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Collection Number: 00332

Collection Title: Hentz Family Papers, 1782-1932

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This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


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Size 2.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 300 items)
Abstract Prominent members of the Hentz family included French revolutionary Nicholas Arnould Hentz (1756-1832); his sons Nicholas Richard Hentz (1786-1850), an officer in the French Imperial Army; and Nicholas Marcellus Hentz (1797-1856), a prominent entomologist; the latter's wife, the writer Caroline Lee Whiting Hentz (1800-1856); two of Nicholas Marcellus and Caroline Hentz's children, Charles Arnould (A.) Hentz (1827-1894) and Thaddeus William Harris Hentz (1830-1878), who were both physicians; and Charles A. Hentz's son, William Booth Hentz (b. 1860). The collection includes personal, medical, financial, and legal papers, and diaries and autobiographies of members of the Hentz family of France, Alabama, and Florida. Correspondence describes activities of family and friends in Alabama and Florida, teaching at a female academy in Alabama, medical and dental practices, and a Confederate soldier's camp life and experiences as a prisoner of war. The diaries of Caroline Lee Hentz discuss her life and work in Alabama. The diary of Thaddeus W. Hentz, her son, details his experience in the Confederate army. The diaries and autobiography of Charles A. Hentz are concerned with travels in the southern United States; the Mexican War; his medical education and practice, including treatment of slaves; recreational drug use and drug addicts; the flora and fauna of the Panhandle region of Florida; descriptions of inhabitants of and life in Louisville, Ky., Cincinnati, Ohio, New Orleans, La., Mobile and Tuskegee, Ala., and Jackson and Gadsden counties, Fla.; a journey on horseback to Tampa Bay, Fla.; treatment of the wounded at the battles of Marianna and Natural Bridge, Fla. The execution of Confederate deserters; his citrus and vegetable farms; and a lynching. Other items include military records of an officer in the French Imperial Army; notes and writings on yellow fever and grave-robbing for dissection purposes, descriptions of fish and plants, and drafts of plays and stories; records of Charles A. Hentz's obstetrical cases; drawings and pictures of human, botanical, and animal subjects; biographical and genealogical sketches; and a phrenological character analysis. The Addition of June 2000 includes two framed photographs and one cased ambrotype, all undated. The photographs are childhood portraits of Julia Keyes Hentz Dumbar (b. 1862) and William Booth Hentz (b. 1860), probably taken circa 1865. The ambrotype is a portrait of Charles A. Hentz. The Addition of May 2005 contains two documents relating to the medical practice of Charles A. Hentz. The Addition of September 2005 consists of the Hentz Family Bible, with scattered genealogical material. The Addition of May 2009 includes eight diaries. The 1862 diary documents Charles A. Hentz's activities as a doctor in Quincy, Fla., and his work at the military hospital established there. Diaries, 1880-1901, describe Charles A. Hentz's everyday activities as a doctor in Quincy and as a citrus farmer in City Point, Fla. Included is a 17 May 1880 entry describing an operation Hentz performed to remove part of the skull of an African American man who had suffered a fractured skull. In an 1899 diary, Ella Hentz described traveling with William Booth Hentz from their home in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to a family wedding in City Point; in a diary, March-May 1901, William Booth kept a March-May 1901 diary during a visit to City Point and Quincy.
Creator Hentz family.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
This collection contains additional materials that are not processed and are currently not available to researchers. For information about access to these materials, contact Research and Instructional Services staff. Please be advised that preparing unprocessed materials for access can be a lengthy process.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Hentz Family Papers #332, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alternate Form of Material
All or part of this collection is available on microfilm from University Publications of America as part of Southern women and their families in the 19th century, Series A.
Acquisitions Information
Gifts, 1940 1998, received from William B. Hentz of Winter Haven, Fla.; Mrs. G. N. Hatch of West Palm Beach, Fla.; Baldwin L. Keyes, Philadelphia, Pa.; Margaret Ruth Hentz Crocker, Rio de Janerio, Brazil; Mrs. William A. Sturgis, Belmont, Mass.; and Desmond and Charity Cole, Durham, N.C.; material lent for filming and returned to Mrs. Cecil Rhyne, Marianna, Fla., 1950; and purchased from Howard S. Mott, Sheffield, Mass., 1980. The Addition of June 2000 (Acc. 98639) received from Charity Cole of Durham, N.C. The Addition of May 2005 (Acc. 100052) received from Charity Cole of Durham, N.C. The Addition of September 2005 (Acc. 100222) received from Charity Cole of Durham, N.C. The Addition of May 2009 (Acc. 101110) received from Thomas P. Cole of Charlotte, N.C.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Nicholas Arnould Hentz (1756-1832) was a native of Coblentz in Lorraine, France, and a member of the Revolutionary National Convention of 1789. He was forced to flee France under the assumed name of Charles Arnould with his family after the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1815. He and his wife, Therese d'Aubree, had at least two sons Nicholas Richard Hentz (1786-1850), who served as a captain in the French Imperial Army from 1806 to 1815, and Nicholas Marcellus Hentz (1797-1856), a painter, professor, and well known entomologist, author of a famous monograph on the spiders of the United States.

