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Collection Number: 04618

Collection Title: Samuel J. C. Moore Papers, 1847-1939

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


Funding from the Watson-Brown Foundation, Inc., supported the encoding of this finding aid and microfilming of this collection.

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Size 1.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 500 items)
Abstract Samuel J. C. Moore, lawyer and planter of Berryville, Clarke County, Va., was an officer with the 2nd Virginia Infantry Regiment and adjutant to Jubal Early during the Civil War. His wife Ellen Moore remained in Berryville during the conflict. Their son Samuel Scolley Moore attended the University of Virginia. The collection consists chiefly of correspondence, 1861-1865, of Samuel J. C. Moore and Ellen Moore while he served as an officer in the 2nd Virginia Infantry Regiment with Stonewall Jackson and, later, as adjutant to Jubal Early. Samuel wrote very detailed letters that include observations on military life; detailed descriptions of battles, including First Manassas, Cedar Mountain, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville; comments on the leadership abilities and personalities of Jackson and Early; and a description of Samuel's own capture at Cedar Creek and escape to Richmond. Ellen's equally detailed letters tell of conditions in Berryville and activities of family members and neighbors. There are also a few muster rolls for the 2nd Regiment Virginia Volunteers and several speeches and reminiscences relating to the Civil War era that were written by Samuel, his son Samuel Scolley Moore, and others in the 1880s and 1890s. There are also a few items from the 1840s and 1850s, including Samuel J. C. Moore's 1847 law license.
Creator Moore, Samuel J. C.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Samuel J. C. Moore Papers #4618, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alternate Form of Material
Microfilm copy (filmed 2007) available.
  • Reel 1: Folders 1-12
  • Reel 2: Folders 13-23
  • Reel 3: Folders 24-26
Acquisitions Information
Gift of and purchase from Charles V. Peery of Charleston, S.C., in June 1992 (Acc. 92078).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Samuel J. C. Moore, lawyer and planter of Berryville, Clarke County, Va., was an officer with the 2nd Virginia Infantry Regiment (2nd Regiment Virginia Volunteers) and adjutant to Jubal Early during the Civil War. His wife Ellen Moore remained in Berryville during the conflict. Their son Samuel Scolley Moore attended the University of Virginia.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection consists chiefly of correspondence, 1861-1865, of lawyer and planter Samuel J. C. Moore and Ellen Moore while he served as an officer in the 2nd Virginia Infantry Regiment with Stonewall Jackson and, later, as adjutant to Jubal Early during the Civil War. Samuel wrote very detailed letters that include observations on military life; detailed descriptions of battles, including First Manassas, Cedar Mountain, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville; comments on the leadership abilities and personalities of Jackson and Early; and a description of Samuel's own capture at Cedar Creek and escape to Richmond, Va. Ellen's equally detailed letters tell of homefront conditions in Berryville, Va., and activities of family members and neighbors. There are also a few muster rolls for the 2nd Regiment Virginia Volunteers and several speeches and reminiscences relating to the Civil War era that were written by Samuel, his son Samuel Scolley Moore, and others in the 1880s and 1890s. There are also a few items from the 1840s and 1850s, including Samuel J. C. Moore's 1847 law license.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939.

About 500 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Chiefly correspondence, 1861-1865, of Samuel J. C. Moore and his wife Ellen Moore while he served as an officer in the 2nd Virginia Infantry Regiment with Stonewall Jackson and, later, as adjutant to Jubal Early. Also scattered throughout are letters from Samuel to his son Samuel Scolley Moore and to and from other Moore relatives and friends.

The earliest materials are Samuel's 1847 license to practice law in Virginia; an 1858 letter relating to a legal case; Ellen's 1859 letter to Samuel, who was on a trip south; and Samuel's 1860 commission in the Virginia militia.

In the very detailed letters between Samuel and Ellen, Ellen told her husband about family and neighborhood activities and sought his opinions and instructions relating to family and farm management. Samuel wrote of military life and the conduct of the war, specific battles, and his longing for home. He also tried to answer Ellen's questions, commented on her news, and advised her as best he could on how to conduct their affairs in his absence.

Correspondence between Samuel and Ellen in 1861 documents his travels between Harper's Ferry, Va., and the Maryland hills with the 2nd Regiment Virginia Volunteers and her management of family and farm in Berryville. On 3 July, Samuel wrote, "... we expect to have the first great battle of the war." Letters of 22 July and 25 August contain detailed descriptions of the Manassas battle. On 31 July, Samuel wrote of the wounding of Stonewall Jackson, and, on 9 October, of the troops in disarray. Also included are a few copies of official orders from and to Samuel, including one dated 23 October wherein he ordered the rounding up of deserters, and several muster rolls for the 2nd Regiment Virginia Volunteers.

In January 1862, Samuel and his troop moved to Romney, Va., but they were back near Winchester, Va., by March. Many of Samuel's 1862 letters discuss Stonewall Jackson, the man and commander. His letter of 26 March describes the first Battle of Kernstown, which opened Jackson's Shenandoah Valley campaign. On 21 July, there is Samuel's holograph transcription of Colonel James W. Allen's report to Jackson on the Battle of First Manassas. A letter dated 12 August tells of the Battle of Cedar Mountain, and one of 15 December describes the aftermath of the Battle of Fredericksburg.

