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Collection Number: 03808

Collection Title: Calvin J. Cowles Papers, 1773-1941 (bulk 1875-1907)

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities; this finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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Size 40.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 72,000 items)
Abstract Calvin Josiah Cowles (1821-1907) of Wilkes County, N.C., was a merchant specializing in roots and herbs who traded with the North and England. Cowles was a Whig and post-war Republican, superintendent of the United States Mint at Charlotte, N.C., 1869-1884, and consistent promoter of land, mining, and railroad development in northwestern North Carolina. The papers consist of letterpress copy books, 1877-1907; mercantile account books; land surveys and papers relating to Cowles's land holdings in North Carolina, Kansas, and South Dakota; papers relating to his copper and mica mines in northwestern North Carolina; business correspondence; and numerous letters exchanged between Cowles and his ten children giving a detailed picture of their education and careers. Correspondents included: Frank Armin, William Brandreth, A. W. Finley, Colonel Julius Gray, George B. Hanna, John Hinsdale, William W. Holden, Phineas Horton, Davenport Jackson, Max Long, Colonel George Polk, Henry Reynolds, Charles Strauss, William T. Sutherlin, William H. Taft, Harvey Terry, Robert Vance, and John A. Young. Also included are letters to and from son Arthur Duval Cowles, who bought his father's business in 1869 and moved it to Ashe County, N.C., and campaign papers of another son, Charles Holden Cowles, Republican United States representative, 1908-1910. The bulk of the material is dated after 1875; there is little pertaining to C. J. Cowles's political activities during Reconstruction.
Creator Cowles, Calvin J. (Calvin Josiah), 1821-1907.
Language English
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Information For Users

Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Calvin J. Cowles Papers, #3808, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received, 1968. Additional materials received from Hamilton C. Horton Junior, May 1972, and Elizabeth Cowles Finley of North Wilkesboro, N.C., November 1974.
Additional Descriptive Resources
A copy of the original finding aid for this collection is filed in folder 1a.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Calvin Josiah Cowles (1821-1907) of Wilkes County, N.C., was a merchant specializing in roots and herbs who traded with the North and England. Cowles was a Whig and post-war Republican and superintendent of the United States Mint at Charlotte, N.C., 1869-1884. Cowles was born in Yadkin County, N.C., to Josiah Cowles and Deborah Sanford Cowles. As a teenager and young adult, Cowles clerked at his father's store and in 1846 moved to Wilkes County, N.C., where he opened his own general merchandise store, specializing in roots and herbs, called J. & C. J. Cowles. Cowles was also deeply involved in the acquisition of land for purposes of mining, timber, railroad building, and speculation. He also owned land which he rented for agricultural production. A large portion of Cowles land interests were in North Carolina, however, he also speculated in lands further west, chiefly in Kansas and South Dakota, but also in Colorado and Wyoming. Cowles was also a voluntary county statistician and weather observer for the state and federal agricultural departments.

Cowles was married in 1844 to Martha T. Duvall, with whom he had five sons, including Arthur Duval Cowles. After Martha's death, Cowles married Ida Augusta Holden, daughter of North Carolina governor W. W. Holden. The second marriage produced five children, including Calvin Duval Cowles (1849-1937), who served with the United States Army in conflicts against Native Americans and the Spanish in Cuba, and Charles Holden Cowles (1857-1957), a North Carolina legislator and editor-publisher of The Wilkes Patriot.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The papers consist of letterpress copy books, 1877-1907; mercantile account books; land surveys and papers relating to Cowles's land holdings in North Carolina, Kansas, and South Dakota; papers relating to his copper and mica mines in northwestern North Carolina; business correspondence; and numerous letters exchanged between Cowles and his ten children giving a detailed picture of their education and careers. Correspondents included: Frank Armin, William Brandreth, A. W. Finley, Colonel Julius Gray, George B. Hanna, John Hinsdale, William W. Holden, Phineas Horton, Davenport Jackson, Max Long, Colonel George Polk, Henry Reynolds, Charles Strauss, William T. Sutherlin, William H. Taft, Harvey Terry, Robert Vance, and John A. Young. Also included are letters to and from son Arthur Duval Cowles, who bought his father's business in 1869 and moved it to Ashe County, N.C., and campaign papers of another son, Charles Holden Cowles, Republican United States representative, 1908-1910. The bulk of the material is dated after 1875; there is little pertaining to C. J. Cowles's political activities during Reconstruction.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated.

