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Collection Number: 01550

Collection Title: William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities; this finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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Size 2.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 2,500 items)
Abstract William Curry Harllee (1877-1944) was a United States Marine Corps officer from South Carolina. The collection contains papers of and collected by Harllee including letters and documents, 1685-1899 (in part copies) of his ancestors, particularly the Harllee family of Mars Bluff, S.C., and Little Rock, S.C., including a few letters from a South Carolinian in Kansas, 1853; letters from Andrew Turpin Harllee describing public events in Washington, D.C., in 1860; and letters from a soldier in the 8th South Carolina Regiment, Confederate States of America, in Virginia. From 1903 to 1918, the papers concern W. C. Harllee's military career, particularly his interest in marksmanship, the National Rifle Association, and his duties in small arms training for the Navy and Marine Corps during World War I. Papers from 1919 relate to his interest in genealogy and preparation of a book of his findings. The families in which he was interested were based in North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, and Virginia.
Creator Harllee, William Curry, 1877-1944.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the William Curry Harllee Papers, #1550, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from General and Mrs. William Curry Harllee of Washington, D.C., November 1948.
Additional Descriptive Resources
A copy of the original finding aid for this collection is filed in folder 1a.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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William Curry Harllee (1877-1944) was a United States Marine Corps officer from South Carolina. Harllee was born in Manatee, Fla., to John Waddell and Mary Ellen Curry Harllee. His parents died when he was young and he lived with relatives in South Carolina and was educated there. He also studied at Oak Ridge Military Institute, Oak Ridge, N.C.; the Citadel, Charleston, S.C.; and the University of North Carolina, before entering the United States Military Academy at West Point, Md. After two years at West Point, Harllee served as a private and non-commissioned officer in the 33rd United States Volunteer Infantry, Philippine Insurrection. In 1900 he was commissioned 2nd lieutenant, United States Marine Corps, and became a career officer, advancing to the rank of colonel at his retirement in 1935, and to brigadier general in 1942.

As a Marine Corps officer Harllee was especially interested in training and marksmanship. He obtained the qualification Expert Rifleman; was captain of the Marine Corps Rifel Teams, National Matches, 1908-1910; commanded rifle instruction camps at Sea Girt, N.J., 1908-1910; constructed and commanded Marine Corps Rifle Range, Winthrop, Md., 1910-1911; was assistant director of Gunnery Exercises and Engineering Performances (in charge of Small Arms Section), Navy Department, 1914-1920; in charge of rifle practice, United States Atlantic Fleet, Guantanamo, Cuba, 1915; and directed construction and operation of rifle ranges operated by the Navy Department for all services during World War I. He was director and vice president of the National Rifle Association, and a member of the National Board for Rifle Practice for several years. He was also the author of Navy Small Arms Firing Regulations, 1914, and of manuals of instruction.

At Quantico, Va., 1919-1920, Harllee established the Marine Corps Institute for educational and vocational training, moved it to the Marine Barracks, Washington, D.C., and served as director of the Marine Barracks, director of the Marine Corps Institute, and chief of Educational Section, Headquarters, United States Marine Corps, 1920-1921.

During these years Harllee also served in China, Cuba, Vera Cruz, Santo Domingo, and Haiti, at various naval stations in the United States, and on several naval vessels. After he left the Naval War College, Newport, R.I., in 1928, he commanded the Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, Norfolk, Va.; was Fleet Marine Officer on the United States flagship Texas; and from 1930 until his retirement in 1935 was commander of the Southern Reserve Area and Southern Recruiting Division, United States Marine Corps, with headquarters in New Orleans, La.

While in New Orleans, Harllee did the major preparation of Kinfolks a genealogical work in which he included both his own and his wife's ancestry.

Harllee married Ella Florence Fulmore, daughter of Zachary Taylor Fulmore of Austin, Tex., in 1903. They had two children, John, who graduated from the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Md., and became a naval officer, and Ella Fulmore, who attended school in Washington, D.C., and apparently lived there with her parents through 1944. Harllee bought a house in Washington where his wife maintained their home while he was on duty elsewhere. When he retired in 1935, he planned to live in Dillon, S.C., and did go there briefly. He ran for the United States Senate against James F. Byrnes in the South Carolina primary election in 1936 as an anti-New Deal Democrat, but was defeated. Following the campaign he was ill in the Naval Hospital in Washington, and lived in Washington thereafter until his death in 1944.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection contains papers of and collected by William Curry Harllee including letters and documents, 1685-1899 (in part copies) of his ancestors, particularly the Harllee family of Mars Bluff and Little Rock, S.C., including a few letters from a South Carolinian in Kansas, 1853; letters from Andrew Turpin Harllee describing public events in Washington, D.C., in 1860; and letters from a soldier in the 8th South Carolina Regiment, Confederate States of America, in Virginia. From 1903 to 1918, the papers concern W. C. Harllee's military career, particularly his interest in marksmanship, the National Rifle Association, and his duties in small arms training for the Navy and Marine Corps during World War I. Papers from 1919 relate to his interest in genealogy and preparation of a book of his findings. The families in which he was interested were based in North and South Carolina, Florida, and Virginia. There are also some letters, 1935-1936, that relate to Harllee's campaign for the Democratic senatorial primary in South Carolina and photostat and printed copies of a map of Marion County, S.C.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated.

Folder 1a

Original finding aid #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 1a

Folder 1

1685-1743 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 1

Folder 2

1744-1823 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 2

Folder 3

1830-1859 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 3

Folder 4

1860 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 4

Folder 5

1861 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 5

Folder 6

1862 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 6

Folder 7

1863-1865 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 7

Folder 8

1870-1899 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 8

Folder 9

1903-1909 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 9

Folder 10

1910 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 10

Folder 11

1911-1912 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 11

Folder 12

1913-1917 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 12

Folder 13

1918-1919 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 13

Folder 14

1921-1927 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 14

Folder 15

1928-1929 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 15

Folder 16-22

Folder 16

Folder 17

Folder 18

Folder 19

Folder 20

Folder 21

Folder 22

1930 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 16-22

Folder 23-31

Folder 23

Folder 24

Folder 25

Folder 26

Folder 27

Folder 28

Folder 29

Folder 30

Folder 31

1931 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 23-31

Folder 32-43

Folder 32

Folder 33

Folder 34

Folder 35

Folder 36

Folder 37

Folder 38

Folder 39

Folder 40

Folder 41

Folder 42

Folder 43

1932 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 32-43

Folder 44-59

Folder 44

Folder 45

Folder 46

Folder 47

Folder 48

Folder 49

Folder 50

Folder 51

Folder 52

Folder 53

Folder 54

Folder 55

Folder 56

Folder 57

Folder 58

Folder 59

1933 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 44-59

Folder 60-69

Folder 60

Folder 61

Folder 62

Folder 63

Folder 64

Folder 65

Folder 66

Folder 67

Folder 68

Folder 69

1934 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 60-69

Folder 70-73

Folder 70

Folder 71

Folder 72

Folder 73

1935 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 70-73

Folder 74

1936-1937 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 74

Folder 75

1938 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 75

Folder 76

1939 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 76

Folder 77

1940 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 77

Folder 78

1941-1942 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 78

Folder 79

1943-1944 #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 79

Folder 80

Undated #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 80

Folder 81

Maps #01550, Series: "William Curry Harllee Papers, 1685-1944 and undated." Folder 81

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

Updated by: Kate Stratton and Jodi Berkowitz, November 2009

This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

Diacritics and other special characters have been omitted from this finding aid to facilitate keyword searching in web browsers.

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