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Collection Number: 04912

Collection Title: Ernest B. Furgurson Papers (#4912) 1950-1985

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


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Size About 500 items (2.0 linear feet)
Abstract Ernest B. Furgurson is an author and reporter. He is the former chief of the Baltimore Sun 's Washington Bureau. He has written books on the Civil War, including Ashes of Glory: Richmond at War (1996), Chancellorsville, 1863: the Souls of the Brave (1992), and two biographies: Westmoreland: The Inevitable General (1968) and Hard Right: The Rise of Jesse Helms (1986). This collection consists of materials assembled by Ernest B. Furgurson while researching Hard Right: The Rise of Jesse Helms. There are many notes, transcripts of interviews with people who knew Jesse Helms, and materials relating to conservative political organizations like the Congressional Club. There are also materials from the 1950 North Carolina United States Senate election campaign that pitted Democrat Willis Smith, for whom Helms worked, against Frank Porter Graham, and from Helms's own Senate races as a Republican beginning in 1972. Furgurson also collected articles about Helms, transcripts of Helms's WRAL editorials, articles and speeches written by Helms, and other material.
Creator Furgurson, Ernest B., 1929- .
Language English.
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Provenance
Received from Ernest B. Furgurson of Washington, D.C. in February 1998 (Acc. 98030).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Ernest B. Furgurson was born in 1929 in Danville, Va. He was graduated from Columbia University in 1952 and received a graduate degree the following year. He worked as a reporter in Danville and in Richmond before moving to the Baltimore Sun in 1956. After serving as White House correspondent from 1964 to1968, he began to write his own national affairs column in 1969. He then became chief of the Sun's Washington Bureau.

Fugurson has published Westmoreland: The Inevitable General (1968), Hard Right: The Rise of Jesse Helms (1986), Chancellorsville, 1863: The Souls of the Brave (1992), and Ashes of Glory: Richmond at War (1996).

Material in this collection relates to Jesse Helms, who was born in Monroe, N.C., on 18 October 1921. He attended Wingate Junior College and Wake Forest University. From 1942 to1945, he served in the United States Navy. Helms worked as a journalist, became involved in politics, and obtained a job as political commentator for WRAL in Raleigh, N.C. His editorials were known for their conservative tone. Helms worked on the 1950 United States Senate race in support of Democratic Party candidate Willis Smith. Later, Helms switched his political allegiance to the Republican Party.

In 1972, Helms ran for and won a seat in the United States Senate, defeating Nick Galifianakis. In 1978, he successfully defended his seat against John Ingram. In 1984, in one of the most bitter and heated contests in North Carolina history, Helms retained his seat, defeating Governor James B. Hunt. In 1990 and in 1996, Helms won against Harvey Gantt, who had been mayor of Charlotte, N.C.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

This collection consists of materials assembled by Ernest B. Furgurson in the research for his book, Hard Right: The Rise of Jesse Helms. There are many notes, transcripts of interviews with people who knew Jesse Helms, and materials relating to conservative political organizations like the Congressional Club. There are also materials from the 1950 North Carolina United States Senate election campaign that pitted Democrat Willis Smith, for whom Helms worked, against Frank Porter Graham, and from Helms's own Senate races as a Republican beginning in 1972. There are many notes, including transcripts of interviews with people who know Jesse Helms. Furgurson also collected articles about Helms, transcripts of Helms's WRAL editorials, articles and speeches written by Helms, and other material.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence, 1981-1985.

About 100 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Fundraising letters from the Congressional Club to Jesse Helms's supporters and letters Furgurson wrote to various sources for information about Helms. Some responses are included.

Folder 1

Correspondence #04912, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1981-1985. " Folder 1

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Subject Files, 1960-1985.

About 300 items.

Arrangement: by subject.

Folder 2

Church, 1961-1984. Fugurson's notes; correspondence; a church bulletin from Furgurson's visit to Helms's church; WRAL editorials; People for the American Way press releases; speeches relating to the growth of church involvement in politics; and a play celebrating the history of the United Church in Raleigh, which refers to Helms's opposition to the active and liberal role the United Church took in politics. About 15 items. #04912, Series: "2. Subject Files, 1960-1985. " Folder 2

Folder 3-7

Folder 3

Folder 4

Folder 5

Folder 6

Folder 7

Washington, D.C., groups, 1976-1985. Notes, photocopies of articles of incorporation for various groups, and photocopies of the Senate Public Financial Disclosure Report on Helms's aides in Washington, D.C. Each group has a folder than contains press releases and public inspection copies of tax records, powers of attorney, by-laws, and applications for recognition of exemption under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code (tax-free status for nonprofit organizations). Included are files on the American Family Institute, the Center for Free Society, the Institute of American Relations, and the Institute on Money and Inflation. About 40 items. #04912, Series: "2. Subject Files, 1960-1985. " Folder 3-7

