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Collection Number: 00641

Collection Title: Thomas Ruffin Papers, 1753-1898

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


This collection was processed with support, in part, from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Division of Preservation and Access.

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Size 26.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 19,000 items)
Abstract Thomas Ruffin, chief justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court, planter, and politician, served in the North Carolina House of Commons, 1813-1816; as judge of the Superior Court, 1816-1818; as reporter of the Supreme Court of North Carolina, 1820-1822; and as judge of the Superior Court in 1825-1828. Ruffin became president of the State Bank of North Carolina in 1828. He was elected judge of the Supreme Court of North Carolina in 1829 and became chief justice in 1833. He served as chief justice until 1852 and again from 1858 to 1859. Ruffin was president of the North Carolina Agricultural Society, 1854-1860. He was a delegate to the Washington Peace Conference and to the North Carolina Secession Convention in 1861. The collection includes correspondence, financial and legal papers, and other papers of Thomas Ruffin, and correspondence and financial records of his father, Sterling Ruffin. Major topics are family concerns, especially relating to women; work on plantations in Rockingham, Caswell, and Alamance counties, N.C.; Ruffin's legal practice; borrowing and lending money; the State Bank; Ruffin's other business ventures, including a slave-trading partnership; and his brother's business in Alabama. There is considerable correspondence with merchants in Petersburg, Va., Hillsborough, N.C., and Fayetteville, N.C., about debt collection and legal business. Letters about national politics appear particularly around the War of 1812 and the Civil War. Also included are letters from two of Ruffin's sons who were officers in the Confederate army (5th North Carolina Infantry Regiment and 13th North Carolina Infantry Regiment), and letters about political and economic conditions in the Confederacy. There are letters as well from family members who were students at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, 1813 through the 1840s. Among the correspondents are Ruffin's father-in-law, William Kirkland; his sons-in-law, J. B. G. Roulhac and Paul Carrington Cameron; and friends and business associates, including Archibald De Bow Murphey, Duncan Cameron, and George Badger.
Creator Ruffin, Thomas, 1787-1870.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Thomas Ruffin Papers #641, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received through gift and purchase from various sources, beginning before 1940 and continuing through 1984. Addition of November 2007 purchased from B & L Rootenberg (Acc. 100549).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Thomas Ruffin, planter, jurist, and politician, was born 17 November 1787 at Newington in King and Queen County, Va. His parents were Sterling and Alice Roane Ruffin. Sterling Ruffin was a planter in Essex County, Va., who subsequently moved to North Carolina and died in Caswell County.

Thomas Ruffin was educated at Warrenton Academy, 1801-1803, in Warrenton, N.C. He attended Princeton University, 1803-1805, and received his A.B. He read law in Petersburg, Va., under David Robertson, 1806-1807, and in North Carolina under Archibald D. Murphey, 1807-1808. Ruffin was admitted to the bar and moved to Hillsborough, N.C., in 1809.

Ruffin married Anne McNabb Kirkland (1794-1875) on 7 December 1809. Anne Kirkland was the daughter of William Kirkland, a Hillsborough merchant, and Margaret Scott Kirkland. Thomas and Anne Ruffin had fourteen children--Catherine Roane, William Kirkland, Anne, Alice Roane, Sterling, Peter Browne, George McNeill, Elizabeth, Thomas, Susan Mary, Jane Minerva, Martha (Patty) Phebe, John Kirkland, and Sarah (Sally) Nash Ruffin. Anne Ruffin's nephew, Duncan K. MacRae, lived with the Ruffins for several years after his mother died.

For most of his adult life, Ruffin owned two plantations--one in Rockingham County and the Hermitage in Alamance County, N.C. Ruffin was an agricultural innovator and a pioneer in scientific farming. He planted a variety of crops, looked for new ways to improve his soil through fertilizers, and maintained close contact with his cousin Edmund Ruffin, a noted antebellum agricultural reformer. He served as President of the North Carolina Agricultural Society from 1854 until 1860.

