unc logo

Collection Number: 05014

Collection Title: Carmichael and Jenkins Family Papers, 1779-1896 and undated

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


expand/collapse Expand/collapse Collection Overview

Size 0.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 90 items)
Abstract John F. Carmichael (1761-1837) of Fort Adams, Miss., and Pinckneyville, Miss., U.S. Army surgeon, cotton planter, postmaster, and collector for the Mississippi District for the United States Treasury; John Carmichael Jenkins (d. 1855), doctor, horticulturist, and cotton planter of Natchez, Miss.; and an unidentified individual, surname Winchester (possibly Josiah Winchester, who served as guardian to Jenkins's children after Jenkins's death). Both Carmichael and Jenkins were natives of Pennsylvania. Papers include correspondence with cotton factors, business agents, and overseers; business and personal accounts and receipts; legal papers; medical notes; lists of supplies; and other items. Items, 1779-1834, belong, with one exception, to John F. Carmichael. Items dated 1833, 1838-1855, belong to John Carmichael Jenkins, and four items, 1871-1872, 1882, and 1896, are possibly those of Josiah Winchester. Undated papers belong mostly to Jenkins, with a few for Carmichael. Carmichael's papers document medical supplies and postal accounts at Fort Adams, Miss.; shipping along the Mississippi River between Natchez, Miss., and New Orleans, La.; and the sale of cotton grown at his Cold Spring Plantation in Wilkinson County, Miss. Jenkins's papers document crops and the work of slaves on River Place Plantation in Adams County, Miss.; the cotton market; experimentation with fruit growing; outbreaks of disease in and around Natchez; and, to a small extent, Jenkins family life and activities at Elgin Plantation outside Natchez, where Jenkins seems to have operated an apothecary.
Creator Carmichael family.



Jenkins family.
Language English.
Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Information For Users

Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Provenance
Received from William and Ruth Calhoun of Natchez, Miss., in March 1996 (Acc. 98569) and and from Ruth Ellen Calhoun of Natchez, Miss., in May 2000 (Acc. 98622).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Included in the collection are materials relating to John F. Carmichael (1761-1837), of Fort Adams, Miss., and Pinckneyville, Miss., U.S. Army surgeon, cotton planter, postmaster, and collector for the Mississippi District for the United States Treasury; his nephew John Carmichael Jenkins (d. 1855), medical doctor, horticulturist, and cotton planter, of Natchez, Miss.; and an unidentified individual with the surname Winchester, possibly Josiah Winchester, of Natchez, Miss., who served as guardian for Jenkins's children after Jenkins's death. John F. Carmichael and John Carmichael Jenkins were both originally from Pennsylvania. Jenkins acted as executor of his uncle's estate after Carmichael died in 1837, and he inherited River Place Plantation in Adams County, Miss., from him. He had at least one brother, David Jenkins, of Windsor Forge, Pa., and at least one daughter, Alice Jenkins (Allie) of Natchez, Miss. Other individuals of note in the collection are business agent James Armor of New Orleans, La.; planter Nathanial Webb of Natchez, Miss., and overseers S. L. Grier and E. T. Powell of River Place Plantation.

Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

Materials, 1801-1896 and undated, are arranged chronologically. All papers prior to 1834, with the exception of one item, belong to John F. Carmichael. A receipt, 1833, and papers, 1838-1855, are those of John Carmichael Jenkins, and include scattered estate papers for Carmichael. Items, 1871-1896, may belong to Josiah Winchester. The collection comprises chiefly correspondence (mostly business), accounts and receipts (business and household), and a few legal papers, inventory lists, medical notes, and miscellaneous items. Carmichael's papers document medical supplies, undated, and postal accounts, 1803, at Fort Adams, Miss.; shipping, 1801-1829, along the Mississippi River between Natchez, Miss., and New Orleans, La.; and the sale of cotton grown on Carmichael's Cold Spring Plantation in Wilkinson County, Miss. Jenkins's papers document crops and the work of slaves on River Place Plantation, Adams County, Miss.; the cotton market; outbreaks of disease in and around Natchez; experimentation with fruit growing; and, to a limited degree, Jenkins family life and activities at Elgin Plantation outside Natchez, Miss. Jenkins's correspondence is mostly with business agents, cotton factors, and overseers.

Back to Top

Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Carmichael and Jenkins Family Papers, 1801-1896 and undated.

About 90 items (0.5 linear feet).

Arrangement: chronological.

