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Collection Number: 03615

Collection Title: Penn School Papers, 1862-2004 and undated (bulk 1862-1978)

This collection has access restrictions. For details, please see the restrictions.

This collection has use restrictions. For details, please see the restrictions.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


Preservation of and access to the sound recordings in the Penn School Papers were made possible through a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

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Size 50.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 32,000 items)
Abstract The Penn School on Saint Helena Island, S.C., was founded during the Civil War by northern philanthropists and missionaries for former plantation slaves in an area occupied by the United States Army. Over the years, with continuing philanthropic support, it served as school, health agency, and cooperative society for rural African Americans of the Sea Islands. The first principals were Laura M. Towne and Ellen Murray, followed around 1908 by Rossa B. Cooley and Grace B. House, and in 1944 by Howard Kester and Alice Kester. The school became Penn Community Services in 1950, with Courtney Siceloff as the first director, and the Penn Center, Inc. in the 1980s. The original deposits are papers, mostly 1900-1970, mainly from the Penn School, and primarily correspondence of the directors and of the trustees, treasurers, and publicity workers located elsewhere. Topics include African American education, Reconstruction, political and social change in South Carolina, agricultural extension work, public health issues, damage from hurricanes, World War I, the boll weevil and the cotton industry, the effects of the Great Depression on the school and the local population, changes in the school leading to a greater emphasis on social action in the outer world, and the end of the school and the turn to community service. Volumes include diaries, extracts from letters, recollections, minutes of the board of trustees, ledgers, cashbooks, inventories, financial records, registers of students and teachers, and minutes of various clubs and societies. Printed materials consists of newspapers clippings, pamphlets, promotional literature, school materials, administrative circulars, and annual reports. There are also about 3,000 photographs in the collection, dating from the 1860s to 1962 (bulk 1905-1944), documenting school activities, Island scenes and Islanders, classes and teachers, baptisms, agricultural activities, parades, fairs, and special events at the Penn School. Also included are about 300 audiotapes with oral history interviews and recordings of community acivities, 1954-1979. The Addition of 2005, contains papers of Courtney Siceloff, director of Penn Community Services, 1950-1970, and secretary of the South Carolina Advisory Committee of the United States Commission on Civil Rights, circa 1960-1970. Penn Community Services materials are chiefly administrative and financial. Material relating to the United States Commission on Civil Rights and its state advisory committees, especially the South Carolina Advisory Committee, includes some information about specific discrimination cases.
Creator Penn School (Saint Helena Island, S.C.)
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
Folders 697-712 in Subseries 8.1.2 and Folders 713-745 in Subseries 8.1.3 are CLOSED until 2047.
Photograph albums are closed due to extreme fragility. Researchers must use microfilm copies.
This collection contains additional materials that are not processed and are currently not available to researchers. For information about access to these materials, contact Research and Instructional Services staff. Please be advised that preparing unprocessed materials for access can be a lengthy process.
Restrictions to Use
Explicit written permission from the Penn Center, Inc. is required to copy, print, publish, or distribute photographs, other images, and audio recordings contained in the Penn School Papers. To obtain permission, send your written request with specific image or recording numbers to the Penn Center, Inc., P.O. Box 126, Martin Luther King Jr. Drive, Saint Helena Island, S.C. 29920-0126 or info[at]penncenter[dot]com.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Penn School Papers #3615, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alternate Form of Material
Microfilm copy of most of the collection materials onsite at the Southern Historical Collection as of 1976 is available. "Guide to the Microfilm Edition of the Penn School Papers, 1862-1976" is available at the Manuscripts Department. See Series 5 for reel list.
Acquisitions Information
Deposited by Trustees of Penn Community Services, Incorporated, Frogmore, S.C., 1962-1965, with additions, 1981-2005, 2011 (Acc. 101490) from the Penn Center, Inc.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Historical Information

Penn School had its origins in the Port Royal Experiment, which began in Beaufort, S.C., in April 1862. Slavery had ended there in November 1861, when Federal naval forces, after the battle of Port Royal Sound, seized Beaufort and the archipelago stretching from Charleston to Savannah, Ga. These Islands, the site of long-staple cotton agriculture, were populated largely by the blacks who planted, cultivated and harvested this valuable crop. In spite of their investment on the Islands, the white planters and slaveholders abandoned their slaves and plantations and fled to Confederate territory upon the arrival of the Union forces. The task of the more than 50 abolitionists of the Port Royal Experiment, who arrived on the Sea Islands in April 1862, was to begin where the planters had left the slaves, to tutor the freedmen out of slavery and into freedom.

The members of this abolitionist expedition were a mixed group, from Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and elsewhere in the North, affiliated with several freedmen's aid societies and Protestant churches, trained in various professions to work among the black agricultural laborers of the South, but all committed to emancipation of the slaves as the paramount objective of the Civil War then being waged. Among this group was Laura M. Towne (1825-1901) of Philadelphia, representative of the Port Royal Relief Committee of Philadelphia, trained to some extent in medicine and dedicated to Garrisonian abolitionism. Soon after her arrival in Beaufort, Laura Towne moved to nearby Saint Helena Island, the largest of the Sea Islands, where she would live and work for the next four decades. In June 1862, she was joined by Ellen Murray (1834-1908), her friend from Newport, R.I. While Towne at first devoted her time to the medical needs of Saint Helena people, she soon began to join Murray in the work of teaching school, first in a room in their house on the Oaks Plantation and later in Brick Church at Frogmore, near the center of Saint Helena.

The history of the Penn School dates from 18 June 1862, Ellen Murray's first day teaching black students on Saint Helena. Towne and Murray named their school in honor of William Penn and his belief in the brotherhood of all humanity and from their own association with the Pennsylvania Freedmen's Aid Society. This group, composed largely of Friends, sent the first schoolhouse (prefabricated in sections) by boat from the North in 1865 and for years thereafter helped finance the school. The special dedication of these two women and their supporters in Philadelphia sustained them in their work at Penn School until the dawn of the 20th century. During these years, the two women witnessed the redistribution of land on Saint Helena, carried out by the Federal government during the Civil War and the first years of Reconstruction, and the development of a black yeomanry free, by and large, from white control.

In 1900, hoping to perpetuate their work on Saint Helena, Towne and Murray made plans for the incorporation of their school, and the following year the state of South Carolina chartered the Penn Normal, Industrial and Agricultural School. Hollis Burke Frissell, principal of Hampton Institute in Virginia and the first chair of the board of trustees, became a moving force for the reorganized Penn School. His fellow trustees, mainly whites from the North, included members of a new generation of philanthropists interested in the education of southern African Americans as well as men and women whose interest in race relations dated from an earlier era.

Laura Towne died on 22 February 1901, and, although Ellen Murray was to live and work until 1908, Hollis Frissell began a search for their successors. In Rossa Belle Cooley (1872-1949), daughter of a Vassar College chemistry professor, and Grace Bigelow House (1877-1961), daughter of a missionary teacher in Turkey, he found two unusual women who would lead Penn School for the next 40 years. In selecting Cooley and House, both teachers at Hampton Institute, Frissell helped propagate the gospel of industrial education associated with Hampton Institute and made famous by Booker T. Washington at Tuskegee.

Rossa B. Cooley arrived on Saint Helena in 1904 and Grace B. House came the following year, but it was not until the death of Ellen Murray in 1908 that Hollis Frissell's two proteges assumed their full responsibilities as principal and assistant principal of Penn School. The next three decades were full ones for Cooley, House, and their school. They had the help of their teachers and staff, and of a small group of faithful trustees: Francis R. Cope, Jr., gentleman farmer from Dimmock, Pa., whose grandfather and namesake had raised money for Laura Towne; George Foster Peabody, native of Georgia, who made his fortune in New York and then became a noted if eccentric philanthropist; Henry Wilder Foote, Unitarian minister of Boston and other pulpits; L. Hollingsworth Wood, Quaker, New York attorney, and leader in the National Urban League; Isabella Curtis, the school's publicist in Boston; and Harold Evans, their banker in Philadelphia. Cooley and House also cultivated the friendship of men in various philanthropic foundations interested in African American education: the General Education Board; the Slater Fund; the Rosenwald Fund; the Phelps-Stokes Fund; and the multimillionaire Arthur Curtiss James. With this help, they turned Penn into a model African American school.

Cooley and House applied to their work two principles of progressive education: learning for living and learning by doing. While Laura Towne and Ellen Murray believed in academic education and teacher training as the cornerstones of African American advancement, Rossa B. Cooley and Grace B. House emphasized vocational training, especially in agriculture, and the preparation of African Americans to lead more satisfying and productive lives within their own community. For the execution of their broad vision, they extended their sphere of influence out from the Penn School campus over the whole of Saint Helena Island, which they treated as one school-farm-community. They established a credit co-operative for local farmers; worked with South Carolina State College in teacher-training programs; and carried out plans for improving practically every aspect of the lives of the African American yeomanry, including better homes, modern child care, new cash crops, scientific farming methods, and moral, religious, medical and cultural uplift.

The depth and breadth of their efforts brought Penn School to the attention of educators, journalists, sociologists, philanthropists, missionaries, and a number of socially prominent people. Numerous visitors to Saint Helena helped spread the reputation of Penn School and its gospel not only among Americans interested in African American education, but also to many foreign missionaries and colonial officials, especially in British territories in southern Africa and India.

Not all of the efforts of Rossa B. Cooley and Grace B. House bore fruit and many plans and projects proved to be unworkable for the Island population. But their limited success at the school and on the Island must be set against a background of economic conditions that severely circumscribed the realization of their vision. There were devastating hurricanes in 1911 and 1940, and the arrival of the boll weevil in 1918 destroyed forever the strain of long-staple cotton upon which the income of the Sea Island farmers was based. Difficult economic conditions were accompanied by the continuing exodus of African American people from their Island farms to towns on the mainland and the cities of the North. This out-migration increased during the two world wars and the completion of the bridge between the Island and Beaufort in 1927 made it easy for the people of Saint Helena to leave home. The declining population and the departure of the school's graduates further handicapped the work of Cooley and House.

The principals of Penn School could not continue their experiment on the Island when local conditions presented so many obstacles. Nor, by the late 1930s, did the promotional and fund-raising activities to which Cooley had dedicated so much effort meet the financial needs of the school. The two women were growing old, and by 1940 the trustees were looking for a new pair of principals.

Although Rossa B. Cooley and Grace B. House resisted efforts to retire them, the board of trustees in 1944 appointed two white southerners, Howard "Buck" Kester and his wife Alice, as the new principal and assistant principal. A minister by training, a Christian socialist, and disciple of Reinhold Niebuhr, Howard Kester had worked actively for social and spiritual change in the South, especially with the Southern Tenant Farmers Union and the Fellowship of Southern Churchmen. The Kesters sought to maintain the traditions that their predecessors had established at Penn School and, at the same time, involve the school in a larger way with the changes in race relations then taking place in the South and elsewhere.

In spite of their good intentions, the Kesters provoked resentment from those at Penn School who preferred the ways of Cooley and House, who still lived nearby at Ndulamo, their retirement home. Nor could the Kesters solve the economic problems facing the school. In 1947, the Kesters resigned, and Howard Kester resumed his Fellowship of Southern Churchmen duties in 1948.

Before the departure of the Kesters, the Penn School board of trustees had appointed a committee, headed by the noted Atlanta University sociologist Ira De A. Reid, to study the school and to make recommendations for its future. Reid argued in his report that Penn School should relinquish its academic responsibilities and concentrate its work on community services. The trustees accepted Reid's findings, and in 1948 the students at the school were taken into the South Carolina public schools.

After 86 years, the Penn School of Laura Towne, Ellen Murray, Rossa B. Cooley, and Grace B. House was no more. The trustees renamed the corporation Penn Community Services and dedicated it to "community planning and improvement, sanitation and health, recreation and sport, and mental and spiritual hygiene."

In 1950, the trustees appointed Courtney Siceloff the first director of Penn Community Services, a position he held until 1970. During Siceloff's time as director, the Penn Community Services site was widely used as a conference center for organizations hoping to advance African-American causes or to support equality, education, welfare, and other social issues. While serving as director, Siceloff also served as a Regional Consultant for the United States Commission on Civil Rights, Southern Regional Office, and then, beginning in 1960 and continuing until around 1970, as secretary for the South Carolina Advisory Committee to the Commission.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The Penn School papers consist chiefly of office files from the African American school and community center on Saint Helena Island, S.C. Correspondence is primarily of Rossa B. Cooley, Grace B. House, and later Howard Kester. There is also correspondence of trustees, treasurers, and publicity workers located elsewhere. Materials relate to the day-to-day administration of the school and its program. Included are letters dealing with the purchase of supplies and equipment; planning and construction of new buildings, especially Cope Industrial Building in 1912 and Frissell Memorial Community Building in 1925; hiring and assignment of personnel; development of the school curriculum and programs; and the festivals, clubs and contests sponsored by the school that involved the entire community. There are also financial statements and other reports; scattered lists of faculty, students, and contributors to the school; correspondence about fund-raising and promotional campaigns; and articles and speeches about the school by Cooley, House, and others.

Although the work at Penn was carried out by African American teachers for the benefit of African American students and farmers on Saint Helena Island, it was the white principals and trustees who generated and maintained most of the written records found here. While these papers offer a great opportunity to examine the life and history of an African American school in an African American community, it is necessary to note that the greatest part of the literary remains of Penn School was created by and written from the point of view of the white philanthropists who directed the work of the school.

Materials document the influence of Penn School far beyond the Sea Islands. There is a substantial body of correspondence with philanthropic and educational organizations, magazine editors, and others interested in the work of Penn School as a model for African American education. Included also are letters from local, state, and federal officials with whom Cooley and House worked, especially on problems of agriculture, health, sanitation, and education.

The quantity of materials for any particular year or period tends to vary directly with the age of the school. There is very little material for the early years, indeed not much at all for the almost four decades of Laura Towne's principalship except among the volumes. Starting with the turn of the 20th century, however, there is a steady increase in the amount of material, which becomes especially heavy in the late 1930s and early 1940s. Material related to Penn Community Services, the institution established after Penn School's transformation in 1950, can be found in the Addition of 2005, Series 8.

Among the volumes are copies of letters and diaries of Laura Towne and Arthur Sumner, 1861-1895; trustee minutes, 1900-1948; account books, inventories and other financial records, 1901-1960; records of the Industrial Committee, Co-operative Society, Corn Club, Better Homes Contest and other school and community organizations; and lists of both students and teachers as well as two guest books. Also included are selected printed materials: annual reports from 1890 to 1947, promotional literature, and newspaper and magazine articles.

The approximately 3,000 photographs, the earliest of which date from the 1860s and the latest from 1962, are an important part of the collection. Photographs are fewest during the years 1862-1890 and 1948-1962. Most of them date from 1905 to 1944, the tenure of Cooley and House as teachers and principals. They are found chiefly in 21 photograph albums, nine of which seem to have been assembled by the principals for display. Photographs (and some drawings) document school activities, Island scenes and Islanders, classes and teachers, baptisms, agricultural activities, parades, fairs, and special events at the Penn School.

Sound recordings are chiefly oral history interviews from the 1970s. Films document community activities in the 1970s.

The Addition of 2005, contains papers of Courtney Siceloff, director of Penn Community Services, 1950-1970, and secretary of the South Carolina Advisory Committee of the United States Commission on Civil Rights, circa 1960-1970. Penn Community Services materials include administrative notes, minutes, pamphlets, reports, correspondence, and historical information relating to general administration and to committees and properties. There are also financial materials, including statements, receipts, invoices, budgets, correspondence, memos, financial reports, returned checks, and tax information, mostly 1952-1970. Information on other organizations and programs includes pamphlets, clippings, correspondence, and other items. Material relating to the United States Commission on Civil Rights and its state advisory committees, especially the South Carolina Advisory Committee, includes correspondence, reports, pamphlets, notes, minutes, and clippings. There is also some information about specific discrimination cases brought before the South Carolina Advisory Committee relating to poverty, education, school integration, housing discrimination, urban renewal, employment practices, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and discrimination in hospital and health facilities.

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Contents list

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1. General Materials, 1863-1976 and undated.
1.1. Early Years, 1863-1906.
1.2. New Beginning, 1907-1917.
1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930.
1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941.
1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976.
1.6. Undated Materials.
1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951.
2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated.
3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977.
4. Photographs, 1860s-1962.
4.1. Photograph Albums, 1899-1944.
Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905
Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)
Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905
Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s
Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909
Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911
Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906
Photograph Album 85: 1904-1912
Photograph Album 86: 1906-1912
Photograph Album 87: 1907-1923
Photograph Album 88: St. Helena Marshes, circa 1911
Photograph Album 89: 1911-1912
Photograph Album 90: 1912-1915
Photograph Album 91: 1916-1922
Photograph Album 92: 1922-1924
Photograph Album 93: 1922-1928
Photograph Album 94: 1924-1928
Photograph Album 95: 1928-1931
Photograph Album 96: 1929-1934
Photograph Album 97: 1930-1932
Photograph Album 98: 1937-1944
Photograph album (Addition of September 2011 (Accession 101490)), circa 1907-1923.
4.2. Unmounted Photographs, 1899-1944.
4.2.1. 19th-Century Photographs.
4.2.2. Published Photographs.
4.2.3. Photographs by Leigh Richmond Miner.
4.2.4. Photographs by Margaret Noyes.
4.2.5. Photographs, 1900-1919.
4.2.6. Photographs, 1920-1929.
4.2.7. Photographs, 1930-1939.
4.2.8. Photographs, 1940-1962.
4.2.9. Additional Photographs, 1940s and undated.
4.3. Duplicate Photographs.
4.3.1. Numbered Duplicates of Images in Albums.
4.3.2. Numbered Duplicates of Unmounted Photographs.
4.3.3. Duplicates Not Numbered/Images Not Filmed.
5. Microfilm.
6. Sound Recordings, 1954-1979 and undated.
7. Films, 1973-1974.
8. Courtney Siceloff Papers (Addition of June 2005 (Acc. 100102)), 1926-2004 and undated (bulk) 1950-1970.
8.1. Penn Community Services, 1926-2004, bulk 1950-1970.
8.1.1. Administrative Material, 1933-2004 and undated (bulk 1944-1978).
8.1.2. Financial Material, 1926-1977 and undated (bulk 1952-1970).
8.1.3. Other Organizations, 1951-1970.
8.2. United States Commission on Civil Rights, 1957-1970.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. General Materials, 1863-1976 and undated.