Folder 8

Domestic issues, 1980-1985. Correspondence from the Congressional Club, an AFL-CIO bulletin, a People for the American Way newsletter, and the Federal Election Commission record of the candidates that the National Congressional Club supported and how much funding each received. Also included is an issue of the Tobacco Observer, a transcript of a speech by Helms, and letters from Helms. About 20 items. #04912, Series: "2. Subject Files, 1960-1985. " Folder 8

Folder 9-10

Folder 9

Folder 10

Foreign policy, 1977-1985. Furgurson's notes; drafts of two chapters; press releases from Helms's office; letters from Helms to supporters; a letter and reports from the Population Crisis Committee to Furgurson; photocopies of a letter from several senators, including Helms, to President Reagan opposing the nomination of Winston Lord as ambassador to China and Reagan's response; photocopies of articles from El Mercurio, a Santiago, Chile, newspaper, about Helms; public inspection copies of tax forms from the American Educational Legal Defense Fund, 1972-1978; a reprint from the Albuquerque Journal entitled "Salvadoran Rightists: The Deadly Patriots"; and a program from the Jesse Helms Roast, 21 November 1985. About 30 items. #04912, Series: "2. Subject Files, 1960-1985. " Folder 9-10

Folder 11

Importance, 1979-1985. Extensive notes and drafts of chapters, a photocopy of Trends Analysis Report--The New Right: An Emerging Force on the Political Scene, and a photocopy of the program for the 7th Conference of the World Anti-Communist League of which Helms was co-chair. 7 items. #04912, Series: "2. Subject Files, 1960-1985. " Folder 11

Folder 12

Introduction to politics, 1950-1985. Chiefly copies of advertisements used in the 1950 United States Senate race in North Carolina. Early in his political career, Helms worked for Democratic candidate Willis Smith, who ran against University of North Carolina President Frank Porter Graham. Also included are a profile of Willis Smith, two WRAL editorials about Ronald Reagan, a report about Helms's role in the Smith campaign, and Furgurson's notes. About 20 items. #04912, Series: "2. Subject Files, 1960-1985. " Folder 12

Folder 13

Korean Airlines (KAL) Flight 007, 1983-1985. Furgurson's notes and an issue of "Jesse's News," a newsletter documenting Helms's activities. Helms was scheduled to be on KAL Flight 007, but a delay put him on the next flight. A Soviet fighter pilot shot down Flight 007, killing all 269 people aboard. Helms used this incident to support his strong anti-Communist policies. 2 items. #04912, Series: "2. Subject Files, 1960-1985. " Folder 13

Folder 14-15

Folder 14

Folder 15

Media, 1960-1985. Furgurson's materials relating to Helms's relationship with the press include notes; copies of interviews with Helms; a photocopy of a personal reference file on Helms from the News and Observer Publishing Company; WRAL editorials; photocopies of articles from Human Events, a weekly conservative newsletter; the transcript of a speech, "The First Amendment and Professional Broadcast Journalism," given by Thomas H. Wyman (CEO of CBS); and a paper called "Information and Disinformation in Nicaragua" by Frank Gomez of the Central American Outreach Program, which was delivered at the White House. Also included are Accuracy in Media newsletters; the transcript of a press conference about Angola, sponsored by the Conservative Caucus; and copies of "The Gun Owners Newsletter." About 50 items. #04912, Series: "2. Subject Files, 1960-1985. " Folder 14-15

Folder 16-17

Folder 16

Folder 17

Money, 1981-1984. The first folder contains letters from the Congressional Club; Alfred Clinton Perry's honors essay entitled "Jesse Helms: The Man and His Club" (UNC-CH, 1983); and a photocopy of a newspaper article about Thomas Ellis, one of Helms' aides. Ellis was nominated to the Board for International Broadcasting, and his nomination was challenged because of alleged associations with the eugenic movement. This file contains photocopies of letters from Ellis to his challengers and to President Reagan. The second folder contains a statement by David Price, chair of the Democratic Party of North Carolina, on the release of the report of the Party's investigation into the methods Helms's campaign finance methods, a photocopy of the results of the investigation, and the accompanying evidence labeled "exhibits." About 30 items. #04912, Series: "2. Subject Files, 1960-1985. " Folder 16-17

Folder 18

Race, 1960-1985. Transcripts of WRAL editorials on racial issues; copies of articles Helms wrote for The Citizen, the primary publication of the Citizen's Councils of America; and Furgurson's notes. About 40 items. #04912, Series: "2. Subject Files, 1960-1985. " Folder 18