Nicholas M. Hentz taught at the University of North Carolina from 1826 to 1830. He married Caroline Lee Whiting (1800-1856), a native of Lancaster, Mass., a playwright and novelist popular during the 1850s. Together they ran a succession of female academies in Covington, Ky., Cincinnati, Ohio, Florence, Ala., Columbus, Ga. and Tuskegee, Ala. The Hentz family finally settled in Marianna, Fla., where Caroline Lee Hentz concentrated on her writing and the care of her invalid husband. They had four children: Charles Arnould Hentz (1827-1894), who was a physician and citrus grower; Thaddeus William Harris Hentz (1830-1878), a dentist; Julia Louisa Hentz Keyes (1828-1877); and Caroline ("Callie") Therese Hentz Branch (b. 1833).

Charles A. Hentz (1827-1894) was born in Chapel Hill, N.C. and was a doctor near Quincy, Fla. In 1854 he married Elizabeth (Bettie) Hentz. They had five children: Sallie Lee Hentz (1855-1888), William Booth Hentz (b. 1860), Julia Keyes Hentz Dumbar (b. 1862), Rebecca ("Bexie") Hentz (b. 1865), and Charles Arnould Hentz Jr. (b. 1870). During the Civil War in 1862, Charles A. Hentz worked at the military hospital in Quincy, Fla. Following Bettie Hentz's death in 1871, Charles A. Hentz married Cornelia Fitzgerald Munroe (1852-1894). The family moved in 1881 to City Point, Fla., and operated a citrus farm on the Indian River. In 1890 they returned to Quincy, Fla.

William Booth Hentz (b. 1860), son of Charles A. Hentz, immigrated in 1890 to Rio De Janiero, Brazil, with his siblings Charles Arnould Hentz Jr. (b. 1870) and Julia Keyes Hentz Dumbar (b. 1862). He married Ella Hentz, who died in 1899. He later married Anita Vianna Hentz (b.1882).

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

This collection consists of chiefly the personal papers, medical records, financial and legal items, and diaries of the Hentz family of France, Alabama, and Florida, 1782-1932. Personal correspondence includes letters to and from members of the Hentz family. Other papers include the military records of an officer in the French Imperial Army, notes and writings on a variety of topics; drawings and pictures of people and botanical and animal subjects; legal material in French and English; household receipts and accounts; biographical and genealogical sketches of the Hentz and Keyes families; a phrenological character analysis; newspaper clippings; and medical catalogs. The diaries were kept by Caroline Lee Hentz, and her sons Thaddeus W. Hentz and Charles A. Hentz. Also included by Charles A. Hentz is a two part autobiography, covering much of the material in his diaries. Other volumes include the medical and obstetrical records of Charles A. Hentz, and his agricultural notebook; sketchbooks of Nicholas M. Hentz, consisting of sketches, clippings, and notes in French and English on his botanical and zoological interests; a carte de visite; and a violin.

Several letters, the phrenological character analysis, some genealogical material, a Civil War journal, and the carte de visite were filmed in 1950, and the original documents were returned to the donor.

The Addition of June 2000 consists of two early framed photographs, and one cased ambrotype. The photographs are childhood portraits of Julia Keyes Hentz Dumbar (b. 1862) and William Booth Hentz (b. 1860), probably taken circa 1865. The ambrotype is an undated portrait of Charles A. Hentz (1827-1894).

The Addition of May 2005 contains two documents relating to the medical practice of Charles A. Hentz. The first is Charles A. Hentz's medical doctorate from the University of Louisville, Ken., received in 1848. The second document is Hentz's medical practice license for the state of Florida, awarded in 1889.

The Addition of September 2005 consists of the Hentz Family Bible, published in 1821. There is very little if any annotation, but there are a few scattered pieces of genealogical material interspersed throughout the volume.