About 9,000 items.

The following description is based on the Guide to the Microfilm Edition of the Penn School Papers, 1862-1976 (1977).

Correspondence and related materials make up most of this series. Note that bills and receipts are in a separate chronological run at the end of the series.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.1. Early Years, 1863-1906.

Correspondence begins in 1863, but only a handful of letters survive from that year. Two letters are of special interest: Captain Edward Hooper commented, 23 February 1863, on the condition of the freedmen, and Henry Lowndes, apparently a former slave, 9 October 1863.

From 1872 through 1877, there is a series of more than 50 letters from Laura Towne to Francis R. Cope (the elder). Most of this correspondence deals with financial arrangements for the support of the school, for which Cope was the chief agent, but Towne also wrote, 13 July 1874 and 27 November 1874, about general political conditions in South Carolina. At the end of reconstruction, there is a set of letters from Towne to Cope describing the local activities of the Ku Klux Klan, the faith of the freedmen in the federal government, and their fear of losing the lands they owned and worked. These letters to Cope supplement the material published in Letters and Diary of Laura M. Towne (1912).

Papers for the final years of Ellen Murray's tenure are scant, including only a small number of letters and manuscript annual reports. Her report to the trustees in 1906, which marked the end of more than 40 years of service to the school, contains a statement of her education philosophy and program.

Three letters of recommendation written for Grace B. House by professors at Columbia University Teachers College in 1900 and a copy of the [1901?] by-laws of the Penn Normal, Industrial and Agricultural School signal the slow start of the regime of Rossa B. Cooley and Grace B. House. A letter, 25 July 1903, from Robert D. Jenks to Rossa B. Cooley marks the first appearance of the woman who would be the dominant figure at the school for the next 40 years. There is also one letter, 14 July 1904, from Frances Butler, the Hampton teacher who accompanied Rossa B. Cooley as her assistant and who died a few months after arriving on Saint Helena.

For additional information on the early years of Penn School see also the correspondence in 1912, the 50th anniversary of the school, undated materials, printed materials, and volumes 1-5.

Folder 1a

1863, 1872-1873 #03615, Subseries: "1.1. Early Years, 1863-1906." Folder 1a

Folder 1b

1874-1875 #03615, Subseries: "1.1. Early Years, 1863-1906." Folder 1b

Folder 1c

1876-1900 #03615, Subseries: "1.1. Early Years, 1863-1906." Folder 1c

Folder 1d

1901-1902 #03615, Subseries: "1.1. Early Years, 1863-1906." Folder 1d

Folder 2a

January-May, 1903 #03615, Subseries: "1.1. Early Years, 1863-1906." Folder 2a

Folder 2b

June-December, 1903 #03615, Subseries: "1.1. Early Years, 1863-1906." Folder 2b

Folder 2c

1904 #03615, Subseries: "1.1. Early Years, 1863-1906." Folder 2c

Folder 3

1905-1906 #03615, Subseries: "1.1. Early Years, 1863-1906." Folder 3

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.2. New Beginning, 1907-1917.

Many of the papers for this decade are the records and correspondence of the school's treasurer, George Foster Peabody, who served Penn School in many capacities until his death in 1938. Other trustees who were correspondents in this period include Francis R. Cope, Jr. (Frank), the grandson of Laura Towne's friend; Henry Wilder Foote, the Unitarian minister; Robert Darrah Jenks, Laura Towne's great-nephew; James R. Macdonald, a Saint Helena merchant; Hollis Burke Frissell, the first chair of the board of trustees; and Alfred Collins Maule, a Philadelphia Quaker who for years was in charge of publicity and fund-raising for Penn School.

Throughout her years at Penn School, Rossa B. Cooley concentrated much of her efforts on fund-raising and publicity. In a 1907 letter she referred to Leigh Richmond Miner from Hampton Institute whose photographs she later used extensively in publicity. By 1914, Paul U. Kellogg, the editor of Survey and later Survey Graphic, had become interested in the work of Penn School. Thereafter, there is correspondence with him as well as drafts of articles written for Survey Graphic and other magazines, beginning with a 1916 article, "How Freedom Came to Big Pa," by Grace B. House. For copies of this and other articles see printed materials.

The principals and trustees had contacts with agents of several foundations especially interested in the education of African Americans in the American South, including the John F. Slater Fund and Phelps-Stokes Fund. In 1915, Julius Rosenwald, patron of African American education, wrote to Cooley, and in 1916 there are general lists of contributors to Penn School. Jackson Davis and his colleague Trevor Arnett, both of the Rockefeller General Education Board, were among the most helpful friends of the school. A letter of 1917 marks the beginning of Davis's long association with the school. For additional information on fund-raising during these years see volume 22 and printed materials.

Among the school and community programs begun by Cooley and House during this period, agriculture took priority. In 1909, Seaman A. Knapp wrote Cooley about starting agricultural extension work on Saint Helena, and in 1911, Joseph Enoch Blanton, later president of Voorhees College, became supervisor of industrial education at Penn School as well as county agent. On 30 November 1912, he wrote at length to the United States Department of Agriculture about the progress in his program of demonstration work. There are also letters from Juno Washington, who was born a slave and became an early student and later an agricultural teacher at Penn School.

On 27 August 1911, a devastating hurricane struck Saint Helena, and there is considerable material dealing with the storm and its aftermath, including the campaign for relief funds. As part of these efforts, Penn School, with the help of trustee L. Hollingsworth Wood, organized the Saint Helena Co-operative Society to furnish credit to the farmers on the Island. In each year for the next two decades, there are numerous applications for loans from the Society. These application forms, along with the Society's records, found in volumes 30-32, 41, and 43, and in the undated and printed materials, contain a good deal of information about life on the Island's small farms.

Two other important developments followed in the wake of the hurricane. Construction of the Cope Industrial Building, begun before the hurricane and financed by the General Education Board, offered work relief for Island residents and later provided new facilities for the school's shops, which became increasingly important as the new curriculum developed. In 1912, Penn School for the first time required vocational competence as well as academic skills for graduation. An upper division was added to provide the necessary additional training.

1912 marked the 50th anniversary of Penn School and the attendant celebrations generated much fund-raising activity and publicity. There is also some correspondence with men and women active in the 1860s, including abolitionists William Channing Gannett, Harriet Ware, and Helen M. Philbrick, and Robert Smalls, the onetime slave who had become a local Civil War hero and member of Congress. Harriet Ware wrote on 19 March 1912 of her recollection of the first reading of the Emancipation Proclamation on 1 January 1863.

There are also drafts of the article Grace B. House wrote on the anniversary celebrations for the Southern Workman. Other prominent correspondents at this time include Ray Stannard Baker, the progressive journalist; Samuel Chiles Mitchell, president of the University of South Carolina; Helen C. Jenks, Laura Towne's niece; Ethel Paine, a new member of the board of trustees; and Willis D. Weatherford and James Hardy Dillard, two leading southern white participants in the interracial movement.

Although seldom directly involved in politics, Penn School did maintain contacts with the government of South Carolina and the larger world. In 1911, for example, agitation began for the bridge to the mainland, which the principals of Penn School opposed in vain until its completion in 1927. W. C. Gannett expressed his fears, 12 May 1914, about the proposed South Carolina law that could prohibit white teachers from instructing African American students. In 1914 and 1915, Rossa B. Cooley carried on correspondence with J. LaBruce Ward, a South Carolina public health officer, dealing with the problems of typhoid and hookworm on the Sea Islands.

The school in 1917 went on a year-round schedule geared to local agricultural cycles, and all teachers became home visitors. The papers thereafter, including letters of Benjamin Barnwell, a graduate of the school who took charge of the school farm in 1916, reports on "Home Corn Acres," reviews of the "Model Acre," and minutes of agricultural meetings, document the increasing emphasis on agricultural education. Within the community, the faculty of Penn School took the lead in the foundation of Homemakers' Club, Corn Club, YMCA-YWCA, and other organizations, and in 1916 representatives of these organizations along with the school principals, local ministers, and the Island doctor formed a Community Council to coordinate the work of this expanded classroom. See also volume 33.

The first decade of Cooley and House ended on a somber note with the death in 1917 of Hollis Burke Frissell, chair of the board of trustees, who had inspired and guided so much of their work.

Folder 4

1907-1909 #03615, Subseries: "1.2. New Beginning, 1907-1917." Folder 4

Folder 5

1910-1911 #03615, Subseries: "1.2. New Beginning, 1907-1917." Folder 5

Folder 6

January-February, 1912 #03615, Subseries: "1.2. New Beginning, 1907-1917." Folder 6

Folder 7

March, 1912 #03615, Subseries: "1.2. New Beginning, 1907-1917." Folder 7

Folder 8

April, 1912 #03615, Subseries: "1.2. New Beginning, 1907-1917." Folder 8

Folder 9

May-December, 1912 #03615, Subseries: "1.2. New Beginning, 1907-1917." Folder 9

Folder 10

January-February, 1913 #03615, Subseries: "1.2. New Beginning, 1907-1917." Folder 10

Folder 11

March-December, 1913 #03615, Subseries: "1.2. New Beginning, 1907-1917." Folder 11

Folder 12a

January-February, 1914 #03615, Subseries: "1.2. New Beginning, 1907-1917." Folder 12a

Folder 12b

March-June, 1914 #03615, Subseries: "1.2. New Beginning, 1907-1917." Folder 12b

Folder 13

July-December, 1914 #03615, Subseries: "1.2. New Beginning, 1907-1917." Folder 13

Folder 14

1915 #03615, Subseries: "1.2. New Beginning, 1907-1917." Folder 14

Folder 15a

1916 #03615, Subseries: "1.2. New Beginning, 1907-1917." Folder 15a

Folder 15b

1917 #03615, Subseries: "1.2. New Beginning, 1907-1917." Folder 15b

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930.

From 1918 to 1931, Cooley and House were able to further the development of Penn School and at the same time spread their program as the model for African American education far beyond the Island. Although World War I, the destruction of the cotton agriculture by the boll weevil, and the completion of the bridge to the mainland in 1927 spurred out-migration, Cooley and House continued to expand the role of the school within the community and undertook new fund-raising and publicity campaigns, culminating in the dedication of the Frissell Memorial Community Building in 1925 and the publication of Homes of the Freed in 1924 and School Acres in 1930. They also welcomed to the school visitors from Africa and elsewhere, including three sociologists who undertook a detailed study of the school and community in 1928.

There is a good deal of material, mainly in 1918, about World War I. The United States Marine Corps developed a training camp on Parris Island, next door to Saint Helena, and the Red Cross was active in civilian war work on the home front. Robert Russa Moton of Tuskegee Institute and Anson Phelps Stokes of the Phelps-Stokes Fund wrote Cooley about matters relating to the war. She and George Foster Peabody interceded with the Draft Exemption Board on behalf of local men. There are also letters from Penn School students and graduates, including D. Cook Jones, Ceasar Wright, and Benjamin Barnwell, in army training camps or with the American Expeditionary Force in France. On Armistice Day, Cooley wrote to James P. King, who later replaced Joshua Blanton as superintendent of industrial education at Penn School, of "this Great Day."

Along with the war came the boll weevil, which destroyed the long-staple cotton agriculture which had been the economic mainstay of the Island. In 1919, there is a report on the advance of the boll weevil throughout the South. In 1920, Cooley wrote Arthur Curtiss James, the railroad magnate who made semi-annual contributions of $2,500 to the school, that it had been an "intense and difficult year." The papers contain a good deal about the effort to find a replacement for cotton as the staple crop of the Islands. People at Penn School were especially interested in growing peanuts.

The farmers of Saint Helena often risked losing their lands for non-payment of taxes, and there is considerable material on efforts to save the lands of the African American yeomanry. William H. Mills of Clemson College, one of the first white southerners to serve as a trustee of the school, devoted much of his time and agricultural expertise to help the people of the Island.

To halt the migration precipitated by the agricultural crisis, Cooley and House expanded their efforts to improve the quality of life on the Island and to secure funds to expand the role of the school. From 1918 to 1925, they conducted a major campaign to raise funds for a building, dedicated to Hollis Burke Frissell, to house their community activities. Included is correspondence with Thomas Jesse Jones of the Phelps-Stokes Fund, J. H. Dillard of the John F. Slater Fund, and Wallace Buttrick of the General Education Board. See also volume 48. The building was dedicated on Founders Day in April 1925.

In 1925, supporters of the school began establishing Penn School Clubs at Vassar College, New York City, Philadelphia, Boston, and elsewhere, and there is much correspondence between the principals and club officers. Of particular interest is the Penn School Club of New York City, made up of emigrants from Saint Helena in Harlem, who regularly contributed scholarship funds for students at the school. Rosa Long provided, 17 October 1927, a membership list of the club. See also volume 42, records of the Penn School Club of Boston, 1918-1922, and club year books among the printed materials.

Others with whom Cooley corresponded about fund-raising include James E. Gregg, who succeeded Hollis B. Frissell at Hampton Institute and on the Penn School board of trustees; George Foster Peabody, who tried, 17 August 1926, to interest John D. Rockefeller and Henry Ford in one of his favorite philanthropies; Hollingsworth Wood, who sent Cooley a draft, 26 January 1927, of his letter to the General Education Board outlining the financial needs of Penn School; Alfred R. Stern of the Rosenwald Fund, who indicated in September 1927 that the fund would provide money for building a school at Coffin Point on the Island; and Arthur Curtiss James, who sent $500 for a new barn in March 1929.

Along with their fund-raising, Cooley and House worked to obtain greater public recognition for the achievements of Penn School. Ambrose E. Gonzales, editor of the Columbia, S.C., State, featured articles about the school in his newspaper and offered prizes for the annual farmers' fair. Beginning in 1923, Cooley published a series of articles on her work in the Survey Graphic, and she received letters about these articles from its editor Paul Kellogg and from readers who liked what she had written. In 1926, Homes of the Freed, a collection of her articles, was published, and there are a number of letters from Countee Cullen of Opportunity; David Mebane of the New Republic, which published the book; and others congratulating her. Copies of the articles and the book are among the printed materials. Also in 1926, Henry Wilder Foote, Isabella Curtis, a Boston trustee of the school, and Margaret McCulloch, a white woman long active in the interracial movement, helped organize a northern tour for the Penn School Quartet to attract attention and money to the school.

Although they devoted much time to fund-raising and publicity, Cooley and House did not neglect their vision of an expanded role for the school on the Island. Using the Frissell Memorial Community Building as a base, they established a number of new school programs between 1918 and 1930. In 1920, the school held its first Baby Day to educate mothers about child care and to evaluate the health of each baby. Much attention was also given to the National Better Homes Campaigns, which were held every year across the nation. From 1922 to 1924, Penn School won third, second, and a special first prize in these national contests. There is a letter, 5 July 1924, from Calvin Coolidge congratulating Penn School on its prize in the contest, along with other correspondence and reports. See also volumes 50B and 50C.

During the years of national prohibition, the principals, particularly House, were active in reporting illegal stills to the federal enforcement officials, who did not share her enthusiasm for the crusade against alcohol. On temperance work, see also volumes 27 and 40. Cooley was more successful in the effort, aided by money from the Rosenwald Fund, to increase state expenditures for the public school on Saint Helena. Beginning in 1926, there are reports on the public schools of the Island made by Maud J. Sanders, a traveling supervisory teacher.

There is also considerable material on other projects of Penn School on the farms and in the homes of Saint Helena Island: in January 1927, a short history of community health work; in late 1928 and early 1929, a number of reports on student farm plots; in November 1929, a list of home visits made by the county teacher during Potato Week; and, for 1930, the report of the Corn Club. See also volumes 49, 50A, and 50D, records of Penn student clubs.

Scattered throughout the papers for these years are comments on the status of African Americans and race relations. J. P. King told an insurance agent on 14 July 1923 that it was "not necessary to put the word 'colored' on mail addressed to us in order for us to receive it." George Foster Peabody sent out a series of letters, 8 October 1923, inquiring about racial ideas, South and North. In April 1924, L. Hollingsworth Wood wrote revealingly of his own racial attitudes. Mabel Carney, professor at Columbia Teachers College, discussed on 16 March 1925, the Hampton-Tuskegee fund-raising drive and the course she was teaching on African American education. In October and November 1925, several students wrote brief essays on the aims of Penn School. In August 1928, Hollingsworth Wood inquired about the possibility of African American trustees and Robert Russa Moton agreed in February 1929 to serve on the Penn School Board.

In the late 1920s, Margaret C. McCulloch replaced the two principals of Penn School when they each took a year's sabbatical in Europe, and there is considerable correspondence with her. Especially interesting is the description of Penn School in McCulloch's letter, 15 September 1927, to Alice Busbee.

In 1918, Gregorio Torres Quintero, a Mexican specialist in rural education who visited Saint Helena, wrote about his visit to Cooley. He was the first of many visitors to Penn School in the 1920s to record their impressions of the school. Many were missionaries about to report to stations in Africa and elsewhere who hoped to apply the principles and practices of Penn School in other countries. Of particular interest are the letters in 1925 from Emory Ross, African missionary and friend of Albert Schweitzer; a discussion in May 1926 by Mabel Carney of the influence of Penn School in Africa; letters in 1926 and 1928 from Charles T. Loram, a professor of education who taught in South Africa and later at Yale; material about the 1928 visit of Winold Reiss, a German-born artist who executed unusual portraits of the Island people; and a form letter to contributors, June 1930, in which Cooley spoke of teaching at Penn School. See also volume 65B, guest register 1905-1962, and reports by African visitors among the printed materials.

