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Collection Number: 05161

Collection Title: James A. Felton and Annie Vaughan Felton Papers, 1938-2010

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


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Size 1.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 900 items)
Abstract James A. Felton was an author, teacher, counselor, and civic leader in Hertford County, N.C. In the 1960s, he was a founder of the People's Program on Poverty, an African American organization created to study and fight poverty on the grass-roots level in northeastern North Carolina. Felton was also instrumental in the restoration and establishment of the C. S. Brown Regional Cultural Arts Center and Museum, which opened in Winton, N.C., in 1986. In 1947, Felton married Annie Vaughan. The collection contains correspondence; programs for meetings and events held by educational, religious, and civic organizations; and newspaper clippings describing James A. Felton's civic contributions in Hertford County, N.C. Best documented are activities related to the C. S. Brown Regional Cultural Arts Center and Museum in Winton, N.C., and the People's Program on Poverty. Also included are a short biography of Annie Vaughan Felton and some materials that she collected after her husband's death. Photographs show James A. Felton throughout his adult life with his family, his colleagues, and his students at the Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers Training Center. The Addition of August 2014 consists of personal and professional papers of James A. Felton and Annie Vaughan Felton, chiefly relating to civic engagments, including the C. S. Brown Cultural Arts Center and Museum, People's Program on Poverty, the North Carolina Family Life Council, and the Montford Point Marine Association, a non profit veterans association. Documents include correspondence, sermons, event programs, photographs, reports, and newsletters.
Creator Felton, James A. (James Andrew), 1919-1994.



Felton, Annie Vaughan.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the James A. Felton and Annie Vaughan Felton Papers #5161, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Annie Vaughan Felton of Winton, N.C., in May 2004 (Acc. 99798) and in August 2014 (Acc. 102083).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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James Andrew Felton was born on 6 July 1919 in Hertford, Perquimans County, N.C. After spending almost three years in the United States Marine Corps as a member of the Montford Point Marines, he earned his B.S. from Elizabeth City State Teachers College (now Elizabeth City State University) and his M.A. from North Carolina College at Durham (now North Carolina Central University). He taught in the Greene and Hertford County school systems for 20 years, and, in 1965 he published Fruits of Enduring Faith, a story that dramatizes the human issues behind the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

In the mid-1960s, Felton and Reverend John L. Scott of New Ahoskie Baptist Church formed the People's Program on Poverty, an African American organization created to study and fight poverty on the grass-roots level. Through his work in this program, Felton founded the first Family Training Center in the United States. During this time, he was also actively involved in organizations such as the President's Commission on Rural Poverty, the North Carolina Family Life Council, and a local chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

In 1980, Felton established the C. S. Brown School Auditorium Restoration Association to restore Brown Hall, a building that had been part of the campus of Chowan Academy, an African American school founded in 1886 by Calvin Scott Brown. The C. S. Brown Regional Cultural Arts Center and Museum in Winton, N.C., opened in 1986.

James A. Felton married Annie Vaughan on 3 August 1947. They had six children: James Andrew, Jr., Keith, Maria, Sharon, Michele, and Camilla. James A. Felton died in Winton, N.C., on 6 October 1994.

For additional information about James A. Felton, see Who's Who Among Black Americans, 1st edition, 1975-1976.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection consists of materials documenting teacher and community activist James A. Felton's life, focusing on his civic activities and achievements, especially those related to the C. S. Brown Regional Cultural Arts Center and Museum and the People's Program on Poverty. It includes correspondence; programs for meetings and events held by educational, religious, and civic organizations; and newspaper clippings describing Felton's civic contributions in Hertford County, N.C. Also included are a short biography of Annie Vaughan Felton and some materials that she collected after her husband's death. Photographs show James A. Felton throughout his adult life with his family, his colleagues, and his students at the Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers Training Center. The Addition of August 2014 consists of personal and professional papers of James A. Felton and Annie Vaughan Felton, chiefly relating to civic engagments, including the C. S. Brown Cultural Arts Center and Museum, People's Program on Poverty, the North Carolina Family Life Council, and the Montford Point Marines. Documents include correspondence, sermons, event programs, photographs, reports, and newsletters.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Papers, 1938-2003.

