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Collection Number: 04017

Collection Title: Harriet L. Herring Papers, 1925-1968

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


This collection was processed with support from the Randleigh Foundation Trust.

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Size 8.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 3500 items)
Abstract Harriet Herring was a research associate at the Institute for Research in Social Science and professor in the Department of Sociology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Over half of these papers are letters between Harriet Herring and textile mill representatives, research colleagues, newspaper and journal editors, and politicians. Most of the rest of the papers are writings, including drafts of books, articles, speeches, and other works, and material collected during her research. The papers date from Herring's 1925 appointment as research assistant at the Institute for Research in Social Science to her retirement from the University of North Carolina in 1968. Most of the letters are of a professional nature, relating largely to research projects and other academic activities. There also are scattered personal letters, particularly from the 1960s. The topics of the writings include labor strikes in Southern cotton mills, life in mill villages in North Carolina, welfare work in mill villages, part-time farming by mill workers, tax support for public schools, industrial relations, and various other facets of Southern industrialization. Prominent correspondents include Luther H. Hodges, governor of North Carolina and U.S. Secretary of Commerce; University of North Carolina president Frank Porter Graham; University of North Carolina sociologist and Institute director Howard W. Odum; and Gerald White Johnson of the Baltimore "Sun" newspaper.
Creator Herring, Harriet L. (Harriet Laura)
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Harriet L. Herring Papers #4017, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from the estate of Harriet L. Herring, Kingston, N.C., April 1977 and November 1980. Addition transferred from the North Carolina Collection, UNC-CH, in March 1983.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Harriet Laura Herring (27 July 1892-18 December 1976), social science researcher and student of socio-industrial relations in the South, was born in Kinston, N.C., daughter of William Isler and Laura Loftin Herring. A member of the class of 1913 at Meredith College, Harriet spent 1914-1915 as a high school teacher in Scotland Neck, N.C., then two years on the staff at Chowan College, 1915-1917. She received a master's degree in history from Radcliffe in 1918 and a special certificate in industrial relations from Bryn Mawr College the following year.

Herring began her lifelong work with the industrial community and its workers as an employment manager with the Roxford Knitting Company, Philadelphia, Penn., in 1918. She returned to North Carolina and became a community worker for the Pomona Mills in Greensboro, and, in 1922, personnel director for the Carolina Cotton and Woolen Mills, a division of Marshall Field and Company in Spray. There, with the support of Luther H. Hodges, then personnel manager for Marshall Field in the Leaksville-Spray area, she instituted the first comprehensive employee welfare system for cotton mill workers in the South.

In 1925, Herring accepted the invitation of Director Howard W. Odum to join the staff of the Institute for Research in Social Science (IRSS) at the University of North Carolina. Her appointment as a research associate charged with examining reports of social ills connected with the industrialization of the South was sought by Odum in the belief that, having been "born here of the same folk," she would be an investigator acceptable to mill owners and others in positions of power and influence. IRSS's projected study of the wide-ranging effects of paternalism in the textile industry was, however, rejected by the North Carolina Cotton Manufactures Association and attacked by David Clark, editor of the Southern Textile Bulletin. As a result, Herring's initial research focused on the company's role in shaping life in the mill village. Published as Welfare Work in Mill Villages: The Story of Extra-Mill Activities in North Carolina (1929), it was but the first of many investigations of the textile industry in particular and the industrialization of the region in general she would conduct as IRSS's specialist in industrial research. During her 40-year association with IRSS, she wrote numerous articles and reports on these subjects and two more books, Southern Industry and Regional Development (1940) and Passing of the Mill Village: Revolution in a Southern Institution (1949).

Herring also contributed to IRSS's research in other areas. During the 1930s, with Odum and T. J. Woofter, Jr., she directed a group of related projects on "A State in Depression." She was coauthor of Part-time Farming in the Southeast (1937), a research monograph prepared for the Works Progress Administration, one in a series on the plight of the southern farmer. With George L. Simpson she wrote North Carolina Associated Communities: A Case Study of Voluntary Subregional Organization (1953), one of a number of community surveys prepared during the directorship of Gordon W. Blackwell. Throughout this period, Herring also served on the faculty of the Department of Sociology at UNC, teaching a course on the industrial community.

