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Collection Number: 05098

Collection Title: Lawrence D. Kessler Collection, 1820-1989

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


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Size About 4675 items (19.0 linear feet)
Abstract Lawrence D. Kessler, emeritus professor of Chinese history at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, gathered the unrelated papers of George R. Marvell, the North Carolina China Council, Lawrence D. Kessler, and the Newton and Underwood families. George Ralph Marvell was a career United States Navy officer, who retired from active service in 1931 as a rear admiral. His papers, many of which relate to travels and work in China and the Philippines, contain personal correspondence, financial and legal papers, photographs, and other materials relating to him; his wife, Anna Nippes Wynkoop Marvell; and their son, George, who served as a submarine officer in the Navy, 1917-1935. The North Carolina China Council, a regional affiliate of the Asia Society, was established in 1977 and remained active until at least 1989. Records consist of administrative materials, including newsletters, annual reports, minutes from meetings, memoranda, funding and grant proposals, and a correspondence file, and research materials, including photographs and audio-visual recordings relating to the Council's traveling exhibit and presentation, North Carolina's China Connections, 1840-1949. Publications include pamphlets, flyers, posters, and a bound print version of the text and photographs that were in the exhibit. There are also research materials and publications related to other Council activities on topics such as the One-Child Policy and United States-China trade. The Lawrence Kessler papers relate to his activities in radical politics. They include organizational materials and public documents of the North Carolina Legal Defense Fund and the Chapel Hill chapter of the New University Conference. The organizational papers include minutes from meetings, annual reports, press releases, project proposals, correspondence, fund raising letters, and posters. The public documents include pamphlets, position papers, and serial publications of the New University Conference. Ruth Elizabeth Newton (fl. 1888-1957) was the daughter of John C. Calhoun Newton (1849-1931) and Letty Lay Newton (1848-1924?) of Kobe, Japan, where her father, a minister, taught theology and ethics at the Kwansei Gakuin, a secondary school run by the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. In 1905, Ruth Newton married Emory Marvin Underwood, a lawyer who later served as a federal judge in Atlanta, Ga. The Newton and Underwood family papers consist of the personal letters received or written by Ruth Elizabeth Newton Underwood, the sermons and other unpublished writings of John C. Calhoun Newton, United States and Japanese publications of the Episcopal Methodist Church, South, and photographs of the Newton family and their friends from Kobe, Japan. The Addition of December 2006 consists of materials relating to activism and activist groups on the UNC-Chapel Hill campus and in the Chapel Hill community at large, including publications relating to activist groups, such as newsletters of the Chapel Hill Peace Center, Bread and Roses socialist community newsletters, issues of The Southern Patriot, and other printed materials.
Creator Kessler, Lawrence D.
Language English.
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Lawrence Kessler Collection #5098, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Provenance
Received from Lawrence Kessler of Chapel Hill, N.C., in July 2002 (Acc. 99289) and December 2006 (Acc. 100559).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Lawrence Kessler, professor emeritus of Chinese history at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, assembled and donated the various papers that comprise this collection. In keeping with his formal academic interests, he was one of the founders and the long-time director of the North Carolina China Council. Kessler was also actively involved with a number of political organizations, including the North Carolina Legal Defense Fund and the Chapel Hill chapter of the New University Conference.

George Ralph Marvell, an officer in the United States Navy, was born in Fall River, Mass., in 1869. His parents were Edward Tracy and Anna Congdon Wilbur Marvell. In 1889, Marvell graduated from the Naval Academy and three years later, in 1892, he married Anna Nippes Wynkoop. Their only child, George, who also graduated from the Naval Academy and served as an officer until he was forced to retire for medical reasons in 1935, was born in 1899. George Ralph Marvell's career was a successful one, and he was eventually promoted to rear admiral. He retired in 1933 and died in 1941. While in the Navy, Marvell served in the following postings:

1885-1889 Midshipman at the United States Naval Academy
1889-1890 Served aboard the U.S.S. Pensacola during an expedition to Cape Ledo, Angola, and west Africa to view a total eclipse
1894 Patrol duty in the Bering Sea
1898 Served aboard the U.S.S. Vicksburg during the Spanish-American War
1899 Part of a team surveying the bay at Santiago, Cuba
1906-1908 In command of the team conducting a survey of Cuba and Haiti while serving as navigator on the U.S.S. Eagle
1909-1912 Chair of the Department of Navigation at the United States Naval Academy
1912-1913 Commanded the U.S.S. Monterey and then the U.S.S. Helena in China
1915 Assigned to the Navy Department's Bureau of Ordnance
1917-1919 Commanded the U.S.S.Louisiana and engaged in troop transport and convoy duty with the Atlantic Fleet during World War I
1919-1921 Inspector of Ordnance at the Naval Ordnance Plant, South Charleston, W.Va.
1921-1922 Commanded the U.S.S. Arizona
1922-1924 Commandant of the 16th Naval District, the Philippine Islands
1924-1925 Commanded the Fleet Base Force in the Pacific
1926-1927 Naval War College
1927-1930 Commandant of the 14th Naval District, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
1930-1931 Commanded Light Cruiser Division Five
1932-1933 Chair of the United States Navy General Board
1933 Retired from active service as a Rear Admiral

The North Carolina China Council, a regional affiliate of the Asia Society, was established in 1977 and remained active until at least 1989. Locally sponsored by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina State University, and Duke University, the Council was a non-partisan and non-profit educational entity designed to promote a broader awareness among North Carolinians of Chinese culture, history, and recent events as well as to foster better Chinese-American relations. As a part of its public education efforts, the Council sponsored a number of local conferences devoted to topics such as China's One-Child policy, United States-China trade, and the process of scholarly exchange. The Council also carried out an extensive investigation of North Carolina's ties with China that culminated in the creation of an exhibit called North Carolina's China Connections. This multi-media presentation was exhibited at numerous venues throughout the state.

