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Collection Number: 00141

Collection Title: Julian Shakespeare Carr Papers, 1892-1923

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


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Size 6.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 500 items)
Abstract Julian Shakespeare Carr (1845-1924) of Chapel Hill and Durham, N.C., was a manufacturer of tobacco products with interests in a wide range of other businesses, including banking and textiles. Carr was also active in the Methodist Church, the Democratic Party, and several Confederate veterans' organizations, including the North Carolina branch of the United Confederate Veterans, which he served as commander. He was also a strong supporter of various institutions of higher education in the state. The collection includes letters, telegrams, printed announcements, programs, and pamphlets, business and legal documents, maps, and newspaper clippings pertaining to Carr's business and personal affairs. The letters chiefly concern banking, farming, and family matters, but also reflect Carr's interests in the Civil War and the United Confederate Veterans and in the Methodist Church. Also included are printed and manuscript addresses and Sunday School lessons given by Carr. Of special note is a series of speeches discussing the race problem in North Carolina and throughout the South. One address, 2 June 1913, given at the dedication of the monument later known as "Silent Sam" on the University of North Carolina campus. Business topics are also represented. Included are seven volumes of Carr's diary containing brief entries, 1907-1917, and letter books, 1919-1922. These volumes chiefly document Carr's personal life, particularly his travels and family associations. Also included are a wedding album, 1895, of Carr's daughter Eliza, and a family history, 1991, by Joseph Julian Carr. Photographs are chiefly of Julian S. Carr.
Creator Carr, Julian Shakespeare.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Julian Shakespeare Carr Papers #141, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Gift of Claiborn and Will Carr before 1940 and Joseph Julian Carr in 1992.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

The third son of John Wesley and Eliza Bullock Carr, Julian Shakespeare Carr was born in Chapel Hill, N.C., on 12 October 1845. John Carr was a prosperous shopkeeper on Franklin Street, the main artery adjacent to the University of North Carolina. With a childhood spent near the University, among whose faculty his father was well-respected, it seemed natural that "Jule," as his father referred to him, should matriculate there in 1862.

In 1864, Julian Shakespeare Carr enlisted in the Confederate army, where he served with the Third North Carolina Cavalry. After witnessing the surrender at Appomattox, he returned to Chapel Hill, where he enrolled for the 1865-1866 term at UNC.

Carr spent 1868 to 1870 in Little Rock, Ark., where he had entered into business with an uncle. Returning to North Carolina, he received four thousand dollars from his father to purchase a one-third interest in the tobacco manufacturing firm of W. T. Blackwell and Company in Durham, N.C. Business boomed, primarily as a result of the pioneering advertising campaign that promoted the company's product under its trademark, Bull Durham, which soon became a household word. Carr bought out his partners, only to sell the business in 1898 to the American Tobacco Company. With this capital, Carr engaged in a wide range of business interests: banking, hosiery mills, the Durham-Roxboro Railroad, electric and telephone companies, and a Durham newspaper.

Successful in most of his endeavors, Carr was also said to have given away a fortune during his lifetime. To the Methodist church, the Confederate veterans, and the University of North Carolina, he was quite generous. A trustee of the University and of Greensboro College, he was also a benefactor of Davidson, Wake Forest, St. Mary's, Elon and Trinity colleges. As Commander of the United Confederate Veterans in North Carolina, Carr had the honorary rank of major general, and was often referred to as "General." An active Democrat, he supported the party financially and served as a delegate to its conventions, though he was never elected to office.

Carr married Nannie Graham Parrish in 1873. He died on 29 April 1924.

CHART I

CHART II

CHART III

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

Letters and letterbooks, telegrams, diaries, printed and manuscript addresses, Sunday School lessons, notes, newspaper clippings and other printed material relating to the business and private affairs and interests of Julian S. Carr.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. General Papers, 1890-1923 and undated.

About 220 items.

Arrangement: chronological and by type.

Letters, telegrams, printed announcements, programs, and pamphlets, business and legal documents, maps, and newspaper clippings pertaining to Carr's business and personal affairs. The letters chiefly concern banking, farming, and family matters, but Carr's interests in the in the Civil War and the United Confederate Veterans and in the Methodist Church are also reflected.

Folder 1

1892-1898 #00141, Series: "1. General Papers, 1890-1923 and undated." Folder 1

Extra Oversize Paper Folder XOPF-141/1

Extra-oversize papers, 1900-1907 and undated #00141, Series: "1. General Papers, 1890-1923 and undated." XOPF-141/1

Two oversize maps and a poster for a Confederate Veterans' Fourth of July celebration at which Julian S. Carr is listed as a speaker.

