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Collection Number: 03185

Collection Title: Federal Soldiers' Letters, 1861-1865; 1890

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


This collection was processed with support from the Randleigh Foundation Trust.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Collection Overview

Size 0.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 163 items)
Abstract Chiefly Civil War letters from Federal soldiers throughout the South, in camps, hospitals, and prisons, to family and friends in the North. This collection is made up of unrelated single items or small groups of items, some of which are cataloged separately.
Language English
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Information For Users

Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Federal Soldiers' Letters #3185, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from various sources.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

Chiefly Civil War letters from Federal soldiers throughout the South, in camps, hospitals, and prisons, to family and friends in the North. This collection is made up of unrelated single items or small groups of items, some of which are cataloged separately.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 1, 1861-1864.

14 items.

Purchased from Alvin Lohr of Hagerstown, Md., in March 1956.

Letters received by Emerett Harrison of Dry Brook, Conn., from her father, Sylvanus Harrison, and her brother, Elizur Harrison. Sylvanus Harrison wrote from camp at Annapolis, Md., telling of his enlistment and trip from Connecticut to Maryland, about waiting for a naval expedition to begin, and advising his son Elizur not to enlist until he was at least 21. Elizur Harrison of the 1st Connecticut Volunteer Artillery wrote from Fort Richardson, near Washington and Alexandria, and from Petersburg, Va., in August 1863 or 1864.

Folder 1

Harrison letters #03185, Series: "Unit 1, 1861-1864." Folder 1

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 2, 1863-1864.

15 items.

Purchased from Alvin Lohr of Hagerstown, Md., in March 1956.

Letters from Lieutenant Charles P. Miller, serving in Virginia Company C, 6th New York Artillery, to his mother, Mary B. Miller, at Brighthope in or near New York, N.Y., and two letters from her to her son. Charles Miller's letters describe his poor health and his attempts to get out of the army and to get an appointment at West Point.

Folder 2

Miller letters #03185, Series: "Unit 2, 1863-1864." Folder 2

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 3, 1862-1866.

27 items.

Purchased from Alvin Lohr of Hagerstown, Md., in March, May, and September 1956.

Letters written by Andrew H. Minnick of Company H (later Company C), 69th Indiana Volunteers, serving in Kentucky, Indiana, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Alabama, to his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Michael Minnick, at Middletown, Ind. His letters contain accounts of camp life; reports of rumors he had heard; mentions of battles; comments on weather, illnesses among the troops, people in the vicinity, officers, news from home, lack of tobacco and writing material; mention of taking and guarding prisoners; mention of building a fort at Morganza Bend, La.; description of his weariness with soldiering and hopes for getting the fighting over with or for a furlough; and a comment on African-American brigades with them in April 1865. Also included is a letter, 1866, from Mollie A. Bushong to Andrew Minnick's sister, Sophie Minnick, describing a trip from New Castle, Ind., to Greenville, Va., and telling about her visit in Virginia.

Folder 3

Minnick letters #03185, Series: "Unit 3, 1862-1866." Folder 3

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 4, 7 May 1862.

1 item.

Purchased from Alvin Lohr of Hagerstown, Md., in December 1955.

Letter from John E. Bartlett, Battery F, 1st Rhode Island Volunteers, Burnside Expedition, to his cousin describing his situation, fruits and flowers, and his fellow soldiers and activities.

Folder 4

Bartlett letter #03185, Series: "Unit 4, 7 May 1862." Folder 4

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 5, 1862.

2 items.

Purchased from Emily Driscoll of New York, N.Y., in December 1955.

Letters from "Mark," a federal soldier serving in Virginia, describing a trip on a flat car from Camp Wade to Warrenton, Va.; the situation in Warrenton; the military threat; the morale of the two sides; and describing camp life and the good effect on morale produced by news of a new draft.

Folder 5

Letters from "Mark" #03185, Series: "Unit 5, 1862." Folder 5

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 6, 25 June 1861.

1 item.

Purchased from Charles Hamilton Autographs of New York, N.Y., in December 1955.

