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Collection Number: 00133

Collection Title: Cameron Family Papers, 1757-1978

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Funding from the State Library of North Carolina supported the encoding of this finding aid.

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Size 69.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 33,000 items)
Abstract Cameron family of Orange and Durham counties and Raleigh, N.C. Among antebellum North Carolina's largest landholders and slave holders, the Camerons also owned substantial plantations in Alabama and Mississippi. Prominent family members included Richard Bennehan (1743-1825), merchant; Duncan Cameron (1777-1853), lawyer, judge, banker, and legislator; and Paul C. Cameron (1808-1891), planter, agricultural reformer, and railroad builder. The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence, financial and legal documents, and account books. In addition, there are speeches, writings, printed material, pictures, and miscellaneous other types of personal papers. Included is extensive information about Richard Bennehan's store at Stagville, N.C., and the Stagville and Fairntosh plantations, including crop and slave records. Family correspondence details the familial relationships and social behavior of a wealthy planter family, particularly the women. In addition to documentation about Duncan Cameron's legal career, there is also information about the State Bank of North Carolina and the banking industry, the education of the Cameron children at various schools, the development of the University of North Carolina, the state militia, the Episcopal Church, railroads, and state government.
Creator Cameron family.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
Volume 171 is closed to general use due to its fragile condition; researchers needing to use this volume should consult with a staff member.
This collection contains additional materials that are not processed and are currently not available to researchers. For information about access to these materials, contact Research and Instructional Services staff. Please be advised that preparing unprocessed materials for access can be a lengthy process.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Cameron Family Papers #133, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alternate Form of Material
Microfilm copy available: UPA Microfilm Series J, Part 1.
  • Reel 1: Series 1.1, 1768-1790
  • Reel 2: Series 1.1-1.2, 1791-1799
  • Reel 3: Series 1.2, 1800-1801
  • Reel 4: Series 1.2, 1802-1803
  • Reel 5: Series 1.2, 1803-1804
  • Reel 6: Series 1.2, 1804-1805
  • Reel 7: Series 1.2, 1805-1806
  • Reel 8: Series 1.2, 1806-1807
  • Reel 9: Series 1.2, 1807-1809
  • Reel 10: Series 1.2, 1809-1811
  • Reel 11: Series 1.2, 1812-1813
  • Reel 12: Series 1.2, 1813-1814
  • Reel 13: Series 1.2, 1814-1816
  • Reel 14: Series 1.2, 1816-1818
  • Reel 15: Series 1.2, 1819-1821
  • Reel 16: Series 1.2, 1821-1823
  • Reel 17: Series 1.2, 1823-1825
  • Reel 18: Series 1.2-1.3, 1825-1826
  • Reel 19: Series 1.3, 1826-1828
  • Reel 20: Series 1.3, 1828-1830
  • Reel 21: Series 1.3, 1830-1832
  • Reel 22: Series 1.3, 1833-1834
  • Reel 23: Series 1.3, 1835-1837
  • Reel 24: Series 1.3, 1837-1839
  • Reel 25: Series 1.3, 1840-1841
  • Reel 26: Series 1.3, 1841-1843
  • Reel 27: Series 1.3, 1843-1845
  • Reel 28: Series 1.3, 1845-1846
  • Reel 29: Series 1.3, 1846-1847
  • Reel 30: Series 1.3, 1847-1848
  • Reel 31: Series 1.3, 1848-1850
  • Reel 32: Series 1.3, 1850-1852
  • Reel 33: Series 1.3-1.4, 1852-1853
  • Reel 34: Series 1.4, 1854-1855
  • Reel 35: Series 1.4, 1855-1857
  • Reel 36: Series 1.4, 1857-1860
  • Reel 37: Series 1.4, 1860-1863
  • Reel 38: Series 1.4, 1864-1865; Series 1.7, 1742-1768
  • Reel 39: Series 1.7, 1769-1797
  • Reel 40: Series 1.7, 1798-1821
  • Reel 41: Series 1.7, 1822-1844
  • Reel 42: Series 1.7-1.8, 1845-1872
  • Reel 43: Series 1.8, 1873-1897
  • Reel 44: Series 1.8-2.1.1, 1767-1794
  • Reel 45: Series 2.1.1, 1795-1806
  • Reel 46: Series 2.1.1, 1807-1818
  • Reel 47: Series 2.1.1, 1819-1827
  • Reel 48: Series 2.1.1, 1828-1836
  • Reel 49: Series 2.1.1, 1837-1844
  • Reel 50: Series 2.1.1, 1845-1852
  • Reel 51: Series 2.1.1, 1853-1861
  • Reel 52: Series 2.1.1-2.1.2, 1862-1865; Series 2.1.4-2.2, 1772-1799
  • Reel 53: Series 2.2-2.4, 1761-1908
  • Reel 54: Series 2.4-2.6, 1772-1941
  • Reel 55: Series 2.6-2.9, 1764-1890
  • Reel 56: Series 2.9, 1796-1941
  • Reel 57: Series 4.3-5.2, 1796-1895
  • Reel 58: Series 5.3-5.7, 1807-1889
  • Reel 59: Series 5.8-5.10, 1802-1890; Series 5.12, 1792-1853
  • Reel 60: Series 5.13-6.3,.1 1771-1896; Series 6, volumes 1-17
  • Reel 61: Series 6.3.1-6.4.2, 1785-1785, volumes 18-26
  • Reel 62: Series 6.4.2, 1785-1792, volumes 27-29, 31
  • Reel 63: Series 6.4.2, 1789-1796, volumes 32-44
  • Reel 64: Series 6.4.2, 1796-1807, volumes 45-55
  • Reel 65: Series 6.4.2, 1806-1810, volumes 56-62; Series 6.5.1, 1767-1798, volumes 67-71
  • Reel 66: Series 6.5.1, 1791-1834, volumes72-77; Series 66 6.6-6.7.1, 1768-1811, volumes 87-93
  • Reel 67: Series 6.7.1, 1773-1833, volumes 94-110
  • Reel 68: Series 6.7.1, 1822-1865, volumes 111-130, 143-11, 171-172, 177-180; Series 6.8-6.9, 1819-1925, volumes 143-151; Series 6.11.1, 1821-1840, volumes 171-172; Series 6.11.3-6.12, 1795-1825, volumes 177-180
  • Reel 69: Series 6.8-6.13, 1825-1871, volumes 181-203
Acquisitions Information
The collection was a gift of Sally Mayo Cameron of Raleigh, N.C., and her daughters Isabella Cameron van Lennep of Bridgewater, Conn., and Sally Cameron Labouisse of Richmond, Va.; over two-thirds of the material was received prior to 1941, with smaller additions from family sources made between 1945 and 1991. The 2000 addition was purchased from Charles Apfelbaum (Acc. 98788). An addition was purchased from L & T Respess Books in 2002 (Acc. 99379). An addition was purchased from Carmen Valentino in June 2004 (Acc. 99831) and added to Series 1.4.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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The Cameron family of Orange County was one of antebellum North Carolina's wealthiest families. On the eve of the Civil War, Paul Cameron and his siblings owned over one thousand slaves and nearly thirty thousand acres of plantation land in Orange, Wake, Person, and Granville Counties, as well as plantations in Alabama and Mississippi.

This industrious family originally migrated to the Piedmont of North Carolina from neighboring Virginia, beginning in the mid-eighteenth century. The first to arrive in North Carolina was Richard Bennehan, Paul Cameron's maternal grandfather.

Richard Bennehan was born 15 April 1743, near Warsaw in Richmond County, Va. He was the fifth child of Rachel and Dudley Bennehan, modest landowners of Irish extraction. Dudley Bennehan died when Richard was only six, and did not leave any of his estate to Richard. Instead, Richard was apprenticed to a local merchant. In 1762, he moved to Petersburg, Va., where he was employed by Edward Stabler, a commission merchant. In 1768, William Johnston, a North Carolina backcountry merchant and landowner, offered Bennehan a one-third partnership in the Little River Store, located on Johnston's Snowhill Plantation near Hillsborough, N.C. The store was on the heavily traveled Indian Trading Path that ran through the back country of North Carolina, Virginia, and Georgia.

Bennehan accepted the offer, and moved to North Carolina in late 1768 or early 1769. Because of the store's excellent location and Bennehan's able management, the business prospered. Around 1776, Bennehan began to invest the profits in land and slaves, and in 1776 or 1777, he married Mary Amis of Northampton County, N.C., who also owned land and slaves inherited from her father. Their first home was at Brick House Plantation, formerly owned by Tyree Harris, the sheriff of Orange County, N.C.

When Bennehan's partner William Johnston died in 1785, Bennehan decided to open his own store. He bought property on the Trading Path from Judith Stagg, and opened what was known as the Stagville Store. Soon after, Bennehan built a modest plantation house near the store, and the family moved from Brick House to Stagville.

As a prosperous merchant and landowner, Bennehan soon became involved in the civic life of North Carolina. He apparently had been a genuine patriot in the Revolution and was a close friend of William Richardson Davie, a war hero and governor of the state. Through his association with Davie, Bennehan became an early supporter of the University of North Carolina, donating books and supplies, as well as serving on the University's Board of Visitors and Board of Trustees. Bennehan also served on the commission that planned the new state capitol building in Raleigh.

Richard and Mary Bennehan had two children, Rebecca, born in 1778, and Thomas Dudley, born in 1782. Thomas was one of the first students to attend the University of North Carolina. He matriculated in 1795 as a student in the preparatory school. He received his degree in 1801, after which he returned to Stagville to help his father manage the store and plantation. Thomas Bennehan never married. After his father died in 1825, he inherited the Stagville lands, and continued to live there, tending the store and plantation until his death in 1847. Although not as active in civic matters as his father had been, Thomas Bennehan served on the Board of Trustees of the University for 35 years, from 1812 until his death.

Thomas Bennehan's sister Rebecca was educated at home. When she married Duncan Cameron in 1803, her father gave the newlywed couple land adjoining the Stagville Plantation, where Duncan Cameron built Fairntosh, a grand plantation house.

Duncan Cameron, like Richard Bennehan, was born in Virginia. He was born 15 December 1777, in Mecklenburg County. His father John Cameron was an Anglican minister and a recent immigrant from Scotland, who had married well. John Cameron's wife was Ann Owen Nash, the daughter of Colonel Thomas Nash, one of the King's Attorneys. Her uncle Abner Nash was the governor of North Carolina, her uncle Francis Nash was a general in the Revolution, and her maternal grandfather was Colonel Clement Read, a King's Attorney.

Duncan Cameron was educated by his father, who, in addition to being a minister, ran several academies in the various parishes he served in Virginia. After studying law under Paul Carrington, Duncan Cameron was licensed to practice in 1797. He immediately moved to North Carolina, first to Warrenton, then Martinsville, finally settling in Hillsborough in 1799. Cameron was an ambitious and capable lawyer who soon prospered. Like Bennehan, Duncan Cameron invested in slaves and land.

Cameron's success as a lawyer marked him for the bench and, from 1814 to 1816, he served as Superior Court Judge. He also served several terms in the North Carolina House, in 1806, 1807, 1812, and 1813. He then served three terms in the State Senate in 1819, 1822, and 1823. While in the Senate Cameron served as chairman of the influential Committee on Internal Improvement, which had been originally led by Cameron's friend, Archibald Murphey.

Duncan Cameron's civic service was not limited to politics and law. In 1812, he was appointed Major General of the North Carolina Militia and served in that capacity until 1814. He, like Bennehan, was a devoted friend of the University of North Carolina, serving on the Board of Trustees from 1802 until 1853.

Cameron was instrumental in the development of the Episcopal Church in North Carolina in the 1820s. In 1833, he bought the defunct Episcopal School for Boys in Raleigh, reestablishing it with the Rev. Aldert Smedes as its director. In 1841, the school became Saint Mary's, an Episcopal girls' school, with Rev. Aldert Smedes again as director. The school remained in Cameron family hands until it was sold to the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina in 1897. Duncan Cameron also helped to establish Christ Church in Raleigh, and built Salem Chapel at Fairntosh, which provided a place for family and slaves to worship.

When the State Bank of North Carolina formed in 1811, Duncan Cameron was one of its first directors, and in 1829 he accepted its presidency. Later the bank was dissolved and reformed as the Bank of the State of North Carolina. Cameron served as president of the new bank from 1834 until his resignation in 1849.

Cameron was also a successful businessman. He formed a number of partnerships with various family members to run stores in North Carolina and Virginia. The most important of these partnerships were with his father in law Richard Bennehan and brother in law Thomas Bennehan. The first was a limited partnership drawn up in 1806, giving Thomas Bennehan and Duncan Cameron a share in the management and profits of the store at Fishdam Ford on the Neuse River, opened by Richard Bennehan in 1802. The second partnership drawn up in 1807 was much more extensive. It combined the Bennehan and Cameron plantations, slaves, stores, and flour and saw mills into one powerful and profitable enterprise. The plantations and stores were managed by the Bennehans and overseers, while Duncan Cameron provided his legal and financial expertise to the business.

Cameron was also involved in a partnership beginning in 1802 with his step nephew George Anderson, establishing a store in Hillsborough, N.C., which later moved to Martinsville, Va. In the 1810s, Cameron started a commission merchant firm in Petersburg, Va., with his brother William Cameron and Samuel Snow. These and other business ventures of Duncan Cameron were largely unsuccessful except for the lucrative partnership with Thomas and Richard Bennehan.

Rebecca and Duncan Cameron had eight children, Mary Anne born in 1804, Thomas Amis Dudley in 1806, Paul Carrington in 1808, Margaret Bain in 1811, Rebecca Bennehan in 1813, Jean Syme in 1815, Anne Owen in 1817, and Mildred Coles born in 1820.

The Cameron girls were educated at home by governesses, the most popular of which was Mary McLean Bryant who corresponded with the girls long after she left the Cameron's employ. Only Mary Anne, the eldest, went to school. She attended Jacob Mordecai's Seminary in Warrenton, N.C., for several years, leaving in 1818.

Paul and Thomas had a number of tutors before they were sent away to school, including W. P. Mangum. Finding a school suitable for Thomas, who was retarded, proved difficult. In 1813, he was sent to Lunenberg, Va., to attend his grandfather John Cameron's school. He was then sent to John Rudd's School in Elizabethtown, N.J., and finally, in 1820, to Captain Partridge's school in Norwich, Vt.

Paul attended a number of schools as well. First, he went to the Hillsborough Academy. He started preparatory school at the University of North Carolina in 1824, but was expelled for fighting in 1825. He then transferred to Captain Partridge's school. Finally, he attended Washington College (now Trinity College) in Hartford, Conn., graduating in 1829.

Of the eight children, only Paul and Margaret were healthy. Thomas was either born mentally retarded or suffered a childhood illness that left him enfeebled. Although Thomas Cameron lived until 1870, he was dependent on his family throughout his adult life.

Mary Ann, Rebecca, Jean, and Anne contracted tuberculosis. Despite trips to Warm Springs, Charleston, and Florida, made in hopes of curing or arresting the disease, the girls succumbed one by one. Rebecca, Jean, and Anne died in their twenties, and Mary Anne in her early thirties.

Mildred escaped tuberculosis but she fell prey to an undiagnosed disease which left her partially paralyzed. She traveled to Philadelphia and New York to consult with doctors about a cure, but the doctors efforts were to no avail. Mildred remained an invalid throughout her adult life, with the burden of her care falling on her sister Margaret.

Margaret Bain Cameron lived at home, caring for her sick siblings and her ailing parents and managing the household until she was forty two. Then, in 1853, she married George W. Mordecai, president of the State Bank of North Carolina, who had succeeded Duncan Cameron when he resigned the post in 1849. Margaret and George Mordecai were childless, except for a stillbirth in 1854. Even after her marriage, Margaret Cameron Mordecai continued to care for her sister Mildred. She accompanied Mildred on the trips to Philadelphia and New York which took Margaret away from her husband for months at a time.

Duncan Cameron hoped that his son Paul would become a lawyer. Although Paul read law and passed the bar in 1832, he was not interested in law. He was interested in agriculture, and his ambition was to move to the Deep South and become a cotton planter. However, to please his father, he set up a law practice in Hillsborough, N.C. In 1832, he married Anne Ruffin, daughter of Thomas Ruffin, the noted jurist. At first the newlyweds lived in a house in Hillsborough called Burnside, built by Paul. In 1837, Paul resigned from the bar, and the young couple moved to Fairntosh so that Paul could take over the management of the Cameron plantations. By this time Fairntosh was unoccupied. Duncan Cameron moved to Raleigh permanently in 1836 following his appointment as president of the Bank of the State of North Carolina.

Paul and Anne Cameron lived at Fairntosh from 1837 until the late 1850s, when they moved back to Hillsborough. During the years at Fairntosh, Paul Cameron improved the Cameron lands and added to them. In the 1850s, he purchased a cotton plantation in Greene County, Ala., and another cotton plantation in Tunica County, Miss. Paul Cameron was known as an enthusiastic agricultural reformer, and he was a founding member of North Carolina's earliest agricultural society.

Cameron was also a strong advocate for railroads in North Carolina. In the early 1850s, he contracted to build a large section of the North Carolina Railroad. He also served on the board of directors of the North Carolina Railroad and was elected its president in 1861. Additionally, he was a director of the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad and the Raleigh and Augusta Airline.

Although Paul Cameron was not as politically active as his father, he ran for a seat in the state senate in 1856, and was elected. However, he was defeated when he ran for a second term.

Paul Cameron did not serve in the Confederate Army. He was nonetheless excluded from the general amnesty granted most Southerners by the Union government because of his enormous wealth. He was forced to apply for a special pardon, which he received. Although Paul Cameron's fortune was greatly depleted when the hundreds of slaves he owned were emancipated, the family still owned enough land, stock, and bonds to support themselves through the lean years of Reconstruction. Most of the land was leased to tenant farmers and Paul began to concentrate on the railroads and cotton manufacturing for income.

After Reconstruction, Paul Cameron led the effort to repair and rebuild the University of North Carolina, which had suffered greatly during the Civil War and its chaotic aftermath. He was a member of the Board of Trustees and chairman of the Building Committee. Cameron himself donated the money for the building of the original Memorial Hall, as well as the maple trees that line Cameron Avenue, named in his honor.

Paul and Anne Cameron had a dozen children. Two were stillborn; two died in infancy; one, Mary Amis, died at age eleven. However, the remaining offspring, Rebecca, Anne, Margaret, Duncan, Pauline, Bennehan, and Mildred survived childhood, matured, and married.

Rebecca first married Walker Anderson in 1863, then John Graham in 1867. Anne married George P. Collins in 1860. After the Civil War, Anne and George Collins went to Mississippi to manage Paul Cameron's plantation in Tunica County. Margaret married Robert B. Peebles. Pauline married William Shepard and lived in Edenton. After Pauline's death, her sister Mildred Coles married William Shepard.

Duncan and Bennehan were too young to serve in the Confederate Army and were in school during the Civil War. Duncan was a rebellious child, constantly running away from school and from home. He spent some time in Mississippi living with his sister Anne Collins. Finally, he settled down, married Mary Short, and took over the management of Fairntosh. His untimely death in 1886 was a great blow to his father.

Bennehan Cameron was much more cooperative. He graduated from Virginia Military Institute in 1875. He then moved to Stagville and took over the management of the Plantation. He married Sally Mayo in 1891. After his brother's death, he moved to Fairntosh where he raised horses, for which he had a passion.

Paul Cameron died in 1891 leaving his vast fortune to his wife, his remaining son Bennehan, and his daughters.

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This collection documents many aspects of the personal lives and business affairs of the Cameron family, particularly of its patriarchs Richard Bennehan, Bennehan's son-in-law Duncan Cameron, and Duncan Cameron's son Paul Carrington Cameron. Although the papers date from 1757 to 1978, the bulk of the material pertains to the period 1800 to 1890. Material from the 18th century, while not plentiful, does provide documentation of Richard Bennehan's mercantile enterprises in Orange County, N.C. Material from the 20th century chiefly deals with the settlement of Paul Cameron's estate. The only significant gap in the papers that document the Cameron's activities from 1800 to 1890 is material dating from the Civil War. Material from the Civil War is sparse because Anne Ruffin Cameron and Bennehan Cameron burned Paul Cameron's papers for the period, apparently to destroy evidence of his support of the Confederacy.

The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence, financial and legal documents, and volumes. In addition there are speeches, writings, printed material, pictures, and miscellaneous other types of personal papers.

This collection is a rich source of information on a number of topics. Series 1 (Correspondence) provides many details about familial relationships and social behavior of a wealthy Southern planter family. There is significantly more information about Cameron men than about Cameron women, particularly in material from the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. However, after about 1830 the women are represented in correspondence more fully, particularly by Anne Ruffin Cameron and Margaret Cameron Mordecai. In addition to Bennehan Cameron family correspondence, there are also some Mordecai family letters and Nash family letters in Series 1.