Ruth Elizabeth Newton (fl. 1888-1957), the sole surviving daughter of John C. Calhoun Newton (1849-1931) and Letty Lay Newton (1848-1924?) spent her early childhood in Kobe, Japan, where her father, a minister, taught theology and ethics at the Kwansei Gakuin, a secondary school run by the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. In the mid-1890s, Ruth Newton and her mother returned to the United States so that she could complete her education. In 1898, she graduated from the Nashville College for Young Ladies and shortly thereafter assumed a teaching post at the Littleton Female College, Littleton, N.C. In 1905, she married Emory Marvin Underwood (1877-1960), a graduate of Vanderbilt University (B.A., 1900, LL.B., 1902), an attorney in Atlanta, Ga. In addition to having a private law practice, Underwood served in the following positions:

1914-1917 Assistant Attorney General of the United States
1917-1919 General Counsel of the Seaboard Air Line Company
1919-1920 General Solicitor of the United States Railroad Administration
1931-1948 United States District Court Judge, Northern District of Georgia
Both Ruth Newton and Marvin Underwood were involved in social reform and relief efforts. She chaired the Southern Conference on Women and Children in Industry, and he was a board member of Herbert Hoover's European Relief Drive and the Commission on Interracial Cooperation. They had two children.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The Lawrence D. Kessler Collection contains four discrete collections: the George Ralph Marvell papers, the North Carolina China Council papers, the Lawrence D. Kessler papers, and the Newton and Underwood family papers.

George Ralph Marvell papers contain personal correspondence, financial and legal papers, photographs, and other materials, including school papers, newspaper clippings, a passport, and Masonic documents of George Ralph Marvell (1869-1941), a United States Navy officer; his wife, Anna Nippes Wynkoop Marvell; and their son, George Marvell, who served as an officer in the Navy. Correspondence begins with Marvell's entrance into the United States Naval Academy in 1885 and continues until his death in 1941. Major correspondents were his parents, Edward Tracy Marvell and Anna Congdon Marvell; siblings, Mary Marvell, M. D. Marvell, and Edward I. Marvell; his wife, Anna Nippes Wynkoop Marvell; and eventually his son, George Marvell. In addition to addressing family matters, Marvell's letters contain descriptions of his travels and duty postings with the United States Navy. Similarly, after his graduation from the Naval Academy in 1917, George Marvell, the son, often wrote to his father about his career in the submarine service and as a staff officer. Correspondence prior to 1885 falls into three categories. In the 1850s, Anna Congdon Wilbur received a number of business letters concerning agricultural properties that she owned in Ralls County, Mo. In the 1860s, Mary Marvel Sullings received letters concerning a law suit that she was pursuing in an attempt to gain control of her deceased-husband's estate. Also in the 1860s, Edward Tracy Marvel, who was serving as a private in the 7th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment during the Civil War in defense of Washington, D.C., wrote home about military life. Financial materials primarily concern the affairs of George and Anna Marvell. There is a complete set of federal income tax filings, 1913-1939, and extensive property files that include surveys as well as an inventory and history of the Marvell's most significant belongings. Finally, there are various materials relating to the settlement of the estate of Anna Marvell's father, Henry Wynkoop. There are also three 18th-century financial letters; a number of late 19th-century receipts; land grants issued in 1837 for property in Palmyra County, Mo.; and a variety of legal pleadings and documents, some of which relate to Mary Marvel Sullings's legal case to gain control of her deceased husband's estate. Other materials include clippings, school papers and report cards, Masonic documents, a United States passport, miscellaneous writings, pencil sketches, blank 19th-century European postcards, a genealogical research notebook, and family and travel photographs taken by the Marvell and Wynkoop families. Photographs of George Ralph Marvell and his son, George Marvell, include pictures taken aboard United States Navy vessels, including surface ships and submarines. There are extensive photographs of various Asian locales that were taken during Admiral Marvell's assignments to China, 1912-1913, and the Philippine Islands, 1922-1924.

North Carolina China Council papers consist of administrative, published, and research materials of the North Carolina China Council, 1977-1989. Administrative materials include newsletters, annual reports, minutes from meetings, memoranda, funding and grant proposals, and a correspondence file. The bulk of the research materials relates to the Council's traveling exhibit and presentation, North Carolina's China Connections, 1840-1949. Research materials include an extensive collection of photographs, including prints; slides and some negatives; audio recordings and transcripts of interviews with various North Carolinians who worked or lived in China; video tape recordings of exhibit presentations and interviews; and film footage taken by various interviewees in China during the first half of the 20th century. Exhibit publications include pamphlets, flyers, posters, and a bound print version of the text and photographs that made up the exhibit. There are also research materials, audio recordings, and publications of other Council conferences and events on topics such as the One-Child Policy and United States-China trade.

Lawrence D. Kessler papers include organizational materials and public documents of the North Carolina Legal Defense Fund and the Chapel Hill chapter of the New University Conference. The organizational papers include minutes from meetings, annual reports, press releases, project proposals, correspondence, fund raising letters, and posters. Public documents include pamphlets, position papers, and serial publications of the New University Conference.