Her continuing investigation of social welfare questions and her commitment to the industrialization of the state and the region influenced her activities outside the institute and the university. She participated in the work of the North Carolina Conference for Social Service, serving as secretary from 1928 to 1931. She was frequently a consultant to the state government of North Carolina. On leave from the IRSS, she served as state superintendent of reemployment during the 1930s, and later she produced a section-by-section study entitled Industrial Development in North Carolina , issued by the State Planning Board in 1945. Governor William B. Umstead appointed her to the Commission of Reorganization of State government (1953-1957). With other members of the institute staff, she provided the leadership for the state Commission on Revenue Structure's Conference on Economic and Social Factors in the Development of North Carolina (1955-1956). In addition, she was active in politics on all levels; in 1960, she was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention.

After retiring from UNC in 1965, she continued to live in Chapel Hill for several years as professor emeritus of sociology. She then returned to the Kinston area. At the time of her death at age 84, Herring was working on a social history of industrial communities through the ages.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

Over half of these papers are letters between Harriet Herring and textile mill representatives, research colleagues, newspaper and journal editors, and politicians. Most of the rest of the papers are writings, including drafts of books, articles, speeches, and other works, and material collected during her research. The papers date from Herring's 1925 appointment as research assistant at the Institute for Research in Social Science to her retirement from the University of North Carolina in 1968. Most of the letters are of a professional nature, relating largely to research projects and other academic activities. There also are scattered personal letters, particularly from the 1960s. The topics of the writings include labor strikes in Southern cotton mills, life in mill villages in North Carolina, welfare work in mill villages, part-time farming by mill workers, tax support for public schools, industrial relations, and various other facets of Southern industrialization. Prominent correspondents include Luther H. Hodges, governor of North Carolina and U.S. Secretary of Commerce; University of North Carolina president Frank Porter Graham; University of North Carolina sociologist and Institute director Howard W. Odum; and Gerald White Johnson of the Baltimore "Sun" newspaper.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated.

About 2,600 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Personal and professional communications between Herring and researchers, colleagues, mill owners, and others interested in southern industrialization and the textile industry. Correspondence with individuals in the fields of publishing and politics is also frequent. Topics include Herring's research at IRSS on life in mill villages; the history of the southern textile industry; her observations of labor strikes in Gastonia, Marion, and Greensboro, N.C., and in Danville, Va.; and the need for industrial education in secondary and vocation schools in North Carolina. There are also discussions of Herring's writings.

Of particular interest are reports of interviews by Herring with mill workers, mill executives, and others, and first-hand descriptions of living and working conditions mill villages across North Carolina. Most of this material went into Herring's Welfare Work in Mill Villages (1929). Also noteworthy are the personal (often marked "confidential") descriptions, most by local ministers, of strikes and union activities between 1929 and 1933 in piedmont North Carolina and the Danville, Va., area.

Later correspondence makes frequent references, especially in the 1950s and 1960s, to her academic responsibilities--service on committees, correspondence with former students, and preparation for classes. Also included are letters concerning Herring's memberships in the North Carolina League of Women Voters, the North Carolina State Planning Board, and the Governor's Council on Unemployment and Relief in North Carolina, and letters relating to her active participation on the state and national levels in the Democratic Party in the 1950s and 1960s. There are also some family letters from the 1960s.

There is correspondence for most years with Luther H. Hodges, governor of North Carolina and U.S. Secretary of Commerce, a lifelong friend of Herring's whom she met early in her textile mill research. Other prominent correspondents include University of North Carolina President Frank Porter Graham, 1928-1934, about Herring's work on mills and mill villages; Howard W. Odum, University of North Carolina sociologist and director of IRSS, about research projects; and Gerald White Johnson, writer from the Baltimore Sun newspaper, about scholarly and personal concerns.