Folder 19

1972 Senate race, 1962-1985. Notes, the News and Observer 's Personal Reference File on Nick Galifianakis, a transcript of Helms' s speech announcing his candidacy, press releases from the Galifianakis for Senate Committee, press statements from Helms, photocopies of Helms's advertisements, and transcripts of WRAL editorials. About 20 items. #04912, Series: "2. Subject Files, 1960-1985. " Folder 19

Folder 20

First Senate term, 1974-1976. A photocopy of a letter from Helms to Alexander Solzhenitsyn; a photocopy and translation of Solzhenitsyn's response; the transcript of a speech by Helms, "Let's Go Back to the 2-Party System"; Helms' speech at a Congressional Club Salute to Reagan dinner; a photocopy of a profile of Helms in Ripon Forum; and a news release from Helms's office. 7 items. #04912, Series: "2. Subject Files, 1960-1985. " Folder 20

Folder 21

1978 Senate race, 1977. A transcript of Helms's keynote address to the Conservative Political Action Conference, an outline for a proposed "Academic Freedom Act of 1977," notes on a press conference about Helms's fundraising practices, and a news releases from Helms's office. 7 items. #04912, Series: "2. Subject Files, 1960-1985. " Folder 21

Folder 22

Second Senate term, 1980-1983. Materials concerning the 1980 senatorial and presidential races, including the transcript of a speech by Democratic Party Chair Russell Walker, discussing the filibuster of Helms and Senator John East against the gasoline tax bill, and reports by Helms for the North Carolina Republican Party newsletter. 7 items. #04912, Series: "2. Subject Files, 1960-1985. " Folder 22

Folder 23-24

Folder 23

Folder 24

1984 Senate race, 1983-1985. Notes, photocopies of letters from the Congressional Club to Helms supporters, a news release from the Democratic Party, issues of the Democratic Party of North Carolina's publication HelmsWatch, press releases from Governor James B. Hunt, and Ku Klux Klan materials that discuss the election and the 1984 KKK voter registration drive. About 40 items. #04912, Series: "2. Subject Files, 1960-1985. " Folder 23-24

Folder 25

Youth,1964-1985. Two WRAL editorial transcripts in which Helms talked about his childhood and Furgurson's notes about Helms's youth in Monroe, N.C. 3 items. #04912, Series: "2. Subject Files, 1960-1985. " Folder 25

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Draft and notes, undated.

2 items.

Draft of Hard Right and associated notes.

Folder 26

Draft and notes #04912, Series: "3. Draft and notes, undated." Folder 26

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Outline and notes, undated.

About 10 items.

Promotional copy for Hard Right, an outline for the book, several notebooks filled with Furgurson's notes, and loose notes.

Folder 27-28

Folder 27

Folder 28

Outline and notes #04912, Series: "4. Outline and notes, undated." Folder 27-28

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 5. Newsletters.

About 50 items.

A transcript of an episode of the 20/20 television program that included a story entitled "The Helms Machine"; some issues of Common Cause News; a Congressional Report Card; a Fairness in Media report; Kenneth T. Langston's honors essay entitled "Baptists and the New Right: A Theoretical and Political Examination of a Complex Relationship" (UNC-CH, 1984); a program from the Conservative Political Action Conference; two issues of The Eberle Report; several issues of the Free Afghanistan Report; several issues of The Phyllis Schlafly Report; brochures from the Institute for the Scientific Investigation of Sexuality, Inc.; a Congressional Majority Committee report; a paper entitled "Helms More Radical than Ronald Reagan"; People for the American Way materials; a Planned Parenthood "Memo to Editors"; an issue of Review of the News; and a National Religious Broadcasters Media Expo '85 Press Packet..

Folder 29

Newsletters #04912, Series: "5. Newsletters." Folder 29

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 6. Publications, 1984-1985.

About 20 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Booklet entitled 20 Years of the Words of Senator No, A Renewed Commitment, produced by the 12th Annual Conservative Political Action Committee; an issue of Religious Broadcasting; an issue of Gun Owner; several issues of New Guard; an issue of Liberty; two issues of Taxing Times; an issue of Howard J. Ruff's State of the Nation; a booklet distributed by the Christian Political Education Publishers entitled "Is Politics a Dirty Word?"; several issues of the National Religious Broadcaster's Convention News; Communication Horizons, a publication of Oral Roberts University; and two issues of the World University Times.

Folder 30-31

Folder 30

Folder 31

Publications #04912, Series: "6. Publications, 1984-1985. " Folder 30-31

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 7. Miscellaneous.

About 30 items.

A political cartoon of Helms, a transcript of an interview with Helms, press releases, biographies of Paul Weyrich and Bob Dole, comments other members of the Senate made about Helms, and other documents.

Folder 32

Miscellaneous #04912, Series: "7. Miscellaneous." Folder 32

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