Letter from J. M. Drake of Company A, 4th Massachusetts Regiment, at Camp Butler, Newport News, Va., to his father, telling of his hopes that his company will be discharged soon; the wrongs done by U.S. Army soldiers in Virginia; his experiences when detailed to go under a flag of truce to bring back the dead following the battle of Bethel and his impression of Col. John Bankhead Magruder; discussion of the Battle of Big Bethel; experiences when detailed with a group to attempt to capture Col. Jones, C.S.A., at his house in the neighborhood.

Folder 6

Drake letter #03185, Series: "Unit 6, 25 June 1861." Folder 6

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 7, 1863-1865.

3 items.

Purchased from Alvin Lohr of Hagerstown, Md., in September 1956.

Letters from L. W. Coly, Company B, 8th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, one from camp near Nashville, Tenn., and two from camp ten miles from New Orleans, La., commenting on food, accommodations, health, troop activities, and the countryside.

Folder 7

Coly letters #03185, Series: "Unit 7, 1863-1865." Folder 7

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 8, 1863-1864.

5 items.

Purchased from Alvin Lohr of Hagerstown, Md., in May 1956.

Letters written by Maltby Linsley, Halsey Linsley, and James H. Linsley to relatives at Northford, Conn. Also included is one letter written by John S. Linsley to his wife while he was at a field hospital near Falmouth, Va., visiting his sons, John, who had been near death, and Maltby, who had been nursing John and who was also ill. The letters tell of illness, conditions in hospital tents, and eagerness to get back to active duty, and mention new recruits in the 10th Connecticut Regiment.

Folder 8

Linsley letters #03185, Series: "Unit 8, 1863-1864." Folder 8

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 9, 6 October 1862.

1 item.

Purchased from Alvin Lohr of Hagerstown, Md., in March 1956.

Letter from "Albert" at Point Pleasant, Va., to a friend about personal matters.

Folder 9

Letter from "Albert" #03185, Series: "Unit 9, 6 October 1862." Folder 9

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 10, 5 July 1865.

1 item.

Purchased from Alvin Lohr of Hagerstown, Md., in March 1956.

Letter from David Hafer at camp near Alexandria, Va., to his wife Sarah at Chambersburg, Pa., about waiting for his honorable discharge and pay, although many soldiers were leaving without it.

Folder 10

Hafer letter #03185, Series: "Unit 10, 5 July 1865." Folder 10

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 11, 1862.

2 items.

Purchased from Charles Hamilton Autographs of New York, N.Y., in March 1957.

Two letters from a Union soldier named Andrew from camp near Yorktown, Va., and from Camp Baker at Chickamauga, Miss., to Lizzie S. Lovejoy in Boston, Mass.

Folder 11

Andrew to Lizzie Lovjoy letters #03185, Series: "Unit 11, 1862." Folder 11

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 12, 21 September 1862.

1 item.

Purchased from Charles Hamilton Autographs of New York, N.Y., in March 1957.

Letter from Commodore Charles Henry Davis, commander of the Western Flotilla, to Lieutenant Commander Wilson McGunnigle at Cairo, Ill. Davis (1807-1877) was a naval officer and scientist from Massachusetts and was on the board planning the blockade of the South Atlantic coast. He occasionally commanded a flotilla of the Upper Mississippi and was occasionally head of the Bureau of Detail. He was the father-in-law of Brooks Adams and Henry Cabot Lodge.

Folder 12

Charles H. Davis letter #03185, Series: "Unit 12, 21 September 1862." Folder 12

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 13, 25 January 1863.

1 item.

Purchased from Charles Hamilton Autographs of New York, N.Y., in March 1957.

Letter from L. D. Perry in Sterling (Ill.?) to H. H. Kenyon in Granville (Penn.?) commenting on the war and the national situation, wheat and other crops, his longing for an honorable peace, and inquiring after old friends in Granville.

Folder 13

Perry letter #03185, Series: "Unit 13, 25 January 1863." Folder 13

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 14, 1863-1864.

3 items.

Purchased from Charles Hamilton Autographs of New York, N.Y., in March 1957.

