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Collection Number: 03331

Collection Title: Christian Thomas Pfohl Papers, 1860-1864

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


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Size About 100 items.
Abstract MICROFILM ONLY. Pfohl worked as a bookkeeper for the textile manufacturing firm of F. & H. Fries, Salem, N.C. He also lived in the household of Francis Fries. The F. & H. Fries firm manufactured jeans for Confederate uniforms during the Civil War, and C. T. Pfohl was exempt from active military duty because of the essential nature of his work. In addition, these letters from family and friends indicate that his physical condition was delicate; however, he did go on active duty in November 1864. Chiefly letters of four of C. T. Pfohl's friends while serving in the Confederate Army, including his cousin William J. Pfohl, a major at the time of his death in October 1864; Sam C. James, a captain at the time of his death in the summer of 1864; Henry W. Barrow, who worked largely with the wagons accompanying the regiment; and Dr. John Francis Shaffner (1838-1908), physician, who later married Carolina L. Fries. All the friends started out together with the Forsyth Rifles, organized in the summer of 1861, which became part of the 11th Regiment of North Carolina Volunteers. This regiment became the 21st North Carolina Infantry in 1862. Dr. Shaffner was separated from the others and served in the 33rd and 4th North Carolina regiments and had various medical and hospital assignments. Letters from 23 June 1861-16 November 1864 were written from northern Virginia and mention Manassas, Centreville, Gordonsville, Orange, Winchester, Strasburg, and Fredericksburg. Letters, January-February 1864, were written at Kinston, N.C. Dr. Shaffner was in northern Virginia most of the time, but also wrote from New Bern, N.C., January-April 1862. There is constant discussion of clothes and boots, which the soldiers wanted Pfohl to send them. There is also frequent mention of mutual friends from Salem--both those in the army and those at home--and discussion of politics and elections, the organization and selection of officers in the regiments, and desertion. Dr. Shaffner's letters contain comments on the health of the troops, medical advice to C. T. Pfohl, and discussions of the course of the war in general and the outlook for the Confederacy. The only items not written by the four friends are scattered business letters, occasional official communications about C. T. Pfohl's army status, and letters exchanged between him and his family after his enlistment.
Creator Pfohl, Christian Thomas, 1838-1909.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Christian Thomas Pfohl Papers, #3331, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Location of Originals
items privately owned as of 1969.
Additional Descriptive Resources
A more complete finding aid for this collection is available at the Southern Historical Collection.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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Pfohl worked as a bookkeeper for the textile manufacturing firm of F. & H. Fries, Salem, N.C. He also lived in the household of Francis Fries. The F. & H. Fries firm manufactured jeans for Confederate uniforms during the Civil War, and C. T. Pfohl was exempt from active military duty because of the essential nature of his work. In addition, these letters from family and friends indicate that his physical condition was delicate; however, he did go on active duty in November 1864.

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MICROFILM ONLY. Chiefly letters of four of C. T. Pfohl's friends while serving in the Confederate Army, including his cousin William J. Pfohl, a major at the time of his death in October 1864; Sam C. James, a captain at the time of his death in the summer of 1864; Henry W. Barrow, who worked largely with the wagons accompanying the regiment; and Dr. John Francis Shaffner (1838-1908), physician, who later married Carolina L. Fries. All the friends started out together with the Forsyth Rifles, organized in the summer of 1861, which became part of the 11th Regiment of North Carolina Volunteers.

This regiment became the 21st North Carolina Infantry in 1862. Dr. Shaffner was separated from the others and served in the 33rd and 4th North Carolina regiments and had various medical and hospital assignments. Letters from 23 June 1861-16 November 1864 were written from northern Virginia and mention Manassas, Centreville, Gordonsville, Orange, Winchester, Strasburg, and Fredericksburg. Letters, January-February 1864, were written at Kinston, N.C. Dr. Shaffner was in northern Virginia most of the time, but also wrote from New Bern, N.C., January-April 1862. There is constant discussion of clothes and boots, which the soldiers wanted Pfohl to send them.

There is also frequent mention of mutual friends from Salem--both those in the army and those at home--and discussion of politics and elections, the organization and selection of officers in the regiments, and desertion. Dr. Shaffner's letters contain comments on the health of the troops, medical advice to C. T. Pfohl, and discussions of the course of the war in general and the outlook for the Confederacy. The only items not written by the four friends are scattered business letters, occasional official communications about C. T. Pfohl's army status, and letters exchanged between him and his family after his enlistment.

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

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