Series 2 (Family Financial and Legal Papers) and Series 6 (Volumes) contain extensive information about the Stagville Plantation and Fairntosh Plantation, as well as plantations in Person County, Wake County, and Granville County, and in Mississippi and Alabama. These materials provide minute details about crops, stock, tools, buildings, and management of these lucrative enterprises. There is a wealth of information about the slave labor force on the plantations, their original owners, where they were bought, how much they cost, their names, their ages, where they worked, what they did, what they wore, and their illnesses. These papers also document the transportation and marketing of the agricultural products of the plantations.

Series 2 and Series 6 also provide a wealth of information about the Stagville Store, other stores, sawmills, grist mills, and blacksmith shops located on the Cameron lands.

Series 3 (Duncan Cameron's Legal Papers) provide extensive documentation of Duncan Cameron's legal career from 1797 until about 1817 as an attorney and superior court judge.

The papers also contain some information about the birth and development of important institutions in North Carolina: the State Bank, the University of North Carolina, the North Carolina State Militia, the Episcopal Church, railroads, and state government, in all of which the Camerons were actively involved.

Duncan Cameron's involvement in the State Bank of North Carolina, the Bank of the State of North Carolina, and other banks is documented extensively in Series 1 and Subseries 5.2 (Bank Material). Richard Bennehan, Duncan Cameron, and Paul Cameron all served on the Board of Trustees of the University of North Carolina. Letters from University presidents and other board members can be found in Series 1. Documentation of monetary contributions to the University are in Subseries 2.1 (Accounts). Duncan Cameron's service as a Major General in the North Carolina State Militia after the War of 1812 is documented in Subseries 5.3. The Camerons' involvement in the development of the Episcopal Church in North Carolina in the early nineteenth century is documented by letters from bishops and others in Series 1; by receipts, deeds, and other documents in Series 2; and by printed material in Subseries 5.4 (Church Material). Papers pertaining to the North Carolina Railroad and other railroads are found in Subseries 2.1 (Accounts) and Subseries 5.9 (Railroads). Correspondence pertaining to the railroads is in Series 1. Duncan Cameron's service in the House of Commons and State Senate representing Orange County is documented in Series 1 and in Subseries 5.8 (Politics).

The original order of this collection is unknown except for some material in an addition received in 1983. That material is now located in Subseries 2.6. (Estate Papers) and remains much as it arrived.

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Contents list

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1. Correspondence, 1757-1935 and undated.
1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated.
1.2. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan, Duncan Cameron, and their Families, 1797-1825.
1.2.1. 1797-1799.
1.2.2. 1800-1809.
1.2.3. 1810-1819.
1.2.4. 1820-1825.
1.3. Correspondence of Thomas Bennehan and of Duncan Cameron and his Family, 1826-1853.
1.3.1. 1826-1829.
1.3.2. 1830-1839.
1.3.3. 1840-1849.
1.3.4. 1850-1853.
1.4. Correspondence of Paul Cameron and Margaret Cameron Mordecai, 1854-April 1865.
1.4.1. 1854-1859.
1.4.2. 1860-April 1865.
1.5. Correspondence of Paul Cameron and Margaret Mordecai, May 1865-1889.
1.5.1. May 1865-1869.
1.5.2. 1870-1889.
1.6. Correspondence of Anne Ruffin Cameron and Her Family, 1890-1935.
1.6.1. 1890-1897.
1.6.2. 1898-1935.
1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated.
1.8. Incoming Correspondence, undated.
2. Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1761-1942 and undated.
2.1. Accounts, 1767-1942 and undated.
2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated.
2.1.2. Civil War Accounts, April 1861-April 1865.
2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942.
2.1.4. Undated Accounts.
2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated.
2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated.
2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated.
2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889.
2.6. Estate Papers, 1804-1942.
2.7. Wills, 1764-1891.
2.8. Insurance, 1820-1889.
2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941.
3. Duncan Cameron's Legal Papers, 1797-1837 and undated.
3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s.
3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated.
3.3. Blank Forms, undated.
4. Speeches and Writings, 1796-1892.
4.1. Speeches, 1796-1806 and undated.
4.2. Poetry, 1824-1883 and undated.
4.3. Compositions and Notes, 1796-1871 and undated.
4.4. Other Writings, 1892 and undated.
5. Other Papers, 1807-1961 and undated.
5.1. School Material, 1814-1890.
5.2. Bank Material, 1811-1890.
5.3. Military, 1807-1865.
5.4. Church Material, 1817-1889.
5.5. Stagville Post Office, 1824-1844.
5.6. Recipes and Instructions, 1816-1884 and undated.
5.7. Remedies and Prescriptions, 1809-1877 and undated.
5.8. Politics, 1806-1876 and undated.
5.9. Railroads, 1841-1878.
5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated.
5.11. Invitations and Calling Cards, 1866-1896 and undated.
5.12. Buildings and Grounds, 1792-1853 and undated.
5.13. Family History, 1812-1961.
5.14. Notes and Fragments, undated.
6. Volumes, 1767-1978 and undated.
6.1. Letter Books, 1771-1803.
6.2. Bank Books, 1811-1891.
6.3. Cash Books, 1794-1898.
6.3.1. Antebellum Cash Books, 1794-1805.
6.3.2. Post-Civil War Cash Book, 1889-1898.
6.4. Daybooks, 1773-1886.
6.4.1. Johnston-Bennehan Daybooks, 1773-1785.
6.4.2. Richard Bennehan Daybooks, 1785-1810.
6.4.3. Duncan Cameron III and Bennehan Cameron Daybooks, 1881-1886.
6.5. Ledgers, 1767-1894.
6.5.1. Antebellum Ledgers, 1767-1834.
6.5.2. Post-Civil War Ledgers, 1881-1894.
6.6. Ready Money Sales, 1784-1811.
6.7. Other Account Books, 1768-1887.
6.7.1. Other Antebellum and Civil War Era Account Books, 1768-1865.
6.7.2. Other Post-Civil War Era Account Books, 1870-1892.
6.8. Surveys, 1819-1890.
6.9. Estate Papers, 1785-1925.
6.10. Legal Volumes, 1793-1812.
6.11. Diaries, 1821-1889 and undated.
6.11.1. Antebellum Diaries, 1821, 1839-1840.
6.11.2. Post-Civil War Farm Diaries, 1887-1889.
6.11.3. Diary, undated.
6.12. School, 1795-1831 and undated.
6.13. Other Volumes, 1800-1978 and undated.
7. Pictures, circa 1790-1973.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence, 1757-1935 and undated.

About 27,500 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Business and personal correspondence of the Cameron family, particularly of Richard Bennehan (1743-1825), Duncan Cameron (1777-1853), and Paul Cameron (1808-1891). There is some correspondence of Thomas Bennehan (1782-1847) and Margaret Cameron Mordecai (1811-1886). Some Nash family and Mordecai family correspondence is included among the Cameron letters.

The series is divided into eight subseries. The first six subseries divide the Cameron correspondence which spans 180 years into smaller time periods during which one or more of the Bennehan or Cameron men was dominant. The last two subseries contain undated letters: subseries 1.7 contains undated letters written by members of the Cameron family; subseries 1.8 contains letters written by non family members.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated.

About 1288 items.

Business and personal correspondence of Richard Bennehan, his son Thomas Bennehan, his daughter Rebecca Bennehan, and his wife Mary Amis Bennehan. During the years covered by this subseries, Richard Bennehan was in business with William Johnston, and then in business for himself. The material in this subseries predates the arrival of Duncan Cameron in North Carolina.

The bulk of this material consists of business letters to Richard Bennehan from his partner William Johnston of Hillsborough, N.C., with whom Bennehan owned the Little River Store, and from Bennehan's factor and former employer Edward Stabler of Petersburg, Va. Among Bennehan's other business correspondents are merchants David Buchanan of Petersburg, Va., John Alston of Glasgow, Scotland, James Gibson of Suffolk, Va., and Andrew Miller of Halifax, N.C.

Letters chiefly focus on various aspects of the mercantile business, particularly on market conditions, transportation problems, counterfeit money, and prices for tobacco, sugar, rum, and salt. In these letters, there are some passing references made to the War of Regulation, the American Revolution, the Constitution, and the economy. A letter, dated 9 June 1771, from William Johnston anticipates Governor Tryon's arrival in Hillsborough after the Battle of Alamance. In a letter, dated 15 February 1776, Bennehan's participation in the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge is alluded to. William Johnston's death in 1785 is documented, as is Bennehan's subsequent purchase of the Stagville property and building of the Stagville Store in 1787.

Business letters to Richard Bennehan written after 1789 chiefly consist of letters from Ebenezer Stott of Petersburg, Va., who was Bennehan's primary factor during the 1790s. These letters frequently include statements of account, in addition to the usual discussions of market conditions and news.

Among Bennehan's other correspondents during this period are Jesse Benton, William Richardson Davie, Thomas Hart, Allen Jones, Nathaniel Rochester, and Samuel Ashe. A letter, dated 13 July 1796, from Ashe documents Bennehan's gift of books to the library at the University of North Carolina.

Thomas Bennehan's correspondence with his parents Richard and Mary Amis Bennehan and his sister Rebecca date from 1795, when Thomas left for Chapel Hill, N.C., to attend the preparatory school at the University, to 1801, when he graduated from UNC.

The letters between Thomas and Rebecca are particularly numerous. There is only one letter written by Mary Amis Bennehan to Thomas, but there are frequent exchanges between father and son. There are also several letters to Thomas from his classmates, including his cousin Thomas Gale Amis.

There are few letters written to Bennehan in Virginia before he moved to North Carolina in 1768. There are no letters from Bennehan's relatives except for letters from his wife's brother Thomas Amis of Halifax County, N.C.

For financial material pertaining to the Little River Store and the Stagville Store, see Subseries 2.1.1., 6.1., and 6.3. 6.7. For other documentation of Richard Bennehan's contributions to the University of North Carolina, see Subseries 2.1.1.

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1757-1768 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 1

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1769 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 2

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1770 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 3-5

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1771 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 6-8

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1772 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 9-12

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1773 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 13-17

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1774 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 18-21

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1775 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 22-24

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1776 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 25

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1777-1778 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 26

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1779 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 27

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1780-1781 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 28

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1782 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 29

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1783 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 30-31

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1784 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 32

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1785 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 33-35

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1786 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 36-37

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1787 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 38-40

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1788 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 41-43

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1789 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 44-46

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1790 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 47-49

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1791 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 50-51

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1792 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 52-54

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1793 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 55-56

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1794 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 57-58

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1795 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 59-61

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1796 #00133, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan and his family, 1757-1796 and undated." Folder 62-64

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.2. Correspondence of Richard Bennehan, Duncan Cameron, and their Families, 1797-1825.

About 10,300 items.

The bulk of material in this subseries is from the period when Duncan Cameron and Richard Bennehan were in business together. The earliest material in this subseries actually predates Duncan Cameron's marriage to Rebecca Bennehan and his business dealings with her father. The subseries ends with the death of Richard Bennehan.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.2.1. 1797-1799.

Chiefly business letters to Richard Bennehan, with some business and personal letters of Duncan Cameron. Richard Bennehan corresponded frequently with his factor Ebenezer Stott of Petersburg, Va., during these years. There are also occasional letters from other merchants, as well as from Bennehan's friends, William Richardson Davie, Jesse Benton, and Samuel Ashe.

Throughout these years there are numerous letters between Richard Bennehan and his son Thomas who was studying at the University of North Carolina. There are also letters between Thomas Bennehan and his sister Rebecca, who remained at home. These letters both provide information about student life in the early days of the University, and suggest the character of the Bennehans' family ties.

Letters written to Duncan Cameron are from members of his family in Virginia, and from clients and associates. There are letters from Duncan Cameron's father John Cameron, his brothers John and William, and his sisters Jean and Anna, all of whom lived in Lunenberg, Va. Duncan Cameron's sister, Mary Read Anderson, and her husband Daniel Anderson of Petersburg, Va., were frequent correspondents, as was Duncan Cameron's uncle Ewen Cameron of Franklin, Tenn. Among Duncan Cameron's other correspondents are William Richardson Davie, Archibald D. Murphey, James Turner, John Hogg, John Lenox, and Richard Henderson.

Some scattered correspondence between Frederick Nash, who was Cameron's cousin, and Nash's mother Mary Witherspoon is included. During this period Frederick Nash attended Princeton University and wrote to his mother in New Bern, N.C.

For further documentation of Duncan Cameron's legal practice see Series 3 and Subseries 6.10.

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1797 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.1. 1797-1799." Folder 65-67

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1798 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.1. 1797-1799." Folder 68-72

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1799 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.1. 1797-1799." Folder 73-83

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.2.2. 1800-1809.

Chiefly letters to Richard Bennehan and Duncan Cameron, with some letters to Thomas Bennehan and Rebecca Bennehan Cameron. Included are drafts or copies of some of Duncan Cameron's outgoing letters.

Richard Bennehan's correspondents include his factors in Petersburg, Va., particularly Ebenezer Stott, and his friends and associates William Richardson Davie, Robert Williams, Joseph Caldwell, and Richard Henderson. There are no letters from Bennehan's Virginia relatives except for his nephew William Bennehan, who moved to North Carolina in the 1790s and worked at the Stagville Store and then at the store at Fishdam Ford until his death in 1806. There are several letters from members of the Amis family of Halifax and Northampton counties, N.C. The letters mostly pertain to breeding horses, which was of particular interest to the Amises because they owned Sir Archie, a stud horse who had been a star racing thoroughbred.

After Richard's daughter Rebecca married Duncan Cameron in 1803, there are many letters to Richard Bennehan from Cameron. Beginning in 1806, these letters document the lucrative partnership between Duncan Cameron and Richard and Thomas Bennehan, which combined their lands and stores into a thriving business.

Duncan Cameron's correspondents included clients from his legal practice, and friends, especially William Richardson Davie, James Webb, Joseph Gales, Archibald Murphey, and Willie P. Mangum. Cameron's family in Virginia were regular correspondents. There are many letters from his father John Cameron of Lunenberg, Va., and from his sisters Mary Read Anderson and Jean Syme of Petersburg, Va. These letters document Duncan Cameron's support of his younger brothers William and John Cameron who were sent to the University of North Carolina by Duncan and then employed by him in Hillsborough, N.C., as clerks in his law office and clerks in the store in Hillsborough run by Cameron's step nephew George Anderson. There are also letters regularly from Richard Bennehan and Thomas Bennehan.

In 1800 and 1801, there are letters from Thomas Bennehan to his parents and to sister Rebecca written while Thomas was at the University of North Carolina. Throughout the decade there are letters to Thomas Bennehan from his cousin Thomas Gale Amis who was an orphan and had been sent to the University with his cousin by Richard Bennehan. After Thomas Amis's graduation, he worked on merchant ships in the West Indies. According to Jean Anderson in her book Piedmont Plantation, Amis may have been sent away because he was in love with Rebecca. His letters to Thomas Bennehan richly describe Guadeloupe, Santo Domingo, and other Caribbean ports, and his perceptions of slavery and the slave rebellion in the West Indies.

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1800 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.2. 1800-1809." Folder 84-97

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1801 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.2. 1800-1809." Folder 98-121

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1802 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.2. 1800-1809." Folder 122-148

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1803 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.2. 1800-1809." Folder 149-170

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1804 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.2. 1800-1809." Folder 171-201

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1805 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.2. 1800-1809." Folder 202-230

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1806 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.2. 1800-1809." Folder 231-258

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1807 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.2. 1800-1809." Folder 259-276

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1808 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.2. 1800-1809." Folder 277-292

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1809 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.2. 1800-1809." Folder 293-301

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.2.3. 1810-1819.

Chiefly letters to Duncan Cameron from members of his family, business partners, clients, factors, and friends. There are a few of Duncan Cameron's outgoing letters to members of his family and scattered manuscript copies of outgoing business letters. Some correspondence of Richard Bennehan, Thomas Bennehan, and Rebecca Bennehan Cameron is also included. In addition, there are scattered letters to Duncan Cameron's cousin Frederick Nash from clients, letters to Nash's wife Mary from her sisters, and some correspondence between brothers Samuel and George W. Mordecai.

Duncan Cameron's most frequent correspondents during this period were his siblings, Mary Read Anderson of Petersburg, Va., William Cameron of Petersburg, John Adams Cameron of Fayetteville, N.C., and Jean Syme of Petersburg. Mary Read Anderson, always a diligent correspondent, wrote even more often during this period because her husband Daniel Anderson died, making Duncan Cameron the executor of his will and the guardian of his sons, William and Walker Anderson.

William Cameron and Samuel Snow, who were Duncan Cameron's partners in a mercantile business in Petersburg, wrote frequently to Duncan Cameron, keeping him abreast of market conditions. John Adams Cameron, who depended on his brother for financial aid after a debilitating wound in the War of 1812, was a frequent correspondent.

Duncan Cameron's brother Thomas Cameron of Pa., and his parents John and Mary Owen Cameron of Lunenberg, Va., wrote to Duncan occasionally. There are several letters from Duncan Cameron's cousin, or perhaps uncle, Ewen Cameron of Franklin, Tenn. Beginning in 1818, there are occasional letters from Duncan Cameron's nephew Walker Anderson who was attending The University of North Carolina. There are also several letters from Frederick Nash.

Rebecca Bennehan Cameron also received letters from Duncan's family. In 1817 and 1818, she also received regular letters from her daughter Mary Anne Cameron who attended Mordecai Female Seminary in Warrenton, N.C. Notes from Mary Anne's teachers about her deportment and scholastic progress often appear on the backs of Mary Anne's letters.

Duncan Cameron's legal practice and subsequent appointment to a Superior Court judgeship frequently took him away from home to county courts across North Carolina. There are many letters from Rebecca to Duncan during these absences keeping Duncan informed about the health of the family. Richard and Thomas Bennehan also wrote to Duncan when he was away, consulting with him about business matters involving their partnership.

Very little of Richard and Thomas Bennehan's correspondence is preserved for this period. There are a few letters exchanged between the two when one was away on business, or when, in 1813, Richard was taking a water cure in Warm Springs, Va. Richard Bennehan's nephew Richard Bennehan wrote occasionally from Richmond County, Va. Several members of the Amis family wrote to Bennehan, mostly concerning horse breeding, especially about the famous stud horse and thoroughbred racer Sir Archie. Thomas Bennehan and Rebecca Bennehan Cameron received some letters from their cousins Frances Goodwin Smith and Mary Phillips.

In addition to Duncan Cameron's voluminous family correspondence, there is also substantial correspondence dealing with his legal practice and his various business partnerships. There are many letters from mercantile businesses on the eastern seaboard that employed Cameron as lawyer primarily to collect debts on their behalf. There are also letters from merchants/factors from whom Duncan Cameron bought goods to stock stores he owned and to whom he supplied tobacco and wheat grown on the Bennehan Cameron lands or that he had accepted as payment at the Bennehan Cameron stores. The most frequent merchant correspondents for this period are Rogers and Winthrop of New York, Ebenezer Stott of Petersburg, Roger Lamberth of New York, Pattison Hartshorne of Philadelphia, McEwen, Hale, and Davidson of Philadelphia, John MacMillian of Fayetteville, John Hogg of Wilmington, N.C., Edward Lyde of New York, Robert Walker of Petersburg, W. Haxell of Petersburg, John Thompkins of Richmond, and John and James Dunlop of England. There are also letters from Sam Yarborough who ran the Stagville Store and from Sam Dickins, a plantation overseer.

There are also many letters from other clients for whom Duncan Cameron did legal work as well as from other lawyers with whom Cameron worked. Extensive correspondence concerns the settlement of the estate of Absolum Tatum of Nashville, Tenn. Cameron worked on this case with Abram Maury, a Nashville lawyer, and Samuel Goodwin, comptroller general of North Carolina.

Duncan Cameron was extensively involved in the establishment of the State Bank of North Carolina during this period. He corresponded regularly with bank officers and the officers of other North Carolina banks. Among his correspondents were William Polk, William H. Haywood, John Haywood, William Boylan, Peter Browne, and J. W. Wright.

Various North Carolina senators and representatives in the United States Congress wrote to Duncan Cameron periodically informing him of legislation dealing with trade, and giving him news about the embargo, the War of 1812, and the Treaty of Paris. There are letters to Cameron from a number of individuals in Washington including James Turner, Archibald McBryde, William Gaston, James Culpepper, and Richard Stanford.

During this period, Duncan Cameron was a representative in the North Carolina House of Commons and Senate. In 1819, when he became a senator, he became chairman of the influential Internal Improvement Committee originally led by Cameron's friend Archibald Murphey. Correspondence from this period, especially letters from Archibald Murphey, documents Cameron's involvement in state politics.

From 1814 to 1816, when Cameron served as a major general in the North Carolina Militia, he received letters from Robert Williams, the adjutant general, dealing with militia matters. Other correspondents include Richard Henderson, Paul Carrington, James Webb, John Devereaux, Thomas B. Littlejohn, Walter Alves, W. G. Grove, William Norwood, and Thomas Ruffin.