Folder 2

1901-1907 #00141, Series: "1. General Papers, 1890-1923 and undated." Folder 2

Folder 3

1908-1911 #00141, Series: "1. General Papers, 1890-1923 and undated." Folder 3

Folder 4

1912-1923 #00141, Series: "1. General Papers, 1890-1923 and undated." Folder 4

Folder 5

Undated #00141, Series: "1. General Papers, 1890-1923 and undated." Folder 5

Folder 6

Printed Maps #00141, Series: "1. General Papers, 1890-1923 and undated." Folder 6

Folder 7

Printed Advertisements #00141, Series: "1. General Papers, 1890-1923 and undated." Folder 7

Folder 8

Programs and Meeting Announcements #00141, Series: "1. General Papers, 1890-1923 and undated." Folder 8

Folder 9

Lists #00141, Series: "1. General Papers, 1890-1923 and undated." Folder 9

Folder 10-11

Folder 10

Folder 11

Clippings #00141, Series: "1. General Papers, 1890-1923 and undated." Folder 10-11

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Sunday School Lessons and Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated.

Printed and manuscript addresses and Sunday School lessons given by Carr. The addresses primarily derive from his interest in the Civil War and in Confederate Veterans, and from his prominence in the Methodist Church. Of special note is a series of speeches discussing the race problem in North Carolina and throughout the South. Business topics are also represented.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated.

About 125 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Folder 12a

Sunday school lessons, 1896-1897 #00141, Subseries: "2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated." Folder 12a

Folder 12b

Sunday school lessons, 1898 #00141, Subseries: "2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated." Folder 12b

Folder 13a

Sunday school lessons, 1904-1905 #00141, Subseries: "2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated." Folder 13a

Folder 13b

Sunday school lessons, 1906 #00141, Subseries: "2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated." Folder 13b

Folder 13c

Sunday school lessons, 1907 #00141, Subseries: "2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated." Folder 13c

Folder 14a

Sunday school lessons, 1908 #00141, Subseries: "2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated." Folder 14a

Folder 14b

Sunday school lessons, 1909 #00141, Subseries: "2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated." Folder 14b

Folder 15a

Sunday school lessons, 1911 #00141, Subseries: "2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated." Folder 15a

Folder 15b

Sunday school lessons, 1912 #00141, Subseries: "2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated." Folder 15b

Folder 16a

Sunday school lessons, January-March 1914 #00141, Subseries: "2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated." Folder 16a

Folder 16b

Sunday school lessons, April-December 1914 #00141, Subseries: "2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated." Folder 16b

Folder 17

Sunday school lessons, 1915-1921 #00141, Subseries: "2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated." Folder 17

Folder 18a

Sunday school lessons, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated." Folder 18a

Folder 18b

Sunday school lessons, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated." Folder 18b

Folder 19a

Sunday school lessons, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated." Folder 19a

Folder 19b

Sunday school lessons, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated." Folder 19b

Folder 20a

Sunday school lessons, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated." Folder 20a

Folder 20b

Sunday school lessons, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.1. Sunday School Lessons, 1896-1921 and undated." Folder 20b

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated.

About 125 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Folder 21

Addresses, 1896-1899 #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 21

Folder 22

Addresses, 1900-1902 #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 22

Folder 23

Addresses, 1903-1905 #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 23

Folder 24

Addresses, 1906-1908 #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 24

Folder 25

Addresses, 1909-1911 #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 25

Folder 26

Addresses, 1912-1914 #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 26

One address, dated 2 June 1913 and titled "Unveiling of Confederate Monument at University," was given at the dedication of the monument later known as "Silent Sam" on the University of North Carolina campus. The address includes discussion of the motives and morale of Confederate soldiers; the devotion and sacrifices of women on the Confederate homefront; military service by students and North Carolinians; and the protection of the "Anglo Saxon race" during Reconstruction. Carr also describes whipping a "negro wench" in front of federal soldiers in Chapel Hill shortly after he returned from Appomattox because the woman had publicly insulted a "Southern lady."

