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Collection Number: 05453

Collection Title: Billy Brown Olive Papers, 1950-2001

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


This collection was processed with support from Elizabeth Moore Ruffin.

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Size 7.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 5700 items)
Abstract Billy Brown Olive of Durham, N.C., is a North Carolina attorney who specializes in patent and intellectual property law. In 1957, he established Olive & Olive, the first patent law firm to serve the Research Triangle Park area, and taught proprietary and engineering law classes at the Duke School of Engineering and the School of Product Design at North Carolina State University. For more than 40 years, Olive was involved in civic affairs, specifically those relating to the environment and environmental racism. Locally, he was involved in the opposition to specific routes of Interstate 40 in Orange County, N.C., serving as coordinator with Opposition to I-40 in Orange County. He also opposed the Eubanks Road landfill site in Orange County, N.C. and the East/West Expressway route through the historically African American Crest Street community in Durham, N.C. The collection includes materials on environmental and social issues of interest to Billy Brown Olive, specifically his opposition to the Interstate 40 construction through Orange County, N.C.; the proposed landfill site near Eubanks Road in Orange County; and the proposed extension of the East/West Expressway (North Carolina Highway 147) through the historically African American Crest Street community in Durham, N.C. Interstate 40 papers consist of Olive's office files related to Interstate 40 construction through North Carolina, including correspondence, meeting minutes of the North Carolina Department of Transportation, newspaper clippings, maps of routes, and petitions. Landfill site materials relate to the proposed placement of an Orange County landfill near Eubanks Road in Orange County, and include court documents, letters of opposition written by Olive, newspaper clippings, landfill drawings, and publications and reports. Crest Street papers include correspondence; court documents, specifically those related to the Save Our Church and Community Committee of Durham; maps of Duke Forest; publications and reports; and additional correspondence relating to I-40 construction in Durham. Also included is material related to the Orange County Municipal Waste Project, chiefly consisting of correspondence of Olive with state and local officials, newspaper staff, educators, and the Landfill Owners Group, but also including studies and reports on waste management. There are a few related photographs scattered throughout the collection.
Creator Olive, Billy Brown, 1921-
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Billy Brown Olive Papers #5453, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Billy Brown Olive of Durham, N.C., in January 2010 (Acc. 101244).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Billy Brown Olive of Durham, N.C., is a North Carolina attorney who specializes in patent and intellectual property law. He received his degree in electrical engineering from Duke University in 1948 and went on to work with the Westinghouse Electric International Company in New York. It was during his time in New York that Olive earned his law degree from Saint John's University. He worked for Fieldcrest Mills in Leaksville, N.C., before establishing Olive & Olive in 1957, the first patent law firm to serve the Research Triangle Park area. For the next 15 years, he also taught proprietary and engineering law classes at the Duke School of Engineering and the School of Product Design at North Carolina State University.

For more than 40 years, Olive was involved in civic affairs, specifically those relating to the environment. Locally, he was involved in the opposition of specific routes of Interstate 40 in Orange County, N.C., serving as coordinator with Opposition to I-40 in Orange County. He also opposed the Eubanks Road landfill site in Orange County and the East/West Expressway route through the historically African American Crest Street community in Durham. In addition, Olive founded the North Carolina Bar Association's committee on intellectual property law. He received military awards from both the United States and France, an award for civic service from the State of North Carolina, the Distinguished Alumnus Award of Duke University's Pratt School of Engineering, and the Charles Korstian Award of the Nicholas School of the Environment.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The Billy Brown Olive papers include materials on environmental and social issues of interest to Olive, specifically his opposition to the Interstate 40 construction through Orange County, N.C.; the proposed landfill site near Eubanks Road in Orange County; and the proposed extension of the East/West Expressway (North Carolina Highway 147) through the historically African American Crest Street community in Durham, N.C. Interstate 40 papers consist of Olive's office files related to Interstate 40 construction through North Carolina, including correspondence, meeting minutes of the North Carolina Department of Transportation, newspaper clippings, maps of routes, and petitions. Landfill site materials relate to the proposed placement of an Orange County landfill near Eubanks Road in Orange County, and include court documents, letters of opposition written by Olive, newspaper clippings, landfill drawings, and publications and reports. Crest Street papers include correspondence; court documents, specifically those related to the Save Our Church and Community Committee of Durham; maps of Duke Forest; publications and reports; and additional correspondence relating to I-40 construction in Durham. Also included is material related to the Orange County Municipal Waste Project, chiefly consisting of correspondence of Olive with state and local officials, newspaper staff, educators, and the Landfill Owners Group, but also including studies and reports on waste management. There are a few related photographs scattered throughout the collection.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s.

About 2800 items.

Billy Brown Olive's office files related to the construction of Interstate 40 through North Carolina, including correspondence, meeting minutes of the North Carolina Department of Transportation, newspaper clippings, maps of routes, petitions, and a few photographs. See also Series 3. Crest Street for related I-40 correspondence.