For more information on the State Bank of North Carolina, see Subseries 5.2. For more documentation relating to Duncan Cameron's service in the Militia see Subseries 5.3. For more material relating to Duncan Cameron's legal practice, see Series 3 and Subseries 6.10. For documentation of the Bennehans' and Camerons' financial relationships with their factors, see Subseries 2.1 and 2.9. For further documentation of Duncan Cameron's participation in the Committee for Internal Improvement, see Subseries 5.8.

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1810 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.3. 1810-1819." Folder 302-313

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1811 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.3. 1810-1819." Folder 314-330

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1812 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.3. 1810-1819." Folder 331-351

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1813 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.3. 1810-1819." Folder 352-374

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1814 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.3. 1810-1819." Folder 375-398

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1815 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.3. 1810-1819." Folder 399-418

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1816 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.3. 1810-1819." Folder 419-430

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1817 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.3. 1810-1819." Folder 431-444

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1818 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.3. 1810-1819." Folder 445-460

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1819 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.3. 1810-1819." Folder 461-476

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.2.4. 1820-1825.

Chiefly business and family letters written to Duncan Cameron, and some letters addressed to Richard Bennehan and to Thomas Bennehan. A few letters to Rebecca Bennehan Cameron and her daughter Mary Anne Cameron from family members are included. Correspondence between George W. Mordecai and his sister Mrs. Lazarus of Wilmington, N.C., is also included.

Duncan Cameron's siblings Mary Read Anderson, Jean Syme, John Adams Cameron, William Cameron, and Thomas Cameron wrote to him frequently, communicating family news and asking his advice. There are occasional letters from Cameron's mother Anne Owen Cameron, his uncle or cousin Ewen Cameron of Franklin, Tenn., his step nephew George Anderson, his nephew Walker Anderson, and his nephew William Anderson while he was attending the University of North Carolina from 1822 to 1826.

There are letters from Duncan Cameron's son Paul Cameron to Paul's sister Mary Anne and to his parents from the various schools he attended, including the University of North Carolina from which he was expelled in 1824, and Partridge's Academy (1825 and 1826). Included are letters from Paul's instructors concerning his progress in school and his deportment. There are letters from John Rudd who ran a school in Elizabethtown, Conn., and from Captain Partridge about the progress of Paul's brother Thomas who also attended school. Thomas was probably mentally retarded.

Duncan Cameron's involvement in the Episcopal Church is well documented. He received regular correspondence from General Theological Seminary in New York on whose board of trustees he served. He corresponded with Bishop John Ravenscroft about various church matters. Ravenscroft and Cameron were also involved in business dealings together. Cameron was also a vice president of the American Bible Society and the American Sunday School Society during the 1820s and received regular correspondence from the two organizations.

During this period Duncan Cameron was involved in the State Bank of North Carolina. He corresponded with J. W. Wright of the Bank of Cape Fear, Samuel Haywood of the Bank of New Bern, William H. Haywood and Peter Browne of the State Bank, and John Brockenbrough and William Dandridge of the Bank of Virginia.

The Bennehans and Camerons corresponded with many merchants who served as their commission merchants and for whom Duncan Cameron collected debts. Among these merchant firms are Ebenezer Stott of Petersburg, Va., Robert Hamilton of Petersburg, James Davidson of Petersburg, Charles C. Watson of Philadelphia, Hamilton and Donaldson of New York, Duncan Thompson of Fayetteville, N.C., and John Taylor of Wilmington.

Other frequent correspondents of Duncan Cameron, Richard Bennehan, and Thomas Bennehan from the 1820s include Thomas Ruffin, Archibald Murphey, Richard Henderson, Dr. James Webb, Walter Alves, William Polk, William Boylan, Thomas B. Littlejohn, Joseph Gales, James Mebane, Joseph B. Skinner, William Norwood, Joseph Caldwell, Elisha Mitchell, Charles Manley, Samuel Yarborough, Thomas Devereaux, John Hogg, James Latta, Samuel Snow, and Dr. Lenco Mitchell. There is a letter in 1823 from Henry Clay recommending a Virginia lawyer to work in North Carolina.

For more documentation of the Bennehans' and Camerons' dealings with their factors, see Subseries 2.1. For more information on the schooling of the Cameron children see Subseries 4.3, 5.1, and 6.12. For further documentation of Duncan Cameron's involvement in the State Bank of North Carolina, see Subseries 5.2.

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1820 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.4. 1820-1825." Folder 477-488

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1821 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.4. 1820-1825." Folder 489-507

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1822 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.4. 1820-1825." Folder 508-524

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1823 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.4. 1820-1825." Folder 525-540

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1824 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.4. 1820-1825." Folder 541-559

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1825 #00133, Subseries: "1.2.4. 1820-1825." Folder 560-580

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.3. Correspondence of Thomas Bennehan and of Duncan Cameron and his Family, 1826-1853.

About 1,090 items.

This subseries chiefly contains letters written to Duncan Cameron, with some letters to Thomas Bennehan and other family members. This material documents the period during which Duncan Cameron was the sole patriarch of the Cameron Family. The subseries ends with his death.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.3.1. 1826-1829.

Chiefly business and family letters written to Duncan Cameron. There are some letters addressed to Thomas Bennehan. A few letters to Rebecca Bennehan Cameron and her daughter Mary Anne Cameron from family members are included. Correspondence between George W. Mordecai and his sister Mrs. Lazarus of Wilmington, N.C., is also included.

There are many letters from Duncan Cameron's siblings Mary Read Anderson, Jean Syme, John Adams Cameron, William Cameron, and Thomas Cameron who wrote to him frequently communicating family news and asking his advice. There are occasional letters from Cameron's uncle or cousin Ewen Cameron of Franklin, Tenn., his step nephew George Anderson, and his nephews Walker Anderson and William Anderson.

There are letters from Duncan Cameron's son Paul Cameron at Washington College (now Trinity College) in Hartford, Conn., from 1826 until Paul's graduation in 1829. Included are letters from Paul's instructors concerning his progress in school and his deportment. There are letters from Captain Partridge about the progress of Paul's brother Thomas (apparently mentally retarded) who attended Partridge's school.

Duncan Cameron's involvement in the Episcopal Church during the late 1820s is well documented. Correspondents include Bishop John Ravenscroft, Bishop Brownell, Rev. William Mercer Green, and Rev. Richard Mason. Duncan Cameron received regular correspondence from General Theological Seminary in New York on whose board of trustees he served. He was also a vice president of the American Bible Society and the American Sunday School Society throughout the 1820s and received regular correspondence from the two organizations.

In the late 1820s, Duncan Cameron became more deeply involved in the State Bank of North Carolina, and in 1829 he was made president of the bank. He corresponded frequently with other officers and stockholders in the State Bank, as well as with officials of other banks in North Carolina and Virginia. Correspondents included William Haywood, William Boylan, John Haywood, and Peter Browne of the State Bank. Cameron also corresponded with J. W. Wright of the Bank of Cape Fear, Samuel Haywood of the Bank of New Bern, and John Brockenbrough and William Dandridge of the Bank of Virginia.

Duncan Cameron and Thomas Bennehan corresponded with many merchants who served as their commission merchants and for whom Duncan Cameron collected debts. Among these merchant firms are Ebenezer Stott of Petersburg, Va., Thomas and Robert Dunn of Petersburg, Robert Hamilton of Petersburg, James Davidson of Petersburg, Charles C. Watson of Philadelphia, Hamilton and Donaldson of New York, Duncan Thompson of Fayetteville, N.C., John Huske of Fayetteville, and John Taylor of Wilmington.

Other frequent correspondents of Duncan Cameron, from 1826 to 1829, include Thomas Ruffin, William H. Haywood, Jr., Archibald Murphey, Richard Henderson, Dr. James Webb, Walter Alves, William Polk, William Boylan, John Haywood, Thomas B. Littlejohn, John Buford, Samuel Ashe, Joseph Gales, Dr. Joseph Umstead, W. P. Mangum, William Cain, James Mebane, William Kirkland, Joseph B. Skinner, John Hawkins, Gavin Hogg, William Norwood, Joseph Caldwell, Elisha Mitchell, Charles Manley, Samuel Yarborough, and Dr. Lenco Mitchell. There is a letter from Henry Clay in 1827, referring to an earlier recommendation he made in 1823.

For more documentation of the dealings of Thomas Bennehan and Duncan Cameron with their factors, see Subseries 2.1. For more information on the schooling of the Cameron children, see Subseries 4.3, 5.1, and 6.12. For further documentation of Duncan Cameron's involvement in the State Bank of North Carolina, see Subseries 5.2.

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1826 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.1. 1826-1829." Folder 581-598

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1827 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.1. 1826-1829." Folder 599-614

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1828 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.1. 1826-1829." Folder 615-633

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1829 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.1. 1826-1829." Folder 634-647

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.3.2. 1830-1839.

Chiefly letters to Duncan Cameron from business associates, friends, and family. There are also some letters to Thomas Bennehan, some letters to Paul Cameron, some to Anne Ruffin Cameron, and letters to other Cameron women from aunts, cousins, and their governess Mary McLean Bryant.

Duncan Cameron's sisters and brother Mary Read Anderson and Jean Syme of Petersburg, Va., and John Adams Cameron of Fayetteville, N.C., wrote to Duncan often. John Adams Cameron also wrote from Vera Cruz, Mexico, where he was serving as United States consul. William and Walker Anderson, Duncan Cameron's nephews, also wrote to him frequently. During this period, Rebecca Bennehan Cameron and her daughters received frequent letters from Mary Read Anderson, Jean Syme, and many cousins relating family news. Included are a few of Paul Cameron's letters to Anne Ruffin Cameron before they married in 1832 and some of their correspondence after they married. There are letters to Anne Ruffin Cameron from her relatives, including Thomas Ruffin, Alice Ruffin, Catherine Roulhac, J. G. Roulhac, and members of the Kirkland family.

Family letters particularly document the following topics: Anne Ruffin Cameron's stillborn children in 1835 and 1836; Paul Cameron's dissatisfaction with law, his resignation from the bar, and his move to Fairntosh in 1837; Duncan Cameron's permanent move to Raleigh, N.C., in 1836; Duncan Cameron's daughters' struggles with tuberculosis and family trips made to various springs in search of a cure for the disease; the trip south to Charleston, S.C., and Florida in 1839 to try to cure Anne Owen Cameron; and, finally, the deaths of four of Duncan Cameron's daughters from tuberculosis.

During the 1830s Duncan Cameron was deeply involved in the Bank of the State of North Carolina. He was made president of the institution in 1834, prompting his move to Raleigh in 1836. He frequently corresponded with the officers, stockholders, and board members of the State Bank as well as with officers of other banks in North Carolina and Virginia. Among his correspondents were Charles Dewey, George Mordecai, Peter Browne, and E. P. Guion of the State Bank, Samuel Haywood of the Bank of New Bern, S. W. Wright of the Bank of Cape Fear, and an officer of the Bank of Virginia.

Duncan Cameron continued his active involvement in the Episcopal Church in North Carolina during the 1830s. His purchase of the defunct Episcopal Boys School of Raleigh, in 1833, is documented, as is the School's metamorphosis into Saint Mary's School for Girls in 1837. He continued to serve on the Board of the General Theological Seminary in New York and as vice president of the American Bible Society, receiving regular letters from these organizations. In 1831, his service as a lay delegate to the North Carolina Diocesan Convention is documented. During the 1830s, Cameron corresponded with Rev. William Mercer Green, Bishop Levi Silliman Ives, and Rev. George Freeman.

Throughout this period the plantation holdings of the Bennehans and Camerons continued to grow. There are many letters from the family's factors, particularly Keven and Hamilton of Petersburg, John Huske of Fayetteville, Hamilton and Company of New York, and Charles Watson of Philadelphia. There are letters from the millers and overseers whom the family employed to manage the slaves and operate the sawmills and grist mills on the rivers that ran across their land. These letters as well as the family letters document details about slavery, agriculture, the Stagville Store, and the post office at Stagville.

Other frequent correspondents of the Camerons and Bennehans include Dr. James Webb, Gavin Hogg, William Gaston, John Devereaux, Archibald Murphey, John D. Hawkins, W. P. Mangum, James Mebane, Joseph Gales, Thomas Littlejohn, William H. Haywood, William Boylan, William A. Graham, and John Kirkland.

For further information on banks, see Subseries 5.2. For documentation of the sale of the Episcopal Boys School in Raleigh to Duncan Cameron, in 1833, see Subseries 2.1. For other documentation of the family's involvement in the Episcopal Church, see Subseries 5.4. For documentation of the financial transactions between the Camerons and Bennehans and their factors see Subseries 2.1.

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1830 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.2. 1830-1839." Folder 648-665

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1831 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.2. 1830-1839." Folder 666-684

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1832 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.2. 1830-1839." Folder 685-704

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1833 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.2. 1830-1839." Folder 705-723

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1834 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.2. 1830-1839." Folder 724-741

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1835 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.2. 1830-1839." Folder 742-760

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1836 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.2. 1830-1839." Folder 761-779

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1837 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.2. 1830-1839." Folder 780-788

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1838 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.2. 1830-1839." Folder 789-803

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1839 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.2. 1830-1839." Folder 804-820

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.3.3. 1840-1849.

Chiefly business and family letters to Duncan Cameron, correspondence between Duncan Cameron and Paul Cameron, and letters from relatives to Anne Ruffin Cameron, Margaret Bain Cameron, and Mildred Coles Cameron.

In the 1840s, Duncan Cameron continued to correspond regularly with his sisters, Mary Read Anderson (until her death in 1844) and Jean Syme (until her death in 1846). Duncan Cameron also received regular correspondence from his nephews William Anderson of Wilmington, N.C., and Walker Anderson of Pensacola, Fla.

There are some letters addressed to Thomas Bennehan until his death in 1847. The Cameron women corresponded extensively with their extended family. Among their correspondents were Eliza Cameron, Anna Cameron, Frances Cameron, Mary Edmunds, Eliza Nash Anderson, Anna M., Kirkland, Alice Ruffin, Mary Jones, Emma Cameron, Molly Gale, and Isabelle Cameron. Margaret Cameron and Mildred Cameron also kept in regular contact with their old governess Mary McLean Bryant.

Duncan Cameron continued to be president of the Bank of the State of North Carolina throughout the 1840s until his resignation in 1849. He corresponded frequently with Charles Dewey and others in the banking community.

Duncan Cameron continued to serve on the Board of Trustees of General Theological Seminary in New York in the 1840s. He received letters from Rev. William Mercer Green, Bishop Otey, Rev. Richard Mason of Christ Church in Raleigh, N.C., and Rev. Aldert Smedes. There are several letters reflecting Cameron's presidency of the North Carolina Bible Society and involvement in the Scotch Relief Committee.

Paul Cameron and Thomas Bennehan managed the plantations in the 1840s. Their primary factors were Andrew Keven and Brothers of Petersburg, Va., and John Huske of Fayetteville, N.C. Paul Cameron's trips to Mississippi and Alabama in 1844 are documented. There are regular letters from Charles Lewellyn, the overseer on Paul Cameron's plantation in Greene County, Ala. There are also letters from the overseers of plantations in North Carolina including, William Piper, William Hams, and James Colman. In 1847, there is correspondence about a slave named Milton who ran away from the Greene County Plantation and was eventually apprehended. There are also two letters written from Liberia by Virgil Bennehan, Thomas Bennehan's mulatto slave who was freed in Thomas Bennehan's will.

Other frequent correspondents include William Cain, David L. Swain, Hugh Waddell, John Devereaux, William Norwood, C. P. Mallet, William A. Graham, Cad Jones, William Polk, George Haywood, W. P. Mangum, Dr. James Webb, George Badger, Joseph B. Skinner, and William Boylan.

See Subseries 2.1 for documentation of the financial dealings between Paul Cameron and his factors. See Subseries 5.2 for more information on banking.

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1840 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.3. 1840-1849." Folder 821-844

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1841 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.3. 1840-1849." Folder 845-868

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1842 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.3. 1840-1849." Folder 869-892

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1843 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.3. 1840-1849." Folder 893-916

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1844 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.3. 1840-1849." Folder 917-940

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1845 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.3. 1840-1849." Folder 941-975

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1846 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.3. 1840-1849." Folder 976-999

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1847 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.3. 1840-1849." Folder 1000-1023

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1848 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.3. 1840-1849." Folder 1024-1047

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1849 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.3. 1840-1849." Folder 1048-1071

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.3.4. 1850-1853.

Letters written to Duncan Cameron, Paul Cameron, and Margaret Bain Cameron. The family correspondence from this period documents the following: the death of Duncan Cameron in 1853, the marriage of Margaret Bain Cameron to George Mordecai in 1853; the mysterious and devastating illness suffered by Mildred and the long trip to Philadelphia by Margaret and Mildred to try a new doctor for Mildred; malaria epidemics at Fairntosh; and Paul Cameron's growing interest in purchasing land in the deep south and his subsequent purchase of land in Greene County, Ala.

Although Duncan Cameron relinquished the presidency of the Bank of the State of North Carolina in 1849, he continued to correspond regularly with officers of the bank until he was close to death in 1853. There are frequent letters from George W. Mordecai, the bank's new president, and letters from Charles Dewey, the secretary of the bank. There are also letters from various family members written to Duncan Cameron.

There are many letters to Paul Cameron from his commission merchants, Andrew Kevan of Petersburg, Va.; C. J. Haigh and Son of Fayetteville, N.C.; and Tartt, Stewart and Co. of Mobile, Ala. There are also letters from John Webster, overseer of the plantation in Greene County.

There are letters to Paul Cameron documenting his growing interest in building railroads in North Carolina, eventually leading to his signing a contract to build a section of the North Carolina Railroad.

Among Paul Cameron's frequent correspondents are David L. Swain, Cad Jones, William A. Graham, Charles Phillips, Joseph Wright, V. F. Caldwell, Charles Manly, J. W. Norwood, William Mercer Green, George Freeman, Ken Rayner, and Charles Fisher.

Paul and Margaret Cameron wrote to each other frequently and also corresponded with many other relatives including John W. Cameron, Walker Anderson, W. H. Ruffin, J. B. G. Roulhac, Lizzie Jones, Mary Edmunds, Fanny Roulhac, William Anderson, Robert Walker Anderson, Rowena Hines, Susan Hines, Thomas Ruffin, Sr., Mary Lucas, Anna Kirkland, Eliza Thompson, Margaret Devereux, and Ellen Mordecai. Margaret, called "Maggie," also received letters from Adelaide Montmollin and Louise DeEnde who were friends Margaret made while caring for Millie in Philadelphia; Mary McLean Bryant, who had been the Camerons' governess when Margaret and Mildred were young; and Charlotte Rice, Thomas Bennehan's housekeeper.

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1850 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.4. 1850-1853." Folder 1071-1083

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1851 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.4. 1850-1853." Folder 1084-1095

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1852 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.4. 1850-1853." Folder 1096-1107

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1853 #00133, Subseries: "1.3.4. 1850-1853." Folder 1108-1124

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.4. Correspondence of Paul Cameron and Margaret Cameron Mordecai, 1854-April 1865.

About 3200 items.

This subseries documents the activities of Paul Cameron and his family after the death of Duncan Cameron, until the end of Civil War.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.4.1. 1854-1859.

Chiefly family letters written to Paul Cameron and Margaret Cameron Mordecai. The family correspondence from this period documents the following: the continuing illness suffered by Mildred and several trips to Philadelphia and New York made by Margaret and Mildred to try new doctors and climates for Mildred; Anne and Paul Cameron's move to Hillsborough, N.C.; malaria epidemics at Fairntosh which finally prompted the move to town; and Paul Cameron's trips to his plantations in the deep South. A few document farm operations in the wartime economy.

Much of the family correspondence consists of letters between Paul and Margaret "Maggie" (Cameron) Mordecai, who wrote to each other frequently. There are also many letters from relatives of the Camerons, to whom Margaret wrote regularly, including Mollie Gales, Seaton Gales, John W. Cameron, Walker Anderson, W. H. Ruffin, J. B. G. Roulhac, Lizzie Jones, Mary Edmunds, Fanny Roulhac, William Anderson, Robert Walker Anderson, Rowena Hines, Susan Hines, Thomas Ruffin, Sr., Mary Lucas, Anna Kirkland, Maria Nash, Eliza Thompson, Isabelle Cameron, Margaret Devereux, Emma Mordecai, Ellen Mordecai, Catherine Roulhac, and Jane Ruffin. Margaret also continued to receive letters from Adelaide Montmollin and Louise DeEnde who were her friends in Philadelphia. There are also frequent letters from Mary McLean Bryant, who was the Cameron girls' old governess. During this period, there are letters received by Anne Ruffin Cameron from her Ruffin relatives. Also, there are letters between Anne Ruffin Cameron and her husband Paul, when he was away on trips.

