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Collection Number: 00128

Collection Title: Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, 1801-1890.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities; this finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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Size 0.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 550 items)
Abstract Tod Robinson Caldwell was a lawyer and Republican governor of North Carolina, 1871-1874, from Burke County, N.C. The collection includes family and political correspondence and some legal documents. Papers through 1865 consist chiefly of letters to Caldwell's wife, Minerva Ruffin (Cain) Caldwell, from his relatives, planters of Orange County, N.C., and Marengo County, Ala.; letters from their son, John Caldwell (d. 1863), while serving in the Confederate Army in Virginia; and a small amount of Whig political correspondence. After 1865 papers are chiefly Caldwell's political correspondence.
Creator Caldwell, Tod Robinson, 1818-1874.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, #128, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Minerva Cain Collett of Morganton, N.C., prior to 1940.
Additional Descriptive Resources
A copy of the original finding aid for this collection is filed in folder 1a.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Tod Robinson Caldwell (1818-1874) was a lawyer and Republican governor of North Carolina, 1871-1874, from Burke County, N.C. Caldwell was married to Minerva Ruffin Cain, daughter of William Cain, of Hillsboro, N.C. Their son, John Caldwell (died 1863) served in the Confederate Army.

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The collection includes indentures, deeds, and other legal documents, and family and political correspondence of Tod Robinson Caldwell and his wife Minerva Ruffin Cain Caldwell. Papers through 1865 consist chiefly of letters to Minerva Caldwell, from relatives, planters of Orange County, N.C., and Marengo County, Ala., related to the planting of crops, management of slave laborers, and the settlement of the estate of her father, William Cain. There are also some Civil War letters from their son, John Caldwell (died 1863), while serving in the Confederate Army in North Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia prior to his death at Gettysburg. After 1865 papers are chiefly Caldwell's political correspondence. Topics include his nomination as lieutenant governor, the Republican and Whig parties, the Ku Klux Klan, game laws, the Constitutional Convention, land grants to state colleges, and other issues. Among the correspondents are Thomas Ruffin Junior, Paul C. Cameron, C. F. Jones, B. F. Moore, D. A. Starbuck, Richmond M. Pearson, William Preston Bynum, Lewis Hanes, William A. Smith, Victor Clay Barringer, and John Poole.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, 1801-1890 and undated.

Folder 1a

Original finding aid #00128, Series: "Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, 1801-1890 and undated." Folder 1a

Folder 1

1801-1837 #00128, Series: "Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, 1801-1890 and undated." Folder 1

Folder 2

1840-1849 #00128, Series: "Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, 1801-1890 and undated." Folder 2

Folder 3

1850-1855 #00128, Series: "Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, 1801-1890 and undated." Folder 3

Folder 4

1856-1859 #00128, Series: "Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, 1801-1890 and undated." Folder 4

Folder 5

1860-1862 #00128, Series: "Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, 1801-1890 and undated." Folder 5

Folder 6

1863-1867 #00128, Series: "Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, 1801-1890 and undated." Folder 6

Folder 7

1868-1869 #00128, Series: "Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, 1801-1890 and undated." Folder 7

Folder 8

1870-1872 #00128, Series: "Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, 1801-1890 and undated." Folder 8

Folder 9-10

Folder 9

Folder 10

1873-1874 #00128, Series: "Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, 1801-1890 and undated." Folder 9-10

Folder 11

1876-1879 #00128, Series: "Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, 1801-1890 and undated." Folder 11

Folder 12

1880-1890 #00128, Series: "Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, 1801-1890 and undated." Folder 12

Folder 13-14

Folder 13

Folder 14

Undated #00128, Series: "Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, 1801-1890 and undated." Folder 13-14

Folder 15

Confederate dead of the University of North Carolina #00128, Series: "Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, 1801-1890 and undated." Folder 15

Folder 16

Clippings #00128, Series: "Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, 1801-1890 and undated." Folder 16

Oversize Paper Folder OPF-127/1

Indenture, 1801 #00128, Series: "Tod Robinson Caldwell Papers, 1801-1890 and undated." OPF-127/1

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

Updated by: Kate Stratton and Jodi Berkowitz, May 2009

This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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