Newton and Underwood family papers contain personal letters received or written by Ruth Elizabeth Newton Underwood, the unpublished writings of John C. Calhoun Newton, United States and Japanese publications of the Episcopal Methodist Church, South, and photographs of the Newton family and their friends from Kobe, Japan. The bulk of the letters are between Ruth Newton Underwood and her parents, who resided at the Kwansei Gakuin, a Methodist Episcopal secondary school in Kobe, Japan. Although predominately concerned with daily life and family news, the letters contain references to current events. Those written by John C. Calhoun Newton, who served in various administrative and teaching positions at the Kwansei Gakuin, often make reference to the school's affairs and its relationships with the Japanese world. Ruth Newton's correspondence with Emory Marvin Underwood, who became a lawyer and federal judge, begins during her college years. After their marriage in the summer of 1905, there are fewer letters, but during Underwood's service, 1919-1920, as the general solicitor for the United States Railroad Administration in Washington, D.C., their correspondence resumes. These are personal letters devoted to family matters and concerns, but there is also mention of Underwood's legal career and the couple's broader activities in civic organizations such as Herbert Hoover's European Relief Drive and the Commission on Interracial Cooperation. Writings of John C. Calhoun Newton consist of sermons, prayer meeting talks, lecture notes on ethics delivered to the students of the Kwansei Gakuin, and drafts of a larger work devoted to the subject of christian ethics. There are a number of publications commemorating communal events or the achievements of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South in both the United States and Japan. The Japanese publications include The Yearbook and Minutes of the Japanese Mission of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South , 1907-1908; the 1909 20th Anniversary Catalogue of the Kwansei Gakuin; The Japanese Student Bulletin, 1931; and a small pamphlet about the first Methodist church built in Kobe, Japan. There are also inscribed photographic portraits of friends and their families in Japan and less formal photographs of various members of the Newton and Underwood family.

The Addition of December 2006 consists of materials relating to activism and activist groups on the UNC-Chapel Hill campus and in the Chapel Hill community at large, including publications relating to activist groups, such as newsletters of the Chapel Hill Peace Center, Bread and Roses socialist community newsletters, issues of The Southern Patriot, and other printed materials.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. George Ralph Marvell Papers, 1820-1941.

About 2,000 items.

Arrangement: by type.

Primarily personal correspondence, financial and legal papers, photographs, and other materials, including school papers, newspaper clippings, a passport, and Masonic documents of George Ralph Marvell, a United States Navy officer; his wife, Anna Nippes Wynkoop Marvell, and their son, George Marvell, who also served as an officer in the Navy. Letters and other papers created prior to 1885 relate to Marvell's parents and other relatives.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941.

About 1,500 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Chiefly family letters either to or from George Ralph Marvell, who was an officer in the United Navy. The correspondence begins with his entrance into the United States Naval Academy in 1885 and continues until his death in 1941. Marvell's major correspondents were his parents, Edward Tracy Marvell and Anna Congdon Wilbur Marvell; his siblings, Mary Marvell, M.D., and Edward I. Marvell, his wife, Anna Nippes Wynkoop Marvell, and eventually his son, George Marvell.

Letters to Marvell from his parents and siblings typically recount family news as well as items of interest from Fall River, Mass. Likewise, his wife's letters also concern life at home and eventually, their son George. In addition to addressing family matters, Marvell's letters contain descriptions of his extensive travels and various duty postings with the United States Navy. Similarly, after his graduation from the Naval Academy in 1917, George Marvell often wrote to his father about his career as a naval officer in the submarine service and later as a staff officer. After 1936, George often wrote to his father about the extensive renovations that he was directing at the family's farm in Pennsylvania.

Most of the correspondence written prior to 1885 falls into three categories. In the 1850s, Anna Congdon Wilbur received a number of business letters concerning agricultural properties that she owned in Ralls County, Mo. In the 1860s, Mary Marvel Sullings received letters concerning a law suit that she was pursuing in an attempt to gain control of her deceased husband's estate. Also in the 1860s, Edward Tracy Marvel, who was serving as a private in the 7th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment during the Civil War in defense of Washington, D.C., wrote home about camp life. Although Marvel did survive the war, the letters end abruptly in 1862.

Folder 1

1820-1861 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 1

Folder 2

1862-1884 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 2

Folder 3

1885 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 3

Folder 4-6

Folder 4

Folder 5

Folder 6

1886 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 4-6

Folder 7-9

Folder 7

Folder 8

Folder 9

1887 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 7-9

Folder 10-12

Folder 10

Folder 11

Folder 12

1888 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 10-12

Folder 13-14

Folder 13

Folder 14

1889 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 13-14

Folder 15-16

Folder 15

Folder 16

1890 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 15-16

Folder 17

1891-1895 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 17

Folder 18-19

Folder 18

Folder 19

1896 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 18-19

Folder 20

1897 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 20

Folder 21

1901-1904 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 21

Folder 22

1904 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 22

Folder 23-24

Folder 23

Folder 24

1906 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 23-24

Folder 25-29

Folder 25

Folder 26

Folder 27

Folder 28

Folder 29

1907 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 25-29

Folder 30-36

Folder 30

Folder 31

Folder 32

Folder 33

Folder 34

Folder 35

Folder 36

1908 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 30-36

Folder 37-41

Folder 37

Folder 38

Folder 39

Folder 40

Folder 41

1909 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 37-41

Folder 42

1910-1911 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 42

Folder 43-46

Folder 43

Folder 44

Folder 45

Folder 46

1912 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 43-46

Folder 47-52

Folder 47

Folder 48

Folder 49

Folder 50

Folder 51

Folder 52

1913 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 47-52

Folder 53

1914 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 53

Folder 54

1917-1919 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 54

Folder 55

1920-1922 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 55

Folder 56

1923 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 56

Folder 57

1924 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 57

Folder 58

1925 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 58

Folder 59

1926 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 59

Folder 60

1927-1929 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 60

Folder 61

1932-1934 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 61

Folder 62

1934-1935 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 62

Folder 63-64

Folder 63

Folder 64

1936 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 63-64

Folder 65

1937 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 65

Folder 66-67

Folder 66

Folder 67

1938 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 66-67

Folder 68-69

Folder 68

Folder 69

1939 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 68-69

Folder 70-71

Folder 70

Folder 71

1940 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 70-71

Folder 72

1941 #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 72

Folder 73-74

Folder 73

Folder 74

Undated #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 73-74

Folder 75

Notes and letter fragments #05098, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1820-1941." Folder 75

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.2. Financial and Legal Papers, 1892-1940.

About 240 items.

Arrangement: by type.

