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Collection Number: 03393

Collection Title: Peter Spence Gilchrist Papers, 1901-1911 (bulk 1904-1910).

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities; this finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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Size 11.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 8,000 items)
Abstract Peter Spence Gilchrist was an English immigrant and pioneer in chemical engineering of Charlotte, N.C. The collection includes business letters, chiefly 1904-1910, received by Gilchrist's firm, Southern Card, Clothing, and Reed Company, relating to the building of fertilizer plants and the installation of works for phosphate processes along the eastern seaboard.
Creator Gilchrist, Peter Spence, 1861-1947.
Language English
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Information For Users

Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Peter Spence Gilchrist Papers, #3393, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from C. W. Gilchrist of Charlotte, N.C., November 1958.
Additional Descriptive Resources
A copy of the original finding aid for this collection is filed in folder 1a.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Peter Spence Gilchrist (1861-1947) was an English immigrant and pioneer in chemical engineering of Charlotte, N.C. Gilchrist was born in Manchester, England and emigrated to the United States in 1889. He was for a time manager of a fertilizer plant on Long Island, N.Y.; a chemical engineer at Charlotte and at Baltimore, Md.; and operator of gold mines in Blacksburg, S.C. He settled in Charlotte in 1898.

Gilchrist designed sulphuric acid plants and fertilizer plants and was a pioneer in the development of the phosphate industry and in chemical engineering in the southeast. His company, Southern Card, Clothing, and Reed, built fertilizer plants and installed works for phosphate processes. He was vice president of the Charlotte Chemical Laboratories, established in 1911; and was president of the Chemical Construction Company of Charlotte, which was established in 1914 and sold to American Cyanamid in 1929.

Gilchrist married Ethel Gertrude Porter of Goole in Yorkshire, England. Their children were Stuart, Cecil W., Edith, and Peter S. Junior.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection includes business letters, chiefly 1904-1910, received by Peter Spence Gilchrist's firm, Southern Card, Clothing, and Reed Company, relating to the building of fertilizer plants and the installation of works for phosphate processes along the eastern seaboard.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Peter Spence Gilchrist Papers, 1901-1911 and undated.

Folder 1a

Original finding aid #03393, Series: "Peter Spence Gilchrist Papers, 1901-1911 and undated." Folder 1a

Folder 1

Biography of Peter Spence Gilchrist #03393, Series: "Peter Spence Gilchrist Papers, 1901-1911 and undated." Folder 1

Folder 2

1901-1903 #03393, Series: "Peter Spence Gilchrist Papers, 1901-1911 and undated." Folder 2

Folder 3-14

Folder 3

Folder 4

Folder 5

Folder 6

Folder 7

Folder 8

Folder 9

Folder 10

Folder 11

Folder 12

Folder 13

Folder 14

1904 #03393, Series: "Peter Spence Gilchrist Papers, 1901-1911 and undated." Folder 3-14

Folder 15-28

Folder 15

Folder 16

Folder 17

Folder 18

Folder 19

Folder 20

Folder 21

Folder 22

Folder 23

Folder 24

Folder 25

Folder 26

Folder 27

Folder 28

1905 #03393, Series: "Peter Spence Gilchrist Papers, 1901-1911 and undated." Folder 15-28

Folder 29-40

Folder 29

Folder 30

Folder 31

Folder 32

Folder 33

Folder 34

Folder 35

Folder 36

Folder 37

Folder 38

Folder 39

Folder 40

1906 #03393, Series: "Peter Spence Gilchrist Papers, 1901-1911 and undated." Folder 29-40

Folder 41-52

Folder 41

Folder 42

Folder 43

Folder 44

Folder 45

Folder 46

Folder 47

Folder 48

Folder 49

Folder 50

Folder 51

Folder 52

1907 #03393, Series: "Peter Spence Gilchrist Papers, 1901-1911 and undated." Folder 41-52

Folder 53-64

Folder 53

Folder 54

Folder 55

Folder 56

Folder 57

Folder 58

Folder 59

Folder 60

Folder 61

Folder 62

Folder 63

Folder 64

1908 #03393, Series: "Peter Spence Gilchrist Papers, 1901-1911 and undated." Folder 53-64

Folder 65-76

Folder 65

Folder 66

Folder 67

Folder 68

Folder 69

Folder 70

Folder 71

Folder 72

Folder 73

Folder 74

Folder 75

Folder 76

1909 #03393, Series: "Peter Spence Gilchrist Papers, 1901-1911 and undated." Folder 65-76

Folder 77-89

Folder 77

Folder 78

Folder 79

Folder 80

Folder 81

Folder 82

Folder 83

Folder 84

Folder 85

Folder 86

Folder 87

Folder 88

Folder 89

1910 #03393, Series: "Peter Spence Gilchrist Papers, 1901-1911 and undated." Folder 77-89

Folder 90

1911 #03393, Series: "Peter Spence Gilchrist Papers, 1901-1911 and undated." Folder 90

Folder 91

Undated #03393, Series: "Peter Spence Gilchrist Papers, 1901-1911 and undated." Folder 91

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

Updated by: Kate Stratton and Jodi Berkowitz, April 2009

This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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