Folder 1

1925 March-September #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 1

Folder 2

1925 October-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 2

Folder 3

1926 January-May #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 3

Folder 4

1926 June-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 4

Folder 5

1927 January-May #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 5

Folder 6

1927 June-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 6

Folder 7

1928 January-February #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 7

Folder 8

1928 March 1-5 #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 8

Folder 9

1928 March 6-9 #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 9

Folder 10

1928 March 10-31 #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 10

Folder 11

1928 May-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 11

Folder 12

1929 January-March #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 12

Folder 13

1929 April-June #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 13

Folder 14

1929 July-September #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 14

Folder 15

1929 October #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 15

Folder 16

1929 November-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 16

Folder 17

1930 January-March #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 17

Folder 18

1930 April-May #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 18

Folder 19

1930 June-July #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 19

Folder 20

1930 August-September #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 20

Folder 21

1930 October-November #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 21

Folder 22

1930 December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 22

Folder 23

1931 January #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 23

Folder 24

1931 February #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 24

Folder 25

1931 March-June #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 25

Folder 26

1931 July-August #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 26

Folder 27

1931 September-October #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 27

Folder 28

1931 November-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 28

Folder 29

1932 January-March #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 29

Folder 30

1932 April-August #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 30

Folder 31

1932 September-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 31

Folder 32

1933 January-May #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 32

Folder 33

1933 June-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 33

Folder 34

1934 January-June #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 34

Folder 35

1934 July-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 35

Folder 36

1935 #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 36

Folder 37

1936 January-March #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 37

Folder 38

1936 April #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 38

Folder 39

1936 May-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 39

Folder 40

1937 January-September #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 40

Folder 41

1937 October-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 41

Folder 42

1938 January-May #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 42

Folder 43

1938 June-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 43

Folder 44

1939 January-April #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 44

Folder 45

1939 May-June #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 45

Folder 46

1939 July-October #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 46

Folder 47

1939 November-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 47

Folder 48

1940 January #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 48

Folder 49

1940 February #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 49

Folder 50

1940 March #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 50

Folder 51

1940 April #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 51

Folder 52

1940 May-June #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 52

Folder 53

1940 July #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 53

Folder 54

1940 August-September #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 54

Folder 55

1940 October-November #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 55

Folder 56

1940 December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 56

Folder 57

1941-1943 #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 57

Folder 58

1944 #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 58

Folder 59

1945 March-September #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 59

Folder 60

1945 October-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 60

Folder 61

1946 January-February #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 61

Folder 62

1946 March-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 62

Folder 63

1947 #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 63

Folder 64

1948 #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 64

Folder 65

1949 January-October #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 65

Folder 66

1949 November-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 66

Folder 67

1950 January-February #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 67

Folder 68

1950 March-April #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 68

Folder 69

1950 May-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 69

Folder 70

1951 January-May #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 70

Folder 71

1951 June-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 71

Folder 72

1952 January-May #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 72

Folder 73

1952 June-September #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 73

Folder 74

1952 October-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 74

Folder 75

1953 January-March #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 75

Folder 76

1953 April-June #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 76

Folder 77

1953 July-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 77

Folder 78

1954 January-August #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 78

Folder 79

1954 September-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 79

Folder 80

1955 January-May #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 80

Folder 81

1955 June-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 81

Folder 82

1956 #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 82

Folder 83

1957 January-August #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 83

Folder 84

1957 September-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 84

Folder 85

1958 #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 85

Folder 86

1959 #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 86

Folder 87

1950s undated #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 87

Folder 88

1960 January-April #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 88

Folder 89

1960 May-August #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 89

Folder 90

1960 September-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 90

Folder 91

1961 January-May #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 91

Folder 92

1961 June-October #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 92

Folder 93

1961 November-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 93

Folder 94

1962 January-March #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 94

Folder 95

1962 April-May #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 95

Folder 96

1962 June-July #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 96

Folder 97

1962 August-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 97

Folder 98

1963 January-April #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 98

Folder 99

1963 May-October #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 99

Folder 100

1963 November-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 100

Folder 101

1964 January-March #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 101

Folder 102

1964 April-July #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 102

Folder 103

1964 August-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 103

Folder 104

1965 January-September #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 104

Folder 105

1965 October-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 105

Folder 106

1966 January-June #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 106

Folder 107

1966 July-December #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 107

Folder 108

1967-1968 #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 108

Folder 109

1960s undated #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 109

Folder 110-112

Folder 110

Folder 111

Folder 112

Undated letters #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 110-112

Folder 113

Undated memoranda #04017, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1925-1968 and undated." Folder 113

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Writings, 1926-1967.

About 1,200 items.

Arrangement: by title.

