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Collection Number: 03527

Collection Title: Hugh H. Bennett Papers, 1923-1956.

This collection has access restrictions. For details, please see the restrictions.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities; this finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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Size 6.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 825 items)
Abstract Hugh H. (Hugh Hammond) Bennett (1881-1960), a native of Wadesboro, N.C., was a soil scientist and conservationist with the United States Department of Agriculture, 1903-1951. This collection contains professional correspondence and other materials of Bennett, concerning soil conservation surveys and projects in the western United States, Latin America, South Africa, and the West Indies; the Association of American Geographers, 1943-1945; and Bennett's writings. Also included are a diary, 1949, of a conservation survey trip to France, Italy, Tunisia, and Algeria; technical articles; biographical data; photographs; and clippings covering Bennett's life and work, 1935-1955, Included are four scrapbooks, of which Volume 3 concerns Bennett's trip to South Africa, and Volume 4 contains clippings concerning "Hugh Bennett Day" in Anson County, N.C.
Creator Bennett, Hugh H. (Hugh Hammond), 1881-1960.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
This collection contains additional materials that are not processed and are currently not available to researchers. For information about access to these materials, contact Research and Instructional Services staff. Please be advised that preparing unprocessed materials for access can be a lengthy process.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Hugh H. Bennett Papers, #3527, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Transferred to the Southern Historical Collection from North Carolina State University in Raleigh, N.C., in 1961.
Additional Descriptive Resources
A copy of the original finding aid for this collection is filed in folder 1a.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Hugh H. (Hugh Hammond) Bennett (1881-1960), a native of Wadesboro, N.C., was a soil scientist and conservationist with the United States Department of Agriculture, 1903-1951.

Bennett graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1903, and from 1903 to 1909, he served as a soil scientist with the Soil Survey Division of the Bureau of Soils. In 1909 Bennett was an inspector in a special soil survey as well as a member of an agricultural expedition to what was probably the Panama Canal. He was in charge of an explorative expedition to Alaska in 1914; a member of the Chugach National Forest Commission in 1915; the Guatemala-Honduras Boundary Commission in 1919; the Rubber Commission sent to Central and South America and the West Indies, 1923-1924; in charge of an agricultural survey of Cuba during the winters of 1925-1932; in charge of a soil erosion and moisture conservation investigation for the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils, 1929-1933; assisted the Department of the Interior from September 1933-March 1935, where he organized and headed the Soil Erosion Service before its transfer to the Department of Agriculture as the re-named Soil Conservation Service; and he was chief of the Soil Conservation Service of the Department of Agriculture, 1935-1951. On 1 November 1951, he was appointed special assistant to the secretary of agriculture to advise on conservation and resource matters.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

This collection contains professional correspondence and other materials of Hugh H. Bennett (1881-1960), concerning soil conservation surveys and projects in the western United States, Latin America, South Africa, and the West Indies; the Association of American Geographers, 1943-1945; and Bennett's writings. Also included are a diary, 1949, of a conservation survey trip to France, Italy, Tunisia, and Algeria; technical articles; biographical data; photographs; and clippings covering Bennett's life and work, 1935-1955, Included are four scrapbooks, of which Volume 3 concerns Bennett's trip to South Africa, and Volume 4 contains clippings concerning "Hugh Bennett Day" in Anson County, N.C.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated.

Arrangement: chronological.

This series contains correspondence pertaining to Bennett's career in soil conservation. There is very little personal correspondence, and the bulk of the material consists of official letters; Department of Agriculture memorandums; correspondence regarding soil conservation surveys and projects in the western United States, South America, South Africa, and the West Indies; documents regarding the publication of his book Soil Conservation, published in 1939; articles written by and about Bennett; and correspondence during his time as the president of the Association of American Geographers, 1943-1945; and a diary, 1949, of a conservation survey trip to France, Italy, Tunisia, and Algeria.

Folder 1a

Original finding aid #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 1a

Folder 1

1923-1932 #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 1

Correspondence from 1923 is from the Canal Zone; letter from 9 July 1930 contains some genealogical information about Bennett's family.

Folder 2-3

Folder 2

Folder 3

1933 #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 2-3

Contains some letters concerning projects in Idaho, Texas, Washington, and other locations.

Folder 4-5

Folder 4

Folder 5

April 1934-October 1934 #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 4-5

Letter from 24 August 1934 contains autobiographical information on Bennett.

Folder 6

1935 #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 6

Contains letters regarding Bennett's book Soil Conservation.

Folder 7

1936-1937 #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 7

Contains letters regarding Bennett's book Soil Conservation.

Folder 8-10

Folder 8

Folder 9

Folder 10

1938 #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 8-10

Contains letters regarding Bennett's book Soil Conservation.

Folder 11-14

Folder 11

Folder 12

Folder 13

Folder 14

1939 #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 11-14

Contains letters regarding Bennett's book Soil Conservation; an article entitled "Relation of Entomology to Erosion" is dated 25 February 1939.

Folder 15-16

Folder 15

Folder 16

1940 #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 15-16

Includes article dated 28 February-12 April 1940 concerns work in Venezuela; article from 28 November 1940 entitled "Thirty Years of Vertical Farming."