The Addition of May 2009 includes eight diaries. The 1862 diary documents Charles A. Hentz's daily activities as a practicing doctor in the area of Quincy, Fla., and his work at the military hospital established there. The diaries dated from 1880 to 1901 describe Charles A. Hentz's everyday activities as a doctor in Quincy, Fla., and as a citrus farmer in City Point, Fla. Notable entries include 17 May 1880, describing an operation performed by Hentz to remove part of the skull of an African American man who had suffered a fractured skull. There is also an 1899 diary kept by Ella Hentz describing a journey she took with William Booth Hentz to a family wedding in City Point, Fla., and back to their home in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Finally, there is a diary kept by William Booth Hentz during a visit to City Point, Fla., and Quincy, Fla, from March to May 1901.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence, 1820-1894.

36 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Personal correspondence of members of the Hentz family. The earliest letter, dated 1 January 1820, is from Nicholas Arnould Hentz to his friend Pierre Francois Tissot (1768-1854), telling him about his new life in the United States. A typed translation accompanies the French original. The bulk of the correspondence from the 1840s and 1850s consists of letters to Charles A. Hentz, including letters from friends discussing the relative merits of Florida and Alabama, describing the flora and fauna of Florida, and detailing their daily life and interests, including clairvoyance, chess, and the fraternities and secret societies of the University of Alabama. Charles A. Hentz also received letters from his sister Callie Hentz and his mother Caroline Lee Hentz, describing family activities.

Caroline Lee Hentz wrote several letters to her sisters and female friends, describing family life, her travels in Philadelphia, her experiences teaching at a girl's school in Alabama, and her friendships with men. Nicholas M. Hentz and Caroline Lee Hentz both corresponded with their son, Thaddeus W. Hentz, in the 1850s about family news, his dentistry practice, and life in Quincy, Fla. In the 1860s, following his enlistment in the Confederate Army, Thaddeus W. Hentz wrote letters to his wife Hattie describing camp life, and several letters from the Federal prison in Elmira, NY., describing his imprisonment there and his loneliness apart from his family.

Post Civil War letters include several from Charles A. Hentz, including one to his brother Thaddeus W. Hentz informing him of his decision to leave his medical practice to start a citrus and vegetable farm on the Indian River in Florida, the illness of his wife Betty, and the influx of tourists and Northerners into Florida. About half of the letters are copies made from microfilm, two with typed transcriptions accompanying them; the rest are originals (see Collection Overview for details).

Folder 1

Correspondence #00332, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1820-1894." Folder 1

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Military Records of Nicholas Richard Hentz, 1809-1815.

12 items.

Records in French pertaining to Nicholas Richard Hentz's service in the French Imperial Army, including his commissions, equipment reimbursements, and register of military service, the acceptance of his resignation, and other military documents..

Folder 2

Military Records of Nicholas Richard Hentz #00332, Series: "2. Military Records of Nicholas Richard Hentz, 1809-1815." Folder 2

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Notes and Writings, undated.

23 items.

Miscellaneous writings chiefly by Nicholas M. Hentz and his son Charles A. Hentz, including a "chronology of yellow fever in the valley of the Mississippi River and its borders", ca. 1844; notes on a 1890 Children's Day celebration at church; an account of grave robbing by medical students; descriptions of fish; an essay on the Apalachicola River in Florida; lists of Latin names of fish and plants; drafts of plays and stories, including "The Moorish Bride" and "The Gitanos"; and poetry in French and English.

Folder 3-5

Folder 3

Folder 4

Folder 5

Notes and Writings #00332, Series: "3. Notes and Writings, undated." Folder 3-5

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Drawings and Paintings, undated.

112 items.

Pencil and pen and ink sketches, cartoons, drawings, and watercolor and pastel paintings of a variety of subjects, some dated in the 1830s, probably made by Nicholas M. Hentz and his children, particularly Charles A. Hentz. Subjects include soldiers, religious subjects, ships, Napoleon, botanical and zoological drawings of different animal, insect, and plant species, Native Americans, human anatomy, and maps. There is also a portrait of Caroline Lee Hentz, probably by her husband Nicholas M. Hentz, dated 1829.

Folder 6-8

Folder 6

Folder 7

Folder 8

Drawings and Paintings #00332, Series: "4. Drawings and Paintings, undated." Folder 6-8

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 5. Other Unbound Papers, 1782-1932, 1996.

56 items.

Arrangement: by document type.

Legal, financial, biographical, genealogical, and miscellaneous material of members of the Hentz family. Legal material in French includes passports dated 1815-1816, baptismal certificates from the 1820s, documents relating to the settlement and division of the estate of Nicholas Richard Hentz's sister in law in 1818 and 1821, and an affidavit of smallpox immunity. Legal material in English consists of a summons to appear in court from the 1850s and an affidavit of the birth of Charles Arnould Hentz, son of Charles A. Hentz, dated 1918. Financial material includes lists of receipts and household accounts, chiefly of Charles A. Hentz, ranging in date from 1782 to 1882.

