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Collection Number: 01466

Collection Title: William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities; this finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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Size 3.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 2400 items)
Abstract William Nelson Pendleton (1809-1883) was a graduate of the United States Military Academy, an Episcopal clergyman and schoolmaster in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia, a Confederate brigadier general, serving under Joseph E. Johnston and Robert E. Lee, and rector of Grace Episcopal Church, Lexington, Va., 1853-1883. The collection includes correspondence of Pendleton and his family, and their Page, Nelson, Pendleton, and other Virginia relatives, giving an extensive picture of the social life and customs of Virginians in the 19th century. The 35 items dated earlier than 1837 are Nelson and Page family letters. Approximately 1,400 items were written during the Civil War years, including military communications among officers in the Virginia theatre of war, correspondence concerning promotions, personal rivalries and criticism among Confederate officers, letters to and from Mrs. Pendleton at Lexington, Va., and other members of the family. There is correspondence before, during, and after the war concerning the Episcopal Church and specifically the affairs of the Lexington church and threats to Pendleton's tenure as rector, and (from 1870 onwards) Pendleton's work in raising a Robert E. Lee memorial fund. There are also some papers relating to Pendleton's life in Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland before he came to Lexington in 1853.
Creator Pendleton, William Nelson, 1809-1883.
Language English
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Information For Users

Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the William Nelson Pendleton Papers, #1466, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Purchased from Miss Ellinor Porcher Gadsden and Miss Anzolette P. Gadsden of Lexington, Va., 1957
Additional Descriptive Resources
A copy of the original finding aid for this collection is filed in folder 1a.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

William Nelson Pendleton (1809-1883) was a graduate of the United States Military Academy, an Episcopal clergyman and schoolmaster in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia, a Confederate brigadier general, serving under Joseph E. Johnston and Robert E. Lee, and rector of Grace Episcopal Church, Lexington, Va., 1853-1883. He married Anzolette Elizabeth Page in 1831, and they had 8 children. Their oldest daughter Susan married Confederate army officer Edwin Gray Lee (1836-1870), and their son, Alexander Swift Pendleton (1839-1864) was an officer in the Confederate army.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection includes correspondence of William Nelson Pendleton (1809-1883) and his family, and their Page, Nelson, Pendleton, and other Virginia relatives, giving an extensive picture of the social life and customs of Virginians in the 19th century. The 35 items dated earlier than 1837 are Nelson and Page family letters. Approximately 1,400 items were written during the Civil War years, including military communications among officers in the Virginia theatre of war, correspondence concerning promotions, personal rivalries and criticism among Confederate officers, letters to and from Mrs. Pendleton at Lexington, Va., and other members of the family. There is correspondence before, during, and after the war concerning the Episcopal Church and specifically the affairs of the Lexington church and threats to Pendleton's tenure as rector, and (from 1870 onwards) Pendleton's work in raising a Robert E. Lee memorial fund. There are also some papers relating to Pendleton's life in Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland before he came to Lexington in 1853.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated.

Folder 1a

Original finding aid #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 1a

Folder 1b

1789-1835 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 1b

Folder 2

1836 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 2

Folder 3

1837 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 3

Folder 4

1838; 1840-1844 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 4

Folder 5

1846; 1850-1854 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 5

Folder 6

1855-1858 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 6

Folder 7

1859 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 7

Folder 8

January-July 1860 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 8

Folder 9

August-December 1860 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 9

Folder 10

January-April 1861 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 10

Folder 11

May 1861 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 11

Folder 12

June 1861 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 12

Folder 13

July 1861 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 13

Folder 14

August 1861 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 14

Folder 15

September 1861 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 15

Folder 16

October 1861 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 16

Folder 17

November 1861 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 17

Folder 18

December 1861 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 18

Folder 19

January 1862 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 19

Folder 20

February 1862 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 20

Folder 21

March 1862 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 21

Folder 22

April 1862 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 22

Folder 23

May 1862 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 23

Folder 24a

1-13 June 1862 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 24a

Folder 24b

14-30 June 1862 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 24b

Folder 25

July 1862 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 25

Folder 26a

1-6 August 1862 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 26a

Folder 26b

7-13 August 1862 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 26b

Folder 26c

14-31 August 1862 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 26c

Folder 27a

1-14 September 1862 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 27a

Folder 27b

15-23 September 1862 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 27b

Folder 27c

24-30 September 1862 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 27c

Folder 28

October 1862 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 28

Folder 29

November 1862 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 29

Folder 30

December 1862 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 30

Folder 31

January-February 1863 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 31

Folder 32

March-April 1863 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 32

Folder 33a

May 1863 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 33a

Folder 33b

June 1863 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 33b

Folder 34a

1-18 July 1863 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 34a

Folder 34b

19 July-August 1863 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 34b

Folder 35a

1-19 September 1863 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 35a

Folder 35b

20 September-October 1863 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 35b

Folder 36

November-December 1863 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 36

Folder 37

January-February 1864 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 37

Folder 38a

1-18 March 1864 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 38a

Folder 38b

19 March-30 April 1864 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 38b

Folder 39

May-June 1864 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 39

Folder 40

July-August 1864 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 40

Folder 41

September-October 1864 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 41

Folder 42

November-December 1864 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 42

Folder 43

January-March 1865 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 43

Folder 44

April-June 1865 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 44

Folder 45

July-August 1865 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 45

Folder 46

September-December 1865 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 46

Folder 47

1866 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 47

Folder 48

1867 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 48

Folder 49

1868 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 49

Folder 50

1869 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 50

Folder 51

January-September 1870 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 51

Folder 52

October-December 1870 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 52

Folder 53

1871 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 53

Folder 54

1872 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 54

Folder 55

January-February 1873 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 55

Folder 56

March-December 1873 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 56

Folder 57

1874 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 57

Folder 58

1875 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 58

Folder 59

1876 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 59

Folder 60

1877 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 60

Folder 61

1878 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 61

Folder 62

1879 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 62

Folder 63

January-April 1880 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 63

Folder 64

May-December 1880 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 64

Folder 65

1881 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 65

Folder 66

1882 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 66

Folder 67

1883 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 67

Folder 68

1884-1885 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 68

Folder 69

1887-1891 #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 69

Folder 70-72

Folder 70

Folder 71

Folder 72

Undated #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 70-72

Folder 73

Newspapers #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 73

Folder 74-75

Folder 74

Folder 75

Undated Civil War papers #01466, Series: "William Nelson Pendleton Papers, 1798-1889 and undated." Folder 74-75

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

Updated by: Adam Fielding, Kate Stratton and Jodi Berkowitz, October 2010

This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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