Folder 17

1941 #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 17

Contains several letters concerning work in Venezuela and correspondence from Puerto Rico; letters from 17 September 1941 and 14 October 1941 from Ernest E. Maes, field representative in South America, writing from Lima, Peru.

Folder 18-19

Folder 18

Folder 19

1942 #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 18-19

Contains several letters concerning work in Venezuela and correspondence from Puerto Rico.

Folder 20-22

Folder 20

Folder 21

Folder 22

1943 #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 20-22

Contains some correspondence in connection with Bennett's presidency of the Association of American Geographers; 25 May 1943 article "Don't Forget the Soil"; 15 June 1943 article "War and Postwar Food Production."

Folder 23

1944 #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 23

Contains some correspondence in connection with Bennett's presidency of the Association of American Geographers, and Bennett's trip to the Union of South Africa.

Folder 24-26

Folder 24

Folder 25

Folder 26

1945 #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 24-26

Contains some correspondence in connection with Bennett's presidency of the Association of American Geographers, and a trip to Venezuela.

Folder 27-28

Folder 27

Folder 28

1946-1949 #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 27-28

Contains mimeographed booklet by Bennett from 1 July 1948 entitled "Bibliography: Books, Articles, Technical Publications;" and 65 typed pages of a diary dated September-October 1949 kept during trip Bennett and Glenn E. Riddell, an extension Soil Conservation Service conservationist, took to France, Italy, Tunisia, and Algeria to observe and gather updated information on land conditions, soil and water conservation measures, and causes and effects of land deterioration in order to advance soil and water conservation in the United States.

Folder 29

1950 #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 29

Contains letters from foreign countries regarding various projects.

Folder 30-37

Folder 30

Folder 31

Folder 32

Folder 33

Folder 34

Folder 35

Folder 36

Folder 37

1951 #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 30-37

Contains several letters concerning a biography of Bennett entitled Big Hugh, his retirement, 70th birthday, and his appointment as special assistant to the secretary of agriculture on conservation and resource matters, and several articles.

Folder 38-40

Folder 38

Folder 39

Folder 40

1952, 1955-1956 #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 38-40

Contains a few letters regarding a trip to Cuba in 1956.

Folder 41-42

Folder 41

Folder 42

Undated #03527, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1923-1956 and undated." Folder 41-42

Contains mostly articles, birthday cards, and memoranda on book sales.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Clippings, 1935-1955.

Arrangement: chronological.

This series contains clippings regarding Bennett's career and related topics. Included are four scrapbooks, of which Volume 3 concerns Bennett's trip to South Africa, and Volume 4 contains clippings concerning "Hugh Bennett Day" in Anson County, N.C. Additionally, there is a collection of pictures.

Folder 43

Volume 1: Scrapbook, 1939-1941 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 43

Contains clippings about Bennett and topics related to his career.

Folder 44

Volume 2: Scrapbook, 1942-1944 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 44

Contains clippings about Bennett and topics related to his career.

Folder 45

Volume 3: Scrapbook, 1944-1947 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 45

Contains clippings from 1944-1945 about Bennett's trip to South Africa, and one clipping from 1947.

Folder 46

1935 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 46

Folder 47-48

Folder 47

Folder 48

1936 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 47-48

Folder 49-51

Folder 49

Folder 50

Folder 51

1937 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 49-51

Folder 52

1938 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 52

Folder 53-54

Folder 53

Folder 54

1939 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 53-54

Folder 55

1940 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 55

Folder 56-57

Folder 56

Folder 57

1941 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 56-57

Folder 58-59

Folder 58

Folder 59

1942 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 58-59

Folder 59a-60

1943 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 59a-60

Folder 61-62

Folder 61

Folder 62

1944 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 61-62

Folder 63-65

Folder 63

Folder 64

Folder 65

1945 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 63-65

Folder 66-69

Folder 66

Folder 67

Folder 68

Folder 69

1946 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 66-69

Folder 70-76

Folder 70

Folder 71

Folder 72

Folder 73

Folder 74

Folder 75

Folder 76

1947 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 70-76

Folder 77-82

Folder 77

Folder 78

Folder 79

Folder 80

Folder 81

Folder 82

1948 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 77-82

Folder 83-89

Folder 83

Folder 84

Folder 85

Folder 86

Folder 87

Folder 88

Folder 89

1949 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 83-89

Folder 90-92

Folder 90

Folder 91

Folder 92

1950 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 90-92

Folder 93-99

Folder 93

Folder 94

Folder 95

Folder 96

Folder 97

Folder 98

Folder 99

1951 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 93-99

Folder 100-101

Folder 100

Folder 101

1952 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." Folder 100-101

Oversize Volume SV-3527/1

Volume 4: Scrapbook, 1946 #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." SV-3527/1

Scrapbook concerning "Hugh Bennett Day" in Anson County, N.C., on 9 September 1946. It contains letters, telegrams, speeches, resolutions, clippings, and other related materials.

Image Folder PF-3527/1-6

PF-3527/1

PF-3527/2

PF-3527/3

PF-3527/4

PF-3527/5

PF-3527/6

Pictures #03527, Series: "2. Clippings, 1935-1955." PF-3527/1-6

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

Updated by: Adam Fielding, Kate Stratton, and Jodi Berkowitz, January 2011

This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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