Principally typed versions of books, articles, monographs, book reviews, and course materials by Harriet Herring. There are occasional outlines and notes towards these works. Most of the writings, some of which were not published, related in some way to the textile industry or to public services, although there are a few pieces about topics outside of Herring's professional interests.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1. Books, 1920s-1960s.

About 600 items.

Arrangement: by title.

Typewritten copies, drafts, hand-written texts, notes, and other items relating to some of Harriet Herring's writings. Herring was the author of many books, pamphlets and monographs. This subseries contains draft copies for North Carolina's New Industrial Opportunity (1945); Part-time Farming in the Southeast (1937); Southern Resources for Industrial Development (1940); chapter from her unfinished History of the Textile Industry in the South (unpublished); and numerous chapters from her best-known book, Welfare Work in Mill Villages (1929). The hand-written draft of Welfare Work in Mill Villages includes data (especially statistics) not found in the published version. It includes 15 chapters (the published work has 18), with chapters 3 and 4 missing. In addition, there is an essay entitled "Development of Welfare Work, Parts I and II" that relates to chapters 16 and 17 of the book.

Folder 114-120

Folder 114

Folder 115

Folder 116

Folder 117

Folder 118

Folder 119

Folder 120

History of the Textile Industry in the South , [unpublished] #04017, Subseries: "2.1. Books, 1920s-1960s." Folder 114-120

Folder 121

North Carolina's New Industrial Opportunity , for N.C. State Planning Board #04017, Subseries: "2.1. Books, 1920s-1960s." Folder 121

Folder 122-128

Folder 122

Folder 123

Folder 124

Folder 125

Folder 126

Folder 127

Folder 128

Part-Time Farming in the South East #04017, Subseries: "2.1. Books, 1920s-1960s." Folder 122-128

Folder 129-132

Folder 129

Folder 130

Folder 131

Folder 132

Southern Resources for Industrial Development #04017, Subseries: "2.1. Books, 1920s-1960s." Folder 129-132

Folder 133-149

Folder 133

Folder 134

Folder 135

Folder 136

Folder 137

Folder 138

Folder 139

Folder 140

Folder 141

Folder 142

Folder 143

Folder 144

Folder 145

Folder 146

Folder 147

Folder 148

Folder 149

Welfare Work in Mill Villages #04017, Subseries: "2.1. Books, 1920s-1960s." Folder 133-149

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s.

About 600 items.

Arrangement: alphabetical by title.

Drafts of term papers and/or articles (or extracts from them) that focus on community disorganization and disunity caused by social and economic change. Many of the papers analyze the social problems of cotton mill towns in North Carolina from the perspective of natives of those towns. Other topics include the Ku Klux Klan and racial segregation. Several papers are about communities in states outside the South. The authors of about half of the papers are cited, most of them being labeled either "undergraduate" or "teacher."

Folder 150

"The Beginnings of Industrial Social Work" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 150

Folder 151

"Blood Relationships and Tradition as an Organizing Force" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 151

Folder 152

"The Centralized Employment Office: Advantages and Disadvantages" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 152

Folder 153

"The Changing Status of Religious Conflict in Community Life" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 153

Folder 154

"The College Women and Her State" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 154

Folder 155

"Community Organization" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 155

Folder 156

"Company Housing" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 156

Folder 157

"A Complete Cycle of Community Rise and Decline" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 157

Folder 158

"Consolidation of Long Creek High School" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 158

Folder 159

"The Cotton Mill Becomes Respectable" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 159

Folder 160

"Cotton Mill Town" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 160

Folder 161

"The Cotton Mill Village Liquidates" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 161

Folder 162

"Decentralization of Industry" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 162

Folder 163

"Disorganization in a 'Go-Getter' Town" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 163

Folder 164

"The Organizing Influence of One Church" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 164

Folder 165

"Disunity in a Mining Town" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 165

Folder 166

"Disunity in a Residential Town" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 166

Folder 167

"A Dual Conflict in the Nature of the Community and in its Leadership" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 167

Folder 168

"Duff Green and States' Rights" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 168

Folder 169

"Early Industrial Development in the South" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 169

Folder 170

"Economic Stagnation and Disorganization" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 170

Folder 171

"Factories and Social Complexes in a Cotton Mill Town" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 171

