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Collection Number: 00521

Collection Title: Moore and Gatling Law Firm Papers, 1788-1921 (bulk 1853-1888)

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities; this finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO; this collection was reprocessed with support from Elizabeth Moore Ruffin.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Collection Overview

Size 18 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 12,200 items)
Abstract The Moore and Gatling Law Firm of Raleigh, N.C., a law partnership between B.F. (Bartholomew Figures) Moore (1801-1878) and his son-in-law John Thomas Gatling (1840-1888), was established in 1871. Just prior to Moore's death in November 1878, Gatling went into practice with Henry A. Gilliam, with whom he partnered until roughly 1883, when he then joined with Spier Whitaker in a partnership that appears to have ended in 1886. The collection documents the Moore and Gatling Law Firm, as well as Moore's legal practice before the firm was established in 1871 and Gatling's later partnerships with Henry A. Gilliam and Spier Whitaker. The collection chiefly concerns legal and financial affairs, politics, and family life of the Reconstruction era, but also includes antebellum materials documenting these topics, as well as slavery and the Civil War. Legal materials consist of deeds, agreements, proceedings, statewide correspondence with clients; they chiefly document estate settlement, marriage, bankruptcy and financial losses for slave-owning families during the Reconstruction era, property transactions, labor agreements, and other routine legal matters. Financial materials include bills, receipts, and account books, and chiefly concern the Moore and Gatling law firm; personal finances; farm expenses; and labor, including slave labor and the buying and selling of enslaved people. There are also personal papers of Moore and Gatling that document political views before, during, and after the Civil War; business partnerships; farm operations, especially marketing of cotton crops; and family and social news. Of note are letters from Civil War soldiers and accounts of the battles of Manassas and Fort Fisher and of skirmishes on the Neuse River; Gatling's service as assistant quartermaster with the 52nd North Carolina Infantry Regiment and letters to him from friends in the 13th Mississippi Infantry Regiment; account books of North Carolina Confederate supply officers; typed transcriptions of letters, 1866, exchanged by Moore and North Carolina Governor W.W. Holden regarding an 1863 discussion they had with Governor Zebulon Baird Vance on their differing views of unionism; original letters and typescripts of correspondence between Moore and Kenneth Rayner that provide detailed descriptions of their roles and responsibilities in the surrender of Raleigh, N.C., to General Sherman in 1865, and an account of the surrender and its immediate aftermath; and documents relating to the Kirk-Holden War. Other topics include the lives of African Americans, as documented where enslaved and free people appear in legal and financial documents such as wills, labor agreements, and court materials, and in personal correspondence that discusses business dealings, crimes, and perceptions of work and religious habits; an 1855 dispute over teacher salaries in Hyde County, N.C.; railroads, especially regarding Gatling's role as receiver for the Midland North Carolina Railway Company and the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad Company; and to the planning and construction of the Atlantic Hotel in Morehead City, N.C., in the 1880s. The collection includes three photographs, circa 1875, of Moore family members.
Creator Moore and Gatling Law Firm (Raleigh, N.C.)
Language English
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Information For Users

Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Moore and Gatling Law Firm Papers, #521, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Bart Gatling of Raleigh, N.C., prior to 1940.
Received from Elizabeth Moore Ruffin of Raleigh, N.C., through a transfer from the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, Division of Archives and History, in June 1991.
Additional Descriptive Resources
A copy of the original finding aid for this collection is filed in folder 1a.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Historical Information

Moore and Gatling Law Firm of Raleigh, N.C., was a law partnership between B.F. (Bartholomew Figures) Moore (1801-1878) and his son-in-law John Thomas Gatling (1840-1888), established in 1871. Just prior to Moore's death in November 1878, Gatling went into practice with Henry A. Gilliam, with whom he partnered until roughly 1883, when he then joined with Spier Whitaker in a partnership that appears to have ended in 1886.

B.F. Moore, known as the "father of the bar in North Carolina," was born in Halifax County, N.C., the son of James Moore (1765-1851) and Sally Lowe. He graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1820 and began practicing law in 1823. Moore moved to Raleigh in 1848 and became attorney general of North Carolina, where he served until 1851. As the Civil War approached, Moore, a staunch anti-secessionist, made his views regarding secession widely known, publishing opinion pieces and letters in newspapers and other publications. At the war's end, Moore met with President Andrew Johnson to discuss Reconstruction. He believed Reconstruction was unconstitutional and instead lobbied for the state's right to repeal its secession ordinance through its existing conventions and once again restore its relationship with the federal government. After the war, Moore practiced law mainly in the federal courts.

In 1828, Moore married Louisa Boddie (d. 1829), daughter of George Boddie and Lucy Williams, but was widowed the following year. Six years later, he married Louisa's sister, Lucy Williams Boddie (1816-1887), and with her had eleven children: Mary Louisa (1836-1843); Bartholomew Figures Jr. (1838-1890); Lucy Catherine (1839-1908); George Boddie (1841-1895); Sarah Louisa (1844-1891); Annie Maria (1845-1915); James (1848-1849); Ellen Douglas (1850-1923); Ben Malton (1853-1913); Van Boddie (1855-1917); and James (1858-1938).

John Thomas Gatling was born in 1840 in Sunbury, Gates County, N.C. He graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1859. Gatling enlisted in the Confederate army at age 22 and served as assistant quartermaster in the 52nd North Carolina Infantry Regiment. In 1869, he married Sarah Louisa "Sallie" Moore, the daughter of B.F. Moore.

