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Collection Number: 02306

Collection Title: North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities; this finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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Size 25.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 20,000 items)
Abstract The North Carolina Geological Survey was established in 1891 to assess the natural resources of the state and suggest economic development. Joseph Austin Holmes (1859-1915), professor of geology and natural history at the University of North Carolina, was state geologist, 1891-1904. Joseph Hyde Pratt (1870-1942), professor of economic geology at the University of North Carolina, was state mineralogist, 1897-1906, and state geologist, 1906-1923. The collection includes the correspondence, reports, and related papers of the North Carolina Geological Survey regarding North Carolina mineral resources and mining development, forest conservation, drainage, fisheries, and roads. Included are the papers of the North Carolina Geological Survey; its successor, the North Carolina Geological and Economic Survey; and the state geologist and state mineralogist. The papers also reflect Holmes and Pratt in their roles as industrial consultants, faculty members at the University of North Carolina, and as participants in organizations, conferences, and movements in the field of conservation and the development of natural resources.
Creator North Carolina Geological Survey (1883-1905)
Language English
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Information For Users

Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, #2306, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Gift of Joseph Hyde Pratt prior to 1940.
Additional Descriptive Resources
A copy of the original finding aid for this collection is filed in folder 1a.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

The North Carolina Geological Survey, later known as the North Carolina Geological and Economic Survey, was established in 1891 to assess the natural resources of the state and suggest economic development. In 1924 the functions of the Survey were transferred to the North Carolina Department of Conservation and Development.

Joseph Austin Holmes (1859-1915), professor of geology and natural history at the University of North Carolina, was state geologist, 1891-1904. Joseph Hyde Pratt (1870-1942), professor of economic geology at the University of North Carolina, was state mineralogist, 1897-1906, and state geologist, 1906-1923.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection includes the correspondence, reports, and related papers of the North Carolina Geological Survey regarding North Carolina mineral resources and mining development, forest conservation, drainage, fisheries, and roads. Included are the papers, largely letters received and copies of letters sent, of the North Carolina Geological Survey; its successor, the North Carolina Geological and Economic Survey; and the state geologist and state mineralogist. The papers also reflect J. A. Holmes and Joseph Hyde Pratt in their roles as industrial consultants, faculty members at the University of North Carolina, and as participants in organizations, conferences, and movements in the field of conservation and the development of natural resources.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated.

Arrangement: chronological.

