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Collection Number: 01516

Collection Title: Frank Parker Papers, 1890-1946

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


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Size 14.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 8000 items)
Abstract Major General Frank Parker, a native of South Carolina, graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1894; served in the United States Army, 1894-1936; and was director of the Illinois War Council, 1942-1945. The collection includes correspondence and other papers, volumes, and pictures, semi-official, and personal, of Frank Parker, documenting his career as a student at the United States Military Academy at West Point, 1890-1894; as a United States Army officer at Tampa during the Spanish-American War; as a military attache in Venezuela, Argentina, and Cuba, 1904-1908; as an instructor and organizer of cavalry in Cuba, 1909-1912; as an observer in France before the United States entered World War I, as commander of the 1st Division of the American Expeditionary Forces, and chief American officer at French headquarters during the war; as assistant chief of staff of the army, 1927-1929; as commander of the 6th Corps, 1929-1932, of the 2nd Army, 1932-1933, and of the Philippines Department, 1933-1935; and, after his retirement in 1936, as director of the Illinois War Council during World War II. Much of the correspondence is in French or Spanish. Topics of correspondence include military affairs (including cavalry in the early days and aviation later), sport and social life, army and national politics, the American Legion, personal experiences, and official activities. Correspondents include Douglas MacArthur, Robert T. McCormick, George C. Marshall, Charles P. Summerall, and Henry C. Wilbur. Volumes include a small 1897 diary kept by Parker's wife while a college student; diaries and notebooks relating to Parker's World War I service; and post-war and undated manuals, scrapbooks, and other volumes relating to Parker's army activities, including some about the Philippines and others about his studies in French military schools. Pictures include photographs of army activities before and after World War I, including several relating to airplanes and pilots. There are also about 500 lantern slides from Parker's service in the Philippines, 1933-1935; service in World War I; and travels in China, Indonesia, and the Malay Peninsula, 1934-1935.
Creator Parker, Frank, 1872-1947.
Language English French Spanish
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Frank Parker Papers #1516, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Katherine Parker of Chicago, Ill., in July 1948, and from George F. Hofmann of Cincinnati, Ohio, in July 2002 (Acc. 99292).
Other Finding Aid
A more detailed list of selected correspondence is available at the repository.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

1872 Born, Georgetown County, S.C., son of Arthur Middleton and Emma Izard Middleton Parker
1894 Graduated from United States Military Academy, West Point
1898 Served in Tampa, Fla., during Spanish-American War
1898-1900 Puerto Rico
1900-1903 Instructor, United States Military Academy
1903-1904 Student, French Cavalry School, Saumur, France
1904-1905 Military attache, Caracas, Venezuela
1905-1906 Buenos Aires, Argentina
1906 Married Katherine Hamilton Lahm
1906-1908 With regiment in Cuba
1909-1912 Instructor and organizer of cavalry, Cuba
1912 Ecole Superieure de Guerre, France
1913-1914 Member, Cavalry Board
1914-1915 Ecole Superieure de Guerre, France
1916-1917 Observer with French armies in field, then chief of American Military Mission at French General Headquarters
1918 Commander, 18th Infantry and 1st Infantry Brigade, then commander, 1st Division, American Expeditionary Force
1920 Graduate, Ecole Superieure de Guerre, France
1920-1921 Assistant professor, Ecole Superieure de Guerre, and student in Centre des Hautes Etudes
1923 Graduate and instructor, Command and Staff School, Leavenworth, Kan.
1923-1924 Graduate and instructor, Army War College
1925-1927 Commander, 2nd Brigade, 1st Division
1927-1929 Assistant chief of staff, United States Army
1929-1932 Commander, 6th Corps Area
1932-1933 Commander, 2nd Army
1933-1935 Military commander, Philippines Department
1936 February-March Commander, 1st Division, New York
1936 March-September Commander, 8th Corps Area, Fort Sam Houston, Tex.
1936 September 30 Retired
1942-1945 Executive director, Illinois War Council
1947 March 13 Died in Chicago, Ill.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