While living in Hillsborough, Ruffin served, 1813-1815, in the House of Commons. He was a presidential elector on the Monroe ticket in 1816. He was elected Judge of the Superior Court, 1818; reporter of the Supreme Court of North Carolina, 1820-1822; candidate for presidential elector on the Crawford ticket, 1824; and again as Judge of the Superior Court in 1825. Ruffin resigned from the bench and became President of the State Bank of North Carolina in 1828. His tenure as bank executive was shortlived. He was elected Judge of the Supreme Court of North Carolina in 1829 and became Chief Justice in 1833.

As a jurist, Ruffin was renowned for adapting established English common law standards to the constantly changing judicial conditions in the new United States. Some of his most famous decisions were Hoke v. Henderson , Raleigh and Gaston Railroad Company v. Davis , and State v. Mann. State v. Mann was Ruffin's most notorious case. Ruffin's decision stated that "the power of the master must be absolute to render the submission of the slave perfect."

Ruffin retired from the bench in 1852. In 1858, the state legislature again elected him chief justice, but Ruffin resigned after one year.

A Unionist, Ruffin was a North Carolina delegate to the Washington Peace Conference in February 1861, where he sought to avert war. After the failure of this last effort at compromise, Ruffin was a delegate to the North Carolina Secession Convention, where he supported secession based on the right of revolution rather than the right of secession. Once secession was a fact, Ruffin strongly supported the Confederate cause.

After the war, Ruffin moved from the Hermitage to Hillsborough and remained there until his death on 15 January 1870.

For additional information on the Ruffin family and related families, see the Cameron Family Papers (#133) and the Ruffin, Roulhac, and Hamilton Family Papers (#643) in the Southern Historical Collection and Jean Bradley Anderson, The Kirklands of Ayr Mount.

(Biographical information sources: Sean Christopher Walker, "The Lawyer may be altogether sunk in the Farmer: Thomas Ruffin, Planter of Antebellum North Carolina" (Unpublished Honors Thesis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1994): 66-67; William S. Powell, ed. Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, Volume 5 (Chapel Hill, N.C.: The University of North Carolina Press, 1994): 266-268).

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Correspondence, financial and legal papers, and other papers of Thomas Ruffin and correspondence and financial records of his father, Sterling Ruffin. Major topics are family concerns, especially relating to women; work on plantations in Rockingham County, N.C., Caswell County, N.C., and Alamance County, N.C.; Ruffin's legal practice; borrowing and lending money; the State Bank of North Carolina; Ruffin's other business ventures, including a slave-trading partnership; and his brother's business in Alabama. There is considerable correspondence with merchants in Petersburg, Va., Hillsborough, N.C., and Fayetteville, N.C., about debt collection and legal business. Letters about national politics appear particularly around the War of 1812 and the Civil War. Also included are letters from two of Ruffin's sons who were officers in the Confederate army, and letters about political and economic conditions in the Confederacy. There are letters as well from family members who were students at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, 1813 through the 1840s. Among the correspondents are Ruffin's father-in-law, William Kirkland; his sons-in-law, J. B. G. Roulhac and Paul Carrington Cameron; and friends and business associates, including Archibald De Bow Murphey, Duncan Cameron, and George Badger.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence, 1784-1878.

About 14,000 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Personal, family, and business correspondence of Thomas Ruffin, along with some correspondence of his parents, siblings, wife, children, grandchildren, friends, and business associates. Related financial and legal items are filed here if they were attached to correspondence.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.1. 1784-1801.

About 20 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Chiefly letters relating to ownership of land. A letter, 1796, from Hubert Claiborne to James Ruffin concerns the purchase of slave children.

Folder 1

1784-1801 #00641, Subseries: "1.1. 1784-1801." Folder 1

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.2. 1802-1807.

About 200 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Letters to Thomas Ruffin from his father, Sterling Ruffin, letters to Thomas Ruffin from other family members and friends, a few letters to Sterling Ruffin, and a small number of other items. Letters of 1802 and 1803 from Sterling Ruffin in Virginia to Thomas in school at Warrenton, N.C., give advice about behavior, information about money and clothes, plans for visits, and other family news. Letters from Sterling Ruffin to Thomas Ruffin at Princeton are similar, emphasizing financial concerns, advice about morals, and discussion of Thomas's performance at Princeton. A letter of 9 June 1804 from Sterling to Thomas discusses slavery and religion. Father to son letters of 1806 discuss plans for Thomas to read law with David Robertson in Petersburg, Va., and Sterling Ruffin's plans to buy land in Rockingham County, N.C. Also included in this subseries are letters from Thomas Ruffin's Virginia kin and neighbors, including William Garnett, Robert Ruffin, J. Reynolds, George Hairston, James Wright, and J. F. May. Toward the end of 1807, letters are directed to Thomas Ruffin at Danville, Va.