On 25 January 1863, Samuel wrote of the defenses at Fort Royal, Va. On 23 March, he sent a copy of general order No. 46 instructing the soldiers to join in prayer, to his son Samuel Scolley Moore, then a student at the University of Virginia, where Ellen appears to have visited him in July. Letters of 4, 6, and 8 May describe the Battle of Chancellorsville. On 15 July, Samuel commented, "Genl. Lee seems to have forgotten his usual caution, and hurried his army [at Gettysburg] against a position which it was impossible to carry." On 6 August, he described a dancing party for officers at Montpelier, and, on 14 September, offered an assessment of General William Jones, the new commander of Samuel's brigade.

On 11 February 1864, Samuel wrote of the skirmish at Morton's Ford on the Rapidan. On 6 March, he described sifting through bones at Chancellorsville, and, on 17 March, wrote of a military execution that was to take place the next day. Letters of October through December discuss Jubal Early and the work Samuel performed for him.

In a letter dated 16 February 1865, Samuel described a visit to the Lunatic Asylum at Staunton, Va., with generals Early and Fitzhugh Lee. Letters in March tell of Sheridan and Custer's rout of Early's command at Waynesboro, Samuel's capture of Captain Bruton of Custer's staff, and Samuel's own capture and escape to Richmond. On 29 March, he wrote of his deplorable physical condition and pondered his future.

Undated Civil War letters and fragments are chiefly from Ellen to Samuel.

Postwar letters include one dated 20 July 1869 in which an unknown person protested to General Hunter: "Yesterday your underling Capt. Martindale of the first New York ... Cavalry executed your order and burned my house." There are also several letters from the 1880s and 1890s to and from Samuel, who apparently was collecting and sharing information about particular Civil War incidents. During this time, his letterhead read "Law Offices of Moore & Kownslar, Berryville, Va." The 1937 and 1939 items are a partially completed application of Frances Bryan Moore, Samuel and Ellen's granddaughter, for membership in the United Daughters of the Confederacy and a yearbook for its Parkersburg Chapter.

Folder 1

1847-1860 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 1

Folder 2

January-June 1861 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 2

Oversize Paper OP-4618/4

Muster roll, 17 May 1861 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." OP-4618/4

Oversize Paper OP-4618/1

Muster roll, 30 June 1861 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." OP-4618/1

Folder 3

July-August 1861 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 3

Oversize Paper OP-4618/2

Muster roll, 2 August 1861 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." OP-4618/2

Oversize Paper OP-4618/5-6

OP-4618/5

OP-4618/6

Muster rolls, 31 August 1861 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." OP-4618/5-6

Oversize Paper OP-4618/7

Muster roll, September 1861 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." OP-4618/7

Folder 4

September-October 1861 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 4

Folder 5

November-December 1861 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 5

Oversize Paper OP-4618/3

Muster roll, undated 1861 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." OP-4618/3

Folder 6

January-May 1862 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 6

Folder 7

June-August 1862 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 7

Folder 8

September-December 1862 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 8

Folder 9

January-February 1863 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 9

Folder 10

March-May 1863 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 10

Folder 11

July-August 1863 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 11

Folder 12

September-December 1863 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 12

Folder 13

January-April 1864 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 13

Folder 14

May-December 1864 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 14

Folder 15

1865 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 15

Folder 16

Civil War undated #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 16

Folder 17

1867-1894 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 17

Oversize Paper OP-4618/8

"Address of General Early," from the Winchester Times Extra, 7 June 1889 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." OP-4618/8

Oversize Paper OP-4618/9

"In Defense of General Early," from the Clarke Courier, 17 October 1889 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." OP-4618/9

Folder 18

1896-1939 #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 18

Folder 19

Postwar undated and fragments #04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 19

#04618, Series: "1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1847-1939." Folder 19

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Writings, 1880s-1890s.

25 items.

Writings of Samuel J. C. Moore and others about the Civil War, including the Battle of Cedar Creek, and about Stonewall Jackson and Jubal Early. Also included is a typed copy of the memoir of Samuel Scolley Moore, with much material relating to his father Samuel J. C. Moore's activities during the Civil War.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1. Writings of Samuel J. C. Moore and Others About the Civil War, 1880s-1890s.

24 items.

Miscellaneous writings, chiefly by Samuel J. C. Moore, about particular incidents during the Civil War, including the Battle of Cedar Creek, and about Stonewall Jackson and Jubal Early.

Folder 20-23

Folder 20

Folder 21

Folder 22

Folder 23

Miscellaneous writings #04618, Subseries: "2.1. Writings of Samuel J. C. Moore and Others About the Civil War, 1880s-1890s." Folder 20-23

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.2. Samuel Scolley Moore Memoir, undated.

1 item.

Typed copy, 319 pp., of the memoir of Samuel Scolley Moore, including much material relating to his father Samuel J. C. Moore's activities during the Civil War. Note that the first page of the memoir is missing.

Folder 24-26

Folder 24

Folder 25

Folder 26

Memoir #04618, Subseries: "2.2. Samuel Scolley Moore Memoir, undated." Folder 24-26

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Processing Information

Processed by: Roslyn Holdzkom, November 1994

Encoded by: Nancy Kaiser, April 2005

Finding aid updated for digitization by Kathryn Michaelis, October 2010

Funding from the Watson-Brown Foundation, Inc., supported the encoding of this finding aid and microfilming of this collection.

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