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Collection Number: 00406

Collection Title: Claude Kitchin Papers, 1879-1923.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


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Size 30,000 items (25.5 linear feet).
Abstract Claude Kitchin (24 March 1869-31 May 1923) was a Democrat from North Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1901-1923; chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee; and House majority leader for the Sixty-fourth and Sixty-fifth Congresses, 1915-1919. The collection includes Kitchin's office files while he served as chairman of the Ways and Means Committee and House majority leader, particularly concerning his interests in the tariff; revenue bills, including war bonds and income tax; military defense; and opposition to United States entry into World War I. Correspondence documents committee issues and policy, constituent concerns, and local and state politics. There are a few earlier papers, mostly concerning North Carolina Populist-Democratic politics, 1896-1898, the Democratic Party in North Carolina, and prominent national figures. Also included are speeches and petitions, House bills, copies of the Congressional Record, clippings, letters of sympathy at his death, and notes and correspondence about Kitchin by Professor Alex Matthews Arnett (1888-1945).
Creator Kitchin, Claude, 1869-1923.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Claude Kitchin Papers, #406, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Mrs. Claude Kitchin and Claude Kitchin Jr., 1933 (Acc. 101916).
Additional Descriptive Resources
A more complete finding aid and a guide to the microfilm for this collection is available at the Southern Historical Collection.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Claude Kitchin (24 March 1869-31 May 1923), born in Scotland Neck, Halifax County, N.C., was a member of the Democratic party in the United States House of Representatives, 1901-1923; chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee; and House majority leader for the Sixty-fourth and Sixty-fifth Congresses, 1915-1919. His father, William Hodges Kitchin, was a United States Representative from North Carolina, 1880-1882, and his brother, William Walton Kitchin, was also a United States Representative from North Carolina, 1896-1908, and governor of the state, 1909-1913. Claude Kitchin graduated from Wake Forest College in 1888, where he studied law. He married Kate Mills and fathered nine children. He was admitted to the bar in 1890 and was interested in business, banking, and farming, as well as law and politics.

During his terms in Congress Kitchin focused on the tarrif, revenue bills, and funding the Unites States' efforts in World War I. He opposed the military preparedness measures of President Woodrow Wilson, and was one of fifty members of Congress to vote against declaring war on Germany in April 1917. Afterwards however, he threw himself into the war effort, arguing for an increase in taxes on excess corporate profits to fund the military, rather than selling Liberty Bonds and placing the financial burden of war on future generations. He suffered a stroke in 1920, but continued to serve in Congress until his death in 1923.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection includes Kitchin's office files while he served as chairman of the Ways and Means Committee and House majority leader, particularly concerning his interests in the tariff, revenue bills, military defense, and opposition to United States entry into World War I. Series 1 Correspondence and Other Papers, 1878-1936 and undated, documents committee issues and policy, constituent concerns, and local and state politics. There are a few earlier papers, mostly concerning North Carolina Populist-Democratic politics, 1896-1898, the Democratic Party in North Carolina, and prominent national figures. Also included are speeches and petitions, letters of sympathy at his death, and notes and correspondence about Kitchin by Professor Alex Matthews Arnett (1888-1945). Notable correspondents include William Jennings Bryan, Josephus Daniels, William Gibbs McAdoo, and Woodrow Wilson. Series 2 U.S. House of Representatives Bills, 1916-1920, includes proposed bills to change the income tax, to institute a war income tax and a tax on war profits on government contracts, and to authorize issue of additional bonds to fund war expenditures. Series 3 Congressional Record consists of selected issuesof the publication, 1913-1921. Series 4 Clippings, 1892-1925 and undated, includes articles, editorials, pictures, and political cartoons concerning Kitchin, his actions in Congress, and World War I.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated.

About 19,000 items.