In 1927 and 1928, two sociologists and a historian from the University of North Carolina carried out extensive research on Saint Helena Island. Thomas J. Woofter, Jr., who headed the group, discussed with Cooley the proposed study, which was sponsored by the Social Science Research Council and the Institute for Research in the Social Sciences at Chapel Hill, and sent her a copy of his proposal, "Saint Helena Island: A Study of Negro Culture and Social Development." There is also correspondence with the other two scholars, Guy B. Johnson and Guion Griffis Johnson, and a considerable amount of statistical data on the families and schools of Saint Helena. Much of this material seems to have come from the 1920 census. Another aspect of this research was carried out in New York City, where Clyde V. Kiser studied Saint Helena people who had resettled in Harlem and Brooklyn. There is also correspondence between Cooley and University of North Carolina sociologist E. C. Branson after Cooley's visit to Chapel Hill in 1927.

Cooley wrote a second series of articles for Survey Graphic that were illustrated by the paintings of Winold Reiss, and in 1930 the Yale University Press published School Acres: An Adventure in Rural Education, her second book. There are a number of letters about the book from Roscoe Conkling Bruce, son of Senator Blanche K. Bruce, editor of Dunbar News ; Jackson Davis, who wrote Paul Kellogg about placing copies of the book in the libraries of all the Rosenwald schools; and others.

On 13 February 1930, there was a dinner in New York City celebrating the 25th anniversary of the arrival of Cooley and House at Penn School. Francis Cope, Jr., spoke at the dinner, and there is an outline of his remarks in the papers. Cooley wrote the Rosenwald Fund on 10 April 1930 that it had been "a splendid year."

Folder 16

January-February, 1918 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 16

Folder 17

March-May, 1918 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 17

Folder 18

June-December, 1918 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 18

Folder 19

1919 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 19

Folder 20

January-March, 1920 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 20

Folder 21

April-December, 1920 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 21

Folder 22

January-February, 1921 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 22

Folder 23

March-December, 1921 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 23

Folder 24

January-August, 1922 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 24

Folder 25

September-December, 1922 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 25

Folder 26

January-March, 1923 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 26

Folder 27

April-May, 1923 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 27

Folder 28

June-August, 1923 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 28

Folder 29

September-October, 1923 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 29

Folder 30

1923 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 30

Folder 31

1924 (undated) #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 31

Folder 32

January, 1924 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 32

Folder 33

February-March, 1924 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 33

Folder 34

April-July, 1924 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 34

Folder 35

August-December, 1924 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 35

Folder 36

January, 1925 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 36

Folder 37

February-March, 1925 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 37

Folder 38

April-June, 1925 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 38

Folder 39

July-December, 1925 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 39

Folder 40

January-June, 1926 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 40

Folder 41a

July, 1926 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 41a

Folder 41b

August, 1926 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 41b

Folder 42

September-October, 1926 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 42

Folder 43

November, 1926 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 43

Folder 44

December, 1926 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 44

Folder 45

January, 1927 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 45

Folder 46

February-April, 1927 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 46

Folder 47

May-September, 1927 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 47

Folder 48

October, 1927 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 48

Folder 49a

1-10 November, 1927 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 49a

Folder 49b

11-30 November, 1927 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 49b

Folder 50

December, 1927 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 50

Folder 51a

1928: Penn Survey (part A) #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 51a

Folder 51b

1928: Penn Survey (part B) #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 51b

Folder 52

January-February, 1928 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 52

Folder 53

March-September, 1928 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 53

Folder 54

October-December, 1928 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 54

Folder 55

January-March, 1929 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 55

Folder 56

April-July, 1929 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 56

Folder 57

August-December, 1929 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 57

Folder 58a

January, 1930 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 58a

Folder 58b

February-April, 1930 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 58b

Folder 59

May-October, 1930 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 59

Folder 60a

November, 1930 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 60a

Folder 60b

December, 1930 #03615, Subseries: "1.3. Years of Calm, 1918-1930." Folder 60b

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941.

Most of the correspondence for the 1930s reflects the economic distress of the Great Depression, which hurt Penn School most through the reduced financial resources of its leading supporters. In 1931, Penn was forced to abandon its year-round schedule. In October 1931, there is a poignant series of notes, apparently one from each member of the Penn School staff, accepting a voluntary five percent reduction in salary, and in October 1933, there is a salary list with reductions of up to 25 percent. Later some industrial courses were discontinued, and in 1937 there is an outline of the revised curriculum.

Cooley wrote to the trustees, especially L. Hollingsworth Wood, and others about obtaining additional funds. Her correspondents included Arthur Curtiss James, J. H. Dillard, John H. Towne, Jackson Davis, Trevor Arnett, and W. W. Brierley of the General Education Board, Ralph S. Rounds of the Keith Fund, Edwin R. Embree of the Rosenwald Fund, Frederick M. Keppel and Robert M. Lester of the Carnegie Corporation, and Edward T. Esty of the Alden Trust. Of particular interest is the campaign in 1937-1938, in conjunction with the school's 75th anniversary, for a sustaining fund. See also volume 55.

There are scattered letters from Islanders describing economic difficulties, including Benjamin Barnwell, July-August 1932 and January 1933, and Ethel K. Bailey, wife of the Island physician, who in a letter, July 1935, described her anxiety over the future of Saint Helena. Also in 1935 is a letter from W. Brantley Harvey to Senator James F. Byrnes about the relief rolls in Beaufort County and a list of local families in danger of losing their land for non-payment of taxes.

For help in developing new crops and in obtaining federal relief funds, Cooley turned to W. H. Mills of Clemson College. Mills's letters appear throughout the decade, including comments, September 1933, on the work of the Resettlement Administration; a letter, March 1935, to Harold Evans indicating his support for the Wagner-Costigan anti-lynching bill; and a letter, November 1938, about the ruins on another of the Sea Islands. There is also information on the anti-lynching bill in January 1934.

Penn School throughout this period sought the aid of various New Deal agencies, especially those concerned with rural relief and development. There is correspondence with rural relief administrators, including Rexford Guy Tugwell, R. H. Hudgens, R. F. Kolb, James C. Derieux, and T. J. Woofter. In 1935, there is information on the Saint Helena Island Rehabilitation Project, including lists of applicants for work on the project, and in 1936, correspondence about Resettlement Administration proposals for the Sea Islands.

On 15 November 1937, Clarence C. Pickett, executive secretary of the American Friends Service Committee, wrote Eleanor Roosevelt introducing Rossa B. Cooley, although Cooley was unable to have an interview with Roosevelt because of schedule conflicts. Roosevelt's secretary corresponded from 1939 through 1940 about placing an orphan boy at Penn.

In the midst of its financial crisis, Penn faced another challenge when South Carolina raised its requirements for teacher certification. In 1932, Cooley asked James H. Hope, the state superintendent of education, about accreditation and teacher training at the school, and in 1933 announced the accrediting of the 12th year of work at Penn. In 1936, however, Penn was forced to turn over its teacher training work to South Carolina State College at Orangeburg with which Penn thereafter operated a co-operative program financed in part by the General Education Board. There is material about the program, including correspondence with Raymond Fosdick of the General Education Board in 1940 and with Mabel Carney of Columbia University Teachers College and Jane Ellen McAllister of Miner Teachers College in Washington, D.C., about the Rural Teachers Institute held at Penn in March 1941. See also "Guide to Cooperative Teacher Training Program" in the printed materials.

In August 1940, a hurricane, the greatest storm of its kind to hit Saint Helena Island since 1893, struck Penn School. The intensity of the storm and the repair of damage were the major topics of interest at the school throughout that year and well into 1941. Of special interest are the nearly 200 essays written by the students of Penn, mostly in the form of letters to the principals, dealing with the Great Hurricane Storm of 11 August 1940. These essays are a rare example of the work of Penn School students.

In spite of the setbacks and problems, Cooley and House remained optimistic. Cooley wrote in December 1937 that "the influence of Penn School seems to go farther and farther steadily, and ... to be making a deep dent on attitudes toward Negro education." There is continued correspondence from visitors including W. D. Weatherford in 1931 and 1934; Charles T. Loram in 1932; Albert Bushnell Hart, who had visited Penn 30 years earlier in 1933; Will Alexander in 1934; Edgar T. Thompson in 1936; and Gunnar Myrdal in 1939.

The work of publicizing the school also continued. Of particular interest is correspondence in 1934 about the performance of the Penn School Quartet at the British Embassy in Washington, D.C., arranged by Elizabeth Lindsay, wife of the British ambassador and a native of Saint Helena. There are also letters from writers and students interested in the school; an essay by Cooley in 1937 on "Vassar Influence on the Sea Islands of South Carolina"; and letters from John A. Silver, a new trustee, who in June 1938 suggested making a motion picture about Penn School as a fund-raising project.

The film, later called To Live as Free Man, was to prove a final tribute to the work of Cooley and House, for the search had already begun for new leaders to take over the direction of Penn School. Correspondence among Francis Cope, L. Hollingsworth Wood, James E. Gregg, Isabella Curtis, and other trustees about a new principal begins in 1941 and continues for several years.

Folder 61a

January, 1931 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 61a

Folder 61b

February-March, 1931 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 61b

Folder 62

April-May, 1931 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 62

Folder 63a

June-September, 1931 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 63a

Folder 63b

October, 1931 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 63b

Folder 64

November-December, 1931 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 64

Folder 65

January, 1932 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 65

Folder 66

February-March, 1932 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 66

Folder 67a

April-May, 1932 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 67a

Folder 67b

June, 1932 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 67b

Folder 68a

July-October, 1932 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 68a

Folder 68b

November-December, 1932 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 68b

Folder 69a

January, 1933 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 69a

Folder 69b

February-May, 1933 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 69b

Folder 70a

June-August, 1933 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 70a

Folder 70b

September-October, 1933 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 70b

Folder 71

November-December, 1933 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 71

Folder 72a

January, 1934 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 72a

Folder 72b

February-March, 1934 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 72b

Folder 73

April-September, 1934 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 73

Folder 74

October-December, 1934 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 74

Folder 75

January-February, 1935 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 75

Folder 76

March-May, 1935 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 76

Folder 77

June-August, 1935 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 77

Folder 78

September-October, 1935 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 78

Folder 79

November-December, 1935 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 79

Folder 80

January-February, 1936 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 80

Folder 81

March-April, 1936 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 81

Folder 82

May-July, 1936 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 82

Folder 83

August-December, 1936 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 83

Folder 84

January-March, 1937 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 84

Folder 85

April-September, 1937 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 85

Folder 86

October-December, 1937 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 86

Folder 87

January-February, 1938 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 87

Folder 88

March-August, 1938 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 88

Folder 89

September-December, 1938 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 89

Folder 90

January-March, 1939 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 90

Folder 91

April-July, 1939 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 91

Folder 92

August-December, 1939 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 92

Folder 93

January, 1940 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 93

Folder 94

February-April, 1940 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 94

Folder 95a

May-June, 1940 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 95a

Folder 95b

July, 1940 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 95b

Folder 95c

August, 1940 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 95c

Folder 96

September-December, 1940 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 96

Folder 97a

Students' Letters, September, 1940 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 97a

Folder 97b

Students' Letters, October, 1940 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 97b

Folder 98a

January, 1941 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 98a

Folder 98b

February, 1941 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 98b

Folder 99a

3-18 March, 1941 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 99a

Folder 99b

20-31 March, 1941 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 99b

Folder 100

April, 1941 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 100

Folder 101a

May, 1941 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 101a

Folder 101b

June, 1941 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 101b

Folder 102

July, 1941 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 102

Folder 103a

August, 1941 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 103a

Folder 103b

September, 1941 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 103b

Folder 104

October, 1941 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 104

Folder 105

November-December, 1941 #03615, Subseries: "1.4. Years of Crisis, 1931-1941." Folder 105

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976.

In 1942 and 1943, there is much correspondence about To Live as Free Men , which premiered in November 1942, but the principal subject of the papers is the selection of new principals. The first reference to Howard Kester as a candidate for the position appears in a letter, 24 October 1942, from Rossa B. Cooley to Francis Cope. In May and June 1943, both Cope and L. Hollingsworth Wood expressed doubt about the Kesters as principals, but Cooley was pleased with a visit from Kester in May, and Kester wrote that he was prepared to accept the position. Included are biographical materials about Kester and letters of recommendation from Fred L. Brownlee of the American Missionary Association, Walter White of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Liston Pope of Yale Divinity School, Benjamin E. Mays of Morehouse College, A. D. Beittel of Guilford College, Mordecai W. Johnson of Howard University, and Reinhold Niebuhr of Union Theological Seminary.

According to the trustee minutes (volume 12), Howard and Alice Kester were elected principal and assistant principal on 8 July 1943. Although Cooley wrote, 18 October 1943, to Francis Cope that "this retiring business isn't so easy as I always thought it was," preparations were made for the transition to a new regime, and Howard and Alice Kester arrived on 19 December 1943.

For the next four years the Kesters brought Penn School a wide acquaintance with interracial, trade union, religious, and social reform leaders of the South and the nation. Among their regular correspondents were Liston Pope, Broadus Mitchell, Dave Burgess, H. L. Mitchell, Kirby Page, James Dombrowski, Reinhold Niebuhr, and Ursula Niebuhr. There are also letters from Walter White, Pearl S. Buck, David Lilienthal, DeWitt Wallace, Guy B. Johnson, Walter Sikes, A. Philip Randolph, William Howard Melish, Willard Uphaus, and Louis R. Wilson.

In spite of his pacifist views, Kester continued Penn School's participation in the war, but he made a number of other changes that are reflected in his first report to the trustees on 1 January 1944 and in other papers. After a land survey done by Clemson College, he reorganized the farm program and began a project to repair the school buildings, and he recruited new teachers in an effort to raise the school standards. In 1945, he secured seats on the board of trustees for Benjamin Mays and Joshua Blanton, two African American college presidents, and hired Alice Frank Merriam to run a publicity and fund-raising office in the North.

Unlike Cooley and House, who saw Penn School as a force for improving life on the Island and thus discouraging emigration, Kester saw Penn as a means of preparing its students for life in the world outside and a vehicle for promoting better relations between whites and blacks. Francis Cope, chair of the board of trustees since 1924, wrote repeatedly to his fellow trustees of his dissatisfaction with the Kesters' work and, according to a memo, 12 April 1945, by trustee John Silver, the presence of Cooley and House, who still lived nearby, caused problems for the Kesters. The personal tensions between Francis Cope and Howard Kester intensified, and in 1946, Cope resigned from the board.

A new board, led by chair William E. Cadbury, Paul Brown, Jr., Harold Evans, John Silver, and L. Hollingsworth Wood, realized in January 1948 that Penn School would have to be reorganized if it were to survive in a world of new economic and racial relationships. Ira De A. Reid of Atlanta University headed a team to study Penn School and made suggestions for its future development, and his report, submitted 19 February 1948, recommended changes in the functions and staff of the school. Howard Kester, who had resigned to return to the Fellowship of Southern Churchmen, stayed on to supervise the transition, and at the end of the 1948 school year, Penn School gave up its academic responsibilities and turned to community service, not only for the Sea Islands, but for the entire South.

On 25 January 1950, Courtney Siceloff was hired as director of Penn Community Services. With the change in name came also a new program emphasis, a new perspective toward the South, and a new leadership that is reflected in the slight, scattered papers after 1948 in this series. Researchers should also see Series 8. Courtney Siceloff Papers (Addition of 2005) for more information about Penn Community Services, especially for the years 1950 to 1970. Northern domination of the board ended in 1957, with the election of Marion A. Wright of Beaufort, S.C., as chair and James McBride Dabbs, his successor in 1963. The prime concern of Penn Community Services had become community service, not just for the Sea Islands but for the entire southern region. But the past was not forgotten, and the papers record the work of Willie Lee Rose and Edith M. Dabbs in documenting the history of Penn School and Saint Helena Island.

