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Collection Number: 04964-z

Collection Title: Francis T. Hawks Papers, 1853-1882

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


Funding from the Watson-Brown Foundation, Inc., supported the microfilming of this collection.

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Size 40 items
Abstract Francis T. Hawks was born in New Bern, N.C. In 1858, he was hired as an engineer to work on the construction and landscaping of Central Park in New York City. In 1862, he joined the Confederate Army and served in the Adjutant General's Department. In 1863, he became a lieutenant in the 2nd Regiment, Engineer Troops (Corps of Engineers), which was formed in Wilmington, N.C. He served under General W. H. C. Whiting in the preparation of the coastal defenses at the mouth of the Cape Fear River. The papers are primarily letters received by Francis T. Hawks during his service in the Confederate Army. Among these are letters to him from General W. H. C. Whiting relating to the Cape Fear defenses at Fort Anderson, hand-drawn maps of some of the defensive positions at the mouth of the Cape Fear River, a copy of a letter from General Joseph E. Johnston announcing his surrender to General William T. Sherman, and a field order from General Sherman ordering disbursement of non-essential supplies to the local populace. Also included are two stock certificates and a certificate from the City of New York acknowledging Hawks's work on the construction of Central Park.
Creator Hawks, Francis T.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Francis T. Hawks Papers #4964-z, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alternate Form of Material
Microfilm copy (filmed 2005-2006) available.
  • Reel 1: Entire collection
Acquisitions Information
Received from Katherine Vaux McCauley of Bryn Mawr, Pa., and Mary James Vaux of New York, N.Y., in December 1998 (Acc. 98267).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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Francis T. Hawks was born in New Bern, N.C. In 1858, he was hired as an engineer to work on the construction and landscaping of Central Park in New York City. In 1862, he joined the Confederate Army and was commissioned a captain in the Adjutant General's Department. He resigned this position in January 1863. In August 1863, he once again received a commission in the Confederate Army, this time a lieutenancy in Company A, 2nd Regiment, Engineer Troops (Corps of Engineers), which was formed in Wilmington, N.C., in August 1863. Subsequently, he served under General W. H. C. Whiting in the preparation of the coastal defenses at the mouth of the Cape Fear River. He was taken ill at the beginning of January 1865 and was in Greensboro, N.C., on sick leave during the Union campaign against the coastal defenses of North Carolina.

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The papers of North Carolina engineer  Francis T. Hawks are primarily letters received by Hawks during his Civil War service in the Confederate Army. Among these are letters to him from General W. H. C. Whiting relating to the Cape Fear defenses at Fort Anderson, hand-drawn maps of some of the defensive positions at the mouth of the Cape Fear River, a copy of a letter from General Joseph E. Johnston announcing his surrender to General William T. Sherman, and a field order from General Sherman ordering disbursement of non-essential supplies to the local populace. Also included are two stock certificates and a certificate from the City of New York acknowledging Hawks's work on the construction of Central Park.

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Contents list

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Processing Information

Processed by: John Foster, October 2000

Encoded by: John Foster, October 2000

Revisions: Finding aid updated in May 2005 by Nancy Kaiser.

Funding from the Watson-Brown Foundation, Inc., supported the microfilming of this collection.

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