Letters from Charles A. Phillips, Captain, 5th Massachusetts Battery, U.S. Volunteers, including one to an officer in Massachusetts getting conscripts for the battery, giving instructions about clothes and advising him to study a book on field artillery instruction; one to 2nd Lieutenant Nathan Appleton in Lynn, Mass., giving detailed instructions about what clothes and equipment to bring; and one to a fellow officer at home on leave with a wound, asking him to return or resign.

Folder 14

Phillips letters #03185, Series: "Unit 14, 1863-1864." Folder 14

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 15, Undated.

1 item.

Purchased from Charles Hamilton Autographs of New York, N.Y., in March 1957.

Letter from Libbie Dorleskie of Capac (Copake, N.Y.?) to her friend about mutual friends, relatives, the war, and the draft.

Folder 15

Dorleskie letter #03185, Series: "Unit 15, Undated." Folder 15

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 16, 1863-1865.

8 items.

Purchased from Charles Elder, Bookseller, of Nashville, Tenn., in May 1957.

Letters from Michael Green of Company K, 159th New York Volunteer Regiment, 19th Army Corps, 2nd Division, 2nd Brigade, serving in Louisiana and Virginia, to his wife Mary. The letters are concerned chiefly with his immediate personal needs, such as pay, liquor ration, and writing paper; prayer; hardships; speculation about the enemy's next move in his vicinity; and inquiries about family members.

Folder 16

Green letters #03185, Series: "Unit 16, 1863-1865." Folder 16

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 17, 1862.

3 items.

Received from Raymond H. Weill of New Orleans, La., in December 1957.

Letters from A. E. McDaniel and Thomas J. McDaniel to family and friends, principally about personal matters but touch upon marching, building breastworks, the position of troops, and being alerted to move or to fight. Two of the letters from May are from Tuscumbia, Ala., and near Corith, Miss., but the other has no location specified.

Folder 17

McDaniel letters #03185, Series: "Unit 17, 1862." Folder 17

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 18, 1861-1862.

6 items.

Purchased from Robert K. Black of Upper Montclair, N.J., in February 1958.

Letters addressed to the Reverend Alexander E. Thompson and Mrs. Thompson at New York, N.Y., and Bridgeport, Conn., from a soldier who signed himself "Johnnie." Johnnie was serving in the 9th Regiment of the Connecticut Volunteers in Louisiana and Mississippi. His letters describe the trip from Boston, Miss., to Ship Island, Miss.; life at Camp Parapet, La., and his observations of the home guard and bounty men; the trip from Camp Parapet, to Vicksburg, Miss., with camping, marching, foraging, and burning along the way; and the situation in Baton Rouge, La., after his unit withdrew from Vicksburg.

Folder 18

Thompson letters #03185, Series: "Unit 18, 1861-1862." Folder 18

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 19, 1862-1864.

2 items.

Purchased from G. H. Mathewson of Jackson, Ga., in March 1958.

Letters from James W. Craig serving in Pensacola, Fla., and Ship Island, Miss., to his wife describing the island and mentioning his helping to unload a cargo of horses.

Folder 19

Craig letters #03185, Series: "Unit 19, 1862-1864." Folder 19

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 20, 1862-1864.

3 items.

Purchased from G. H. Matthewson of Jackson, Ga., in March 1958.

Letters to Pleasant Griggs from G. Voorhis serving with Company D., 16th Regiment, Camp Morton, Indianapolis, concerning the discomfort of camp and paroled prisoners; from John Mathews at Coal Mouth, Va., about the desolation of the country; and from his son, James S. Griggs in Chattanooga, Tenn., who had been helping load boats but hoped to get back to his regiment by payday.

Folder 20

Griggs papers #03185, Series: "Unit 20, 1862-1864." Folder 20

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 21, 17 July 1862.

1 item.

Purchased from Alvin Lohr of Hagerstown, Md., in September 1958.

Letter from B. W. Mayo stationed at Camp Oliver in New Bern, N.C., to a friend about personal news and other boys from North Orange.

Folder 21

Mayo letter #03185, Series: "Unit 21, 17 July 1862." Folder 21

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 22, 30 August 1861.