Folder 106a

1-5 January, 1942 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 106a

Folder 106b

6-29 January, 1942 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 106b

Folder 107a

February, 1942 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 107a

Folder 107b

March, 1942 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 107b

Folder 108a

April, 1942 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 108a

Folder 108b

May, 1942 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 108b

Folder 109a

June-August, 1942 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 109a

Folder 109b

September-October, 1942 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 109b

Folder 110

November-December, 1942 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 110

Folder 111

January, 1943 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 111

Folder 112a

February-March, 1943 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 112a

Folder 112b

April-May, 1943 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 112b

Folder 113

June, 1943 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 113

Folder 114

July-August, 1943 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 114

Folder 115a

September-October, 1943 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 115a

Folder 115b

November-December, 1943 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 115b

Folder 116

Undated Material, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 116

Folder 117a

1-8 January, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 117a

Folder 117b

9-15 January, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 117b

Folder 118a

17-24 January, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 118a

Folder 118b

25-31 January, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 118b

Folder 119a

1-10 February, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 119a

Folder 119b

11-15 February, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 119b

Folder 120a

16-23 February, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 120a

Folder 120b

24-29 February, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 120b

Folder 121

1-15 March, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 121

Folder 122

16-31 March, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 122

Folder 123

1-10 April, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 123

Folder 124a

11-14 April, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 124a

Folder 124b

11-19 April, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 124b

Folder 125

20-30 April, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 125

Folder 126a

1-9 May, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 126a

Folder 126b

10-15 May, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 126b

Folder 127a

16-20 May, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 127a

Folder 127b

22-31 May, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 127b

Folder 128

June, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 128

Folder 129a

1-15 July, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 129a

Folder 129b

17-29 July, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 129b

Folder 130

August, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 130

Folder 131a

1-12 September, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 131a

Folder 131b

13-31 September, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 131b

Folder 132

1-15 October, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 132

Folder 133

16-31 October, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 133

Folder 134

1-9 November, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 134

Folder 135

10-20 November, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 135

Folder 136

21-30 November, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 136

Folder 137

1-10 December, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 137

Folder 138

11-20 December, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 138

Folder 139

21-31 December, 1944 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 139

Folder 140

Undated Material, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 140

Folder 141

1-10 January, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 141

Folder 142

11-20 January, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 142

Folder 143

21-29 January, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 143

Folder 144

30-31 January, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 144

Folder 145

1-10 February, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 145

Folder 146

11-20 February, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 146

Folder 147

21-28 February, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 147

Folder 148

1-10 March, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 148

Folder 149

11-20 March, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 149

Folder 150

21-30 March, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 150

Folder 151

1-10 April, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 151

Folder 152

11-20 April, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 152

Folder 153

21-30 April, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 153

Folder 154

1-10 May, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 154

Folder 155

11-17 May, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 155

Folder 156

18-31 May, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 156

Folder 157

1-15 June, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 157

Folder 158

16-30 June, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 158

Folder 159

1-19 July, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 159

Folder 160

20-31 July, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 160

Folder 161

1-10 August, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 161

Folder 162

11-20 August, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 162

Folder 163

21-31 August, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 163

Folder 164

1-10 September, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 164

Folder 165

11-20 September, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 165

Folder 166

21-30 September, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 166

Folder 167

1-10 October, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 167

Folder 168

11-31 October, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 168

Folder 169

1-10 November, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 169

Folder 170

11-20 November, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 170

Folder 171

21-30 November, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 171

Folder 172

1-10 December, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 172

Folder 173

11-31 December, 1945 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 173

Folder 174

Undated Material, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 174

Folder 175

1-10 January, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 175

Folder 176

11-20 January, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 176

Folder 177

21-29 January, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 177

Folder 178

1-10 February, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 178

Folder 179

11-20 February, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 179

Folder 180

21-29 February, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 180

Folder 181

1-10 March, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 181

Folder 182

11-20 March, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 182

Folder 183

21-31 March, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 183

Folder 184

1-10 April, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 184

Folder 185

11-20 April, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 185

Folder 186

21-30 April, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 186

Folder 187

1-15 May, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 187

Folder 188

16-31 May, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 188

Folder 189

1-10 June, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 189

Folder 190

11-20 June, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 190

Folder 191

21-30 June, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 191

Folder 192

July, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 192

Folder 193

August, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 193

Folder 194

September, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 194

Folder 195

October, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 195

Folder 196

November, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 196

Folder 197

December, 1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 197

Folder 198

Undated Material, 1947 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 198

Folder 199

1-10 January, 1947 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 199

Folder 200

11-20 January, 1947 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 200

Folder 201

21-31 January, 1947 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 201

Folder 202

February, 1947 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 202

Folder 203

March, 1947 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 203

Folder 204

April, 1947 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 204

Folder 205

May, 1947 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 205

Folder 206

June, 1947 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 206

Folder 207

July, 1947 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 207

Folder 208

August, 1947 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 208

Folder 209

September, 1947 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 209

Folder 210

1-15 October, 1947 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 210

Folder 211

16-31 October, 1947 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 211

Folder 212

November, 1947 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 212

Folder 213

December, 1947 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 213

Folder 214

Undated Material, 1948 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 214

Folder 215

January, 1948 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 215

Folder 216a

February, 1948 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 216a

Folder 216b

Reid Report - 19 February, 1948 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 216b

Folder 217

1-20 March, 1948 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 217

Folder 218

21-31 March, 1948 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 218

Folder 219

April, 1948 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 219

Folder 220

May, 1948 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 220

Folder 221

June, 1948 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 221

Folder 222

July-September, 1948 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 222

Folder 223

October-December, 1948 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 223

Folder 224

January-March, 1949 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 224

Folder 225

April-August, 1949 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 225

Folder 226

September-December, 1949 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 226

Folder 227

January-February, 1950 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 227

Folder 228

March-May, 1950 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 228

Folder 229

June-September, 1950 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 229

Folder 230

October-December, 1950 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 230

Folder 231

January-February, 1951 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 231

Folder 232

March-July, 1951 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 232

Folder 233

August-December, 1951 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 233

Folder 234

January-February, 1952 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 234

Folder 235

March-April, 1952 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 235

Folder 236

May-December, 1952 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 236

Folder 237

1953 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 237

Folder 238

1954 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 238

Folder 239

1955-1956 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 239

Folder 240

1957-1958 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 240

Folder 241a

1959-1960 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 241a

Folder 241b

1959-1960 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 241b

Folder 241c

1959-1960 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 241c

Folder 242a

1961, 1964, and 1966 #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 242a

Folder 242b

1970s #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 242b

Folder 243a

Maps, Sketches, and Blueprints of Penn School #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 243a

Folder 243b

Maps, Sketches, and Blueprints of Penn School #03615, Subseries: "1.5. Years of Change, 1942-1976." Folder 243b

Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.6. Undated Materials.

Among the undated papers are miscellaneous correspondence and writings of and about Laura Towne, Ellen Murray and Alice Lathrop, including an essay on "Ellen's Frank,"a former slave; a description of the arrival of Sherman's troops on the Sea Islands in 1865; and two descriptions of Laura Towne and Ellen Murray by contemporaries. There are mostly routine letters to Rossa Cooley, Grace House, and Howard Kester from visitors and contributors to the school and board members, including a five-page letter describing the impact of World War II on the Island and letters about getting surplus military goods following the war; a handbill by A.C. Reynolds exhorting the wives and mothers of St. Helena to disarm their sons and husbands; and other miscellaneous materials.

There follow reports and writings about the school; a story by Mrs. James R. Macdonald; a sketch of Uncle Sam Polite, a former slave who lived to be over one hundred years old; and a series of reports, applications, accounts and memos of the Co-operative Society, many related to peanuts; and a copy of the Society's articles of incorporation.

Folder 244a

Miscellaneous correspondence and writings of and about Laura Towne, Ellen Murray, and Alice Lathrop #03615, Subseries: "1.6. Undated Materials." Folder 244a

Folder 244b

Miscellaneous correspondence of Cooley and House #03615, Subseries: "1.6. Undated Materials." Folder 244b

Folder 245

Miscellaneous correspondence of Kesters #03615, Subseries: "1.6. Undated Materials." Folder 245

Folder 246a

Miscellaneous correspondence, undated #03615, Subseries: "1.6. Undated Materials." Folder 246a

Folder 246b

Miscellaneous correspondence, undated #03615, Subseries: "1.6. Undated Materials." Folder 246b

Folder 247

Penn Cooperative Society #03615, Subseries: "1.6. Undated Materials." Folder 247

Folder 248

Promotional and historical material #03615, Subseries: "1.6. Undated Materials." Folder 248

Folder 249

Post-World War II veterans' training program #03615, Subseries: "1.6. Undated Materials." Folder 249

Folder 250

Penn School physical plant #03615, Subseries: "1.6. Undated Materials." Folder 250

Folder 251

Board of trustees lists #03615, Subseries: "1.6. Undated Materials." Folder 251

Folder 252

Plantation lists, price lists, and administration of Penn School, undated #03615, Subseries: "1.6. Undated Materials." Folder 252

Folder 253

Lists of contributors and contributions #03615, Subseries: "1.6. Undated Materials." Folder 253

Folder 254

Civic organizations and miscellaneous #03615, Subseries: "1.6. Undated Materials." Folder 254

Folder 255

Music and music programs, undated #03615, Subseries: "1.6. Undated Materials." Folder 255

Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951.

See also series 2 for financial materials.

Folder 256-257

Folder 256

Folder 257

Bills and receipts, undated #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 256-257

Folder 258

Bills and receipts, 1872-1880 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 258

Folder 259

Bills and receipts, 1901 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 259

Folder 260-261

Folder 260

Folder 261

Bills and receipts, 1902 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 260-261

Folder 262-263

Folder 262

Folder 263

Bills and receipts, 1903 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 262-263

Folder 264-273

Folder 264

Folder 265

Folder 266

Folder 267

Folder 268

Folder 269

Folder 270

Folder 271

Folder 272

Folder 273

Bills and receipts, 1904 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 264-273

Folder 274-285

Folder 274

Folder 275

Folder 276

Folder 277

Folder 278

Folder 279

Folder 280

Folder 281

Folder 282

Folder 283

Folder 284

Folder 285

Bills and receipts, 1905 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 274-285

Folder 286-296

Folder 286

Folder 287

Folder 288

Folder 289

Folder 290

Folder 291

Folder 292

Folder 293

Folder 294

Folder 295

Folder 296

Bills and receipts, 1906 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 286-296

Folder 297-308

Folder 297

Folder 298

Folder 299

Folder 300

Folder 301

Folder 302

Folder 303

Folder 304

Folder 305

Folder 306

Folder 307

Folder 308

Bills and receipts, 1907 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 297-308

Folder 309a-b

Bills and receipts, 1908 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 309a-b

Folder 310

Bills and receipts, 1909-1919 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 310

Folder 310a

Bills and receipts (Acc. 83224) #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 310a

Folder 311

Bills and receipts, 1920-1922 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 311

Folder 312

Bills and receipts, 1923 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 312

Folder 313

Bills and receipts, 1924 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 313

Folder 314

Bills and receipts, 1925 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 314

Folder 315

Bills and receipts, 1926 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 315

Folder 316

Bills and receipts, 1927-1929 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 316

Folder 317

Bills and receipts, 1930-1939 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 317

Folder 318

Bills and receipts, 1940-1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 318

Folder 319

Bills and receipts, 1947-1949 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 319

Folder 320

Bills and receipts, 1950-1951 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 320

Folder 321

Miscellaneous banking records, 1923-1924 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 321

Folder 322

Miscellaneous banking records, 1939-1941 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 322

Folder 323

Miscellaneous banking records, 1942 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 323

Folder 324

Miscellaneous banking records, 1943 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 324

Folder 325

Miscellaneous banking records, 1944-1946 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 325

Folder 326

Miscellaneous banking records, 1947 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 326

Folder 327

Miscellaneous banking records, 1948 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 327

Folder 328

Miscellaneous banking records, 1949 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 328

Folder 329

Miscellaneous banking records, 1950 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 329

Folder 330

Miscellaneous banking records, 1951 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 330

Folder 331

Bank deposit books, 1923-1936 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 331

Folder 332

Canceled checks, 1901-1908 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 332

Folder 333

Canceled checks, bank statements, and deposit slips, 1915-1931 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 333

Folder 334

Canceled checks, 1947-1951; deposit slips, 1947 #03615, Subseries: "1.7. Bills, Receipts, and Banking Records, 1872-1951." Folder 334

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated.

About 100 items.

See also subseries 1.7. for financial materials.

The following description is based on the Guide to the Microfilm Edition of the Penn School Papers, 1862-1976 (1977).

Folder 335a

Volume 1a: Original of Laura M. Towne diary, 8 April 1862-26 July 1863. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 335a

Folder 335b

Volume 1b: Original of Laura M. Towne diary, 28 July 1863-30 May 1864. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 335b

Folder 335c

Volume 1c: Typescript copy of Laura M. Towne diary, 3 April 1862-30 May 1864. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 335c

This version of the Towne diary varies from the manuscript diary, a photocopy of which is located in the Edith M. Dabbs Papers (#4285) in the Southern Historical Collection, and from the published Letters and Diary of Laura M. Towne (1912), edited by Rupert Sargent Holland.

Folder 336

Volume 2: Typescript copy of Laura M. Towne letters, May 1861-November 1895 #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 336

Folder 337-341

Folder 337

Folder 338

Folder 339

Folder 340

Folder 341

Volume 3: Extracts from the letters and diary of Laura M. Towne, 1862-1895, including some photographs from the 1860s. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 337-341

This version of the Towne letters and diary was apparently used in preparation of the book edited by Rupert Sargent Holland and published in 1912. Included at the end of these extracts are the original copies of letters to Laura Towne from Wendell Phillips (6 December 1862), Thomas Wentworth Higginson (14 November 1863), Edward W. Hooper (6 September 1864), Edward S. Philbrick (24 February 1866), and Sarah Orne Jewett (circa 1889).

Folder 342

Volume 4: Papers of Arthur Sumner, 1862-1865 and 1884. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 342

Sumner, a teacher from Cambridge, Mass., took part in the expedition to the Sea Islands in 1862. His papers include letters to Nina Hartshorn and Joseph Clark, transcribed from the original copies, and a circular of the Port Royal Relief Committee.

Folder 343

Volume 5: "Recollections of Southern Plantation and School" by Mrs. William R. Wister, 15 November 1926. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 343

Mrs. Wister was the daughter of Frederick A. Eustis, who had come to the Sea Islands in 1862 to look after his stepmother's property and remained as a plantation superintendent. Mrs. Wister herself came to the Islands in 1864 and worked as a teacher until 1866.

Folder 344

Volume 6: Commonplace book of Louise H. Mason, March 1894. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 344

Folder 345

Volume 7: Rossa B. Cooley's syllabus for Bible course at Hampton Institute, 1897. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 345

Folder 346

Volume 8: Board of trustees minutes, 1900-1911. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 346

Folder 347

Volume 9: Board of trustees minutes, 1912-1926. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 347

Folder 348

Volume 10: Board of trustees minutes, 1927-1930. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 348

Folder 349

Volume 11: Board of trustees minutes, 1931-1938. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 349

Folder 350

Volume 12: Board of trustees minutes, 1939-1948. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 350

Folder 351

Volume 13: Ledger containing accounts for various school departments and categories, 1901-1906. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 351

Folder 352

Volume 14: Journal of cash receipts and dispersals, 1902-1908. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 352

Folder 353

Volume 15: Register of teachers, 1904-1919. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 353

Folder 354

Volume 16: Ledger containing various expenses, 1905-1906. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 354

Folder 355

Volume 17: Cash book, 1905-1907. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 355

Folder 356

Volume 18: Book of accounts with individual students, 1905-1917. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 356

Folder 357

Volume 19: Annual inventories of equipment for farm and industrial departments, nurse's office, livestock, carpentry and boarding departments, cooking room, and academic departments, 1906-1920. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 357

Folder 358

Volume 20: Cash book, 1907-1908. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 358

Folder 359

Volume 21: Cash book, 1909-1913. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 359

Folder 360

Volume 22: List of donations, 1909-1914. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 360

Folder 361

Volume S-23: Ledger of operating expenditures, 1910-1913. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 361

Folder 362

Volume 24: Cash book of James P. King and partner, 1910-1911. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 362

Folder 363

Volume 25: Student work lists, 1911-1912. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 363

Volume S-26: Cash book, 1912-1913. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 363

Folder 364

Volume 27: Temperance meetings programs, 1912-1914. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 364

Folder 365

Volume 28: Cash book, 1912-1914. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 365

Folder 366

Volume 29: Lists of monthly expenditures and receipts, 1912-1914. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 366

Folder 367

Volume 30: Minutes of Saint Helena Cooperative Society, 1912-1918. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 367

Folder 368

Volume 31: Financial records of Saint Helena Cooperative Society, 1912-1919. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 368

Folder 369

Volume 32: Records of individual members of Saint Helena Cooperative Society, 1912-1922. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 369

Folder 370

Volume 33: Minutes of Industrial Committee, Community Council, and Executive Committee, 1912-1914. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 370

Folder 371

Volume 34: Cash book, 1913-1914. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 371

Folder 372

Volume S-35: Cash book, 1913-1914. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 372

Folder 373

Volume 36: Lists of personal accounts, 1914-1917. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 373

Folder 374

Volume 37: Cash book, 1914-1918. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 374

Folder 375

Volume 38: Cash book, 1914-1921. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 375

Folder 376

Volume 39: Annual audits, 1913-1915, 1920-1922, 1927-1937, 1939-1944, 1948, 1951-1953, 1956, 1958-1960. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 376

Folder 377

Volume 40: Minutes of Penn School Band of Hope (temperance society), 1915-1918. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 377

Folder 378

Volume 41: Saint Helena Cooperative Society individual accounts, 1916-1940. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 378

Folder 379

Volume 42: Contribution lists of Penn School Club of Boston, 1918-1922. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 379

Folder 380

Volume 43: Minutes of Saint Helena Cooperative Society. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 380

Folder 381

Volume 44: Register of students, listing names, grades, plantations, and parents' names, 1919-1948. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 381

Folder 382

Volume 45: Register of teachers, 1921-1926. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 382

Folder 383

Volume 46: Cash book, 1921-1925. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 383

Folder 384

Volume 47: Minutes of Industrial Committee, 1922-1925. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 384

Folder 385

Volume 48: Ledger containing various accounts (e.g., scholarships, special donations, livestock, water system, electric plant), 1924-1936. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 385

Folder 386

Volume 49: Notebook of Faithful Garden Workers, 1928-1929. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 386

Folder 387

Volume 50a: Notebook of Chariot Corn Club, 1928-1929. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 387

Folder 388

Volume 50b: Better Homes of Saint Helena Island, 1932. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 388

Folder 389

Volume 50c: Better Homes of Saint Helena Island, 1933. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 389

Folder 390

Volume 50d: Peanut Corn Club, 1932-1933. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 390

Folder 391

Volume S-51: Voucher register, 1931-1934. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 391

Folder 392

Volume 52: Inventories, 1931-1936. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 392

Folder 393

Volume S-53: Record of special donations, 1931-1936. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 393

Folder 394

Volume 54: Ledger containing various accounts receivable and payable, 1936-1947. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 394

Folder 395

Volume S-55: Record of special donations, 1936-1943. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 395

Folder 396

Volume 56: Check stubs, 1938-1943. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 396

Folder 397

Volume 57: Cash book, 1939-1942. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 397

Folder 398

Volume 58: Cash book, 1940-1948. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 398

Folder 399

Volume 59: General contributions and special donations, 1942-1946. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 399

Folder 400

Volume 60: General contributions and special donations (This volume, which duplicates portions of volumes 59 and 62, is not included in the microfilm edition of Penn School Papers). #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 400

Folder 401

Volume 61: Check stubs, 1946-1949. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 401

Folder 402

Volume 62: General contributions and special donations, 1946-1950. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 402

Folder 403

Volume 63: Ledger containing various accounts with People's Bank of Beaufort and with Girard Bank and Trust Company of Philadelphia, 1947-1954. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 403

Folder 404

Volume 64: Check stubs, 1949-1952. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 404

Folder 405

Volume 65a: Receipt book of Saint Helena Island Credit Union, 1941-1942. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 405

Folder 406

Volume 65b: Penn School guest book, often with comments from visitors, 1905-1964. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 406

Folder 407

Volume 65c: Copy of volume 65b, 1905-1944, in Grace B. House's hand. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 407

Folder 408

Volume 66a: Notebook of Grace B. House, 1898-1911. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 408

Folder 409

Volume 66b: Commonplace book of Grace B. House, 1902-1913. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 409

Folder 410

Volume 66c: Notebook of poetry and prose of Grace B. House, 1922-1939 and undated. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 410

Folder 411

Volume 66d: Notebook of Grace B. House, 1925-1926. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 411

Folder 412

Volume 67: Plantation (near Beaufort?) account book, 1864-1865. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 412

Folder 413

Volume 68: List of graduates, 1902. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 413

Folder 414

Volume 69: Report of Ellen Murray to the trustees, 1904. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 414

Folder 415-416

Folder 415

Folder 416

Volumes 70-71: Ellen Murray's program, 1904. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 415-416

Folder 417-418

Folder 417

Folder 418

Volumes 72-73: Juno Washington's reports, 1906-1907. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 417-418

Folder 419

Volume 74: Frederick Tallmadge Towne memorial volume, 1872-1906. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 419

Folder 420

Volume 75: Robert Darrah Jenks memorial volume, 1875-1917. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 420

Folder 421

Volume 76: Tributes to Rossa B. Cooley and George Foster Peabody, undated. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 421

Folder 422

Volume 77: "The Vision of Saint Helena,"  Mary E. Langford's scrapbook, undated. #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 422

Folder 423

Volumes 78-98: Photograph albums (see photograph descriptions). #03615, Series: "2. Volumes, 1862-1960 and undated." Folder 423

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977.