Paul Cameron's investments in agriculture are reflected in the many letters from his commission merchants, who sold the products of the Cameron plantations overseas and in urban markets. The major merchants Cameron patronized were Andrew Kevan of Petersburg, Va.; C. J. Haigh and Son of Fayetteville, N.C.; Tartt, Stewart and Co. of Mobile, Ala.; and Rowland and Bro. of Norfolk, Va. There are also letters from John Webster, overseer of the plantation in Greene County, Ala., and, after 1857, from Wilson Oberry, who replaced him. Letters from James A. Jeter and William Lamb, overseers of the plantation in Tunica County, Miss., are included, as are letters from William and Samuel Piper, who were the overseers at Fairntosh.

Although Paul Cameron's vast land holdings were his first priority, he did contract to build a section of the North Carolina Railroad (NCRR) in the 1850s. There are letters dealing with the contract and other railroad business, particularly letters from Charles Fisher, an official of the NCRR. There are also some letters documenting Cameron's election to one term in the State Senate in 1856.

Paul Cameron's correspondents included David L. Swain, Cad Jones, William A. Graham, Charles Phillips, Joseph Wright, V. F. Caldwell, Charles Manly, J. W. Norwood, Rev. William Mercer Green, Rev. George Freeman, and Ken Rayner.

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1854 #00133, Subseries: "1.4.1. 1854-1859." Folder 1125-1136

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1855 #00133, Subseries: "1.4.1. 1854-1859." Folder 1137-1150

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1856 #00133, Subseries: "1.4.1. 1854-1859." Folder 1151-1164

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1857 #00133, Subseries: "1.4.1. 1854-1859." Folder 1165-1176

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1858 #00133, Subseries: "1.4.1. 1854-1859." Folder 1177-1188

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1859 #00133, Subseries: "1.4.1. 1854-1859." Folder 1189-1201

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.4.2. 1860-April 1865.

Chiefly family letters written to Paul Cameron and his sister Margaret Mordecai, called "Maggie." Some of Paul Cameron's correspondence with his wife Anne Ruffin Cameron is included.

From 1860 to 1861, there are numerous letters to Paul Cameron from his factors, friends, and business associates. However, during the Civil War, there is very little of Paul Cameron's correspondence. According to historian R.D.W. Connor, Anne Ruffin Cameron and Bennehan Cameron burned many of Paul Cameron's papers in order to protect him when he requested a pardon from the Union government for his support of the Confederacy. The remaining family letters do provide some documentation of the family's response to the war.

Prior to the war, there are business letters written to Paul Cameron concerning his plantations and the North Carolina Railroad of which he was president in 1861. Paul Cameron's letters from his factors are numerous. Among the factors are Tartt, Stewart, and Company in Mobile, Ala.; Battle, Nobel, and Company in New Orleans, La.; Andrew Keven and Brothers in Norfolk, Va.; Rowland and Brothers in Norfolk; and E. M. Apperson and Company in Memphis, Tenn. Paul Cameron also corresponded with his out of state overseers, William Lamb in Mississippi and Wilson Oberry in Alabama.

Other correspondents of Paul Cameron include Peter Hairston, Charles Pettigrew, William Halliburton, J. W. Norwood, Worth Daniel, Thomas Bragg, Hugh Waddell, William A. Graham, Bishop James Otey, Rev. William Mercer Green, Charles Dewey, David L. Swain, Kemp P. Battle, Charles Fisher, Rev. George Patterson, and Thomas Webb.

During the war, the bulk of the letters deal with domestic topics. There are letters from Paul and Anne Cameron's sons Duncan Cameron and Bennehan Cameron written from the schools they attended. There are also letters from their teachers and headmasters about the boys' deportment and academic progress. Duncan Cameron's several attempts to run away are documented. Some of George Mordecai's personal and business correspondence is also scattered among the Cameron family letters.

Margaret Cameron Mordecai (Maggie) continued her prolific correspondence with her extended family throughout the Civil War. Her invalid sister Mildred lived with the Mordecais during this period. Margaret also continued to receive letters from her friends in Philadelphia, Adelaide Montmollin and Louise DeEnde. Margaret corresponded with Emma Mordecai, Laurine Mordecai, Mary Jones, Phebe Hawks, Rebecca Anderson, Mary Lucas, and Robert Walker Anderson. In addition there are letters to Anne Ruffin Cameron from members of the Ruffin family, including Catherine Roulhac, and Thomas Ruffin, Jr.

For more documentation of the schooling of Paul and Anne Ruffin Cameron's children, see Subseries 4.3 and 5.1. For documentation of Paul Cameron's service to the Confederacy, see Subseries 5.3. See Subseries 2.9 for Confederate Bonds. See Subseries 2.1 for documentation of financial transactions between Paul Cameron and his factors.

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1860 #00133, Subseries: "1.4.2. 1860-April 1865." Folder 1202-1214

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1861 #00133, Subseries: "1.4.2. 1860-April 1865." Folder 1214-1225

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1862 #00133, Subseries: "1.4.2. 1860-April 1865." Folder 1226-1231

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1863 #00133, Subseries: "1.4.2. 1860-April 1865." Folder 1232-1239

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1864 #00133, Subseries: "1.4.2. 1860-April 1865." Folder 1240-1245

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1865 #00133, Subseries: "1.4.2. 1860-April 1865." Folder 1246-1252

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.5. Correspondence of Paul Cameron and Margaret Mordecai, May 1865-1889.

About 9,300 items.

This subseries documents the post-Civil War activities of Paul Cameron, with some material relating to Margaret Mordecai and other family members.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.5.1. May 1865-1869.

Chiefly family letters written to Paul Cameron and his sister Margaret Mordecai, called "Maggie." Some of Paul Cameron's correspondence with his wife Anne Ruffin Cameron is included. There are also business letters written to Paul Cameron concerning his plantations and the North Carolina Railroad and other railroads in the state. Some of George Mordecai's personal and business correspondence is also scattered among the Cameron family letters.

After the Civil War, the correspondence relating to the management of the Camerons' vast land holdings changes. There are letters describing the aftermath of emancipation, including the looting of Fairntosh by former slaves and the Cameron's response to the chaotic circumstances. After emancipation Paul Cameron relinquished much of the direct control of his plantations to tenant farmers. Although he maintained contact with his antebellum factors Tartt, Stewart, and Company in Mobile, Ala., Battle, Nobel, and Company in New Orleans, La., Andrew Keven and Brothers in Norfolk, Va., and E. M. Apperson and Company in Memphis, Tenn., Cameron did not have as many agricultural products to sell as he did before the war.

Paul Cameron remained involved in the North Carolina Railroad after the Civil War, and began to become interested in investing in mills and other industrial ventures. His correspondents during these years included Peter Hairston, Charles Pettigrew, William Halliburton, J. W. Norwood, Worth Daniel, Thomas Bragg, Hugh Waddell, William A. Graham, Bishop James Otey, Rev. William Mercer Green, Charles Dewey, David L. Swain, Kemp P. Battle, Charles Fisher, Rev. George Patterson, and Thomas Webb.

During these years there are letters to Paul and Anne Cameron from their sons Duncan Cameron and Bennehan Cameron who were at school. There are also letters from their teachers and headmasters about the boys' deportment and academic progress. There are frequent letters from Paul and Anne Ruffin Cameron's daughter Anne Cameron Collins (Annie), her husband George P. Collins, who moved to Tunica County, Miss., to run Paul Cameron's plantation there after the Civil War. There are also letters from another daughter, Rebecca Cameron Graham, and her husband John Graham.

Margaret Cameron Mordecai (Maggie) continued to care for her invalid sister Mildred. There are frequent exchanges between Paul Cameron and Margaret Mordecai about the health of Mildred, as well as other family business. Margaret continued to receive letters from her friends in Philadelphia, Adelaide Montmollin and Louise DeEnde. Margaret corresponded frequently with members of her extended family including, Emma Mordecai, Laurine Mordecai, Mary Jones, Phebe Hawks, Rebecca Anderson, Mary Lucas, and Robert Walker Anderson. Anne Ruffin Cameron's letters from the Ruffin and Roulhac families are also included.

For more documentation about the schooling of Paul and Anne Ruffin Cameron's children, see Subseries 4.3 and 5.1. See Subseries 2.1 for documentation of financial transactions between Paul Cameron and his factors.

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1866 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.1. May 1865-1869." Folder 1253-1270

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1867 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.1. May 1865-1869." Folder 1271-1284

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1868 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.1. May 1865-1869." Folder 1285-1296

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1869 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.1. May 1865-1869." Folder 1297-1309

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.5.2. 1870-1889.

Chiefly family letters, particularly correspondence between Paul Cameron and his sister Margaret Mordecai ("Maggie"), between Paul Cameron and his wife Anne, and between Paul and Anne Cameron and their children. Also included are some letters to Paul Cameron from friends and business associates.

Family letters document the death of George Mordecai in 1871, Mildred Coles Cameron's declining health, the marriages of Paul Cameron's children, Margaret Mordecai's trip to Philadelphia for the centennial celebration in 1876, and Margaret Mordecai's involvement with Saint Mary's School in Raleigh, N.C.

Letters to Paul Cameron document his continued support of the North Carolina Railroad Company, other railroad companies, local banks, and local cotton manufacturing companies. Also well documented is Paul Cameron's leadership in the effort to reopen and rebuild the University of North Carolina which had closed during Reconstruction and fallen into disrepair. There are frequent letters from Kemp P. Battle, president of the University of North Carolina, and from Cornelia Phillips Spencer, Cameron's longtime friend and booster of the University. Paul Cameron also corresponded regularly with George W. Patterson, an Episcopal minister and family friend.

Paul Cameron continued to correspond with his factors, Andrew Keven in Petersburg, Va., and Rawland Brothers in Norfolk, Va., but the letters are much sparser than in past decades. There are letters from tenants and overseers, including, J. G. Piper, Samuel Rogers, and Wilson Oberry.

Paul Cameron's frequent correspondents include Bishop Thomas Atkinson, William A. Graham, Aldert Smedes, J. W. Norwood, Kemp P. Battle, John Kerr, George W. Thompson, Joseph B. Cheshire, John Devereaux, George Winston, William Mercer Green, Charles Dewey, and Cornelia Spencer.

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1870 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1310-1328

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1871 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1329-1351

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1872 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1352-1367

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1873 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1368-1391

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1874 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1392-1412

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1875 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1413-1434

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1876 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1435-1452

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1877 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1453-1464

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1878 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1465-1488

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1879 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1489-1515

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1870s #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1516

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1880 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1517-1539

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1881 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1540-1556

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1882 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1557-1570

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1883 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1571-1587

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1884 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1588-1611

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1885 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1612-1634

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1886 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1635-1656

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1887 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1657-1674

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1888 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1675-1696

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1889 #00133, Subseries: "1.5.2. 1870-1889." Folder 1697-1715

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.6. Correspondence of Anne Ruffin Cameron and Her Family, 1890-1935.

About 215 items.

This subseries consists of letters written to members of the Cameron family after the death of Paul Cameron.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.6.1. 1890-1897.

Chiefly letters to Anne Cameron from her children and grandchildren. Anne Cameron also received occasional letters from Kemp P. Battle, Cornelia Phillips Spencer, and George W. Patterson. The bulk of the letters to her, however, are from family members concerning domestic matters.

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1890 #00133, Subseries: "1.6.1. 1890-1897." Folder 1716-1729

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1891 #00133, Subseries: "1.6.1. 1890-1897." Folder 1730-1732

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1892 #00133, Subseries: "1.6.1. 1890-1897." Folder 1733-1735

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1893 #00133, Subseries: "1.6.1. 1890-1897." Folder 1736

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1894 #00133, Subseries: "1.6.1. 1890-1897." Folder 1737

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1895 #00133, Subseries: "1.6.1. 1890-1897." Folder 1738

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1896-1897 #00133, Subseries: "1.6.1. 1890-1897." Folder 1739

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.6.2. 1898-1935.

Letters written to Bennehan Cameron, Paul C. Graham, and John W. Graham from lawyers and banks relating to the settlement of Paul C. Cameron's estate. From 1898 to 1914, the letters are written to Bennehan. A letter, dated 17 August 1901, deals extensively with Bennehan Square in Raleigh, N.C. After 1914, the letters are to Paul C. Graham and John W. Graham.

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1898-1914 #00133, Subseries: "1.6.2. 1898-1935." Folder 1740

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1915-1935 #00133, Subseries: "1.6.2. 1898-1935." Folder 1741

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated.

About 1,200 items.

Arrangement: alphabetical by last name of writer.

Undated letters written by members of the Cameron family and their relatives.

Folder 1742

Amis, Thomas #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1742

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Anderson, Daniel #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1743

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Anderson, Julia #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1744

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Anderson, Malcolm #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1745

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Anderson, Mary Read (Cameron) #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1746-1751

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Anderson, Mildred ("Minnie") Ewing #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1752

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Anderson, Phoebe (Hawks) #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1753

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Anderson, Robert Walker #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1754

Anderson, Mary Read #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1754

Anderson, Eliza B. #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1754

Anderson, William E. (children of) #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1754

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Anderson, Walker #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1755

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Anderson, William E. #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1756

Folder 1757

Anderson, William E., Jr. #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1757

Folder 1758

Bennehan, Mary #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1758

Folder 1759

Bennehan, Richard #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1759

Folder 1760

Bennehan, Thomas D. #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1760

Folder 1761

Buxton, Anna Nash (Cameron) #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1761

Folder 1762

Cameron, Anna MacKenzie #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1762

Folder 1763-1765

Folder 1763

Folder 1764

Folder 1765

Cameron, Anne (Call) #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1763-1765

Folder 1766-1768

Folder 1766

Folder 1767

Folder 1768

Cameron, Anne Owen #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1766-1768

Folder 1769-1772

Folder 1769

Folder 1770

Folder 1771

Folder 1772

Cameron, Anne (Ruffin) #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1769-1772

Folder 1773

Cameron, Catherine L. ("Cate") #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1773

Folder 1774-1779

Folder 1774

Folder 1775

Folder 1776

Folder 1777

Folder 1778

Folder 1779

Cameron, Duncan #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1774-1779

Folder 1780-1781

Folder 1780

Folder 1781

Cameron, Duncan, III #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1780-1781

Folder 1782

Cameron, Eliza Adam #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1782

Folder 1783

Cameron, Isabella (Wilkins) #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1783

Folder 1784

Cameron, Jean #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1784

Folder 1785

Cameron, John Adams #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1785

Folder 1786

Cameron, John Wilder, and "Altie" Gales #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1786

Folder 1787

Cameron, Katherine ("Kate") #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1787

Folder 1788

Cameron, Mary Amis #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1788

Folder 1789-1790

Folder 1789

Folder 1790

Cameron, Mary Anne #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1789-1790

Folder 1791

Cameron, Mary (Short) #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1791

Folder 1792

Cameron, Mildred Coles #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1792

Folder 1793-1815

Folder 1793

Folder 1794

Folder 1795

Folder 1796

Folder 1797

Folder 1798

Folder 1799

Folder 1800

Folder 1801

Folder 1802

Folder 1803

Folder 1804

Folder 1805

Folder 1806

Folder 1807

Folder 1808

Folder 1809

Folder 1810

Folder 1811

Folder 1812

Folder 1813

Folder 1814

Folder 1815

Cameron, Paul Carrington #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1793-1815

Folder 1816-1817

Folder 1816

Folder 1817

Cameron, Rebecca ("Beck") #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1816-1817

Folder 1818

Cameron, Thomas N. #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1818

Folder 1819

Cameron, Thomas and Jean #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1819

Folder 1820

Cameron, William and son William #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1820

Folder 1821-1822

Folder 1821

Folder 1822

Collins, Anne Ruffin (Cameron) #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1821-1822

Folder 1823

Gales, Jean C. #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1823

Folder 1824-1825

Folder 1824

Folder 1825

Gales, Mary A. Cameron, ("Mollie") #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1824-1825

Folder 1826-1828

Folder 1826

Folder 1827

Folder 1828

Graham, Rebecca (Cameron) Anderson #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1826-1828

Folder 1829-1830

Folder 1829

Folder 1830

Jones, Eliza ("Lizzie") #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1829-1830

Folder 1831-1832

Folder 1831

Folder 1832

Jones, Mary C. #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1831-1832

Folder 1833

Jones, Mary Read (Cameron) and R. C. #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1833

Folder 1834

Kirkland, Anna M. (Cameron) and her son Robert Strange #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1834

Folder 1835-1842

Folder 1835

Folder 1836

Folder 1837

Folder 1838

Folder 1839

Folder 1840

Folder 1841

Folder 1842

Mordecai, Margaret Bennehan (Cameron) #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1835-1842

Folder 1843-1844

Folder 1843

Folder 1844

Nash, Frederick #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1843-1844

Folder 1845

Nash, Maria #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1845

Folder 1846-1848

Folder 1846

Folder 1847

Folder 1848

Nash Family #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1846-1848

Folder 1849

Peebles, Margaret M. (Cameron) #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1849

Folder 1850

Roulhac, J. B. G. and Catherine (Ruffin) #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1850

Folder 1851

Ruffin, Jane #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1851

Folder 1852-1854

Folder 1852

Folder 1853

Folder 1854

Ruffin, Pattie #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1852-1854

Folder 1855

Ruffin, Thomas #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1855

Folder 1856-1859

Folder 1856

Folder 1857

Folder 1858

Folder 1859

Ruffin Family #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1856-1859

Folder 1860

Shepard, Mildred Coles (Cameron) #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1860

Folder 1861

Shepard, Pauline (Cameron) #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1861

Folder 1862-1863

Folder 1862

Folder 1863

Syme, Jean M. (Cameron) #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1862-1863

Folder 1864

Witherspoon, Eliza Cameron #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1864

Folder 1865-1866

Folder 1865

Folder 1866

Unidentified Nieces, Nephews, and Cousins #00133, Subseries: "1.7. Outgoing Correspondence, undated." Folder 1865-1866

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.8. Incoming Correspondence, undated.

About 875 items.

Arrangement: alphabetical by last name of writer.

Undated letters from individuals (including members of the Mordecai family) who were not members of the Cameron family.

Folder 1867

A #00133, Subseries: "1.8. Incoming Correspondence, undated." Folder 1867

Emma [Graves?] Alderman (Mrs. Edwin A.). Elias Alexander. Amelia [Johnston] Alves. Walter Alves. B. H. Ancrum. Annie Ashe. Caroline B. Ashe. Meta Ashe. R. H. Ashe. Sam P. Ashe. R. W. Ashton. Robert Atkinson. S. P. Atkinson. EBA.

Folder 1868-1872

Folder 1868

Folder 1869

Folder 1870

Folder 1871

Folder 1872

B #00133, Subseries: "1.8. Incoming Correspondence, undated." Folder 1868-1872

Mrs. George E. Badger. George E. Badger. M. C. Batchelor. Kemp P. Battle. Pattie (Mrs. Kemp P.) Battle. C. Bayley. Miss Beach. Fannie M. Beall. G. T. Bedell. Robert Bell. [C. J. Benton?]. Josh Blake. Tempe Blakely. Ellen Boylan. Annie E. T. Bradford. G. S. Bradshaw. George Brasfield. James Briggs. N. L. Brodnax. A. Brown. Aunt A. Brown. Peter Browne. Mrs. John H. Bryan. Mary McLean Bryant. Sarah M. Bryant. David Buchanan. Benjamin Bulloch. Miss Burgwyn. Burnett & Rigdon. Horace Burton. M. A. Burwell. S. H. Busbee. Jarvis Buxton.

Folder 1873-1874

Folder 1873

Folder 1874

C #00133, Subseries: "1.8. Incoming Correspondence, undated." Folder 1873-1874

E. Cain. Mary C. Cain. T. R. Cain. W. Cain. David E. Caldwell. Elias Caldwell. Helen (Hogg) Caldwell (Mrs. Joseph). R. A. Caldwell. Harriet A. Carter. Jesse Carter. Agnes Mayo Carter. Joseph Blount Cheshire. Frances Child. C. R. Childs. William Coggin. [W. Cooke?]. James Cothran. Will A. Crawford. C. P. Curtis. Mary DeRosset Curtis (Mrs. M. A.). Moses Ashley Curtis. Mary Curtis. L. Czarnowska.

Folder 1875

D #00133, Subseries: "1.8. Incoming Correspondence, undated." Folder 1875

M. C. Dancy. W. Dandridge. Janes Daniel. Allen Jones Davie. Anna Devereux. J. Devereux. Kate Devereux. Margaret Devereux. Meta Devereux. Thomas Pollock Devereux. C. Dewey. Jesse Dickens. Samuel Dickins. John H. [Du Cartintz?]. D[orothea] L. Dix.

Oversize Paper OP-133/103

Letter to Duncan Cameron from Buchanan Dunlop, 2 October 1800 #00133, Subseries: "1.8. Incoming Correspondence, undated." OP-133/103

Folder 1876

E, F, G #00133, Subseries: "1.8. Incoming Correspondence, undated." Folder 1876

Peter Early. [C. W.?] Edmonston. Franklin Felton. Hamilton Fulton. C. E. Gadsden. Joseph Gales. Mrs. Joseph Gales. L. S. Gales. Weston R. Gales. William Gaston. Andrew Gibson. James Gibson. Glass. S. W. (Mrs. William A.) Graham. Lucy A. Green. William Mercer Green.