About 200 items.

Arrangement: alphabetical.

Letters, certificates, programs, and newspaper clippings documenting James A. Felton's civic activities. The papers also include a short biography of Annie Vaughan Felton and some materials that she collected after her husband's death.

The videotapes include a tape of C. S. Brown Cultural Arts Center documentation; a tape of James A. Felton's funeral, 1994; and a tape of the highway dedication for James A. Felton, Winton, N.C., 22 May 1998.

Box 1

Folder 1

Biography, 1943-1994 #05161, Series: "1. Papers, 1938-2003." Box 1, Folder 1

Box 1

Folder 2

Civic activity, 1947-2003 #05161, Series: "1. Papers, 1938-2003." Box 1, Folder 2

Box 1

Folder 3

Correspondence, 1951-1994 #05161, Series: "1. Papers, 1938-2003." Box 1, Folder 3

Box 1

Folder 4

C. S. Brown Regional Cultural Arts Center amd Museum, 1986-2003 #05161, Series: "1. Papers, 1938-2003." Box 1, Folder 4

Box 1

Folder 5

Highway dedication ceremony, 1998 #05161, Series: "1. Papers, 1938-2003." Box 1, Folder 5

Box 1

Folder 6

Marine Corps, 1967-1994 #05161, Series: "1. Papers, 1938-2003." Box 1, Folder 6

Box 1

Folder 7

Membership cards, 1955-1992 #05161, Series: "1. Papers, 1938-2003." Box 1, Folder 7

Box 1

Folder 8

Newspaper clippings, 1952-1994 #05161, Series: "1. Papers, 1938-2003." Box 1, Folder 8

Box 1

Folder 9

People's Program on Poverty, 1968, 1986 #05161, Series: "1. Papers, 1938-2003." Box 1, Folder 9

Box 1

Folder 10

Writings and related information, undated #05161, Series: "1. Papers, 1938-2003." Box 1, Folder 10

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Pictures, late 1930s-1998.

About 80 items.

Photographs of James A. Felton throughout his adult life. They show him with his family, his colleagues, and his students at the Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers Training Center. In addition, several photos show the highway dedication and street naming ceremonies honoring Felton after his death.

Image Folder P-5161/1

C. S. Brown Regional Cultural Arts Center and Museum #05161, Series: "2. Pictures, late 1930s-1998." P-5161/1

Image Folder P-5161/2

Highway dedication and street-naming ceremonies #05161, Series: "2. Pictures, late 1930s-1998." P-5161/2

Image Folder P-5161/3

Life #05161, Series: "2. Pictures, late 1930s-1998." P-5161/3

Image Folder P-5161/4

Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers Training Center #05161, Series: "2. Pictures, late 1930s-1998." P-5161/4

Image Folder P-5161/5

People's Program on Poverty #05161, Series: "2. Pictures, late 1930s-1998." P-5161/5

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Additions

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Addition of August 2014

About 600 items.

Arrangement: alphabetical.

The Addition of August 2014 consists of personal and professional papers of James A. Felton and Annie Vaughan Felton, chiefly relating to civic engagments, including the C. S. Brown Cultural Arts Center and Museum, People's Program on Poverty, the North Carolina Family Life Council, and the Montford Point Marine Association. Documents include correspondence, sermons, event programs, photographs, reports, and newsletters.

Box 2

Folder 11-12

Folder 11

Folder 12

Calvin Scott Brown, 1981-2005 #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 2, Folder 11-12

Contains scattered administrative material, including agendas, meeting minutes, reports, brochures, newsletters, and material documenting various events hosted by the Calvin Scott Brown Regional Cultural Arts Center and Museum, including programs, clippings, and fliers.

Oversize Paper OP-5161

Calvin Scott Brown, undated #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" OP-5161

Contains large images of buildings on the C. S. Brown School campus.