About 2,000 items.

The following description is based on the Guide to the Microfilm Edition of the Penn School Papers, 1862-1976 (1977).

Researchers interested in Penn Community Services, especially from 1950 to 1970, should also see Series 8. Courtney Siceloff Papers (Addition of 2005).

Among the newspaper clippings, 1902-1956 and undated, are articles about the history of Saint Helena Island and Penn School and about specific events at Penn School and on the Island; general descriptions of Penn and its programs; notices of speeches and visits by Rossa B. Cooley, Grace B. House, and several trustees; other articles about school faculty and trustees, especially George Foster Peabody; and reviews of Homes of the Freed and School Acres. Included are articles from newspapers in South Carolina, New York, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania, although few are identified by source.

There are also articles and pamphlets from Survey Graphic, Southern Workman, Outlook, and other publications concerning Penn School. Among the writers are Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Laura Towne, Charles T. Loram, Henry Wilder Foote, and Joshua E. Blanton. Of particular interest are the "Reminiscences" written in 1926 by Annie Heacock, a member of the Port Royal Experiment who taught near Beaufort from 1863 to 1869; a 1934 "Report on A Visit to North America Under the Auspices of the Carnegie Corporation" by Oswin Boys Bull of Meaeru, Basutoland, and a similar report by visitors from Zanzibar; and a folio of material by and about George Foster Peabody. There is also a series of articles by Rossa B. Cooley and Grace B. House, including those printed in Survey Graphic that became Homes of the Freed and a copy of the book itself.

Miscellaneous printed material is primarily fund-raising and promotional literature, including broadsides; pamphlets; Penn School calendars; reprints of speeches by Charles W. Dabney, 1903, Robert Russa Moton, 1923, and others; and yearbooks, 1913-1943, of the Penn School Club of Boston. There are circulars, announcements, invitations to and programs of school events and other school materials, including a 1940 "Guide to Cooperative Teacher Training Program" by Trudelle W. Wimbush of South Carolina State College. Also included are a 1945-1946 catalog and issues of the Penn School Chronicle , 1896-1897; "Plantation Pictures of Saint Helena Island," 1921-1923; and Penn School Journal, 1943.

Included also are broadsides and invitations relating to the Saint Helena Cooperative Credit Union and copies, 1921 and undated, of the Union's rules and studies and promotional material issued by Penn Community Services, including a 1954 newsletter.

There are also annual reports, 1890-1893, 1898, 1901, 1908-1930, 1934-1947, 1951, which are a useful introduction to Penn School. Most include rosters of the board of trustees and school staff; descriptions of school and community activities during the year and changes in the school program; a brief history of the school; and comments on the Penn philosophy and program. Some also contain an outline of the school curriculum, lists of benefactors, and lists of school needs.

Folder 424

Newspaper clippings, 1903-1933 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 424

Folder 425

Newspaper clippings, 1934-1960 and undated #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 425

Folder 426

Miscellaneous clippings #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 426

Folder 427-428

Folder 427

Folder 428

Articles about Penn School #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 427-428

Folder 429

Articles by Rossa B. Cooley #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 429

Folder 430

Homes of the Freed #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 430

Folder 431

Articles by Grace B. House #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 431

Folder 432

Miscellaneous articles #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 432

Folder 433

George Foster Peabody materials #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 433

Folder 434

Miscellaneous printed items, 1896-1908 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 434

Folder 435

Miscellaneous printed items, 1909-1919 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 435

Folder 436

Miscellaneous printed items, 1920-1927 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 436

Folder 437

Miscellaneous printed items, 1928-1932 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 437

Folder 438

Miscellaneous printed items, 1933-1939 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 438

Folder 439

Miscellaneous printed items, 1940-1942 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 439

Folder 440

Miscellaneous printed items, 1943-1948 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 440

Folder 441

Miscellaneous printed items, 1950-1955 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 441

Folder 442

Miscellaneous printed items, 1964, 1973-1977 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 442

Folder 443

Miscellaneous printed items, undated #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 443

Folder 444

Annual reports, 1890-1907 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 444

Folder 445

Annual reports, 1901-1910 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 445

Folder 446

Annual reports, 1908-1912 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 446

Folder 447

Annual reports, 1913-1917 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 447

Folder 448

Annual reports, 1918-1922 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 448

Folder 449

Annual reports, 1923-1927 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 449

Folder 450

Annual reports, 1928-1938 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 450

Folder 451

Annual reports, 1939-1947, 1951 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 451

Folder 452

Annual reports, 1976-1977 #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 452

Folder 453

Beaufort and South Carolina items #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 453

Folder 454

Credit unions and cooperatives #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 454

Folder 455

Fellowship of Southern Churchmen #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 455

Folder 456

Friends of the Soil #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 456

Folder 457

Music #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 457

Folder 458

Releases received from committees, foundations, and colleges #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 458

Folder 459

S. C. Armstrong and the Hampton Institute #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 459

Folder 460

South Carolina state documents, undated #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 460

Folder 461

Temperance Society #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 461

Folder 462

World War I: American Red Cross #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 462

Folder 463

World War I: Circle for Negro War Relief #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 463

Folder 464

Transcript of audiotape T-3615/2 (Acc. 84130) #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 464

Folder 465

Draft photograph inventory #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 465

Folder 466

Typed master photograph inventory to microfilm edition #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 466

Folder 467

"The Industrial Education Myth: Character Building at Penn School, 1900-1948," Elizabeth Jacoway Burns, dissertation (1974) #03615, Series: "3. Printed Materials, 1890-1977." Folder 467

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Photographs, 1860s-1962.

About 3,000 items.

The following description is based on the Guide to the Microfilm Edition of the Penn School Papers, 1862-1976 (1977). See notes on the image identification number code below.

The Penn School Papers contain about 3,000 photographs, the earliest of which date from the 1860s and the latest from 1962. Like other materials in this collection, the photographs are fewest during the years 1862-1890 and 1948-1962. Most of them date from 1905 to 1944, the tenure of Rossa B. Cooley and Grace B. House as teachers and principals at Penn School. They are found chiefly in 21 photograph albums, nine of which seem to have been assembled by the principals for display. Several others were more hastily assembled by the principals, while the rest came from visitors and close friends of Penn School.

One hundred and twenty-four prints made from 8x10 and 5x7 glass plates exposed by Leigh Richmond Miner are included. In addition, there are about 1,000 unmounted photographs. Most of these are original prints of various sizes, but several hundred are prints made from negatives that were originally part of the collection. Among these unmounted photographs are black-and-white prints of the water colors painted by Winold Reiss.

The amateur and professional photographers who took these pictures were school trustees and faculty, friends of the principals, and other visitors, all of whom were white. Cooley and House are the sources of many of the photographs, but it was not uncommon for visitors to send their prints and often their negatives to the principals. The major photographers were:

Hubbard and Mix, Practical Photographers: These photographers ran a professional studio in Beaufort, S.C., during the 1860s, where they photographed Laura M. Towne and others from Saint Helena. They also seem to have come to Saint Helena and other Sea Islands to photograph freed slaves and slave cabins.

Samuel A. Cooley: A photographer for the federal forces during the Civil War, Cooley worked out of Savannah, Hilton Head Island, and Beaufort after the war and took several of the photographs in the collection.

Helen C. Jenks: The niece of Laura M. Towne and a trustee of Penn School, Jenks was an interested amateur photographer. Her photographs date from about 1890 to 1912.

Rossa B. Cooley and Grace B. House: They were teachers and principals at Penn School and their pictures date from 1904 to 1944. From internal evidence, it is probable that Rossa B. Cooley took most of the photographs. The captions of the album pictures are in her handwriting, as are those on the accompanying negative envelopes. Her pictures comprise the largest part of the Penn School photographs.

Francis R. Cope, Jr.: A trustee and later the chair of the board of trustees of Penn School, Cope was an avid amateur photographer and one of the best to photograph Penn School and Saint Helena. His pictures date from 1901 to 1944.

Isabella Curtis: She was a trustee of Penn School and a friend of the principals. She took photographs on visits made between 1915 and 1930.

Leigh Richmond Miner: He was an instructor in drawing at Hampton Institute and a professional photographer who visited Penn several times between 1907 and 1923. He used a view camera and exposed about 150 plates. Most of his photographs of Saint Helena were published in a volume edited by Edith M. Dabbs, Face of an Island: Leigh Richmond Miner's Photographs of Saint Helena Island (Columbia, S.C.: R. L. Bryan, 1970).

Lewis W. Hine: An important figure in American photography in the 20th century, Hine worked for the Survey Graphic at various times in the 1910s and the 1920s. He was an advocate of child labor laws and is perhaps most famous for his pictures of factory children. He visited Penn School in November 1919. Two photographs, probably from this visit, illustrated Rossa B. Cooley's article, "The Homes of the Freed," published in the Survey Graphic in October 1923.

Mary Isabel House: A sister of Grace B. House, she made many visits over the years.

Margaret Noyes: A friend of the principals, she visited the Island in 1937, taking a great number of photographs.

As might be expected, these and other photographers differed both in their abilities and in their choice of equipment. Among the early amateurs to use the small box cameras on the Island, Helen C. Jenks and Francis R. Cope, Jr., had perhaps the liveliest eye for composition. Jenks sometimes kept records of her exposures, indicating more than casual interest in the medium. This interest is further borne out by the 5x7 glass plates in the collection that are retouched enlargements of small prints appearing in her albums. Cope took many striking compositions of Island scenes that reveal a very proficient photographer with a flair for the dramatic. The different sizes of his negatives indicate that Cope owned a variety of cameras between 1900 and the 1940s. Rossa B. Cooley also used the box camera, but responded more to its utility as a recording instrument than to the pleasures of making beautiful pictures.

Alone among 20th-century photographers of Penn School, Leigh Richmond Miner used a view camera, a cumbersome machine using very slow film that required long exposures on a sturdy tripod. His photographs consequently lack the candid, spontaneous quality of the pictures taken by Jenks and Cope. His careful poses of people at work are more reminiscent of 19th-century photographs. But the large negative utilized by the view camera captured a wealth of sharp detail that the smaller negatives missed, and Miner's photographs are quite valuable for the study of Island dress, architecture, and tools.

A variety of motives were at work in the making of the photographs in this collection. Perhaps the simplest motive was provided by the age itself. When Helen C. Jenks began photographing Saint Helena in the 1890s, photography had entered its popular phase. George Eastman had patented his Kodak in 1888, and many people could afford this simple camera (Beaumont Newhall, The History of Photography [New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1964], pp. 89-94.) Instead of presenting oneself at a professional studio for the standard portrait set against a column or exotic backdrop, one could arrange the family under a favorite linden tree and push the shutter of the small, black camera. It was the age of the snapshot.

Thus there is an exuberance in many of the early photographs of both the young Cope and Cooley and the middle-aged Jenks. It is an exuberance belonging to the youth of photography itself. Saint Helena was picturesque and exotic to these northerners more familiar with city avenues and the drawing room than with live oaks dripping with Spanish moss and African American Islanders living in primitive cabins.

And so with their cameras at the ready these men and women ranged about the Island and around the school grounds, on foot and in horse-drawn buggies, registering on film the strange and beautiful aspects of Saint Helena. They confronted the Islanders in their homes and on the roads, importuning them, sometimes successfully, to "smile for the camera." And of course they took home with them the obligatory group portraits full of faces wincing bravely into the sun. The impulse behind this kind of picture-taking, as George Eastman had recognized in 1892, was the desire for "personal pictures or memoranda of [the amateurs'] everyday life, objects, places or people that interest them in travel & c." (Ibid., p. 94.) These snapshots were gathered in albums, set out for the entertainment of visitors and the amusement of children.

But the collection is more than the naive statements of northern whites witnessing the exotic Saint Helena. It was clear to the principals and to others that the photograph was a valuable institutional record. Cooley and House especially had a strong historic sense, a sense that they were engaged in an important undertaking whose development should be documented.

Thus among the Penn School photographs are hundreds of individual students, of graduating classes, of teachers, and of school buildings under construction and completed. The principals carefully recorded the numerous calendar events at the school: the Farmers' Fairs beginning in 1906, the Planting Week functions, the picnics and trips. They and others brought their cameras to the 50th Anniversary ceremonies in 1912, to the dedication of the Frissell Memorial Community Building in 1925, to the 75th Anniversary of Penn School in 1937, and to the reunion of the Saint Helena Quartette in 1953. In these photographs are the young and old faces of Joshua and Linnie Blanton; Benjamin Boyd; A. J. Brown; Rossa B. Cooley; Hollis Burke Frissell; Grace B. House; Howard and Alice Kester; James P. King; Robert Russa Moton; George Foster Peabody; Benjamin H. Washington; and numerous men, women, and children of Saint Helena Island.

Photographs taken to record Penn's progress could also be used to publicize it, and in the struggle to encourage contributions to one of the first schools for African Americans in the South, the principals were well aware of the value of photography. As early as 1906, the principals were contrasting in photographs the demonstration corn acres to the corn grown by the old method in order to dramatize the improvement in the yield. After the storm of 1911, they photographed the Islanders' cooperative efforts to rebuild their homes. Photographs illustrated Rossa B. Cooley's articles in the Survey Graphic, her books, and Penn's annual reports. Leigh Richmond Miner's lovely photographs may have been conscious attempts to publicize Penn School in the way that Frances Benjamin Johnston's photographs had publicized Hampton Institute in 1900.

Though many of these photographs are personal documents recording private moments, in the main the Penn School photographs were meant to be seen. They were public documents promoting a social ideal and are an important part of the Penn School Papers. For where the manuscripts reveal the school mostly from an administrative point of view, the photographs reveal more directly and concretely the people of Saint Helena and specific details of life there over a 100-year period.

These photographs are arranged with the albums appearing first in chronological order followed by the unmounted photographs arranged as follows: 19th-century photographs, published photographs; photographs by Leigh Richmond Miner, photographs by Margaret Noyes, and miscellaneous unmounted photographs arranged chronologically. Description in quotation marks is taken either from the print or the negative of the image. Minor editing of the quoted description has been done to facilitate searching.

IMAGE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER CODE: The image identification number is derived from frame numbers in the microfilm edition of the Penn School Papers.

Images in photograph albums: The location of original images in photograph albums is indicated in this finding aid by photograph album (PA) numbers (e.g., PA-3615/78). Photograph album numbers are not used in forming the image identification number. Identification numbers are generally composed of the microfilm frame number, l for left-hand page or r for right-hand page in the original photograph album, and a lower-case letter indicating the position of the image on the page. Positions are read from top-left to top-right, then bottom-left to bottom-right. For example, image 0001ra is listed in this finding aid as physically located in PA-3615/78. Its identification number indicates that it is on a left-hand page and is the image closest to the upper left-hand corner of that page. In the microfilm edition, this image is found in frame 0001. Note that some images from photograph albums do not have left or right designations, probably because the page in question was loose in the album.

Unmounted images: Identification numbers are composed of the microfilm frame number and a letter indicating how many photographs are in that frame. For example, image identification numbers 0814a, 0814b, 0814c show that there are three images in frame 0814. Image identification number 1012 shows that there is only one image in frame 1012.

If the photographer's name is known it is listed.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 4.1. Photograph Albums, 1899-1944.

Photograph albums are closed due to extreme fragility. Researchers must use microfilm copies.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905

One of two albums assembled by Helen C. Jenks, whose photographs are some of the earliest visual records of school activities and Island scenes. Included are pictures of the first Penn School building; classes massed in front of the old Darrah Hall; 19th-century Island dress, the aftermath of the 1893 hurricane; Laura M. Towne; Frogmore Plantation; and turn of the 20th century photographs of Beaufort, S.C. The photographs and captions are by Jenks unless otherwise indicated.