1 item.

Purchased from Alvin Lohr of Hagerstown, Md., in September 1958.

Letter from R. P. Bush, Company D, 12th Regiment at Headquarters in Camp Onondaga, to a friend.

Folder 22

Bush letter #03185, Series: "Unit 22, 30 August 1861." Folder 22

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 23, 1865.

2 items.

Received from C. M. D. Thomas of Winnabow, N.C., in February 1960.

Letters from Jacob H. Horn, corporal in Company G, 1st North Carolina Union Volunteers stationed at Beaufort, N.C., to his sister Sydney A. Horn at Wilmington, N.C.

Folder 23

Horn letters #03185, Series: "Unit 23, 1865." Folder 23

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 24, 6 June 1863.

1 item.

Purchased from Robert K. Black, dealer of Upper Montclair, N.J., in January 1959.

Letter from "Gould," hospitalized in New Orleans, to a friend describing the siege of Port Hudson, La., where he was wounded in May and a third of his regiment, Company F, was lost. He also mentions the "red zouaves."

Folder 24

"Gould" letter #03185, Series: "Unit 24, 6 June 1863." Folder 24

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 25, 16 May 1864.

1 item.

Lent for copying by Bruce Webb of Clearwater, Fla., in June 1959.

Letter from F. Ramsden, 3rd Assistant Engineer, U.S.S. New Ironsides off Charleston, to his brother Robert Ramsden in Easton, Penn., discussing his hopes that his ship will soon be ordered home for repairs.

Folder 25

Ramsden letter #03185, Series: "Unit 25, 16 May 1864." Folder 25

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 26, 17 March 1862.

1 item.

Purchased from Alvin Lohr of Hagerstown, Md., in February 1960.

Letter written by Luther W. Randall of the Pennsylvania cavalry, from Camp Leslie in northern Virginia, to his sister, mentioning scouting to Fairfax, Centreville, and Bull Run; describing Confederate barracks at Centreville; and expressing his expectation that his unit would soon be sent to reinforce Burnside, Porter, and Smith's Divisions.

Folder 26

Randall letter #03185, Series: "Unit 26, 17 March 1862." Folder 26

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 27, 12 September 1862.

1 item.

Purchased from Alvin Lohr of Hagerstown, Md., in February 1960.

Letter written by Newell Leonard of Yorktown, Va., to a friend at Columbia or Sylvania (Bradford County, Penn.?) describing the past glory and present degradation of Virginia, the present military situation, the need to remove traitors in the Union Army, and his own health.

Folder 27

Leonard letter #03185, Series: "Unit 27, 12 September 1862." Folder 27

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 28, 1865.

2 item.

Purchased from Paul F. Hogg, dealer of Weatogue, Conn., in April 1960 and November 1963.

Letters written home by W. Rufus Noble, Company B, 203rd Pennsylvania Volunteers, telling of action and conditions at Jones Landing, Va.; news received from "Mac" about the assault on Fort Fisher where the 203rd participated; food, prices of commodities, weather, and shelter; living conditions on the voyage from Bermuda Hundred, Va., to Federal Point and at camp on the sand; and the appearance of the bombardment of Fort Fisher.

Folder 28

Noble letters #03185, Series: "Unit 28, 1865." Folder 28

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 29, Undated.

1 item.

Lent for copying by Frances L. Yocom of the University of North Carolina Library, Chapel Hill, N.C., in September 1960.

Parody on "The Bonnie Blue Flag" written by Lewis Sabin Outcalt of Ohio, who later lived in Illinois and California.

Folder 29

Outcalt letter (photostat) #03185, Series: "Unit 29, Undated." Folder 29

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 30, 24 November 1861.

1 item.

Purchased from Schindler's of Charleston, S.C., in March 1962.

Letter written by Captain James M. Chase, Camp Hale, Manchester, requesting Simon M. Sanborn to send written permission for his son to be mustered in.

Folder 30

Chase letter #03185, Series: "Unit 30, 24 November 1861." Folder 30

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 31, 24 March 1862.

1 item.

Purchased from Schindler's of Charleston, S.C., in March 1962.

