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Collection Number: 05416-z

Collection Title: John N. Baughman Account Book, 1848-1868

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


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Size 1 item
Abstract John N. Baughman was a general store owner, tinner, scrivener, and postmaster who lived in Baughman Settlement in Hardy County, W. Va. The collection consists of an account book and its enclosures relating to John N. Baughman's general store. The account book lists the purchases of and payments for items from the store, as well as other expenditures and purchases, including labor and money-lending. Each purchase is listed under the purchaser's personal account. The book records the sale of a wide range of merchandise, including food, spices, clothing, hardware, medicines, candy, textiles, writing supplies, books, firearms and ammunition, farming implements, and other goods. It also lists charges for Baughman's and his children's labor, including performing farming tasks; providing veterinary services; constructing coffins; loaning and boarding livestock; writing deeds and other agreements; and, most frequently, making and repairing tin items. Baughman also appears to have led a singing-school, and the account book records the charges for subscriptions to the school, as well as charges for musical instrument parts and sheet music. In addition to listing the purchases of goods and labor and cash loans, the account book records the repayment of these debts using cash, goods, and labor. The book also notes charging and accepting payment for certain transactions in Confederate currency, as well as the adjustment of a debt by converting it from Confederate currency to United States currency following the end of the Civil War. The book also labels certain debts as being referred to the constable for resolution, and lists debts paid and incurred by "rafling" and other forms of gambling. Finally, the book provides information about the events occuring in the town as a context for goods purchased or money owed, such as camp meetings, executions, and shooting matches. Enclosures consist of notes, including promissory notes, statements of obligation, contracts, records of hired labor and the purchase and loan of livestock, penmanship practice, lists of household expenses, letters from creditors and debtors, and a letter from an emigrant to Ohio, among other materials. Also included is a label used during the book's exhibition at a county fair.
Creator Baughman, John N., 1821-1894.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the John N. Baughman Account Book #5416-z, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Purchased from Carmen D. Valentino of Philadelphia, Pa., in October 2008 (Acc. 101071).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

John N. Baughman (1821-1894) was a general store owner, tinner, scrivener, and postmaster who lived in Baughman Settlement in Hardy County, W. Va.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection consists of an account book and its enclosures relating to John N. Baughman's general store. The account book lists the purchases of and payments for items from the store, as well as other expenditures and purchases, including labor and money-lending. Each purchase is listed under the purchaser's personal account.

The book records the sale of a wide range of merchandise, including food, spices, clothing, hardware, medicines, candy, textiles, writing supplies, books, firearms and ammunition, farming implements, and other goods. It also lists charges for Baughman's and his children's labor, including performing farming tasks; providing veterinary services; constructing coffins; loaning and boarding livestock; writing deeds and other agreements; and most frequently, making and repairing tin items. Baughman also appears to have led a singing-school, and the account book records the charges of subscriptions to the school, as well as charges for musical instrument parts and sheet music.

In addition to listing the purchases of goods and labor and cash loans, the account book records the repayment of these debts using cash, goods, and labor. The book also notes charging and accepting payment for certain transactions in Confederate currency, as well as the adjustment of a debt by converting it from Confederate currency to United States currency following the end of the Civil War. The book also labels certain debts as being referred to the constable for resolution, and lists debts paid and incurred by "rafling" and other forms of gambling. Finally, the book provides information about the events occuring in the town as a context for goods purchased or money owed, such as camp meetings, executions, and shooting matches.

Enclosures consist of notes written at the time the book was in use, including promissory notes, statements of obligation (IOUs), contracts, records of hired labor and the purchase and loan of livestock, penmanship practice, lists of household expenses, letters from creditors and debtors, and a letter from an emigrant to Ohio, among other materials. Also included is a label used during the book's exhibition at a county fair.

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Contents list

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Processing Information

Processed by: Anna Kephart, November 2010

Encoded by: Anna Kephart, November 2010

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