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Collection Number: 03401

Collection Title: Rawley White Martin Papers, 1851-1927.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities; this finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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Size 0.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 160 items)
Abstract Rawley White Martin (1835-1912) of Pittsylvania County, Va., was a physician, and lieutenant colonel in the 53rd Virginia Regiment, Confederate States of America, who was wounded and captured in 1863, spent some time in federal prisons, was exchanged, and became Confederate prison director at Columbia, S.C., 1864-1865. The collection is mostly letters, 1861-1865, to Martin from his sisters Mollie, Beckie, Bettie, and Mattie, in Pittsylvania County, Va., about family and community matters; and letters written by Martin describing the movements of his company in the 53rd Regiment of Virginia Volunteers during May-June 1862, and his situation in the United States General Hospital in 1863, after he was wounded and captured at the Battle of Gettysburg. Also included are antebellum letters from members of the family of Lewis W. Ashley, who had settled in Union County, Ill., about their work and situation there as well as postbellum accounts, letters to Martin from William G. Jeffries of Dunnsville, Essex County, Va., about amusements and mutual friends; and tributes to Martin after his death.
Creator Martin, Rawley White, 1835-1912.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Rawley White Martin Papers, #3401, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Flora Martin (Mrs. Z. C.) Hubay of Charlotte, N.C., November 1958.
Additional Descriptive Resources
A copy of the original finding aid for this collection is filed in folder 1a.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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Rawley White Martin (1835-1912) of Pittsylvania County, Va., was a physician, and lieutenant colonel in the 53rd Virginia Regiment, Confederate States of America. Martin was educated at the University of Virginia and in New York, N.Y. He entered the Civil War as a lieutenant in the 53rd Regiment of Virginia Volunteers, rose to the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and was wounded and captured at Gettysburg, Pa., in 1863. After several months in a United States general hospital, he was transferred to Fort McHenry, Md., in October 1864, and later exchanged for another prisoner. He was then sent to South Carolina as director of military prisons in the Columbia area.

Following the war, Martin practiced medicine in Chatham and Lynchburg, Va.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection is mostly letters, 1861-1865, to Rawley White Martin from his sisters Mollie, Beckie, Bettie, and Mattie, in Pittsylvania County, Va., about family and community matters; and letters written by Martin describing the movements of his company in the 53rd Regiment of Virginia Volunteers during May-June 1862, and his situation in the United States General Hospital in 1863, after he was wounded and captured at the Battle of Gettysburg. Also included are antebellum letters from members of the family of Lewis W. Ashley, who had settled in Union County, Ill., about their work and situation there as well as postbellum accounts, letters to Martin from William G. Jeffries of Dunnsville, Essex County, Va., about amusements and mutual friends; and tributes to Martin after his death.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Rawley White Martin Papers, 1851-1927 and undated.

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

Updated by: Kate Stratton and Jodi Berkowitz, July 2010

This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

Diacritics and other special characters have been omitted from this finding aid to facilitate keyword searching in web browsers.

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