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Collection Number: 11005

Collection Title: George Cruikshank Papers, 1827-1897

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


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Size About 2025 items (1.5 linear feet)
Abstract George Cruikshank was a British artist, social and political caricaturist, and illustrator. The collection includes correspondence about the temperance movement; invitations to lecture and to attend social events; requests for assistance, autographs, and illustrations for worthy causes; copies of about thirty letters written by Cruikshank; manuscript fragments; and scattered references to Cruikshank's drawings and designs. Also present are two caricature sketches by Cruikshank, possibly of Queen Victoria; letters to Cruikshank's wife, Eliza Cruikshank; and a separate series of correspondence to Sir Benjamin Ward Richardson (1827-1896), physician and crusader for various preventative medicine projects, who served as executor for the estate of George Cruikshank, primarily about the estate.
Creator Cruikshank, George, 1792-1878.
Language English.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Information For Users

Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the George Cruikshank Papers #11005, Rare Book Literary and Historical Papers, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Provenance
Purchased from Howes Bookshop Ltd., Hastings, Sussex, England, in 1963; addition purchased from Theodore Hoffman, Sevenoaks, Kent, England, in 1966; addition purchased from Kenneth W. Rendell, Somerville, Mass., in 1969; addition purchased from Jarndyce Antiquarian Booksellers, London, England, in 1977.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

George Cruikshank was born on 27 September 1792 in London. His father, Isaac Cruikshank, was one of the leading caricaturists of the late 1790s and George started his career as his father's apprentice and assistant. Isaac Robert Cruikshank, George's older brother, also followed in the "family business" as a caricaturist and illustrator. George's early work was caricature; but in 1823, at the age of 31, Cruikshank started to focus on book illustration. His first major work was Pierce Egan's Life in London (1821), and he also illustrated Charles Dicken's Oliver Twist (1846). He achieved early success collaborating with William Hone in his political satire The Political House That Jack Built (1819).

In the late 1840s, Cruikshank's focus shifted from book illustration to his obsession with temperance and anti-smoking. He supported, lectured to, and supplied illustrations for the National Temperance Society and the Total Abstinence Society among others. Works such as The Bottle (1847) and The Drunkard's Children (1848) are examples of his efforts to encourage temperance. Cruikshank was made vice president of the National Temperance League in 1856.

Cruikshank developed palsy in later life and his work declined in quality. He died on 1 February 1878 and was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral. Sir Benjamin Ward Richardson (1828-1896), physician and crusader for preventative medicine, served as executor for the Cruikshank estate.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The George Cruikshank collection includes correspondence about the temperance movement; invitations to lecture and to attend social events; requests for assistance, autographs, and illustrations for worthy causes; copies of about thirty letters written by Cruikshank; manuscript fragments; and scattered references to Cruikshank's drawings and designs. Also present are two caricature sketches by Cruikshank, possibly of Queen Victoria; letters to Cruikshank's wife, Eliza Cruikshank; and a separate series of correspondence to Sir Benjamin Ward Richardson (1827-1896), physician and crusader for various preventative medicine projects, who served as executor for the estate of George Cruikshank, primarily about the estate.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence, 1827-1878 and undated.

About 1,840 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Primarily letters to George Cruikshank containing invitations to preside over, address, or attend meetings of various regional temperance societies. Other letters request autographs, illustrations, and or charitable contributions. Cruikshank frequently noted whether he accepted or declined the invitation on the letter. Often pencil or pen "doodles" or sketches are present. In a few cases, Cruikshank drafted a reply or made notes on the letter received. Letters by Cruikshank include: 7 February 1827 (to Dr. Knights, re: caricatures); 25 August 1842 (re: Comic Almanack); 20 July 1847; 6 Aug. 1852; 28 June 1855 (copy of reply); 12 December 1860; 24 June 1865 (re: "Worship of Bacchus"); 23 December 1868; 29 April 1869; 29 April 1870; 15 June 1871; 13 March 1872; 27 June 1877. A September 1850 letter to Cruikshank contains a pencil note about his work, "Stop Thief"; a partial manuscript of the work is present in Series 2, folder 47. Correspondents include: London Temperance League, Total Abstinence Society, National Temperance Society, and the British Association for the Promotion of Temperance.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878.

