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Collection Number: 05134

Collection Title: Callahan Family Papers, 1943-1951

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


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Size About 470 items (2.5 linear feet)
Abstract The Callahan family of Vinton, Va., included brothers Thomas William Callahan and Warren E. Callahan. Thomas Callahan served in the United States Marines (1st Marines) during World War II in Japan, 1943-1945; Warren served in the United States Army (32nd Infantry) in Japan and Korea during the Korean War, 1949-1951. The collection includes war-time letters from Thomas William Callahan and Warren E. Callahan. Thomas's letters, 1943-1945, follow him from the Marine barracks at Parris Island, S.C., to Japan, and finally to Portsmouth, Va. The letters, about half of which date from January to May 1944, mainly describe everyday military life, including food, weather, and health issues. Two of the letters are from cousin Bill Sheaff, who fought in the war with a different unit. Warren's letters, January 1949-October 1951, follow him from Fort Jackson, S.C., to Japan and Korea. The letters mainly detail everyday military life in training camps and overseas. He also described civilian life in Korea and Japan. Three photocopies of wartime photographs accompany Warren's final letter, 20 October 1951.
Creator Callahan family.
Language English.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Information For Users

Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Callahan Family Papers #5134, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Provenance
Purchased from Charles Apfelbaum of Watchung, N.J., in September 2003 (Acc. 99631).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Brothers Thomas William Callahan (1925-2003) and Warren E. "Bud" Callahan (1926-1987) were born in Roanoke County, Va., the sons of Julian (1898-1990) and Florence Tyler Callahan (1902-1978). The Callahan family lived in Vinton, Va., a small town near the Blue Ridge Parkway on Route 24. The family moved within Vinton between wars. Thomas's World War II letters are addressed to Giles Avenue in Vinton; Warren's Korean War letters are addressed to Bowman Street, also in Vinton.

Thomas Callahan served in the United States Marines (1st Marines) during World War II, 1943-1945, fighting in Japan. After the war, he worked for Roanoke Iron and Bridge Works. He was a member of Thrasher Memorial United Methodist Church and the V.F.W. Post #4522. He married Zelma Callahan and had two daughters, Sara and Judy. Warren Callahan served in the United States Army (32nd Infantry) during the Korean War, 1949-1951. Both brothers enjoyed fishing.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection includes war-time letters from Callahan  family of Vinton, Va., brothers Thomas William Callahan with the United States Marines (1st Marines) during World War II and Warren E. Callahan ("Bud") with the United States Army (32nd Infantry) during the Korean War. Thomas's letters, 1943-1945, follow him from the Marine barracks at Parris Island, S.C., to Japan, and finally to Portsmouth, Va. About half of the letters date from January to May 1944 and are addressed to Julian, Florence, and Warren Callahan. The letters mainly describe everyday military life, including food, weather, and health issues. Two of the letters are from cousin Bill Sheaff, who fought in the war with a different unit. Warren's letters, January 1949-October 1951, follow him from Fort Jackson, S.C., to Japan and Korea. The letters are addressed to Julian, Florence, and Thomas Callahan. The letters mainly detail everyday military life in training camps and overseas. He also described civilian life in Korea and Japan. Three photocopies of wartime photographs accompany Warren's final letter, 20 October 1951. There are negatives for these photographs, but no positive prints.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. World War II Letters, 1943-1945.

About 200 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Letters written during World War II by Pfc. Thomas William Callahan (Co. F, 1st Marines) to Julian, Florence, and Warren Callahan of Vinton, Va. The letters trace Thomas's travels throughout the war, including stops in Parris Island, S.C.; Camp LeJeune, N.C.; Gainesville, Ga.; Montgomery, Ala.; New Orleans, La.; Dublin, Tex.; Belen, N.M.; Camp Elliott, Calif.; Tinian; Okinawa, Japan; and Portsmouth, Va.

The letters date from December 1941 to November 1943. There is at least one letter from every month, although appoximately half of them date from February to May 1944. The letters mainly describe everyday military life, including food, weather, and health issues. Thomas Callahan also pondered what he would do at home after the war. There are also two letters, June and July 1945, from Bill Sheaff, a cousin who fought in Germany.

Folder 1

December 1943 #05134, Series: "1. World War II Letters, 1943-1945. " Folder 1

Folder 2-17

Folder 2

Folder 3

Folder 4

Folder 5

Folder 6

Folder 7

Folder 8

Folder 9

Folder 10

Folder 11

Folder 12

Folder 13

Folder 14

Folder 15

Folder 16

Folder 17

1944 #05134, Series: "1. World War II Letters, 1943-1945. " Folder 2-17

Folder 18-24

Folder 18

Folder 19

Folder 20

Folder 21

Folder 22

Folder 23

Folder 24

January-November 1945 #05134, Series: "1. World War II Letters, 1943-1945. " Folder 18-24

Folder 25

Undated #05134, Series: "1. World War II Letters, 1943-1945. " Folder 25

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Korean War Letters, 1949-1951.

About 270 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Letters written during the Korean War by Sgt. Warren E. Callahan (Hq Co, 32nd Infantry) to Julian, Florence, and Thomas Callahan of Vinton, Va. The letters trace Warren's travels throughout the war, including stops in Fort Jackson, S.C.; Fort Benning, Ga.; Camp Campbell, Ky.; Camp Stoneman, Calif.; Camp Drake, Japan; and Korea. During the last few months, Warren moved back and forth between Korea and Japan.

The letters date from January 1949 to October 1951. There are no letters February-August 1950. There are at least two letters from all other months. Also included are three photocopies of photographs that accompany Warren's final letter, 20 October 1951. There are negatives for these photographs, but no positive prints. The letters mainly detail everyday military life in training camps and overseas. He also described civilian life in Korea and Japan.

Folder 26-33

Folder 26

Folder 27

Folder 28

Folder 29

Folder 30

Folder 31

Folder 32

Folder 33

1949 #05134, Series: "2. Korean War Letters, 1949-1951. " Folder 26-33

Folder 34-40

Folder 34

Folder 35

Folder 36

Folder 37

Folder 38

Folder 39

Folder 40

1950 #05134, Series: "2. Korean War Letters, 1949-1951. " Folder 34-40

Folder 41-52

Folder 41

Folder 42

Folder 43

Folder 44

Folder 45

Folder 46

Folder 47

Folder 48

Folder 49

Folder 50

Folder 51

Folder 52

January-October 1951 #05134, Series: "2. Korean War Letters, 1949-1951. " Folder 41-52

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Items Separated

Items separated include negatives (P-5134/1-3) for the photocopies of photographs attached to the 20 October 1951 letter. There are no positive prints of these photographs.

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