Photograph Album PA-3615/78

Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" PA-3615/78

Image P-3615/0001l

"Behind the school-house." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0001l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0001ra

Island marsh #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0001ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0001rb

Rhett house, Beaufort, S.C. #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0001rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0001rc

Island boy #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0001rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0002ra

"Front of Penn School - from the High road." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0002ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0002rb

"Front of Penn School - from the High road." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0002rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0002rc

"Front of Penn School - from the High road." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0002rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0002rd

"Front of Penn School - from the High road." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0002rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0003l

"Rear of school house, 1899" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0003l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0003ra

"Temperance Band" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0003ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0003rb

"Penn Schoolyard, 1899" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0003rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0003rc

Students at rear of Penn School #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0003rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0004l

"Road near Penn School" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0004l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0004r

"Back steps to School, 1899, Miss Laura M. Towne & Miss Ellen Murray" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0004r

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0005la

"Going in after recess" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0005la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0005lb

"Front of the School" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0005lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0005lc

"Front of the School" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0005lc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0005ra

"Darrah Hall" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0005ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0005rb

"High Road" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0005rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0005rc

Island road #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0005rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0005rd

"Penn School Children, 1899" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0005rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0006l

Island woman #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0006l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0006ra

"A wayside thicket" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0006ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0006rb

"A causeway" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0006rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0006rc

"Butcher cart" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0006rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0006rd

"Live oak destroyed in 1893" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0006rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0007l

"1899," group of school children #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0007l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0007ra

"Native children" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0007ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0007rb

"Native children" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0007rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0007rc

Island marshes #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0007rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0007rd

"Near the Baptizing place" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0007rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0007re

Island road #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0007re

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0008la

"A negro cabin" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0008la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0008lb

"1899" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0008lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0008lc

Frogmore, 1898 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0008lc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0008ra

"December 1902: Native Home near Frogmore" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0008ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0008rb

"1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0008rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0008rc

"1899" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0008rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0009la

"An Aunty" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0009la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0009lb

Island women #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0009lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0009lc

"In the cotton gin" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0009lc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0009r

"Tree left by the storm of 1893" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0009r

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0010la

"Mr. Gantt, December 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0010la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0010lb

"James Miller" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0010lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0010r

"Mr. Gantt, 1899" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0010r

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0011la

"On the cross road, 1899" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0011la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0011lb

"R.R. station" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0011lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0011lc

"A highway, December 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0011lc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0011ld

"Beside Darrah Hall, 1899" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0011ld

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0011ra

"On Saint Helena Island, 1899," view of the marshes #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0011ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0011rb

"On Saint Helena Island, 1899," view of the marshes #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0011rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0011rc

"On Saint Helena Island, 1899," view of the marshes #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0011rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0011rd

"On Saint Helena Island, 1899," view of the marshes #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0011rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0012l

"Penn School Children, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0012l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0012ra

"People near Frogmore December, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0012ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0012rb

"People near Frogmore December, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0012rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0012rc

"People near Frogmore December, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0012rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0013la

"Frogmore School & Mr. Brown" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0013la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0013lb

"Road near School, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0013lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0013lc

"Turkey Buzzards" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0013lc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0013ld

"Butcher's cart, 1899" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0013ld

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0013r

"The main road across the Island, 1899" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0013r

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0014la

"River near the School, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0014la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0014lb

"River near the School, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0014lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0014ra

"Butcher cart, 1899" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0014ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0014rb

Island river #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0014rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0015la

"Near Frogmore, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0015la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0015lb

"Near Penn School, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0015lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0015r

"The school pump" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0015r

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0016l

"Near the Village, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0016l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0016r

"Road by Penn School" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0016r

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0017la

Penn School #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0017la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0017lb

"Miss Murray, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0017lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0017ra

"The Whipping Tree, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0017ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0017rb

"La Touche," a mule #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0017rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0017rc

"Frogmore" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0017rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0017rd

"1899" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0017rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0018l

Frogmore #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0018l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0018ra

Frogmore, front #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0018ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0018rb

"Spanish bayonets." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0018rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0018rc

"Cato" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0018rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0018rd

Frogmore, side #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0018rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0019l

"Frogmore Turkeys, 1899" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0019l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0019ra

"Frogmore Porch" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0019ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0019rb

Looking toward the sea from Frogmore porch, 1899 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0019rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0019rc

"La Touche at home" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0019rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0019rd

"James, Miss Towne" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0019rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0020l

"Poultry Yard at Frogmore, 1899" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0020l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0020ra

"From the marsh," Frogmore, 1899 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0020ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0020rb

Frogmore, front, 1899 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0020rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0020rc

"Steps to the garden," Frogmore, 1899 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0020rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0020rd

"The back porch," Frogmore, 1899 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0020rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0021la

"Frogmore chicken yard, December 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0021la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0021lb

Miss Lathrop in Frogmore chicken yard #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0021lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0021lc

"Frogmore chicken yard, December 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0021lc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0021r

Frogmore #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0021r

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0022l

"Penn School Children, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0022l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0022ra

"Penn School children, 1899" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0022ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0022rb

Marshes, 1899 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0022rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0022rc

Island child, 1899 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0022rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0022rd

Island woman, 1899 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0022rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0023la

"1902, a cabin in Beaufort" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0023la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0023lb

Beaufort gateway #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0023lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0023lc

"1899," Carriage #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0023lc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0023ld

"1902," Beaufort porch #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0023ld

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0024la

Haystacks #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0024la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0024lb

"Ladies Island ferry, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0024lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0024ra

Saint Helena Episcopal Church, Beaufort, 1899 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0024ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0024rb

"The sea front," Beaufort, 1899 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0024rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0024rc

"The Rhett House," Beaufort, 1899 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0024rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0024rd

"The ferry," Beaufort, 1899 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0024rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0025l

"Gate and churchyard, Beaufort" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0025l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0025r

"The old Darrah Hall - burned in 1893" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0025r

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0026l

"Beaufort, 1899" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0026l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0026ra

"A family mansion," Beaufort, S.C. #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0026ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0026rb

Beaufort scenes #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0026rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0026rc

Beaufort scenes #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0026rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0027l

"Between Yemassee & Beaufort" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0027l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0027ra

"Court day near Yemassee, December 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0027ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0027rb

"By Yemassee station, December 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0027rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0028la

"December 1902," Yemassee #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0028la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0028lb

Railroad station, Yemassee #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0028lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0028ra

"Side of school house," Penn School #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0028ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0028rb

"The School yard," Penn School #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0028rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0029l

"The Scholars at back of the School, Spring of 1901" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0029l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0029ra

"Group of girls in a breeze" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0029ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0029rb

"Group of scholars, 1898" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0029rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0030l

"Miss Lathrop of Mass. and assistant" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0030l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0030r

"Group of Scholars" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0030r

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0031ra

"Teacher & Primaries" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0031ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0031rb

"Teacher & Pupils" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0031rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0032ra

"Assistant & pupils" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0032ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0032rb

"Teacher with Intermediates" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0032rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0033ra

"Sewing teacher [Mrs. V. Brown] and Pupils" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0033ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0033rb

"Group of scholars, 1901" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0033rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0034l

"Darrah Hall, 1901" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0034l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0034ra

"House of a graduate" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0034ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0034rb

"Home of a teacher" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0034rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0034rc

"Home of a teacher" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0034rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0035la

"Frogmore, date uncertain" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0035la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0035lb

"Frogmore, date uncertain" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0035lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0035lc

"Frogmore, date uncertain" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0035lc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0035ld

"Frogmore, date uncertain" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0035ld

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0035r

"A Palmetto tree" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0035r

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0036ra

A group of students #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0036ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0036rb

Students near Penn School #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0036rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0037ra

Penn Students #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0037ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0037rb

Group of teachers, Mrs. Juno Washington sitting right #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0037rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0038l

"School pump. 1901" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0038l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0038ra

"Rear of Penn School" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0038ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0038rb

"Darrah Hall, 1901" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0038rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0038rc

Yard #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0038rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0039r

"The old School House - The paling fence did not last long" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0039r

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0040l

"Darrah Hall" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0040l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0040ra

"Superintendent's Home, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0040ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0040rb

"Superintendent's Home, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0040rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0040rc

"The library, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0040rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0040rd

"The library, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0040rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0041la

"Penn School, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0041la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0041lb

"Penn School, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0041lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0041ra

"Penn School, Front" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0041ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0041rb

"Penn School, Front" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0041rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0042la

"Temperance Band, December 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0042la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0042lb

"Temperance Band, December 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0042lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0042ra

"Near Frogmore, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0042ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0042rb

Penn School Student #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0042rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0042rc

"Penn School children, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0042rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0043la

"On the Highway" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0043la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0043lb

"On the Highway" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0043lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0043lc

"On the Highway" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0043lc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0043r

Local road #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0043r

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0044l

"Near the gate of Frogmore, December 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0044l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0044ra

"On the marsh near Frogmore, December 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0044ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0044rb

"On the marsh near Frogmore, December 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0044rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0045la

"Eustis Plantation" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0045la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0045lb

"Eustis Plantation" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0045lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0045ra

"New Carpenters Shop, December 1903" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0045ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0045rb

"Ebenezer Church" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0045rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0045rc

Cabin #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0045rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0046ra

"Dawkins' house, Darrah Hall, March 1904." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0046ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0046rb

"Causeway by Ebenezer Church" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0046rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0047l

"Landing on school grounds" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0047l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0047ra

"Meadows by Ebenezer Church" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0047ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0047rb

"Site for new school, March 21st 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0047rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0048la

Penn School Grounds #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0048la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0048lb

Marching to Darrah Hall #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0048lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0048ra

"Collecting at Darrah Hall for the morning exercises, singing etc." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0048ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0048rb

View of school house #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0048rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0049l

"Supply shed for Carpentry Dep't. Built out of Old School House, 1905" See 119ra #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0049l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0049ra

"Rear of old school buildings, March 22, 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0049ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0049rb

"Rear of old school buildings, March 22, 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0049rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0049rc

"Rear of old school buildings, March 22, 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0049rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0050ra

"Front window of school" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0050ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0050rb

"Rear" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0050rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0051la

Darrah Hall, interior #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0051la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0051lb

"Method of heating" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0051lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0051ra

"Interior of old school, main building" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0051ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0051rb

"Ellen Murray's room, March 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0051rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0052la

"In Darrah Hall, March 22, 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0052la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0052lb

"In Darrah Hall, March 22, 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0052lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0052ra

"In Miss Murray's room" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0052ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0052rb

"Miss L[athrop] - teacher" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0052rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0052rc

"Singing in Darrah Hall" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0052rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0053l

"Cotton Field at the End of the Season" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0053l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0053ra

Marsh scene #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0053ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0053rb

"March 1904," students in classroom #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0053rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0053rc

"Darrah Hall" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0053rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0054la

View of Penn School from the road #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0054la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0054lb

View of Penn School from the road #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0054lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0054lc

River scene #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0054lc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0054ld

View of Penn School from the road #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0054ld

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0054r

River near Penn School #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0054r

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0055la

Children leaving School #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0055la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0055lb

"Miss Lathrop" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0055lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0055ra

"Miss Murray," and class #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0055ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0055rb

"Miss Murray, Miss Lathrop," and class #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0055rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0055rc

Miss Murray and class #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0055rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0055rd

Group of men #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0055rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0056la

"Mr. and Mrs. Dawkins and baby Wilder" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0056la

P. W. Dawkins, Superintendent of Industries; Emma Jennie Dawkins, instructor in cooking and sewing. Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0056lb

"Mr. and Mrs. Stevens" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0056lb

W. G. Stephens, school carpenter and instructor in carpentry; Louise Stephen, instructor in nursing. Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0056ra

"Front street in Beaufort, March 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0056ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0056rb

"Churchyard, Beaufort" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0056rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0057l

"New School house, Founders Hall, January 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0057l

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0057ra

"New school house; to be called Founders Hall, January 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0057ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0057rb

"Teachers' Home To be called Hampton House, January 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0057rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0057rc

Scene #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0057rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0058la

"Near the Teachers' Home, January 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0058la

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0058lb

"Near the Teachers' Home, January 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0058lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0058lc

"Near the Teachers' Home, January 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0058lc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0059la

View of Founders Hall #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0059la

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0059lb

"Entrance to school Grounds" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0059lb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0059lc

Students before Founders Hall, see 0068la #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0059lc

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0059ra

"Founders Hall" See 0067rc #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0059ra

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0059rb

Road leading to Founders Hall, see 0068ra #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0059rb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0059rc

"Hampton House" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0059rc

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0060la

Road and tree, see 0068lb #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0060la

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0060lb

Big oak, see 0069la #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0060lb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0060lc

Islanders on road, see 0068lc #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0060lc

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0060ld

Man in wagon #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0060ld

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0060ra

"Miss Cooley," Uncle Sam and Evelyn Cope in carriage, see 0067ra #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0060ra

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0060rb

Children on road, see 0068rc #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0060rb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0060rc

"Cotton Gin" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0060rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

Image P-3615/0061r

Founders Hall Plaque to Laura Towne and Ellen Murray #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 78: 1899-1905" P-3615/0061r

Image is part of Photograph Album 78.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)

Assembled by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Included are pictures, 1901-1908, of Islanders, Ellen Murray and Alice Lathrop, Frogmore, landscapes, and other people and scenes. The pictures and captions are by Cope unless otherwise indicated.

Photograph Album PA-3615/79

"Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" PA-3615/79

Image P-3615/0063ra

"Frogmore in 1901" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0063ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0063rb

"Near Frogmore Ave. Entrance" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0063rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0063rc

"Frogmore mansion, [home of] Misses Towne & Murray" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0063rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0063rd

"Old Slave House, Frogmore" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0063rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0064la

Islanders #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0064la

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0064lb

"Frogmore (from Island)" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0064lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0064lc

Hanging tree #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0064lc

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0064ld

"Frogmore" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0064ld

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0064ra

Scene #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0064ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0064rb

"School Road" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0064rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0064rc

"First Penn School House" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0064rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0064rd

"Miss Murray and Miss Lathrop" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0064rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0065la

Scene #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0065la

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0065lb

"Frogmore - from the Island" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0065lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0065lc

"Frogmore" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0065lc

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0065ld

"Causeway to Frogmore Island" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0065ld

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0065ra

Low tide, live Oak trees #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0065ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0065rb

Low tide, live Oak trees #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0065rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0065rc

Low tide, live Oak trees #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0065rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0065rd

Low tide, live Oak trees #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0065rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0066la

"James Miller of Frogmore" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0066la

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0066lb

Little boy #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0066lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0066lc

Island cabin #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0066lc

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0066ld

Marsh scene #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0066ld

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0066ra

"Jas. Miller's house" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0066ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0066rb

Marsh scene #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0066rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0066rc

"[James] Miller [and Mr. Gantt] with Jackies" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0066rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0066rd

Island home #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0066rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0067la

Mrs. Macdonald, right, and unidentified woman #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0067la

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0067lb

Road #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0067lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0067lc

Ruins of Chapel of Ease on Saint Helena Island #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0067lc

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0067ld

Ruins of Chapel of Ease on Saint Helena Island #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0067ld

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0067ra

"Miss Cooley, (E[velyn] F.M.C[ope]), & Uncle Sam" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0067ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0067rb

"Founders Hall (from rear)" April 1904 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0067rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0067rc

"Main School Bldg. (Founders Hall)," April 1903 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0067rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0067rd

"Mother and baby calf," April 1904 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0067rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0068la

Penn School children #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0068la

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0068lb

Live oak #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0068lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0068lc

Islanders on road #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0068lc

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0068ld

Islanders on road #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0068ld

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0068ra

Road approaching Founders Hall #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0068ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0068rb

Road near Penn School #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0068rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0068rc

Children returning from garden #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0068rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0068rd

"Penn School Child," April 1904 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0068rd

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0069la

"Indian Hill, live oak" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0069la

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0069lb

Man driving ox cart #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0069lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0069lc

Mr. and Mrs. Stevens #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0069lc

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

Image P-3615/0069ld

"Hampton House, 1908" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 79: Saint Helena Island, S.C. In the Old Days (Early 1900s)" P-3615/0069ld

Image is part of Photograph Album 79.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905

Assembled by Grace B. House with photographs by Rossa B. Cooley, Grace B. House, and Helen C. Jenks unless otherwise indicated. The captions are by House unless otherwise indicated. Included are pictures of school buildings, classes and teachers, Hampton teachers, Decoration Day, and Alfred Graham and his native basketry class. Many of these pictures are also displayed in Volumes 78 and 82 and on microfilm between frames 0001 and 0060 and frames 0115 and 0162.

Photograph Album PA-3615/80

Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" PA-3615/80

Image P-3615/0071r

"St. John's House for primary [children] - leaks at every pore!" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0071r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0072l

"Old School house. Supports too rotten to use." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0072l

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0072r

"Darrah Hall - used for all public meetings. White building in background. Frame for house of teacher of Agriculture Wm. Dawkins." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0072r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0073l

"Brick Church that survived the cyclone." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0073l

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0073r

"Miss Murray, Miss Lathrop" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0073r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0074r

"Decoration Day" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0074r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0075l

"Frogmore Home of Miss Murray" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0075l

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0075r

"View from Frogmore." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0075r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0076l

Islander with ox cart #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0076l

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0076r

Cotton field #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0076r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0077r

"Little Library" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0077r

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0078l

"Old School House, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0078l

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0078r

"Children back of school house, 1902" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0078r

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0079l

"New School House, 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0079l

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0079r

"Grove in front of School House, 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0079r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0080l

"Pigs in front of Teachers' House Showing need of fence" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0080l

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0080r

"Teachers' House, 1905," Hampton House #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0080r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0081l

"Farmers Conference, 1905," in Darrah Hall #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0081l

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0081r

"Farmers Conference, 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0081r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0082l

"Class in basketry, 1905," Mr. Alfred Graham, teacher #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0082l

Item discovered to be missing as of 20 March 2012. Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0082r

Alfred Graham's class in Basketry, 1905 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0082r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0083l

"One of the Agricultural Class, 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0083l

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0083r

"Primary Class, 1905," Linnie Lumpkins, teacher #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0083r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0084l

"Class in Community Work, 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0084l

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0084r

"Class in Community Work, 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0084r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0085l

"Community Class, 1905," Mrs. Dawkins, leader #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0085l

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0085r

"Going to hold service in a cabin of a bedridden woman" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0085r

Penn School teachers, left-right: J. E. Blanton, holding reins; Antoinette Norwell, Mary Alice Person, Helena McGavitt, Linnie Lumpkins, Mabel Hickman. Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0086l

"Big oak on Indian Hill Plantation" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0086l

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0086r

River near Ebenezer Church #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0086r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0087l

"Founders Hall" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0087l

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0087r

"Temporary quarters for teachers - now used as dormitory for boys" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0087r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0088r

Island home after storm #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0088r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0089l

Island man on Ebenezer Church road #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0089l

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0090l

"Thanksgiving Turkey and the Basket weaving Teacher, 1905," Alfred Graham #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0090l

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0090r

"An offering, 1905," Robert Gibbs with rice and corn #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0090r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0091l

"In Darrah Hall" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0091l

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0091r

"Teachers from Hampton," see 0121rb #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0091r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0092l

Miss Lumpkins's class before school session #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0092l

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0092r

Miss Lumpkins's class before school session #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0092r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0093r

Students before school session #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0093r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0094l

Students before school session #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0094l

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

Image P-3615/0094r

One of the public schools #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 80: 1902-1905" P-3615/0094r

Image is part of Photograph Album 80.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s

Album of unknown origin with pictures of a visit to the Island by friends of Rossa B. Cooley. It begins with photographs of Beaufort and the ferry and ends with photographs of a departure from Saint Helena. Included are the first pictures of Rossa B. Cooley and Grace B. House, pictures of the ferry landing in Beaufort, and pictures of Island scenes.

