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Collection Number: 05190-z

Collection Title: Samuel T. Dolen Diary, 1862-1865

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


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Abstract Samuel T. Dolen, born 9 January 1831, in Nicholsville, Ohio, was a private in the 89th Ohio Infantry Regiment, Company F, during the Civil War. Dolen began and ended his time in the service at Camp Dennison, Ohio. He worked as a carpenter and on the Brigade Ambulance Train and saw action in Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, and North Carolina. Samuel T. Dolen's pocket diary covers his service in the 89th Ohio Infantry Regiment from the time he volunteered in August 1862 until he was mustered out in June 1865. Included are almost daily entries documenting the distances he traveled and areas through which he traveled. Although Dolen's regiment missed the battle at Fort Donelson, Tenn., in February 1863, he arrived shortly afterwards and described the dead on the battlefield. He briefly described the burning of Atlanta, Ga., and the Battle of Jonesboro, Ga. After the regiment traveled to Savannah, Ga., it headed to North Carolina where Dolen was involved in skirmishes from Goldsboro to Raleigh. In May 1865, his regiment headed to Washington, D.C., for the Grand Review of the Armies. Dolan wrote about visiting several sites while there. Although most of Dolen's diary concerns the advancement of his regiment, he sometimes briefly mentioned aspects of military life. Also included are song lyrics; what seem to be accounts for Dolen's work as a carpenter; lists of officers and soldiers; and a clothing account. A "card of distances," showing distances by railroad between several cities, was enclosed with the diary.
Creator Dolen, Samuel T., b. 1831.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Samuel T. Dolen Diary #5190-z, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Charles Apfelbaum of Watchung, N.J., in December 2004 (Acc. 99968).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

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Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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Soldier Samuel T. Dolen, born 9 January 1831 in Nicholsville, Ohio, was a private in the 89th Ohio Infantry Regiment, Company F, during the Civil War. Dolen volunteered under Captain Marcellus A. Leeds and began and ended his time in the service at Camp Dennison, Ohio. In between, he saw action in Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, and North Carolina. Dolan worked as a carpenter and on the Brigade Ambulance Train. After the war, his regiment traveled to Washington, D.C., for the Grand Review of the Armies.

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The diary of Private Samuel T. Dolen covers his service in the 89th Ohio Infantry Regiment of the United States Army from the time he volunteered in August 1862 until he was mustered out in June 1865 after the Civil War had ended. The pocket diary consists of almost daily entries documenting the distances he traveled and areas through which he traveled. Although Dolen's regiment missed the battle at Fort Donelson, Tenn., in February 1863, he arrived afterwards and described the dead on the battlefield. He briefly described the burning of Atlanta, Ga., and the Battle of Jonesboro, Ga. After the regiment traveled to Savannah, Ga., it headed to North Carolina where Dolen was involved in skirmishes from Goldsboro, N.C., to Raleigh, N.C.. On 13 April 1865, he learned of Lincoln's assassination and the declaration of peace. In May 1865, his regiment headed to Washington, D.C., for the Grand Review of the Armies. Dolan mentioned visiting several sites while there, including the Capitol and the Smithsonian Institute.

Although most of Dolen's diary concerns the advancement of his regiment, he sometimes briefly mentioned aspects of military life, including food, pay, and the weather. Also included are song lyrics, such as "Carry Me Back to Old Virginny," "Marching through Georgia," and "Sherman's March to the Sea," and other songs about plantation life; what seem to be accounts for Dolen's work as a carpenter, including names, dates, items, and amounts paid to him; a list of names of officers in the regiment; a list of soldiers with information on their deaths, resignations, or dischargs from the army; and a clothing account with dates, clothing items, and prices. A "card of distances," showing distances by railroad between several cities, was enclosed with the diary.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Diary, 1862-1865.

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Processing Information

Processed by: Nathalie Wheaton, April 2005

Encoded by: Nathalie Wheaton, April 2005

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