Letters, petitions, speeches, notes, and office files, chiefly concerning Claude Kitchin's later years in Congress. Correspondence from 1881 to 1913 includes notes on the possibility of fusion of the Democratic and Populist parties in North Carolina, as well as bills and receipts from men working on Kitchin's land in North Carolina. Much of the collection consists of letters and petitions from Kitchin's constituents concerning appointments, government printed materials, free flower and vegetable seeds, personal favors, the draft, military preparedness, the war resolution in 1917, and the organization and campaigns of the Democratic party at the national and state level. Correspondence with contemporary political figures includes discussions of the arrangement of committee meetings, attendance, caucuses, roll calls, committee membership, and the establishment of policy. In correspondence with local and state leaders Kitchin dicussed governors, judges, and the political leaders from his district. Notable correspondants include William Jennings Bryan, Josephus Daniels, William Gibbs McAdoo, and Woodrow Wilson. Topics frequently mentioned include agriculture, banking, the economy, elections, foreign affairs, influenza epidemics, labor, militarism, newspapers, prohibition, rural credit systems, suffrage, the tariff, taxes, war profits,revenue bills, military defense, and opposition to United States entry into World War I.

Correspondence from 1920 to Kitchin's death in 1923 was chiefly carried out by Charles H. England, his secretary in Washington, D.C. Many letters that appear to be written by Kitchin, were actually written by one of his clerks in his name. Correspondence from 1923 to 1926 is largely composed of telegrams and letters of sympathy to the Kitchin family and notes by Kitchin's secretaries concerning various minor matters of unfinished business. Correspondence from 1935 to 1936 between the Kitchin family and Professor Alex Matthews Arnett (1888-1945), Kitchin's biographer, concerns the Kitchin family background, Kitchin's personality, and his political activities.

There are few personal or family letters.

Folder 1

1879-1899 #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 1

Folder 2

1900-1909 #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 2

Folder 3

1910 #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 3

Folder 4

1911-1912 #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 4

Folder 5

1913-June 1914 #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 5

Folder 6

1914: July-September #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 6

Folder 7

October 1914 #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 7

Folder 8-16

Folder 8

Folder 9

Folder 10

Folder 11

Folder 12

Folder 13

Folder 14

Folder 15

Folder 16

November 1914-March 1915 #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 8-16

Folder 17-32

Folder 17

Folder 18

Folder 19

Folder 20

Folder 21

Folder 22

Folder 23

Folder 24

Folder 25

Folder 26

Folder 27

Folder 28

Folder 29

Folder 30

Folder 31

Folder 32

1915: April 1915-July #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 17-32

Folder 33-46

Folder 33

Folder 34

Folder 35

Folder 36

Folder 37

Folder 38

Folder 39

Folder 40

Folder 41

Folder 42

Folder 43

Folder 44

Folder 45

Folder 46

1915: August-18 October #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 33-46

Folder 47-58

Folder 47

Folder 48

Folder 49

Folder 50

Folder 51

Folder 52

Folder 53

Folder 54

Folder 55

Folder 56

Folder 57

Folder 58

1915: 18 October 1915-20 November #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 47-58

Folder 59-71

Folder 59

Folder 60

Folder 61

Folder 62

Folder 63

Folder 64

Folder 65

Folder 66

Folder 67

Folder 68

Folder 69

Folder 70

Folder 71

1915: 21 November-9 December #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 59-71

Folder 72-86

Folder 72

Folder 73

Folder 74

Folder 75

Folder 76

Folder 77

Folder 78

Folder 79

Folder 80

Folder 81

Folder 82

Folder 83

Folder 84

Folder 85

Folder 86

10 December 1915-5 January 1916 #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 72-86

Folder 87-100

Folder 87

Folder 88

Folder 89

Folder 90

Folder 91

Folder 92

Folder 93

Folder 94

Folder 95

Folder 96

Folder 97

Folder 98

Folder 99

Folder 100

1916: 6-31 January #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 87-100

Folder 101-117

Folder 101

Folder 102

Folder 103

Folder 104

Folder 105

Folder 106

Folder 107

Folder 108

Folder 109

Folder 110

Folder 111

Folder 112

Folder 113

Folder 114

Folder 115

Folder 116

Folder 117

1916: 1-20 February #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 101-117