Folder 172

"Factors in North Carolina's Manufacturing Contributing to Low Rank in Per Capita Income" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 172

Folder 173-176

Folder 173

Folder 174

Folder 175

Folder 176

"The Guaranteed Annual Wage and the Manufacturing Division, Marshall Field and Co." #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 173-176

Folder 177

"Harvard, Illinois" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 177

Folder 178

"The Head Man in Commerce Goes Shopping" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 178

Folder 179

"The History of Mill Welfare Work with Special Reference to Mills in North Carolina" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 179

Folder 180-182

Folder 180

Folder 181

Folder 182

"A Hospital Stay" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 180-182

Folder 183

"The Industrial Situation in North Carolina" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 183

Folder 184

"Industry Comes to N.C.: A Community Pattern" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 184

Folder 185

"Jefferson: Town and Gown Conflict" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 185

Folder 186

[Labor Troubles in the Danville area, 1930: Personal Observations of HLH] #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 186

Folder 187

"Layout and Location as Disorganizing Factors" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 187

Folder 188-191

Folder 188

Folder 189

Folder 190

Folder 191

"Local Support for Public School: A Proposal Index of Ability for N.C." #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 188-191

Folder 192

"The Metamorphosis of the Docile Worker" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 192

Folder 193

"Neighborhood Rivalry and School Consolidation" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 193

Folder 194

[On the Democratic Convention, 1960 and on the Marshall Field Co.'s Labor Policy] #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 194

Folder 195

"The Outside Employer in the Southern Industrial Pattern" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 195

Folder 196

"Part-Time Farming in Western North Carolina" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 196

Folder 197

"Paternalism in a Mountain Community" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 197

Folder 198

"The 'Paternalistic' Owner and the 'Foreign Agitator', A Program for Each" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 198

Folder 199

"Peace or War in Southern Textiles? A Question for the Southern Public" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 199

Folder 200

"Physical Examinations for Employees in the Textile Industry" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 200

Folder 201

"The Piedmont: Past and Promise" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 201

Folder 202

"The Present Textile Industry and Its Workers" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 202

Folder 203

"Problems of Industrial Adjustment" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 203

Folder 204

"A Program for Planning Optimum Production in Manufactures with Special Reference to the South" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 204

Folder 205

"Racial Segregation in a Rural Community" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 205

Folder 206

"Rank of North Carolina Among the Several States in Selected Educational Factors" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 206

Folder 207

"The Sale of Houses to Mill Employees" and Reprint from Textile World #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 207

Folder 208

"The Sale of Mill Houses: Lessons from New England for the South" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 208

Folder 209-210

Folder 209

Folder 210

"Sale of Mill Village Houses: A Southern Revolution" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 209-210

Folder 211

"Saturated Community" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 211

Folder 212

"Social Development in the Mill Village" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 212

Folder 213

"Social Distance in Twin Towns" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 213

Folder 214

"The Social Worker and One Phase of the NIRA" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 214

Folder 215

"The Social Worker and the Operation of the New Deal" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 215

Folder 216

"Sociology and Industrial Relations" and"Some Estimates of the Market for Gasoline..at Wilmington" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 216

Folder 217

"Some Regional Indices of Agricultural Equipment Basic to Southern Regional Planning" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 217

Folder 218

"Something Old and Something New" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 218

Folder 219

"The Southern Industrial Problem As the Social Worker Sees It" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 219

Folder 220

"The Southern Industrial Worker" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 220

Folder 221

"The Southern Mill System Faces a New Issue" and reprint #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 221

Folder 222

"Southern Youth and the Southern Labor Problem" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 222

Folder 223-224

Folder 223

Folder 224

"A Study of Living Costs of N.C. Teachers" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 223-224

Folder 225

"Subscribing to a Newspaper" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 225

Folder 226

"Sure and Steady" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 226

Folder 227

"On Taxes, Gifts, and Dictionaries" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 227

Folder 228

"Textile Machinery: Agent and Object of Change" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 228

Folder 229

"Town Analysis" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 229

Folder 230

"A Town's Decline from Political Leadership to Mediocrity" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 230

Folder 231

"Tracing the Development of Welfare Work in N.C. Textile Industry" and a draft #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 231

