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Collection Number: 00126

Collection Title: D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities; this finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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Size 2.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 3000 items)
Abstract David Franklin Caldwell was a politician and businessman of Greensboro, N.C. Caldwell was a member of the North Carolina legislature, 1848-1858, 1864, and 1879. The collection includes correspondence concerning family matters; railroads, banking and textile interests; and politics. Political correspondents (except in 1864) include constituents and fellow legislators, most of the prominent Whig politicians of the state in the 1850s, and many prominent postwar Democrats and conservative Republicans. There are few Civil War items.
Creator Caldwell, D. F. (David Franklin), 1814-1898.
Language English
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Information For Users

Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the D. F. Caldwell Papers, #126, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Mattie Caldwell and George Howard, prior to 1940.
Transferred from the Ralph Gorrell Papers, #1520, Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, May 1959.
Additional Descriptive Resources
A copy of the original finding aid for this collection is filed in folder 1a.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

David Franklin Caldwell (1814-1898) was a politician and businessman of Greensboro, N.C. Caldwell was a member of the North Carolina legislature, 1848-1858, 1864, and 1879. Caldwell was a staunch Unionist and strongly opposed to secession. Nevertheless, with the outbreak of the Civil War he applied for a commission in the Confederate Army which was refused due to his previous political stance and doubts about his loyalty. He therefore enlisted as a private and served two years. After the war he returned to the practice of law and also briefly became involved in the operation of the Greensboro Patriot. In 1868, Caldwell was elected to the United States Congress but was disqualified from service by the Fourteenth Amendment. Caldwell's business interests included the financing of the North Carolina Railroad, as well as other railroads, cotton mills, and banks.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection is chiefly correspondence of D. F. Caldwell concerning family matters; railroads, banking and textile interests; and politics. Caldwell was a member of the North Carolina legislature, 1848-1858, 1864, and 1879. Political correspondents (except in 1864) include constituents and fellow legislators, most of the prominent Whig politicians of the state in the 1850s, and many prominent postwar Democrats and conservative Republicans. There are also some financial and legal items, essays and poems, and other material. There are few Civil War items.

Prominent correspondents represented in the collection include John A. Gilmer, John S. Henderson, Edward Stanley, Victor Clay Barringer, Hamilton C. Jones, James Turner Morehead, Josiah Turner, William Alexander Graham, Kemp P. Battle, Thomas Jordan Jarvis, Zebulon Baird Vance, Josephus Daniels, Samuel A. Ashe, Alfred Dockery, C. H. Wiley, John Pool, A. S. Merrimon, A. M. Waddell, Oliver Hart Dockery, Thomas Ruffin Junior, Curtis Hooks Brogden, Matt Whitaker Ransom, Robert P. Dick, William McKendree Robbins, and John Kerr.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated.

Folder 1a

Original finding aid #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 1a

Folder 1

Correspondence, 1830-1834 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 1

Folder 2

Correspondence, 1836-1837 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 2

Folder 3

Correspondence, 1843-1848 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 3

Folder 4

Correspondence, 1849-1850 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 4

Folder 5

Correspondence, 1851-1852 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 5

Folder 6

Correspondence, 1853 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 6

Folder 7

Correspondence, 1854 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 7

Folder 8

Correspondence, 1855-1857 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 8

Folder 9

Correspondence, 1858-1866 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 9

Folder 10

Correspondence, 1867-1868 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 10

Folder 11-12

Folder 11

Folder 12

Correspondence, 1869 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 11-12

Folder 13-15

Folder 13

Folder 14

Folder 15

Correspondence, 1870 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 13-15

Folder 16-18

Folder 16

Folder 17

Folder 18

Correspondence, 1871 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 16-18

Folder 19-20

Folder 19

Folder 20

Correspondence, 1872 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 19-20

Folder 21-22

Folder 21

Folder 22

Correspondence, 1873 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 21-22

Folder 23-26

Folder 23

Folder 24

Folder 25

Folder 26

Correspondence, 1874 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 23-26

Folder 27-28

Folder 27

Folder 28

Correspondence, 1875 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 27-28

Folder 29-30

Folder 29

Folder 30

Correspondence, 1876 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 29-30

Folder 31-32

Folder 31

Folder 32

Correspondence, 1877 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 31-32

Folder 33-35

Folder 33

Folder 34

Folder 35

Correspondence, 1878 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 33-35

Folder 36-38

Folder 36

Folder 37

Folder 38

Correspondence, 1879 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 36-38

Folder 39-40

Folder 39

Folder 40

Correspondence, 1880 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 39-40

Folder 41-42

Folder 41

Folder 42

Correspondence, 1881 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 41-42

Folder 43-44

Folder 43

Folder 44

Correspondence, 1882 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 43-44

Folder 45

Correspondence, 1883 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 45

Folder 46-47

Folder 46

Folder 47

Correspondence, 1884 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 46-47

Folder 48

Correspondence, 1885 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 48

Folder 49-50

Folder 49

Folder 50

Correspondence, 1886 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 49-50

Folder 51-52

Folder 51

Folder 52

Correspondence, 1887 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 51-52

Folder 53-54

Folder 53

Folder 54

Correspondence, 1888 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 53-54

Folder 55

Correspondence, 1889 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 55

Folder 56

Correspondence, 1890-1892 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 56

Folder 57

Correspondence, 1893-1894 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 57

Folder 58

Correspondence, 1895 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 58

Folder 59

Correspondence, 1896 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 59

Folder 60

Correspondence, 1897 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 60

Folder 61

Correspondence, 1898 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 61

Folder 62

Correspondence, undated #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 62

Folder 63-64

Folder 63

Folder 64

Financial material, 1836-1887 and undated #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 63-64

Folder 65

Legal material, 1817-1887 and undated #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 65

Folder 66-67

Folder 66

Folder 67

Writings #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 66-67

Folder 68

Printed material, 1854-1875 and undated #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 68

Folder 69

Clippings #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 69

Folder 70

Miscellaneous #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 70

Folder 71

Volume 1: Notebook, 1881 #00126, Series: "D. F. Caldwell Papers, 1830-1898 and undated." Folder 71

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

Updated by: Kate Stratton and Jodi Berkowitz, July 2009

This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

Diacritics and other special characters have been omitted from this finding aid to facilitate keyword searching in web browsers.

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