Folder 2

1802-1803 #00641, Subseries: "1.2. 1802-1807." Folder 2

Folder 3

January-June 1804 #00641, Subseries: "1.2. 1802-1807." Folder 3

Folder 4

July-December 1804 #00641, Subseries: "1.2. 1802-1807." Folder 4

Folder 5

January-April 1805 #00641, Subseries: "1.2. 1802-1807." Folder 5

Folder 6

May-August 1805 #00641, Subseries: "1.2. 1802-1807." Folder 6

Folder 7

September-December 1805 #00641, Subseries: "1.2. 1802-1807." Folder 7

Folder 8

1806 #00641, Subseries: "1.2. 1802-1807." Folder 8

Folder 9

1807 #00641, Subseries: "1.2. 1802-1807." Folder 9

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.3. 1808-1825.

About 5,000 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Letters to and from Thomas Ruffin about business, letters to Ruffin from family and friends, a few letters from Thomas Ruffin to his wife, Kirkland family letters, and a few other items.

The majority of Ruffin's business correspondents wrote from Petersburg, Va. Ruffin's most frequent business correspondents were James Freeland and the firm of Freeland and Gillis in Petersburg, Va., with whom he corresponded about collection of debts. Other Petersburg merchants from whom he received letters included Mitchell, Hinton & Brame; William Moore; John Dunlop; Nathaniel Friend; Durkin Henderson & Co.; Lynch & Cather; William Bowdine & Co.; Thomas Morgan; and Hislop and Brander.

Letters from C. F. Bagge, Salem, beginning late in 1814, discuss collection of debts. Regular letters from Bagge about borrowing and lending money, the State Bank of North Carolina, and other business appear until 1837, the year of Bagge's death.

In the early 1820s, Ruffin increasingly corresponded with North Carolina merchants about debt collection and legal business. Notable among these were Gavin Hogg, Duncan Rose, and, in Fayetteville, George McNeill; Winslow & Huske; Charles Chalmers; and C. P. Mallett.

Ruffin also received letters from New York merchants Kelly, Morrison & Clawson; Robertson & Wills; Peter S. Van Wyck; and Robertson & Kelso, about his commissions for collecting debts in North Carolina.

Archibald D. Murphey's financial difficulties were the subject of many letters during this period. Ruffin received letters from J. May in Petersburg, George McNeill in Fayetteville, and Murphey's sons Victor Moreau Murphey and William D. Murphey, as well as from Murphey himself about Murphey's debts. Murphey also wrote to Ruffin about the sale of land he owned in North Carolina and Tennessee.

In 1822-1825, Ruffin received several letters from Benjamin Chambers, his partner in a slave-trading venture, about the purchase and sale of slaves.

Letters about legal business from Archibald D. Murphey discuss particular legal cases and the courts. Ruffin also received letters about legal business from James Graham, John De Lacy, William Norwood, P. H. Winston, and George E. Badger. In July 1825, Ruffin received letters from George Badger, Robert Strange, and J. F. Taylor about arrangements for handling his legal business after he returned to the bench.

Some letters in this subseries discuss the national politics and government. A long letter from A. D. Murphey, dated 8 January 1813, besides giving advice on legal cases, gives news of the war against Bonaparte and speculates on the prospects for a negotiated peace between England and the United States. A few other letters give political and diplomatic news. One from Bartlett Yancey, 4 February 1814, to Sterling Ruffin gives news from Congress about revenue issues and war and peace. Letters from Yancey from late 1814 until 1817 give news of Congress and the government, revenue and finance, a proposed national bank, and other political topics. A few letters in 1824 from W. P. Mangum, Henry Seawell, R. M. Saunders, and J. W. Long discuss the coming presidential election.