Note that original folder titles have, for the most part, been retained.

Folder 1

Correspondence in, 1978 #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 1

Folder 2

Correspondence out, 1978 #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 2

Folder 3-4

Folder 3

Folder 4

1979 In/Out #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 3-4

Folder 5-6

Folder 5

Folder 6

Board of Transportation meetings, 1977-1978 #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 5-6

Folder 7-8

Folder 7

Folder 8

Continued Action on Transportation and Environment (CONTACT) correspondence, 1977-1979 #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 7-8

Folder 9

Court papers, 1970s #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 9

Folder 10-11

Folder 10

Folder 11

Energy news clippings and notes, 1970s #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 10-11

Folder 12

Environmental Impact Study by North Carolina Department of Transportation, BBD Ltne to McGowan, North Carolina Highway Commission, 1970s #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 12

Folder 13-18

Folder 13

Folder 14

Folder 15

Folder 16

Folder 17

Folder 18

Interstate 40 Concept 40, 1970s #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 13-18

Folder 19-25

Folder 19

Folder 20

Folder 21

Folder 22

Folder 23

Folder 24

Folder 25

Interstate 40 news clippings, 1968-1979 #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 19-25

Folder 26

Letters to editors and statements to newspapers, 1978 #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 26

Folder 27

Maps, circa 1970s-1980s #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 27

Proposed routes of I-40 from the North Carolina Department of Transportation.

Oversize Paper Folder OPF-5453/1

Maps, 1960s-1980s #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." OPF-5453/1

Rolled Item R-5453/1

Maps: Interstate 40 Corridor Public Hearing Map, 1976 #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." R-5453/1

Presented by the North Carolina Department of Transportation Division of Highways, Roadway Design Unit. The map shows corridors studied for the location of I-40 from I-85 West of Durham to existing I-40 in the Research Triangle Park.

Folder 28

Margarent Tunks file, 1978 #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 28

Folder 29

Notes, 1977-1980 #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 29

Oversize Paper Folder OPF-5453/2

Orange County Interstate 40 Opposition Organization chart, 1970s #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." OPF-5453/2

Organizational chart outlining the organization's objectives, administrative structure, desired policies, and related group support.

Folder 30

Petitions, 1977 #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 30

Folder 31

Public Law 94-280, 94th Congress, H. R. 8235, 1976 #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 31

Folder 32

Raleigh-Durham Airport information, correspondence, and news clippings, circa 1977-1978 #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 32

Folder 33

Sensible Highways and Protected Environments (SHAPE) file, circa 1970s-1980s #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 33

Folder 34-37

Folder 34

Folder 35

Folder 36

Folder 37

Miscellaneous correspondence, facts, notes, and memos, circa 1970s-1980s #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 34-37

Folder 38-39

Folder 38

Folder 39

Miscellaneous clippings concerned with water and air, circa 1960s-1970s #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 38-39

Folder 40

Miscellaneous news clippings, circa 1970s-1980s #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 40

Folder 41-49

Folder 41

Folder 42

Folder 43

Folder 44

Folder 45

Folder 46

Folder 47

Folder 48

Folder 49

Newspaper clippings, circa 1970s-1980s #05453, Series: "1. Interstate 40 Construction, 1960s-1980s." Folder 41-49

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Landfill, 1950s-1970s.

About 1250 items.

Arrangement: Alphabetical.

Materials related to the proposed placement of a landfill near Eubanks Road in Orange County, N.C., including court documents, letters of opposition written by Billy Brown Olive, newspaper clippings, and publications and reports. Also includes landfill drawings and a few photographs. The landfill opened in 1972.

Note that original folder titles have, for the most part, been retained.

Folder 50-51

Folder 50

Folder 51

Chapel Hill landfill, 1972 #05453, Series: "2. Landfill, 1950s-1970s." Folder 50-51

Folder 52

Eubanks landfill, 10 February 1975 #05453, Series: "2. Landfill, 1950s-1970s." Folder 52

Folder 53

Exhibits regarding New Hope Development Corporation, 1972 #05453, Series: "2. Landfill, 1950s-1970s." Folder 53

Oversize Paper Folder XOPF-5453/1

Landfill drawings, 1970s-1980s #05453, Series: "2. Landfill, 1950s-1970s." XOPF-5453/1

Folder 54

Landfill newspaper clippings, circa 1972 #05453, Series: "2. Landfill, 1950s-1970s." Folder 54

Folder 55-58

Folder 55

Folder 56

Folder 57

Folder 58

Landfill papers, circa 1950s-1973 #05453, Series: "2. Landfill, 1950s-1970s." Folder 55-58

Folder 59-62

Folder 59

Folder 60

Folder 61

Folder 62

Publications and reports, 1968-1976 #05453, Series: "2. Landfill, 1950s-1970s." Folder 59-62

Includes:

  • Report of the Commission for the Study of Solid Waste Recycling to the 1975 General Assembly of North Carolina;
  • Areawide Water Quality Management Planning: 208 Project Inventory of Existing Resources;
  • Rules and Regulations for Providing Standards for Solid Waste Disposal;
  • Pollution of Subsurface Water by Sanitary Landfills;
  • Geology and Mineral Resources of Orange County, North Carolina;
  • Regulation Relating to Monitoring and Reporting Wastewater Discharges and their Effect upon Receiving Waters;
  • Recommended Standards for Sanitary Landfill Design, Construction, and Evaluation, & Model Sanitary Landfill Operation Agreement; and Regulation Adopting Effluent Limitations and Guidelines for Wastewater Discharges to the Surface Waters of North Carolina.