Folder 1a

Original finding aid #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 1a

Folder 1

1851-1889 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 1

Folder 2-3

Folder 2

Folder 3

1890-1891 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 2-3

Folder 4-6

Folder 4

Folder 5

Folder 6

1892 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 4-6

Folder 7-11

Folder 7

Folder 8

Folder 9

Folder 10

Folder 11

1893 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 7-11

Folder 12-21

Folder 12

Folder 13

Folder 14

Folder 15

Folder 16

Folder 17

Folder 18

Folder 19

Folder 20

Folder 21

1894 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 12-21

Folder 22-30

Folder 22

Folder 23

Folder 24

Folder 25

Folder 26

Folder 27

Folder 28

Folder 29

Folder 30

1895 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 22-30

Folder 31-37

Folder 31

Folder 32

Folder 33

Folder 34

Folder 35

Folder 36

Folder 37

1896 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 31-37

Folder 38-43

Folder 38

Folder 39

Folder 40

Folder 41

Folder 42

Folder 43

1897 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 38-43

Folder 44-52

Folder 44

Folder 45

Folder 46

Folder 47

Folder 48

Folder 49

Folder 50

Folder 51

Folder 52

1898 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 44-52

Folder 53-62

Folder 53

Folder 54

Folder 55

Folder 56

Folder 57

Folder 58

Folder 59

Folder 60

Folder 61

Folder 62

1899 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 53-62

Folder 63-74

Folder 63

Folder 64

Folder 65

Folder 66

Folder 67

Folder 68

Folder 69

Folder 70

Folder 71

Folder 72

Folder 73

Folder 74

1900 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 63-74

Folder 75-85

Folder 75

Folder 76

Folder 77

Folder 78

Folder 79

Folder 80

Folder 81

Folder 82

Folder 83

Folder 84

Folder 85

1901 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 75-85

Folder 86-99

Folder 86

Folder 87

Folder 88

Folder 89

Folder 90

Folder 91

Folder 92

Folder 93

Folder 94

Folder 95

Folder 96

Folder 97

Folder 98

Folder 99

1902 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 86-99

Folder 100-103

Folder 100

Folder 101

Folder 102

Folder 103

1903 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 100-103

Folder 104-106

Folder 104

Folder 105

Folder 106

1904 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 104-106

Folder 107-110

Folder 107

Folder 108

Folder 109

Folder 110

1905 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 107-110

Folder 111-119

Folder 111

Folder 112

Folder 113

Folder 114

Folder 115

Folder 116

Folder 117

Folder 118

Folder 119

1906 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 111-119

Folder 120-125

Folder 120

Folder 121

Folder 122

Folder 123

Folder 124

Folder 125

1907 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 120-125

Folder 126-136

Folder 126

Folder 127

Folder 128

Folder 129

Folder 130

Folder 131

Folder 132

Folder 133

Folder 134

Folder 135

Folder 136

1908 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 126-136

Folder 137-154

Folder 137

Folder 138

Folder 139

Folder 140

Folder 141

Folder 142

Folder 143

Folder 144

Folder 145

Folder 146

Folder 147

Folder 148

Folder 149

Folder 150

Folder 151

Folder 152

Folder 153

Folder 154

1909 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 137-154

Folder 155-200

Folder 155

Folder 156

Folder 157

Folder 158

Folder 159

Folder 160

Folder 161

Folder 162

Folder 163

Folder 164

Folder 165

Folder 166

Folder 167

Folder 168

Folder 169

Folder 170

Folder 171

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Folder 185

Folder 186

Folder 187

Folder 188

Folder 189

Folder 190

Folder 191

Folder 192

Folder 193

Folder 194

Folder 195

Folder 196

Folder 197

Folder 198

Folder 199

Folder 200

1910 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 155-200

Folder 201-262

Folder 201

Folder 202

Folder 203

Folder 204

Folder 205

Folder 206

Folder 207

Folder 208

Folder 209

Folder 210

Folder 211

Folder 212

Folder 213

Folder 214

Folder 215

Folder 216

Folder 217

Folder 218

Folder 219

Folder 220

Folder 221

Folder 222

Folder 223

Folder 224

Folder 225

Folder 226

Folder 227

Folder 228

Folder 229

Folder 230

Folder 231

Folder 232

Folder 233

Folder 234

Folder 235

Folder 236

Folder 237

Folder 238

Folder 239

Folder 240

Folder 241

Folder 242

Folder 243

Folder 244

Folder 245

Folder 246

Folder 247

Folder 248

Folder 249

Folder 250

Folder 251

Folder 252

Folder 253

Folder 254

Folder 255

Folder 256

Folder 257

Folder 258

Folder 259

Folder 260

Folder 261

Folder 262

1911 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 201-262

Folder 263-303

Folder 263

Folder 264

Folder 265

Folder 266

Folder 267

Folder 268

Folder 269

Folder 270

Folder 271

Folder 272

Folder 273

Folder 274

Folder 275

Folder 276

Folder 277

Folder 278

Folder 279

Folder 280

Folder 281

Folder 282

Folder 283

Folder 284

Folder 285

Folder 286

Folder 287

Folder 288

Folder 289

Folder 290

Folder 291

Folder 292

Folder 293

Folder 294

Folder 295

Folder 296

Folder 297

Folder 298

Folder 299

Folder 300

Folder 301

Folder 302

Folder 303

1912 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 263-303

Folder 304-349

Folder 304

Folder 305

Folder 306

Folder 307

Folder 308

Folder 309

Folder 310

Folder 311

Folder 312

Folder 313

Folder 314

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Folder 318

Folder 319

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Folder 326

Folder 327

Folder 328

Folder 329

Folder 330

Folder 331

Folder 332

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Folder 334

Folder 335

Folder 336

Folder 337

Folder 338

Folder 339

Folder 340

Folder 341

Folder 342

Folder 343

Folder 344

Folder 345

Folder 346

Folder 347

Folder 348

Folder 349

1913 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 304-349

Folder 350-370

Folder 350

Folder 351

Folder 352

Folder 353

Folder 354

Folder 355

Folder 356

Folder 357

Folder 358

Folder 359

Folder 360

Folder 361

Folder 362

Folder 363

Folder 364

Folder 365

Folder 366

Folder 367

Folder 368

Folder 369

Folder 370

1914 #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 350-370

Folder 371-385

Folder 371

Folder 372

Folder 373

Folder 374

Folder 375

Folder 376

Folder 377

Folder 378

Folder 379

Folder 380

Folder 381

Folder 382

Folder 383

Folder 384

Folder 385

Undated #02306, Series: "North Carolina Geological Survey Papers, 1851-1914 and undated." Folder 371-385

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

Updated by: Adam Fielding and Jodi Berkowitz, April 2011

This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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