Arrangement: chronological.

The earliest items, 1773-1839, include bills of sale for land, horses, slaves, furniture, all in Mecklenburg County, N.C. There are also way-bills and memoranda of expenses; family correspondence of the Duvall family; bills from Baltimore, Md., wholesalers to William Pitt Waugh, a Wilkesboro, N.C., merchant.

Papers, 1840-1848, are chiefly personal correspondence of Calvin Josiah Cowles.

Items, 1850-1859, include family correspondence between Cowles, his brothers, Martha Duvall Cowles, Robert Duvall, and Josiah Cowles. There are also business papers from this period of J. & C. J. Cowles, including bills of lading and root and herb accounts with Northern dealers.

Papers, 1860-1869, contain some Civil War items, including muster rolls for Georgia and South Carolina Infantry regiments; business accounts; tax collection records. There are also numerous items related to the United States Department of Agriculture.

The bulk of the papers, 1870-1879, were created in 1875 and 1877 and are primarily concerned with efforts to redeem state bank notes of Southern banks and efforts to develop the Gap Creek (Copper Knob) Mine. Other topics addressed in this period are land, lawsuits, taxes, loans, and bonds. Family correspondence is primarily between Cowles, his sons, and his brothers, and concern business and family matters.

Papers, 1880-1889, are chiefly concerned with mining, Cowles' lawsuits (mostly over land titles), efforts to redeem North Carolina state bonds and old state bank notes; affairs of the United States Mint at Charlotte, N.C.; financial troubles; and family correspondence between Cowles, his sons, and his brothers. There is also correspondence about bills in Congress between Cowles and his half-brother, William H. H. Cowles, a Representative to Congress. There is also correspondence with agents and tenants of Cowles' Kansas land holdings, and other items.

Business papers, 1890-1899, include correspondence with tenants in Kansas and western North Carolina; pensions claimants; lawyers regarding lawsuits; real estate men; loan and insurance companies; banks; and mining and railroad contacts. Family correspondence is with Cowles' sons, Arthur, Calvin D., and William, concerning business, particularly money, loans, and land speculation; with Cowles' sister, Eliza Benham; with his brothers; with his wife and children at home while Cowles took a four month trip to New York and Kansas; with brother-in-law, M. M. Teague, on business matters. There are also miscellaneous letters from cousins and other relatives. Besides substantial correspondence with federal and state agriculture departments, there is correspondence with patent drug companies; with coin and stamp collectors; organizational letters for the American Silver Organization; and correspondence regarding claims for payment of railroad bonds issued during the Civil War and later repudiated by the state.

Business papers, 1900-1907, include correspondence with tenants concerning renting, payment, crops, timber thieves, and cutting timber; regarding land interests in Kansas, South Dakota, and western North Carolina; negotiations to sell much of the land; extensive correspondence with agents, lawyers, and creditors. Family correspondence is chiefly between Cowles and his children. Also included are notes of land surveys, correspondence with state and federal agriculture departments; correspondence with patent drug companies regarding the latest cures; correspondence concerning Charles H. Cowles local and state Republican Party political activities; letters from J.E. Rebstock concerning starting a farming and lumbering company somewhere in North Carolina; and other items.

There are relatively few papers, 1908-1941, and most of them are from Charles H. Cowles. Family correspondence is fuller for the years right after Cowles' death and concerns land sales and legal affairs of his estate.

Notable correspondents represented in the Chronological Series include Frank Armin, William Brandreth, A. W. Finley, Colonel Julius Gray, George B. Hanna, John Hinsdale, William W. Holden, Phineas Horton, Davenport Jackson, Max Long, Colonel George Polk, Henry Reynolds, Charles Strauss, William T. Sutherlin, William H. Taft, Harvey Terry, Robert Vance, and John A. Young.