Circular from the Office of the Signal Officer, Army of Potomac, Washington, warning against giving false alarms.

Folder 31

Special order #03185, Series: "Unit 31, 24 March 1862." Folder 31

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 32, 20 April 1862.

1 item.

Purchased from Schindler's of Charleston, S.C., in March 1962.

Brief note from Wilis, Company C, 78th Regiment, 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, stationed on the plains of Shiloh near Pittsburg Landing, to his wife at Zanesville.

Folder 32

Wilis letter #03185, Series: "Unit 32, 20 April 1862." Folder 32

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 33, 11 August 1862.

1 item.

Purchased from Schindler's of Charleston, S.C., in March 1962.

Special Order from Camp Carlile Headquarters ordering the arrest of Colonel Elijah Morgan.

Folder 33

Special order #03185, Series: "Unit 33, 11 August 1862." Folder 33

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 34, 27 September 1863.

1 item.

Purchased from Schindler's of Charleston, S.C., in March 1962.

No restrictions. Open for research.

Letter written by J. B. Frankenberry, Company B, 62nd Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, at camp near Culpeper, to a friend (at Uniontown?), inquiring about news from home and the draft.

Folder 34

Frankenberry letter #03185, Series: "Unit 34, 27 September 1863." Folder 34

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 35, 24 May 1864.

1 item.

Purchased from Schindler's of Charleston, S.C., in March 1962.

Letter from Simon A. McCartney, Martinsburg, W.Va., with Company D, 14th Pennsylvania Cavalry, to Mr. I. P. Conn (at Spring Hill?) about picketing and guarding trains, recent fighting in the Valley of Virginia, description of the country, and the destruction of property and crops.

Folder 35

McCartney letter #03185, Series: "Unit 35, 24 May 1864." Folder 35

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 36, 1861-1862.

4 items.

Purchased from Schindler's of Charleston, S.C., in March 1962.

Letters from Willard S. Woodis to his sister Catherine, written while he was serving with the U.S. Army in Virginia, 1861-1862. Woodis was in charge of a wagon and team of horses traveling from place to place in Virginia and was on the battlefields or close to them during engagements. He wrote vivid accounts of the scenes around him, including a letter from Camp Homes, Halls Hill, Va. (near Washington, D.C.), telling of picket duty near Fairfax; one from Camp Willson, Halls Hill, Va., telling of a terrible storm; one from Halls Hill, Va., describing several months in the costal part of Virginia, a series of rapid moves, an assignment at the Manassas battlefield, and a difficult trip northwards from Manassas; and one from near Sharpsburg commenting on the miseries of war and Woodis's admiration for General George McClellan.

Folder 36

Woodis letters #03185, Series: "Unit 36, 1861-1862." Folder 36

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 37, 1863-1864.

2 items.

Purchased from Schindler's of Charleston, S.C., in March 1962.

Letters from Benjamin C. Sparrow from Culpeper and Petersburg, Va., to his cousin, Lucy A. S. Snow, describing building a shanty for winter quarters; moves in the vicinity of northern Virginia; and comments on the war in general.

Folder 37

Sparrow letters #03185, Series: "Unit 37, 1863-1864." Folder 37

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 38, 1864-1865.

2 items.

Purchased from Schindler's of Charleston, S.C., in March 1962.

Letters from Alfred S. Roe, Company A, 9th New York Artillery, 6th Corps, to his parents, probably at Fulton, N.Y.; one, 25 May 1864, North Anna River, Va., describing the Fredericksburg area; and another, 14 September 1865, Alexandria, Va., giving advice to his parents about the store at Fulton.

Folder 38

Roe letters #03185, Series: "Unit 38, 1864-1865." Folder 38

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 39, 31 March 1862.

1 item.

Purchased from Schindler's of Charleston, S.C., in September 1962.

Letter, written by Lieutenant A. H. Botkin, U.S. Army, at Gallatin, Tenn., where action was at a standstill. He lambasted Copperheads, spoke of the Unionists in the vicinity of Gallatin, and noted that his wife Martha was with him. The letter is addressed to Mr. and Mrs. Bushey, possibly his sister and brother-in-law.

