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Collection Number: 00484

Collection Title: Manigault Family Papers, 1824-1897

This collection has use restrictions. For details, please see the restrictions.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


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Size 1.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 19 items)
Abstract The Manigault family of Charleston, S.C., and plantations in the Berkeley District, S.C., and on Argyle Island in the Savannah River, Ga., included Charles, merchant and rice planter, and his sons Gabriel Edward Manigault, planter, physician, and curator of the Museum of Natural History at the College of Charleston, and Louis Manigault, planter. The collection includes plantation records of the Silk Hope Plantation, Berkeley District, S.C., and the Gowrie Plantation and East Hermitage Plantation, Argyle Island, Ga. Plantation records contain information on slaves (including a photograph of a runaway slave), rice growing, market conditions, the weather, and other topics. Also included are papers of Charles Manigault, among them a will and essays on slavery and other topics, and a manuscript autobiography of Gabriel Edward Manigualt, detailing his studies in medical schools in Europe and at the Medical College of the State of South Carolina, his Confederate army career with the 4th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment, and other matters. There is also a microfilmed album of Louis Manigault, containing letters, bits of a Civil War diary, wartime clippings, and other papers, 1861-1868, related to his service as secretary to Confederate army surgeon Joseph Jones.
Creator Manigault family.
Language English
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Information For Users

Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
The original volume in folder 3 is closed due to fragility. Researchers may use the microfilm copy or the digital facsimile of the volume that is available online.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Manigault Family Papers #484, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alternate Form of Material
Microfilm copy available.
  • Reel 1: Series 1
  • Reel 2: Series 2.3
Series 1-2.2 are available from University Publications of America as part of the Records of ante-bellum southern plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War, Series J .
Alternate Form of Material
Digitized version of 1833-1876 journal available (see below).
Acquisitions Information
Purchased in 1940 and 1946; Louis Manigault album lent for filming by Mrs. G. Manigault Jenkins in 1947.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

The Manigault family of South Carolina and Georgia was large and powerful. Materials in this collection relate chiefly to the following individuals.

Charles Manigault (1795-1874) was born in Charleston, S.C., and spent his early life in New York and Philadelphia. He was at the University of Pennsylvania in 1814 when, as a member of the militia, he was called out to defend the city from the British. Charles became a merchant and traveled widely, visiting Asia, Australia, and South America. In 1823, he returned to South Carolina and acquired the Silk Hope plantation at the head of the Cooper River in the Berkeley District of South Carolina. In 1833, he bought rice lands on Argyle Island in the Savannah River, several miles upstream from the port of Savannah. The island property included two adjoining plantations Gowrie and East Hermitage. Charles also owned the Camp Plantation, which was inland on the river.

Charles's son Gabriel Edward Manigault (1833-1899), was educated as a physician and zoologist, studying at the College of Charleston and the Medical College of the State of South Carolina, from which he was graduated in 1854. He also studied in Europe. Gabriel never practiced medicine. Instead, while maintaining his planter status, he became, in 1873, the curator of the Museum of Natural History at the College of Charleston and was also a lecturer at the college and president of the Carolina Art Association. During the Civil War, he served as private and adjutant in the 4th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment.

Louis Manigault, another son of Charles, was born around 1829, and, after schooling and traveling, managed properties for his father. During the Civil War, he moved from Charleston to Macon and Augusta, Georgia, from which he made annual visits to the Savannah River plantations. He also served as secretary to Joseph Jones (1833-1896), Confederate army surgeon and professor at the Medical College of Georgia in Augusta.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The Manigault family collection is chiefly plantation records of the Silk Hope Plantation, Berkeley District, S.C., and the Gowrie Plantation and East Hermitage Plantation, Argyle Island, Ga. Plantation records contain information on slaves (including a photograph of a runaway slave), rice growing, market conditions, the weather, and other topics. Also included are papers of Charles Manigault, among them a will and essays on slavery and other topics, and a manuscript autobiography of Gabriel Edward Manigualt, detailing his studies in medical schools in Europe and at the Medical College of the State of South Carolina, his Confederate army career with the 4th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment, and other matters. There is also a microfilmed album of Louis Manigault, containing letters, bits of a Civil War diary, wartime clippings, and other papers, 1861-1868, related to his service as secretary to Confederate army surgeon Joseph Jones.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Plantation Records, 1833-1887.