About 1,505 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Note that most letters dated after Cruikshank's death on 1 February 1878 are addressed to his widow, Eliza Cruikshank.

Folder 1

1827-1838 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 1

Folder 2

1840-1843 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 2

Folder 3

1844-1847 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 3

Folder 4

1848 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 4

Folder 5

1849 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 5

Folder 6

1850 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 6

Folder 7

1851 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 7

Folder 8

1852 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 8

Folder 9

1853 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 9

Folder 10

1854 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 10

Folder 11

1855 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 11

Folder 12

1856 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 12

Folder 13

1857 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 13

Folder 14

1858 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 14

Folder 15

1859 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 15

Folder 16

1860 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 16

Folder 17

1861 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 17

Folder 18

1862 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 18

Folder 19

1863 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 19

Folder 20

1864 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 20

Folder 21

1865 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 21

Folder 22

1866 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 22

Folder 23

1867 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 23

Folder 24

1868 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 24

Folder 25

1869 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 25

Folder 26

1870 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 26

Folder 27

1871 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 27

Folder 28-29

Folder 28

Folder 29

1872 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 28-29

Folder 30-31

Folder 30

Folder 31

1873 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 30-31

Folder 32-33

Folder 32

Folder 33

1874 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 32-33

Folder 34

1875 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 34

Folder 35-36

Folder 35

Folder 36

1876 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 35-36

Folder 37

1877 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 37

Folder 38

1878 #11005, Subseries: "1.1. Dated Correspondence, 1827-1878." Folder 38

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.2. Undated Correspondence.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Manuscript Notes, Fragments, and Sketches.

51 items.

folder 46 of this series contains notes and drafts by Cruikshank, many with pencil or pen sketches or studies. folder 47 contains a three leaf manuscript fragment for "Stop Thief." Also present is the 16 page text of a 5 January 1869 speech by Cruikshank for the National Temperance League and "Directions for Coloring Photographs" (both not in Cruikshank's hand). On the verso of a memorandum of agreement between Joseph Hogarth and Cruikshank concerning his picture, "The Culprit Detected," are two sketches, one in pencil and the other in ink, presumed to be Queen Victoria. folder 48 contains two manuscript fragments: an incomplete play (35 pp.) and a poem entitled "Cath-Loda" written over extracts from "Hudibras" (16 pp.).

Folder 46-48

Folder 46

Folder 47

Folder 48

Manuscript notes, fragments, and sketches #11005, Series: "2. Manuscript Notes, Fragments, and Sketches." Folder 46-48

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Benjamin Ward Richardson Correspondence, 1862-1896.

128 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Correspondence directed to Sir Benjamin Ward Richardson, noted physician and preventative medicine pioneer. Richardson was executor for Cruikshank's estate and the bulk of the correspondence pertains to settling Cruikshank's affairs.

Folder 49

1862-1879 #11005, Series: "3. Benjamin Ward Richardson Correspondence, 1862-1896." Folder 49

Folder 50

1880-1889 #11005, Series: "3. Benjamin Ward Richardson Correspondence, 1862-1896." Folder 50

Folder 51

1890-1896 #11005, Series: "3. Benjamin Ward Richardson Correspondence, 1862-1896." Folder 51

Folder 52

Undated #11005, Series: "3. Benjamin Ward Richardson Correspondence, 1862-1896." Folder 52

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Obituary Notices and Related Materials, 1890-1897.

4 items.

Packet of clippings regarding Sir Richardson's death, a 10 April 1897 obituary for Sir Richardson in The Spectator, a manuscript note concerning Eliza Cruikshank's death, and an interview with Sir Richardson about George Cruikshank clipped from the Daily Chronicle of 9 February 1895.

Folder 53

Obituary notices and related materials #11005, Series: "4. Obituary Notices and Related Materials, 1890-1897." Folder 53

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