In addition to his legal practice, Gatling was a farmer and maintained partnerships with several men who cultivated his land, including Lafayette W. Bynum, Ned ("Ed") Gatling, Elbert Gatling, George Gatling, Percy Hunter, Robert W. Seawell, James H. "Jimmie" Seawell, and Wade Seawell. He also served as receiver for both the Midland North Carolina Railway Company and the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad Company and was involved in the construction of the Atlantic Hotel in Morehead City, N.C. He was elected Representative to the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina in 1868.

John Thomas Gatling died in 1888.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection documents the Moore and Gatling Law Firm of B.F. (Bartholomew Figures) Moore (1801-1878) and John Thomas Gatling (1840-1888) in Raleigh, N.C., as well as Moore's legal practice before the firm was established in 1871, and Gatling's later partnerships with Henry A. Gilliam, beginning in 1878 and continuing until roughly 1883, and with Spier Whitaker, beginning in 1883 and continuing until roughly 1886.

The collection chiefly concerns legal and financial affairs, politics, and family life of the Reconstruction era, but also includes antebellum materials documenting these topics, as well as slavery and the Civil War. The legal materials consist of deeds, agreements, proceedings, statewide correspondence with clients, and chiefly document estate settlement, marriage, bankruptcy, property transactions, labor agreements, and other routine legal matters. Financial materials include bills, receipts, and account books, and chiefly concern the Moore and Gatling law firm; personal finances; farm expenses; and labor, including slave labor and the buying and selling of enslaved people.

There are also personal papers of Moore and Gatling that document political views before, during, and after the Civil War; personal finances, such as banking, tuition, insurance, general goods, business partnerships, and farm operations, especially marketing of cotton crops; and family and social news. Of note are Civil War and Reconstruction materials include letters describing the transition from civilian to soldier life in the 13th Mississippi Infantry Regiment camp; accounts of the battles of Manassass and Fort Fisher and of skirmishes along the Neuse River; account books of North Carolina Confederate supply officers; transcriptions of letters, 1866, exchanged by Moore and North Carolina Governor W.W. Holden regarding an 1863 discussion they had with Governor Zebulon Baird Vance on their differing views of unionism; original letters and transcriptions of correspondence between Moore and Kenneth Rayner that provide detailed descriptions of their roles and responsibilities in the surrender of Raleigh, N.C., to General Sherman in 1865, and an account of the surrender and its immediate aftermath; and documents relating to the Kirk-Holden War.

Other topics include the lives of African Americans, as documented where enslaved and free people appear in legal and financial materials such as wills, deeds of sale, marriage settlements, labor agreements, court cases, and account books, and in personal correspondence that discusses business dealings, crimes, and perceptions of work and religious habits; an 1855 dispute over teacher salaries in Hyde County, N.C.; railroads, especially the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad, Danville Railroad, Wilmington and Weldon Railroad, Midland North Carolina Railway, and Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad, the latter two of which Gatling served as receiver; and to the planning and construction of the Atlantic Hotel in Morehead City, N.C., 1880s.

North Carolina counties represented include Beaufort, Bertie, Carteret, Gates, Halifax, Hyde, Martin, Nash, Wake, and Warren, and material is from Courts of Equity, Courts of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Supreme Courts of Law, Superior Courts of Law, and Criminal Courts. Legal documents are comprised of both handwritten copies and originals, and many have been recorded in the Registrar's Offices of their respective counties.

Correspondents in the collection include Zebulon Baird Vance, W.W. Holden, Kemp P. Battle, John Manning, Marcus Wright, W.S. Saunders, Sam Johnston, Peter Hairston, F.M. Simmons, John Steele Henderson, E.W. Pou, Julian Shakespeare Carr, Thomas J. Jarvis, Clement Dowd, F.S. Phillips, David Miller Carter, Paul Carrington Cameron, Thomas Ruffin, Walter Clark, B.S. Hedrick, Edward Conigland, Ovide Dupre, Thomas Bragg, F.M. Simmons, and George W. Mordecai. There is a considerable amount of family correspondence, including letters to John Gatling while he attended college at the University of North Carolina; letters from his wife, Sallie Gatling; and letters to B.F. Moore from sons Ben Moore, while he attended school at Trinity College (now Duke University), and George Moore, while he convalesced at an alcohol treatment facility in New York.

The collection includes three photographs, circa 1875, of Moore family members.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence and other legal papers, 1788-1921.

About 9,700 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.1. 1788-1860.

About 450 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Chiefly legal documents, including land deeds; indentures; wills from both small and large plantations; writs, some of arrest; summonses; deeds of trust; bonds; vouchers; orders to pay; promissory notes; deeds of sale; complaints; bills of exchange; orders of sale; adversary proceedings; estate records; court minutes; payment receipts; transcripts of court proceedings; notes about various legal subjects; marriage settlements; proofs of debt; legal briefs; insurance policies; probate records; pleadings; rental agreements; and letters regarding various legal matters. The legal materials chiefly concern estate, marriage, and property transactions and other routine legal matters, but other topics include an 1855 dispute over teacher salaries in Hyde County, N.C. (see also Series 3. Bills and Receipts); canal construction; railroads; and the lives of African Americans, as documented where enslaved and free people appear in wills, deeds of sale, indentures, labor agreements, and marriage settlements, and in materials relating to a Halifax County, N.C., runaway slave case and in personal correspondence that discusses business dealings, a church service, and a Gates County, N.C., rape case.