Mainly receipts, legal documents, financial and business correspondence, federal income tax returns, financial statements, property files, and older historical family materials of a financial or legal nature. The bulk of the materials concerns the affairs of George and Anna Marvell. There is a complete set of federal income tax filings, 1913-1939. There are extensive property files that include property surveys as well as an inventory and history of the Marvell's most significant belongings. Finally, there are various materials relating to the settlement of the estate of Anna Marvell's father, Henry Wynkoop.

The older documents in this series consist of three 18th-century financial letters; a number of late 19th-century receipts; land grants issued in 1837 for property in Palmyra County, Mo.; and a variety of legal pleadings and documents, some of which relate to Mary Marvel Sullings's legal case to gain control of her deceased husband's estate.

Folder 76

Receipts, 1892-1917 #05098, Subseries: "1.2. Financial and Legal Papers, 1892-1940." Folder 76

Folder 77

Legal documents for Plummer v. Marvell, 1915 #05098, Subseries: "1.2. Financial and Legal Papers, 1892-1940." Folder 77

Folder 78-80

Folder 78

Folder 79

Folder 80

Marvell federal income tax filings, 1913-1939 #05098, Subseries: "1.2. Financial and Legal Papers, 1892-1940." Folder 78-80

Folder 81-82

Folder 81

Folder 82

Property file, Jamestown, R.I., 1936-1940 #05098, Subseries: "1.2. Financial and Legal Papers, 1892-1940." Folder 81-82

Folder 83

Property survey, Annapolis, Md., 1937 #05098, Subseries: "1.2. Financial and Legal Papers, 1892-1940." Folder 83

Folder 84

House inventory and history of items, Annapolis, Md., 1933-1938 #05098, Subseries: "1.2. Financial and Legal Papers, 1892-1940." Folder 84

Folder 85

Letters from the Henry Wynkoop Trust, 1931-1939 #05098, Subseries: "1.2. Financial and Legal Papers, 1892-1940." Folder 85

Folder 86

Statements from the Henry Wynkoop Trust, 1931-1940 #05098, Subseries: "1.2. Financial and Legal Papers, 1892-1940." Folder 86

Folder 87

List of securities from the Henry Wynkoop Trust, 1939 #05098, Subseries: "1.2. Financial and Legal Papers, 1892-1940." Folder 87

Folder 88

Historical family financial documents, 1764-1793 #05098, Subseries: "1.2. Financial and Legal Papers, 1892-1940." Folder 88

Folder 89

Historical family receipts, 1850-1887 #05098, Subseries: "1.2. Financial and Legal Papers, 1892-1940." Folder 89

Folder 90

Historical family legal documents, 1835-1866 #05098, Subseries: "1.2. Financial and Legal Papers, 1892-1940." Folder 90

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.3. Other Papers, 1885-1920s.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.4. Photographs, 1840s-1930s.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. North Carolina China Council, 1977-1989.

About 450 items.

Arrangement: by type.

Administrative, published, and research materials of the North Carolina China Council from 1977 until 1989. The administrative materials include newsletters, annual reports, minutes from meetings, memoranda, funding and grant proposals, and a correspondence file. The bulk of the research materials relates to the Council's traveling exhibit and presentation, North Carolina's China Connections, 1840-1949. The research materials include an extensive collection of photographs, including prints, slides and some negatives, audio recordings and transcripts of interviews with various North Carolinians who worked or lived in China, video tape recordings of exhibit presentations and interviews, and film footage taken by various interviewees in China during the first half of the 20th century. There are also exhibit publications, including pamphlets, flyers, posters, and a bound print version of the text and photographs that make up the exhibit. There are also research materials, audio recordings, and publications of other Council conferences and events on topics such as the One-Child Policy and United States-China trade.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1. Organizational Materials, 1977-1989.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981.

About 300 items.

Arrangement: by type.

Administrative and research materials for the North Carolina China Council's traveling exhibit and presentation, North Carolina's China Connections, 1840-1949. This exhibit focused on the roles North Carolinians played in China as missionaries, tobacco businessmen, and soldiers. This subseries includes funding and grant proposals, correspondence, exhibit publications, including pamphlets, flyers, posters, and a bound print version of the exhibit, as well as research materials concerning North Carolina's various ties to China. The research materials include an extensive collection of photographs, including prints, slides and some of their negatives, audio recordings and transcripts of interviews with various North Carolinians who worked or lived in China, video tape recordings of exhibit presentations and interviews, and film footage taken by various interviewees in China during the first half of the 20th century.

Folder 106-107

Folder 106

Folder 107

Exhibit file, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 106-107

Folder 108

Funding proposals, 1979-1981 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 108

Folder 109

Signed release forms, 1982 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 109

Folder 110

North Carolina's China Connections publications, 1980-1981 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 110

Folder 111

School children's letters about the exhibit, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 111

Folder 112

Visitor register for the exhibit, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 112

Folder P-5098/8-9

P-5098/8

P-5098/9

Slide presentation of the exhibit, North Carolina's China Connections, 1840-1949, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/8-9

C-5098/28-29: Audiotape recording of the presentation, North Carolina's China Connections, 1840-1949. Parts I and II #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/8-9

VT-5098/1: Videotape recording of the presentation, North Carolina's China Connections, 1840-1949. Parts I and II #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/8-9

VT-5098/2: Videotape recording of a presentation of North Carolina's China Connections by Erwin Hyatt, May 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/8-9

Folder P-5098/10

Slides of North Carolina China Council events, 1970s-1980s #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/10

Folder P-5098/11

Slides of Chinese puppets #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/11

Folder P-5098/12-22

P-5098/12

P-5098/13

P-5098/14

P-5098/15

P-5098/16

P-5098/17

P-5098/18

P-5098/19

P-5098/20

P-5098/21

P-5098/22

Slides of China, 1900-1948 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/12-22

