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Collection Number: 00390

Collection Title: John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 (bulk 1860-1873).

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities; this finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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Size 6.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 1,800 items)
Abstract John Judge was an owner of a paper mill, Wilmington, N.C.; an operator of a yarn and sock factory in Columbia, S.C.; and a commission merchant. Judge also had other business interests. The collection includes business correspondence and papers, chiefly 1860-1873, including specifications for factories and machinery, bills, receipts and other business records. Before the Civil War, Judge, of South Carolina, was in the lumber business in Wisconsin and attempted to operate a paper mill in Wilmington, N.C. He later founded and operated a knitting mill in Columbia, S.C., which supplied goods to the Confederate government. Judge also had interests in the naval stores industry and was a commission merchant. These papers provide extensive records of his various enterprises, including those during the Civil War period. Personal correspondence, including a series of letters from a Baltimore associate describing opinions and events in Maryland during the secession crisis, is also included.
Creator Judge, John, 1830-1885.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the John Judge Papers, #390, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Jane Judge, prior to 1940.
Additional Descriptive Resources
A copy of the original finding aid for this collection is filed in folder 1a.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

John Judge (1830-1885) was an owner of a paper mill, Wilmington, N.C.; an operator of a yarn and sock factory in Columbia, S.C.; and a commission merchant. Judge also had other business interests. Before the Civil War, Judge, of South Carolina, was in the lumber business in Wisconsin and attempted to operate a paper mill in Wilmington, N.C. He later founded and operated a knitting mill in Columbia, S.C., which supplied goods to the Confederate government. Judge also had interests in the naval stores industry and was a commission merchant.

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The collection includes business correspondence and papers, chiefly 1860-1873, including specifications for factories and machinery, bills, receipts and other business records of John Judge. These papers provide extensive records of his various enterprises, including his work in textiles, lumber, paper, and naval stores, and including those undertaken during the Civil War period. Personal correspondence, including a series of letters from a Baltimore associate describing opinions and events in Maryland during the secession crisis, is also included.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated.

Folder 1a

Original finding aid #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 1a

Folder 1

1852-1856 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 1

Folder 2

1857-1858 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 2

Folder 3

1859 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 3

Folder 4-5

Folder 4

Folder 5

1860 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 4-5

Folder 6-9

Folder 6

Folder 7

Folder 8

Folder 9

1861 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 6-9

Folder 10-12

Folder 10

Folder 11

Folder 12

1862 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 10-12

Folder 13-15b

Folder 13

1863 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 13-15b

Folder 16a-20b

1864 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 16a-20b

Folder 21a-22c

1865 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 21a-22c

Folder 23a

1866 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 23a

Folder 23b

1867 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 23b

Folder 24a

1868 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 24a

Folder 24b

1869 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 24b

Folder 25

1870-1871 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 25

Folder 26

1872 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 26

Folder 27-28

Folder 27

Folder 28

1873 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 27-28

Folder 29-30

Folder 29

Folder 30

1874-1875 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 29-30

Folder 31-32b

Folder 31

1876-1878 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 31-32b

Folder 33

1879-1881 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 33

Folder 34-39, 43-48

Folder 34

Undated #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 34-39, 43-48

Folder 40-42

Folder 40

Folder 41

Folder 42

Clippings #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 40-42

Folder 49

Bills and receipts, 1825-1857 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 49

Folder 50

Bills and receipts, 1858-1859 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 50

Folder 51

Bills and receipts, 1860-1862 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 51

Folder 52

Bills and receipts, 1863 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 52

Folder 53

Bills and receipts, 1864 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 53

Folder 54

Bills and receipts, 1865-1867 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 54

Folder 55

Bills and receipts, 1868-1869 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 55

Folder 56-57

Folder 56

Folder 57

Bills and receipts, 1870-1872 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 56-57

Folder 58

Bills and receipts, 1873 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 58

Folder 59

Bills and receipts, 1874-1875 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 59

Folder 60-61

Folder 60

Folder 61

Bills and receipts, 1876-1878 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 60-61

Folder 62

Bills and receipts, 1879-1880 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 62

Folder 63

Volume 1: Record book, lumber labor, 1857 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 63

Folder 64

Volume 2: Day book, Judge and Shinn, lumber and knitting, 1857 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 64

Folder 65

Volume 3: Account book, knitting, 1857-1869 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 65

Folder 66

Volume 4: Record book, Chippewa Falls Lumber Company, knitting, 1858-1859 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 66

Folder 67

Volume 5: Letterbook, naval stores, 1858-1861 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 67

Folder 68

Volume 6: Memoranda book, land, 1859 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 68

Folder 69

Volume 7: Account book, miscellaneous, 1860 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 69

Folder 70

Volume 8: Account book, personal, 1860-1861 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 70

Folder 71

Volume 9: Account book, J. P. Blossom and Company, 1860-1861 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 71

Folder 72

Volume 10: Account book, Blossom and Judge, 1860-1861 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 72

