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Collection Number: 01101

Collection Title: Bayne and Gayle Family Papers, 1798-1963

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


This collection was processed with support from the Randleigh Foundation Trust.

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Size 0.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 50 items)
Abstract John Gayle (1792-1859) was governor of Alabama; his wife was Sarah Ann Haynesworth Gayle; their son-in-law was Thomas L. Bayne (1824-1891), lawyer, of New Orleans, La., and Confederate army officer. Hugh A. Bayne (1870-1954) was a lawyer and Army officer of New Orleans. The collection contains correspondence, 1832-1835, of John Gayle, concerning Creek Indians, militia organization, and other topics; journal, 1827-1835, of Sarah Ann Haynesworth Gayle, and her correspondence with her husband; memoirs, 1870, of their son-in- law, Thomas L. Bayne; memoirs of Hugh A. Bayne, describing his experiences at Yale University, 1888-1892, in New York City, 1898-1917, with the A.E.F., 1917- 1919, and in Paris, 1919-1928; biographical sketch of Wilson Cary Nicholas (1757-1820) of Virginia; and other Bayne, Gayle, and Nicholas family data and photographs. Included are some typed transcriptions and microfilm of original items from various sources.
Creator Bayne family.



Gayle family.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Bayne and Gayle Family Papers #1101, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alternate Form of Material
All or part of this collection is also available on microfilm.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Mrs. Ralph Hopkins of New Orleans, Colonel Hugh Bayne, Father W. W. Bayne, and Mrs. John May, 1940s-1960s.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

John Gayle (11 September 1792-21 July 1891), governor of Alabama, lawyer, and planter was born in the Sumter District, S.C., son of Matthew and Mary Reese Gayle. He attended Newberry Academy in Newberry, S.C., and graduated from South Carolina College in 1815. He moved with his parents to a plantation near Claiborne, Ala. where he received an education in law. In 1818, Gayle was appointed by President Monroe to the first Council of the Alabama Territory and the following year was elected solicitor of his circuit. From 1819 to 1831, he served four terms in the legislature, where he was speaker of the House in 1829, sat as circuit judge and justice of the state Supreme Court, and developed his law practice.

Gayle was elected as a pro-Union, Jackson Democratic governor, 1831 and 1833, when disputes concerning state's rights over the removal of the Creek Indians weakened the governor's and Alabama's ties with the Union and the president. He served two terms in office until he returned to his law practice in 1834. Gayle was a member of the electoral college in 1836 and 1840. He was nominated for state senator in 1841; he lost, but went to the House in 1847 on a Whig ticket. In 1849, he was appointed federal district judge by President Taylor. He served in this capacity until 1859.

In 1819, Gayle married Sarah Ann Haynesworth, with whom he had six children, and, four years after her death in 1835, he married Clarissa Stedham Peck, with whom he had four children. Maria, a daughter from the first marriage, married Thomas L. Bayne, the son of a Monroe County plantation owner and Yale graduate, in 1853 and moved to New Orleans where her husband practiced law. He fought for the Confederate Army in the 5th Company of the Washington Artillery where he advanced to lieutenant colonel chief of the Bureau of Foreign Supplies. He returned to New Orleans to practice law after the Civil War and remained there until his death in 1891.

[Biographical information source on John Gayle: Dictionary of American Biography, vol. 7 (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1931): 197-198.]

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The collection contains correspondence, 1832-1835, of John Gayle, concerning Creek Indians, militia organization, and other topics; journal, 1827-1835, of Sarah Ann Haynesworth Gayle, and her correspondence with her husband; memoirs, 1870, of their son-in- law, Thomas L. Bayne; memoirs of Hugh A. Bayne, describing his experiences at Yale University, 1888-1892, in New York City, 1898-1917, with the A.E.F., 1917- 1919, and in Paris, 1919-1928; biographical sketch of Wilson Cary Nicholas (1757-1820) of Virginia; and other Bayne, Gayle, and Nicholas family data and photographs. Included are some typed transcriptions and microfilm of original items from various sources.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Volumes, 1821-1870.

3 items.

Journal, letters, and an autobiography in typescript copy of members of the Bayne and Gayle families. Sarah A. Gayle's journal includes information on the running of a plantation, troubles with the Creek Indians in 1833, raising children, and her husband's career. Sarah and John Gayle's letters include information on running their plantation and political experiences of John Gayle while travelling as a circuit judge and in the governor's office. The Thomas Bayne autobiography discusses his early life in Georgia and Alabama, his years at Yale, and his experiences in the Confederate Army through 1863.

Folder 1

Volume 1: 1829-1835 #01101, Series: "1. Volumes, 1821-1870." Folder 1

Journal of Sarah A. Gayle. 1-250 pp.

Folder 2

Volume 2: 1821-1835 #01101, Series: "1. Volumes, 1821-1870." Folder 2

Letters of Sarah A. Gayle and John Gayle. 251-474 pp.

Folder 3

Volume 3: 1870 #01101, Series: "1. Volumes, 1821-1870." Folder 3

53 pp. Autobiographical sketch of Thomas L. Bayne (original and 2 typescripts).

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Genealogy and Related Materials, 1832-1955.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Pictures, 1948-1951.

17 items.

Mainly pictures of paintings of English ancestors of the Gayle and Bayne families.

Image P-1101/1-1a

P-1101/1

Pictures of Governor John Gayle #01101, Series: "3. Pictures, 1948-1951." P-1101/1-1a

Image P-1101/2-3

P-1101/2

P-1101/3

Pictures of Col. and Mrs. Thomas Levington Bayne #01101, Series: "3. Pictures, 1948-1951." P-1101/2-3

Image P-1101/4

Picture of General Samuel Smith #01101, Series: "3. Pictures, 1948-1951." P-1101/4

Image P-1101/5

Picture of Colonel George Nicholas #01101, Series: "3. Pictures, 1948-1951." P-1101/5

Image P-1101/6

Picture of Wilson Cary Nicholas #01101, Series: "3. Pictures, 1948-1951." P-1101/6

Image P-1101/7

Picture of Colonel Miles Cary #01101, Series: "3. Pictures, 1948-1951." P-1101/7

Image P-1101/8

Picture of Mrs. Mary (Cary) Ambler #01101, Series: "3. Pictures, 1948-1951." P-1101/8

Image P-1101/9

Picture of Judith Armistead #01101, Series: "3. Pictures, 1948-1951." P-1101/9

Image P-1101/10

Picture of John Carter of Shirley #01101, Series: "3. Pictures, 1948-1951." P-1101/10

Image P-1101/11

Picture of Robert Carter of Nomini #01101, Series: "3. Pictures, 1948-1951." P-1101/11

Image P-1101/12

Picture of Robert Carter of Corotoman #01101, Series: "3. Pictures, 1948-1951." P-1101/12

Image P-1101/13

Picture of Robert Carter Nicholas, "Senator from Louisiana" #01101, Series: "3. Pictures, 1948-1951." P-1101/13

Image P-1101/14

Picture of the Cary House in Bristol, England #01101, Series: "3. Pictures, 1948-1951." P-1101/14

Image P-1101/15

Picture of St. Nicholas' Church in Bristol, England #01101, Series: "3. Pictures, 1948-1951." P-1101/15

Image P-1101/16

Photograph of seal impression of Robert Smith #01101, Series: "3. Pictures, 1948-1951." P-1101/16

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Processing Information

Processed by: Suzanne Ruffing, February 1996

Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008

Updated by: Kathryn Michaelis, November 2010

This collection was processed with support from the Randleigh Foundation Trust.

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