Photograph Album PA-3615/81

Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" PA-3615/81

Image P-3615/0096l

Beaufort, S.C. Rhett house #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0096l

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0096r

Beaufort, S.C. #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0096r

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0097l

Beaufort, S.C. #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0097l

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0097r

Ferry landing at Beaufort #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0097r

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0098l

Corner Store, Beaufort #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0098l

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0098r

Hampton House, Saint Helena #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0098r

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0099l

Grace B. House, school principal #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0099l

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0099r

Penn School campus #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0099r

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0100l

Founders Hall #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0100l

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0100r

Penn School grove #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0100r

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0101l

Hampton House #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0101l

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0101r

School library #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0101r

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0102l

Rossa B. Cooley and Joshua Blanton #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0102l

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0102r

Rossa B. Cooley feeding the hogs #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0102r

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0103l

Three young men #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0103l

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0103r

Lumber yard #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0103r

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0104l

Rossa B. Cooley, Penn School principal #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0104l

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0104r

Rossa B. Cooley #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0104r

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0105l

Ruins of Chapel of Ease, Saint Helena #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0105l

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0105r

Oyster boats #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0105r

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0106l

Island home #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0106l

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0106r

Island home #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0106r

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0107l

Storage house #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0107l

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0107r

Big oak on Indian Hill plantation #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0107r

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0108l

Ox Cart allowing the wagon to pass by #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0108l

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0108r

Big pine #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0108r

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0109l

King Yuccas #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0109l

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0109r

Island pine tree #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0109r

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0110l

Island cabin #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0110l

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0110r

Island cabin #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0110r

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0111l

Visitors leaving #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0111l

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0111r

Rossa B. Cooley waving goodbye #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0111r

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0112l

Boat crew #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0112l

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0112r

Rossa B. Cooley on dock #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0112r

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0113l

Ox cart on Penn School road #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0113l

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

Image P-3615/0113r

Building in a city #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 81: Early 1900s" P-3615/0113r

Image is part of Photograph Album 81.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909

Volume I of nine official Penn School display albums. The volume was assembled and captioned by Rossa B. Cooley. Photographs are by Cooley or Grace B. House unless otherwise indicated. Included are pictures of Beaufort, Penn School buildings, teachers, classes, Island individuals, and scenery. There is a series of before-and-after shots of Aunt Jane's house being repaired with boards taken from the old school house. There are also pictures of threshing rice, crushing sugar cane in the mill, and the first Farmers' Fair.

Photograph Album PA-3615/82

Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" PA-3615/82

Image P-3615/0115la

"Bay Street, Beaufort, S.C.," circa 1900 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0115la

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0115lb

"Beaufort, S.C. Taken from the river." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0115lb

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0115r

"The First School House for Negroes. 1862." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0115r

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0116la

The first Penn School, circa 1900 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0116la

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0116lb

Founders Hall #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0116lb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0116ra

"Founders Hall. 1904." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0116ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0116rb

"Rear of Founders Hall" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0116rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0117la

"Old barn. Torn down in 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0117la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0117lb

"New barn. Built in 1904-1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0117lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0117r

"After the storm of 1893" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0117r

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0118la

"Carpenter's Cottage. 1903, moved and changed to Cope Cottage." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0118la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0118lb

"St John School House." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0118lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0118r

"Main Road toward Frogmore" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0118r

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0119la

Darrah Hall #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0119la

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0119lb

"Hampton House. [May] 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0119lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0119lc

"Dawkins' house Darrah Hall, March 1904," see 0046ra #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0119lc

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0119ra

"Supply shed for Carpentry Dep't. Built out of Old School House. 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0119ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0119rb

"Carpenter's Shop, 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0119rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0119rc

Darrah Hall #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0119rc

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0120la

"Teachers' Group, 1905. Miss Davis, Guest." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0120la

Sitting, left-right: Helena McGavitt, Lucy Davis, unidentified woman, Antoinette Norwell (partially obscured), unidentified woman, Linnie Lumpkins, unidentified woman, Mary Alice Person. Standing, left-right: Alfred Graham, Juno Washington, Rossa B. Cooley. Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0120lb

"Teachers' Group, 1905. Miss Lucy Davis, Mrs. Jenks, Guests." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0120lb

Grace B. House, 2nd from right, bottom step. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0120ra

"Hampton House. Built 1904." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0120ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0120rb

"School Boys, 1904 [March 1905]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0120rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0121l

"First Boarding Department, 1905. Jacob Hipp. Lewis Pinckney. Richard Coles" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0121l

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0121ra

"The Portables - Teachers' Quarters & Dining Room & Kitchen. 1905 [March 1906]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0121ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0121rb

"[Hampton] Teachers - 1905" at Penn School #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0121rb

Standing, left-right: J. E. Blanton, Mary Alice Person, Mabel Hickman, Linnie Lumpkins. Sitting, left-right: Helena McGavitt, Antoinette Norwell, 1905. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0122l

"The Boys Barracks, 1906 - Made from the Portables [Called Camp Lincoln, destroyed by wind storm October 1907]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0122l

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0122ra

"Benezet House. Completed, March 1906." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0122ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0122rb

"First Benezet House Family. [May 1906]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0122rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0123la

"Tide River by Ebenezer Church at Low Tide." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0123la

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0123lb

"Tide River by Ebenezer Church - High Tide [1905]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0123lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0123ra

"Missionary Teachers, 1905. [The Missionary Wagon. Teachers Going to Ring to Mary Jenkins, May 1906]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0123ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0123rb

"Aunt Elsie's Cabin" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0123rb

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0124la

"At the Ferry. Uncle George, Mrs. F.R. Cope in Carriage." Rossa B. Cooley holding horse #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0124la

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0124lb

"Hastings Gantt," 1907 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0124lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0124lc

"Penn School child," April 1904 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0124lc

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0124ld

"Factory Children" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0124ld

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0124r

Island scenic #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0124r

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0125la

"Bringing Milk to Hampton House, 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0125la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0125lb

"Fish for Hampton House, 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0125lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0125r

Island cabin #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0125r

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0126la

"Community Class. Mrs. Dawkins, leader, 1904." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0126la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0126lb

"At the Sales House." 1908 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0126lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0126ra

Teachers' home. #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0126ra

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0126rb

"Thaddeus Watkins at home" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0126rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0127l

"Aunt Betsy Glover, Hopes Plantation" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0127l

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0127ra

"Seeing the First White Faces, 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0127ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0127rb

"Aunt Elsie - at Hampton House for 'Rubbin,'" 1905 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0127rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0128la

"Aunt Jane's Cabin. 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0128la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0128lb

"Aunt Jane & her [old] Cabin. 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0128lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0128ra

"School boys. School house, to work cabin." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0128ra

School boys tearing down old school house to make cabin. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0128rb

"School Carpenter mending leak in Aunt Jane's New Cabin, 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0128rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0128rc

"Old school house, 1901" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0128rc

Aunt Jane's New Cabin, made from boards of the old school house and put up by school boys, 1905. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0129la

"Aunt Jane." 1906 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0129la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0129lb

"Aunt Jane & her new Shawl," 1906 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0129lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0129ra

"Mr. & Mrs. Brown, Penn School Graduates, Palawana Island." 1906 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0129ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0129rb

"Uncle Billy Perry" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0129rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0130l

Woman on road #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0130l

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0130ra

"Threshing Rice, 1905." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0130ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0130rb

"Bowing to de School ladies" 1905 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0130rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0131la

"Mr. [Alfred] Graham and our Sunday dinner." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0131la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0131lb

"On Corner Plantation" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0131lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0131ra

"John Jackson's house" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0131ra

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0131rb

"Aunt Elsie's Cabin" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0131rb

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0131rc

"Hoeing ground nuts" 1906 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0131rc

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0132l

"Dr. [Mary] Harley and some patients, 1906" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0132l

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0132r

"Aunt Satira Washington" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0132r

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0133l

"In the Grove - Ready to march to Darrah Hall." Miss Lumpkins, teacher, 1905 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0133l

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0133ra

"Grade I, Miss Lumpkins, 1904." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0133ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0133rb

"Grade I, Miss Lumpkins, 1904." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0133rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0134la

"Grade II, Mrs. Juno Washington, 1904 [1905]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0134la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0134lb

"Grade III, Miss Florine Washington, 1904 [1905]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0134lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0134ra

"Grade V, Miss Alice Person, 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0134ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0134rb

"Grade IV, Miss Celia Bailey, 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0134rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0135la

"Grade VI, Miss [Viola] Chaplin, 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0135la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0135lb

"Grade VII, Miss [Viola] Chaplin, 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0135lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0135ra

"Grade VIII, Miss [Alice] Lathrop, 1905." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0135ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0135rb

"Grade IX, Miss Murray, 1905." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0135rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0136la

"Alice and Fentris Dawkins, Dan and the Goat! [1905]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0136la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0136lb

"Dan [Geddis at Hampton House], 1904 [1905]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0136lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0136ra

"The Twins - Mahala and Viola Green, 1904 [1905]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0136ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0136rb

"Dan [Geddis], 1904 [1905]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0136rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0137la

"Thomas and Thaddeus Watkins, 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0137la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0137lb

"Alex Brown, 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0137lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0137ra

"Geneva Adele Brown, 1905 [1906]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0137ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0137rb

"Daisy Chisholm, 1905 [1906]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0137rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0138la

"Thomas Watkins, 1905 [1906]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0138la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0138lb

"Thaddeus Watkins, 1905 [1906]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0138lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0138ra

"Dan, 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0138ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0138rb

"Geneva Gregory, 1905 [1906]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0138rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0139la

"Temperance Monday [1906]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0139la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0139lb

"Eddings Point School, Mr. Ezekiel Grant [1906]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0139lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0139ra

"Farmers' Fair Exhibit, 1906 [South Side of Darrah Hall]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0139ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0139rb

"Farmers' Fair Exhibit, 1906 [North Side of Darrah Hall]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0139rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0140la

"Farmers' Fair, 1906." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0140la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0140lb

"Stock Exhibit - Farmers' Fair" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0140lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0140ra

"Mona Smalls and her Exhibit, Sugar Cane, Shuck Mat and Rice." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0140ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0140rb

"Robert Gibbs and his Exhibit - Rice and Corn" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0140rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0141la

"Bale of Long Staple Cotton for Exhibit at Farmers' Fair" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0141la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0141lb

"Farmers' Fair, 1906" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0141lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0141ra

"School Road. [Mrs. Brown's] Lunches for Sale [1906]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0141ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0141rb

"Cotton for the gin [Plantation Road, 1905]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0141rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0142la

Marsh scene #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0142la

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0142lb

Marsh scene #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0142lb

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0142lc

Marsh scene #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0142lc

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0142ld

Marsh scene #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0142ld

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0142ra

"Popes Savannah" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0142ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0142rb

"Palmetto on School Grounds" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0142rb

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0143la

"In Children's Garden, 1905." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0143la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0143lb

"Day school boys picking Cotton [1905]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0143lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0143r

"School boys [and Joshua Blanton] planting Palmetto by Hampton House" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0143r

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0144la

"Palmettos at Eddings Point [November 1905]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0144la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0144lb

"Palmetto on School Grounds" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0144lb

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0144ra

"Shore Line. West side school grounds [1906]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0144ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0144rb

"Shore Line. West side of school grounds." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0144rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0145la

"Road toward Ebenezer Church [1905]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0145la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0145lb

"School Road toward Ebenezer Church [1909]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0145lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0145ra

"School Pump [by the Road; 1906]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0145ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0145rb

"The School Mules Bob & Thaddeus." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0145rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0146la

"Cotton for the gin." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0146la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0146lb

"Turnips for the School [purchased from the store, 1907]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0146lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0146ra

"Ben Brown starting for School from Palawana Island [March 1907]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0146ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0146rb

"Marshes. Palawana Island [on Corner Plantation, 1905]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0146rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0147la

"Road to Hampton House" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0147la

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0147lb

"Hampton House Gates, 1906 [May 1909]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0147lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0147ra

"The Old People [Cabin at Coffins Point, 1905]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0147ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0147rb

"Hastings Gantt, 1907" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0147rb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0148la

"Live Oaks at Port Royal." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0148la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0148lb

"Wood Road. Long needle pines. Mr. Lee's Place." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0148lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0148r

"Community Class, 1906." (Mrs. Juno Washington, far right). #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0148r

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0149la

"Group of students, scholarships paid by Vassar College, 1906 [1908]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0149la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0149lb

"William Gregory and Primus Chisholm" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0149lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0149r

"Grade I, Miss Lumpkins, 1906." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0149r

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0150la

"Planting Pines by Hampton House, 1905 [1906]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0150la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0150lb

"Planting Cotton." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0150lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0150ra

Plowing instructions #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0150ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0150rb

"Sugar Cane Mill - at the School [1907]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0150rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0151la

"Saint Helena Island Baskets, 1906" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0151la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0151lb

"Class in Basketry, Mr. [Alfred] Graham, teacher, 1906." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0151lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0151ra

"Boarding Pupils, 1908" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0151ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0151rb

"Teachers' Group, 1908." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0151rb

Sitting, left-right: unidentified woman, Antoinette Norwell, Rosetta Mason, Linnie Lumpkins, Portia Payton, Lizzie Savage, Rossa B. Cooley. Standing, left-right: unidentified woman, Mabel Hickman, Helena McGavitt, Joshua E. Blanton, Helen Lou James, three unidentified women, and Juno Washington. Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0152l

"Edith Warren, graduate, Ed Middleton, Nancy Wright, Graduate, 1908 [First class for Certification. Ed Middleton failed.]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0152l

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0152r

"Mulberry Hill School" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0152r

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0153l

"Grade III, Miss [Harriet] Morris, teacher, 1908." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0153l

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0153ra

"Grade VII, Miss [Helen Lou] James, teacher, 1908" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0153ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0153rb

"Grades VII & VIII, Miss James, teacher, 1908." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0153rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0154la

"Ready for Community Work [Jubilee & the Sunshine Cart - Miss House & Self, 1908]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0154la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0154lb

"Teachers' Group. Also M. C. Washington and P. Wilson, 1908." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0154lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0154ra

"Eustis School house - before Repairs" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0154ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0154rb

"Eustis School House, repaired by Penn School boys [November 1908]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0154rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0155la

"Marie Seabrook." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0155la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0155lb

"Boarding Girls - Lula Alston & Ophelia Fields [1908]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0155lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0155r

"Arthur Kenlaw, [boarding student] on his arrival. (Pinckney Island)" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0155r

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0156l

"Grade I, Miss Lumpkins, Teacher, May 1909" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0156l

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0156r

"Marion Mitchell in school garden. Help me to be a Farmer [May 1909]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0156r

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0157la

"Benezet House [May 1909]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0157la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0157lb

"Hampton House." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0157lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0157r

"The New Mowing Machine, Mr. Blanton, Farmer" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0157r

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0158la

"The Berkshire (3 wks old) & the Islanders (3 mos. old)" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0158la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0158lb

Island pig (for contrast) #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0158lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0158lc

"Berkshire - 3 weeks old. The last of the native Islanders - 3 months old [1909]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0158lc

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0158ld

"The Berkshires - 1909" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0158ld

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0158r

"Martha and her pigs - Mr. Blanton, Farmer, 1909." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0158r

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0159l

"School boys building the Engine House, 1909." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0159l

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0159r

"Pump House Completed, April 1909" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0159r

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0160la

"School children filling ditches for water pipes." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0160la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0160lb

"The Water Tower. Completed in April 1909. 10,000 gal. 50' Tower." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0160lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0160r

"View of grounds from Water Tank. Benezet, Cope Cottage, & Hampton House" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0160r

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0161la

"Mr. Johnson's Sycamore, one season's growth [1908-1909]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0161la

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0161lb

"Mr. Johnson's Sycamore, one season's growth [1908-1909]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0161lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0161r

"Graduating Class, May 1909." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0161r

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0162l

"Hampton House Yuccas, June 1, 1909 [Used for the Blanton's Wedding]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0162l

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

Image P-3615/0162r

"Wharf at Ladies Island, Beaufort in the distance [June 1909]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 82: 1904-1909" P-3615/0162r

Image is part of Photograph Album 82.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911

Volume II of official Penn School display albums. The volume was assembled and captioned by Rossa B. Cooley. Photographs are by Cooley or Grace B. House unless otherwise indicated (some are by Francis R. Cope, Jr., or Mary Isabel House). Included are pictures of buildings and scenery; individuals, including William R. Towne, brother of Laura M. Towne; Hollis Burke Frissell at the baptism of a teacher's child; work scenes of men pounding rice; Joshua Blanton, agent for demonstration farms, with demonstration farmers; a river baptism near Ebenezer Baptist Church; and pictures taken on a trip to Savannah, Ga., in 1910.