Folder 118-134

Folder 118

Folder 119

Folder 120

Folder 121

Folder 122

Folder 123

Folder 124

Folder 125

Folder 126

Folder 127

Folder 128

Folder 129

Folder 130

Folder 131

Folder 132

Folder 133

Folder 134

1916: 21 February-11 March #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 118-134

Folder 135-150

Folder 135

Folder 136

Folder 137

Folder 138

Folder 139

Folder 140

Folder 141

Folder 142

Folder 143

Folder 144

Folder 145

Folder 146

Folder 147

Folder 148

Folder 149

Folder 150

1916: 12 March-20 April #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 135-150

Folder 151-170

Folder 151

Folder 152

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Folder 158

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Folder 162

Folder 163

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Folder 165

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Folder 167

Folder 168

Folder 169

Folder 170

1916: 21 April-20 June #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 151-170

Folder 171-187

Folder 171

Folder 172

Folder 173

Folder 174

Folder 175

Folder 176

Folder 177

Folder 178

Folder 179

Folder 180

Folder 181

Folder 182

Folder 183

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Folder 185

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Folder 187

1916: 21 June-31 July #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 171-187

Folder 188-205

Folder 188

Folder 189

Folder 190

Folder 191

Folder 192

Folder 193

Folder 194

Folder 195

Folder 196

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Folder 198

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Folder 200

Folder 201

Folder 202

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Folder 204

Folder 205

1916: August #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 188-205

Folder 206-224

Folder 206

Folder 207

Folder 208

Folder 209

Folder 210

Folder 211

Folder 212

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Folder 218

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Folder 220

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Folder 223

Folder 224

1916: September-October #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 206-224

Folder 225-242

Folder 225

Folder 226

Folder 227

Folder 228

Folder 229

Folder 230

Folder 231

Folder 232

Folder 233

Folder 234

Folder 235

Folder 236

Folder 237

Folder 238

Folder 239

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Folder 242

1916: November-December #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 225-242

Folder 243-257

Folder 243

Folder 244

Folder 245

Folder 246

Folder 247

Folder 248

Folder 249

Folder 250

Folder 251

Folder 252

Folder 253

Folder 254

Folder 255

Folder 256

Folder 257

1917: January #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 243-257

Folder 258-275

Folder 258

Folder 259

Folder 260

Folder 261

Folder 262

Folder 263

Folder 264

Folder 265

Folder 266

Folder 267

Folder 268

Folder 269

Folder 270

Folder 271

Folder 272

Folder 273

Folder 274

Folder 275

1917: February-16 March #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 258-275

Folder 276-292

Folder 276

Folder 277

Folder 278

Folder 279

Folder 280

Folder 281

Folder 282

Folder 283

Folder 284

Folder 285

Folder 286

Folder 287

Folder 288

Folder 289

Folder 290

Folder 291

Folder 292

1917: 17 March-9 April #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 276-292

Folder 293-305

Folder 293

Folder 294

Folder 295

Folder 296

Folder 297

Folder 298

Folder 299

Folder 300

Folder 301

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Folder 305

1917: 10 April-6 May #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 293-305

Folder 306-321

Folder 306

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Folder 315

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Folder 321

1917: 7 May-18 June #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 306-321

Folder 322-337

Folder 322

Folder 323

Folder 324

Folder 325

Folder 326

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Folder 329

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Folder 337

1917: 19 June-7 August #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 322-337

Folder 338-354

Folder 338

Folder 339

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Folder 354

1917: 8 August-15 September #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 338-354

Folder 355-373

Folder 355

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1917: 16 September-30 November #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 355-373

Folder 374-390

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1 December 1917-17 January 1918 #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 374-390