Folder 232

"Twelve Cents, the Troops and the Union" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 232

Folder 233

Unknown Essays #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 233

Folder 234

"The U.S. Government and Part-Time Farming" (c. 1953 or 54) #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 234

Folder 235-236

Folder 235

Folder 236

"Visit of Observation to Eastern and New England Plants, Housing Projects and Research Departments" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 235-236

Folder 237-238

Folder 237

Folder 238

"Wagram: Blood Relationship and Tradition as Organizing Forces" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 237-238

Folder 239

"Welfare Work in the North Carolina Textile Industry" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 239

Folder 240

"West Boston: The KKK in Church and School" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 240

Folder 241

"Worker and the Public in the Southern Textile Problem" #04017, Subseries: "2.2. Essays and Shorter Works, 1920s-1960s." Folder 241

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Research Materials, 1928-1950.

About 600 items.

Arrangement: alphabetically by topic.

Copies of articles and editorials collected by Herring on topics relating to the textile industry; excerpts from sources consulted; and bibliographies, reports, notes, interviews, and tabulated statistical data. Included are reports and notes, interviews, and statistical data gathered for Welfare Work in Mill Villages.

The mill reports are typed records by Herring about each cotton mill she visited during her research for Welfare Work in Mill Villages . They begin with the name of the mill, date established, number of employees, and location. Then follows a description of "extra-mill" activities (schools, churches, athletics, medical care, housing, sanitation, company stores, insurance, utilities, and streets) available to mill workers either through the mill itself or through local welfare agencies. The reports vary from one paragraph to over five pages and often include Herring's personal opinions of mill executives and living conditions in mill villages not included in the book. Herring also kept note cards with information about individual mills: its location, number of employees, the name of company executive whom Herring called, and brief comments on whether or not the mill employees were receiving welfare benefits or had "outside" activities available to them.

Herring also interviewed mill workers, farmers, nurses, physicians, teachers, ministers, and others in mill villages across North Carolina to gather facts and background material for her book. Reports of these interviews, one or more pages in length, discuss living and working conditions in cotton mills villages. Several mill workers traced the history of their family connection as far back as the antebellum period.

This series also contains handwritten statistical data on mills.

Folder 242-244

Folder 242

Folder 243

Folder 244

Articles by Others #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 242-244

Folder 245

Bibliographies on Industrial and Social Relations #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 245

Folder 246

Bibliography on Mill Villages in Southern Textile Mills and a Periodical list (articles) on Southern Textile Mills #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 246

Folder 247

Bibliography on Southern Labor: 1865-1934, Georgia #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 247

Folder 248

Bibliography on Southern Labor: 1865-1934 #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 248

Folder 249

Bibliography on Textile Industry (1951), unions, strikes, and cotton manufacturers #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 249

Folder 250-251

Folder 250

Folder 251

Book Reviews by Harriet Herring #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 250-251

Folder 252

Guidelines for Preparing a Bibliography on Southern Labor #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 252

Folder 253

Interviews: With Mill Workers and other Citizens #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 253

Folder 254

Interviews: With Persons from the Professions #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 254

Folder 255

IRSS Research Proposal: Cone Community Study #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 255

Folder 256-258

Folder 256

Folder 257

Folder 258

Lecture Notes for Sociology 169 #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 256-258

Folder 259

Library of Congress Bibliography on the Cotton Industry #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 259

Folder 260

Research Material, Reports and Notes: List of General Books to Read #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 260

Folder 261-282

Folder 261

Folder 262

Folder 263

Folder 264

Folder 265

Folder 266

Folder 267

Folder 268

Folder 269

Folder 270

Folder 271

Folder 272

Folder 273

Folder 274

Folder 275

Folder 276

Folder 277

Folder 278

Folder 279

Folder 280

Folder 281

Folder 282

Research Material, Reports and Notes: Mill Reports #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 261-282

Folder 283-284

Folder 283

Folder 284

Newspaper Editorials #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 283-284

Folder 285

Notes on National Organizations Concerned with Welfare of Mill Workers #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 285

Folder 286

Notes on Southern Textile Mills #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 286

Folder 287

Notes on State, Regional, and National Cotton Manufac. Assoc. #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 287

Folder 288

Notes on Textile Mills in Northeast #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 288