Ruffin continued to receive friendly letters from William Garnett in Virginia. He and his parents also received letters from James Wright in Petersburg. These contained news of Petersburg and of Thomas's sister Minerva, who was visiting the Wrights. Another Virginia connection, William Roane, wrote on 17 October 1815 from the U.S.S. Constitution in the Bay of Gibraltar describing the voyage from Virginia to the Bay of Gibraltar and Malaga.

Some letters from or about Thomas Ruffin's father and siblings are included here. In August 1813, there is a letter from brother James Ruffin in college at the University of North Carolina. There are letters in April 1814 from George McNeill to Sterling Ruffin and Thomas Ruffin about James. Letters from Thomas Ruffin's father, Sterling Ruffin, in Rockingham and Caswell counties, to Thomas reflect Sterling's economic difficulties, the falling prices of land and slaves, difficulties raising cash and collecting debts. Also found here are letters between Sterling Ruffin and his daughter Minerva Dillard about religion.

After Sterling Ruffin's death in 1822, there are more letters from Thomas Ruffin's brothers James H. Ruffin and William F. Ruffin about business and about William's education at the University of North Carolina. William F. Ruffin died on 17 September 1824. Thomas Ruffin also received letters in 1825 from Mitchell Gill, Rockingham County, N.C., who was apparently managing Ruffin's plantation. Gill reported on slaves, animals, crops of corn and tobacco, and the progress of work on the farm.

Letters from Elizabeth Kirkland, 13 September 1810, and John Kirkland, 22 September 1810, to William Kirkland congratulate him on his daughter's marriage to Thomas Ruffin and inform him of the death of his sister Jane. These letters mention the state of the economy in England, Scotland, and America. Letters from William Kirkland in London, 10 October 1811, and Glasgow, 12 December 1811, describe his visit with his brothers Nugent and John and with his mother and sisters. Letters from William Kirkland after his return to North Carolina report to Ruffin on the slaves' work on Ruffin's farm and give news of his farm and family.

Only a few letters from Thomas Ruffin to his wife are included here. Among these are three written in December 1813, when Thomas was serving in the state legislature. Later letters ask Anne to pass along instructions about farm work to his slave Cupid. There are even fewer letters from Anne Ruffin to her husband. She did occasionally write news of their children and report on work on their farm.

On 3 June 1824, Archibald De Bow Murphey wrote to Ruffin from Haw River, N.C., informing him of the "evil and barbarous" treatment of Ruffin's slaves by his overseer. Murphey said that the neighbors were commenting and that Ruffin's character as well as his interest were involved.

Beginning in December 1824, William K. Ruffin wrote to his parents and to his sister Catherine from St. Mary's School in Maryland. William's letters describe his studies and life at the school.