Folder 391-408

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Folder 406

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Folder 408

1918: 18 January-28 February #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 391-408

Folder 409-424

Folder 409

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Folder 411

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Folder 424

1918: 1 March-14 April #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 409-424

Folder 425-441

Folder 425

Folder 426

Folder 427

Folder 428

Folder 429

Folder 430

Folder 431

Folder 432

Folder 433

Folder 434

Folder 435

Folder 436

Folder 437

Folder 438

Folder 439

Folder 440

Folder 441

1918: 15 April-31 May #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 425-441

Folder 442-456

Folder 442

Folder 443

Folder 444

Folder 445

Folder 446

Folder 447

Folder 448

Folder 449

Folder 450

Folder 451

Folder 452

Folder 453

Folder 454

Folder 455

Folder 456

1918: 1 June-13 August #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 442-456

Folder 457-474

Folder 457

Folder 458

Folder 459

Folder 460

Folder 461

Folder 462

Folder 463

Folder 464

Folder 465

Folder 466

Folder 467

Folder 468

Folder 469

Folder 470

Folder 471

Folder 472

Folder 473

Folder 474

1918: 14 August-31 October #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 457-474

Folder 475-488

Folder 475

Folder 476

Folder 477

Folder 478

Folder 479

Folder 480

Folder 481

Folder 482

Folder 483

Folder 484

Folder 485

Folder 486

Folder 487

Folder 488

1918: November-December #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 475-488

Folder 489-509

Folder 489

Folder 490

Folder 491

Folder 492

Folder 493

Folder 494

Folder 495

Folder 496

Folder 497

Folder 498

Folder 499

Folder 500

Folder 501

Folder 502

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Folder 508

Folder 509

1919: January-February #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 489-509

Folder 510-528

Folder 510

Folder 511

Folder 512

Folder 513

Folder 514

Folder 515

Folder 516

Folder 517

Folder 518

Folder 519

Folder 520

Folder 521

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Folder 523

Folder 524

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Folder 528

1919: March-May #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 510-528

Folder 529-545

Folder 529

Folder 530

Folder 531

Folder 532

Folder 533

Folder 534

Folder 535

Folder 536

Folder 537

Folder 538

Folder 539

Folder 540

Folder 541

Folder 542

Folder 543

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Folder 545

1919: June-August #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 529-545

Folder 546-564

Folder 546

Folder 547

Folder 548

Folder 549

Folder 550

Folder 551

Folder 552

Folder 553

Folder 554

Folder 555

Folder 556

Folder 557

Folder 558

Folder 559

Folder 560

Folder 561

Folder 562

Folder 563

Folder 564

1919: September-December #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 546-564

Folder 565-579

Folder 565

Folder 566

Folder 567

Folder 568

Folder 569

Folder 570

Folder 571

Folder 572

Folder 573

Folder 574

Folder 575

Folder 576

Folder 577

Folder 578

Folder 579

1920: January-February #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 565-579

Folder 580-600

Folder 580

Folder 581

Folder 582

Folder 583

Folder 584

Folder 585

Folder 586

Folder 587

Folder 588

Folder 589

Folder 590

Folder 591

Folder 592

Folder 593

Folder 594

Folder 595

Folder 596

Folder 597

Folder 598

Folder 599

Folder 600

1920: March-November #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 580-600

Folder 601-618

Folder 601

Folder 602

Folder 603

Folder 604

Folder 605

Folder 606

Folder 607

Folder 608

Folder 609

Folder 610

Folder 611

Folder 612

Folder 613

Folder 614

Folder 615

Folder 616

Folder 617

Folder 618

December 1920-March 1921 #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 601-618

Folder 619-632

Folder 619

Folder 620

Folder 621

Folder 622

Folder 623

Folder 624

Folder 625

Folder 626

Folder 627

Folder 628

Folder 629

Folder 630

Folder 631

Folder 632

1921: April-June #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 619-632

Folder 633-650

Folder 633

Folder 634

Folder 635

Folder 636

Folder 637

Folder 638

Folder 639

Folder 640

Folder 641

Folder 642

Folder 643

Folder 644

Folder 645

Folder 646

Folder 647

Folder 648

Folder 649

Folder 650

July 1921-May 1922 #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 633-650

