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Collection Number: 00814

Collection Title: F. H. Elmore Papers, 1833-1936

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


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Size 0.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 130 items)
Abstract F. H. Elmore, of Walterboro, Columbia, and Charleston, S.C., was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, 1836-1839; president of the State Bank of South Carolina, 1839-1850; and U.S. Senator, appointed to succeed John C. Calhoun, from 11 April 1850 until his death on 29 May 1850. He married Harriet Chesnut Taylor (fl. 1819-1865) in 1827. A small part of this collection consists of original items of Franklin Harper Elmore: family letters, correspondence from friends and associates relating to his political activities, and letters relating to his activities as president of the State Bank of South Carolina and his involvement in cotton marketing in England. There are also newspaper clippings about Elmore; memoirs and reminiscences of his daughter, Sally Canty (Elmore) Taylor, describing her experiences in Washington, D.C., in the 1830s, in Charleston, S.C., in the 1840s, and in Columbia, S.C., from the late 1850s through Reconstruction; genealogical information on the Elmore and the related Marshall, Martin, Nesbitt, and Taylor families; and copies of Elmore family documents held by the South Caroliniana Library at the University of South Carolina.
Creator Elmore, F. H. (Franklin Harper), 1799-1850.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the F. H. Elmore Papers #814, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alternate Form of Material
All or part of this collection is available on microfilm from University Publications of America as part of the Records of ante-bellum southern plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War, Series J, and as part of the Southern women and their families in the 19th century, Series A.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Franklin H. Elmore and Thomas H. Elmore of Jacksonville, Florida, in 1939; Franklin H. Elmore Junior, of Washington, D.C., in October 1946; Franklin H. Elmore in June 1948; the Arnold Appleton Papers, Southern Historical Collection, in March 1957; and the South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina, in January 1965.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Franklin Harper Elmore (1799-1850) was born in Laurens, South Carolina, the son of John Archer Elmore (1762-1834) and his first wife, Mary Anne Saxon (born 1770). John A. Elmore moved from Virginia to South Carolina and later to Alabama. Franklin H. Elmore graduated from South Carolina College in 1819, studied law in Columbia, South Carolina, and was admitted to the bar there in 1821. He was solicitor of the southern circuit, 1822-1836; member of the United States House of Representatives, 1836-1839; and president of the State Bank of South Carolina, 1839-1850. He was appointed to the United States Senate in 1850 to succeed John C. Calhoun, but served only from 11 April 1850 until his death in Washington, 28 May 1850.

Elmore was also interested in southern manufacturing. He was trustee of Nesbitt Manufacturing Company and was also involved with the King's Mountain Iron Works, both of which employed slave labor.

Elmore married Harriet Chesnut Taylor in 1827. They had twelve children: John Taylor Elmore (1828-1830); Sally Canty Elmore (born 1829) married Thomas Taylor; Harriet Chesnut Elmore (1830-1835?); Mary Singleton Elmore (1831-1840); Ellen Sophia Elmore (born 1833); Cornelia Caroline Elmore (born 1835) married Brevard Davidson; Franklin Harper Elmore (born 1836) married Mary Goodwin; Harriet Chesnut Elmore (born 1837); Grace Stark Elmore (1839-1912); Mary Susan Elmore (born 1841); Albert Rhett Elmore (born 1843) married Alexina Taylor; Rosa Ann Elmore (born 1846) married Mr. Hayne.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

This collection includes a small amount of original correspondence: family letters, correspondence from friends and associates relating to Elmore's political activities, and letters relating to both his activities as president of the State Bank of South Carolina and his involvement in cotton marketing in England. There also are newspaper clippings about Franklin Harper Elmore; memoirs and reminiscences of Mrs. Thomas Taylor (Sally Canty Elmore), documenting the family life of the Elmores as well as the political life of Franklin Elmore; genealogical information on the Elmore and related families; and copies of Elmore documents held by the South Caroliniana Library at the University of South Carolina.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Original Items of Franklin H. Elmore and Family, 1843-1850 and undated.

23 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Personal and business correspondence and other items of Franklin Harper Elmore. Included is a letter, dated 1 June 1843, from Hugh Swinton Legare about a successful application made by Elmore (possibly for appointment of a son to West Point) and his own appointment as secretary of state. Also included is a letter, dated 9 May 1844, from Dixon H. Lewis to Elmore (or some other member of the family) about the political situation, the contest for the Democratic presidential nomination, and the views of John C. Calhoun and his friends.