Folder 289-290

Folder 289

Folder 290

Outlines for Sociology 169 #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 289-290

Folder 291

Reports on Professional Conferences on Industrial Relations and Welfare Work #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 291

Folder 292-293

Folder 292

Folder 293

Research Proposals for IRSS #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 292-293

Folder 294

Speeches by Harriet Herring #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 294

Folder 295

Reports and Notes: Status of Welfare Work, A-F #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 295

Folder 296

Reports and Notes: Status of Welfare Work, G-M #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 296

Folder 297

Reports and Notes: Status of Welfare Work, N-R #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 297

Folder 298

Reports and Notes: Status of Welfare Work, S-Z #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 298

Folder 299

Summary of Economic Progress in the South, 1910-1928 #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 299

Folder 300

Tabulated Statistical Data on Various North Carolina Cotton Mills #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 300

Folder 301

Transcript Excerpts from Tracts and Other Papers ...by Peter Force (1836) #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 301

Folder 302

Transcripts of Newspaper editorials in the Danville, Va. strike #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 302

Folder 303

U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Bibliography on Economic Development of the Cotton-Textile Industry in the U.S. #04017, Series: "3. Research Materials, 1928-1950." Folder 303

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960.

About 400 items.

A small number of personal legal and financial items; reviews of books by Herring; minutes and reports of organizations with which Herring was associated; and a collection of newspaper and magazine clippings and other published material about Herring or topics of interest to her, especially personal accounts of strikes and union activity in North Carolina and Virginia. Most of these reports were written by Rev. Ronald J. Tamblyn of Greensboro, James Myers of the Federal Council of Churches, and an anonymous author (possibly Herring). Reports analyze strike situations at specific cotton mills in central North Carolina and Danville, Va., 1929-1933. Most reports review the causes of the strike, describe the situation of the workers during the fight for union representation, and include accounts of conversations with workers and strike leaders. Two of the reports (probably by Herring) recount the "Trial of Gastonia Strikers" in September 1929, and one of the reports (written by union officials) describes labor unrest in High Point, N.C.

Folder 304

Articles on Textile Mills in Greensboro, N.C., 1909-1916 #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 304

Folder 305

Articles on Textile Mills in Greensboro, N.C., 1905-1909 #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 305

Folder 306

Critique of Chapters 1 and 2 of Welfare Work in Mill Villages #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 306

Folder 307

Guide to the Harriet Laura Herring Clipping Collections in the North Carolina Collection #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 307

Folder 308

Miscellaneous Reports #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 308

Folder 309

Legal and Financial Material #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 309

Folder 310

Notes, Author unknown #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 310

Folder 311

Other Printed Material #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 311

Folder 312

Outlines, Author unknown #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 312

Folder 313-323

Folder 313

Folder 314

Folder 315

Folder 316

Folder 317

Folder 318

Folder 319

Folder 320

Folder 321

Folder 322

Folder 323

Personal Descriptions of Strikes, 1929-1931 #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 313-323

Folder 324

Miscellaneous Printed Material #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 324

Folder 325

Newspaper Clippings #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 325

Folder 326

Reports: Informal Conference on Relief in Mill Villages #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 326

Folder 327

Reports: North Carolina Conference for Social Services, 1930 #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 327

Folder 328

Reports: UNC Sociology Dept., October 1963 #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 328

Folder 329

Reports: Committee for Research in the Social Sciences, Harvard University, 1937 #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 329

Folder 330

Reviews of Herring's Books #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 330

Folder 331-332

Folder 331

Folder 332

Reviews in Journals for Welfare Work in Mill Villages #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 331-332

Folder 333

Transcripts of "Textile Code Hearing," 27 June 1933 #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." Folder 333

Oversize Paper Folder OPF-4017/1

Miscellaneous oversize papers #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." OPF-4017/1

Extra Oversize Paper Folder XOPF-4017/1

Extra-oversize papers #04017, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Material, 1905-1960." XOPF-4017/1

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 5. Photographs, 1950s-1960s.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Items Separated

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Processing Information

Processed by: Elaine Kaye Lanning, February 1981; William Auman, March 1984; Revised by: Carolyn Hamby, March 1996.

Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008

This collection was processed with support from the Randleigh Foundation Trust

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