Folder 1a

Original finding aid #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 1a

Folder 1

Introductory material #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 1

1773-1799 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 1

Folder 2

1802-1810 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 2

Folder 3

1811-1819 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 3

Folder 4

1820-1825 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 4

Folder 5

1826-1829 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 5

Folder 6

1830-1839 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 6

Folder 7

1840-1848 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 7

Folder 8

1850-1859, and Undated #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 8

Folder 9

1850 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 9

Folder 10

1851 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 10

Folder 11

1852 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 11

Folder 12

1853 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 12

Folder 13

1854 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 13

Folder 14

1855 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 14

Folder 15-20

Folder 15

Folder 16

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Folder 20

1856 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 15-20

Folder 21-32

Folder 21

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Folder 24

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Folder 27

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Folder 32

1857 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 21-32

Folder 33-38

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Folder 38

1858 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 33-38

Folder 39

1859 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 39

Folder 40

1860-1869, Undated #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 40

Folder 41

1860 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 41

Folder 42-44

Folder 42

Folder 43

Folder 44

1861 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 42-44

Folder 45

1862 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 45

Folder 46-47

Folder 46

Folder 47

1863-1864 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 46-47

Folder 48-53

Folder 48

Folder 49

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Folder 53

1865-1866 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 48-53

Folder 54-56

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Folder 56

1867-1868 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 54-56

Folder 57-59

Folder 57

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Folder 59

1869 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 57-59

Folder 60

1870s, Undated #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 60

Folder 61

1870 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 61

Folder 62

1871 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 62

Folder 63

1872 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 63

Folder 64

1873 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 64

Folder 65

1874 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 65

Folder 66-76

Folder 66

Folder 67

Folder 68

Folder 69

Folder 70

Folder 71

Folder 72

Folder 73

Folder 74

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Folder 76

1875 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 66-76

Folder 77

1876 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 77

Folder 78-89

Folder 78

Folder 79

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Folder 89

1877 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 78-89

Folder 90-91

Folder 90

Folder 91

1878 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 90-91

Extra Oversize Paper Folder X-OPF-3808/1

1878 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." X-OPF-3808/1

Folder 92-93

Folder 92

Folder 93

1879 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 92-93

Folder 94

1880s, Undated #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 94

Folder 95-108

Folder 95

Folder 96

Folder 97

Folder 98

Folder 99

Folder 100

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Folder 108

1880 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 95-108

Folder 109-110

Folder 109

Folder 110

1881 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 109-110

Folder 111

1882 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 111

Folder 112-121

Folder 112

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Folder 121

1883 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 112-121

Folder 122-132

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Folder 132

1884 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 122-132

Folder 133

1885 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 133

Folder 134-148

Folder 134

Folder 135

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1886 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 134-148

Folder 149-165

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Folder 165

1887 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 149-165

Folder 166

1888 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 166

Folder 167-170

Folder 167

Folder 168

Folder 169

Folder 170

1889 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 167-170

Folder 171

1890s, Undated #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 171

Folder 172-188

Folder 172

Folder 173

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Folder 187

Folder 188

1890 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 172-188

Folder 189-202

Folder 189

Folder 190

Folder 191

Folder 192

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Folder 202

1891 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 189-202

Folder 203-216

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Folder 210

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Folder 216

1892 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 203-216

Folder 217-230

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1893 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 217-230