In 1848 there are seven letters to Elmore from Collman and Stoltrefaht, cotton merchants of Liverpool, England, about marketing cotton. Also included is a five page leaflet entitled Report of the Bank, in Relation to Committing the Government of the Bank to Six Persons with Salaries , F.H. Elmore, president, dated 5 December 1848.

In 1849 and 1850, there are several letters to Franklin Harper Elmore Junior, who was away at school, about his clothes and family activities, from his sister, Sally Canty Elmore, his mother, and his father. Also in 1849, there are three letters from James L. Petigru about a controversy in the South Carolina legislature over Elmore's management of the bank. There is a copy of an 1850 letter from Elmore to Governor Whitmarsh B. Seabrook about Elmore's appointment to the United States Senate, as well as other correspondence on the subject. Also included in 1850 is a brief letter from Andrew Pickens Butler to Elmore about political conditions and the southern group in Congress.

In 1862, there is a letter to Captain R.C. Morgan from Maxcy Gregg, asking for help for William Taylor, who wanted to move the body of his brother, who was killed at Cold Harbor or at least to visit his grave. In 1865, there is a letter to Harriet Chesnut Taylor Elmore from Caldwell, Blakely, and Co., asking her to pay at least a portion of her debt to them. Also included in this series is an undated engraving of Franklin H. Elmore.

Folder 1

1843-1865 #00814, Series: "1. Original Items of Franklin H. Elmore and Family, 1843-1850 and undated." Folder 1

Image Folder PF-814/1

Engravings of Franklin H. Elmore, undated #00814, Series: "1. Original Items of Franklin H. Elmore and Family, 1843-1850 and undated." PF-814/1

Contains original and one copy.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Clippings, 1833-1897 and undated.

About 15 items.

Newspaper clippings regarding the life, work, and death of Franklin Harper Elmore.

Folder 2

1833-1897 #00814, Series: "2. Clippings, 1833-1897 and undated." Folder 2

Extra Oversize Paper Folder XOPF-814/1

Five oversize clippings #00814, Series: "2. Clippings, 1833-1897 and undated." XOPF-814/1

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Taylor Family Reminiscences, 1908-1914.

4 items.

Records, reminiscences, and memoirs of Sally Canty Elmore Taylor, who was the daughter of Franklin H. Elmore and wife of Thomas Taylor, and "Boy Soldiers of the Confederacy," by Lawrence W. Taylor.

Included are both the original handwritten manuscript and a typed transcription of "Records of the Taylor Family and Reminiscences of My Own Life," by Sally Canty Elmore Taylor, circa 1908 (5 typed pages). Mrs. Taylor was descended through her mother from the Taylor family and married a Taylor cousin. A second, untitled and undated manuscript, also present in both the original handwritten version and typed transcription and presumably also by Mrs. Taylor, continues the family record and also describes life in Washington during the time her father was a member of Congress (15 typed pages). References are made to Angelica Singleton, John Van Buren, and Dixon H. Lewis.

Also included is a typed version of a much larger (196 pages) memoir written in 1908-1910 by Sally Canty Elmore Taylor. It also contains Elmore family history. It also includes a description of Sally's life in Washington, D.C., 1835-1840, and a description of her time spent in Charleston, South Carolina, and the South Carolina upcountry in the summers, 1840-1850. She married in 1856 and thereafter lived in Columbia or just outside it. Also included are copies of letters Sally wrote from Washington, D.C., in 1848. Included in 1849 are a tribute to Captain James Stuart, Mexican War hero, and a description of the dinner given in his honor in Charleston. There are also recollections of the Civil War and of Reconstruction in South Carolina.

Finally, there is a typescript entitled, "Boy Soldiers of the Confederacy," written by Lawrence W. Taylor in 1914 for the M.C. Butler Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy (8 pages). Taylor was a captain and served in Company K of the "Bonham Guards," Third Regiment of South Carolina State Troops, which was composed of young men who enlisted late in the war. He described his experiences at Grahamville, at James Island, and on the march to Fayetteville and Raleigh and back to Columbia in Hardee's Corps. References are made to Wade Hampton and Iredell Jones.