North Carolina counties represented include Beaufort, Bertie, Carteret, Gates, Halifax, Hyde, Martin, Nash, Wake, and Warren. Legal documents are both originals and handwritten copies, and many have been recorded in the Registrar's Offices of their respective counties. Legal documents reference the Courts of Equity, Courts of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Supreme Courts of Law, Superior Courts of Law, and Criminal Courts.

Also included are personal letters to John Gatling while he is in college at the University of North Carolina and shortly after, regarding possible teaching positions, social and family news, morals and Christianity, women and relationships, and Gatling's desire to go to New Orleans or Mississippi. The letters are chiefly from his brother, J. R. Gatling, and his friend, Henry A. Skinner, but other family members and friends are also represented.

Folder 1a

Original finding aid #00521, Subseries: "1.1. 1788-1860." Folder 1a

Folder 1

1788-1829 #00521, Subseries: "1.1. 1788-1860." Folder 1

Folder 2

1830-1839 #00521, Subseries: "1.1. 1788-1860." Folder 2

Includes Halifax County Supreme Court of Law case, 1836, regarding Alfred W. Moore's complaint that Clinton Beckwith knowingly "harbored and maintained" a runaway slave belonging to Moore. Also includes a record of Robert A. Jones' purchase of one thousand acres of land formerly occupied by the Tuskarosa tribe.

Folder 3

1840-1848 #00521, Subseries: "1.1. 1788-1860." Folder 3

Folder 4

1850-1852 #00521, Subseries: "1.1. 1788-1860." Folder 4

Folder 5-6

Folder 5

Folder 6

1853 #00521, Subseries: "1.1. 1788-1860." Folder 5-6

Includes an agreement between "persons of color" and Joseph Powell that details an arrangement made for land cultivation.

Folder 7-8

Folder 7

Folder 8

1854 #00521, Subseries: "1.1. 1788-1860." Folder 7-8

Folder 9

1855 #00521, Subseries: "1.1. 1788-1860." Folder 9

Includes a contract related to canal construction; student and teacher records related to the teacher salary dispute between Hyde County, N.C., and the North Carolina School Committee; and a letter from a secret society, possibly the Freemasons, that describes a package of Degree Books sent to the letter recipient and outlines a pledge.

Folder 10

1856 #00521, Subseries: "1.1. 1788-1860." Folder 10

Includes an indenture with a slave list.

Folder 11

1857 #00521, Subseries: "1.1. 1788-1860." Folder 11

Folder 12

1858 #00521, Subseries: "1.1. 1788-1860." Folder 12

Includes a letter that comments on the morals of both the University of North Carolina and the University of Virginia, and mentions the results of a rape case in Gates County, N.C., in which an African American man was condemned to death by hanging.

Folder 13

1859 #00521, Subseries: "1.1. 1788-1860." Folder 13

Includes an engineer's report for the Albermarle and Chesapeake Canal Company, discussing an examination of waterways and a possible canal channel. Two letters to John Gatling are also of note: one in which his brother J.R. Gatling discussed hiring an overseer for his slaves, selling slaves to cover his debt, and transporting slaves over state lines before estates are settled; and the second in which Henry A. Skinner, a minister, described a church service he led in Hertford, N.C., for "an interesting and interested large congregation of negroes."

Folder 14

1850s (undated) #00521, Subseries: "1.1. 1788-1860." Folder 14

Includes a list of slaves and their children with the mention of one slave sale; a legal opinion regarding the division of slaves and land to descendents; and a dressmaker's ledger, 1846-1855.

Folder 15

1860 #00521, Subseries: "1.1. 1788-1860." Folder 15

Includes a letter to John Gatling from J.R. Gatling in Mississippi that recounts the murder of a farmhand by other farmhands.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.2. 1861-1867.

About 250 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Chiefly legal documents, including land deeds; writs, some of arrest; summonses; marriage contracts; wills; promissory notes; proofs of debt; powers of attorney; estate settlements; abstracts of wills; court minutes and findings; deeds related to guardianship; bonds; ex parte proceedings; deeds of trust; complaints; pleas; case notes; bills of sale; depositions; contracts; and correspondence regarding routine legal matters, the sale of a library, bankruptcy, and politics. The legal materials chiefly concern estate, marriage, bankruptcy, and property transactions and other routine legal matters, but other topics include railroads; the lives of African Americans as documented in wills, materials relating to the Gorgas Mining and Manufacturing Company, and in personal correspondence about education; real estate, especially the Battle, Heck, & Company; and spousal abuse.

There are some personal papers that relate to the Civil War, including a few letters to John Gatling from soldiers with the 13th Mississippi Infantry Regiment camp and accounts of the battles of Manassas and Fort Fisher; a letter from J.K. Marshall, Colonel of the 52nd North Carolina Troops to Brigadier General Cligman detailing his orders and providing a detailed summary of his involvement in the skirmishes along the Neuse River; correspondence between B.F. Moore and Governor W.W. Holden, regarding a conversation the two of them had with Governor Vance in 1863 about their differing views on unionism; and original letters and transcriptions of correspondence between B.F. Moore and Kenneth Rayner, providing detailed descriptions of their roles and responsibilities in the surrender of Raleigh, N.C., to General Sherman in 1865, as well as an account of the surrender and its immediate aftermath.

Other personal papers include several letters written to George W. Mordecai, regarding subjects such as the sale of wine to pay debts, the consolidation of the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad Company with the Chicago and North Western Railway Company, the Bank of Cape Fear, social news and legal requests from his niece Ellen Shutt, and a plague in Wrightsville, N.C.

Folder 16

1861 #00521, Subseries: "1.2. 1861-1867." Folder 16

Includes personal letters to Gatling from friends in the 13th Mississippi Infantry Regiment camp regarding the transition from civilian to soldier life and an account of the battle of Manassas, near Manassas Junction, Va.

