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Collection Number: 00329

Collection Title: John Caldwell Papers, 1766-1917

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


Funding from the State Library of North Carolina supported the encoding of this finding aid.

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Size 1.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 1500 items)
Abstract John Caldwell was a merchant of Morganton, N.C. The collection contains business papers, chiefly 1810-1850, and business and family correspondence of John Caldwell. Family correspondence includes letters and reports, 1833-1839, from his son, Tod Robinson Caldwell (later governor of North Carolina), at school in Hillsborough, N.C., and at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, N.C. Business papers consist of notes; accounts; deeds; bills of sale, including some slave bills of sale; legal papers; and other items, many relating to the Bank of Cape Fear, the Branch Bank of Virginia, and the United States Bank. Volumes, 1799-1825, are daybooks and ledgers of Caldwell's general merchandise business.
Creator Caldwell, John, fl. 1810-1850.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the John Caldwell Papers #329, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Gift of Amy Henderson of Worry, N.C., before 1952.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

John Caldwell emigrated from Ireland to Morganton, N.C., in 1800 where he started a mercantile business. His son, Ted R. Caldwell (1818-1874), served as lieutenant governor (1868-1870) and governor (1871-1874) of North Carolina.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The papers of Morganton, N.C., merchant John Caldwell contain business papers, chiefly 1810-1850, and business and family correspondence. Family correspondence includes letters and reports, 1833-1839, from his son, Tod Robinson Caldwell (later governor of North Carolina), at school in Hillsborough, N.C., and as a student at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, N.C. Business papers consist of notes; accounts; deeds; bills of sale, including some slave bills of sale; legal papers; and other items, many relating to the Bank of Cape Fear, the Branch Bank of Virginia, and the United States Bank. Volumes, 1799-1825, are daybooks and ledgers of Caldwell's general merchandise business.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence and Business Papers, 1766-1917 and undated.

About 1500 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Correspondents include Elisha Mitchell, Tod Robinson Caldwell, Kemp Plummer Battle, Allran Poteet, Robert Caldwell, Israel Pickens, J. W. Wright, and Isaac T. Avery. There are many items relating to banks and banking. Among the materials are:

1766 Indenture
1809 Slave bill of sale
1810 Land grant (photocopy)
1811 Will of merchant Robert Caldwell
1812 Small expense account book
1812-1816 Some materials discussing life in Petersburg, Va.
1816 Israel Pickens to John Caldwell discussing land and other business
1822 Price of bees wax and tallow
1824 Slave bill of sale
1833 Letter from Allran Poteet, author of Geographical Speller
1835-1848 Tod Robinson Caldwell letters
1908 Kemp Plummer Battle ... on points about the Caldwells as I know
1917 Amy Henderson letters

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.2 Business papers

Folder 19

1766-1799 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 19

Folder 20

1802-1812 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 20

Folder 21

1813-1817 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 21

Folder 22

1818-1820 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 22

Folder 23

1821 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 23

Folder 24

1822 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 24

Folder 25

1823 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 25

Folder 26

1824 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 26

Folder 27

1825 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 27

Folder 28

1826 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 28

Folder 29

1827 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 29

Folder 30

1828 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 30

Folder 31

1829-1831 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 31

Folder 32

1832 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 32

Folder 33

1833 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 33

Folder 34

1834 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 34

Folder 35

1835 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 35

Folder 36

1836 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 36

Folder 37

1837-1938 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 37

Folder 38

1839-1841 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 38

Folder 39

1842-1844 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 39

Folder 40

1845-1846 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 40

Folder 41

1847-1848 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 41

Folder 42

1849-1851 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 42

Folder 43

1852-1854 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 43

Folder 44

1855-1856 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 44

Folder 45

1857 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 45

Folder 46

1858 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 46

Folder 47

1859 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 47

Folder 48

1860 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 48

Folder 49

1861-1869 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 49

Folder 50

1872-1906 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 50

Folder 51-53

Folder 51

Folder 52

Folder 53

Undated #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 51-53

Folder 54

Clippings, 1845 #00329, Subseries: "1.2 Business papers" Folder 54

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Volumes and Clippings, 1799-1845.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Items Separated

Oversize volume (V-329/S-5).

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Processing Information

Processed by: Ellen Strong, March 1964

Encoded by: Mara Dabrishus, October 2004

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