Folder 1877-1879

Folder 1877

Folder 1878

Folder 1879

H #00133, Subseries: "1.8. Incoming Correspondence, undated." Folder 1877-1879

E. J. Hale. George Haldane. James Hamilton (Granville County). Edward Hampton. J. Hawkins. W. J. Hawkins. Mrs. F. L. Hawks. John Haywood, treasurer. John Haywood, judge. Sherwood Haywood. William Haywood. W. H. Haywood. W. H. Haywood, Jr. Pleasant Henderson. Thomas Henderson. Mrs. Kate Henesse. E. Hill. E. H. Hill. Thomas B. Hill. W. F. Hilliard. C. Hines. Rowena Hines. Nellie Hinsdale. John Hogan. Gavin Hogg. James Hogg, Jr. M. W. Holt. W. Hooper. Helen Hughes. John Huske.

Folder 1880

I, J #00133, Subseries: "1.8. Incoming Correspondence, undated." Folder 1880

Mr. and Mrs. Iredell [James, Jr.?]. Lieutenant Johnson. William Johnston. Calvin Jones. Maggie Jones. Pride Jones. R. E. (Mrs. Cadwallader?) Jones. Robert H. Jones. Andrew Kevan & Bro.

Folder 1881

K, L #00133, Subseries: "1.8. Incoming Correspondence, undated." Folder 1881

F. S. Key. John N. Kirkland. Bryant Kittrell. Andrew Knox Lamb. Lawrence LeMay. [John Lenox?]. George Lightfoot. J. G. Lippett. J. Lippincott. J. R. Lloyd. F. Lock.

Folder 1882-1886

Folder 1882

Folder 1883

Folder 1884

Folder 1885

Folder 1886

M #00133, Subseries: "1.8. Incoming Correspondence, undated." Folder 1882-1886

E. M. Ida M. W. P. Mangum. James Crew [McCaw?], Richmond, to Richard Bennehan. Benjamin McCulloch. M. McGehee. F. M. McKeithen. Cameron T. McRae. E. McMurtrie. Mary Mason. R. S. Mason. S. L. Manly. M. E. Manly. John Manning. Thomas C. Manning. Betty Marbury (34). H. H. Marbury. Juliet Marbury. Thomas Marshall to James Martin. M. Sue Marshall. W. Mebane. L. Mitchell to Thomas Bennehan. Mr. and Mrs. Miller. Ann Moore. Mary Moore. B. F. Moores. Adelaide Montmollin. Augusta Mordecai. Ellen Mordecai. Patty M[ordecai]. Henry Mordecai. M. Mordecai. John Motley Morehead (unimportant note). Martha Morse. H. Murfree. Carolina Myers.

Folder 1887-1890

Folder 1887

Folder 1888

Folder 1889

Folder 1890

N, O, P, Q #00133, Subseries: "1.8. Incoming Correspondence, undated." Folder 1887-1890

J. W. Nicholson. Hezikiah Niles. James Norwood. W. Oberry. Robert Nash Ogden. Wm. W. Old. Alfred Palmer. James Parks. Parsons & Co. Lydia C. Partridge. George Patterson. Jeanie Patterson. Samuel F. Patterson. Dane [Pealh?] Mittie Peebles. P. F. Pescud. K. W. Petersilia. Annie S. Pettigrew. J. G. Piper. S. Piper overseer, many letters. W. Piper. Andrew J. Polk. F. A. Polk. Leonidas Polk. Sarah (Mrs. William) Polk. William Polk. Ann Pollok (fragment probably to Mrs. Richard Bennehan). William Potter to Richard Bennehan. H. [J?] Pride to Thomas D. Bennehan. Annie Quayle.

Folder 1891

R #00133, Subseries: "1.8. Incoming Correspondence, undated." Folder 1891

Mary D. Ramseur. John Ramsey. Susan S. (Mrs. Kenneth Rayner. J. Reid. John Grant Rencher. Crawford Riddell. Rowland. John C. Rudd about Thomas Cameron. Mary Ryan.

Folder 1892-1893

Folder 1892

Folder 1893

S #00133, Subseries: "1.8. Incoming Correspondence, undated." Folder 1892-1893

R. A. S. A[nna] H[ayes] (Mrs. Romulus M.) Saunders. Romulus M. Saunders. A. M. Scales. W. A. Sharpe. G[ottlieb] Shober. A. Smedes. Bennett Smedes. Sadie S. Smedes. James Smith, Jr. Jesse Smith. Richard Smith. Venal Smith. John Snow. J. Southerland. P. Southerland. W. W. Spear. Cornelia P. Spencer. Mary Stanford. Robert S. Steele. Charles Stewart. David W. Stone. Mrs. Stott. Eben[ezer] Stott. Bettie Strange. F. K. Strother. Bryant Strowd. S. Strudwick. William B. Sullivan.

Folder 1894

T, U, V #00133, Subseries: "1.8. Incoming Correspondence, undated." Folder 1894

E. L. T. A. Temple. C. Townsend. Trinity College, Hartford, Conn. (committee). D. & M. Trokes. Asa Turner. J. Turner. S. C. D. Turner. W. D. Turrentine. U. N. C. Dialectic Society. Z. B. Vance. W. F. Vestal.

Folder 1895-1897

Folder 1895

Folder 1896

Folder 1897

W, X, Y, Z #00133, Subseries: "1.8. Incoming Correspondence, undated." Folder 1895-1897

S. H. W. Hugh Waddell. John Wadow. Robert Walker. E. Althea Warren. James Webb. R. Webb. John R. Whitaker. B. Williams. E. B. Eilleston. George T. Winston. J. Witherspoon. A. Wright. J. W. Wright. T. Wright.

Folder 1898-1901

Folder 1898

Folder 1899

Folder 1900

Folder 1901

Unidentified writers; Fragments #00133, Subseries: "1.8. Incoming Correspondence, undated." Folder 1898-1901

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1761-1942 and undated.

About 3,700 items.

Arrangement: by type and then chronological.

Accounts (Subseries 2.1), deeds and indentures (2.2), surveys and land plats (2.3), tax lists and receipts (2.4), promissory notes and bonds (2.5), estate papers (2.6), wills (2.7), insurance policies (2.8), and other papers (2.9) documenting the financial and legal affairs of members of the Cameron family and related families.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1. Accounts, 1767-1942 and undated.

About 1,800 items.

Accounts document income and expenses of members of the Cameron family and related families and their associates. Note that this subseries is divided chronologically into four periods: antebellum, Civil War, post-war, and undated. The bulk of these accounts is from the antebellum period.

See Subseries 6.2 6.7 for account books. See Subseries 2.6 for accounts relating to settlement of Cameron Family estates.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated.

About 1,500 items.

Records of income and expenses of Richard and Thomas Bennehan, their business partners William Johnston and Thomas Amis, Duncan and Paul Cameron, Margaret Mordecai, Mildred C. Cameron, and several wards supported by the Camerons. Shipping invoices, bills and receipts, various kinds of lists (for slaves (note undated folders 2044 and 2045 as well as dated), debts, tools, crops, livestock), household and store inventories, financial statements, and checks are among the types of accounts included.

The information contained on a single bill or receipt often combines personal and household expenses with plantation, store, legal, or other business expenses, demonstrating the fluidity with which the Camerons perceived their financial affairs: the private world and the world of business are not always clearly distinct in the Cameron accounts. Furthermore, different business interests are often mingled as well.

The accounts originate from diverse locations including Raleigh and Hillsborough, N.C.; New York and Philadelphia; Norfolk and Petersburg, Va.; Mobile, Ala.; and Memphis, Tenn. Some accounts span several years and are filed according to the date the account was settled or the date of the last entry.

These accounts document a myriad of services rendered or employed, and goods purchased or sold by the Camerons. Included are bills for textiles and clothing; food, liquor, and spices; tools for agriculture and carpentry; sewing and medical instruments; guns and ammunition; building supplies; household furnishings; plants and animals; music and musical instruments; books and subscriptions for newspapers and periodicals; travel expenses; tuition and school supplies; club memberships; medicines; land purchases and sales; personal items such as jewelry, eyeglasses, combs, and postage; and tombstones and coffins. Services documented include those offered by the Cameron Family such as horse breeding and Duncan Cameron's legal services, as well as services commissioned by the Camerons weaving, sewing, ditching, gardening, hauling, plastering, painting, building repairing (agricultural equipment, household furnishings, buildings), surveying, and slave hiring. Included are bills from doctors, midwives, merchants, factors, carpenters, coppersmiths, tailors, blacksmiths, seamstresses, cabinetmakers, undertakers, stonemasons, overseers, wheelwrights, jewelers, shoemakers, and many others.

Some topics of special interest which are documented by accounts include the capture of two deserters by Richard Bennehan, who was relieved of military service for this act (June 1781); subscription receipts for the Episcopal Schools of North Carolina in 1837 and subsequent bills for building and repairs at Saint Mary's seminary; beginning in the mid 1840s, receipts and slave lists showing expenses for the establishment of a plantation in Greene County, Ala.; in the early 1850s, several bills for labor and supplies used to build the North Carolina Railroad; and material concerning the University of North Carolina.

See Subseries 6.2-6.7. for account books. See Subseries 2.6 for accounts relating to the settlement of the estates of the Cameron family.

Folder 1902

1767-1768 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1902

Folder 1903

1769 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1903

Oversize Paper OP-133/93

Account, 19 December 1769 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." OP-133/93

Johnston and Bennehan with Buchanan and Cuniston.

Folder 1904

1770 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1904

Folder 1905

1771 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1905

Folder 1906

1772 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1906

Oversize Paper OP-133/92

Account, 31 August 1772 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." OP-133/92

Johnston and Bennehan with Buchanan and Cunison.

Folder 1907

1773 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1907

Folder 1908

1774 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1908

Folder 1909

1775 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1909

Folder 1910

1776 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1910

Folder 1911

1777 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1911

Folder 1912

1778 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1912

Folder 1913

1779 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1913

Folder 1914

1780 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1914

Folder 1915

1781 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1915

Folder 1916

1782 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1916

Folder 1917

1783 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1917

Folder 1918

1784 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1918

Folder 1919

1785 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1919

Folder 1920

1786 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1920

Folder 1921

1787 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1921

Folder 1922

1788 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1922

Folder 1923

1789 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1923

Folder 1924

1790 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1924

Folder 1925

1791 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1925

Folder 1926

1792 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1926

Folder 1927

1793 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1927

Folder 1928

1794 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1928

Folder 1929

1795 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1929

Folder 1930

1796 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1930

Folder 1931

1797 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1931

Folder 1932

1798 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1932

Folder 1933

1799 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1933

Folder 1934

1800 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1934

Folder 1935

1801 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1935

Folder 1936-1937

Folder 1936

Folder 1937

1802 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1936-1937

Folder 1838-1939

Folder 1838

Folder 1839

Folder 1840

Folder 1841

Folder 1842

Folder 1843

Folder 1844

Folder 1845

Folder 1846

Folder 1847

Folder 1848

Folder 1849

Folder 1850

Folder 1851

Folder 1852

Folder 1853

Folder 1854

Folder 1855

Folder 1856

Folder 1857

Folder 1858

Folder 1859

Folder 1860

Folder 1861

Folder 1862

Folder 1863

Folder 1864

Folder 1865

Folder 1866

Folder 1867

Folder 1868

Folder 1869

Folder 1870

Folder 1871

Folder 1872

Folder 1873

Folder 1874

Folder 1875

Folder 1876

Folder 1877

Folder 1878

Folder 1879

Folder 1880

Folder 1881

Folder 1882

Folder 1883

Folder 1884

Folder 1885

Folder 1886

Folder 1887

Folder 1888

Folder 1889

Folder 1890

Folder 1891

Folder 1892

Folder 1893

Folder 1894

Folder 1895

Folder 1896

Folder 1897

Folder 1898

Folder 1899

Folder 1900

Folder 1901

Folder 1902

Folder 1903

Folder 1904

Folder 1905

Folder 1906

Folder 1907

Folder 1908

Folder 1909

Folder 1910

Folder 1911

Folder 1912

Folder 1913

Folder 1914

Folder 1915

Folder 1916

Folder 1917

Folder 1918

Folder 1919

Folder 1920

Folder 1921

Folder 1922

Folder 1923

Folder 1924

Folder 1925

Folder 1926

Folder 1927

Folder 1928

Folder 1929

Folder 1930

Folder 1931

Folder 1932

Folder 1933

Folder 1934

Folder 1935

Folder 1936

Folder 1937

Folder 1938

Folder 1939

1803 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1838-1939

Folder 1940-1942

Folder 1940

Folder 1941

Folder 1942

1804 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1940-1942

Oversize Paper OP-133/1

Balance sheet of Richard Bennnehan, 12 December 1804 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." OP-133/1

Folder 1943-1944

Folder 1943

Folder 1944

1805 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1943-1944

Folder 1945-1946

Folder 1945

Folder 1946

1806 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1945-1946

Folder 1947-1948

Folder 1947

Folder 1948

1807 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1947-1948

Oversize Paper OP-133/2

Financial material, 7 June 1807 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." OP-133/2

Folder 1949-1950

Folder 1949

Folder 1950

1808 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1949-1950

Folder 1951

1809 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1951

Folder 1952

1810 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1952

Folder 1953

1811 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1953

Folder 1954

1812 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1954

Folder 1955

1813 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1955

Folder 1956

1814 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1956

Folder 1957

1815 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1957

Oversize Paper OP-133/3

Balance sheet, 24 May 1815 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." OP-133/3

Folder 1958

1816 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1958

Folder 1959

1817 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1959

Folder 1960-1963

Folder 1960

Folder 1961

Folder 1962

Folder 1963

1818 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1960-1963

Folder 1964

1819 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1964

Folder 1965

1820 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1965

Folder 1966-1967

Folder 1966

Folder 1967

1821 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1966-1967

Folder 1968

1822 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1968

Folder 1969-1970

Folder 1969

Folder 1970

1823 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1969-1970

Folder 1971-1972

Folder 1971

Folder 1972

1824 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1971-1972

Folder 1973-1975

Folder 1973

Folder 1974

Folder 1975

1825 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1973-1975

Folder 1976-1978

Folder 1976

Folder 1977

Folder 1978

1826 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1976-1978

Folder 1979-1980

Folder 1979

Folder 1980

1827 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1979-1980

Folder 1981

1828 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1981

Folder 1982-1983

Folder 1982

Folder 1983

1829 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1982-1983

Folder 1984

1830 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1984

Folder 1985

1831 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1985

Folder 1986

1832 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1986

Folder 1987-1988

Folder 1987

Folder 1988

1833 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1987-1988

Folder 1989-1990

Folder 1989

Folder 1990

1834 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1989-1990

Folder 1991-1993

Folder 1991

Folder 1992

Folder 1993

1835 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1991-1993

Folder 1994-1995

Folder 1994

Folder 1995

1836 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1994-1995

Folder 1996-1998

Folder 1996

Folder 1997

Folder 1998

1837 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1996-1998

Folder 1999-2000

Folder 1999

Folder 2000

1838 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 1999-2000

Folder 2001-2002

Folder 2001

Folder 2002

1839 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2001-2002

Folder 2003-2004

Folder 2003

Folder 2004

1840 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2003-2004

Folder 2005-2006

Folder 2005

Folder 2006

1841 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2005-2006

Folder 2007-2008

Folder 2007

Folder 2008

1842 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2007-2008

Folder 2009-2010

Folder 2009

Folder 2010

1843 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2009-2010

Folder 2011-2012

Folder 2011

Folder 2012

1844 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2011-2012

Folder 2013-2014

Folder 2013

Folder 2014

1845 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2013-2014

Folder 2015

1846 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2015

Folder 2016

1847 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2016

Folder 2017-2018

Folder 2017

Folder 2018

1848 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2017-2018

Folder 2019-2020

Folder 2019

Folder 2020

1849 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2019-2020

Folder 2021-2022

Folder 2021

Folder 2022

1850 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2021-2022

Folder 2023

1851 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2023

Folder 2024-2025

Folder 2024

Folder 2025

1852 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2024-2025

Folder 2026-2027

Folder 2026

Folder 2027

1853 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2026-2027

Folder 2028

1854 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2028

Folder 2029-2030

Folder 2029

Folder 2030

1855 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2029-2030

Folder 2031

1856 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2031

Folder 2032-2033

Folder 2032

Folder 2033

1857 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2032-2033

Folder 2034-2035

Folder 2034

Folder 2035

1858 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2034-2035

Folder 2036-2037

Folder 2036

Folder 2037

1859 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2036-2037

Oversize Paper OP-133/96

Paul Cameron, list of goods and prices, New Orleans, La., 14 January 1859 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." OP-133/96

Folder 2038-2039

Folder 2038

Folder 2039

1860 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2038-2039

Folder 2040a

January 1861-March 1861 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2040a

Folder 2040b

Tunica County, Miss., Plantation, 1856-1861 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2040b

Folder 2041

Richard Bennehan, undated #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2041

Folder 2042

Thomas Bennehan, undated #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2042

Folder 2043

Duncan Cameron, undated #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2043

Folder 2044

Slave Lists, undated #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2044

Folder 2045

Slave Lists, undated #00133, Subseries: "2.1.1. Antebellum Accounts, 1767-March 1861 and undated." Folder 2045

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1.2. Civil War Accounts, April 1861-April 1865.

About 855 items.

These accounts document the income and expenses of Paul Cameron, Margaret Mordecai, Mildred C. Cameron, and others. Like the earlier accounts, these document a variety of goods and services purchased or provided by the Cameron family. In addition, they document Cameron support of the Confederacy, including receipts for fabric and merchandise associated with Margaret Mordecai's work with the Ladies Soldiers Aid Society of Raleigh (1861). See also Sub subseries 2.1.4, for undated accounts from the Civil War era.

Folder 2046

April 1861-December 1861 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.2. Civil War Accounts, April 1861-April 1865." Folder 2046

Folder 2047

1862 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.2. Civil War Accounts, April 1861-April 1865." Folder 2047

Folder 2048

1863 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.2. Civil War Accounts, April 1861-April 1865." Folder 2048

Folder 2049

1864 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.2. Civil War Accounts, April 1861-April 1865." Folder 2049

Folder 2050

January 1865-April 1865 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.2. Civil War Accounts, April 1861-April 1865." Folder 2050

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942.

About 100 items.

These accounts document the income and expenses of Paul Cameron, Margaret Mordecai, Mildred C. Cameron, Thomas A. Cameron, and Bennehan Cameron. In addition to documenting a variety of goods and services purchased or provided by the Cameron family, these accounts also contain property lists and other information about the estates of Paul Cameron, Margaret Mordecai, and Mildred C. Cameron. Also included is material concerning the University of North Carolina, such as bills for construction of Memorial Hall (20 June 1885); see also an undated "estimate for completion of Swain Hall, Chapel Hill." Undated accounts from this era are in Sub subseries 2.1.4.

Folder 2051

May 1865-December 1865 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2051

Folder 2052

1866 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2052

Folder 2053

1867 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2053

Folder 2054

1868 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2054

Folder 2055

1869 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2055

Folder 2056-2057

Folder 2056

Folder 2057

1870 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2056-2057

Folder 2058

1871 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2058

Folder 2059

1872 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2059

Folder 2060

1873 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2060

Folder 2061-2062

Folder 2061

Folder 2062

1874 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2061-2062

Folder 2063-2064

Folder 2063

Folder 2064

1875 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2063-2064

Folder 2065

1876 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2065

Folder 2066

1877 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2066

Folder 2067

1878 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2067

Folder 2068

1879 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2068

Folder 2069-2070

Folder 2069

Folder 2070

1880 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2069-2070

Folder 2071-2073

Folder 2071

Folder 2072

Folder 2073

1881 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2071-2073

Folder 2074-2075

Folder 2074

Folder 2075

1882 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2074-2075

Folder 2076

1883 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2076

Folder 2077-2078

Folder 2077

Folder 2078

1884 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2077-2078

Folder 2079

1885 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2079

Folder 2080

1886 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2080

Folder 2081

1887-1889 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2081

Folder 2082

1890-1894 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2082

Folder 2083

1901-1908 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2083

Folder 2084

1909-1942 #00133, Subseries: "2.1.3. Post-Civil War Accounts, 1865-1942." Folder 2084

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1.4. Undated Accounts.

About 255 items.

Arrangement: by recipient.

Undated accounts, excluding those of Richard Bennehan, Thomas Bennehan, and Duncan Cameron, and slave lists, all of which are filed in Subseries 2.1.1.

Folder 2085

Paul Cameron #00133, Subseries: "2.1.4. Undated Accounts." Folder 2085

Folder 2086

Margaret Mordecai and Mildred C. Cameron #00133, Subseries: "2.1.4. Undated Accounts." Folder 2086

Folder 2087-2088

Folder 2087

Folder 2088

Miscellaneous #00133, Subseries: "2.1.4. Undated Accounts." Folder 2087-2088

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated.