Folder 17

1862 #00521, Subseries: "1.2. 1861-1867." Folder 17

Includes the will of Hugh Johnston Davis, who gave all his slaves to his brother Peter, except for a man named Daniel, who, for his loyalty, was given a silver watch and was permitted to choose his master or mistress and continue to do so if he or she passed away. Also includes documents to certify the destruction of cotton for the purpose of war; a letter from J.K. Marshall, colonel of the 52nd North Carolina Troops to Brigadier General Cligman detailing his orders and providing a detailed summary of his involvement in the skirmishes along the Neuse River, and a letter with John Gatling's appointment as assistant quartermaster, 52nd North Carolina Infantry Regiment.

Folder 18

1863 #00521, Subseries: "1.2. 1861-1867." Folder 18

Folder 19

1864-1865 #00521, Subseries: "1.2. 1861-1867." Folder 19

Includes part of a letter from a soldier near Petersburg, Va., to his wife; Gorgas Mining and Manufacturing Company documents showing the hire of African American men and the pay they received; an account of the management of a property during and after Sherman's raid in Raleigh; an account of the Battle of Fort Fisher; and correspondence of B.F. Moore regarding Sherman's raid, the state of the war, and land survey information.

Folder 20

1866 #00521, Subseries: "1.2. 1861-1867." Folder 20

Includes a letter from Thomas Atkinson regarding John Gatling's request for a teacher to instruct African Americans; a woman's complaint that her husband violently assaulted her with a weapon and continues to threaten her life, as well as a writ for her husband's arrest; a pamphlet from General Lane's School for Boys in Concord, N.C.; and correspondence between B.F. Moore and Governor W.W. Holden, regarding a conversation the two of them had with Governor Vance in 1863 about their differing views on unionism.

Folder 21-23

Folder 21

Folder 22

Folder 23

1867 #00521, Subseries: "1.2. 1861-1867." Folder 21-23

Contains original letters and transcriptions of correspondence between B.F. Moore and Kenneth Rayner, providing detailed descriptions of their roles and responsibilities in the surrender of Raleigh, N.C., to General Sherman in 1865, as well as an account of the surrender and its immediate aftermath; and a newspaper clipping on unionism written by B.F. Moore.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.3. 1868-1921.

About 9000 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Legal documents include deeds; bills of sale; leases; land surveys; liens; mortgages; judgments; property sales; powers of attorney; petitions and adjudications of bankruptcy; summonses for relief; wills; matters of guardianship; writs; private examinations of married women; case summaries; dockets; executions against property; ex parte proceedings; agreements; promissory notes; petitions for partition; bills of cost; contracts; court opinions, briefs, minutes, proceedings, appeals, and transcripts; complaints; affidavits; depositions; insurance company policies; creditors' petitions; subpoenas; commissioners' reports; and warrants. Legal materials chiefly concern court cases relating to land matters, bonds, loans, financial transactions, and contracts, but other topics include materials that document the Kirk-Holden War, a series of conflicts, including the arrest of Josiah Turner Jr., that eventually that led to North Carolina Governor W.W. Holden's impeachment; financial losses for slaveowning families during the Reconstruction era; the planning and construction of the Atlantic Hotel in Morehead City, N.C. (see also Series 3); prohibition; the Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal Company; and railroads, especially the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad, Danville Railroad, Wilmington and Weldon Railroad, Midland North Carolina Railway, and Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad, the latter two of which Gatling served as receiver. The majority of the legal documents are directly related to residents of North Carolina, though Moore, Gatling, and Gilliam also had legal dealings in Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennessee, Illinois, New Hampshire, Virginia, Alabama, Maryland, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania.

Also included are personal papers of both Moore and Gatling; most are letters to Gatling from his wife Sallie Gatling, and siblings, particularly his brothers Ned ("Ed") Gatling and George Gatling, his brother-in-law Lafayette W. Bynum from Sunbury, N.C., and Elbert Gatling, and discuss social and family news; the Homestead Act; North Carolina and national politics; farm and plantation management, including the payment of both white and African American farmhands; agriculture; and the marketing and selling of crops, especially cotton. Other letters that provide insight into Gatling's relationship with his farm managers are from his cousins, Robert W. Seawell, James H. "Jimmie" Seawell, and Wade Seawell. Other personal papers of Gatling include letters from various merchants, chiefly the Elliott Brothers and Jos. W. Jenkins & Co., both of Baltimore, Md., and regard hay, guano, fertilizer, and cotton; copies of letters from Gatling to various merchants; inquiries directed to Gatling regarding teaching positions and opportunities for work in law firms, including his own; treasurer's notices from Christ Church; and personal receipts and letters related to farm use, Cowper family monuments, Gatling's hire of a nanny, his nephew's expenses while attending the University of North Carolina, and dental visits. Notable correspondents of Gatling include W.W. Holden, 1877-1882; Zebulon Baird Vance, 1878-1883; Kemp Battle, 1879-1887; John Steele Henderson, 1881-1883; and Clement Dowd, E.W. Pou, Julian Shakespeare Carr, John Manning, and F.M. Simmons, all in 1883 and 1884.

Personal letters to B.F. Moore include letters from sons Ben Moore, while he attended school at Trinity College (now Duke University), and George Moore, while he convalesced at an alcohol treatment facility in New York. There also are letters to George Mordecai regarding railroad stock and letters from his niece Ellen Shutt regarding social and financial matters and letters to Henry Gilliam from his son at the University of North Carolina. Letters to various recipients express interest in and opinions about African American religious and work habits, social customs, and political concerns.