Folder 39

Botkin letter #03185, Series: "Unit 39, 31 March 1862." Folder 39

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 40, 20 February 1862.

1 item.

Transferred from the North Carolina Confederate Papers (#551) and originally received from Winston Broadfoot in 1957.

Letters from Henry Sturges on the U.S. steamer Mount Vernon off Wilmington, N.C., to a friend describing his surroundings and recent activities.

Folder 40

Sturges letter #03185, Series: "Unit 40, 20 February 1862." Folder 40

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 41, 2 February 1864.

1 item.

Purchased from Carnegie Book Shop of New York, N.Y., in October 1963.

Letter from Major N. G. Axtell, 142nd Regiment, New York Volunteers stationed at Kiawah Island, S.C., to Henry Coppee (1821-1895), author, at that time editor of the U.S. Service Magazine, offering to submit for publication sketches of the progress in the Department of the South and also a history of the siege of Charleston he was working on. Axtell said he was writing in response to the urging of his commanding officer General Truman Seymour (1824-1891), brevet brigadier general and brevet major general during the Civil War.

Folder 41

Axtell letter #03185, Series: "Unit 41, 2 February 1864." Folder 41

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 42, 18 April 1862.

1 item.

Purchased from Louis Ginsberg of Petersburg, Va., in December 1979.

Letter from Joseph M. Efllem in New Bern, N.C., to his cousin discussing rumors that General Beauregard had been wounded and General Johnson killed and telling about rebels surrendering to General Burnside.

Folder 42

Efllem letter #03185, Series: "Unit 42, 18 April 1862." Folder 42

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 43, 16 November 1862.

1 item.

Purchased from Cohasco, Inc., in January 1979.

Letter from a Union soldier of Company G, 44th Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteers, New England Guards, from Camp Stevenson, New Bern, N.C. He described the occupation of North Carolina, the hardships the soldiers had endured, and the attitude of the freed slaves, and asked for news of home.

Folder 43

[Marie?] letter #03185, Series: "Unit 43, 16 November 1862." Folder 43

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 44, 6 April 1863.

1 item.

Purchased from Cohasco, Inc., in January 1979.

Union soldier's letter, written in camp, New Bern, N.C., 6 April 1863, discussing the Confederate blockade of the river and the Union occupation of the town. The letter also mentions the free time the soldier (Carl) had for leisure and socializing with the townspeople.

Folder 44

"Carl" letter #03185, Series: "Unit 44, 6 April 1863." Folder 44

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 45, 1865.

2 items.

Purchase from Cohasco, Inc., in January 1979.

Two letters from Union soldier Theodore W. Skinner to the "Folks at Home." The letter of 16 January 1865 is from camp near Fort Fisher, N.C., and discussed the capture of the fort. The letter of 23 February 1865 is from Wilmington, N.C., and describes the capture of the city.

Folder 45

Skinner letter #03185, Series: "Unit 45, 1865." Folder 45

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 46, 1865.

2 items.

Received from Linda Textoris of Chapel Hill, N.C., in November 1978.

Letters from John L. Barcus to his brother while stationed at Camp Carrington and Wilmington, N.C., reporting that he might be sent to Georgia and describing the fighting at Wilmington. Included is a stanza of a drinking song.

Folder 46

Barcus letters #03185, Series: "Unit 46, 1865." Folder 46

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 47, 13 February 1890.

1 item.

Transferred from the North Carolina Collection in May 1986.

Letter to Capt. H. N. Newton from Samuel Roberts, major of the 72nd Regiment of the Pennsylvania Volunteers. Roberts comments in detail on inaccuracies in an abstract from the report of William Arch McClean, master in the equity case between the 72nd Regiment and the Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association, published in the "Gettysburg Compiler." Roberts described in detail the 72nd Regiment's position at the Battle of Gettysburg; the letter also includes a sketch of the various positions of participating regiments.

Folder 47

Roberts letter #03185, Series: "Unit 47, 13 February 1890." Folder 47

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 48, 25 March 1870.

1 item.