Folder 10

1808 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 10

Folder 11

February-June 1809 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 11

Folder 12

July-December 1809 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 12

Folder 13

January-March 1810 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 13

Folder 14

April-June 1810 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 14

Folder 15

July-December 1810 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 15

Folder 16

January-June 1811 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 16

Folder 17

July-December 1811 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 17

Folder 18

February-August 1812 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 18

Folder 19

September-December 1812 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 19

Folder 20

January-September 1813 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 20

Folder 21

October-December 1813 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 21

Folder 22

January-February 1814 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 22

Folder 23

March-April 1814 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 23

Folder 24

May-June 1814 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 24

Folder 25

July-August 1814 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 25

Folder 26

September-October 1814 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 26

Folder 27

November-December 1814 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 27

Folder 28

January 1815 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 28

Folder 29

February-April 1815 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 29

Folder 30

May-August 1815 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 30

Folder 31

September-October 1815 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 31

Folder 32

November-December 1815 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 32

Folder 33

January-February 1816 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 33

Folder 34

March-April 1816 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 34

Folder 35

May-June 1816 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 35

Folder 36

July-August 1816 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 36

Folder 37

September-October 1816 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 37

Folder 38

November 1816 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 38

Folder 39

December 1816 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 39

Folder 40

January-February 1817 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 40

Folder 41

March-April 1817 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 41

Folder 42

May-June 1817 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 42

Folder 43

July-August 1817 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 43

Folder 44

September-October 1817 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 44

Folder 45

November-December 1817 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 45

Folder 46

January-February 1818 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 46

Folder 47

March-June 1818 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 47

Folder 48

July-October 1818 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 48

Folder 49

November-December 1818 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 49

Folder 50

January-February 1819 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 50

Folder 51

March 1819 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 51

Folder 52

April 1819 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 52

Folder 53

May 1819 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 53

Folder 54

June 1819 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 54

Folder 55

July 1819 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 55

Folder 56

August 1819 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 56

Folder 57

September 1819 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 57

Folder 58

October 1819 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 58

Folder 59

November 1819 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 59

Folder 60

December 1819 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 60

Folder 61

January 1820 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 61

Folder 62

1-12 February 1820 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 62

Folder 63

13-28 February 1820 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 63

Folder 64

March 1820 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 64

Folder 65

1-10 April 1820 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 65

Folder 66

11-30 April 1820 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 66

Folder 67

May 1820 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 67

Folder 68

3-19 June 1820 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 68

Folder 69

21-30 June 1820 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 69

Folder 70

July 1820 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 70

Folder 71

1-17 August 1820 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 71

Folder 72

18-31 August 1820 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 72

Folder 73

September 1820 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 73

Folder 74

October 1820 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 74

Folder 75

November 1820 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 75

Folder 76

December 1820 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 76

Folder 77

January 1821 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 77

Folder 78

February 1821 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 78

Folder 79

1-18 March 1821 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 79

Folder 80

19-31 March 1821 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 80

Folder 81

April 1821 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 81

Folder 82

6-18 May 1821 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 82

Folder 83

19-31 May 1821 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 83

Folder 84

1-15 June 1821 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 84

Folder 85

17-30 June 1821 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 85

Folder 86

1-14 July 1821 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 86

Folder 87

16-31 July 1821 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 87

Folder 88

August 1821 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 88

Folder 89

September 1821 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 89

Folder 90

October 1821 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 90

Folder 91

1-9 November 1821 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 91

Folder 92

10-30 November 1821 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 92

Folder 93

1-15 December 1821 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 93

Folder 94

16-30 December 1821 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 94

Folder 95

1-20 January 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 95

Folder 96

21-31 January 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 96

Folder 97

1-12 February 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 97

Folder 98

13-28 February 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 98

Folder 99

1-14 March 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 99

Folder 100

15-20 March 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 100

Folder 101

21-31 March 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 101

Folder 102

1-21 April 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 102

Folder 103

22-30 April 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 103

Folder 104

1-12 May 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 104

Folder 105

13-21 May 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 105

Folder 106

22-31 May 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 106

Folder 107

June 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 107

Folder 108

1-15 July 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 108

Folder 109

16-31 July 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 109

Folder 110

1-19 August 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 110

Folder 111

21-31 August 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 111

Folder 112

September 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 112

Folder 113

October 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 113