Folder 24-25

Folder 24

Folder 25

1868 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 24-25

Includes Kirk-Holden War materials

Folder 26-28

Folder 26

Folder 27

Folder 28

1869 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 26-28

Includes Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal Company materials.

Folder 29

1860s: undated #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 29

Includes legal briefs and other documents pertaining to Confederate bonds and post war bankruptcies and debts of estate of land and slaves. One brief documents a slave-owning family's decisions over the course of three generations to sell slaves further south as a consequence for crimes [the slaves] committed and the family's discussions about emancipation.

Folder 30-32

Folder 30

Folder 31

Folder 32

1870 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 30-32

Includes a letter in which the writer discussed the religious and work habits of his African American hired hands; documents regarding the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad Company and the North Carolina Rail Road Company; and a complaint stating that Josiah Turner Jr. was falsely imprisoned during the Kirk-Holden War.

Folder 33-44

Folder 33

Folder 34

Folder 35

Folder 36

Folder 37

Folder 38

Folder 39

Folder 40

Folder 41

Folder 42

Folder 43

Folder 44

1871 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 33-44

Includes a statement by Governor W.W. Holden on the imprisonment of Josiah Turner Jr. and related materials; a letter (January) from Ben Moore, in which he described his disapproval of a Christmas party attended by both African Americans and whites; letters to Mrs. Mordecai, some in regard to the guardianship of Ellen Shutt and one that states there is a note against her husband for "whipping slaves and pursuing stolen property"; a letter (August) to Gatling that recalls the murder of an African American man in Texas; and letters from and about George Moore at the New York State Inebriate Asylum, an alcoholism treatment facility.

Folder 45-56

Folder 45

Folder 46

Folder 47

Folder 48

Folder 49

Folder 50

Folder 51

Folder 52

Folder 53

Folder 54

Folder 55

Folder 56

1872 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 45-56

Includes materials relating to Josiah Turner Jr. case (March); an assessment of Christ Church; a mortgage deed from Hannah Yarborough, conveying to B.F. Moore all her rights, titles, and interest in the Yarborough House Hotel and lot on Fayetteville Street.

Folder 57-69

Folder 57

Folder 58

Folder 59

Folder 60

Folder 61

Folder 62

Folder 63

Folder 64

Folder 65

Folder 66

Folder 67

Folder 68

Folder 69

1873 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 57-69

Includes a document regarding Reverend J.V. McNamara's desire to maintain guardianship over children whose parents were alleged "drunkards and blasphemers"; a letter fragment discussing Republican politics and the registration of voters in relation to the Greeley and Brown ticket; and a letter (August) to John Gatling regarding interest the author owns on certain slaves, the previous use of slaves as payment, and inquiring when slaves ceased to be property.

Folder 70-84

Folder 70

Folder 71

Folder 72

Folder 73

Folder 74

Folder 75

Folder 76

Folder 77

Folder 78

Folder 79

Folder 80

Folder 81

Folder 82

Folder 83

Folder 84

1874 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 70-84

Includes a letter (August) from William H. Allen, the Democratic Party candidate for County Register, regarding the rights and election result implications of "cut-off" voters in Franklinton, N.C., and the will (December) of Catherine A. Edmonston, in which she gave Owen and Dolly Richardson, an African American couple, one acre of land and a house, as well as 200 pounds of pork and two barrels of corn jointly, and ten dollars each to be given to them every year.

Folder 85-96

Folder 85

Folder 86

Folder 87

Folder 88

Folder 89

Folder 90

Folder 91

Folder 92

Folder 93

Folder 94

Folder 95

Folder 96

1875 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 85-96

Includes letters discussing Republican Party politics, the significance of the African American vote in up-coming elections, opposition to the Radical party politics, and the North Carolina constitutional convention. Also of note is a letter from Thomas N. Hill addressing the death of Governor William Alexander Graham and racial tensions surrounding Reconstruction politics; a letter from E.W. Ferguson regarding an African American man who sought and received an African American jury and magistrate; and a letter from James Farmessy of Framingham, [Mass.?], declining to purchase bank stock, despite Raleigh's reputation as a "'smarter' place than many other Southern Cities." There are also materials pertaining to B.F. Moore's involvement in the Bank of North Carolina bankruptcy case; a letter from Ben Moore to John Gatling concerning their partnership in a dairy farm; letters from George Gatling concerning his move to Texas; and various social correspondence discussing an influenza outbreak and subsequent deaths.

Folder 97-108

Folder 97

Folder 98

Folder 99

Folder 100

Folder 101

Folder 102

Folder 103

Folder 104

Folder 105

Folder 106

Folder 107

Folder 108

1876 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 97-108

Includes an argument (January) for the defendant in James Manly v. Wilmington and Weldon Railroad Company , in which a train accidentally ran over an African American girl sleeping on the tracks, and the deposition (May) of W.B. Burgess regarding how much influence his brothers-in-law had over their late father's will, in which he left his youngest daughter only five dollars because she married against his wishes.

Folder 109-119

Folder 109

Folder 110

Folder 111

Folder 112

Folder 113

Folder 114

Folder 115

Folder 116

Folder 117

Folder 118

Folder 119

1877 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 109-119

Includes a letter (April) asking John Gatling to fund a prohibition campaign, and lawyers notes and legal briefs related to the railway accident and subsequent death of Edward Conigland.