Folder 231-244

Folder 231

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Folder 244

1894 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 231-244

Folder 245-255

Folder 245

Folder 246

Folder 247

Folder 248

Folder 249

Folder 250

Folder 251

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Folder 255

1895 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 245-255

Folder 256-268

Folder 256

Folder 257

Folder 258

Folder 259

Folder 260

Folder 261

Folder 262

Folder 263

Folder 264

Folder 265

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Folder 267

Folder 268

1896 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 256-268

Folder 269-281

Folder 269

Folder 270

Folder 271

Folder 272

Folder 273

Folder 274

Folder 275

Folder 276

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Folder 281

1897 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 269-281

Folder 282-284

Folder 282

Folder 283

Folder 284

1898 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 282-284

Folder 285-300

Folder 285

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Folder 287

Folder 288

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Folder 290

Folder 291

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Folder 293

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Folder 296

Folder 297

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Folder 300

1899 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 285-300

Folder 301-313

Folder 301

Folder 302

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Folder 304

Folder 305

Folder 306

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Folder 313

1900 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 301-313

Folder 314-325

Folder 314

Folder 315

Folder 316

Folder 317

Folder 318

Folder 319

Folder 320

Folder 321

Folder 322

Folder 323

Folder 324

Folder 325

1901 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 314-325

Folder 326

1902 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 326

Folder 327-339

Folder 327

Folder 328

Folder 329

Folder 330

Folder 331

Folder 332

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Folder 339

1903 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 327-339

Folder 340-351

Folder 340

Folder 341

Folder 342

Folder 343

Folder 344

Folder 345

Folder 346

Folder 347

Folder 348

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Folder 351

1904 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 340-351

Folder 352-363

Folder 352

Folder 353

Folder 354

Folder 355

Folder 356

Folder 357

Folder 358

Folder 359

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Folder 361

Folder 362

Folder 363

1905 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 352-363

Folder 364-376

Folder 364

Folder 365

Folder 366

Folder 367

Folder 368

Folder 369

Folder 370

Folder 371

Folder 372

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Folder 376

1906 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 364-376

Folder 377-384

Folder 377

Folder 378

Folder 379

Folder 380

Folder 381

Folder 382

Folder 383

Folder 384

1907 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 377-384

Folder 385

1908 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 385

Folder 386-387

Folder 386

Folder 387

1909-1910 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 386-387

Folder 387

1910 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 387

Folder 388-392

Folder 388

Folder 389

Folder 390

Folder 391

Folder 392

1911 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 388-392

Folder 393

1912 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 393

Folder 394

1913-1914 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 394

Folder 395

1915 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 395

Folder 396

1916 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 396

Folder 397-399

Folder 397

Folder 398

Folder 399

1917-1918 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 397-399

Folder 400

1920-1921 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 400

Folder 401

1922-1923 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 401

Folder 402

1929-1933 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 402

Folder 403

1934 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 403

Folder 404

1935-1936 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 404

Folder 405

1938-1941 #03808, Series: "1. Chronological Series, 1773-1941 and undated." Folder 405

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Miscellaneous Series, 1849-1911 and undated

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1. Congressional Election Campaigns of Charles Holden Cowles, 1908-1910

Arrangement: chronological.

Charles H. Cowles was elected Representative of the Eighth District to Congress in 1908 and was defeated in his bid for re-election in 1910. Most of these papers concern the two election campaigns, in the fall of 1908 and 1910. There are a few items written in 1909 while Cowles was in office. Much of the correspondence is written by Henry Reynolds, executive head of the state Republican Congressional Committee, who organized and ran Cowles' campaigns.

Folder 406-413

Folder 406

Folder 407

Folder 408

Folder 409

Folder 410

Folder 411

Folder 412

Folder 413

Political campaign papers of Charles Holden Cowles, 1908 #03808, Subseries: "2.1. Congressional Election Campaigns of Charles Holden Cowles, 1908-1910" Folder 406-413

Folder 414-415

Folder 414

Folder 415

Political campaign papers of Charles Holden Cowles, 1909 #03808, Subseries: "2.1. Congressional Election Campaigns of Charles Holden Cowles, 1908-1910" Folder 414-415

Folder 416-430

Folder 416

Folder 417

Folder 418

Folder 419

Folder 420

Folder 421

Folder 422

Folder 423

Folder 424

Folder 425

Folder 426

Folder 427

Folder 428

Folder 429

Folder 430

Political campaign papers of Charles Holden Cowles, 1910 #03808, Subseries: "2.1. Congressional Election Campaigns of Charles Holden Cowles, 1908-1910" Folder 416-430

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.2. Land Papers, undated

Arrangement: geographically when identifiable.

Papers are for North Carolina lands but do not cover all of Cowles' holdings. The papers contain surveys, copies of old grants, bonds for title, maps, and miscellany. Papers pertaining to land holdings that are dated are filed in the Chronological Series.