Biographical and genealogical material consists of a copy from microfilm of a biographical sketch of several members of the Hentz family, including Nicholas Arnould Hentz (1750-1824) and Caroline Lee Hentz (1800-1856); a monograph on Nicholas M. Hentz by Collier Cobb, published in 1932; a biographical sketch of Nicholas M. Hentz by Mr. Pincheon; "Reminiscences, October 1887" by Charles A. Hentz, including biographical information about his father, Nicholas M.; biographical material excerpted from the preface to "The Spiders of the United States: A Collection of the Arachnological Writings of Nicholas Marcellus Hentz, M.D."; genealogical material on the Hentz family in French and in English; "A Pioneering Spider Man" ("Natural History," July 1996) by John Cooke; and an excerpt from "Genealogy, Robert Keyes, Solomon Keyes, Others of the Name," by Asa Keyes, published in 1880.

Miscellaneous material includes a copy from microfilm of a phrenological character analysis of Thaddeus W. Hentz, dated 1859; newspaper clippings from the 1850s of book reviews and obituaries, newspaper clippings concerning a violin made by William B. Hentz in 1929 (see Series 11); clippings of pictures and etchings; a clipping about a Hentz family reunion, probably in the 1950s; annual catalogs from the 1840s of the Medical Department, University of Louisville, Kentucky; a matriculation ticket dated 1847 for the University of Alabama; pamphlets on physiological memory; calling cards; a certificate admitting Charles A. Hentz to the Temperance Society in 1849; house plans; various notes and lists; and a card and a playbill in Portuguese.

Folder 9

Legal Documents #00332, Series: "5. Other Unbound Papers, 1782-1932, 1996." Folder 9

Folder 10

Financial Documents #00332, Series: "5. Other Unbound Papers, 1782-1932, 1996." Folder 10

Folder 11-12

Folder 11

Folder 12

Biological and Genealogical Material #00332, Series: "5. Other Unbound Papers, 1782-1932, 1996." Folder 11-12

Folder 13

Character Analysis #00332, Series: "5. Other Unbound Papers, 1782-1932, 1996." Folder 13

Folder 14-15

Folder 14

Folder 15

Miscellaneous #00332, Series: "5. Other Unbound Papers, 1782-1932, 1996." Folder 14-15

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 6. Diaries, 1836-1884.

7 items.

Arrangement: by author.

Diaries of Caroline Lee Hentz and her sons Thaddeus W. Hentz and Charles A. Hentz.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 6.1. Diaries of Caroline Lee Hentz, 1836.

2 items.

Caroline Lee Hentz's diary was written in 1836, during her stay at Florence, Ala. She and her husband, Nicholas M. Hentz, were at that time running a school for girls. There are two copies of her diary, which is a daily record of her life in Alabama, giving details on the operation of the school and on some of the students; notes on the weather; her husband's zoological and botanical activities; her relationships with her children and her husband; her own moods and emotions; and her impressions of family and friends. The original and a handwritten copy, probably made after the author's death, are on file here. The original was owned and annotated by Callie Hentz Branch in 1860, and in 1892 by Charles A. Hentz. The copy was owned by Julia Hentz Keyes.

Folder 16-17

Folder 16

Folder 17

Diaries of Caroline Lee Hentz #00332, Subseries: "6.1. Diaries of Caroline Lee Hentz, 1836." Folder 16-17

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 6.2. Diary of Thaddeus W. Hentz, 1863.

1 item.

In 1863, Thaddeus W. Hentz enlisted in the Confederate Army. While waiting for his orders to go to Camp Leon, he stayed with his sister Callie Hentz Branch in Quincy, Fla. He kept a diary during May 1863, detailing his thoughts on leaving his wife and children, his journey to Quincy, the dentistry work he performed along the way, and the first few days in camp. The diary is a copy from microfilm (see Collection Overview for details).

Folder 18

Diary of Thaddeus W. Hentz #00332, Subseries: "6.2. Diary of Thaddeus W. Hentz, 1863." Folder 18

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 6.3. Diaries of Charles A. Hentz, 1845-1884.