Folder 120-130

Folder 120

Folder 121

Folder 122

Folder 123

Folder 124

Folder 125

Folder 126

Folder 127

Folder 128

Folder 129

Folder 130

1878 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 120-130

Includes a letter to John Gatling regarding the previous business dealings of Oliver H. Odom, some of which included trading slaves for corn and fish; the Announcement of the University of North Carolina that lists faculty, course information, start dates, and expenses; and a letter (December) regarding a University of North Carolina scholarship funded by B.F. Moore.

Folder 131-143

Folder 131

Folder 132

Folder 133

Folder 134

Folder 135

Folder 136

Folder 137

Folder 138

Folder 139

Folder 140

Folder 141

Folder 142

Folder 143

1879 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 131-143

Includes a business agreement (January) between John Gatling and James "Jimmie" Seawell; a letter from W.W. Holden to Gatling asserting that the proceeding of the Turner-Holden case was a "burlesque of justice," and that the Ku Klux Klan controlled the state; letters (April) to Thomas "Jeff" Roberson (Robinson) regarding financial matters of The Observer (Raleigh, N.C.); a letter (November) to B.F. Moore from Kenneth Rayner regarding the surrender of Raleigh in 1865; and materials related to the planning and construction of the Atlantic Hotel in Morehead City, N.C.

Folder 144-146

Folder 144

Folder 145

Folder 146

1870s (undated) #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 144-146

Includes briefs related to estates, inheritances, and bankruptcies during Reconstruction; letters from other lawyers to John Gatling; court dockets; legal documents pertaining to cases against Jenkins and Co. involving cotton and land disputes; and letters to John Gatling concerning his agricultural enterprises.

Folder 144 includes a legal brief regarding Charles Dewey and the Trustees of the University of North Carolina concerning matters of bankruptcy and public land ownership and a complaint by a renter of Primrose House detailing its pillaging by Sherman's army and its use as a brothel following the war.

Folder 145 includes a legal agreement between John Gatling and George Gatling concerning the fair distribution of crops and rules for use of John Gatling's land, and a woman's testimony of the alleged rape of another young, unmarried woman.

Folder 146 includes divorce proceedings that detail a husband's accusation that his wife abused their children, rather than the young slave girl who previously had been sold away for this crime; petitions of farmers of Enfield, N.C., in opposition to the construction site for a warehouse owned by the Wilmington Railroad Company; and brief correspondence between Thomas Bragg and R. G. Seuis regarding business with B.F. Moore.

Folder 147-163

Folder 147

Folder 148

Folder 149

Folder 150

Folder 151

Folder 152

Folder 153

Folder 154

Folder 155

Folder 156

Folder 157

Folder 158

Folder 159

Folder 160

Folder 161

Folder 162

Folder 163

1880 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 147-163

Includes documents relating to the Raleigh News Company; a July letter to Henry Gilliam about the "petition for the pardon of a colored convict"; and documents relating to the Atlantic Hotel in Morehead City, N.C.

Folder 164-177

Folder 164

Folder 165

Folder 166

Folder 167

Folder 168

Folder 169

Folder 170

Folder 171

Folder 172

Folder 173

Folder 174

Folder 175

Folder 176

Folder 177

1881 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 164-177

Includes material related to Holt v. Roberts , in which five men described the promiscuous nature of May B. Holt and their physical relationships with her; letters regarding the construction of the Atlantic Hotel in Morehead City, N.C., including the possible housing and dining arrangements for African American workers, and letters from various employees of the company; and bonds, mortgages, and notes of the Midland North Carolina Railway Company.

Folder 178-187

Folder 178

Folder 179

Folder 180

Folder 181

Folder 182

Folder 183

Folder 184

Folder 185

Folder 186

Folder 187

1882 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 178-187

Includes contracts between Gatling and various builders and renovators of the Atlantic Hotel in Morehead City, N.C.; and an agreement forming the Midland Improvement and Construction Company.

Folder 188-205

Folder 188

Folder 189

Folder 190

Folder 191

Folder 192

Folder 193

Folder 194

Folder 195

Folder 196

Folder 197

Folder 198

Folder 199

Folder 200

Folder 201

Folder 202

Folder 203

Folder 204

Folder 205

1883 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 188-205

Includes a letter from a prison guard asking John Gatling to do all he can to secure pardon for an African American prisoner; Midland North Carolina Railway Company materials, including a payroll of officers, operators, and material men (OPF-521/1); and notes discussing the relationship between church and state and the proposal of prohibition.

Folder 206-211

Folder 206

Folder 207

Folder 208

Folder 209

Folder 210

Folder 211

1884 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 206-211

Folder 212-213

Folder 212

Folder 213

1885 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 212-213

Folder 214-217

Folder 214

Folder 215

Folder 216

Folder 217

1886 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 214-217

Folder 218-219

Folder 218

Folder 219

1887 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 218-219

Folder 220

1888-1889 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 220

Includes letters to Sallie Gatling from her children, siblings, and John Gatling's business associates, with condolences offered upon Gatling's illness and death, as well as other family and social news.

Folder 221-222

Folder 221

Folder 222

1880s: undated #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 221-222

Includes law firm correspondence; letters from various businessmen asking for loans of land and money from John Gatling; materials relating to the construction of the Atlantic Hotel in Morehead City, N.C., and construction of a railway from Raleigh, N.C., to Morehead City, N.C.; and indentures, briefs, and other legal documents relating to the Atlantic Railroad Company, North Carolina Railroad Company, and the Eastern North Carolina Railroad Company, and the Midland North Carolina Railroad Company.