Received from Sarah A. Duque of Brea, Ca., in November 1985.

Letter from Edward Pennington Pearson, Jr., of Reading, Pa., to his mother, Frederica Smith Pearson, providing a brief description of Raleigh, N.C., during Reconstruction from the point of view of a Union soldier. Pearson also commented on the Ku-Klux Klan's activities.

Folder 48

Pearson letter #03185, Series: "Unit 48, 25 March 1870." Folder 48

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 49, 16 April 1865.

1 item.

Purchased from Cohasco, Inc., of New York, N.Y., in October 1977.

Letter, 16 April 1865, from I. (Shoger?) in Raleigh, N.C., to his wife reporting his experiences in North Carolina around the time of Lee's surrender. He wrote that the announcement of the surrender was "redd by Genl Sherman in front of the Court House" in Smithfield, and that the soldiers then "threw up thair hats and chreed [sic] with all thair might. they got a negro on a blanket and threw him ten feet." Johnston's departure from Raleigh and the surrender of that city by "the mayor and counsil" are also mentioned.

Folder 49

[Shoger?] letter #03185, Series: "Unit 49, 16 April 1865." Folder 49

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 50, 1 July 1862.

1 item.

Purchased from Cohasco, Inc., of New York, N.Y., in November 1975.

Letter from James(?) Shattuck in New Bern, N.C., to his mother describing the march of his regiment from Washington to New Bern and telling of plans to march to Goldsboro to cut off the Confederate retreat from Richmond and that the citizens of Washington regretted the regiment's departure.

Folder 50

Shattuck letter #03185, Series: "Unit 50, 1 July 1862." Folder 50

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 51, April 1863.

1 item.

Purchased from Cohasco, Inc., of New York, N.Y., in March 1972.

Letter, 17 April 1863, written to William L. Whitney of Cambridge, Mass., from his son in the Union army stationed at Washington, N.C., describing the departure of "The Rebs," and of his present situation. Also included is a copy of General Foster's Order commending the troops, 14 April 1863.

Folder 51

Whitney letters #03185, Series: "Unit 51, April 1863." Folder 51

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 52, 13 November 1864.

1 item.

Purchased from Paul F. Hogg, dealer of Weatogue, Conn., in March 1966.

Letter from W. W. McKnight, Company E, 175th Ohio Volunteers in the hospital for jaundice at Columbia, Tenn., to his friend John Heaton in Pincastle, Ohio, describing his illness and the hometown boys in Company E and inquiring about the draft in Pincastle.

Folder 52

McKnight letter #03185, Series: "Unit 52, 13 November 1864." Folder 52

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 53, Undated.

1 item.

Unknown.

Certificate of the oath of allegiance to the United States for John Jones of Prince Edward County.

Folder 53

Jones certificate of oath #03185, Series: "Unit 53, Undated." Folder 53

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 54, 1861-1862.

9 items.

Received from Mrs. Jackson M. Sneed of Richmond, Va., in June 1977. According to Mrs. Sneed, these letters were taken from the body of a Yankee soldier killed during the Battle of Seven Pines-Cold Harbor by her uncle, W. H. S. Burgwyn, who was wounded and captured during the battle.

Letters and fragments said to have been taken by William Hyslop Summer Burgwyn (1845-1913) from the body of a dead Union soldier. Some letters apparently had been sent to J. G. (George) Smith, who was from Massachusetts or Rhode Island. It is not clear whether all the letters belonged to the same person. The letters principally contain family and local news from people, possibly relatives and friends, in Maine, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts. One letter and two fragments were written by Patrick Conway with the Union army on Waxsaw Island, Ga.

Folder 54

Seven Pines letters #03185, Series: "Unit 54, 1861-1862." Folder 54

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 55, 16 February 1862.

1 item.

Purchased from Louis Ginsberg of Petersburg, Va., in July 1986.

Letter from Whittier(?), a U.S. Army soldier at Hilton Head, S.C., to his mother, Polly Whittier, describing the Union camp at Hilton Head. The writer stated that there were a number of blacks in the area and that he believed that the Union should use them in some productive way. Whittier commented that the blacks would starve to death if not for the soldiers, and stated that he had been informed by several former slaves that their masters had not beaten them as he had been told at home.