Box 2

Folder 13

Clippings, 1965-2008 #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 2, Folder 13

Primarily related to activities of James A. Felton; also included are an obituary for him, 6 October 1994, and an article, 2008, about recipients of a scholarship established in his memory.

Box 2

Folder 14

Correspondence, 1963-1969, 1981, 1991 #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 2, Folder 14

Includes three unrelated letters from Julius Chambers, one pertaining to the People's Program on Poverty, 1966. Also includes a copy of a letter to Mayor Charles Evers of Fayette, Miss., related to the People's Program on Poverty, 1969.

Box 2

Folder 15

Hammocks Beach Drama Committee, 1968-1970 #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 2, Folder 15

Contains letters from individuals at the University of North Carolina Institute of Outdoor Drama, including Paul Green and Mark R. Sumner, related to a proposed Hammocks Beach Performing Arts Institute. James A. Felton was a member of the Hammocks Beach Drama Committee.

Box 2

Folder 16

Lorenzo Jones poetry, 1992 and undated #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 2, Folder 16

Box 2

Folder 17

North Carolina and Choanoke Area Family Life Councils, 1975-1988 #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 2, Folder 17

Includes notes, bylaws, programs, and a brochure. James A. Felton and Annie Vaughan Felton were involved in these organizations.

Box 2

Folder 18

North Carolina Ministers' Wives and Ministers' Widows Association, 1982, 2002-2010 #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 2, Folder 18

Includes programs, a report, and a membership directory.

Box 2

Folder 19

North Carolina Teachers' Association and Hertford County Teachers' Association, 1949-1965 #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 2, Folder 19

Includes scattered programs, a letter, a newsletter, and a certificate of participation.

Box 2

Folder 20

People's Program on Poverty, 1968, 1974 #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 2, Folder 20

Contains reports and a grant proposal.

Film F-5161/1

President's Committee on Poverty film, 1967 #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" F-5161/1

Prepared by James A. Felton and Leon Vaughan; shown in Washington, D.C.

Box 2

Folder 21

Photographs: Family Life Training Center, Rich Square, N.C., Migrant Seasonal Farmworkers Association Training Center, 1976-1987 #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 2, Folder 21

Box 2

Folder 22

Photographs: James A. Felton highway dedication, 1998 #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 2, Folder 22

Box 2

Folder 23

Photographs: Local community, 1950s-1970s #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 2, Folder 23

Box 3

Folder 24

Photographs: Montford Point Marines, 1943 and undated #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 3, Folder 24

Box 3

Folder 25

Photographs: People's Program on Poverty, 1960s-1980s and undated #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 3, Folder 25

Box 3

Folder 26

Photographs: Personal, 1940s-1980s #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 3, Folder 26

Box 3

Folder 27

Photographs: James A. Felton portraits and college photographs, 1939-1980s #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 3, Folder 27

Box 3

Folder 28

Photographs: Schools: C. S. Brown and Zachariah, 1940s-1980s #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 3, Folder 28

Box 3

Folder 29

Photographs: Schools: Mill Neck, 1952-1953 and undated #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 3, Folder 29

Box 3

Folder 30

Recognitions, 1953-1987, 1994 (bulk 1980s) #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 3, Folder 30

Awards, certificates, commendations, and tributes received by James A. Felton.

Box 3

Folder 31-33

Folder 31

Folder 32

Folder 33

Sermons, 1960s-1980s #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 3, Folder 31-33

Three folders of sermons delivered by James A. Felton, some typed, many handwritten, most of which are on smaller pieces of paper.

Box 3

Folder 34

Water and road conditions in Halifax and Bertie Counties, 1962-1979 #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 3, Folder 34

Scattered meeting minutes, meeting notes, and a resolution regarding water and road conditions.

Box 3

Folder 35

Writings, undated #05161, Subseries: "Addition of August 2014" Box 3, Folder 35

Includes handwritten autobiography of James A. Felton.

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Processing Information

Processed by: Elise Allison, March 2005

Encoded by: Elise Allison, March 2005

Finding aid updated in September 2015 by Jodi Berkowitz because of addition.

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