Folder 223

1890-1897 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 223

Includes a copy of Sallie Gatling's will, letters to Sallie, documents related to B.F. Moore's estate, and some additional letters and legal documents related to Van Boddie Moore and Lucy Catherine Moore Henry Capehart.

Folder 224

1914, 1921 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 224

Includes a letter, 1921, concerning furnishings for the Atlantic Hotel in Morehead City, N.C.

Folder 225-231

Folder 225

Folder 226

Folder 227

Folder 228

Folder 229

Folder 230

Folder 231

Undated: Legal papers #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 225-231

Includes letters to John Gatling concerning professional and agricultural business affairs; legal briefs and notes related to estate inheritance, divorce proceedings, real estate, and railroad cases; genealogies for use in estate disputes; materials related to the Atlantic Hotel in Morehead City, N.C.; and sketches and notes of land plots.

Folder 225 includes a brief entitled "Rules of Circumstantial Evidence Regarding the Rape of a Female Slave under Ten Years of Age" and precedents for slavery, unlawful assembly, passing or attempting to pass a counterfeit note, conspiracy related to prevention of insurrections amongst slaves, and murder and rebellion.

Folder 226 includes legal notes addressing the issue of railroad development in North Carolina; a document recounting details of a conversation between an African American woman and a white man concerning upcoming elections and the prohibition platform; and advertisement cards for household appliances.

Folder 227 includes record of acreage for Haynard Plantation in Wake County; a list of traders in Wake County; Hill family genealogy; and a request for bail from an imprisoned man in exchange for votes for John Gatling and George Snow from himself and seven other men.

Folder 228 includes a farmer's declaration that his father's crops were unlawfully gathered by two agents of the deputy sheriff and advertised for sale.

Folder 229 includes a legal note describing the rules under which a married woman is allowed to mortgage her seperate estate to pay her son's debt; and a record of the acreage and quality of swamp land proposed for the Oaks Plantation.

Folder 232

Undated: Family and social correspondence #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 232

Includes correspondence with B.F. Moore, John Gatling, and others. Letters are primarily from Sallie Gatling to John Gatling concerning family affairs. Letters from Mary and George Gatling relate to social matters and their involvement in John Gatling's agricultural enterprise. Includes a note from B.F. Moore to John Gatling congratulating him on the birth of a son.

Folder 233

Newspaper clippings, circa 1881 #00521, Subseries: "1.3. 1868-1921." Folder 233

Subjects include railroads, North Carolina politics, agriculture, and financial matters.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Pictures, circa 1875, 1881.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Bills and receipts, 1840-1899.

About 2,500 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Bills and receipts that precede the establishment of the Moore and Gatling law firm in 1871 document work performed; purchase and sale of grocery goods, liquor, cotton, corn, tobacco, other crops, and agricultural tools; slave labor and the buying and selling of enslaved people; railroad freight and stock; Confederate bonds; horse and mule auctions; funerary expenses; life insurance; tuition; and the 1855 teacher salaries dispute in Hyde County, N.C. (see also Series 1.1). There are also wills, subpoenas, and land inheritance accounts and deeds, with some genealogical information to ascertain individuals' rights to land and a discussion of women's rights to inherit land.

Bills and receipts that follow the inception of Moore and Gatling relate to both the business of the law firm and to John Gatling's personal finances. Materials document document railroad shipments; the sale of cotton; insurance agency bills; banking; farm and handy work; the construction and furnishing of the Atlantic Hotel in Morehead, N.C.; coal, oil, and steam costs; "Cowper Monument" costs; tuition and living expenses at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill in 1880; law advertisements; court costs; earnings and payrolls; flour and grist mill expenses; 1880 real estate values in Wake County, N.C.; and B.F. Moore's estate.

Undated bills and receipts relate to railroad cases, court costs, guardianship papers, and hotel construction.

Folder 234

1840-1845 #00521, Series: "3. Bills and receipts, 1840-1899." Folder 234

Includes genealogical information with regard to land inheritance and a discussion of women's rights to inherit land.

Folder 235-237

Folder 235

Folder 236

Folder 237

1850-1859 #00521, Series: "3. Bills and receipts, 1840-1899." Folder 235-237

Includes bills and petitions relating to teachers' salary dispute in Hyde County, N.C. (see also Series 1.1.); and slave records, including an 1858 account of a slave house being sold, an 1859 document from a man to a slave owner asking that a hired female slave be kept in his county, and an 1859 financial account mentioning the sale of slaves and horses.

Folder 238-241

Folder 238

Folder 239

Folder 240

Folder 241

1860-1869 #00521, Series: "3. Bills and receipts, 1840-1899." Folder 238-241

Folder 242-263

Folder 242

Folder 243

Folder 244

Folder 245

Folder 246

Folder 247

Folder 248

Folder 249

Folder 250

Folder 251

Folder 252

Folder 253

Folder 254

Folder 255

Folder 256

Folder 257

Folder 258

Folder 259

Folder 260

Folder 261

Folder 262

Folder 263

1870-1879 #00521, Series: "3. Bills and receipts, 1840-1899." Folder 242-263

Folder 264

1870s: undated #00521, Series: "3. Bills and receipts, 1840-1899." Folder 264

Folder 265-284

Folder 265

Folder 266

Folder 267

Folder 268

Folder 269

Folder 270

Folder 271

Folder 272

Folder 273

Folder 274

Folder 275

Folder 276

Folder 277

Folder 278

Folder 279

Folder 280

Folder 281

Folder 282

Folder 283

Folder 284

1880-1889 #00521, Series: "3. Bills and receipts, 1840-1899." Folder 265-284

Includes 1880 tuition bill from the University of North Carolina and an 1880 population and real estate values chart for Wake County.