About 150 items.

Deeds, indentures, and grants documenting the transfer of Cameron lands and slaves. The bulk of these papers represent transactions involving either Richard Bennehan or Duncan Cameron, and sometimes both. Some documents pertaining to transactions involving Thomas Bennehan, Paul Cameron, and other family members are also included. Subseries 3.1 (Duncan Cameron's Client Files) include deeds not involving the Cameron family.

Folder 2089

1772-1799 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." Folder 2089

Oversize Paper OP-133/101

Indenture, 24 January 1776 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." OP-133/101

Between Tyree Harris and Richard Bennehan. In two pieces.

Oversize Paper OP-133/63

Indenture, 1779 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." OP-133/63

Osborne Jefferys.

Oversize Paper OP-133/100

Indenture, 31 August 1786 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." OP-133/100

Between James Freeland and Richard Bennehan.

Oversize Paper OP-133/6

Indenture, 27 February 1787 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." OP-133/6

Between Judith Stag and Richard Bennehan.

Oversize Paper OP-133/66

Indenture, 10 July 1788 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." OP-133/66

Rosanna Baxter.

Oversize Paper OP-133/69

Indenture, 16 January 1795 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." OP-133/69

Walter Alves.

Oversize Paper OP-133/11

Indenture, 28 November 1796 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." OP-133/11

Trustees of the University of North Carolina and Richard Bennehan.

Oversize Paper OP-133/7

Indenture, 19 January 1798 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." OP-133/7

Between Walter and Amelia Alves and Richard Bennehan for 266 acres in Orange County, N.C.

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-133/8

Indenture, 19 January 1798 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." XOP-133/8

Between Walter and Amelia Alves and Richard Bennehan for 266 acres in Orange County, N.C.; second copy.

Oversize Paper OP-133/71

Indenture, March 1799 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." OP-133/71

Oversize Paper OP-133/9

Grant, 26 November 1799 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." OP-133/9

From the state of North Carolina to Richard Bennehan for 247 acres in Orange County, N.C.

Oversize Paper OP-133/10

Indenture, 28 November 1799 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." OP-133/10

Trustees of the University of North Carolina and Richard Bennehan.

Folder 2090

1800-1809 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." Folder 2090

Oversize Paper OP-133/13

Indenture, 16 April 1801 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." OP-133/13

Between Anthony Richey and Richard Bennehan.

Oversize Paper OP-133/72

Indenture, 22 December 1801 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." OP-133/72

Oversize Paper OP-133/12

Indenture, 23 December 1801 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." OP-133/12

Between John Bennehan and Richard Bennehan.

Folder 2091

1810-1816 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." Folder 2091

Oversize Paper OP-133/14

Indenture, 19 September 1812 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." OP-133/14

Between Walter Alves and Richard Bennehan.

Oversize Paper OP-133/15

Indenture, 6 November 1812 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." OP-133/15

Between Walter Alves and Thomas Bennehan.

Folder 2092

1817-1819 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." Folder 2092

Folder 2093

1820-1823 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." Folder 2093

Oversize Paper OP-133/16

Grant, 15 August 1822 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." OP-133/16

State of North Carolina to Thomas Bennehan, with attached plat.

Folder 2094

1824-1826 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." Folder 2094

Folder 2095

1830-1833 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." Folder 2095

Folder 2096

1834-1838 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." Folder 2096

Folder 2097

1841-1857 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." Folder 2097

Folder 2098

1866-1869 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." Folder 2098

Folder 2099

1870-1879 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." Folder 2099

Folder 2100

1881-1888 #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." Folder 2100

Folder 2101

1902-1908 and undated #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." Folder 2101

Oversize Paper OP-133/102

Indenture, undated #00133, Subseries: "2.2. Deeds and Indentures, 1772-1908 and undated." OP-133/102

Possibly from James Freeland to Richard Bennehan.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated.

About 60 items.

Surveys and plats of Cameron lands. The bulk of these surveys and plats were commissioned by either Richard Bennehan or Duncan Cameron and date from 1761 to the 1820s. Later survey maps were commissioned by Paul Cameron or his estate. For other Cameron maps, see Subseries 2.6. For survey books, see Subseries 6.8.

Folder 2102

1761-1799 #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." Folder 2102

Oversize Paper OP-133/17

Map, circa 1792 #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." OP-133/17

Downtown Raleigh, "Union Square," with lots 140, 141, 156, and 157 marked "RB." Laminated.

Folder 2103

1801-1812 #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." Folder 2103

Oversize Paper OP-133/18

Survey for Richard Bennehan, 20 March 1804 #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." OP-133/18

Folder 2104

1813-1830 #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." Folder 2104

Oversize Paper OP-133/19

"Plot of Survey Walter Alves heirs to Duncan Cameron," 16 January 1821 #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." OP-133/19

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-133/24

Survey map, 26 October 1824 #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." XOP-133/24

Person County, for Duncan Cameron, hand-drawn by Phillips Moore.

Folder 2105

1831-1946 #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." Folder 2105

Oversize Paper OP-133/75

Map and survey, 1852 #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." OP-133/75

White Hall, Arnaudlia, and Lake Place Plantations. Concordia Parish, La. Printed.

Oversize Paper OP-133/76

Map, March 1881 #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." OP-133/76

Tract of land lying North of Chapel Hill, N.C. Survey by Professor R.H. Graves. Hand drawn. Encolsure dated 24 February 1883.

Oversize Paper OP-133/77

Map of land east of Chapel Hill, N.C., July 1882 #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." OP-133/77

R.H. Graves, Surveyor. Enclosure dated 24 February 1883.

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-133/20

"Map of Honorable Paul C. Cameron's Land on Flat, Eno, and Neuse Rivers in Durham, Wake, and Granville Counties," March 1890 #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." XOP-133/20

Survey of J.G. McDuffie, white on black.

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-133/21

Map, March 1917 #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." XOP-133/21

Snowhill Plantation. Survey by Sno. K. Strange.

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-133/22

Map, December 1920 #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." XOP-133/22

"Proposed Subdivision of Snowhill Plantation - Durham County, N.C." Drawn by Blair and Drane, Inc., Charlotte, N.C.

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-133/23

Map, October 1921 #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." XOP-133/23

"Subdivisions of Snowhill Plantation, Durham County, N.C. - The Property of the Heirs of Annie R. Collins." Plat and areas by Blair and Drane, Inc.

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-133/25

Map, July 1937 #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." XOP-133/25

"Showing in Part of Timbered Land, Fairntosh Plantation."

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-133/26

Map, December 1946 #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." XOP-133/26

Division line, Fairntosh Farm.

Folder 2106

Undated #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." Folder 2106

Oversize Paper OP-133/27

Tract of land between Little River and Flat River, undated #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." OP-133/27

Oversize Paper OP-133/28

Tract of land, undated #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." OP-133/28

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-133/29

Map, undated #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." XOP-133/29

Paul C. Cameron's land on Flat, Eno, and Neuse Rivers in Durham, Wake, and Granville Counties. See also XOP-133/30a-b.

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-133/30A

Map, undated #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." XOP-133/30A

Map of Honorable Paul C. Cameron's land on Flat, Eno, and Neuse Rivers in Durham, Wake, and Granville Counties. Blueprint. See also XOP-133/29.

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-133/30B

Map, undated #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." XOP-133/30B

Map of Honorable Paul C. Cameron's land on Flat, Eno, and Neuse Rivers in Durham, Wake, and Granville Counties. Second Copy. See also XOP-133/29.

Oversize Paper OP-133/31

Map, undated #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." OP-133/31

Tracts on Flat and Little Rivers, hand-drawn, laminated.

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-133/32

Plan of sundry tracts of land on Little River, undated #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." XOP-133/32

Hand-drawn, laminated.

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-133/33

Land survey, undated #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." XOP-133/33

A large area in Durham County, N.C. Tracts marked I-VIII. No legend.

Oversize Paper OP-133/34

Survey, undated #00133, Subseries: "2.3. Surveys and Land Plats, 1761-1937 and undated." OP-133/34

Tract of land belonging to Richard Bennehan on Flat River.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated.

About 250 items.

Tax lists and receipts documenting county, town, city, and federal property taxes paid by various members of the Cameron family over a period of 150 years. The bulk of the material relates to Orange County, N.C., taxes, with some material relating to Hillsborough, N.C., town taxes and Raleigh, N.C., city taxes. There are a few tax lists for federal direct taxes, as well as for "in kind" taxes levied by the Confederacy during the Civil War. Also included are a few receipts and lists documenting taxes paid on Cameron property in Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida. Manuscript copies of Orange County tax lists submitted chiefly by Richard and Thomas Bennehan from 1770 through the 1830s list slaves by name, age, and sex. The tax lists also enumerate land holdings, livestock, and farm equipment. Duncan and Paul Cameron's tax records include some detailed lists but primarily consist of receipts documenting only the amount of tax paid.

See Subseries 2.1, 2.6, 2.7, and 2.9 for more information on Cameron slave holdings.

Folder 2107

1770-1789 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." Folder 2107

Oversize Paper OP-133/88

Richard Bennehan's tax list, 25 July 1780 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." OP-133/88

Oversize Paper OP-133/89

Richard Bennehan's tax list, August 1782 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." OP-133/89

Oversize Paper OP-133/104

Tax list, 25 July 1780 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." OP-133/104

Descriptive list of Richard Bennehan's taxable property, given by him to James Covington.

Oversize Paper OP-133/105

Tax list, August 1782 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." OP-133/105

Descriptive list of Richard Bennehan's taxable property, given by him to James Covington.

Folder 2108

1790-1802 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." Folder 2108

Folder 2109

1803-1809 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." Folder 2109

Folder 2110

1810-1819 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." Folder 2110

Folder 2111

1820-1825 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." Folder 2111

Folder 2112

1826-1829 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." Folder 2112

Folder 2113

1830-1835 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." Folder 2113

Folder 2114

1836-1839 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." Folder 2114

Folder 2115

1840-1845 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." Folder 2115

Folder 2116

1846-1849 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." Folder 2116

Folder 2117

1850-1859 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." Folder 2117

Folder 2118

1860-1865 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." Folder 2118

Folder 2119

1866-1869 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." Folder 2119

Folder 2120

1870-1879 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." Folder 2120

Folder 2121

1880-1899 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." Folder 2121

Folder 2122

1900-1941 #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." Folder 2122

Folder 2123

Undated #00133, Subseries: "2.4. Tax Lists and Receipts, 1770-1941 and undated." Folder 2123

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889.

About 300 items.

Promissory notes and bonds documenting money lent by members of the Cameron family to each other and to overseers, craftsmen, neighbors, friends, and relatives. Also included are notes and bonds documenting loans made to the Cameron family.

Folder 2124

1772-1799 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2124

Folder 2125

1800-1803 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2125

Folder 2126

1804 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2126

Folder 2127

1805 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2127

Folder 2128

1806 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2128

Folder 2129

1807 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2129

Folder 2130

1808 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2130

Folder 2131

1809-1810 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2131

Folder 2132

1811-1819 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2132

Folder 2133

1820 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2133

Folder 2134

1821 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2134

Folder 2135

1822 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2135

Folder 2136

1823 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2136

Folder 2137

1824 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2137

Folder 2138

1825 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2138

Folder 2139

1826 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2139

Folder 2140

1827 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2140

Folder 2141

1828 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2141

Folder 2142

1829-1832 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2142

Folder 2143

1833 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2143

Folder 2144

1834 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2144

Folder 2145

1835-1839 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2145

Folder 2146

1840-1849 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2146

Folder 2147

1850-1859 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2147

Folder 2148

1860-1869 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2148

Folder 2149

1870-1879 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2149

Folder 2150

1880-1889 #00133, Subseries: "2.5. Promissory Notes and Bonds, 1772-1889." Folder 2150

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.6. Estate Papers, 1804-1942.

About 450 items.

Arrangement: alphabetical by name.

Receipts, bills, statements, maps, slave lists, correspondence, and other materials relating to the settlement of the estates of members of the Cameron family. The arrangement of this subseries reflects the arrangement of these papers when they arrived at the Southern Historical Collection. The papers pertaining to each estate were in labeled bundles or envelopes. Each set of papers presumably was collected by the family member who was the executor of the estate. The estate papers of Thomas Bennehan and Duncan Cameron are especially complete.

Also included in this subseries are the estate papers of William Johnston, collected by Richard Bennehan who was Johnston's business partner and the executor of his estate. See Subseries 6.9 for volumes relating to Cameron estates. See Subseries 2.7 for wills made by members of the Cameron family.

Folder 2151

Thomas Amis #00133, Subseries: "2.6. Estate Papers, 1804-1942." Folder 2151

Folder 2152

Daniel Anderson #00133, Subseries: "2.6. Estate Papers, 1804-1942." Folder 2152

Folder 2153-2156

Folder 2153

Folder 2154

Folder 2155

Folder 2156

Thomas Bennehan #00133, Subseries: "2.6. Estate Papers, 1804-1942." Folder 2153-2156

Folder 2157

William Bennehan #00133, Subseries: "2.6. Estate Papers, 1804-1942." Folder 2157

Folder 2158

Ann Nash Cameron #00133, Subseries: "2.6. Estate Papers, 1804-1942." Folder 2158

Folder 2159

Ann Ruffin Cameron #00133, Subseries: "2.6. Estate Papers, 1804-1942." Folder 2159

Folder 2160-2166

Folder 2160

Folder 2161

Folder 2162

Folder 2163

Folder 2164

Folder 2165

Folder 2166

Duncan Cameron #00133, Subseries: "2.6. Estate Papers, 1804-1942." Folder 2160-2166

Folder 2167

Mildred Coles Cameron #00133, Subseries: "2.6. Estate Papers, 1804-1942." Folder 2167

Oversize Paper OP-133/35

Inventory of the estate of Mildred Coles Cameron by Paul Cameron, May 1882 #00133, Subseries: "2.6. Estate Papers, 1804-1942." OP-133/35

Folder 2168

Paul Cameron #00133, Subseries: "2.6. Estate Papers, 1804-1942." Folder 2168

Folder 2169

Thomas A. Cameron #00133, Subseries: "2.6. Estate Papers, 1804-1942." Folder 2169

Folder 2170

Ann Ruffin Collins #00133, Subseries: "2.6. Estate Papers, 1804-1942." Folder 2170

Folder 2171

William Johnston #00133, Subseries: "2.6. Estate Papers, 1804-1942." Folder 2171

Folder 2172-2174

Folder 2172

Folder 2173

Folder 2174

George W. Mordecai #00133, Subseries: "2.6. Estate Papers, 1804-1942." Folder 2172-2174

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.7. Wills, 1764-1891.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.8. Insurance, 1820-1889.

About 120 items.

Chiefly policies for fire insurance on buildings owned by the Cameron family, with a few statements and advertising cards from various insurance companies. Included are fire insurance policies for Saint Mary's School in Raleigh, N.C. See Series 1 for correspondence dealing with Saint Mary's School. Also see Subseries 2.1 and 5.1 for other material about Saint Mary's School.

Folder 2186

1820-1829 #00133, Subseries: "2.8. Insurance, 1820-1889." Folder 2186

Folder 2187

1830-1839 #00133, Subseries: "2.8. Insurance, 1820-1889." Folder 2187

Folder 2188

1840-1859 #00133, Subseries: "2.8. Insurance, 1820-1889." Folder 2188

Folder 2189

1860-1869 #00133, Subseries: "2.8. Insurance, 1820-1889." Folder 2189

Folder 2190

1870-1875 #00133, Subseries: "2.8. Insurance, 1820-1889." Folder 2190

Folder 2191

1876-1879 #00133, Subseries: "2.8. Insurance, 1820-1889." Folder 2191

Folder 2192

1880-1885 #00133, Subseries: "2.8. Insurance, 1820-1889." Folder 2192

Folder 2193

1886-1889 #00133, Subseries: "2.8. Insurance, 1820-1889." Folder 2193

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941.

About 525 items.

Arrangement: alphabetical by type of item, then chronological.

Advertisements, agreements, appointments, appraisals, certifications, Confederate bonds, court papers, licenses, a marriage settlement, memoranda, a presidential pardon, powers of attorney, releases, stock certificates, stockholder lists, and writs.

Advertisements chiefly consist of broadsides advertising the services of Cameron stud horses, including the renowned race horse Sir Archie. Also advertised is the sale of Cameron livestock and the availability of Cameron lands for lease to tenant farmers.

Legal agreements between members of the Cameron family and those with whom they did business include contracts, covenants, leases, and articles of agreement. Of particular note are agreements formalizing Duncan Cameron's business partnerships, especially the ones with Richard and Thomas Bennehan. Other agreements include contracts to sell land and slaves; Duncan Cameron's contract to write a book summarizing cases decided by the Court of Conference, to be published by Joseph Gales; Paul Cameron's agreement with Horner and Graves to rent them land in Hillsborough, N.C., for a high school; a lease for Saint Mary's School and a heating contract for Saint Mary's; and Paul Cameron's contracts with former slaves, who became tenants on Cameron land.

There are appraisals of slaves and livestock that the Camerons either owned or were trying to buy, as well as the bills of sale for slaves and livestock. Also included are certifications of horses' pedigrees and of proofs of distilled liquor, and an 1838 document certifying that Duncan Cameron paid off a debt on behalf of "the Episcopal School in Raleigh" (the Episcopal School of North Carolina).

Manuscript copies of official court documents pertaining to court cases or legal actions involving the Camerons are included.

There are a few licenses giving the Camerons permission to distill spirits as well as a license allowing George Mordecai to have two gates across a highway on his land.

The marriage settlement between Margaret Bennehan Cameron and George Mordecai is included, as is Paul Cameron's presidential pardon absolving him of his support for the Confederacy.

There are also a number of routine legal documents filed in this subseries: powers of attorney, chiefly granting out of state lawyers power to handle matters concerning Cameron lands; memoranda; releases freeing members of the Cameron family from financial obligations; and writs demanding payment of debt.

Stock and bond certificates and stockholder lists document the family's extensive financial holdings. Included among the stock and bond certificates are Confederate bonds purchased by Paul Cameron with Aldert and Bennet Smedes, directors of Saint Mary's School. The bulk of the Cameron's stock holdings was in banks, railroads, and insurance companies. For other stock lists, see Volumes 195-197. For more information about the Camerons involvement in banks and railroads in North Carolina, see Subseries 5.2 and 5.9.

Folder 2194

Advertisements, 1792-1887 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2194

Oversize Paper OP-133/87

Advertisement for the horse, Sir Archie, undated #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." OP-133/87

Oversize Paper OP-133/36

Advertisement by Thomas D. Bennehan for Young Sir Archie, a stud horse, 10 March 1830 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." OP-133/36

Printed.

Oversize Paper OP-133/37

Advertisement by Thomas D. Bennehan for Character, a stud horse, 18 March 1832 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." OP-133/37

Printed.

Oversize Paper OP-133/38

Advertisement by Thomas D. Bennehan, on behalf of John Ray, for Conqueror, a stud horse, 12 March 1833 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." OP-133/38

Printed.

Folder 2195

Agreements, 1775-1810 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2195

Folder 2196

Agreements, 1811-1859 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2196

Folder 2197

Agreements, 1860-1869 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2197

Folder 2198

Agreements, 1870-1879 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2198

Folder 2199

Agreements, 1880-1889 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2199

Folder 2200

Appointments, 1845-1848 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2200

Folder 2201

Appraisals, 1808-1877 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2201

Folder 2202

Bills of Sale, 1769-1809 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2202

Folder 2203

Bills of Sale, 1810-1819 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2203

Folder 2204

Bills of Sale, 1820-1854 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2204

Folder 2205

Certifications, 1792-1872 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2205

Folder 2206

Confederate Bonds, 1864 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2206

Folder 2207

Licenses, 1815-1870 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2207

Folder 2208

Marriage Settlement, 1853 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2208

Folder 2209

Memoranda, 1783-1861 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2209

Folder 2210

Miscellaneous, 1785-1869 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2210

Folder 2211

Miscellaneous, 1870-1921 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2211

Folder 2212

Petition for Presidential Pardon, 1865-1866 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2212

Oversize Paper OP-133/39

Presidential pardon by Andrew Johnson of Paul Cameron for taking part in the Civil War, 28 September 1865 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." OP-133/39

Folder 2213

Powers of Attorney, 1826-1941 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2213

Folder 2214

Releases, 1828-1883 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2214

Folder 2215

Stock Certificates, 1838-1895 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2215

Folder 2216

Stockholder Lists, 1819-1889 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2216

Folder 2217

Writs, 1804-1816, 1818-1889 #00133, Subseries: "2.9. Other Family Financial and Legal Papers, 1769-1941." Folder 2217

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Duncan Cameron's Legal Papers, 1797-1837 and undated.

About 2,500 items.

Case and client files, dockets, correspondence, and forms documenting Duncan Cameron's legal practice. See Series 1 for correspondence from clients and Subseries 6.10 for other documentation of Duncan Cameron's legal practice.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s.