4 items.
Folder 19

Volume 1 (formerly Volume 5) 1845-1849; 1884 #00332, Subseries: "6.3. Diaries of Charles A. Hentz, 1845-1884." Folder 19

Charles A. Hentz kept a diary intermittently for most of his adult life. The first volume, dated 1845-1849, with some annotations from 1884, chronicles his family's departure from Tuscaloosa, Ala., on a steamboat for Mobile, Ala. He described the city of Mobile, its dissipated citizens, and his father's search for employment. The family took another steamer to Montgomery, Ala., and then the railroad and coach to Tuskegee, Ala., where his father had the promise of starting another female academy. He described the setting up of their household and the academy, the town of Tuskegee, his own experiences as a teacher at the Tuskegee Military Institute, the calling up of volunteers for the Mexican War, the amputation of a black woman's leg, and weather notes. In 1846, he left Tuskegee for Tuscaloosa and the University of Alabama, where he financed his studies by working as a physician's assistant. There are descriptions of his daily life with the doctor, and his opinions on religion, music, and his social life. At the end of the year, he and a friend journeyed to New Orleans by boat. He described the city, the Dutch immigrants traveling on their boat, Indians, and his trip to Louisville, Ky., to continue his medical studies. In 1847, after a visit home to Tuskegee, he returned to Louisville. The diary chronicles his social life and medical education, describing individual cases and autopsies and his work as librarian and curator of the Medical College of Louisville. Items of interest include an "animal magnetizer" and hypnotists, an operation to remove a tumor from a woman's abdomen, the use of chloroform as a recreational drug, and the many parties, picnics, and meetings of the "Spanish Ice Cream Club" he attended. The volume ends with a handwritten copy of several pages of another journal he kept during his stay in Cincinnati in 1849, while working as a physician in practice with his brother in law John Keyes. There are also records of miscellaneous expenses and notes in the back of the volume.

Folder 20

Volume 2 (formerly Volume 6) 1848-1851 #00332, Subseries: "6.3. Diaries of Charles A. Hentz, 1845-1884." Folder 20

In 1848, Charles A. Hentz moved to Port Jackson, Fla., on the banks of the Chattahoochee River (Jackson County), to practice medicine. His diary for this period describes his medical practice among the "piney woodsmen," and the flora and fauna of the Panhandle region of Florida. He also details his daily and social life, and his hobbies of hunting and "skeletonizing" birds and mammals. There are also descriptions of his medical cases, his trips to Marianna (Jackson County), Fla., to see his relatives, and a vivid reminiscence of the Christmas Day he spent in Louisville, Ky., in 1847. There is also a description of a New Year's Eve "country frolic" at his neighbor's house, and several sketches and drawings of Port Jackson, including scenes of the town and of his office. In 1850, the diary describes his life in Cincinnati practicing medicine with his brother in law John Keyes. Many of the pages in this section are torn out. Part of the section of the diary dealing with his stay in Cincinnati is copied into the end of Vol. 1, and part is copied into Vol. 3.

Folder 21

Volume 3 (formerly Volume 7) 1849-1850 #00332, Subseries: "6.3. Diaries of Charles A. Hentz, 1845-1884." Folder 21

Volume 3 consists of an apparent copy made by Charles A. Hentz of part of his diary for 1849 1851, during which time he was practicing medicine in Cincinnati. This material was probably contained originally in Vol. 2. Entries are in order from the most recent date to the earliest. They recount Hentz's life in Cincinnati, including his medical practice and patients, studies, social life, courtship of his fiancee Betty Page, and family news. There are also many descriptions of the city of Cincinnati and its inhabitants.

Folder 22

Volume 4 (formerly Volume 8) 1852-1869 #00332, Subseries: "6.3. Diaries of Charles A. Hentz, 1845-1884." Folder 22

By 1852, Charles A. Hentz had returned to Florida, this time settling in Gadsden County. In this diary, he wrote of fishing expeditions, social life, the flora and fauna of northern Florida, and his medical practice. On 5 April 1854, he married Mary Elizabeth ("Bettie") Gilliam Booth, and they moved to Quincy, Fla., where they were to remain for many years. From 1857-1869, the diary focuses chiefly on Hentz's medical practice, and daily and local life, with some mention of national politics and Florida's secession from the Union. In 1865, Hentz traveled on horseback to Tampa, Fla., and described the countryside, animal and plant life, and the backwoodsmen and fishermen of the region, and gave a vivid description of a plantation destroyed by the Union Army: "The water hole or well for supplying the engine was overgrown with a rank forest of weeds, and an alligator some six feet long splashed beneath the surface as we approached".

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 7. Autobiography of Charles A. Hentz, 1894.

2 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

In 1894, Charles A. Hentz wrote his autobiography, basing his reminiscences in large part on his diaries. Many of the anecdotes and stories are taken directly from the diaries. However, the autobiography tends to enlarge on the subjects in the diaries. The autobiography is in two parts, with a typed transcription accompanying each part. There are several letters, clippings, notes, and drawings pasted into each volume.