Folder 285

1880s: undated #00521, Series: "3. Bills and receipts, 1840-1899." Folder 285

Folder 286

1890-1899 #00521, Series: "3. Bills and receipts, 1840-1899." Folder 286

Includes B.F. Moore estate materials

Folder 287-292

Folder 287

Folder 288

Folder 289

Folder 290

Folder 291

Folder 292

Undated #00521, Series: "3. Bills and receipts, 1840-1899." Folder 287-292

Chiefly relating to railroad cases, court costs, guardianship papers, and hotel construction.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Volumes, 1827-1881.

16 items.

Volumes include account books for the Moore and Gatling law firm; a court docket that documents cases against slaves and white people who traded with enslaved people; account books related to B.F. Moore's estate and Moore family burial plots; a general store account book referencing dealings with the Catawba Indians of South Carolina and the hiring of African Americans in 1853; a cargo and shipping account book; records for the Morehead City Hotel; a plantation account book; and an undated digest of depositions taken for civil engineering cases involving the Western Railroad Company.

Folder 293

Volume 1: Financial records, 1827-1829; Account book, Moore and Gatling, 1874-1875 #00521, Series: "4. Volumes, 1827-1881." Folder 293

Folder 294-295

Folder 294

Folder 295

Volume 2: Court docket, 1844-1858 #00521, Series: "4. Volumes, 1827-1881." Folder 294-295

Documents cases against slaves for crimes such as "gambling with a white person,"  "trading on a forged order," and theft; cases against white people who traded with slaves are also documented.

Folder 296-297

Folder 296

Folder 297

Volume 3: Account book, 1856-1868 #00521, Series: "4. Volumes, 1827-1881." Folder 296-297

John N. Dunlop's account book for general goods store, as well as accounts for labor he performed for other people; includes "Indian Orders," probably for members of the Catawba Indian tribe; a letter addressed to the State of South Carolina concerning the relationship between the Catawba and forefathers of the Revolutionary War; and store records showing the hire of African Americans in 1853. Enclosures include correspondence, bills, and receipts; an unsigned letter concerning the Catawba Indians; and an undated letter referencing African American and possibly slave labor.

Folder 298

Volume 4: Account book, 1859-1864, 1871-1878 #00521, Series: "4. Volumes, 1827-1881." Folder 298

Cargo and shipping accounts for various schooners and brigs, 1859-1861, including a list of cargo commissions for Arroyo, Puerto Rico; account of W.W. Pierce with the North Carolina Quartermaster Department, 1861, and with the state of North Carolina, in connection with ordnance, paymaster, and other services, 1863-1864; and H.A. Depkins estate materials, 1871-1878.

Folder 299-300

Folder 299

Folder 300

Volume 5: Account book, 1868-1874 #00521, Series: "4. Volumes, 1827-1881." Folder 299-300

C.W. Williams's accounts for operations at Hutchins Farm, Wake County, N.C.; includes list of crop values, lands sold, and services performed.

Folder 301

Volume 6: Account book, Moore and Gatling, 1870-1878 #00521, Series: "4. Volumes, 1827-1881." Folder 301

Includes records of funds issued to heirs of the B.F. Moore estate in 1878.

Folder 302

Volume 7: Account book, 1871-1877 #00521, Series: "4. Volumes, 1827-1881." Folder 302

Includes legal deeds and commissions; deed for the land of B.F. Moore; forms of deed and details of burial plots for B.F. Moore and his heirs in Raleigh Cemetery; summary of court proceedings in Wake County, N.C.; and index of court decisions of the Supreme Court.

Folder 303

Volume 8: Tax lists, Wake County, N.C., 1871-1873 #00521, Series: "4. Volumes, 1827-1881." Folder 303

Average of Wake County, N.C., taxes divided by township and names of individual taxpayers; includes list of unpaid taxes.

Folder 304

Volume 9: Account book, 1871-1872 #00521, Series: "4. Volumes, 1827-1881." Folder 304

Grocer's account book for John Gatling.

Folder 305

Volume 10: Account book, rents, 1872 #00521, Series: "4. Volumes, 1827-1881." Folder 305

Folder 306

Volume 11: Account book, John T. Gatling, 1878-1879 #00521, Series: "4. Volumes, 1827-1881." Folder 306

H.A. Depkin estate

Folder 307

Volume 12: Stock certificates and records, Morehead City Hotel Company, 1880-1881 #00521, Series: "4. Volumes, 1827-1881." Folder 307

Folder 308

Volume 13: Legal Book and Daily, John T. Gatling, 1881 #00521, Series: "4. Volumes, 1827-1881." Folder 308

Contains record of legal cases, as well as lists of daily activities.

Folder 309

Volume 14: Morehead City Hotel, undated #00521, Series: "4. Volumes, 1827-1881." Folder 309

Construction costs, probably for the Atlantic Hotel.

Folder 310

Volume 15: Lawyer's diary, circa 1865 #00521, Series: "4. Volumes, 1827-1881." Folder 310

Blank but contains United States lawyer's directory by state for 1865.

Folder 311

Volume 16: Digest of Depositions, H.H. Roberts, undated #00521, Series: "4. Volumes, 1827-1881." Folder 311

Relating to cases involving civil engineering and the Western Railroad Company

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Items Separated

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

Updated by: Kate Stratton and Jodi Berkowitz, July 2009; Kiley Orchard and Jessica Mlotkowski, January 2010

This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

This collection was reprocessed with support from Elizabeth Moore Ruffin.

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