Oversize Paper Folder OPF-5453/3

Research Triangle Region Development Guide, 1969 #05453, Series: "2. Landfill, 1950s-1970s." OPF-5453/3

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Crest Street, 1960-1986.

About 800 items.

Arrangement: Alphabetical.

Materials related to the proposed extension of the Durham East/West Expressway (North Carolina Highway 147) through the historically African American Crest Street community of Durham, N.C. Includes correspondence; court documents, specifically those related to the Save Our Church and Community Committee of Durham; maps of Duke Forest; and publications and reports. There is also some correspondence that concerns Interstate 40 construction in Durham.

Note that original folder titles have, for the most part, been retained.

Folder 63-64

Folder 63

Folder 64

Crest Street papers, 1970s-1980s #05453, Series: "3. Crest Street, 1960-1986." Folder 63-64

Includes court documents from the legal case of residents of Crest Street and Save our Church and Community Committee before the Secretary of the United States Department of Transportation, 7 September 1978.

Folder 65-67

Folder 65

Folder 66

Folder 67

Interstate 40 correspondence, 1970s-1980s #05453, Series: "3. Crest Street, 1960-1986." Folder 65-67

Folder 68

Interstate 40 correspondence in, 1977 #05453, Series: "3. Crest Street, 1960-1986." Folder 68

Folder 69-70

Folder 69

Folder 70

Interstate 40 correspondence out, 1977 #05453, Series: "3. Crest Street, 1960-1986." Folder 69-70

Folder 71

Interstate 40: Final Environmental Impact Statement, 1978 #05453, Series: "3. Crest Street, 1960-1986." Folder 71

Folder 72

Orange County, et. al. vs. Department of Transportation, et. al., 1980 #05453, Series: "3. Crest Street, 1960-1986." Folder 72

Oversize Paper Folder XOPF-5453/2

Maps of Duke Forest, 1970s-1980s #05453, Series: "3. Crest Street, 1960-1986." XOPF-5453/2

Folder 73-74

Folder 73

Folder 74

Publications and reports, 1960-1986 #05453, Series: "3. Crest Street, 1960-1986." Folder 73-74

Includes:

  • Analysis of the Impact of the Alternate Routes of Interstate 40 around Durham, N.C., on the Human Environment of the Region;
  • Land Use Plan: City of Durham;
  • U.S. Energy Demand and Supply, 1976-1985, Limited Options, Unlimited Restraints;
  • Transportation Improvement Program; and Problems, Dilemmas, and the Energy Crisis.

Folder 75

Soil surveys, 1971, 1977 #05453, Series: "3. Crest Street, 1960-1986." Folder 75

Includes Soil Survey of Durham, North Carolina, 1971, and Soil Survey of Orange County, North Carolina, 1977.

Folder 76

Summary of proceedings, 1978-1980 #05453, Series: "3. Crest Street, 1960-1986." Folder 76

Photocopies of court documents related to the Crest Street case.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Orange County Municipal Waste Project, 1996-2001.

About 800 items.

Chiefly correspondence of Billy Brown Olive with state and local officials, newspaper staff, educators, and the Landfill Owners Group related to the Orange County Municipal Waste Project (OCMW), but also studies and reports on waste management.

Note that original file folder titles have, for the most part, been retained.

Folder 77-79

Folder 77

Folder 78

Folder 79

Orange County Municipal Waste Project, OCMW 7001, 1996 #05453, Series: "4. Orange County Municipal Waste Project, 1996-2001." Folder 77-79

Folder 80-81

Folder 80

Folder 81

Orange County Municipal Waste Project, OCMW 7002, 1997 #05453, Series: "4. Orange County Municipal Waste Project, 1996-2001." Folder 80-81

Folder 82-83

Folder 82

Folder 83

Orange County Municipal Waste Project, OCMW 7003, 1998 #05453, Series: "4. Orange County Municipal Waste Project, 1996-2001." Folder 82-83

Folder 84

Orange County Municipal Waste Project, OCMW 7004, 1999-2001 #05453, Series: "4. Orange County Municipal Waste Project, 1996-2001." Folder 84

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Processing Information

Processed by: Kiley Orchard, April 2010

Encoded by: Kiley Orchard, April 2010

This collection was processed with support from Elizabeth Moore Ruffin.

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