Folder P-5098/23

Photographs used in the exhibit, North Carolina's China Connections, 1840-1949 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/23

Folder P-5098/24

Photographs used in the presentation, China as a Place of Work: Missions #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/24

Folder P-5098/25

Photographs of China used for a presentation, "China as Home" #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/25

Folder P-5098/26

Photographs of North Carolina China Council events, including North Carolina's China Connections exhibit, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/26

Folder P-5098/27

Photographs of Chinese street life, 1880s-1940s #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/27

Folder P-5098/28

Photographs of Chinese buildings and landscapes #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/28

Folder P-5098/29

Photographs of Western military forces in China, 1880s-1940s #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/29

Folder P-5098/30

Photographs of Western missionary activities in China, 1880s-1940s #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/30

Folder P-5098/31

Photographs of Western business and tobacco companies in China, 1900s-1940s #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/31

Folder P-5098/32

Photographs of Westerners and their activities in China, 1900s-1940s #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/32

Folder P-5098/33

Strip photographic negatives # 1 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/33

Folder P-5098/34

Strip photographic negatives # 2 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/34

Folder P-5098/35

Strip photographic negatives # 3 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/35

Folder P-5098/36

Strip photographic negatives, Herring collection #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/36

Folder P-5098/37

Strip photographic negatives, East Carolina University collection #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/37

Folder P-5098/38

Strip photographic negatives, Montreat collection #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/38

Folder P-5098/39

Strip photographic negatives, New Hanover county museum collection #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/39

Folder P-5098/40

Strip photographic negatives, Duke University collection #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/40

Folder P-5098/41

Strip photographic negatives, Collier Cobb collection #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/41

Folder P-5098/42

Strip photographic negatives, Welton collection #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/42

Folder P-5098/43

Strip photographic negatives, Virginia Hebbert #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/43

Folder P-5098/44

Strip photographic negatives of the North Carolina China Council's events and exhibits, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder P-5098/44

Folder 113

Biographical information on North Carolina's "Old China Hands" #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 113

Folder 114

Transcripts and video scripts by Dr. Burton Beers, 1980 and 1999 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 114

Folder 115

Typed transcript of an interview of Ruth Worth and a description of her films of China, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 115

C-5098/1: Audiotaped interview of Ruth Worth #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 115

F-5098/5: Movie film of China, 1939-1940 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 115

Folder 116

Typed transcript of an interview of Helen Ward, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 116

C-5098/4: Audiotaped interview of Helen Ward #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 116

Folder 117

Typed transcript of an interview of Christina Kennedy Bunn, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 117

C-5098/6: Audiotaped interview of Christina Kennedy Bunn #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 117

Folder 118

Typed transcript of an interview of I. J. (Pete) Galantin, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 118

C-5098/5: Audiotaped interview of I. J. (Pete) Galantin #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 118

Folder 119

Typed transcript of an interview with Edmund Gravely, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 119

C-5098/6: Audiotaped interview of Edmund Gravely #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 119

Folder 120

Typed transcript of an interview of N. E. Hodgekins, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 120

C-5098/21: Audiotaped interview of N. E. Hodgekins #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 120

Folder 121

Typed transcript of an interview of Admiral Wilson Leverton, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 121

C-5098/21: Audiotaped interview of Admiral Wilson Leverton #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 121

Folder 122

Typed transcript of an interview of John Palmer, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 122

C-5098/3: Audiotaped interview of John Palmer #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 122

Folder 123

Typed transcript of an interview of Dr. Edmund Rice, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 123

C-5098/15: Audiotaped interview of Dr. Edmund Rice #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 123

F-5098/6: Movie film of Huchoo Hospital by Dr. Edmund Rice #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 123

Folder 124

Typed transcript of an interview of Dr. Henry Stenhouse, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 124

C-5098/2: Audiotaped interview of Dr. Henry Stenhouse #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 124

Folder 125

Typed transcript of an interview of Paul Vancamp, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 125

C-5098/5: Audiotaped interview of Paul Vancamp #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 125

Folder 126

Typed transcript of a panel discussion of medical missionaries, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 126

C-5098/11: Audiotape of a panel discussion of medical missionaries #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 126

Folder 127

Typed transcript of a panel discussion of missionary educators, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 127

C-5098/14: Audiotape of a panel discussion of missionary educators #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 127

Folder 128

Typed transcript of a panel discussion of missionaries born in China, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 128

C-5098/9: Audiotape of a panel discussion of missionaries born in China #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 128

Folder 129

Typed transcript of a panel discussion of the missionary experience in China, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 129

C-5098/13 and C-5098/16: Audiotapes of a panel discussion of the missionary experience in China #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 129

Folder 130

Typed transcript of a panel discussion of tobacconists in China, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 130

T-5098/1: Audiotape of a panel discussion of tobacconists in China #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 130

Folder 131

Typed transcript of a lecture on the cultural impact of tobacco advertising in China by Professor Sherman Cochran, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 131

C-5098/22 and C-5098/25-26: Audiotapes of lectures by Professor Sherman Cochran #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 131

Folder 132-134

Folder 132

Folder 133

Folder 134

Typescript copy of a memoir, "As I Look Back" by Eugene E. Barnett #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 132-134

Folder 135

Additional research materials contained in various media formats #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 135

C-5098/7: Audiotaped interview of Dr. Martin Lorber, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 135

C-5098/8: Audiotaped interview of General and Mrs. Yarborough, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 135

C-5098/8: Audiotaped interview of Gordon Smith, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 135

C-5098/10: Audiotaped interview of Mae Hicks, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 135

C-5098/12: Audiotaped interview of Gail Henderson, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 135

C-5098/17: Audiotaped interview of Lee Parker, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 135

C-5098/20: Audiotaped interview of Evelyn Anderson, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 135

C-5098/23: Audiotaped interview of [?] Sitton, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 135

C-5098/27: Audiotaped interview of Al Huebner, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 135

C-5098/27: Recorded Chinese music #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 135

C-5098/30-32: Audiotaped lectures and discussions of Art and Ideology in Communist China #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 135

F-5098/1-2: The Canton Missionary, black and white film #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 135

F-5098/3-4: The Canton Missionary, color #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 135

F-5098/7: Unlabeled film #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 135

VT-5098/3: Videotape recording of North Carolina's China Connections interviews by Marv Wilson, Mary Israel, and Charles LaMonica, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.2. North Carolina's China Connections Exhibit, 1979-1981." Folder 135

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.3. Other Public Outreach Programs and Research Projects, 1978-1986.