Correspondence and other papers, volumes, and pictures, official, semi-official, and personal, of Major General Frank Parker, native of South Carolina, documenting his career as a student at the United States Military Academy at West Point, 1890-1894; as a United States Army officer at Tampa, Fla., during the Spanish-American War; as a military attache in Venezuela, Argentina, and Cuba, 1904-1908; as an instructor and organizer of cavalry in Cuba, 1909-1912; as an observer in France before the United States entered World War I, as commander of the 1st Division of the American Expeditionary Forces, and chief American officer at French headquarters during the war; as assistant chief of staff of the army, 1927-1929; as commander of the United States Army 6th Corps, 1929-1932, 2nd Army, 1932-1933, and Philippines Department, 1933-1935; and, after his retirement in 1936, as director of the Illinois War Council during World War II. Much of the correspondence is in French or Spanish. Topics of correspondence include military affairs (including cavalry in the early days and aviation later), sport and social life, army politics, national politics, the American Legion, personal experiences, and official activities. Correspondents include Douglas MacArthur, Robert T. McCormick, George C. Marshall, Charles P. Summerall, and Henry C. Wilbur, as well as officers of every rank in the Army, officers in the United States Navy, former friends in foreign countries, members of Congress, and members of organizations in his various places of residence. Volumes include a small 1897 diary kept by Parker's wife while a college student; diaries and notebooks relating to Parker's World War I service; and post-war and undated manuals, scrapbooks, and other volumes relating to Parker's army activities, including some about the Philippines and others about his studies in French military schools. Pictures include photographs of army activities before and after World War I, including several relating to airplanes and pilots. There are also about 500 lantern slides from Parker's service in the Philippines, 1933-1935; service in World War I; and travels in China, Indonesia, and the Malay Peninsula, 1934-1935.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946.

About 7500 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Folder 1-17

Folder 1

Folder 2

Folder 3

Folder 4

Folder 5

Folder 6

Folder 7

Folder 8

Folder 9

Folder 10

Folder 11

Folder 12

Folder 13

Folder 14

Folder 15

Folder 16

Folder 17

1890-April 1918 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 1-17

Folder 18-36

Folder 18

Folder 19

Folder 20

Folder 21

Folder 22

Folder 23

Folder 24

Folder 25

Folder 26

Folder 27

Folder 28

Folder 29

Folder 30

Folder 31

Folder 32

Folder 33

Folder 34

Folder 35

Folder 36

May 1918-January 1924 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 18-36