Folder 114

1-15 November 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 114

Folder 115

16-30 November 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 115

Folder 116

1-10 December 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 116

Folder 117

11-19 December 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 117

Folder 118

20-31 December 1822 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 118

Folder 119

1-16 January 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 119

Folder 120

17-31 January 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 120

Folder 121

1-14 February 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 121

Folder 122

15-28 February 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 122

Folder 123

1-20 March 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 123

Folder 124

22-31 March 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 124

Folder 125

1-20 April 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 125

Folder 126

21-29 April 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 126

Folder 127

1-20 May 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 127

Folder 128

21-31 May 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 128

Folder 129

1-16 June 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 129

Folder 130

17-30 June 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 130

Folder 131

1-19 July 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 131

Folder 132

20-31 July 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 132

Folder 133

August 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 133

Folder 134

1-17 September 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 134

Folder 135

19-30 September 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 135

Folder 136

2-17 October 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 136

Folder 137

18-29 October 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 137

Folder 138

November 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 138

Folder 139

December 1823 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 139

Folder 140

1-20 January 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 140

Folder 141

22-31 January 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 141

Folder 142

1-17 February 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 142

Folder 143

18-29 February 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 143

Folder 144

1-17 March 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 144

Folder 145

22-31 March 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 145

Folder 146

April 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 146

Folder 147

May 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 147

Folder 148

1-14 June 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 148

Folder 149

15-30 June 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 149

Folder 150

July 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 150

Folder 151

1-15 August 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 151

Folder 152

17-30 August 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 152

Folder 153

1-16 September 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 153

Folder 154

18-27 September 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 154

Folder 155

October 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 155

Folder 156

1-15 November 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 156

Folder 157

17-30 November 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 157

Folder 158

December 1824 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 158

Folder 159

1-15 January 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 159

Folder 160

16-31 January 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 160

Folder 161

1-15 February 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 161

Folder 162

16-28 February 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 162

Folder 163

1-12 March 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 163

Folder 164

13-31 March 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 164

Folder 165

1-19 April 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 165

Folder 166

20-30 April 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 166

Folder 167

1-14 May 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 167

Folder 168

15-31 May 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 168

Folder 169

1-15 June 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 169

Folder 170

16-30 June 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 170

Folder 171

July 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 171

Folder 172

1-11 August 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 172

Folder 173

12-31 August 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 173

Folder 174

September 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 174

Folder 175

October 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 175

Folder 176

November 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 176

Folder 177

1-19 December 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 177

Folder 178

20-31 December 1825 #00641, Subseries: "1.3. 1808-1825." Folder 178

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.4. 1826-1829.

About 1,000 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Personal and business correspondence of Thomas Ruffin. Many letters in this subseries have to do with Ruffin's family and farm. Other letters discuss his business affairs, including his slave trading partnership with Benjamin Chambers, borrowing and lending money, and buying and selling land. Only a few letters discuss politics. In 1829, a considerable number of letters concern the business of the State Bank of North Carolina, of which Ruffin was president in 1829.

Among the family letters during this time period are many written by Thomas Ruffin to his wife Anne, mostly about their children, his farm, his travel plans, his visits to friends and family, and his court business. On 26 January 1826, Thomas wrote to Anne from Caswell telling of his brother James Ruffin's marriage and describing his own happiness with his daughters' behavior. There are only a few letters here from Anne Ruffin to her husband. His requests for more letters and her responses indicate that she disliked writing letters and wrote infrequently. There are, however, a few letters from Anne to Thomas giving news of their children and farm.

Other family letters include letters of the Ruffin children. Here there are a considerable number of letters from William K. Ruffin at school in Maryland and, beginning in fall 1827, in Chapel Hill, N.C. William's letters from St. Mary's School in Maryland to his mother repeatedly state that he was unhappy at the Catholic school and wanted to go to the University of North Carolina. William's letters to his father concern his clothes, money, and plans. Thomas Ruffin wrote letters of advice to William concerning money, industry, and diligence. At St. Mary's, William also received letters from his sister Catherine Ruffin and his friends, William Norwood, Duponceau Jones, and Henry Webb. After William went to Chapel Hill in 1827, he wrote frequently to his parents about his expenses, his studies, and his living arrangements in Chapel Hill. Also found here are letters to William from St. Mary's friends and letters to Thomas Ruffin about William's conduct from E. Damphoux at St. Mary's and William Hooper in Chapel Hill. Also in this subseries are a letter from William Bingham reporting on Sterling Ruffin's progress in school and on Anne Ruffin to her parents from school at Rock Rest.

Anne Ruffin's nephew Duncan MacRae had lived with the Ruffins for several years after his mother died. In this subseries are several letters from his father, John MacRae, to Thomas Ruffin about business and about Duncan, who was for some of the time attending the Bingham School.

In this subseries there are several letters to Thomas Ruffin about the estate of his uncle, William Ruffin, and particularly about selling his uncle's property. The first letter about William Ruffin's estate is in Subseries 1.3. This letter, 15 September 1825, from William H. Ruffin to Thomas Ruffin mentions William's brothers Albert and Robert, and his son Frank. Other letters about the estate came from William Polk, William Haywood, and H. Miller, as well as from Thomas Ruffin's cousins, A. R. Ruffin, A. G. Ruffin, and Robert Ruffin. There are also some letters from Thomas Ritchie in Richmond, Va., who was apparently the brother of William Ruffin's widow.