About 50 items.

Arrangement: by type.

Organizational papers, research materials, audio recordings, and publications of various China Council conferences and events.

Folder 136

Research on Charles Jones Soong #05098, Subseries: "2.3. Other Public Outreach Programs and Research Projects, 1978-1986." Folder 136

C-5098/24: Audiotape of a lecture on Charles Jones Soong by Professor Burton Beers #05098, Subseries: "2.3. Other Public Outreach Programs and Research Projects, 1978-1986." Folder 136

Folder 137

Publication: "Resources on China in North Carolina,"  1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.3. Other Public Outreach Programs and Research Projects, 1978-1986." Folder 137

Folder 138

Conference: Scholarly exchange between the People's Republic of China and the United States, 1978-1983 #05098, Subseries: "2.3. Other Public Outreach Programs and Research Projects, 1978-1986." Folder 138

C-5098/18-19: Audiotapes of lectures delivered at the conference on scholarly exchange between the People's Republic of China and the United States #05098, Subseries: "2.3. Other Public Outreach Programs and Research Projects, 1978-1986." Folder 138

Folder 139

Conference: Trade between the People's Republic of China and the United States, 1979-1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.3. Other Public Outreach Programs and Research Projects, 1978-1986." Folder 139

C-5098/33-38: Audio tapes of lectures delivered at the conference on trade between the People's Republic of China and the United States #05098, Subseries: "2.3. Other Public Outreach Programs and Research Projects, 1978-1986." Folder 139

Folder 140

Conference: China's One Child policy, 1984-1985 #05098, Subseries: "2.3. Other Public Outreach Programs and Research Projects, 1978-1986." Folder 140

Folder 141

China in Film, 1986 #05098, Subseries: "2.3. Other Public Outreach Programs and Research Projects, 1978-1986." Folder 141

Folder 142

Other sponsored events #05098, Subseries: "2.3. Other Public Outreach Programs and Research Projects, 1978-1986." Folder 142

Folder 143

Charlotte Observer series on China, 1980 #05098, Subseries: "2.3. Other Public Outreach Programs and Research Projects, 1978-1986." Folder 143

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Lawrence D. Kessler Papers, 1968-1988.

About 150 items.

Arrangement: by type.

Other materials relating to this series can be found in the Addition of December 2006.

Lawrence D. Kessler, professor emeritus of Chinese history at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, was actively involved in radical politics. His papers contain internal organizational materials and public documents of the North Carolina Legal Defense Fund and the Chapel Hill chapter of the New University Conference. The organizational papers include minutes from meetings, annual reports, press releases, project proposals, correspondence, fund raising letters, and posters. The public documents include pamphlets, position papers, and serial publications of the New University Conference.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 3.1. North Carolina Legal Defense Fund, 1972-1988.

About 75 items.

Arrangement: by type and chronological.

Materials relating to the North Carolina Legal Defense Fund, which is described as a provider of financial assistance for the legal defense of people accused of crimes associated with political opposition to "militarism, racism, sexism, imperialism, and other injustices," include minutes from meetings, annual reports, press releases, project proposals, correspondence, and fund raising letters.

Folder 144

North Carolina Legal Defense Fund, Inc., 1972-1988 #05098, Subseries: "3.1. North Carolina Legal Defense Fund, 1972-1988." Folder 144

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 3.2. New University Conference, 1968-1976.

About 75 items.

Arrangement: by type and chronological.

Materials relating to the Chapel Hill chapter of the New University Conference, which was founded in 1968 as a radical political activist organization of faculty, students, and others that sought to transform American academic life, include position papers and pamphlets, meeting posters, progress reports, agenda, correspondence and serial publications.

Folder 145

New University Conference, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Chapter, 1968-1971 #05098, Subseries: "3.2. New University Conference, 1968-1976." Folder 145

Folder 146-151

Folder 146

Folder 147

Folder 148

Folder 149

Folder 150

Folder 151

Newsletter,1968-1972 #05098, Subseries: "3.2. New University Conference, 1968-1976." Folder 146-151

Folder 152-153

Folder 152

Folder 153

Position papers and other pamphlets, 1968-1970 #05098, Subseries: "3.2. New University Conference, 1968-1976." Folder 152-153

Folder 154

Women's newsletter and other pamphlets related to women's issues, 1970-1972 #05098, Subseries: "3.2. New University Conference, 1968-1976." Folder 154

Folder 155

The Radical Teacher, 1969 #05098, Subseries: "3.2. New University Conference, 1968-1976." Folder 155

Folder 156-157

Folder 156

Folder 157

Radical Historian Caucus Newsletter, 1970-1976 #05098, Subseries: "3.2. New University Conference, 1968-1976." Folder 156-157

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Newton and Underwood Family Papers, 1888-1957.

About 2000 items.

Arrangement: by type.

Family letters received or written by Ruth Elizabeth Newton Underwood, the unpublished writings of John C. Calhoun Newton, United States and Japanese publications of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and photographs of the Newton family and their friends from Kobe, Japan.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957.

About 1800 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Family letters received or written by Ruth Elizabeth Newton Underwood. Her main correspondents were her parents, John C. Calhoun Newton and Letty Lay Newton of Kobe, Japan, and her husband, Emory Marvin Underwood of Atlanta, Ga.