Folder 431-440

Folder 431

Folder 432

Folder 433

Folder 434

Folder 435

Folder 436

Folder 437

Folder 438

Folder 439

Folder 440

Land papers, Wilkes County, N.C. #03808, Subseries: "2.2. Land Papers, undated" Folder 431-440

Folder 440

Land papers, Yadkin River #03808, Subseries: "2.2. Land Papers, undated" Folder 440

Folder 441

Land papers, Elk Creek #03808, Subseries: "2.2. Land Papers, undated" Folder 441

Folder 442

Land papers, Rowan County, N.C. #03808, Subseries: "2.2. Land Papers, undated" Folder 442

Folder 443-446

Folder 443

Folder 444

Folder 445

Folder 446

Unidentified papers, maps, and surveys #03808, Subseries: "2.2. Land Papers, undated" Folder 443-446

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.3. The Wilkes Patriot Material, 1908-1911.

Includes bills, receipts, orders for supplies and equipment, and tax statements. Wilkes Patriot correspondence is also filed in the chronological series, from February 1908-December 1910, and concerns material for publication, letters to the editor, subscriptions, and miscellany.

Folder 447-448

Folder 447

Folder 448

Wilkes Patriot #03808, Subseries: "2.3. The Wilkes Patriot Material, 1908-1911." Folder 447-448

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.4. Legal Cases, 1849-1899.

There are many other materials related to legal cases and lawsuits filed with the chronological series.

Folder 449

Undated legal papers #03808, Subseries: "2.4. Legal Cases, 1849-1899." Folder 449

Folder 450

Legal cases, United States Mint salaries #03808, Subseries: "2.4. Legal Cases, 1849-1899." Folder 450

Includes material related to an action for reimbursement of salaries earned at the United States Mint at Charlotte, N.C., from 1 July 1875-16 October 1876, by Calvin Josiah Cowles and George B. Hanna.

Folder 451

Cowles & Cowles v. Watts & Watts, 1854-1859 #03808, Subseries: "2.4. Legal Cases, 1849-1899." Folder 451

Includes material related to an action for fraud in the Wilkes County, N.C., Superior Court.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.5. Bills and Receipts, 1850-1906.

Bills and receipts form two separate groups: Calvin Josiah Cowles's bills for household supplies, clothing, and other items, 1873-1906, and accounts due to the firm of J. & C. J. Cowles, 1850s-1905.

Folder 453-460, 519-526

Folder 453

Bills and Receipts #03808, Subseries: "2.5. Bills and Receipts, 1850-1906." Folder 453-460, 519-526

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated

Arrangement: by type.

Folder 452

Newspaper clippings #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 452

Folder 461a

Mercantile circulars #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 461a

Folder 461b

Business circulars, 1867-1906 #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 461b

Folder 462

#03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 462

See Miscellaneous Currency (#4672). Bank notes from the Corporation of Danville, Va.; The Exchange Bank of Virginia, Norfolk; Commercial Bank of Wilmington: 1863 North Carolina ten-cent notes; cancelled counterfeit money; U.S. three-cent piece.

Folder 463

#03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 463

See Image Folder PF-3808/1-3

Image Folder PF-3808/1-3

PF-3808/1

PF-3808/2

PF-3808/3

Photographs #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" PF-3808/1-3

Chiefly undated and unidentified.

Folder 464a

Mrs. Will (Jetty) Finley papers, 1867-1949 #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 464a

Folder 464b

William H. H. Cowles papers #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 464b

Scattered papers (copies only) of William H. H. Cowles, half-brother of Calvin Josiah Cowles.

Folder 465

Horton papers #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 465

Folder 466

Yadkin River development blueprints for railroads, 1890 #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 466

Folder 467

Poems and memoranda (for speeches?) #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 467

Folder 468

"Podczaski's papers" #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 468

Includes undated papers concern mining and minerals.

Folder 469

Mining papers #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 469

Folder 470

Memoranda and miscellaneous #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 470

Folder 471

Printed Cowles advertising #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 471

Folder 472

Undated correspondence #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 472

Folder 473-478

Folder 473

Folder 474

Folder 475

Folder 476

Folder 477

Folder 478

Advertisements for merchandise #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 473-478

Folder 479-482

Folder 479

Folder 480

Folder 481

Folder 482

Medicine advertisements #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 479-482

Folder 483

Investment advertisements #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 483

Folder 484

Henry Clews & Co. Weekly Financial Review #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 484

Folder 485-487

Folder 485

Folder 486

Folder 487

Investment advertisements #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 485-487

Folder 488-489

Folder 488

Folder 489

Miscellaneous advertisements #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 488-489