Papers, 1801-1834 and undated, of John F. Carmichael of Fort Adams, Miss., and Pinckneyville, Miss., U.S. Army surgeon, cotton planter, postmaster, and collector for the Mississippi District for the United States Treasury; papers, 1833, 1838-1855 and undated, of John Carmichael Jenkins, doctor, horticulturist, and cotton planter of Natchez, Miss.; and papers, 1871-1872, 1882, and 1896, of an unidentified individual, surname Winchester (possibly Josiah Winchester) living in Natchez, Miss.

John F. Carmichael's papers, 1801-1834 and undated, chiefly comprise letters and other records pertaining to United States postal accounts and medical supplies on hand at Fort Adams, Miss.; the shipping of medicines, cotton, and other cargo along the Mississippi River between Natchez, Miss., and New Orleans, La.; and the sale of cotton grown at Carmichael's Cold Spring Plantation near Pinckneyville, Miss. One account, 1816, mentions payment by Kenny Laverty for a bill of lading for a mulatto slave girl named Rachael. A few items, 1829, 1832, discuss the sale in New Orleans of cotton grown at Cold Spring Plantation. Of interest is a letter, 26 October 1832, to Carmichael from S. R. Marshall of Woodville, Miss., discussing reactions to the outbreak of disease in Natchez.

John Carmichael Jenkins's papers, 1833, 1838-1855 and undated (bulk 1840s), include mostly letters and personal accounts and receipts, with additional items relating to the estate of John F. Carmichael. Most of the letters (some only fragments) are from cotton factors and business agents in New Orleans and from overseers at River Place Plantation outside Natchez, Miss. They document the sale of Jenkins's cotton, the fate of his crops, and work on the plantation. Other letters, mostly from friends and family members, discuss experimentation with fruit growing; travel to the North; and family life in Windsor Forge, Pa., and Natchez, Miss. Correspondents include Jenkins's brother, David Jenkins, who wrote from Windsor Forge, Pa., and Philadelphia, Pa.; his daughter, Alice Jenkins (Allie), of Natchez, Miss.; S. R. Marshall of Woodville, Miss.; business agent James Armor of New Orleans, La.; cotton planter Nathanial Webb of Natchez, Miss.; and overseers S. L. Grier and E. J. Powell at River Place Plantation. Jenkins's household accounts and receipts from Natchez merchants are for groceries, hardware items, and dry goods. A few accounts pertain to Elgin Plantation outside Natchez. Jenkins seems to have run an apothecary at the plantation. Papers relating to the estate of John F. Carmichael comprise mostly receipts and a few legal papers. Other items consist of medical notes Jenkins made on diseases among the general and slave populations in Natchez, instructions (undated fragment) for mounting lightning rods, and a legal brief (undated fragment) concerning an unidentified case (after 1823).

Four items, 1871-1872, 1882, 1896, are those of a Natchez resident with the surname Winchester (possibly Josiah Winchester). Three of the items are receipts for utilities and groceries; the fourth is a printed account of beer production in the country.

Folder 1

1801-1804, 1808, 1814, 1818 #05014, Series: "Carmichael and Jenkins Family Papers, 1801-1896 and undated. " Folder 1

Folder 2

1820, 1827-1829 #05014, Series: "Carmichael and Jenkins Family Papers, 1801-1896 and undated. " Folder 2

Folder 3

1832-1834, 1838-1839 #05014, Series: "Carmichael and Jenkins Family Papers, 1801-1896 and undated. " Folder 3

Folder 4

1840-1841 #05014, Series: "Carmichael and Jenkins Family Papers, 1801-1896 and undated. " Folder 4

Folder 5

1842, 1844-1849 #05014, Series: "Carmichael and Jenkins Family Papers, 1801-1896 and undated. " Folder 5

Folder 6

1850-1852 #05014, Series: "Carmichael and Jenkins Family Papers, 1801-1896 and undated. " Folder 6

Folder 7

1853-1855 #05014, Series: "Carmichael and Jenkins Family Papers, 1801-1896 and undated. " Folder 7

Folder 8

1871-1872, 1882, 1896 #05014, Series: "Carmichael and Jenkins Family Papers, 1801-1896 and undated. " Folder 8

Folder 9

Undated: Accounts and Receipts #05014, Series: "Carmichael and Jenkins Family Papers, 1801-1896 and undated. " Folder 9

Folder 10

Undated: Letters #05014, Series: "Carmichael and Jenkins Family Papers, 1801-1896 and undated. " Folder 10

Folder 11

Undated: Letter fragments #05014, Series: "Carmichael and Jenkins Family Papers, 1801-1896 and undated. " Folder 11

Folder 12

Undated: Miscellaneous #05014, Series: "Carmichael and Jenkins Family Papers, 1801-1896 and undated. " Folder 12

Back to Top