Photograph Album PA-3615/83

Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" PA-3615/83

Image P-3615/0164l

"Founders Hall, 1909." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0164l

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0164ra

"Hampton House, 1904." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0164ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0164rb

"Hampton House, 1908" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0164rb

Taken from South showing the pine trees. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0165la

"Carpenter's Cottage [before removal], 1904 [1905]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0165la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0165lb

"Cope Cottage - The Carpenter's Cottage moved and enlarged [1909]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0165lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0165ra

"Cope Cottage - Nurse's office at right of picture [1909]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0165ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0165rb

"Cherokee Cottage [1909]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0165rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0166la

"Scholarship Group. Through Horatio Carter Esq [1908]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0166la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0166lb

"Aunt Jane [Brantley], 1905." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0166lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0166ra

"Grade VI. Miss McGavitt, Teacher, 1908." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0166ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0166rb

"Group of Teachers, 1908." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0166rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0167la

"Grade II. Miss Savage, Teacher, 1908 [1910]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0167la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0167lb

"Carpenter Shop & Supply Shed, 1905." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0167lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0167ra

"Hastings Gantt's Home on Corner Plantation [May 1909]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0167ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0167rb

"Ruins of Chapel of Ease, Saint Helena Island [Old Tabby Church, 1909]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0167rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0168la

"Ruins of Old Fort, Port Royal, S.C. [1906]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0168la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0168lb

"Ruins of Old Fort, Port Royal, S.C. [1906]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0168lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0168ra

"St. John School. Miss Hickman, Teacher, 1909." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0168ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0168rb

"St. John School, 1909." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0168rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0169la

"Making Community Visits, Miss Hyde and Mrs. Purves, 1909." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0169la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0169lb

"Mrs. Purves - on our way to Aunt Riah's, 1909" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0169lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0169ra

"On Hopes Plantation - 1909 [Boy on Steer, met on drive with Mrs. Purves & Miss Hyde]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0169ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0169rb

"Dan Geddis - 1905," On Hampton House porch #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0169rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0170la

"Mrs. Juno Washington, Sales House, 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0170la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0170lb

"Dan Geddis - 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0170lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0170ra

"Ebenezer Church - 1906" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0170ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0170rb

"Mrs. Davidene Brown, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0170rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0171la

"Dan Geddis, 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0171la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0171lb

"Grade I, Miss Massey, 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0171lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0171ra

"Grade III. Miss Payton [May]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0171ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0171rb

"Grade IV, Miss Ada Price, 1909." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0171rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0172la

"Grade IV, [Miss Price, teacher], Miss Pearl Miles, Substitute, 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0172la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0172lb

"Grade IV, Miss Miles, 1910 [1908]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0172lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0172ra

"Grade V. Mr. [John F.] Burrell, 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0172ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0172rb

"Grade V, Mr. Burrell, [April] 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0172rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0173la

"Grade VII. Miss Julia Price, April 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0173la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0173lb

"Dan Geddis - 1905" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0173lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0173ra

"Mrs. Juno Washington and 'Grand,' 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0173ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0173rb

"Mrs. Rivenna Wrotten, 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0173rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0174la

"Patch [Holstein cow] & the new calf - born 1910. Taken that morning." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0174la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0174lb

"School Mules, 'Chance' and 'Eddie' [1910]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0174lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0174ra

"Plantation drive - Mrs. F. R. Cope & Theodora Cope, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0174ra

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0174rb

"Adam Graham, & Theodora Cope, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0174rb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0174rc

"Alfred Graham & Family - 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0174rc

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0175la

"On the trip to Savannah - Mrs. F. R. Cope, Theodora, Grace B. House, & Rossa B. Cooley, February 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0175la

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0175lb

"On the trip to Savannah, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0175lb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0175ra

"River at Mr. Lee's place, on 'Tom Fripp' - 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0175ra

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0175rb

"On the Trip to Savannah, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0175rb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0176la

"On the trip to Savannah, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0176la

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0176lb

"On the trip to Savannah, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0176lb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0176ra

"Trip to Savannah, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0176ra

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0176rb

"Trip to Savannah, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0176rb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0177la

"Trip to Savannah, 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0177la

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0177lb

"Alfred Graham & Family, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0177lb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0177r

"Trip to Savannah, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0177r

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0178la

"Trip to Savannah, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0178la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0178lb

"Trip to Savannah, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0178lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0178ra

"Trip to Savannah, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0178ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0178rb

"Trip to Savannah, 1910, Oyster House. " #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0178rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0179la

"Trip to Savannah, 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0179la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0179lb

"Trip to Savannah, 1910. 'Imogene.'" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0179lb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0179r

"Trees planted by boys in 1906, shows growth in 4 years [May 1910]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0179r

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0180l

"Shows growth of trees in 4 years, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0180l

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0180ra

"Hampton House Gates - 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0180ra

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0180rb

"River on N. side sch. grounds [by Ebenezer, 1910]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0180rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0181la

"Wharf at end of School grounds, 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0181la

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0181lb

"River at W. Side School grounds, 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0181lb

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0181ra

"Coffins Point, 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0181ra

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0181rb

"The Young & the Old Farmers, taken by Mrs. House [On the Lowe Farm, 1910]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0181rb

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0182la

"Passing under the Flags - 1910" (Entering Founders Hall) #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0182la

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0182lb

"Agriculture Class - Mr. Blanton, 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0182lb

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0182ra

"The Balky Ox - on 'John Fripp,' 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0182ra

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0182rb

"Sunday morning. Mr. Thos. Cope and Mrs. House, 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0182rb

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0183la

"Group of Teachers, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0183la

On porch, left-right: unidentified woman, Linnie Lumpkins (partially obscured), Mabel Hickman, Nurse L. Viola Ford, unidentified woman,. Rosetta Mason, two unidentified women, and Antoinette Norwell on right. On steps, left-right: Portia Payton, unidentified woman, Joshua E. Blanton. Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0183lb

"Annie Chisholm, Clarinda Byas at Hampton House, 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0183lb

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0183r

"Penn School children on the Home Farm. 'Fuller Plantation,' 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0183r

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0184la

"Mr. & Mrs. Blanton & 'Frank,' Nurse Ford, Miss Mason, 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0184la

Left-right: Nurse L. Viola Ford, Rosetta Mason, Mrs. Linnie Blanton, Frank, Joshua E. Blanton. Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0184lb

"Group of Workers, 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0184lb

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0184ra

"Penn School children, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0184ra

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0184rb

"Penn School children, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0184rb

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0185l

"Penn School children at recess, 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0185l

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0185r

"Lake in Magnolia Gardens. Charleston, S.C., 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0185r

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0186la

"Home of Mr. & Mrs. Jo. [and Isabella] Heywood. Graduates of Penn School [1910]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0186la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0186lb

"Isabella Heywood and Baby Mary Isabel [July 1910]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0186lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0186ra

"Isabella Heywood and her baby Mary Isabel - 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0186ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0186rb

"Isabella Heywood & Baby Mary Isabel - at Hampton House, 1910" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0186rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0187la

"Jasmine Cottage - July 30, 1910 - Mr. Watson, Carpenter." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0187la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0187lb

"Jasmine Cottage, January 1911" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0187lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0187ra

"The School Corn - July 30, 1910, Mr. Blanton - farmer." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0187ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0187rb

"Corn. Penn School, Mr. Blanton's Field." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0187rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0188la

"Corn on Mr. Bolles Demon.[stration] Plot, July 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0188la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0188lb

"Corn at Rev. D. C. Washington's Demonstration Plot, July 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0188lb

Rossa B. Cooley in field. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0188ra

"Corn on Demonstration Plot at the right, planted 10 days later, 1910." [Corn. Contrast Mr. Primus Chisom, May 31, 1910.] #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0188ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0188rb

"Penn School Corn, July 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0188rb

Rossa B. Cooley in field. Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0189la

"Corn on Rev. D. C. Washington's field - old method, May 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0189la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0189lb

"Corn on Rev. D. C. Washington's field - new method. Planted 10 days later, May 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0189lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0189r

"Corn on D. C. Washington's Demonstration plot. Mr. Blanton in field, July 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0189r

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0190la

"River at W. Side of School Grounds, 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0190la

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0190lb

"River on N. Side of School Grounds 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0190lb

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0190ra

"Penn School Workers, 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0190ra

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0190rb

"River by Ebenezer Church." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0190rb

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0191la

"Frogmore." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0191la

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0191lb

"Eddings Point School (1910)" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0191lb

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0191ra

"After Recess - Gannott School (1910)" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0191ra

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0191rb

"Mulberry Hill School (1910)" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0191rb

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0192l

"Community Class by Nurse's Office [March 1910]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0192l

Photograph by Mary I. House. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0192ra

"Mr. John House & Rossa B. Cooley. High Tide of October 19, 1910. River over Road." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0192ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0192rb

"Mr. John House & Miss House. High Tide of October 19, 1910. River to palmetto." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0192rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0193la

"High Tide of October 19, 1910. The River by Ebenezer Church over road." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0193la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0193lb

"High Tide of October 19, 1910. River by Ebenezer Church. Gen. Wyne Coming up the Road." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0193lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0193ra

"The Baptizing. Ebenezer Church, October 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0193ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0193rb

"The Baptizing. Ebenezer Church, October 1910." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0193rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0194la

"Rear of Hampton House. Growth of Trees - in 6 yrs." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0194la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0194lb

"Rear of Hampton House. Growth of Trees, etc., in 6 yrs." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0194lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0194ra

Rear of Hampton House. #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0194ra

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0194rb

"Farmers' Fair, November 4, 1910, Platform in Darrah Hall." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0194rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0195la

"Farmers' Fair - November 4, 1910, Exhibit in Darrah Hall." Side wall (left). #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0195la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0195lb

"Farmers' Fair - November 4, 1910 - Exhibits in Darrah Hall." Side wall (right). #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0195lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0195ra

"The School Grove, January 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0195ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0195rb

"Cherokee Cottage from the South, January 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0195rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0196l

"The School Berkshires, January 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0196l

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0196ra

"Clorinda and Nice [Mrs. Rosa Smith - our cook], January 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0196ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0196rb

"Allen Green, January 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0196rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0197la

"Pounding Rice - at Capt. Brown's, January 1911" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0197la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0197lb

"Pounding Rice, January 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0197lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0197ra

"Pounding Rice, January 11, 1911" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0197ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0197rb

"Fanning Rice, January 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0197rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0198r

"Fernando Fields - Eustis Plantation." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0198r

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0199la

"Marian Mitchell. In School Garden." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0199la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0199lb

"Marian Mitchell. Penn School Garden. 'Help me to be a Farmer.'" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0199lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0199ra

"School Battalion, March 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0199ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0199rb

"School Battalion, March 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0199rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0200l

"School Battalion, March 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0200l

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0200ra

"School Battalion, March 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0200ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0200rb

"School Battalion." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0200rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0201la

"Group Penn School children coming out to see the Drill" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0201la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0201lb

"Group Penn School children coming out to see the Drill" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0201lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0201ra

"Boys at Recess - March 1911" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0201ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0201rb

"At Hampton House, March 1911." Boy in oxcart. #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0201rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0202l

"[Rossa B. Cooley] On 'Welcome,' March 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0202l

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0202ra

"Miss Lizzie Savage, April 17, 1911" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0202ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0202rb

"Room E. Making Corn Shuck mats. Miss Savage, Teacher." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0202rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0203la

"Mr. William R. Towne, March 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0203la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0203lb

"Mr. William R. Towne, March 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0203lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0203ra

"Mr. William R. Towne, Dr. Byrd, Mr. Macdonald, March 1911" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0203ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0203rb

"Mr. William R. Towne, March 1911" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0203rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0204la

"Mr. William R. Towne, March 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0204la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0204lb

"Mr. William R. Towne, Dr. Byrd, Mr. Macdonald, March 1911" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0204lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0204ra

"Carol V. Blanton, Mrs. C. F. House. Easter Monday, 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0204ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0204rb

"Group at Hampton House after Baptism of Carol Blanton. Easter Monday, 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0204rb

Mrs. C. F House, holding infant; Linnie Lumpkins Blanton, 5th from left; Anthony Watson and Horace B. Frissell; Grace B. House, 3rd from right; Anne Burwell, small girl. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0205la

"Mr. & Mrs. J. E. Blanton. Carol Valerie Blanton. Easter Monday, 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0205la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0205lb

"Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Blanton, after the Baptism. Easter Monday, 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0205lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0205r

"Group of Boarding Girls. April 17, 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0205r

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0206la

"Ruins of the Chapel of Ease. Saint Helena Island [April 1911]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0206la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0206lb

"Monday Smalls by the Chapel of Ease [April 1911]." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0206lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0206ra

"The Watson Family - February 1911" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0206ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0206rb

"Mr. & Mrs. Anthony Watson, Anthony Watson Jr., Rebecca and Napoleon." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0206rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0207la

"Anthony Watson, Jr., February 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0207la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0207lb

"Anthony Watson, Jr., February 1911" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0207lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0207r

"The River by Palmetto Cottage, February 1911" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0207r

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0208la

"Palmetto Cottage, February 1911" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0208la

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0208lb

"Palmetto Cottage, February 1911" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0208lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0208ra

"Founders Day, 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0208ra

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0208rb

"On the Road to the ferry." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0208rb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0208rc

Palmetto Cottage #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0208rc

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0209la

"Theodora Cope, G. B. House, Mrs. House, Mrs. F. R. Cope, Miss J. Morris, Rossa B. Cooley," circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0209la

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0209lb

Left-right: Rossa B. Cooley, Anthony Watson, Jr., Anne Burwell, Theodora Cope, circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0209lb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0209lc

Palmetto trees, circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0209lc

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0209ld

"Anthony Watson Jr., Theodora Cope, Anne Burwell," circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0209ld

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0209ra

"Palmettos at Frogmore," circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0209ra

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0209rb

"Wharf at Ladies Island," circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0209rb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0209rc

Marsh scenes, circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0209rc

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0209rd

Marsh scenes, circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0209rd

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0210la

Island landscape, March 1912 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0210la

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0210lb

Island landscape, March 1912 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0210lb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0210lc

Island landscape, March 1912 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0210lc

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0210ld

Island landscape, March 1912 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0210ld

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0210ra

"Theodora Cope, 1911." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0210ra

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0210rb

"Margaret Macdonald, Theodora Cope, Elizabeth Macdonald," circa 1911-1912 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0210rb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0211la

"Mr. J. E. Blanton and the [Farm] Demonstrators - Land's End." March 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0211la

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0211lb

"Mr. J. E. Blanton & Demonstrators," March 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0211lb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0211lc

"Mr. J. E. Blanton & Dennis Freeman. Demonstrator," March 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0211lc

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0211ld

"Mr. J. E. Blanton & Demonstrators." March 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0211ld

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0211ra

Island scene, circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0211ra

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0211rb

"Road at Old Fort," circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0211rb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0211rc

"Palmettos at Frogmore," circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0211rc

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0212la

Coast Palmettos, circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0212la

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0212lb

"Child near Old Fort," circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0212lb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0212lc

Island scene, circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0212lc

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0212ra

"In Magnolia Gardens near Charleston," circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0212ra

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0212rb

"In Magnolia Gardens near Charleston," circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0212rb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0212rc

Coast Palmettos, March 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0212rc

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0213la

"Port Royal Inn," circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0213la

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0213lb

"Walls of Old Fort," circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0213lb

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0213lc

"Woods near Old Fort," circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0213lc

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

Image P-3615/0213r

"Road near Old Fort," circa 1911 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 83: 1904-1911" P-3615/0213r

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 83.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906

Assembled and captioned by Rossa B. Cooley, with photographs by Cooley or Grace B. House unless otherwise indicated. These photographs are mainly duplicates of prints found in Volumes 80 and 82 and on microfilm between frames 0071 and 0094 and frames 0115 and 0162.

Photograph Album PA-3615/84

Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906 #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" PA-3615/84

Image P-3615/0215l

Island boy #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0215l

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0215r

"First School house for Negroes in the South." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0215r

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0216l

"Founders Hall - 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0216l

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0216ra

The first Penn School #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0216ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0216rb

The first Penn School #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0216rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0217l

"Boarding Boys & Girls" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0217l

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0217r

"Marching to Darrah Hall on Temperance Monday" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0217r

Photograph by Francis R. Cope, Jr. Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0218l

Gate leading into Penn School #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0218l

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0218r

"St. John School - for Primary Classes" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0218r

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0219la

"Hampton House, 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0219la

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0219lb

"Hampton House, Benezet in the distance (In the Old Cotton Field)" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0219lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0219r

"Benezet House," dormitory #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0219r

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0220l

"The New Barn" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0220l

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0220r

"Cedar Cottage - called Cope Cottage, a Teacher's house" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0220r

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0221l

"Miss Murray's Horse - 'Pleasant' - ready for her dinner - Corn 'blades'" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0221l

Photograph by Helen C. Jenks. Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0221r

The first Penn School #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0221r

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0222l

"Road to the 'Corner' [Plantation]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0222l

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0222r

"Penn School Road" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0222r

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0223l

"Chapel of Ease - Destroyed by a woods fire after the War." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0223l

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0223r

"Road to Frogmore" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0223r

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0224l

"First Group of Teachers [from Hampton]" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0224l

Left-right: Helena McGavitt, Mary Alice Person, Antoinette Norwell, Mabel Hickman, J. E. Blanton, Linnie Lumpkins. Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0224r

"Temperance Monday - Ready to March to Darrah Hall" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0224r

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0225l

"Grade I, Miss Linnie Lumpkins" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0225l

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0225r

"County School on Saint Helena" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0225r

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0226l

"Agriculture begins at Penn, Every Child a Garden, 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0226l

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0226r

"'Agriculture' at Penn, 1904" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0226r

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0227l

"Class with Mr. J. E. Blanton" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0227l

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0227r

"Cotton Field at Penn" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0227r

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0228l

"Planting the Palmettos by Hampton House," Mr. Blanton helping school boys #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0228l

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0228r

"Palmettos for Hampton House" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0228r

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0229l

"Basketry at Penn - Alfred Graham - Teacher." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0229l

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0229r

Penn students #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0229r

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0230la

"Thaddeus Watkins" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0230la

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0230lb

"Thaddeus & Tim." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0230lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0230r

"Thaddeus at Home on Corner Plantation" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0230r

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0231la

"Dan & the Dawkins Children" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0231la

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0231lb

"Dan Geddes." #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0231lb

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0231ra

"'The Little Foe' - in Miss House's Story" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0231ra

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0231rb

Dan Geddes #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0231rb

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.

Image P-3615/0232l

"On the Road to the Corner Store" #03615, Subseries: "Photograph Album 84: 1904-1906" P-3615/0232l

Image is part of Photograph Album 84.