Part I of the autobiography, which covers the period between 1827 and 1865, gives background history on the Hentz family. Charles A. Hentz wrote also of his early life, describing memories of his parents; the literary society in Cincinnati to which his parents belonged, which also included Harriet Beecher Stowe; his father's interests in insects and his silkworm hobby; descriptions of slave life in Alabama; drawings of birds; a copy of a letter written by a "maniac" doctor; the family's move to Tuscaloosa, Ala., to start another female academy, and a description of that school and its students. After this point, the narrative follows that of the diaries, giving details of the family's move to Tuskegee, Ala.; Charles A. Hentz's medical studies and practice in Tuscaloosa, Ala., Louisville, Ky., and Cincinnati, Ohio; grave robbing by the medical school to obtain bodies for dissection; his graduation and move to Florida; and Northerners' impressions of slavery. He then described the establishment of his practice among the "piney woods people" of Port Jackson, Fla., "one of the worst, whisky drinking, fighting, horse racing, gambling communities to be found this side of Texas"; life in the backwoods; his mistake of giving chloroform to backwoodsmen; and local crimes and murders, adultery, and accidents. He also detailed his move to Cincinnati to make enough money to marry Betty Page, and their subsequent broken engagement; his obtaining an illegitimate German baby for dissection; his return to Florida and marriage to Bettie Booth; local characters; his life as a doctor treating plantation slaves; a trip to New England to visit Whiting relatives; the punishment of his slaves; medical practices; the death of both of his parents; his trip to New York to secure the copyright on his mother's literary works; and his religious conversion.

On the subject of the Civil War, there are descriptions of hospitals for soldiers and many accounts of the illnesses and deaths of family and local citizens, as well as detailed accounts of his participation in the defense against the raid by the Union Army on Marianna, 18 September-2 October 1864, and the capture of his brother Thaddeus. There also are descriptions of the Battle of Natural Bridge, Fla. near Tallahassee on 3 March 1865--including a description and a sketch of the battle--and the execution of Confederate deserters. Both battles were fought by black Union troops. Hentz then described the end of the war; the migration of many Confederates to South America, including several of his Keyes family relatives and his son William ("Willie") Booth Hentz (b. 1860); and his trip to Tampa Bay as a possible place to settle after the war. The end of the typed transcription includes several appendices consisting of transcriptions of the material pasted within the original volume, including an essay on "The Wild Turkey", obituaries of a medical school friend in New Orleans, and letters from Charles A. Hentz's mother, Caroline Lee Hentz.

Part II of the autobiography covers the period 1865-1893. Hentz's description of his trip to the Tampa Bay area is continued from the first part of the autobiography, giving descriptions of citrus plantations near Tampa, and camping and sailing up Tampa Bay. Other items of interest include a description of the murder of a white sheriff by four black men and their subsequent trial and execution; Hentz's medical practice, including a description of three girls burnt to death in a fire; various medical operations he performed; the family's move to Lake Monroe, probably in Lake County, Fla.; Northern schoolteachers "of the ultra rabid social equality type" in Jacksonville and their treatment of freedmen; a description of the family's new land and their vegetable and orange groves; wife Bettie's illness; local families and customs; problems with the farm; and the family's eventual return to Quincy and the resumption of Hentz's medical practice.

After the return to Quincy, the autobiography is concerned with the family's daily life; Swedish immigrants in Gadsden County; the death of Bettie Hentz in 1870, and Charles A. Hentz's courtship and marriage to his second wife, Cornelia Fitzgerald Munroe, in 1873; many accidents and illnesses of patients; cases of opium addiction; a visit to the Dead Lakes region of Calhoun County; the 1876 election of Rutherford B. Hayes, and the end of "Carpet Bag Rule" in Florida; the murder of a white man by freedmen, and the arrest and lynching of the latter. In 1880, Charles A. Hentz made a visit to the Indian River in east Florida in search of land in the vicinity of City Point (Brevard County). He described the land, fishing expeditions, and local plant, animal, and human inhabitants. In 1881, the family moved to Brevard County to start a citrus plantation.

After this point, the diary mainly describes the Indian River; the family's daily life in Brevard County; Hentz's visit to New Orleans to visit an old friend from medical school; his problems with a "wanton" hired girl from the Michigan Institution; a medical visit to the lighthouse keeper at Cape Canaveral; the earthquake of September 1886; and the visit of President Cleveland to Rockledge, Fla. In 1889, the family moved back to Quincy for the last time, due to Charles A. Hentz's poor health. He described his treatment for heart disease with the Electropoise machine and its miraculous effects.

