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Collection Number: 20371

Collection Title: Jill Hemming Collection, 1994-1995

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


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Size 497 items (0.5 linear feet)
Abstract While working on her M.A. in Folklore from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Jill Hemming received a Documentation Project Grant from the Folklife Section of the North Carolina Arts Council to document and photograph quilts crafted by women of the Waccamaw Siouan Tribe of North Carolina. Hemming conducted the survey of Waccamaw Siouan quilts in Columbus and Bladen counties, N.C., 1994-1995. Each quilt is documented on a form with corresponding visual representation on color slides. As far as possible, each quilt is identified by quilt owner; the quilt maker; the quilt maker's spouse, children, and parents; the quilter (if different than the quilt maker); and the materials, dimensions, and pattern of the quilt. The quilts of Elizabeth Graham Jacobs (Lee) are particularly well represented. The oldest quilt documented was made circa 1919. The rest range from the 1940s to the 1990s.
Creator Hemming, Jill.
Language English.
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Jill Hemming Collection #20371, Southern Folklife Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Provenance
Received from Jill Hemming on 19 July 1996 (Acc. 20371).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online catalogs.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Jill Hemming received her M.A. in Folklore from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. During her studies, she received a Documentation Project Grant from the Folklife Section of the North Carolina Arts Council to document and photograph quilts crafted by women of the Waccamaw Siouan Tribe of North Carolina in Columbus and Bladen counties, N.C., in part to remedy the oversight of the North Carolina Quilt Project Documentation, 1986-1988, which included few Native American quilt makers. She used this documentation in her M.A. thesis, "The Craft of Identity: Quilting Traditions in the Waccamaw-Siouan Tribe"; a booklet produced with and for the community, Waccamaw Siouan Quilters: Piecing the Past and Future; the successful nomination of quilt maker Elizabeth "Lee" Jacobs for a 1996 North Carolina Folk Heritage Award; and Traditional Threads, an annual American Indian Quilt Show initially organized by Brenda Moore, one of the quilt makers Hemming documented, and sponsored by the United Tribes of North Carolina.

Since receiving her M.A., Hemming has continued to work as a public folklorist. She has researched Mormon genealogy quilts; documented North Carolina fishermen; conducted oral histories about the impact of Latino migration into historically African-American neighborhoods in northeast central Durham, N.C., and the experiences of Lumbee breast cancer survivors; and worked as a consultant with Student Action with Farmworkers to train summer interns in fieldwork projects.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

Materials document the Waccamaw Siouan Tribe of North Carolina, which has a long tradition of women creating quilts for household and community use. With a Documentation Project Grant from the Folklife Section of the North Carolina Arts Council, Jill Hemming conducted a quilt survey of Waccamaw Siouan quilts in the Columbus County, N.C., and Bladen County, N.C., communities of Bolton, N.C.; Lake Waccamaw, N.C.; Columbus, N.C.; Buckhead, N.C.; Riegelwood, N.C.; and Clinton, N.C., 1994-1995. Each quilt is documented on a form adapted from the North Carolina Quilt Project Documentation with corresponding visual representation in color slides. As far as possible, each quilt is identified by quilt owner; the quilt maker; the quilt maker's spouse, children, and parents; the quilter (if different than the quilt maker); and the materials, dimensions, and pattern of the quilt. The quilts of Elizabeth Graham Jacobs (Lee) are particularly well represented. Other quilt makers include: Rhoda M. Young, Mary Eliza Moore Patrick, Carrie Lee Spaulding Young, Shirley Jacobs Freeman, Maggie Graham Wells, Florence Jacobs, Marie Brewington Jacobs, Sue Jacobs, Brenda Jacobs Moore, Zadie Young Jacobs, Sudie Jane Stricklen Brewington, Juanita Freeman Jacobs, Donna Freeman, Margaret Patrick Gasman, Lela Mae Jacobs Brewington, Kaye Moore Jacobs, Rhoda Marcelle Young, Margie Faye Brewington Jacobs, Bessie Epps Brewington, and Marthy Jacobs. The oldest quilt documented was made around 1919. The rest range from the 1940s to the 1990s. The collection also includes some slides of the quilters and the general Buckhead community.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Quilt Documentation Forms, 1994-1995 and undated.

67 items.

The Waccamaw Siouan quilt survey focused on Bolton, N.C.; Lake Waccamaw, N.C.; Columbus, N.C.; Buckhead, N.C.; Riegelwood, N.C.; and Clinton, N.C. Using a form adapted from the North Carolina Quilt Project Documentation, 1986-1988, each sheet is hand-numbered one to 67 corresponding to each individual quilt documented. The form provides information on the quilt owner; the quilt maker; the quilt maker's spouse, children, and parents; the quilter (if different than the quilt maker); and the materials, dimensions, and pattern of the quilt. The quilt number written on each sheet is used to identify the quilts on the Photo Logsheets, along with the name of the quilter and the quilt pattern. The quilts of Elizabeth Graham Jacobs (Lee) are particularly well represented. Other quilt makers include: Rhoda M. Young, Mary Eliza Moore Patrick, Carrie Lee Spaulding Young, Shirley Jacobs Freeman, Maggie Graham Wells, Florence Jacobs, Marie Brewington Jacobs, Sue Jacobs, Brenda Jacobs Moore, Zadie Young Jacobs, Sudie Jane Stricklen Brewington, Juanita Freeman Jacobs, Donna Freeman, Margaret Patrick Gasman, Lela Mae Jacobs Brewington, Kaye Moore Jacobs, Rhoda Marcelle Young, Margie Faye Brewington Jacobs, Bessie Epps Brewington, and Marthy Jacobs. The oldest quilt documented was made circa 1919. The rest range from the 1940s to the 1990s.

Folder 1

Quilt Documentation Forms #20371, Series: "1. Quilt Documentation Forms, 1994-1995 and undated." Folder 1

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Slides of Quilts, 1994-1995.

430 items.

Jill Hemming took color slides of all the Waccamaw Siouan quilts represented on the Quilt Documentation Forms. Several were photographed on numerous occasions in order to obtain the best exposures and to highlight details of quilting and piecing. The quilts were all photographed outside with members of the community holding them while standing on bleachers. There are also some slides of the quilt makers and the Buckhead, N.C., community, who became the focus of Hemming's research.

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The Photo Logsheets are organized by slide number and identify the quilts by the quilt number listed on the Quilt Documentation form as well as by quilt maker and quilt pattern. Several logsheets note the quality of the photos.

Folder 2

Photo Logsheets #20371, Subseries: "2.1. Photo Logsheets." Folder 2

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.2. Slides.

All slides are numbered and correspond to the Photo Logsheets. A few slides appear to be missing from the collection as received.

Folder 3-4

Slides #20371, Subseries: "2.2. Slides." Folder 3-4

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