Folder 55

[Whittier?] letter #03185, Series: "Unit 55, 16 February 1862." Folder 55

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 56, 1862-1863.

2 items.

Purchased from Cohasco, Inc., in October 1986.

Letter dated 7 July 1862 to "Dear Sister" from A. F. Cowles describing brutal fighting conditions along the James River near Richmond, Va. Letter dated 25 December 1863 to "Dear Brother" from D. S. Cowles describing fighting conditions near Vicksburg, Miss.

Folder 56

Cowles letters #03185, Series: "Unit 56, 1862-1863." Folder 56

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 57, 1863.

1 item.

Purchased from Cohasco, Inc., in October 1986.

From dealer's catalog: "Letter of Private Albert Morton Hayward, Company H, 7th Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, in June 1863 from Lincoln Hospital, Washington, D.C., describing his journey from a Fredericksburg, Va., hospital to the Capitol by steamer. Hayward, a 22-year-old Boston wheelwright, joined the Federal forces on 30 August 1862. He was severely wounded in the hand during General John Sedgwick's assault and capture of Marye's Heights (Second Battle of Fredericksburg), during the Battle of Chancellorsville in May 1863. His regiment was noted for its part in the assault, losing 150 of 400 men in the first volley. Hayward spent four months in Federal hospitals before returning to duty in September 1863. He never realized his wish to become a member of the Invalid Corps and was mustered out on 27 June 1864 after participating in the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, and Cold Harbor campaigns."

Folder 57

Hayward letter #03185, Series: "Unit 57, 1863." Folder 57

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 58, 1863.

1 item.

Unknown.

Letter to "My dear parents" from Charles Garlick(?) of the 8th Regiment, Connecticut Volunteers, from a camp near Portsmouth, Va., about his poor health and fighting in the area.

Folder 58

[Garlick?] letter #03185, Series: "Unit 58, 1863." Folder 58

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 59, 1861.

1 item.

Unknown.

Letter from Simon M. Sanborn certifying that his son Harrison Sanborn was eighteen years of age and has his father's consent to enlist in the army.

Folder 59

Sanborn letter #03185, Series: "Unit 59, 1861." Folder 59

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 60, 1862.

1 item.

Purchased from Cohasco, Inc., in October 1986.

Letter dated 28 December 1862 from William P. Davis to "Friend Durang." Davis was in camp near Bells Plains, Va., and wrote of conditions in the area.

Folder 60

Davis letter #03185, Series: "Unit 60, 1862." Folder 60

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 61, 18 May [1864?]..

1 item.

Purchased from Cohasco, Inc., in October 1986.

Letter from Thomas Parsons to his uncle giving details of fighting near Peace Camp, Va., and listing prices for various goods in Virginia.

Folder 61

Parsons letter #03185, Series: "Unit 61, 18 May [1864?].." Folder 61

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 62, 1862.

1 item.

Unknown.

Letter dated 7-12 October 1862 from "T. T. Mc" to Miss Eley. The writer largely discussed his health and made general conversation.

Folder 62

[Mc?] letter #03185, Series: "Unit 62, 1862." Folder 62

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Unit 63, 19 March 1863.

1 item.

Purchased from Historical Collectible Auctions in September 2005 (Acc. 100241).

Letter dated 19 March 1863 from Charles W. Hill, serving with the 5th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry in New Bern, N.C., to his wife Martha Hill in West Medway, Mass. Letter mentions military movements of his regiment and brigade, dislike of a superior officer's mishandling of soldiers' pay, a conversation with Confederate General J. Johnston Pettigrew's servant who had recently escaped, and general morale.

Folder 63

Hill letter #03185, Series: "Unit 63, 19 March 1863." Folder 63

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Processing Information

Processed by: Suzanne Ruffing and SHC Staff, July 1996, 2006

Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008

Finding aid updated for digitization by Kathryn Michaelis, September 2010

This collection was processed with support from the Randleigh Foundation Trust.

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