Folder 651-674

Folder 651

Folder 652

Folder 653

Folder 654

Folder 655

Folder 656

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Folder 667

Folder 668

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Folder 674

1922: June-December #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 651-674

Folder 675-694

Folder 675

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Folder 680

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Folder 694

1923 #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 675-694

Folder 695

1924-1926 #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 695

Folder 696

1935-1936 #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 696

Folder 697-714

Folder 697

Folder 698

Folder 699

Folder 700

Folder 701

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Folder 710

Folder 711

Folder 712

Folder 713

Folder 714

Undated #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 697-714

Folder 715

Notebook of legislative references #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 715

Folder 716-736

Folder 716

Folder 717

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Folder 721

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Folder 727

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Folder 729

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Folder 732

Folder 733

Folder 734

Folder 735

Folder 736

Miscellaneous printed materials #00406, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1878-1936 and undated." Folder 716-736

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. U.S. House of Representatives Bills, 1916-1920.

About 100 items.

Copies of selected House bills with scattered annotations, 1916-1920. Includes several bills proposing changes to income tax, a bill to institute a war income tax, a bill to authorize the issue of additional bonds to fund war expenditures, and a proposal for a tax on war profits on government contracts. There are also proposed drafts of the 1918 revenue bill and copies of the 1920 Transportation Act.

Folder 737-741

Folder 737

Folder 738

Folder 739

Folder 740

Folder 741

House bills, 1916-1918 #00406, Series: "2. U.S. House of Representatives Bills, 1916-1920." Folder 737-741

Folder 742-745

Folder 742

Folder 743

Folder 744

Folder 745

House bills, 1919-1920 #00406, Series: "2. U.S. House of Representatives Bills, 1916-1920." Folder 742-745

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Congressional Record, 1913-1921.

10 items.

Selected copies of the Congressional Record with scattered annotations, 1913-1921.

Folder 746-747

Folder 746

Folder 747

Congressional Record, 1913-1921 #00406, Series: "3. Congressional Record, 1913-1921." Folder 746-747

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Clippings, 1892-1925 and undated.

About 10,000 items.

Clippings from North Carolina and national newspapers related to the political career of Claude Kitchin. Includes articles, editorials, pictures, and political cartoons. Many clippings are annotated. Topics include Kitchin's election to Congress; his role as House floor leader; Democratic party politics; national defense, military preparedness, the War Tax bill, and World War I; taxes, the Tariff Act, and the Revenue Bill; Kitchin's relationship with Woodrow Wilson; and Kitchin's illness, stroke, and death.

Folder 748-752

Folder 748

Folder 749

Folder 750

Folder 751

Folder 752

Clippings, 1892-1914 #00406, Series: "4. Clippings, 1892-1925 and undated." Folder 748-752

Folder 753-765

Folder 753

Folder 754

Folder 755

Folder 756

Folder 757

Folder 758

Folder 759

Folder 760

Folder 761

Folder 762

Folder 763

Folder 764

Folder 765

Clippings, 1915-1917 #00406, Series: "4. Clippings, 1892-1925 and undated." Folder 753-765

Folder 766-775

Folder 766

Folder 767

Folder 768

Folder 769

Folder 770

Folder 771

Folder 772

Folder 773

Folder 774

Folder 775

Clippings, 1918-1925 #00406, Series: "4. Clippings, 1892-1925 and undated." Folder 766-775

Folder 776-780

Folder 776

Folder 777

Folder 778

Folder 779

Folder 780

Clippings, undated #00406, Series: "4. Clippings, 1892-1925 and undated." Folder 776-780

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

Updated by: Amanda Loeb, October 2013

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