Folder 37-58

Folder 37

Folder 38

Folder 39

Folder 40

Folder 41

Folder 42

Folder 43

Folder 44

Folder 45

Folder 46

Folder 47

Folder 48

Folder 49

Folder 50

Folder 51

Folder 52

Folder 53

Folder 54

Folder 55

Folder 56

Folder 57

Folder 58

24 January 1924-12 January 1929 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 37-58

Folder 59-78

Folder 59

Folder 60

Folder 61

Folder 62

Folder 63

Folder 64

Folder 65

Folder 66

Folder 67

Folder 68

Folder 69

Folder 70

Folder 71

Folder 72

Folder 73

Folder 74

Folder 75

Folder 76

Folder 77

Folder 78

13 January 1929-14 March 1930 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 59-78

Folder 79-97

Folder 79

Folder 80

Folder 81

Folder 82

Folder 83

Folder 84

Folder 85

Folder 86

Folder 87

Folder 88

Folder 89

Folder 90

Folder 91

Folder 92

Folder 93

Folder 94

Folder 95

Folder 96

Folder 97

15 March-10 December 1930 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 79-97

Folder 98-119

Folder 98

Folder 99

Folder 100

Folder 101

Folder 102

Folder 103

Folder 104

Folder 105

Folder 106

Folder 107

Folder 108

Folder 109

Folder 110

Folder 111

Folder 112

Folder 113

Folder 114

Folder 115

Folder 116

Folder 117

Folder 118

Folder 119

11 December 1930-19 April 1931 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 98-119

Folder 120-140

Folder 120

Folder 121

Folder 122

Folder 123

Folder 124

Folder 125

Folder 126

Folder 127

Folder 128

Folder 129

Folder 130

Folder 131

Folder 132

Folder 133

Folder 134

Folder 135

Folder 136

Folder 137

Folder 138

Folder 139

Folder 140

20 April-18 August 1931 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 120-140

Folder 141-160

Folder 141

Folder 142

Folder 143

Folder 144

Folder 145

Folder 146

Folder 147

Folder 148

Folder 149

Folder 150

Folder 151

Folder 152

Folder 153

Folder 154

Folder 155

Folder 156

Folder 157

Folder 158

Folder 159

Folder 160

19 August-31 December 1931 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 141-160

Folder 161-182

Folder 161

Folder 162

Folder 163

Folder 164

Folder 165

Folder 166

Folder 167

Folder 168

Folder 169

Folder 170

Folder 171

Folder 172

Folder 173

Folder 174

Folder 175

Folder 176

Folder 177

Folder 178

Folder 179

Folder 180

Folder 181

Folder 182

1 January-25 April 1932 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 161-182

Folder 183-199

Folder 183

Folder 184

Folder 185

Folder 186

Folder 187

Folder 188

Folder 189

Folder 190

Folder 191

Folder 192

Folder 193

Folder 194

Folder 195

Folder 196

Folder 197

Folder 198

Folder 199

26 April-11 August 1932 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 183-199

Folder 200-218

Folder 200

Folder 201

Folder 202

Folder 203

Folder 204

Folder 205

Folder 206

Folder 207

Folder 208

Folder 209

Folder 210

Folder 211

Folder 212

Folder 213

Folder 214

Folder 215

Folder 216

Folder 217

Folder 218

12 August 1932-22 January 1933 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 200-218

Folder 219-241

Folder 219

Folder 220

Folder 221

Folder 222

Folder 223

Folder 224

Folder 225

Folder 226

Folder 227

Folder 228

Folder 229

Folder 230

Folder 231

Folder 232

Folder 233

Folder 234

Folder 235

Folder 236

Folder 237

Folder 238

Folder 239

Folder 240

Folder 241

23 January-10 July 1933 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 219-241

Folder 242-260

Folder 242

Folder 243

Folder 244

Folder 245

Folder 246

Folder 247

Folder 248

Folder 249

Folder 250

Folder 251

Folder 252

Folder 253

Folder 254

Folder 255

Folder 256

Folder 257

Folder 258

Folder 259

Folder 260

11 July-10 November 1933 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 242-260

Folder 261-279

Folder 261

Folder 262

Folder 263

Folder 264

Folder 265

Folder 266

Folder 267

Folder 268

Folder 269

Folder 270

Folder 271

Folder 272

Folder 273

Folder 274

Folder 275

Folder 276

Folder 277

Folder 278

Folder 279

15 November 1933-30 September 1934 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 261-279

Folder 280-299

Folder 280

Folder 281

Folder 282

Folder 283

Folder 284

Folder 285

Folder 286

Folder 287

Folder 288

Folder 289

Folder 290

Folder 291

Folder 292

Folder 293

Folder 294

Folder 295

Folder 296

Folder 297

Folder 298

Folder 299

1 October 1934-31 May 1935 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 280-299

Folder 300-317

Folder 300

Folder 301

Folder 302

Folder 303

Folder 304

Folder 305

Folder 306

Folder 307

Folder 308

Folder 309

Folder 310

Folder 311

Folder 312

Folder 313

Folder 314

Folder 315

Folder 316

Folder 317

June 1935-18 February 1935 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 300-317

Folder 318-336

Folder 318

Folder 319

Folder 320

Folder 321

Folder 322

Folder 323

Folder 324

Folder 325

Folder 326

Folder 327

Folder 328

Folder 329

Folder 330

Folder 331

Folder 332

Folder 333

Folder 334

Folder 335

Folder 336

19 February-21 May 1936 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 318-336

Folder 337-359

Folder 337

Folder 338

Folder 339

Folder 340

Folder 341

Folder 342

Folder 343

Folder 344

Folder 345

Folder 346

Folder 347

Folder 348

Folder 349

Folder 350

Folder 351

Folder 352

Folder 353

Folder 354

Folder 355

Folder 356

Folder 357

Folder 358

Folder 359

22 May-December 1936 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 337-359

Folder 360-365

Folder 360

Folder 361

Folder 362

Folder 363

Folder 364

Folder 365

January 1937-1946 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 360-365

Folder 366

Undated, Chicago, 1929-1933 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 366

Folder 367

Undated, Philippines, 1933-1935 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 367

Folder 368

Undated, Fort Sam Houston, Tex., 1936 #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 368

Folder 369

Genealogy: Parker and Middleton families #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 369

Folder 370

Army and war records #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 370

Folder 371

Efficiency record #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 371

Folder 372

Miscellaneous, undated #01516, Series: "1. Correspondence and Other Papers, 1890-1946." Folder 372

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Volumes, 1897-1942.

34 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Folder 373

1897 #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 373

Small diary, apparently kept by Katherine Lam (later Mrs. Frank Parker) at Smith College, Northampton, Mass., while with relatives in the East during summer and vacations, and at the University of Chicago, October-December.

Folder 374-376

Folder 374

Folder 375

Folder 376

1904-1906 #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 374-376

Three volumes containing notes and brief entries, apparently kept by Parker while in South America.

Folder 377

1912 #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 377

Scattered diary entries, some notes on works of art, and military notes, in French.

Folder 378

1917 #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 378

Notebook of military entries, written in French, marked "from G.Q.C., 12-16-17."

Folder 379-381

Folder 379

Folder 380

Folder 381

Undated #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 379-381

Notebooks as above, undated.

Folder 382

1917-1918 #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 382

"An Argonne Cross," by Edith and Marjorie Beats, Alton, Ill., typed copies of letters from their brother, 1st Lieutenant Alden Sprague Betts.

Folder 383

April 1917-March 1920 #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 383

Record of Frank Parker, AEF, in World War. Printed sheets, clipped.

Folder 384

1918 June-November #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 384

Summary of Operations Reports, Headquarters, 1st Army Corps, AEF. Mimeographed.

Folder 385

1918 July-November #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 385

Field Orders, 1st Army Corps. Mimeographed.

