Westbrook; lists amount of cotton picked by each slave each day, diary of day picking started, etc.

Folder 443

Enclosure in Volume 23. 2 January 1851. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 443

Brief letter to John P. Wilson about shipment of pork from Heisenbuttle and Maynadier.

Folder 444

Volume 24: 1850-1851, about 130 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 444

Magnolia Plantation journal, kept by overseers Loyd Stevenson, John P. Wilson, Rice B. Read, lists of slaves, livestock, tools, etc., daily journal from 1 January 1850.

Folder 445

Enclosures in Volume 24. (5 items,) #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 445

Brief letters to John P. Wilson, list of Magnolia cotton, advertisement for Ayer's Cathartic Pills.

Folder 445a

Volume 24a: 1850-1851, about 90 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 445a

Laurell Plantation book, including "A List of Negroes That Belongs on Laurell Plantation"; lists of "men hands" and "women hands" and their tools; and a journal with entries 1 January 1850-29 January 1851.

Folder 446

Volume 25: 1851-1852, about 200 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 446

Magnolia Plantation journal, kept by overseers John P. Wilson then H. Shaw, contains lists of slaves, livestock, land in cultivation, and other lists, journal from 1 January 1851 through 31 December 1852. R. C. Ballard made a few daily entries (e.g. 22 October 1851.)

Folder 447

Volume 26: 1851-1852, about 160 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 447

Laurell Plantation journal, kept by John H. Bailey, containing journal for 1851 And 1852 and daily lists of amounts of cotton picked by slaves in 1852, some other plantation records. About half of book is blank.

Folder 448

Volume 27: 1849-1853, about 80 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 448

Clothes book, contains general records of Magnolia Plantation and Laurell Plantation from 1849, lists of winter and summer clothes made for each place with names of seamstresses from 1850, 1851, and 1852, and some notes on sacks and clothes given out in 1853.

Folder 449

Enclosure in Volume 27. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 449

1 list of names.

Folder 450

Volume 28: 1853, about 130 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 450

"Cotton Plantation Record and Account Book," Magnolia Plantation. Three receipts and a shipment notice pasted in inside front cover. Kept by overseer H. H. Williams, daily journal entries for some days in July and August 1853, daily records of cotton picked.

Folder 451

Volume 29: 1854, about 130 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 451

"Cotton Plantation Record and Account Book," Magnolia Plantation, kept by overseer John N. Nolley, six receipts pasted in front few pages, journal kept from 8 February to 7 August 1854, daily records of cotton picked by each slave, some other notes.

Folder 452

Volume 30: 1855, about 130 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 452

"Cotton Plantation Record and Account Book," Magnolia Plantation, kept by overseers John N. Nolley then J. B. Wilson, seven receipts pasted in front cover, journal part of book not used, but daily records of cotton picked filled out from 1 August 1855, lists of weights of cotton bales, some supplies, and other records.

Folder 453

Enclosure in Volume 30. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 453

1 diagram.

Folder 454

Volume 31: 1856, about 130 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 454

"Cotton Plantation Record and Account Book," Magnolia Plantation, kept by overseer J. B. Wilson, receipts pasted in inside cover and front pages, minimal journal entries starting 8 April 1856 going through end of July, daily records of cotton picked, some other notes.

Folder 455

Enclosures in Volume 31. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 455

(3 items).

Letter, 1857, to R. C. Ballard from Bittner and Mather; list of bundles of bedding, coops of chickens, etc. under heading "Magnolia Plant.," bill for bricks, 1856.

Folder 456

Volume 32: 1857, about 150 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 456

"Cotton Plantation Record and Account Book," Elcho Plantation., kept by overseer J. B. Wilson, only a few journal entries but daily record of cotton picked on Elcho, list of slaves at back, some other notes.

Folder 457

Volume 33: [1856-1858?], about 100 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 457

Wagram Plantation journal (Chicot Co., Ark.), paper darkened and much ink faded to the point of near illegibility, mostly blank. List of slaves at beginning.