Folder 27

Addresses, 1915-1918 #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 27

Folder 28

Addresses, 1919-1922 #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 28

Folder 29

Addresses, 1923 #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 29

Folder 30a

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 30a

Folder 30b

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 30b

Folder 31a

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 31a

Folder 31b

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 31b

Folder 32a

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 32a

Folder 32b

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 32b

Folder 33a

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 33a

Folder 33b

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 33b

Folder 34a

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 34a

Folder 34b

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 34b

Folder 35a

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 35a

Folder 35b

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 35b

Folder 36a

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 36a

Folder 36b

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 36b

Folder 37a

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 37a

Folder 37b

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 37b

Folder 38a

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 38a

Folder 38b

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 38b

Folder 39a

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 39a

Folder 39b

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 39b

Folder 40a

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 40a

Folder 40b

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 40b

Folder 41a

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 41a

Folder 41b

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 41b

Folder 41c

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 41c

Folder 41d

Addresses, undated #00141, Subseries: "2.2. Addresses, 1896-1923 and undated." Folder 41d

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Volumes, 1907-1921.

Seven personal diaries and five letterbooks briefly documenting Carr's personal life, chiefly his travels and personal associations; Carr's daughter Eliza's wedding album, 1895; and a Carr family history by Joseph Julian Carr, 1991.

Folder 42

Volume 1a. Diary, 1907 #00141, Series: "3. Volumes, 1907-1921." Folder 42

Folder 43

Volume 1b. Diary, 1911 #00141, Series: "3. Volumes, 1907-1921." Folder 43

Folder 44

Volume 1c. Diary, 1912 #00141, Series: "3. Volumes, 1907-1921." Folder 44

Folder 45

Volume 1d. Diary, 1913 #00141, Series: "3. Volumes, 1907-1921." Folder 45

Folder 46

Volume 2. Diary, 1914 #00141, Series: "3. Volumes, 1907-1921." Folder 46

Folder 47

Volume 3a. Diary, 1916 #00141, Series: "3. Volumes, 1907-1921." Folder 47

Folder 48

Volume 3b. Diary, 1917 #00141, Series: "3. Volumes, 1907-1921." Folder 48

Folder 49

Volume 4. Letterbook, January-May 1919 #00141, Series: "3. Volumes, 1907-1921." Folder 49

Folder 50

Volume 5. Letterbook, May-October 1919 #00141, Series: "3. Volumes, 1907-1921." Folder 50

Folder 51

Volume 6. Letterbook, October 1919-May 1920 #00141, Series: "3. Volumes, 1907-1921." Folder 51

Folder 52

Volume 7. Letterbook, May 1920-June 1921 #00141, Series: "3. Volumes, 1907-1921." Folder 52

Folder 53

Volume 8. Letterbook, June 1921-October 1922 #00141, Series: "3. Volumes, 1907-1921." Folder 53

Folder 54

Volume 9. Wedding Album, 18 December 1895 #00141, Series: "3. Volumes, 1907-1921." Folder 54

Folder 55

Volume 10. "The Carr Family of Loudoun County, Virginia" by Joseph Julian Carr, 1991. #00141, Series: "3. Volumes, 1907-1921." Folder 55

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917.

Image Folder PF-141/1

Nine photographs: #00141, Series: "4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917." PF-141/1

P-141/1: Julian Shakespeare Carr, circa 1875. Carte-de-visite. Photographer: W. Shelburn, Durham, N.C. Subject's cheeks have been hand-tinted. #00141, Series 4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917., Imagefolder PF-141/1
P-141/2: Julian Shakespeare Carr, circa 1890. Cabinet card. Photographer: Fredericks, New York, N.Y. #00141, Series 4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917., Imagefolder PF-141/1
P-141/3a-b: Julian Shakespeare Carr, circa 1910. #00141, Series 4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917., Imagefolder PF-141/1
P-141/4: F. R. Mitchell, December 1897. Cabinet card. Photographer: Jordan, New Bedford, Mass. #00141, Series 4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917., Imagefolder PF-141/1
P-141/5: Lois Kimsey Marshall and Ellen Axson Wilson, wives of vice-president Thomas Marshall and president Woodrow Wilson, circa 1912. #00141, Series 4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917., Imagefolder PF-141/1
P-141/6: Woman identified only as "Walton," 1917. #00141, Series 4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917., Imagefolder PF-141/1
P-141/7: Three unidentified little girls, circa 1912. #00141, Series 4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917., Imagefolder PF-141/1
P-141/8: Unidentified girl and baby, 1909. Photographer: Miss Reineke, Kansas City. #00141, Series 4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917., Imagefolder PF-141/1
P-141/9: Unidentified domestic bird coop, circa 1900. Inscription: "This is the bird I am keeping for you--General." #00141, Series 4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917., Imagefolder PF-141/1
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Processing Information

Processed by: David Weber, January 1988

Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008

Updated by: Kathryn Michaelis, June 2010

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