Folder 386

1918 July-November #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 386

Summaries of Intelligence, 1st Army Corps, USA. Mimeographed.

Folder 387

1990-1922 #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 387

"La Guerre de Secession des Etats-Unis". Portfolio of mimeographed pages of text and maps.

Folder 388

1928 September 27 #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 388

Individual Record of Decorations and Citations. Brigadier General Frank Parker.

Folder 389

1928 September 27 #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 389

Individual Record of Decorations and Citations. Brigadier General Frank Parker.

Folder 390

1929 August 20 #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 390

Manual for Commanders of Large Units. Typed sheets in folder.

Folder 391

1920-1930 #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 391

Training of Large Units, Documents 1, 2, and 3 mimeographed and clipped together.

Folder 392

1932 February-October #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 392

Scrapbook of newspaper clippings. Activities of General Parker and family, Sixth Corps Area, Headquarters, Chicago, Ill.

Folder 393

1933 April 6 #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 393

Second Army Tactical Exercises, Sixth Corps Area, Chicago, Ill. "Detailed Critique of Corps and Division Orders," by Major General Frank Parker. Mimeographed and clipped

Folder 394-395

Folder 394

Folder 395

1929-1933 #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 394-395

Albums of photographs and Kodak pictures taken at Fort Sheridan, Ill.

Folder 396-399

Folder 396

Folder 397

Folder 398

Folder 399

1933 December 16-1935 January #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 396-399

Newspaper clippings, Philippine Islands, Volumes I-IV.

Folder 400

1935 January 4-23 #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 400

Rough notes of air trips. Philippine Islands.

Folder 401

1935 May-June #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 401

Notes of trips by air and boat, Philippine Islands.

Folder 402

1939 August 11 #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 402

Digest of service of Major General Frank Parker, USA, 1894-1939 and 2nd copy, brought up to date, 30 June 1945. Mimeographed and clipped.

Folder 403

1941 November 14-1942 March 4 #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 403

Notebook containing notes on mission to Great Britain for American Legion, sketchy diary entries.

Folder 404

Undated #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 404

"Organization and Conduct of Field Forces" and "Notes on Combat Psychology," both by Frank Parker. Mimeographed.

Folder 405-407

Folder 405

Folder 406

Folder 407

Undated #01516, Series: "2. Volumes, 1897-1942." Folder 405-407

Three notebooks, written in French, dealing with military subjects. Apparently made at some time during Parker's studies at military schools in France.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Pictures, 1918-1935.

About 600 items.

Arrangement: by format.

Photograph Album PA-1516/1

Photograph Album #01516, Series: "3. Pictures, 1918-1935." PA-1516/1

Photographs of various aspects of military life at Fort Sheridan, Ill., ca. 1927.

Image Folder P-1516/1-2

P-1516/1

P-1516/2

Photographs #01516, Series: "3. Pictures, 1918-1935." P-1516/1-2

Photographs of Frank Parker, 1927-1930; a photograph of Parker with General C. P. Summerall, 1918; a photograph of General C. P. Summerall, ca. 1928; photograph of John J. Pershing, ca. 1925; photographs of airplanes equipped for winter conditions, ca. 1920-1930; photograph of group of airmen dressed for winter conditions, ca. 1920-1930; and photographs of airplanes, pilots, and crews, ca. 1920-1930.

Image Folder P-1516/3

Photographs (Acc. 99292) #01516, Series: "3. Pictures, 1918-1935." P-1516/3

Photographs of Frank Parker with manufacturer Louis Renault, viewing demonstration of Renault's Type FT 17 tanks in 1917. Also included is a brief article from the SAH Journal (Society of Automotive Historians), July-August 2002, about the tanks and the photographs and about how the American Army officer in the pictures was identified as Parker.

Oversize Image Folder OP-P-1516/1

Oversize photographs #01516, Series: "3. Pictures, 1918-1935." OP-P-1516/1

Photographs of airplanes and pilots, 1920s; aerial photograph of San Francisco focusing on Crissy Field, 1927; and aerial photograph of Crissy Field, ca. 1930.

Box SF-P-1516/1-3

SF-P-1516/1

SF-P-1516/2

SF-P-1516/3

Slides #01516, Series: "3. Pictures, 1918-1935." Box SF-P-1516/1-3

About 500 3-1/4 inch by 4 inch lantern slides, mostly relating to Parker's service in the Philippines, 1933-1935. Included are a set of post-battle scenes associated with Parker's service in France in World War I, and sets from Parker's travels in China, Indonesia, and the Malay Peninsula, 1934-1935. The travel slides principally show native people, local scenery, and historical and cultural sites.

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Processing Information

Processed by: Library Staff, 1948-2004

Encoded by: Linda Sellars, June 2004

Diacritics and other special characters have been omitted from this finding aid to facilitate keyword searching in web browsers.

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