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Collection Number: 02984

Collection Title: Daniel Alexander Horn Papers, 1850-1891

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


Funding from the Watson-Brown Foundation, Inc., supported the encoding of this finding aid.

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Size 2.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 49 items)
Abstract Daniel Alexander Horn of South Carolina was an adventurer and planter. He sought his fortune in California in the early 1850s, but later returned to Cheraw, S.C. About 1860, he moved to Thomas County, Ga., where he purchased a large plantation about five miles north of Boston, Ga., and raised grain and cattle until 1875. He then sold the plantation and moved into Boston, where he erected and ran a cotton warehouse, planing mill, and cotton gin, until his death in 1891. The collection consists of letters, 1850-1853, written by Daniel Alexander Horn to his mother in Cheraw, S.C., and to other members of his family and friends, describing his voyage from New York to the West Coast, his crossing of the Isthmus of Panama, his attempts to make money in the mines of California, and his employment in the growing city of San Francisco. The letters contain his views of business and social conditions in California, law and order, attitudes of the people, the activities of the Methodist Church, the flood of Asian immigrants, climate and health, personal living arrangements, and prices, and include inquiries about affairs at home. Also included is Horn's diary (27 volumes), written at Cheraw, 1855, and in Thomas County, 1867-1891, concerning his household, farm work, cattle, weather, social life, and church attendance.
Creator Horn, Daniel Alexander, 1818-1891.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Daniel Alexander Horn Papers #2984, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alternate Form of Material
Letters from Panama published (with some omissions) in Hispanic American Historical Review, volume XLI (November 1961).
Acquisitions Information
Purchased from J. A. Horn of Boston, Ga., December 1953-August 1954; received from Mrs. William K. Meadow of Atlanta, Ga., in October 1963.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Daniel Alexander Horn of South Carolina was an adventurer and planter. He sought his fortune in California in the early 1850s, but later returned to Cheraw, S.C. About 1860, he moved to Thomas County, Ga., where he purchased a large plantation about five miles north of Boston, Ga., and raised grain and cattle until 1875. He then sold the plantation and moved into Boston, where he erected and ran a cotton warehouse, planing mill, and cotton gin, until his death in 1891.

Horn married Isabella McLeod (1825-1875) in 1855. Their children were Daniel, Laurie(?), Nancy Evans, and Dessy. His second wife was Missouri McLeod ("Miss Zue"). Their children were Sandy and Mary.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection consists of letters, 1850-1853 (22 items), written by Daniel Alexander Horn to his mother in Cheraw, S.C., and to other members of his family and friends, describing his voyage from New York to the West Coast, his crossing of the Isthmus of Panama, his attempts to make money in the mines of California, and his employment in the growing city of San Francisco. The letters contain his views of business and social conditions in California, law and order, attitudes of the people, the activities of the Methodist Church, the flood of Asian immigrants, climate and health, personal living arrangements, and prices, and include inquiries about affairs at home. Also included is Horn's diary (27 volumes), written at Cheraw, 1855, and in Thomas County, Ga., 1867-1891, concerning his household, planting, farm labor, cattle, weather, social life, and church attendance.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Papers, 1850-1891.

49 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Folder 1

Letters, 1850-1853 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 1

Includes Horn, Edgeworth, and Sneed family data

Folder 2

Volume 1: 1855 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 2

Folder 3

Volume 2: 1861 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 3

Folder 4

Volume 3: 1867 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 4

Folder 5

Volume 4: 1868 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 5

Folder 6

Volume 5: 1869 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 6

Folder 7

Volume 6: 1870 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 7

Folder 8

Volume 7: 1871 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 8

Folder 9

Volume 8: 1872 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 9

Folder 10

Volume 9: 1873 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 10

Folder 11

Volume 10: 1874 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 11

Folder 12

Volume 11: 1875 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 12

Folder 13

Volume 12: 1876 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 13

Folder 14

Volume 13: 1877 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 14

Folder 15

Volume 14: 1878 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 15

Folder 16

Volume 15: 1879 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 16

Folder 17

Volume 16: 1880 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 17

Folder 18

Volume 17: 1881 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 18

Folder 19

Volume 18: 1882 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 19

Folder 20

Volume 19: 1883 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 20

Folder 21

Volume 20: 1884 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 21

Folder 22

Volume 21: 1885 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 22

Folder 23

Volume 22: 1886 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 23

Folder 24

Volume 23: 1887 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 24

Folder 25

Volume 24: 1888 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 25

Folder 26

Volume 25: 1889 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 26

Folder 27

Volume 26: 1890 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 27

Folder 28

Volume 27: 1891 #02984, Series: "Papers, 1850-1891." Folder 28

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff, 1960s

Encoded by: Nancy Kaiser, October 2005

Funding from the Watson-Brown Foundation, Inc., supported the encoding of this finding aid.

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