Folder 23

Autobiography, Part I #00332, Series: "7. Autobiography of Charles A. Hentz, 1894." Folder 23

Folder 24

Typed transcription of Part I #00332, Series: "7. Autobiography of Charles A. Hentz, 1894." Folder 24

Folder 25

Autobiography, Part II #00332, Series: "7. Autobiography of Charles A. Hentz, 1894." Folder 25

Folder 26

Typed transcription of Part II #00332, Series: "7. Autobiography of Charles A. Hentz, 1894." Folder 26

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 8. Medical and Agricultural Records of Charles A. Hentz, 1849-1891.

3 items.

Arrangement: by type of material.

Folder 27

Obstetrical Record; 1849-1891 #00332, Series: "8. Medical and Agricultural Records of Charles A. Hentz, 1849-1891." Folder 27

Record book of obstetrical cases of Charles A. Hentz, in order by date, with an index to patient names in the back of the volume. Case descriptions for both white and black patients are included. There are other medical notes in the back of the volume, one dealing with a murder case.

Folder 28

Medical Journal; 1858-1863 #00332, Series: "8. Medical and Agricultural Records of Charles A. Hentz, 1849-1891." Folder 28

Diary of approximately 150 of Charles A. Hentz's most interesting medical cases, in order by date. Entries give details on symptoms and treatment of cases for both black and white patients. The back of the volume contains "Notes of Dickson's Chrome Thermal System of Medicine."

Folder 29

Agricultural Scrapbook; 1880s and undated #00332, Series: "8. Medical and Agricultural Records of Charles A. Hentz, 1849-1891." Folder 29

Scrapbook of newspaper and magazine clippings on orange growing, gardening, and other agricultural topics, pasted into the volume. There is a handwritten subject index in the back of the volume, along with several home remedies and recipes.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 9. Sketchbooks of Nicholas M. Hentz, 1817-1846.

2 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Sketchbooks of Nicholas M. Hentz, with sketches of animals, landscapes, people, human anatomy, insects, and plants. There are notes in both French and English, giving descriptions of fish, scientific observations, notes on artistic techniques, lists of the Latin names of birds, grocery lists, scattered accounts, and clippings of philosophical stories pasted into the volume.

Folder 30-31

Folder 30

Folder 31

Sketchbooks #00332, Series: "9. Sketchbooks of Nicholas M. Hentz, 1817-1846." Folder 30-31

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 10. Photographs, 1820-1930s.

3 items.
Image P-332/1

Photographic carte de visite of Nicholas M. Hentz, made by William Kuhns, Tallahassee, Fla. #00332, Series: "10. Photographs, 1820-1930s." P-332/1

Image P-332/2

Picture taken 22 September 1886 of four of Dr. Charles A. Hentz's children #00332, Series: "10. Photographs, 1820-1930s." P-332/2

Left to right: Mary Cornelia (b. 1876), Alice Monroe (b. 1874), Robina Logan (b. 1878), and their half-brother, Charles Arnold (b. 1870).

Image P-332/3

Picture of Hentz family gathering to bid farewell to Dr. and Mrs. William Booth Hentz, when they left Florida to return to Brazil, probably in the 1930s #00332, Series: "10. Photographs, 1820-1930s." P-332/3

Standing, left to right: Robina Logan Hentz Carroll (Mrs. Charles T. Carroll)(b. 1878); Charles T. Carroll (b. 1873); Jessie Dunbar Hentz Keyes (Mrs. George Keyes) (b. 1881), sister of Robina; Hal Fitzgerald Hentz (b. 1883), brother of Robina and Jessie; Frances Connally Hentz (Mrs. Hal F. Hentz); George N. Hatch, husband of Rebecca Louisa Hentz Hatch.

Seated, left to right: Alice Monroe Hentz (b. 1874), sister of Robina, Jessie, and Hal; Anita Vianna Hentz (Mrs. Willliam Booth Hentz); Dr. William Booth Hentz (b. 1860), older half-brother of Robina, Jessie, Hal, and Alice; Rebecca (Bexie) Louisa Hentz Hatch (Mrs. George N. Hatch)(b. 1865), sister of William Booth Hentz, half-sister of Robina, Jessie, Hal, and Alice.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 11. Violin, 1928.

1 item.

Violin made by William Booth Hentz, son of Charles A. Hentz, in 1928, with wood from pieces of the coffin of Pedro Menendez de Aviles, founder of St. Augustine, Fla., and wood from the old town hall of Salem, Mass.

Museum Item MU-332/1

Violin #00332, Series: "11. Violin, 1928." MU-332/1

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Addition of June 2000, circa 1865 and undated (Acc. 98639).

3 items.