Folder 73

Volume 11: Minutes book, New York Reed Fibre Company, 1860-1863 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 73

Folder 74

Volume 12: Account book, miscellaneous, 1861 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 74

Folder 75

Volume 13: Bank book and roll of military officers, 1861-1864 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 75

Folder 76

Volume 14: Account book, knitting, 1860-1864 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 76

Folder 77

#00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 77

See Oversize Volume SV-390/15

Folder SV-390/15

Volume 15: Record book, North Carolina Fibre Company, 1861-1865 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder SV-390/15

Folder 78

Volume 16: Letterbook, patents of Henry Lowe, 1861-1865 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 78

Folder 79

#00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 79

See Oversize Volume SV-390/17

Folder SV-390/17

Volume 17: Patents, Reed Fibre Company, 1861-1865 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder SV-390/17

Folder 80

Volume 18: Letterbook, Henry Lowe, 1861-1881 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 80

Folder 81

Volume 19: Bank book, Henry Lowe and Company, 1862 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 81

Folder 82

Volume 20: Account book, R. J. Jones, 1862 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 82

Folder 83

Volume 21: Time book, knitting, 1862-1863 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 83

Folder 84

Volume 22: Cash book, J. C. Lowe and Company, 1862-1863 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 84

Folder 85

Volume 23: Time book, knitting, 1862-1863 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 85

Folder 86

Volume 24: Time book, knitting, 1862-1863 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 86

Folder 87

Volume 25: Account book, knitting, 1862-1863 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 87

Folder 88

Volume 26: Account book, knitting and personal, 1862-1864 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 88

Folder 89

Volume 27: Account book, knitting and miscellaneous, 1862-1865 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 89

Folder 90

Volume 28: Ledger, knitting and personal, 1862-1865 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 90

Folder 91

Volume 29: Record book, knitting, 1862 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 91

Folder 92

Volume 30: Bank book, John Judge, 1863 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 92

Folder 93

Volume 31: Bank book, 1863 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 93

Folder 94

Volume 32: Record book, knitting, 1863 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 94

Folder 95

Volume 33: Record book, knitting, 1863-1864 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 95

Folder 96

Volume 34: Cash book, John Judge, 1863-1864 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 96

Folder 97

Volume 35: Record book, knitting, and list of soldiers, 1863 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 97

Folder 98

Volume 36: Agency book, knitting, 1863-1865 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 98

Folder 99

Volume 37: Bank book, John Judge, 1863-1865 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 99

Folder 100

Volume 38: Invoice book, 1864 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 100

Folder 101

Volume 39: Record book, knitting and twine, 1864 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 101

Folder 102

Volume 40: Record book, knitting and twine, 1864 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 102

Folder 103

Volume 41: Time book, knitting and twine, 1864-1865 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 103

Folder 104

Volume 42: Account book, miscellaneous, 1864-1865 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 104

Folder 105

Volume 43: Account book, miscellaneous, 1864-1865 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 105

Folder 106

Volume 44: Account book, personal, 1865 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 106

Folder 107

Volume 45: Account book, naval stores, 1866 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 107

Folder 108

Volume 46: Subscription list, 1866 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 108

Folder 109

Volume 47: Account book, Parsley and Company, 1866-1867 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 109

Folder 110

Volume 48: Account book, O. G. Parsley and Company, 1866-1868 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 110

Folder 111

Volume 49: Account book, miscellaneous, 1867-1868 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 111

Folder 112

Volume 50: Account book, naval stores, 1867-1870 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 112

Folder 113

Volume 51: Account book, personal, 1867-1869 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 113

Folder 114

Volume 52: Account book, personal, 1868-1869 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 114

Folder 115

Volume 53: Account book, personal, 1868-1878 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 115

Folder 116

Volume 54: Account book, naval stores, 1869-1879 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 116

Folder 117

Volume 55: Account book, groceries, 1870 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 117

Folder 118

Volume 56: Account book, groceries, 1871 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 118

Folder 119

Volume 57: Account book, New York, 1874 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 119

Folder 120

Volume 58: Account book, Mary Judge, 1877-1878 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 120

Folder 121

Volume 59: Account book, household, 1870-1878 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 121

Folder 122

Volume 60: Account book, naval stores and miscellaneous, 1873-1880 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 122

Folder 123

Volume 61: Account book, personal, 1881-1882 #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 123

Folder 124

Volume 62: Telegraphic code, undated #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 124

Folder 125

Volume 63: Account book, groceries, undated #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 125

Folder 126

Volume 64: Daybook, knitting, undated #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 126

Folder 127

Volume 65: Account book, miscellaneous, undated #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 127

Folder 128

Volume 66: Account book, personal, undated #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 128

Folder 129

Volume 67: Notebook, New York, undated #00390, Series: "John Judge Papers, 1825-1882 and undated." Folder 129

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

Updated by: Kate Stratton and Jodi Berkowitz, June 2009

This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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