Folder 490

L. D. Bass of South Carolina #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 490

Folder 491

Expositions advertisements #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 491

Folder 492

Gardening, farming, and produce advertisements #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 492

Folder 493

Political advertisements #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 493

Folder 494

Books, journals, and magazine advertisements #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 494

Folder 495

Heavy machines, equipment, building materials, and tools #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 495

Folder 496

Natural Science #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 496

Folder 497

Publishers #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 497

Folder 498

Stamp collecting and other collecting hobbies #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 498

Folder 499

Theater programs #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 499

Folder 500

Transportation and travel #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 500

Folder 501

Miscellaneous business cards and ads #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 501

Folder 502

Livestock #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 502

Folder 503

Unclassified #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 503

Folder 504

United States Government items #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 504

Folder 505a-505b

Miscellaneous business #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 505a-505b

Folder 506

Miscellaneous advertising, Ann Collins #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 506

Folder 507

Miscellaneous advertising: 1903 #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 507

Folder 508

Miscellaneous advertising, Ann Collins, 1904 #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 508

Folder 509

Miscellaneous business #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 509

Folder 510-513

Folder 510

Folder 511

Folder 512

Folder 513

Advertisements from W. L. Spoon #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 510-513

Folder 514

Postcards, 1875-1879 #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 514

Folder 515

Postcards, 1880-1885 #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 515

Folder 516

Postcards, 1886-1891 #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 516

Folder 517

Postcards, 1892-1896 #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 517

Folder 518

Postcards, 1897-1914 #03808, Subseries: "2.6. Miscellaneous and Undated" Folder 518

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Volumes, 1843-1937 and undated.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909.

40 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

All but three of these volumes contain the letters of Calvin Josiah Cowles, written chiefly from Charlotte and Wilkesboro, N.C. Most of the books contain over 600 full pages and a few contain over 1,000 pages. The main subjects of the correspondence are Cowles' extensive and diverse business interests, including railroads, mining, agriculture, retail trade, money exchange, and land sales in several Southern and Midwestern states. There is much correspondence, official and semi-official, while Cowles was assayer at the United States Mint at Charlotte, as well as family and political correspondence. Most books have alphabetical indexes of correspondents in the front.

Folder 527

Volume 1: Letterpress book, Josiah Cowles Junior, 1853-1856 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 527

Folder 528

Volume 2: Letterpress book, Joe D. Cowles, 1873-1874 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 528

Folder 529

Volume 3: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1877-1878 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 529

Folder 530

Volume 4: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1878-1879 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 530

Folder 531

Volume 5: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1869-1871 and 1879 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 531

Folder 532

Volume 6: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1879-1880 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 532

Folder 533

#03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 533

See Oversize Volume SV-3808/7

Oversize Volume SV-3808/7

Volume 7: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1880-1881 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." SV-3808/7

Folder 534

Volume 8: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1881-1882 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 534

Folder 535

Volume 9: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1882-1883 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 535

Folder 536

Volume 10: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1883-1885 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 536

Folder 537

Volume 11: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1885 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 537

Folder 538

Volume 12: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1885-1886 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 538

Folder 539

Volume 13: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1886 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 539

Folder 540

Volume 14: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1886-1887 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 540

Folder 541

Volume 15: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1887-1888 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 541

Folder 542

Volume 16: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1888 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 542

Folder 543

Volume 17: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1888-1889 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 543

Folder 544

Volume 18: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1889 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 544

Folder 545

Volume 19: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1889-1890 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 545

Folder 546

Volume 20: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1890 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 546

Folder 547

Volume 21: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1890-1891 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 547

Folder 548

Volume 22: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1891 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 548

Folder 549

Volume 23: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1891-1892 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 549

Folder 550

Volume 24: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1892 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 550

Folder 551

Volume 25: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1892-1893 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 551

Folder 552

Volume 26: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1893 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 552

Folder 553

Volume 27: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1893-1894 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 553

Folder 554

Volume 28: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1894 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 554

Folder 555

Volume 29: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1894 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 555

Folder 556

Volume 30: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1894-1895 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 556

Folder 557

Volume 31: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1887-1889 and 1895-1896 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 557

Folder 558

Volume 32: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1896-1897 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 558

Folder 559

Volume 33: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1897-1898 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 559