Folder 3

"Records of the Taylor Family and Reminiscences of My Own Life" by Sally Canty Elmore Taylor circa 1908 #00814, Series: "3. Taylor Family Reminiscences, 1908-1914." Folder 3

Folder 4

Untitled and undated further records of the Taylor family and Sally Canty Elmore Taylor #00814, Series: "3. Taylor Family Reminiscences, 1908-1914." Folder 4

Folder 5

"Memoir of Mrs. Sally Elmore Taylor, written by herself, 1908-1910, and presented by her to her nephew, B. F. Taylor," pages 1-77 #00814, Series: "3. Taylor Family Reminiscences, 1908-1914." Folder 5

Folder 6

Memoir, pages 78-196 and index #00814, Series: "3. Taylor Family Reminiscences, 1908-1914." Folder 6

Folder 7

"Boy Soldiers of the Confederacy" #00814, Series: "3. Taylor Family Reminiscences, 1908-1914." Folder 7

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Genealogical Papers, 1931-1936 and undated.

About 15 items.

Genealogical material, including copies of letters about the history of the Elmores written in 1936. Also included is a biographical sketch of Albert Rhett Elmore, son of Franklin H. Elmore, and one of William Augustus Elmore, half brother of Franklin H. Elmore. There is data on the Taylor family of South Carolina, which was related to the Elmore family. There are also notes referring to the Nesbitt, Martin, and Marshall families. Also included is a letter from Richard L. Irving to Grace Elmore, enclosing a copy of the 1746 will of Thomas Elmore of New Kent County, Virginia. There is a photocopy of a newspaper clipping on John Archer Elmore and his descendants.

Folder 8

1931-1936 and undated #00814, Series: "4. Genealogical Papers, 1931-1936 and undated." Folder 8

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 5. Copies from South Caroliniana Library, 1819-1877 and undated.

About 75 items.

Photocopies of items in the Franklin Harper Elmore Papers at the South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina.

These are almost entirely family letters of Franklin Harper Elmore, his wife Harriet Chesnut Taylor Elmore, and their numerous children. Many of the letters were written to Ellen S. Elmore, one of the older daughters, by her parents and siblings. Many letters were written by Harriet to Franklin when she was at home with the children and he was elsewhere. The letters were written primarily from Charleston and Columbia, with some written by Franklin Elmore from Washington, D.C. In addition to the family letters, the series includes several non-family items as noted below.

In 1819, Harriet wrote to her mother Sarah Taylor. In 1826 and 1827, Franklin Elmore corresponded with Harriet Taylor and her father John Taylor about Elmore's engagement to Harriet. Included in 1829 is a poem that Franklin copied for Harriet.

In a letter dated 22 April 1838, Chasteen Scott of Kentucky inquired about a family connection. In a letter dated 19 February 1843 from Fort Hill, John C. Calhoun wrote to Elmore telling him he was enclosing a letter of introduction to the president. In a letter dated 4 April 1850, from the Charleston Hotel, P. Calhoun wrote asking for permission to call. The remainder of the items between 1838 and 1853 are family letters. After Elmore's death in May 1850, there are letters from Harriet to Ellen and the other children.

In 1860 there are letters to Ellen S. Elmore from her mother, Harriet Elmore. In 1861 and 1862, Albert Elmore wrote two letters from South Carolina army camps. Several letters were written in 1865 and 1866 by family and friends. In a letter dated 28 November 1877, J.B. Gordon wrote from Washington, D.C., to Grace Elmore, thanking the women of Columbia for their tribute to him and a silver salver.

Folder 9

1819-1829 #00814, Series: "5. Copies from South Caroliniana Library, 1819-1877 and undated." Folder 9

Folder 10

1838-1847 #00814, Series: "5. Copies from South Caroliniana Library, 1819-1877 and undated." Folder 10

Folder 11

1848 #00814, Series: "5. Copies from South Caroliniana Library, 1819-1877 and undated." Folder 11

Folder 12

1849-1853 #00814, Series: "5. Copies from South Caroliniana Library, 1819-1877 and undated." Folder 12

Folder 13

1860-1877 and undated #00814, Series: "5. Copies from South Caroliniana Library, 1819-1877 and undated." Folder 13

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Processing Information

Processed by: Brooke Allan, January 1965; Shonra Newman, August 1990

Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008

Updated by: Kathryn Michaelis, October 2010

Diacritics and other special characters have been omitted from this finding aid to facilitate keyword searching in web browsers.

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