The bulk of the letters are between Ruth Newton Underwood and her parents. With a few exceptions from 1888 until 1923, Ruth Newton's parents resided at the Kwansei Gakuin, a Methodist Episcopal secondary school in Kobe, Japan. Although their correspondence is predominately concerned with daily life and family news, it also contains references to current events such as the Russo-Japanese War of 1905, World War I, and Japanese involvement in North East Asia. Additionally, the letters written by John C. Calhoun Newton, who served in various administrative and teaching positions at the Kwansei Gakuin, often make reference to the school's affairs, its relationship with the broader Japanese world, and other Methodist missionaries such as Bishop Walter R. Lambuth, who were serving in Japan and China.

Ruth Newton's correspondence with Emory Marvin Underwood, who became an lawyer and federal judge, begins during her college years at the Nashville College for Young Ladies and continues during a teaching stint at the Littleton Female College, Littleton, N.C., and a two-year stay with her parents in Japan. After their marriage in the summer of 1905, there are fewer letters, but during Underwood's service, 1919-1920, as the general solicitor for the United States Railroad Administration in Washington, D.C., their correspondence resumed. In general, these are personal letters devoted to family matters and concerns, but there is also mention of Underwood's legal career and the couple's broader activities in organizations such as Herbert Hoover's European Relief Drive and the Commission on Interracial Cooperation.

Folder 158

1888-1889 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 158

Folder 159

1890-1892 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 159

Folder 160

1893 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 160

Folder 161

1894 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 161

Folder 162

1895 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 162

Folder 163

1896 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 163

Folder 164

1897 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 164

Folder 165-166

Folder 165

Folder 166

1898 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 165-166

Folder 167-169

Folder 167

Folder 168

Folder 169

1899 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 167-169

Folder 170

1890s #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 170

Folder 171-175

Folder 171

Folder 172

Folder 173

Folder 174

Folder 175

1900 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 171-175

Folder 176-187

Folder 176

Folder 177

Folder 178

Folder 179

Folder 180

Folder 181

Folder 182

Folder 183

Folder 184

Folder 185

Folder 186

Folder 187

1901 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 176-187

Folder 188-195

Folder 188

Folder 189

Folder 190

Folder 191

Folder 192

Folder 193

Folder 194

Folder 195

1902 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 188-195

Folder 196-200

Folder 196

Folder 197

Folder 198

Folder 199

Folder 200

1903 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 196-200

Folder 201-204

Folder 201

Folder 202

Folder 203

Folder 204

1904 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 201-204

Folder 205-209

Folder 205

Folder 206

Folder 207

Folder 208

Folder 209

1905 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 205-209

Folder 210-214

Folder 210

Folder 211

Folder 212

Folder 213

Folder 214

1906 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 210-214

Folder 215-217

Folder 215

Folder 216

Folder 217

1907 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 215-217

Folder 218

1909-1911 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 218

Folder 219-221

Folder 219

Folder 220

Folder 221

1912 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 219-221

Folder 222-224

Folder 222

Folder 223

Folder 224

1913 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 222-224

Folder 225

1914 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 225

Folder 226

1915 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 226

Folder 227-228

Folder 227

Folder 228

1916 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 227-228

Folder 229

1917 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 229

Folder 230-231

Folder 230

Folder 231

1918 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 230-231

Folder 232-234

Folder 232

Folder 233

Folder 234

1919 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 232-234

Folder 235-237

Folder 235

Folder 236

Folder 237

1920 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 235-237

Folder 238-241

Folder 238

Folder 239

Folder 240

Folder 241

1921 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 238-241

Folder 242-243

Folder 242

Folder 243

1922 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 242-243

Folder 244

1923 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 244

Folder 245

1929 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 245

Folder 246

1931 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 246

Folder 247

1932-1957 #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 247

Folder 248

Letter fragments, enclosed writings, and notes #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 248

Folder 249

Calling cards #05098, Subseries: "4.1. Correspondence, 1888-1957." Folder 249

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 4.2. Writings and Other Papers, 1880-1931.

About 300 items.

Arrangement: by type.

Primarily, the writings of John C. Calhoun Newton. These works consist of sermons, prayer meeting talks, lecture notes on ethics delivered to the students of the Kwansei Gakuin, and drafts of a larger work devoted to the subject of christian ethics. Also included are newspaper clippings about the Newton and Underwood families; several eulogy-like tributes of John C. Calhoun Newton and his wife, Letty Lay Newton; and several financial receipts.

Folder 250

Index of sermons #05098, Subseries: "4.2. Writings and Other Papers, 1880-1931." Folder 250

Folder 251

Notebook of sermons, 1880 #05098, Subseries: "4.2. Writings and Other Papers, 1880-1931." Folder 251

Folder 252

Notebook of sermons, 1880-1881 #05098, Subseries: "4.2. Writings and Other Papers, 1880-1931." Folder 252

Folder 253

Notebook of sermons and prayer meeting talks, undated #05098, Subseries: "4.2. Writings and Other Papers, 1880-1931." Folder 253

Folder 254

Sermons and talks, 1880s #05098, Subseries: "4.2. Writings and Other Papers, 1880-1931." Folder 254

Folder 255-256

Folder 255

Folder 256

Sermons, 1902 #05098, Subseries: "4.2. Writings and Other Papers, 1880-1931." Folder 255-256

Folder 257

Notebook of lectures on ethics for the second year classes #05098, Subseries: "4.2. Writings and Other Papers, 1880-1931." Folder 257

Folder 258

Bound volume of lectures on ethics delivered to divinity students of Kwansei Gakuin #05098, Subseries: "4.2. Writings and Other Papers, 1880-1931." Folder 258

Folder 259

Outline of coursework for students of Kwansei Gakuin #05098, Subseries: "4.2. Writings and Other Papers, 1880-1931." Folder 259

