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Collection Number: 04547

Collection Title: J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914

This collection has use restrictions. For details, please see the restrictions.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


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Size 0.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 3 items)
Abstract Julius A. Lineback of Haw River and Winston-Salem, N.C., was a member of the marching band attached to the 26th North Carolina Regiment during the Civil War. The collection consists of three volumes relating to Julius A. Lineback. Included are Lineback's wartime diary, about 200 pages; an expanded version of that diary, with photographs and drawings, including sketches made in the field by regimental artist, Alexander C. Meinung, materials relating to reunions and other activities of Confederate veterans, and other scrapbook material added by Lineback, probably after 1900, about 390 pages; and a third volume containing extracts from the expanded diary, which were published in the " Winston-Salem Sentinel" in 1914. This last volume also contains North Carolina and Confederate currency issued during the Civil War. In the various versions of the diary, Lineback discussed, in some detail, movements of his regiment; camp life; engagements with Federal troops, including the Battle of Gettysburg; care of battle casualties, band members also functioning as medical aids; musical activities of the band; and other related matters.
Creator Lineback, J. A. (Julius Augustus), 1834-1930.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No copying without permission of the donor.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the J.A. Lineback papers #4547, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Clarence T. Leinbach Jr. of Winston-Salem, N.C., in 1982.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Julius A. Lineback, fl. 1860s-1920s, of Haw River, N.C., was a member of the marching band attached to the 26th North Carolina Regiment during the Civil War. Early entries in Lineback's diary indicate that he was probably involved in milling before the Civil War. After the war, he worked in the Salem Moravian land office. The Lineback family was prominent in the 1880s fruit preservation and packing.

The marching band was formed in the Moravian settlement in Old Salem, N.C., under Sam T. Mickey, with permission of then-Colonel Zebulon B. Vance. It went into service on 5 March 1862. Members of the band served throughout the war, providing entertainment and moral support for troops in the field and, on occasional furloughs home, attempting to raise the spirits of the folks back in North Carolina. On one of these furloughs, the band played at former-Colonel Vance's gubernatorial inauguration. It is clear from Lineback's diary that the duties of band members extended beyond providing music; they frequently assisted in post-battle clean-up operations, helping in the transport of the wounded and the burying of the dead.

Band members were taken as prisoners in northern Virginia on 5 April 1865. Two days after being incarcerated at Petersburg, Va., news of the end of hostilities resulted in speedy end to their captivity.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection consists of three volumes relating to Julius A. Lineback of Haw River and Winston-Salem, N.C., who was a member of the marching band attached to the 26th North Carolina Regiment during the Civil War. Included are Lineback's wartime diary, about 200 pages; an expanded version of that diary, with photographs and drawings, including sketches made in the field by regimental artist, Alexander C. Meinung, materials relating to reunions and other activities of Confederate veterans, and other scrapbook material added by Lineback, probably after 1900, about 390 pages; and a third volume containing extracts from the expanded diary, which were published in the " Winston-Salem Sentinel" in 1914. This last volume also contains North Carolina and Confederate currency issued during the Civil War. In the various versions of the diary, Lineback discussed, in some detail, movements of his regiment; camp life; engagements with Federal troops, including the Battle of Gettysburg; care of battle casualties, band members also functioning as medical aids; musical activities of the band; and other related matters.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914.

Folder 1

Volume 1: Pocket diary, circa 1861-1863, about 200 pages. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 1

Small diary belonging to Julius A. Lineback. The diary was printed for use in 1861, but entries reach at least through 1863. Diary entries tend to be cursory; they were greatly expanded in the version found in volumes 2 and 3.

Folder 2a

Volume 2: Diary in narrative form, circa 1862-1928, about 390 pages. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 2a

Greatly expanded narrative version of diary entries in volume 1. Chiefly consisting of handwritten entries documenting Lineback's Civil War activities, this volume also contains pasted-in letters (including orders from Colonel Zebulon B. Vance), band concert notices, printed copies of photographs, and pressed flowers and grasses. Also included are copies of sketches made in the field by the regimental artist A.C. Meinung, some of which have been hand colored. Many ribbons commemorating post-war reunions of the regiment appear at the end of the volume as do numerous newspaper clippings containing patriotic stories.

Folder 2b

Volume 2: Diary in narrative form, circa 1862-1928. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 2b

Folder 2c

Volume 2: Diary in narrative form, circa 1862-1928. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 2c

Folder 2d

Volume 2: Diary in narrative form, circa 1862-1928. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 2d

Folder 2e

Volume 2: Diary in narrative form, circa 1862-1928. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 2e

Folder 2f

Volume 2: Diary in narrative form, circa 1862-1928. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 2f

Folder 2g

Volume 2: Diary in narrative form, circa 1862-1928. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 2g

Folder 2h

Volume 2: Diary in narrative form, circa 1862-1928. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 2h

Folder 2i

Volume 2: Diary in narrative form, circa 1862-1928. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 2i

Folder 2j

Volume 2: Diary in narrative form, circa 1862-1928. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 2j

Folder 2k

Volume 2: Diary in narrative form, circa 1862-1928. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 2k

Folder 2l

Volume 2: Diary in narrative form, circa 1862-1928. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 2l

Folder 2m

Volume 2: Diary in narrative form, circa 1862-1928. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 2m

Folder 2n

Volume 2: Diary in narrative form, circa 1862-1928. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 2n

Folder 2o

Volume 2: Diary in narrative form, circa 1862-1928. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 2o

Folder 2p

Volume 2: Diary in narrative form, circa 1862-1928. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 2p

Folder 2q

Volume 2: Diary in narrative form, circa 1862-1928. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 2q

Folder 2r

Volume 2: Diary in narrative form, circa 1862-1928, covers. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 2r

Folder 3

Volume 3: Scrapbook, circa 1914, about 200 pages. #04547, Series: "J.A. Lineback Papers, circa 1861-1863; 1914." Folder 3

Volume inscribed to Clarence T. Lineback from his father, Julius A. Lineback, containing "Extracts from a Civil War Diary," printed by the Winston- Salem Sentinel on 13 June 1914. These extracts were taken from the polished version of Lineback's diary, volume 2 of this collection. Also included are six pages of paper currency issued by the state of North Carolina and by the Confederate States of America during the Civil War.

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Processing Information

Processed by: Roslyn Holdzkom, April 1990

Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008

While inner pages of the volumes are in good shape, bindings are fragile and should be handled with extreme care.

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