Folder 560

Volume 34: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1898-1899 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 560

Folder 561

Volume 35: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1899-1900 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 561

Folder 562

#03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 562

See Oversize Volume SV-3808/36

Oversize Volume SV-3808/36

Volume 36: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1901-1902 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." SV-3808/36

Folder 563

#03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 563

See Oversize Volume SV-3808/37

Oversize Volume SV-3808/37

Volume 37: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1902-1904 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." SV-3808/37

Folder 564

Volume 38: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1904-1905 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 564

Folder 565

Volume 39: Letterpress book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1905-1907 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 565

Folder 566

Volume 40: Letterpress book, Charles H. Cowles, 1905-1909 #03808, Subseries: "3.1. Letterpress Copy Books, 1853-1909." Folder 566

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated.

About 130 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

This series includes daybooks containing the daily sales records of Cowles' mercantile business, J. & C. J. Cowles, at Elkville and Wilkesboro, N.C. formatted to include dates, customer names, goods purchased, and amount of sale on a day-to-day basis. Also included in this set of volumes are cash books, customers' accounts, ledgers, and shipping and dealers' accounts containing business transactions of the J. & C.J. Cowles store in general merchandise, roots and herbs, livestock, land, vegetables, and securities.

Folder 567

Volume 41: Inventories, J. & C. J. Cowles, 1840s-1850s #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 567

Folder 568

Volume 42: Travel diary, Calvin Cowles, 1843 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 568

Describes a trip from Hamptonville to Raleigh, N.C., as a delegate from Surry County, N.C. to the Whig Convention.

Folder 569

Volume 43: Recipe book, Martha Cowles, 1846 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 569

Folder 570

#03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 570

See Oversize Volume SV-3808/44

Oversize Volume SV-3808/44

Volume 44: Daybook, 1846-1848 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." SV-3808/44

Folder 571

Volume 45: "Index to character," Wilkes County, N.C., 1846 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 571

Folder 572

Volume 46: Ledger, 1846- #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 572

Folder 573

#03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 573

See Oversize Volume SV-3808/47

Oversize Volume SV-3808/47

Volume 47: Account book, 1847-1851 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." SV-3808/47

Folder 574

#03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 574

See Oversize Volume SV-3808/48

Oversize Volume SV-3808/48

Volume 48: Daybook, 1848-1850 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." SV-3808/48

Folder 575

Volume 49: Mailing list, J. & C. J. Cowles, 1840-1852 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 575

Folder 576

Volume 50: Cash book, 1850-1860 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 576

Folder 577

Volume 51: Daybook, M. T. Cowles, 1849-1866 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 577

Folder 578

Volume 52: Inventories, 1850-1858 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 578

Folder 579

Volume 53: Inventory, undated #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 579

Folder 580

Volume 54: Account book, J. & C. J. Cowles, 1850-1866 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 580

Folder 581

Volume 55: Credit accounts, 1850s-1860s #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 581

Folder 582

#03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 582

See Oversize Volume SV-3808/56

Oversize Volume SV-3808/56

Volume 56: Letter book, J. & C. J. Cowles, 1850 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." SV-3808/56

Folder 583

Volume 57: Inventory, J. & C. J. Cowles, 1851 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 583

Folder 584

Volume 58: Daybook, 1850-1851 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 584

Folder 585

Volume 59: Root accounts, J. & C. J. Cowles, 1851-1858 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 585

Folder 586

Volume 60: Root accounts, 1854-1860 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 586

Folder 587

Volume 61: Daybook, 1851-1852 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 587

Folder 588

Volume 62: Daybook, 1852 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 588

Folder 589

#03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 589

See Oversize Volume SV-3808/63

Oversize Volume SV-3808/63

Volume 63: Ledger, 1852 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." SV-3808/63

Folder 590

Volume 64: Postmaster accounts, C. J. Cowles, 1852-1857 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 590

Folder 591

Volume 65: Root, herb, and seed accounts, J. & C. J. Cowles with Tilden & Co., 1852 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 591

Folder 592

Volume 66: Daybook, 1852-1853 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 592

Folder 593

Volume 67: Root and herb accounts, 1852-1853 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 593

Folder 594

Volume 68: Mailing list, J. & C. J. Cowles, 1852-1854 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 594