Two photographs and one cased ambrotype. The photographs are childhood portraits of Julia Keyes Hentz Dumbar (b. 1862) and William Booth Hentz (b. 1860), taken circa 1865. The ambrotype is an undated portrait of Charles A. Hentz (1827-1894).

Special Format Image SF-0332/1

Julia Keyes Hentz Dumbar, circa 1865 #00332, Series: "Addition of June 2000, circa 1865 and undated (Acc. 98639)." SF-0332/1

Special Format Image SF-0332/2

William Booth Hentz, circa 1865 #00332, Series: "Addition of June 2000, circa 1865 and undated (Acc. 98639)." SF-0332/2

Special Format Image SF-0332/3

Ambrotype: Charles A. Hentz, undated #00332, Series: "Addition of June 2000, circa 1865 and undated (Acc. 98639)." SF-0332/3

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Addition of May 2005, 1848, 1889 (Acc. 100052).

2 items.

Two documents relating to the medical practice of Charles A. Hentz. The first is Charles A. Hentz's medical doctorate from the University of Louisville, Ken., received in 1848. The second document is Hentz's medical practice license for the state of Florida, awarded in 1889.

Rolled Item R-332/1-2

R-332/1

R-332/2

Charles A. Hentz, medical practice documents #00332, Series: "Addition of May 2005, 1848, 1889 (Acc. 100052)." R-332/1-2

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Addition of September 2005, circa 1821 (Acc. 100222).

1 item.

Hentz Family Bible, published 1821. There is very little if any annotation, thought there are a few scattered pieces of genealogical material interspersed throughout the volume.

Oversize Volume SV-332/2

Hentz Family Bible, 1821 #00332, Series: "Addition of September 2005, circa 1821 (Acc. 100222)." SV-332/2

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Addition of May 2009, 1862-1901 (Acc. 101110).

8 items.

The 1862 diary documents Charles A. Hentz's daily activities as a practicing doctor in the area of Quincy, Fla., and his work at the military hospital established there. The diaries dated from 1880 to 1901 describe Charles A. Hentz's everyday activities as a doctor in Quincy, Fla., and as a citrus farmer in City Point, Fla. Notable entries include 17 May 1880, describing an operation performed by Hentz to remove part of the skull of an African American man who had suffered a fractured skull. Entries in 1888 and 1890 document the illness of Cornelia Hentz (1852-1894), second wife of Charles A. Hentz. There is also an 1899 diary kept by Ella Hentz describing a journey she took with William Booth Hentz to a family wedding in City Point, Fla., and back to their home in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Finally, there is a diary kept by William Booth Hentz during a visit to City Point, Fla., and Quincy, Fla, from March to May 1901.

Folder 32

Charles A. Hentz Diary, 1862 #00332, Series: "Addition of May 2009, 1862-1901 (Acc. 101110)." Folder 32

Contains entries describing Charles A. Hentz's daily activities as a practicing doctor in the area of Quincy, Fla., and his work at the military hospital established there.

Folder 33

Charles A. Hentz Diary, 1880 #00332, Series: "Addition of May 2009, 1862-1901 (Acc. 101110)." Folder 33

17 May 1880 entry describes an operation performed by Charles A. Hentz to remove part of the skull of an African American man who had suffered a fractured skull.

Folder 34

Charles A. Hentz Diary, 1883 #00332, Series: "Addition of May 2009, 1862-1901 (Acc. 101110)." Folder 34

Folder 35

Charles A. Hentz Diary, 1887 #00332, Series: "Addition of May 2009, 1862-1901 (Acc. 101110)." Folder 35

Folder 36

Charles A. Hentz Diary, 1888 #00332, Series: "Addition of May 2009, 1862-1901 (Acc. 101110)." Folder 36

Folder 37

Charles A. Hentz Diary, 1890-1891 #00332, Series: "Addition of May 2009, 1862-1901 (Acc. 101110)." Folder 37

Folder 38

Ella Hentz Diary, 1899 #00332, Series: "Addition of May 2009, 1862-1901 (Acc. 101110)." Folder 38

Short daily entries by Ella Hentz documenting a journey she took with William Booth Hentz to a family wedding in City Point, Fla., and back to their home in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. William Booth Hentz authors entries beginning in July 1899.

Folder 39

William Booth Hentz Diary, March-May 1901 #00332, Series: "Addition of May 2009, 1862-1901 (Acc. 101110)." Folder 39

Describes William Booth Hentz's visit to City Point, Fla., and Quincy, Fla.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Items Separated

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Processing Information

Processed by: Elizabeth Pauk, September 1991

Encoded by: Eben Lehman, March 2006

Finding aid updated by Martin Gengenbach, December 2010, and June, 2011.

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