Folder 260

Notebook of essays, 1920s #05098, Subseries: "4.2. Writings and Other Papers, 1880-1931." Folder 260

Folder 261

Notebook of notes on Chinese history and sermons #05098, Subseries: "4.2. Writings and Other Papers, 1880-1931." Folder 261

Folder 262-267

Folder 262

Folder 263

Folder 264

Folder 265

Folder 266

Folder 267

Manuscript of a text on christian ethics, 1920s #05098, Subseries: "4.2. Writings and Other Papers, 1880-1931." Folder 262-267

Folder 268-270

Folder 268

Folder 269

Folder 270

Miscellaneous writings, 1920s #05098, Subseries: "4.2. Writings and Other Papers, 1880-1931." Folder 268-270

Folder 271

Receipts, 1901-1922 #05098, Subseries: "4.2. Writings and Other Papers, 1880-1931." Folder 271

Folder 272

Tributes to John C. Calhoun Newton and Letty Lay Newton, 1931 #05098, Subseries: "4.2. Writings and Other Papers, 1880-1931." Folder 272

Folder 273

Newspaper clippings, 1890s-1930s #05098, Subseries: "4.2. Writings and Other Papers, 1880-1931." Folder 273

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 4.3. Pamphlets and Printed Materials, 1896-1931.

About 50 items.

Arrangement: by type.

Publications commemorating communal events or the achievements of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South in both the United States and Japan. The United States publications relate primarily to meetings, such as the 6th Ecumenical Conference of Methodism in 1931 and the Union Bi-Centenary Celebration of 1903. The Japanese publications include The Yearbook and Minutes of the Japanese Mission of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South , 1907-1908; the 1909 20th Anniversary Catalogue of the Kwansei Gakuin; The Japanese Student Bulletin of 1931; and a small pamphlet about the first Methodist church built in Kobe, Japan. There are also several printed materials that relate to events held at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn., in the 1890s.

Folder 274

Pamphlets related to events at Vanderbilt University, 1896 #05098, Subseries: "4.3. Pamphlets and Printed Materials, 1896-1931." Folder 274

Folder 275

United States Methodist publications, 1903-1931 #05098, Subseries: "4.3. Pamphlets and Printed Materials, 1896-1931." Folder 275

Folder 276-277

Folder 276

Folder 277

Japanese Methodist publications, 1907-1931 #05098, Subseries: "4.3. Pamphlets and Printed Materials, 1896-1931." Folder 276-277

Folder 278

Japanese postcards #05098, Subseries: "4.3. Pamphlets and Printed Materials, 1896-1931." Folder 278

Folder 279

Miscellaneous printed materials #05098, Subseries: "4.3. Pamphlets and Printed Materials, 1896-1931." Folder 279

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 4.4. Photographs, 1890s-1920s.

40 items.

Arrangement: by type.

Inscribed portraits of friends and their families in Japan, less formal pictures of various members of the Newton and Underwood families, especially John C. Calhoun Newton on the grounds of the Kwansei Gakuin, and color tinted photographs of Japanese landscapes and women.

Folder P-5098/45-47

P-5098/45

P-5098/46

P-5098/47

Inscribed portraits of friends and associates in Japan, 1900s-1920s #05098, Subseries: "4.4. Photographs, 1890s-1920s." Folder P-5098/45-47

Folder P-5098/48

Newton and Underwood family pictures, 1890s-1920s #05098, Subseries: "4.4. Photographs, 1890s-1920s." Folder P-5098/48

Folder P-5098/49

Tinted photographs of Japan #05098, Subseries: "4.4. Photographs, 1890s-1920s." Folder P-5098/49

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Addition of December 2006 (Acc. 100559), 1966-1976 and undated.

About 175 items.

Arrangement: by type of material.

These materials have not been integrated into the arrangement of the original deposit, but relate to those that can be found in Series. 3, Lawrence D. Kessler Papers. The donor's folder titles for folders 280 through 285 have been retained.

Materials relating to activism and activist groups on the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill campus and in the Chapel Hill community at large. The addition consists chiefly of publications relating to activist groups, such as newsletters of the Chapel Hill Peace Center, Bread and Roses socialist community newsletters, issues of The Southern Patriot, and other printed materials.

Folder 280

Black Student Movement Demands Struggle #05098, Series: "Addition of December 2006 (Acc. 100559), 1966-1976 and undated." Folder 280

Folder 281

Food Service Workers Strike #05098, Series: "Addition of December 2006 (Acc. 100559), 1966-1976 and undated." Folder 281

Folder 282

Football at UNC #05098, Series: "Addition of December 2006 (Acc. 100559), 1966-1976 and undated." Folder 282

Folder 283

New University Conference #05098, Series: "Addition of December 2006 (Acc. 100559), 1966-1976 and undated." Folder 283

Folder 284

Radical Activity, miscellaneous #05098, Series: "Addition of December 2006 (Acc. 100559), 1966-1976 and undated." Folder 284

Folder 285

Other papers #05098, Series: "Addition of December 2006 (Acc. 100559), 1966-1976 and undated." Folder 285

Folder 286

Southern labor movement publications #05098, Series: "Addition of December 2006 (Acc. 100559), 1966-1976 and undated." Folder 286

Folder 287

Chapel Hill Peace Center newsletters and two issues of The Left Heel #05098, Series: "Addition of December 2006 (Acc. 100559), 1966-1976 and undated." Folder 287

Folder 288

Bread and Roses newsletters #05098, Series: "Addition of December 2006 (Acc. 100559), 1966-1976 and undated." Folder 288

Folder 289-291

Folder 289

Folder 290

Folder 291

The Southern Patriot #05098, Series: "Addition of December 2006 (Acc. 100559), 1966-1976 and undated." Folder 289-291

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Items Separated

Items separated include photographs (P-5098), a photograph album (PA-5098), audiotapes (C-5098), film (F-5098), and videotapes (VT-5098).

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