Folder 595

Volume 69: Receipts, Calvin J. Cowles, 1852-1857 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 595

Folder 596

Volume 70: Time books, J. & C. J. Cowles, 1851-1852, 1854-1859, 1868- #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 596

Folder 597

Volume 71: Pork books, 1852-1856 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 597

Folder 598

Volume 72: Shipping accounts, 1852-1859 and 1865 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 598

Folder 599

Volume 73: Barter book, J. & C. J. Cowles, 1853-1856 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 599

Folder 600

Volume 74: Daybook, 1853-1854 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 600

Folder 601

Volume 75: Accounts and daybook, 1853-1857 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 601

Folder 602

Volume 76: Daybook, 1853-1856 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 602

Folder 603

Volume 77: Mailing list, J. & C. J. Cowles, 1854-1857 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 603

Folder 604

Volume 78: Memoranda, C. J. Cowles, 1854- #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 604

Folder 605

Volume 79: Daybook, 1854-1855 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 605

Folder 606

Volume 80: Daybook, 1856-1858 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 606

Folder 607

Volume 81: Memoranda of travel expenses, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1857 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 607

Folder 608

Volume 82: Account book, J. & C. J. Cowles, 1857-1859 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 608

Folder 609

Volume 83: Purchases, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1857-1858 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 609

Folder 610

#03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 610

See Oversize Volume SV-3808/84

Oversize Volume SV-3808/84

Volume 84: Notebook, estate of T. P. Dula, 1858 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." SV-3808/84

Folder 611

Volume 85: Postmaster accounts, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1858-1862 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 611

Folder 612

Volume 86: Daybook, 1858-1867 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 612

Folder 613

Volume 87: Exchange notes and stub receipts, 1858-1868 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 613

Folder 614

Volume 88: Ledger, Jacob Rintel, 1860 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 614

Folder 615

Volume 89: Memoranda, J. & C. J. Cowles, circa 1860 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 615

Folder 616

#03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 616

See Oversize Volume SV-3808/90

Oversize Volume SV-3808/90

Volume 90: Ledger, P. Rintels & Co., 1860-1862 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." SV-3808/90

Folder 617

Volume 91: Daybook, 1860-1862 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 617

Folder 618

Volume 92: Account book, 1861-1862 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 618

Folder 619

Volume 93: Cash book, 1861-1865 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 619

Folder 620

Volume 94: Postmaster accounts, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1861-1867 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 620

Folder 621

Volume 95: Accounts, 1862 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 621

Folder 622

Volume 96: Root and herb shipments, 1865-1867 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 622

Folder 623

Volume 97: Memoranda, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1866-1867 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 623

Folder 624

Volume 98: Postmaster accounts, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1866-1869 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 624

Folder 625

Volume 99: Daybook, 1867-1868 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 625

Folder 626

Volume 100: Daybook, 1868 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 626

Folder 627

Volume 101: Store accounts, 1868-1874 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 627

Folder 628

Volume 102: Notebook, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1869 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 628

Folder 629

Volume 103: Assayer accounts, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1878-1879 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 629

Folder 630

Volume 104: Property descriptions, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1892 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 630

Folder 631

Volume 105: Memoranda book, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1897-1898 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 631

Folder 632

Volume 106: Memoranda, Calvin Josiah Cowles, undated #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 632

Folder 633

Volume 107: Timber notes, undated #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 633

Folder 634

Volume 108: Travel diary, Calvin Josiah Cowles, 1907 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 634

Folder 635

Volume 109: Personal notebook, Charles H. Cowles, 1909 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 635

Folder 636

Volume 110: Stock certificates, Charles H. Cowles, 1911-1915 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 636

Folder 637a-637c

Volume 111: Pocket memoranda books, 1846-1937 #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 637a-637c

Folder 638

Volume 112: Address book, undated #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 638

Folder 639

Volume 113: Scrapbook over account book, undated #03808, Subseries: "3.2. Mercantile and Miscellaneous Volumes, 1943-1937 and undated." Folder 639

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

Updated by: Kate Stratton and Jodi Berkowitz, March 2010

This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

Diacritics and other special characters have been omitted from this finding aid to facilitate keyword searching by web browsers.

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