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Collection Number: 00265

Collection Title: Francis Levin Fries Papers, 1850-1925.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


This collection was processed with support from the Randleigh Foundation Trust.

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Size 1.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 600 items)
Abstract Architect, pioneer cotton manufacturer, state legislator, of North Carolina. Chiefly business correspondence and papers, 1850-1869. Included are Fries's correspondence as president of the Haw River Company, millers of flour, and of a cotton mill in Salem, N.C., with Thomas Michael Holt (1831-1896) of the Granite Cotton Factory; company account books showing records of grain bought and flour sold; and a letterpress copybook, 1862, of J. A. Lineback of the Haw River Factory. Letters after 1863 are addressed to Henry William Fries (1825-1905), brother of Francis Fries.
Creator Fries, Francis Levin, 1812-1863.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Francis Levin Fries Papers #265, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Adelaide Fries before 1940 and Louis Shaffner of Winston-Salem, N.C., in 1978.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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Chiefly business correspondence and papers, 1850-1869. Included are Fries's correspondence as president of the Haw River Company, millers of flour, and of a cotton mill in Salem, N.C., with Thomas Michael Holt (1831-1896) of the Granite Cotton Factory; company account books showing records of grain bought and flour sold; and a letterpress copybook, 1862, of J. A. Lineback of the Haw River Factory. Letters after 1863 are addressed to Henry William Fries (1825-1905), brother of Francis Fries.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Business Papers, 1850-1925.

About 600 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Business papers, chiefly 1850-1869, of Francis Fries, president of the Haw River (Grist) Mill and Cotton Mill, including correspondence with Thomas M. Holt of the Granite Cotton Factory. After 1863, the papers are addressed to Fries's brother, Henry W. Fries.

Folder 1

1850-1857 #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 1

Folder 2

1858: January-October #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 2

Folder 3

1858: November-December #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 3

Folder 4

1859: January-April #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 4

Folder 5

1859: May-December #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 5

Folder 6

1860: January-June #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 6

Folder 7

1860: July-September #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 7

Folder 8

1860: October-December #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 8

Folder 9

1861: January-March #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 9

Folder 10

1861: April-July #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 10

Folder 11

1861: August-December #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 11

Folder 12

1862: January-April #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 12

Folder 13

1862: May-December #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 13

Folder 14

1863-1866 #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 14

Folder 15

1867 #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 15

Folder 16

1868 #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 16

Folder 17

1869 #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 17

Folder 18

1870-1873 #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 18

Folder 19

1901-1925 and undated #00265, Series: "1. Business Papers, 1850-1925." Folder 19

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Volumes, 1840-1862.

4 items.
Folder 20

Volume 1: 1856-1872 #00265, Series: "2. Volumes, 1840-1862." Folder 20

Haw River Company General Ledger. 120 pp.

Folder 21

Volume 2: 1860-1862 #00265, Series: "2. Volumes, 1840-1862." Folder 21

Lettercopy book of Julius A. Lineback of the Haw River Factory. 500 pp.

Folder 22

Volume 3: 1862 #00265, Series: "2. Volumes, 1840-1862." Folder 22

Blotter for Haw River Company with records of grain bought and flour sold. 50 pp.

Folder 23

Volume 4: 1840 #00265, Series: "2. Volumes, 1840-1862." Folder 23

Diary of Francis Fries with daily accounts of the construction and operation of his woolen mill in Salem, N.C. He apparently built the mill himself with the help of his own and his father's slaves and his diary notes both the specific work done each day and who did it, as well as other work done by the slaves during the same period. Beginning in August, there are accounts of wool purchased or brought for spinning from local farmers, the daily operation of the mill, and expansion and adjustments to the building and machinery. 7 pp.

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Processing Information

Processed by: Suzanne Ruffing, September 1996

Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008

This collection was processed with support from the Randleigh Foundation Trust.

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