5 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

RESTRICTED: Onsite researchers are asked to use the facsimile of the slave photograph in folder 3 to preserve the integrity of the original. The photograph is also available in the digitized version of the journal (see link below).

Plantation record books as listed below. Most of the books contain information on all three major Manigault plantations: Silk Hope, at the head of the Cooper River in Berkeley District, S.C., and Gowrie and East Hermitage on Argyle Island in the Savannah River, Ga., several miles upstream from the port of Savannah.

Folder 1

Volume 1: 1833-1834 #00484, Series: "1. Plantation Records, 1833-1887." Folder 1

Slave records listing names of slaves, materials distributed to them, their movements among the plantations, and other information.

Folder 2

Volume 2: 1833-1855 #00484, Series: "1. Plantation Records, 1833-1887." Folder 2

Front to back: slave records similar to those above. Back to front: overseer's planting records; medicinal recipes; memoranda on physical improvements, probably at the Gowrie Plantation; and a handwritten copy of Heyward's Directions for Planting (1821).

Folder 3

Volume 3: 1833-1876 #00484, Series: "1. Plantation Records, 1833-1887." Folder 3

Compiled by Louis Manigault between 1856 and 1879, the journal includes information on plantation life, slaves and slavery, rice cultivation, market conditions, accounts, and other topics. Notes and memoranda kept by Charles Manigault regarding the plantations during the 1830s and 1840s were pasted into the journal. See digitized version for more complete description. Folder 3 contains a photograph of a runaway slave (facsimile available).

Digitized version of this volume

Manigault Plantation Journal

Folder 4

Enclosures #00484, Series: "1. Plantation Records, 1833-1887." Folder 4

Folder 5

Volume 4: 1833-1877 #00484, Series: "1. Plantation Records, 1833-1887." Folder 5

Similar to volumes described above, but also contains materials on slave auctions, memoranda on agricultural and economic conditions, and a colored drawing of a house at the Gowrie Plantation.

Folder 6

Enclosures #00484, Series: "1. Plantation Records, 1833-1887." Folder 6

Folder 7

Volume 5: 1875-1887 #00484, Series: "1. Plantation Records, 1833-1887." Folder 7

Records of the Gowrie Plantation. Included is a small amount of business correspondence, copies of legal documents, tax receipts, and clippings about floods in 1887 and 1888.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Other Papers, 1825-1897.

14 items.

Materials relating to Charles, Gabriel Edward, and Louis Manigault

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1. Charles Manigault Papers, 1825-1872.

12 items.

Letters, copies of letters, and notes, 1824-1872, chiefly relating to business affairs; and undated writings, most of which chronicle family history.

Folder 8

Letters and notes #00484, Subseries: "2.1. Charles Manigault Papers, 1825-1872." Folder 8

Folder 9

Writings #00484, Subseries: "2.1. Charles Manigault Papers, 1825-1872." Folder 9

Includes an account of Manigault's father's move to the North, a preliminary draft of Manigault's will, "Some Things Relating to Our Family Affairs," and "The Close of the War--The Negro, etc."

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.2. Gabriel Edward Manigault Autobiography, 1887-1897.

1 item.

Handwritten autobiography of Gabriel Edward Manigault, 544 pages, written between 1887 and 1897 in Charleston, S.C. Included are details of Gabriel Edward's life and family history.

Folder 10-13

Folder 10

Folder 11

Folder 12

Folder 13

Autobiography #00484, Subseries: "2.2. Gabriel Edward Manigault Autobiography, 1887-1897." Folder 10-13

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.3. Louis Manigault Album, 1861-1868.

1 item.

Album compiled after the Civil War. Items include tipped in Civil War correspondence between Louis and Gabriel Edward Manigault; clippings about the progress of the war; copies of correspondence and journal entries, 1863-1864, of Joseph Jones, Confederate army surgeon and professor at the Medical College of Georgia in Augusta; Confederate money and flag designs; and other items.

Reel 2

Album #00484, Subseries: "2.3. Louis Manigault Album, 1861-1868." Reel 2

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Items Separated

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Processing Information

Processed by: Roslyn Holdzkom, June 1990

Encoded by: Roslyn Holdzkom, May 2005

Updated by: Kathryn Michaelis, October 2009

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