Folder 458

Volume 34: 1872-1875, about 200 p. (pages numbered but loose and incomplete) #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 458

Financial records, apparently of Samuel S. Boyd. Mentions Forest Hill and Karnac plantations.

Folder 459

Enclosures in Volume 34. (2 items) #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 459

Containing various calculations related to Forest Hill and Karnac. ("E Boyd ajt. Est. SS Boyd")

Folder 460

Volume 35: 1879-1880, about 70 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 460

Grocery accounts, dated lists of items purchased and cost.

Folder 461

Volume 36: undated, 14 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 461

Notebook. Contains various records of expenses, calculations, etc.

Folder 462

Volume 37: undated, 8 p. #04850, Series: "5. Volumes, 1831-1880 and undated. " Folder 462

Notebook from leather wallet with "Containing notes for 1842" inked on it. Contains financial notes and calculations.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Addition of April 2004 (Acc. 99778).

5 items.

The Addition of April 2004 is arranged in the same way as, but has not been incorporated into, the original deposit of materials.

Volumes containing financial information concerning Ballard's slave trading business and operations at Magnolia Plantation.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 5. Volumes, 1831-1853.

5 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Volumes containing financial information concerning Ballard's slave trading business and operations at Magnolia Plantation. A ledger contains account information from R. C. Ballard and Co.'s slave trading business, 1831-1834; two plantation journals document daily operations at Magnolia Plantation, 1848-1849; and two cotton books document cotton production at Magnolia Plantation, 1846-1851 and 1853.

Folder 463

Volume 38: Ledger: Ballard and Co., 1831-1834 #04850, Subseries: "5. Volumes, 1831-1853." Folder 463

Ledger containing account information documenting the purchase, shipment, and sale of slaves. Includes the names and prices of slaves, payment records, shipping information, and expenses.

Folder 464

Enclosures: Volume 38 #04850, Subseries: "5. Volumes, 1831-1853." Folder 464

Folder 465

Volume 39: Journal: Magnolia Plantation, 1848 #04850, Subseries: "5. Volumes, 1831-1853." Folder 465

Journal containing daily entries that document work done on Magnolia Plantation in 1848. Also includes a list of all slaves, along with age and a brief description; lists of births and deaths; a list of slaves issued spades, shovels, hoes, and axes; a list of shoes distributed; and a listing of farm animals and tools.

Folder 466

Volume 40: Journal: Magnolia Plantation, 1849 #04850, Subseries: "5. Volumes, 1831-1853." Folder 466

Journal containing daily entries that document work done on Magnolia Plantation in 1849. Also includes a list of all slaves, along with age and a brief description; lists of births and deaths; a list of slaves issued spades, shovels, hoes, and axes; a list of shoes distributed; a listing of farm animals and tools; and a list of all items bought for use on the plantation.

Folder 467

Enclosures: Volume 40 #04850, Subseries: "5. Volumes, 1831-1853." Folder 467

Folder 468

Volume 41: Cotton Book: Magnolia Plantation, 1846-1851 #04850, Subseries: "5. Volumes, 1831-1853." Folder 468

Documents cotton production at Magnolia Plantation, 1846-1851. Includes lists of the amount of cotton each person picked per day, with brief descriptions of conditions; records of cotton shipments; and a list of garments made in 1848.

Folder 469

Volume 42: Cotton Book: Magnolia Plantation, 1853(V-4850/S-42) #04850, Subseries: "5. Volumes, 1831-1853." Folder 469

Volume documenting cotton production at Magnolia Plantation, 1853. Includes a listing of the amount of cotton each person picked per day, with brief descriptions of conditions, and a list of the weight and number of each bale.

Folder 470

Enclosures: Volume 42 #04850, Subseries: "5. Volumes, 1831-1853." Folder 470

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Processing Information

The Addition of April 2004 is arranged in the same way as, but has not been incorporated into, the original deposit of materials.

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