About 2,000 items.

Arrangement: alphabetical by client.

Deeds, depositions, case notes, statements, receipts, and other legal papers which do not pertain to members of the Cameron family. The bulk of this material was generated by Duncan Cameron in his law practice and documents services rendered to clients. Some material may relate to cases Cameron heard as a Superior Court judge. Other items may have come into the family's possession in the course of land transactions.

The arrangement of this subseries and the appellation "client files" are artificial and were imposed during processing. Papers are filed under the name of the person or company with which the documents are primarily concerned, i.e. the "client". There are exceptions: when the papers pertain to a court case, the documents are filed under the defendant's name. When a document mentions two parties, as with a deed, the document is filed under the first party's name.

Duncan Cameron's legal work on behalf of clients represented in these papers includes debt collection, drawing up legal documents such as wills and deeds, administering and settling estates, and representing clients in court. Cameron collected debts for North Carolina and Virginia merchants. Materials relating to Watson and Ebenezer Stott Company, Gracie Anderson Company, and Buchanan Dunlop Company are particularly numerous.

Many of Cameron's friends, neighbors, and employees also turned to him for legal aid, including Joseph Gales, Bishop John Ravenscroft, Young Dortch, Richard Henderson, Walter Alves and many others. The settlement of the estate of Absolum Tatum, a Tennessee resident, is the most completely documented of Duncan Cameron's accounts in this subseries. Cameron worked on the account with two other North Carolina lawyers, Abram Maury and Samuel Goodwin.

For letters from clients and other lawyers, as well as for occasional manuscript copies of Duncan Cameron's outgoing correspondence relating to his legal business, see Series 1. For documentation of fees paid Cameron, see Subseries 2.1. For volumes relating to Duncan Cameron's legal practice, see Series 6.

Folder 2218-2252

Folder 2218

Folder 2219

Folder 2220

Folder 2221

Folder 2222

Folder 2223

Folder 2224

Folder 2225

Folder 2226

Folder 2227

Folder 2228

Folder 2229

Folder 2230

Folder 2231

Folder 2232

Folder 2233

Folder 2234

Folder 2235

Folder 2236

Folder 2237

Folder 2238

Folder 2239

Folder 2240

Folder 2241

Folder 2242

Folder 2243

Folder 2244

Folder 2245

Folder 2246

Folder 2247

Folder 2248

Folder 2249

Folder 2250

Folder 2251

Folder 2252

A #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 2218-2252

Oversize Paper OP-133/70

Indenture, 20 December 1796 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/70

Between Lodwick Alford and David Malone.

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-133/73

Indenture, 18 September 1812 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." XOP-133/73

Between Walter and Amelia Alves and Richard Henderson, 5075 acres in Orange County, N.C. Encapsulated.

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-133/74

Indenture, 18 September 1812 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." XOP-133/74

Between Walter Alves and Richard Henderson, 5075 acres in Orange County, N.C. Second copy. Encapsulated.

Folder 2253-2376

Folder 2253

Folder 2254

Folder 2255

Folder 2256

Folder 2257

Folder 2258

Folder 2259

Folder 2260

Folder 2261

Folder 2262

Folder 2263

Folder 2264

Folder 2265

Folder 2266

Folder 2267

Folder 2268

Folder 2269

Folder 2270

Folder 2271

Folder 2272

Folder 2273

Folder 2274

Folder 2275

Folder 2276

Folder 2277

Folder 2278

Folder 2279

Folder 2280

Folder 2281

Folder 2282

Folder 2283

Folder 2284

Folder 2285

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Folder 2288

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Folder 2294

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Folder 2297

Folder 2298

Folder 2299

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Folder 2301

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Folder 2307

Folder 2308

Folder 2309

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Folder 2355

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Folder 2360

Folder 2361

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Folder 2363

Folder 2364

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Folder 2366

Folder 2367

Folder 2368

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Folder 2371

Folder 2372

Folder 2373

Folder 2374

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Folder 2376

B #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 2253-2376

Oversize Paper OP-133/40

Indenture, 17 August 1765 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/40

Between Patrick Bogan and John Ray, 225 acres in Orange County, N.C.

Oversize Paper OP-133/46

Indenture, 18 August 1760 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/46

Between Margaret Boggan and James Boggan.

Oversize Paper OP-133/48

Indenture, 22 July 1762 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/48

Between Patrick Bogan and John Ray.

Oversize Paper OP-133/49

Indenture, 19 January 1763 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/49

Between James Bogan and Olsson Martin.

Folder 2377-2436

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C-Cle #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 2377-2436

Folder 2437-2466

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Cli-Cu #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 2437-2466

Oversize Paper OP-133/54

Indenture, 7 June 1773 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/54

Between William Cothrell and McCall Elliot, probably Orange County, N.C. land. Laminated.

Folder 2467-2541

Folder 2467

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D #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 2467-2541

Oversize Paper OP-133/68

Indenture, 25 March 1790 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/68

Between Robert Dickins and John Commons, 319 acres in Caswell County.

Folder 2542-2559

Folder 2542

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E #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 2542-2559

Folder 2560-2588

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F #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 2560-2588

Oversize Paper OP-133/56

Indenture, 22 December 1773 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/56

Between William Fletcher and McCall Elliot, 400 acres in Orange County, N.C.

Oversize Paper OP-133/64

Indenture, 23 May 1786 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/64

Between James Freeland and Edward Harris.

Folder 2589-2643

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G #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 2589-2643

Oversize Paper OP-133/41

Indenture with attached plat, 26 April 1753 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/41

Between Earl Granville and John Dunnagen, 640 acres in Granville County, N.C.

Oversize Paper OP-133/42

Indenture with attached plat, 8 May 1756 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/42

Between Earl Granville and Osborne Jeffreys, 302 acres in Orange County, N.C.

Oversize Paper OP-133/43

Indenture with attached plat, 12 May 1755 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/43

Between Earl Granville and Osborne Jeffreys, 126 acres in Orange County, N.C.

Oversize Paper OP-133/57

Indenture, 15 February 1775 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/57

Between John Garrand and James Harris, 200 acres in Orange County, N.C.

Oversize Paper OP-133/59

Indenture, 12 May 1755 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/59

Between Earl Granville and Osborne Jeffreys, 65 acres in Orange County, N.C.

Folder 2644-2703

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Folder 2695

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Folder 2699

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Folder 2701

Folder 2702

Folder 2703

H-Hend #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 2644-2703

Oversize Paper OP-133/45

Indenture, 2 February 1760 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/45

Between Thomas Harris and Tyree Harris, 200 acres in Orange County, N.C.

Oversize Paper OP-133/51

Indenture, 5 May 1767 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/51

Between Nathaniel Harris and Tyree Harris, 300 acres in Orange County, N.C.

Oversize Paper OP-133/60

Indenture, 4 October 1775 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/60

Between James Harris and William Wallace, 129 acres in Orange County, N.C.

Folder 2704-2755

Folder 2704

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Henl-Hu #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 2704-2755

Folder 2756-2760

Folder 2756

Folder 2757

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Folder 2760

I #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 2756-2760

Folder 2761-2796

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Folder 2763

Folder 2764

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Folder 2795

Folder 2796

J #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 2761-2796

Oversize Paper OP-133/67

Indenture, 24 December 1789 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/67

Between Osborne Jefferies and John Commen, 115 acres in Caswell County.

Folder 2797-2810

Folder 2797

Folder 2798

Folder 2799

Folder 2800

Folder 2801

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K #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 2797-2810

Folder 2811-2859

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L #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 2811-2859

Folder 2860-2974

Folder 2860

Folder 2861

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Folder 2974

M #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 2860-2974

Oversize Paper OP-133/47

Indenture, 30 July 1761 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/47

Between Henry McCulloh and John Banks.

Oversize Paper OP-133/55

Indenture, 6 November 1773 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/55

Between Gannaway Martin, Olsson Martin, and James Martin. In two pieces.

Oversize Paper OP-133/86

Indenture, 31 August 1789 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/86

Between Rebecca McClemen and Ray Ray.

Folder 2975-2987

Folder 2975

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Folder 2977

Folder 2978

Folder 2979

Folder 2980

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Folder 2987

N #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 2975-2987

Folder 2988-2995

Folder 2988

Folder 2989

Folder 2990

Folder 2991

Folder 2992

Folder 2993

Folder 2994

Folder 2995

O #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 2988-2995

Folder 2996-3056

Folder 2996

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Folder 3000

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Folder 3051

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P #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 2996-3056

Folder 3057

Q #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 3057

Folder 3058-3121

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Folder 3120

Folder 3121

R #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 3058-3121

Oversize Paper OP-133/53

Indenture, 14 February 1770 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/53

Between John Ray and William Ray.

Oversize Paper OP-133/58

Indenture, 11 March 1773 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/58

Between William Ray and James Martin.

Oversize Paper OP-133/65

Indenture, 26 February 1787 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/65

Between William Ray and Judith Stagg, 65 acres in Orange County, N.C.

Folder 3122-3223

Folder 3122

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Folder 3133

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Folder 3221

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S #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 3122-3223

Oversize Paper OP-133/44

Indenture, 11 June 1759 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/44

Between Thomas Stagg and Thomas Harris, 100 acres in Orange County.

Folder 3224-3232

Folder 3224

Folder 3225

Folder 3226

Folder 3227

Folder 3228

Folder 3229

Folder 3230

Folder 3231

Folder 3232

T-Tat #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 3224-3232

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-133/95

Equity court document, undated #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." XOP-133/95

Absolum Tatum.

Folder 3233-3270

Folder 3233

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Folder 3264

Folder 3265

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Folder 3268

Folder 3269

Folder 3270

Tay-Tu #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 3233-3270

Folder 3271-3275

Folder 3271

Folder 3272

Folder 3273

Folder 3274

Folder 3275

U #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 3271-3275

Folder 3276-3278

Folder 3276

Folder 3277

Folder 3278

V #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 3276-3278

Folder 3279-3361

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Folder 3280

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Folder 3360

Folder 3361

W #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 3279-3361

Oversize Paper OP-133/50

Indenture, 12 October 1765 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/50

Between Thomas Webb and James Harris, 135 acres in Orange County, N.C.

Oversize Paper OP-133/52

Indenture, 15 May 1767 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/52

Between Thomas Webb and Tyree Harris.

Oversize Paper OP-133/61

Indenture, 7 November 1776 #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/61

Between William Wallace and James Harris, 179 acres in Orange County, N.C.

Folder 3362-3367

Folder 3362

Folder 3363

Folder 3364

Folder 3365

Folder 3366

Folder 3367

Y-Z #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 3362-3367

Folder 3368-3376

Folder 3368

Folder 3369

Folder 3370

Folder 3371

Folder 3372

Folder 3373

Folder 3374

Folder 3375

Folder 3376

Unidentified #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." Folder 3368-3376

Oversize Paper OP-133/62

Unidentified item #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/62

Possibly an indenture, circa 1 February 1779

Oversize Paper OP-133/78

Plat of Person County lands, undated #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." OP-133/78

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-133/94

Unidentified map, undated #00133, Subseries: "3.1. Client Files, 1797-1830s." XOP-133/94

Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated.

About 300 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Court dockets and memoranda listing the trials in which Duncan Cameron was involved as a lawyer or as a judge. The terms docket and memorandum were sometimes used interchangeably but usually docket is used to refer to a formal document which lists all the cases between being heard at a particular court and memorandum refers to an informal list which includes only the cases involving a particular lawyer.

Dockets and memoranda dating from 1798 to 1813 document Duncan Cameron's service as a lawyer to clients whose cases were being heard at various courts in Piedmont North Carolina, including the Salisbury, Guilford, Caswell, and Orange county courts. Dockets from 1814 to 1816 document cases that Duncan Cameron presided over as a superior court judge in eastern North Carolina. During this period he heard cases in Chowan, Bertie, Halifax, and other coastal counties. Also included are a few dockets from other courts. A single docket from 1837 lists Paul Cameron as a lawyer. A few dockets appear to have been drawn up for William Norwood and for Frederick Nash, Duncan Cameron's nephew, both whom were also lawyers. See Subseries 6.10 for bound dockets.

Folder 3377

1798 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3377

Folder 3378

1799 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3378

Folder 3379-3380

Folder 3379

Folder 3380

1800 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3379-3380

Folder 3381-3382

Folder 3381

Folder 3382

1801 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3381-3382

Folder 3383-3384

Folder 3383

Folder 3384

1802 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3383-3384

Folder 3385-3386

Folder 3385

Folder 3386

1803 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3385-3386

Folder 3387-3389

Folder 3387

Folder 3388

Folder 3389

1804 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3387-3389

Folder 3390-3391

Folder 3390

Folder 3391

1805 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3390-3391

Folder 3392

1806 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3392

Folder 3393

1807 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3393

Folder 3394

1808 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3394

Folder 3395

1809 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3395

Folder 3396

1810 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3396

Folder 3397

1811 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3397

Folder 3398-3399

Folder 3398

Folder 3399

1812 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3398-3399

Folder 3400

1813 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3400

Folder 3401-3407

Folder 3401

Folder 3402

Folder 3403

Folder 3404

Folder 3405

Folder 3406

Folder 3407

1814 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3401-3407

Folder 3408-3416

Folder 3408

Folder 3409

Folder 3410

Folder 3411

Folder 3412

Folder 3413

Folder 3414

Folder 3415

Folder 3416

1815 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3408-3416

Folder 3417-3424

Folder 3417

Folder 3418

Folder 3419

Folder 3420

Folder 3421

Folder 3422

Folder 3423

Folder 3424

1816 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3417-3424

Folder 3425

1817 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3425

Folder 3426

1837 #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3426

Folder 3427-3428

Folder 3427

Folder 3428

Undated #00133, Subseries: "3.2. Dockets and Memoranda, 1798-1837and undated." Folder 3427-3428

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 3.3. Blank Forms, undated.

About 30 items.

Blank forms used for summons, indentures, and bonds. These forms were found among the material now in Subseries 3.1; they were probably used in Duncan Cameron's law office.

Folder 3429-3430

Folder 3429

Folder 3430

Blank forms #00133, Subseries: "3.3. Blank Forms, undated." Folder 3429-3430

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Speeches and Writings, 1796-1892.

About 130 items.

Speeches, poetry, compositions, and other writings by members of the Cameron family and some by family friends.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 4.1. Speeches, 1796-1806 and undated.

About 30 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Speeches given by John A. Cameron (Duncan Cameron's nephew), Paul Cameron, and William Webb, who was a family friend. Speeches by John Cameron and William Webb were written to be read at meetings of the Dialectic Society, the debating society to which they belonged while they were students at the University of North Carolina. Paul Cameron's speeches include two lengthy undated addresses: one was presented to the Franklin Society and the other to the University of North Carolina Normal School. This subseries also includes a few unidentified and undated talks, probably drafted by Paul Cameron.

Folder 3431

Speeches by John Cameron and William Webb, to the Dialectic Society, 1796-1806 #00133, Subseries: "4.1. Speeches, 1796-1806 and undated." Folder 3431

Folder 3432

Speech by Paul Cameron, to the Franklin Society, undated #00133, Subseries: "4.1. Speeches, 1796-1806 and undated." Folder 3432

Folder 3433

Speech by Paul Cameron, to the University of North Carolina Normal School, undated #00133, Subseries: "4.1. Speeches, 1796-1806 and undated." Folder 3433

Folder 3434

Speeches, unidentified, undated #00133, Subseries: "4.1. Speeches, 1796-1806 and undated." Folder 3434

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 4.2. Poetry, 1824-1883 and undated.

About 50 items.

Arrangement: roughly by author, then chronological.

Verses attributed to members of the Cameron family, with some poems written by family friends. The bulk of the poetry is unattributed and undated. Some of the unattributed poetry may have been copied from newspapers, magazines, or books.

Folder 3435

Poetry, by members of the Cameron family, 1876-1883 and undated #00133, Subseries: "4.2. Poetry, 1824-1883 and undated." Folder 3435

Folder 3436

Poetry, by others, 1876-1883 and undated #00133, Subseries: "4.2. Poetry, 1824-1883 and undated." Folder 3436

Folder 3437

Poetry, unattributed, and undated #00133, Subseries: "4.2. Poetry, 1824-1883 and undated." Folder 3437

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 4.3. Compositions and Notes, 1796-1871 and undated.

50 items.

Arrangement: by type, then chronological.

Compositions and notes written by Cameron youth for school or for tutors. Compositions deal with religious, moral, and historical subjects. There are several compositions by John A. Cameron and William Webb, a family friend, while they were students at the University of North Carolina between 1796 and 1805. Topics include dueling, public education, slavery, government, classical history, and current events. Also included is an undated composition by Duncan Cameron entitled "The Just Proportion of Punishment to Crimes," probably written early in his legal career.

School notes pertain to history, religion, weights and measures, and arithmetic. Many notes are undated and unattributed.

For other material relating to the schooling of the Cameron children see Subseries 5.1. For financial papers documenting tuition, room, and board, see Subseries 2.1. See Series 1 for correspondence between parents and teachers, relating to the schooling of the Cameron children. For bound school notes see Subseries 6.12.

Folder 3438

Compositions, 1796-1797 #00133, Subseries: "4.3. Compositions and Notes, 1796-1871 and undated." Folder 3438

Folder 3439

Compositions, 1798-1805 #00133, Subseries: "4.3. Compositions and Notes, 1796-1871 and undated." Folder 3439

Folder 3440

Compositions, 1806-1863 #00133, Subseries: "4.3. Compositions and Notes, 1796-1871 and undated." Folder 3440

Folder 3441-3442

Folder 3441

Folder 3442

Compositions, undated #00133, Subseries: "4.3. Compositions and Notes, 1796-1871 and undated." Folder 3441-3442

Folder 3443

Notes, 1824-1836 #00133, Subseries: "4.3. Compositions and Notes, 1796-1871 and undated." Folder 3443

Folder 3444-3446

Folder 3444

Folder 3445

Folder 3446

Notes, undated #00133, Subseries: "4.3. Compositions and Notes, 1796-1871 and undated." Folder 3444-3446

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 4.4. Other Writings, 1892 and undated.

3 items.

An article, an essay, and a report. The article, entitled "The Late Honorable Paul C. Cameron," was written by J. D. Cameron and appeared in the North Carolina University Magazine sometime after Paul Cameron's death, probably in 1892. Paul Cameron's essay, "A Peep Into the Old Dominion," is undated. Also included is a report made by Paul Cameron to the Committee on the Best Farming in North Carolina (perhaps of the State Agricultural Society).

Folder 3447

Article, "The Late Honorable Paul C. Cameron," by J. D. Cameron, circa 1892 #00133, Subseries: "4.4. Other Writings, 1892 and undated." Folder 3447

Folder 3448

Essay, "Peep Into the Old Dominion," by Paul Cameron, undated #00133, Subseries: "4.4. Other Writings, 1892 and undated." Folder 3448

Folder 3449

Report, Best Farming in North Carolina Committee, circa 1854 #00133, Subseries: "4.4. Other Writings, 1892 and undated." Folder 3449

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 5. Other Papers, 1807-1961 and undated.

About 1,300 items.

Material relating to schools (Subseries 5.1), banks (5.2), military affairs (5.3), churches (5.4), the Stagville Post Office (5.5), politics, (5.8), railroads (5.9), buildings and grounds (5.12), and family history (5.13), and collections of recipes and instructions (5.6), remedies and prescriptions (5.7), invitations and calling cards (5.11), and miscellaneous printed items (5.10) and notes and fragments (5.14).

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 5.1. School Material, 1814-1890.

About 125 items.

Arrangement: grade reports (alphabetical by student), followed by printed material (alphabetical by school).

Grade reports and printed material from schools attended by Cameron youth. The grade reports are chiefly those of immediate family members, including children of Duncan and Paul Cameron and children of Rebecca Cameron Graham and Anne Cameron Collins. There are also grade reports for other relatives, Allen Ruffin, S. F. Mordecai, and Altona Gales. Printed material consists of pamphlets, invitations to commencements and dances, and circular letters from schools attended by members of the Cameron family and schools, like Saint Mary's, in which the family had a continuing interest.

See Series 1 for letters from Cameron children at boarding schools and for correspondence dealing with the administration of Saint Mary's School. See Subseries 2.1 for financial material relating to tuition, room, and board for Cameron children, and to improvements made at Saint Mary's. Subseries 4.3 contains compositions and notes written by Cameron children. See Subseries 6.12 for volumes containing school material.

