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Collection Number: 02169

Collection Title: Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 (bulk 1915-1942).

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities; this finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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Size 12.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 9,000 items)
Abstract Joseph Hyde Pratt was a mining engineer; mineralogist; geologist; and educator. The collection includes professional correspondence, 1915-1942, scientific writings, reports, notes, clippings, programs, pamphlets, bulletins, releases, and other material. Much material is related to the N.C. Geological Survey, which Pratt served as mineralogist, 1897-1906; to the Geological and Economic Survey, which he headed when he was state geologist, 1906-1923; to his work as professor of geology at the University of North Carolina, 1898-1925; and to his work as engineer-consultant for the United States Geological Survey in the 1930s. Also included are materials related to the North Carolina good roads movement and to various organizations for conservation and development of fisheries, forests, minerals, water, and other resources.
Creator Pratt, Joseph Hyde, 1870-1942.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, #2169, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Mrs. Joseph Hyde Pratt and Joseph Hyde Pratt Junior between 1942 and 1952.
Additional materials received from Joseph Hyde Pratt Junior of Rochester, Minn., January 1991 (Acc. 91015).
Additional Descriptive Resources
A copy of the original finding aid for this collection is filed in folder 1a.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Joseph Hyde Pratt (1870-1942), a native of Hartford, Conn., received his bachelor's degree from the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale University in 1893. In 1892 and in subsequent summers he was employed by the North Carolina Geological Survey, with S. L. Penfield and under Joseph Austin Holmes, North Carolina state geologist. In the winters he did graduate work in chemistry and mineralogy and taught at Yale and Harvard universities. He received his Ph.D. in 1896.

In 1897 Pratt was briefly general manager of the Toxaway Company in Jackson County, N.C., and at the same time became mineralogist to the North Carolina Geological Survey and a consulting mining engineer. He was lecturer in mineralogy at the University of North Carolina, 1898-1901, and professor of economic geology at the university, 1904-1925.

Pratt served as the North Carolina state mineralogist, 1897-1906; was acting state geologist in the absence of Joseph Austin Holmes, 1905; and was state geologist, 1906-1923. He was also secretary of the North Carolina Good Roads Association, 1905-1920; and was sometime president of the North Carolina Drainage Association, North Carolina Forestry Association, Southern Appalachian Power Conference, and North Carolina Conference for Social Service; secretary of North Carolina Fisheries Association; and participated actively in other such organizations at the state, regional, and national level. He also wrote and published in his field and was retained by numerous mining companies as consulting engineer. From 1918 to 1919 he served with the 105th Engineers, 30th Division, American Expeditionary Force.

Pratt was also one of the organizers of the Made-in-Carolina Association, 1922; was president of Western North Carolina, Inc., 1925-1927; member of Appalachian Forest Research Council and Southern Forestry Congress; and engineer-consultant for the United States Geological Survey in the 1930s, serving sometime in Washington, D.C., and sometime as regional consultant in Chapel Hill, N.C.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection includes professional correspondence, 1915-1942, scientific writings, reports, notes, clippings, programs, pamphlets, bulletins, releases, and other material. Much material is related to the North Carolina Geological Survey, 1897-1906; to the Geological and Economic Survey, 1906-1923; to his work as professor of geology at the University of North Carolina, 1898-1925; and to his work as engineer-consultant for the United States Geological Survey in the 1930s. Also included are materials related to the North Carolina good roads movement and to various organizations for conservation and development of fisheries, forests, minerals, water, and other resources. There are also several maps of wartime-France and a training manual related to Pratt's enlistment with the 105th Engineers, 30th Division, American Expeditionary Force, 1918-1919.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated.

Folder 1a

Original finding aid #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 1a

Folder 1-19

Folder 1

Folder 2

Folder 3

Folder 4

Folder 5

Folder 6

Folder 7

Folder 8

Folder 9

Folder 10

Folder 11

Folder 12

Folder 13

Folder 14

Folder 15

Folder 16

Folder 17

Folder 18

Folder 19

Clippings, North Carolina Roads, 1911-1912 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 1-19

Folder 20

Report, "Preliminary Report on Gold Deposits in North Carolina and South Carolina," by J. T. Pardee, 1935 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 20

Folder 21

Volume 1: Scrapbook, Joseph Hyde Pratt, 1889-1893 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 21

Folder 22

Volume 2: Scrapbook, minerals in North Carolina, 1900-1909 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 22

Folder 23

Volume 3: Scrapbook, circulars and bulletins, North Carolina Good Roads, 1902-1912 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 23

Folder 24

Volume 4: Notebook, field notes and observations, North Carolina Geological Survey, 1906 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 24

Folder 25

Volume 5: Assay book, Joseph Hyde Pratt, 1907? #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 25

Folder 26

Volume 6: Scrapbook, Forestry Division, 1908-1912 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 26

Folder 27

Volume 7: Scrapbook, Good Roads, 1909-1912 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 27

Folder 28

Volume 8: Scrapbook, Good Roads, 1911-1913 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 28

Folder 29

Volume 9: Scrapbook, North Carolina Geological and Economic Survey, 1912-1915 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 29

Folder 30

Volume 10: Scrapbook, Good Roads and North Carolina Forestry Association, 1920 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 30

Folder 31

Volume 11: Scrapbook, New Deal economic recovery and relief efforts, 1934-1935 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 31

Oversize Volume SV-2169/12

Volume 12: Personal scrapbook, Joseph Hyde Pratt, 1893-1895 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." SV-2169/12