Folder 3450

Grade Reports: Bennehan Cameron #00133, Subseries: "5.1. School Material, 1814-1890." Folder 3450

Folder 3451

Grade Reports: Mary Anne Cameron #00133, Subseries: "5.1. School Material, 1814-1890." Folder 3451

Folder 3452

Grade Reports: Mary W. Cameron #00133, Subseries: "5.1. School Material, 1814-1890." Folder 3452

Folder 3453

Grade Reports: Mildred Coles Cameron #00133, Subseries: "5.1. School Material, 1814-1890." Folder 3453

Folder 3454

Grade Reports: Paul Cameron #00133, Subseries: "5.1. School Material, 1814-1890." Folder 3454

Folder 3455

Grade Reports: Pauline Cameron #00133, Subseries: "5.1. School Material, 1814-1890." Folder 3455

Folder 3456

Grade Reports: Collins Children #00133, Subseries: "5.1. School Material, 1814-1890." Folder 3456

Folder 3457

Grade Reports: Graham Children #00133, Subseries: "5.1. School Material, 1814-1890." Folder 3457

Folder 3458

Grade Reports: Other Children #00133, Subseries: "5.1. School Material, 1814-1890." Folder 3458

Folder 3459

Printed Material: Misses Nash and Kollock Select Boarding and Day School #00133, Subseries: "5.1. School Material, 1814-1890." Folder 3459

Folder 3460

Printed Material: Saint Mary's School #00133, Subseries: "5.1. School Material, 1814-1890." Folder 3460

Folder 3461

Printed Material: Trinity College #00133, Subseries: "5.1. School Material, 1814-1890." Folder 3461

Folder 3462

Printed Material: Virginia Military Institute #00133, Subseries: "5.1. School Material, 1814-1890." Folder 3462

Folder 3463

Printed Material: Washington College #00133, Subseries: "5.1. School Material, 1814-1890." Folder 3463

Oversize Paper OP-133/85

Diploma of Paul Cameron, undated #00133, Subseries: "5.1. School Material, 1814-1890." OP-133/85

From Washington College, Hartford, Conn.

Folder 3464

Printed Material: Other Schools #00133, Subseries: "5.1. School Material, 1814-1890." Folder 3464

Oversize Paper OP-133/84

Certificate, 1799 #00133, Subseries: "5.1. School Material, 1814-1890." OP-133/84

Thomas Bennehan from the Dialectic Society at the University of North Carolina.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 5.2. Bank Material, 1811-1890.

About 75 items.

Arrangement: alphabetical by bank.

Minutes, proxy letters, powers of attorney, statements of earnings, reports, and circular letters to stockholders of various banks in North Carolina and Virginia. Duncan or Paul Cameron was a stockholder or an official in each of these banks. See Series 1 for correspondence pertaining to the Camerons' involvement in various banks, especially the State Bank of North Carolina. Subseries 2.1 and 6.2 contain material documenting personal accounts in these banks.

Folder 3465

Bank of New Bern: Minutes of Stockholders' Meeting, 1831 #00133, Subseries: "5.2. Bank Material, 1811-1890." Folder 3465

Folder 3466

Bank of New Bern: Proxy and Power of Attorney Letters, 1828-1830 #00133, Subseries: "5.2. Bank Material, 1811-1890." Folder 3466

Folder 3467

Bank of New Bern: Statements, 1830-1833 #00133, Subseries: "5.2. Bank Material, 1811-1890." Folder 3467

Folder 3468

Mercantile Bank of Norfolk: Statements, 1872-1875 #00133, Subseries: "5.2. Bank Material, 1811-1890." Folder 3468

Folder 3469

State Bank of North Carolina/Bank of the State of North Carolina: Proxy Letters, 1811 #00133, Subseries: "5.2. Bank Material, 1811-1890." Folder 3469

Folder 3470

State Bank of North Carolina/Bank of the State of North Carolina: Other Papers, 1811-1849 #00133, Subseries: "5.2. Bank Material, 1811-1890." Folder 3470

Folder 3471

State Bank of North Carolina/Bank of the State of North Carolina: Statements, 1819, 1853 #00133, Subseries: "5.2. Bank Material, 1811-1890." Folder 3471

Folder 3472

Other Banks, 1820-1890 #00133, Subseries: "5.2. Bank Material, 1811-1890." Folder 3472

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 5.3. Military, 1807-1865.

About 70 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Chiefly troop returns sent to Duncan Cameron when he was a colonel in the North Carolina Militia in 1812, and after his subsequent promotion to major general in 1813. Troop returns, also called statements, list the officers, enlisted men, staff, arms, and supplies of the companies and regiments of infantry and cavalry of the 6th and 16th brigade which made up the 3rd division of the North Carolina Militia. This division consisted of regiments representing Person, Orange, Granville, Caswell, and Chatham Counties.

Also included is John A. Cameron's letter of appointment which named him adjutant of the Hillsborough District Regiment of Cavalry of the North Carolina Militia in 1807. There is also some material documenting Paul Cameron's appointment in 1863 as an agent of Orange County to purchase corn for families of soldiers serving in the Confederate Army. See Subseries 6.1 for volumes relating to military affairs. See Subseries 2.9 for Paul Cameron's presidential pardon for his support of the Confederacy.

Folder 3473-3477

Folder 3473

Folder 3474

Folder 3475

Folder 3476

Folder 3477

1807-1813 #00133, Subseries: "5.3. Military, 1807-1865." Folder 3473-3477

Oversize Paper OP-133/79

Appointment, 13 January 1812 #00133, Subseries: "5.3. Military, 1807-1865." OP-133/79

State of North Carolina appointment of Duncan Cameron to rank of Colonel of the Militia of the State. Encapsulated.

Folder 3478

1814-1865 #00133, Subseries: "5.3. Military, 1807-1865." Folder 3478

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 5.4. Church Material, 1817-1889.

About 50 items.

Circular letters, lists, and other printed material documenting the involvement of the Cameron family in the Episcopal church and in various interdenominational charities and organizations.

This material is divided into three categories, papers relating to Christ Episcopal Church in Raleigh, N.C., papers relating to the Episcopal church in general, and papers relating to interdenominational charities and organizations.

Papers relating to Christ Church include an 1851 diagram advertising pews for sale. The diagram records the location and prices of the pews, with the name of some purchasers written in by hand. Jacob Mordecai's 1861 certificate entitling him to ownership and use of a Christ Church pew is included. There are several documents dealing with the finances of Christ Church. There is an undated list of pledge assessments and church expenses. There also are several circular letters requesting money to help pay church debts and explaining how these debts were incurred.

The bulk of the material relating to the Episcopal Church consists of circular letters from parishes in North Carolina and other southern states requesting funds. Also included is the 1817 Constitution of the Missionary Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church of North Carolina, naming Duncan Cameron president.

Other material in this subseries provides scattered documentation of the Cameron family's participation in interdenominational organizations. Included are the memberships of Mildred Cameron and Pauline Cameron Shephard in the Order of the King's Daughters and Sons, a list of books to be procured at the American Sunday School Union Depository, a statement from the Ladies Relief Society of Raleigh in 1872 referring to the Society's soup kitchen, and a statement from the orphanage in Oxford, N.C. Also included is a pamphlet from the Oakwood Cemetery Association of which George Mordecai was president.

See Series 1 for correspondence about the Episcopal Church and other religious and charitable organizations. See Subseries 2.1 for receipts for contributions and receipts documenting building projects at Saint Mary's.

Folder 3479

Christ Church, Raleigh #00133, Subseries: "5.4. Church Material, 1817-1889." Folder 3479

Folder 3480

Episcopal Church #00133, Subseries: "5.4. Church Material, 1817-1889." Folder 3480

Folder 3481

Interdenominational and Charities and Organizations #00133, Subseries: "5.4. Church Material, 1817-1889." Folder 3481

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 5.5. Stagville Post Office, 1824-1844.

About 175 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Receipts, accounts, and statements documenting the operation of the Stagville Post Office. The bulk of the accounts and statements are manuscript copies of originals sent to the General Post Office in Washington, D.C. Receipts document the transfer of funds from Stagville to Washington. The Stagville Post Office was located at the Stagville Store, and the store manager usually doubled as the postmaster. Although the Stagville Post Office opened in 1807, and continued operation into the 1850s, these papers only document the period from 1824 to 1844.

From 1824 to 1829, John Wilkins was postmaster. Thomas Cameron, Duncan Cameron's oldest son, assumed the duties of postmaster in 1830, and continued to serve until 1838 when he was relieved of his position, apparently because of mismanagement. He was replaced by his brother Paul, who served as postmaster through 1844.

Folder 3482

1824-1829 #00133, Subseries: "5.5. Stagville Post Office, 1824-1844." Folder 3482

Folder 3483

1830 #00133, Subseries: "5.5. Stagville Post Office, 1824-1844." Folder 3483

Folder 3484

1831 #00133, Subseries: "5.5. Stagville Post Office, 1824-1844." Folder 3484

Folder 3485

1832 #00133, Subseries: "5.5. Stagville Post Office, 1824-1844." Folder 3485

Folder 3486

1833 #00133, Subseries: "5.5. Stagville Post Office, 1824-1844." Folder 3486

Folder 3487

1834 #00133, Subseries: "5.5. Stagville Post Office, 1824-1844." Folder 3487

Folder 3488-3489

Folder 3488

Folder 3489

1835 #00133, Subseries: "5.5. Stagville Post Office, 1824-1844." Folder 3488-3489

Folder 3490

1836 #00133, Subseries: "5.5. Stagville Post Office, 1824-1844." Folder 3490

Folder 3491

1837 #00133, Subseries: "5.5. Stagville Post Office, 1824-1844." Folder 3491

Folder 3492

1838-1843 #00133, Subseries: "5.5. Stagville Post Office, 1824-1844." Folder 3492

Folder 3493

1844 #00133, Subseries: "5.5. Stagville Post Office, 1824-1844." Folder 3493

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 5.6. Recipes and Instructions, 1816-1884 and undated.

About 200 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Chiefly recipes for preparing such foods as bread, cake, pudding, wine, preserves, pickles, and dressings. Other sets of instructions, also called "recipes," consist of directions for making whitewash, dye, shoeblack, fertilizer, and liquor. Included are instructions for killing bedbugs, tanning, bleaching, knitting, sewing, and "unpacking the organ." The bulk of the recipes and instructions are undated and unattributed, but most seem to have been generated by Cameron women except for road bills, which are in Richard Bennehan's hand. Road bills give directions and mileages (mostly for North Carolina and Virginia locations) for travelers; most are undated but those by Richard Bennehan must predate 1825. For other recipes and instructions, see Subseries 6.13.

Folder 3494

1816-1884 #00133, Subseries: "5.6. Recipes and Instructions, 1816-1884 and undated." Folder 3494

Folder 3495

Road Bills, undated #00133, Subseries: "5.6. Recipes and Instructions, 1816-1884 and undated." Folder 3495

Folder 3496-3503

Folder 3496

Folder 3497

Folder 3498

Folder 3499

Folder 3500

Folder 3501

Folder 3502

Folder 3503

Other undated #00133, Subseries: "5.6. Recipes and Instructions, 1816-1884 and undated." Folder 3496-3503

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 5.7. Remedies and Prescriptions, 1809-1877 and undated.

About 50 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Home remedies and doctors' prescriptions used by the Cameron household for a variety of ailments of both people and livestock, including sore throat, dropsy, "yellow water," diphtheria, and rheumatism. The bulk of these remedies are undated. See Subseries 2.1 for doctors' bills and Subseries 1.2 and 1.3 for letters from Cameron doctors, especially James Webb.

Folder 3504

1809-1877 #00133, Subseries: "5.7. Remedies and Prescriptions, 1809-1877 and undated." Folder 3504

Folder 3505

Undated #00133, Subseries: "5.7. Remedies and Prescriptions, 1809-1877 and undated." Folder 3505

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 5.8. Politics, 1806-1876 and undated.

About 100 items.

Arrangement: alphabetical by type of material.

Bills, published letters, petitions, memorials, voting tallies, reports, and other miscellaneous printed material primarily documenting Duncan Cameron's involvement in North Carolina state politics, but including Paul Cameron's tickets to the 1876 Democratic Convention in Saint Louis at which he served as chairman of the state delegation. There is some material pertaining to Duncan Cameron's service on the Committee on Internal Improvement in the North Carolina Senate, particularly reports from the Neuse River Navigation Company and the Roanoke Navigation Company. See Subseries 1.2 and 1.3 for letters from Archibald Murphey concerning internal improvements.

Folder 3506

Acts #00133, Subseries: "5.8. Politics, 1806-1876 and undated." Folder 3506

Folder 3507

Bills #00133, Subseries: "5.8. Politics, 1806-1876 and undated." Folder 3507

Folder 3508

Committee on Internal Improvement #00133, Subseries: "5.8. Politics, 1806-1876 and undated." Folder 3508

Folder 3509

Memorials #00133, Subseries: "5.8. Politics, 1806-1876 and undated." Folder 3509

Folder 3510

Miscellaneous #00133, Subseries: "5.8. Politics, 1806-1876 and undated." Folder 3510

Folder 3511

Petitions #00133, Subseries: "5.8. Politics, 1806-1876 and undated." Folder 3511

Folder 3512

Published Letters of Duncan Cameron to his Constituents #00133, Subseries: "5.8. Politics, 1806-1876 and undated." Folder 3512

Folder 3513

Voting Tallies #00133, Subseries: "5.8. Politics, 1806-1876 and undated." Folder 3513

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 5.9. Railroads, 1841-1878.

About 60 items.

Arrangement: by type of material.

Chiefly railroad passes issued to Paul Cameron. Because of his service as director of both the North Carolina Railroad Company and the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad Company, Cameron was entitled to free passes to travel on the trains. See Subseries 2.1.1 for documentation of Paul Cameron's involvement in building a section of the North Carolina Railroad. See Series 1 for correspondence about railroads in North Carolina.

Also included are several miscellaneous items, including reports, an invitation to a railroad gala, various legal documents, Paul Cameron's commission from the governor to serve as director of the North Carolina Railroad Company, and other printed items which illustrate Paul Cameron's commitment to the development of railroads in North Carolina.

Folder 3514-3519

Folder 3514

Folder 3515

Folder 3516

Folder 3517

Folder 3518

Folder 3519

Railroad Passes #00133, Subseries: "5.9. Railroads, 1841-1878." Folder 3514-3519

Folder 3520

Other Railroad Papers #00133, Subseries: "5.9. Railroads, 1841-1878." Folder 3520

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated.

About 150 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Price lists, advertisements, newspaper clippings, circular letters, and other printed material accumulated by the Cameron family. The bulk of this material consists of price lists from Duncan and Paul Cameron's factors in Mobile, Ala., Norfolk, Va., Baltimore, Md., and Richmond, Va., communicating the current prices for tobacco, cotton, wheat, and other agricultural products. These lists are particularly numerous from the 1840s through the 1870s. Much of the remaining material consists of advertisements and circular letters offering a variety of products from local and out of state merchants. Also included are newspaper clippings, chiefly of poetry, and religious tracts. There is a flyer dated 1824 that lists thirteen toasts for the 4th of July.

Also included are programs from the Centennial celebration in Philadelphia in 1876, and an 1876 Christmas poem from the carrier of the Raleigh Daily News to his patrons.

Folder 3521

1800-1829 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3521

Folder 3522

1830-1839 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3522

Oversize Paper OP-133/80

Advertisement for Contract, a stud horse, 1 May 1832 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." OP-133/80

Large pamphlet.

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-133/81

Advertisement for Contract, a stud horse, 26 January 1835 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." XOP-133/81

Broadside.

Folder 3523

1840-1845 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3523

Folder 3524

1846-1849 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3524

Oversize Paper OP-133/82

Advertisement for Toby, a stud horse, March 1849 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." OP-133/82

Broadside.

Folder 3525

1850-1855 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3525

Folder 3526

1856-1859 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3526

Folder 3527

1860-1869 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3527

Folder 3528

1870-1872 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3528

Oversize Paper OP-133/83

Advertisement for New Garden Agricultural Club Fair, 5 October 1872 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." OP-133/83

Broadside.

Folder 3529

1873 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3529

Folder 3530

1874-1875 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3530

Folder 3531

1876 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3531

Folder 3532

1877 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3532

Folder 3533

1878 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3533

Folder 3534

1879 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3534

Folder 3535

1880 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3535

Folder 3536

1881 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3536

Folder 3537

1882 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3537

Folder 3538

1883 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3538

Folder 3539

1884 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3539

Folder 3540

1885 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3540

Folder 3541

1886-1890 #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3541

Folder 3542-3543

Folder 3542

Folder 3543

Undated #00133, Subseries: "5.10. Printed Material, 1800-1890 and undated." Folder 3542-3543

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 5.11. Invitations and Calling Cards, 1866-1896 and undated.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 5.12. Buildings and Grounds, 1792-1853 and undated.

About 25 items.

Arrangement: alphabetical by type of material.

Architectural drawings, a blueprint, building specifications, plant lists, gardening instructions, and drawings documenting the design, construction, and maintenance of Cameron buildings and grounds, Saint Mary's School in Raleigh, N.C., Saint Matthew's Church in Hillsborough, N.C., and the State House in Raleigh.

Drawings are chiefly of details such as columns and capitals. There is a blueprint for a structure labelled "flower pit" at Hillsborough.

Building specifications describe the workmanship and materials to be used in the construction of three Cameron and/or Bennehan supported building projects the State House in Raleigh, circa 1792, a brick building at Saint Mary's School in Raleigh, and materials and labor for repairing Saint Matthews Church in Hillsborough. Also included is a "memorandum of Mr. Bennehan's houses," listing buildings with their measurements and brief descriptions.

There are three types of documents that provide information about Cameron grounds and gardens plant lists, gardening instructions, and drawings. The plant lists are undated and list the types of plants used in the Camerons' flower and kitchen gardens. The instructions include information about how "to cultivate celery;" "directions for making up hotbed;" how to make fertilizer for grass, Indian corn, Irish potatoes, beets, cabbage, and strawberries; and directions "for curing diseases... of all kind of fruit and forrest trees." The drawings document garden design and placement of plants, as well as overall ground plans which show the locations of gardens and buildings.

Folder 3552

Architectural Drawings and Blueprints #00133, Subseries: "5.12. Buildings and Grounds, 1792-1853 and undated." Folder 3552

Oversize Paper OP-133/97

Architechtural drawing, undated #00133, Subseries: "5.12. Buildings and Grounds, 1792-1853 and undated." OP-133/97

Oversize Paper OP-133/98

Architechtural drawing, undated #00133, Subseries: "5.12. Buildings and Grounds, 1792-1853 and undated." OP-133/98

Oversize Paper OP-133/99

Architechtural drawing, undated #00133, Subseries: "5.12. Buildings and Grounds, 1792-1853 and undated." OP-133/99

Folder 3552

Building Specifications #00133, Subseries: "5.12. Buildings and Grounds, 1792-1853 and undated." Folder 3552

Folder 3554

Gardens and Grounds #00133, Subseries: "5.12. Buildings and Grounds, 1792-1853 and undated." Folder 3554

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 5.13. Family History, 1812-1961.

About 50 items.

Arrangement: alphabetical by type of material.

Obituaries, memorials, epitaphs, newspaper clippings, certificates of membership, and notes on genealogy.

Obituaries consist of newspaper clippings of death notices of some members of the Cameron family. There are handwritten memorials honoring John Cameron, Paul Cameron, Pauline Cameron Shephard, and George Mordecai. These memorials were drafted by the organizations and churches to which the deceased belonged. There are also handwritten drafts and copies of the epitaphs to be put on Cameron tombstones, with some drawings of tombstone designs included.

There are two undated newspaper clippings mentioning Bennehan Cameron, and a 1961 article about Fairntosh. Also included are lists of births, deaths, and marriages.

Certificates document the involvement of members of the Cameron family in various organizations and on commissions. There is a certificate naming Duncan Cameron to serve on the commission which settled the border dispute between North Carolina and South Carolina in 1812. There is a certificate appointing Paul Cameron to serve as a representative of North Carolina at the Yorktown Celebration in 1879. There are several certificates documenting the membership of Paul Cameron, George Mordecai, and several members of the Ruffin family in the North Carolina Agricultural Society.

Folder 3555

Certificates #00133, Subseries: "5.13. Family History, 1812-1961." Folder 3555

Folder 3556

Epitaphs #00133, Subseries: "5.13. Family History, 1812-1961." Folder 3556

Folder 3557

Lists of Births, Deaths, and Marriages #00133, Subseries: "5.13. Family History, 1812-1961." Folder 3557

Folder 3558

Newspaper Clippings #00133, Subseries: "5.13. Family History, 1812-1961." Folder 3558

Folder 3559

Obituaries #00133, Subseries: "5.13. Family History, 1812-1961." Folder 3559

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 5.14. Notes and Fragments, undated.

About 25 items.

Scattered notes and fragments of writings.

Folder 3560

Notes and fragments #00133, Subseries: "5.14. Notes and Fragments, undated." Folder 3560

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 6. Volumes, 1767-1978 and undated.

205 items.

Arrangement: by type, then chronological.

Handwritten copies of outgoing letters (Subseries 6.1: 3 volumes), financial data (6.2 6.7: 142 total volumes), land surveys (6.8: 3 volumes), estate papers (6.9: 6 volumes), volumes documenting Duncan Cameron's law practice (6.10: 19 volumes), farm and travel diaries (6.11: 7 volumes), school notebooks (6.12: 10 volumes), and miscellaneous other bound manuscript volumes (6.13: 1