Folder 32

Volume 13: "Resume of Chemical Work done for North Carolina Geological Survey from 1891 through 1898," by Joseph Austin Holmes #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 32

Folder 33a

1675, 1767, 1858, 1898 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 33a

Folder 33b

1896 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 33b

Folder 34-40

Folder 34

Folder 35

Folder 36

Folder 37

Folder 38

Folder 39

Folder 40

1915 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 34-40

Folder 41-51

Folder 41

Folder 42

Folder 43

Folder 44

Folder 45

Folder 46

Folder 47

Folder 48

Folder 49

Folder 50

Folder 51

1916 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 41-51

Folder 52-61

Folder 52

Folder 53

Folder 54

Folder 55

Folder 56

Folder 57

Folder 58

Folder 59

Folder 60

Folder 61

1917 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 52-61

Folder 62-70

Folder 62

Folder 63

Folder 64

Folder 65

Folder 66

Folder 67

Folder 68

Folder 69

Folder 70

1918 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 62-70

Folder 71-81

Folder 71

Folder 72

Folder 73

Folder 74

Folder 75

Folder 76

Folder 77

Folder 78

Folder 79

Folder 80

Folder 81

1919 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 71-81

Folder 82-85

Folder 82

Folder 83

Folder 84

Folder 85

1920 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 82-85

Folder 86-89

Folder 86

Folder 87

Folder 88

Folder 89

1921 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 86-89

Folder 90

1922 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 90

Folder 91-92

Folder 91

Folder 92

1923 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 91-92

Folder 93-104

Folder 93

Folder 94

Folder 95

Folder 96

Folder 97

Folder 98

Folder 99

Folder 100

Folder 101

Folder 102

Folder 103

Folder 104

1924 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 93-104

Folder 105-109

Folder 105

Folder 106

Folder 107

Folder 108

Folder 109

1925 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 105-109

Folder 110-116

Folder 110

Folder 111

Folder 112

Folder 113

Folder 114

Folder 115

Folder 116

1926 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 110-116

Folder 117-122

Folder 117

Folder 118

Folder 119

Folder 120

Folder 121

Folder 122

1927 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 117-122

Folder 123-129

Folder 123

Folder 124

Folder 125

Folder 126

Folder 127

Folder 128

Folder 129

1928 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 123-129

Folder 130

1929 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 130

Folder 131-133

Folder 131

Folder 132

Folder 133

1930 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 131-133

Folder 134-147

Folder 134

Folder 135

Folder 136

Folder 137

Folder 138

Folder 139

Folder 140

Folder 141

Folder 142

Folder 143

Folder 144

Folder 145

Folder 146

Folder 147

1931 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 134-147

Folder 148-158

Folder 148

Folder 149

Folder 150

Folder 151

Folder 152

Folder 153

Folder 154

Folder 155

Folder 156

Folder 157

Folder 158

1932 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 148-158

Folder 159-167

Folder 159

Folder 160

Folder 161

Folder 162

Folder 163

Folder 164

Folder 165

Folder 166

Folder 167

1933 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 159-167

Folder 168-182

Folder 168

Folder 169

Folder 170

Folder 171

Folder 172

Folder 173

Folder 174

Folder 175

Folder 176

Folder 177

Folder 178

Folder 179

Folder 180

Folder 181

Folder 182

1934 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 168-182

Folder 183-206

Folder 183

Folder 184

Folder 185

Folder 186

Folder 187

Folder 188

Folder 189

Folder 190

Folder 191

Folder 192

Folder 193

Folder 194

Folder 195

Folder 196

Folder 197

Folder 198

Folder 199

Folder 200

Folder 201

Folder 202

Folder 203

Folder 204

Folder 205

Folder 206

1935 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 183-206

Folder 207-209

Folder 207

Folder 208

Folder 209

1936 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 207-209

Folder 210-213

Folder 210

Folder 211

Folder 212

Folder 213

1937 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 210-213

Folder 214-238

Folder 214

Folder 215

Folder 216

Folder 217

Folder 218

Folder 219

Folder 220

Folder 221

Folder 222

Folder 223

Folder 224

Folder 225

Folder 226

Folder 227

Folder 228

Folder 229

Folder 230

Folder 231

Folder 232

Folder 233

Folder 234

Folder 235

Folder 236

Folder 237

Folder 238

1938 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 214-238

Folder 239-254

Folder 239

Folder 240

Folder 241

Folder 242

Folder 243

Folder 244

Folder 245

Folder 246

Folder 247

Folder 248

Folder 249

Folder 250

Folder 251

Folder 252

Folder 253

Folder 254

1939 #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 239-254

Folder 255

Obituary, biographical sketch #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 255

Folder 256

Work with J. E. Crawford #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 256

Folder 257-260

Folder 257

Folder 258

Folder 259

Folder 260

Undated material #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 257-260

Folder 261-263

Folder 261

Folder 262

Folder 263

World War I maps, France #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 261-263

Folder 264

Program of training, 105th Engineer Regiment #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 264

Folder 265-270

Folder 265

Folder 266

Folder 267

Folder 268

Folder 269

Folder 270

Clippings, assorted #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 265-270

Folder 271

Fragile letter #02169, Series: "Joseph Hyde Pratt Papers, 1889-1942 and undated." Folder 271

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

Updated by: Kate Stratton and Jodi Berkowitz, September 2009

This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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