Letters to Thomas Ruffin from his brother James Ruffin, his brother-in-law George McNeill, and his father-in-law William Kirkland, mix family and business concerns. A considerable number of letters from James Ruffin give news of Thomas's plantation as well as news of their mother and of James's own financial problems. George McNeill wrote most often of business, but also sent news of family members in Fayetteville, N.C., and of influenza in that city in 1826. William Kirkland wrote about his debts, the health of his family, and other family news. Both George McNeill and William Kirkland wrote about the debts of William McNeill.

The financial affairs of Archibald De Bow Murphey continue to be the subject of considerable correspondence in this subseries. Thomas Ruffin wrote to Samuel Dickins about land in Tennessee that had formerly been Murphey's. James McLemore and C. Bagge wrote to Ruffin about Murphey's affairs. Murphey himself wrote numerous letters to Ruffin about his health, his family, and his Tennessee lands. Also included here are some letters to Murphey from James Mebane and David Craighead about legal business.

Letters from Mitchell Gill, Rockingham County, N.C., report on slaves, animals, crops of tobacco and corn, and work on a plantation. Late in 1826, Gill wrote that he was moving and wanted the money owed him. He wrote again in 1827 about a dispute over money. Letters from William Meador, Rockingham, begin in 1827 and give news of crops, plowing, and horses.

Letters about Ruffin's own business affairs include letters from Benjamin Chambers in Alabama, where he was selling slaves, and letters about Chambers's death and the settlement of his estate. Also included are letters from John M. Dick in Greensboro about claims against Duncan Rose and other letters about financial and legal business from C. F. Bagge, John Devereux, W. H. Haywood, James T. Morehead, Gavin Hogg, George Badger, Thos. Irvin & Co., William Polk, William Cain, R. M. Saunders, J. F. May, Robert Strange, and others.

Relatively few letters relate to Ruffin's work as a judge. Among these are a letter from J. J. Daniel about the assignment of judges for fall 1828 and approximately twenty letters from people in Rockingham about the appointment of a clerk of Richmond Superior Court.

In 1829, when Ruffin was president of the State Bank, he received letters from the State Bank cashiers at Edenton, New Bern, and Fayetteville about Bank business.

Late in 1829, some letters contain speculation about whether Ruffin would succeed the state supreme court justice who had died. In November and December 1829, there are many letters of congratulation to Ruffin on his appointment to the North Carolina Supreme Court.

Folder 179

January 1826 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 179

Folder 180

February 1826 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 180

Folder 181

March 1826 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 181

Folder 182

April 1826 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 182

Folder 183

May 1826 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 183

Folder 184

June 1826 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 184

Folder 185

July 1826 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 185

Folder 186

August-September 1826 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 186

Folder 187

October 1826 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 187

Folder 188

November 1826 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 188

Folder 189

1-14 December 1826 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 189

Folder 190

15-31 December 1826 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 190

Folder 191

January 1827 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 191

Folder 192

February 1827 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 192

Folder 193

March 1827 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 193

Folder 194

April 1827 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 194

Folder 195

May 1827 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 195

Folder 196

June 1827 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 196

Folder 197

July 1827 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 197

Folder 198

August 1827 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 198

Folder 199

September 1827 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 199

Folder 200

October 1827 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 200

Folder 201

4-12 November 1827 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 201

Folder 202

13-27 November 1827 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 202

Folder 203

December 1827 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 203

Folder 204

January 1828 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 204

Folder 205

February-March 1828 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 205

Folder 206

April-May 1828 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 206

Folder 207

June 1828 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 207

Folder 208

July 1828 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 208

Folder 209

August 1828 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 209

Folder 210

September-October 1828 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 210

Folder 211

November 1828 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 211

Folder 212

December 1828 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 212

Folder 213

January 1829 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 213

Folder 214

February 1829 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 214

Folder 215

1-20 March 1829 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 215

Folder 216

21-31 March 1829 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 216

Folder 217

April 1829 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 217

Folder 218

1-22 May 1829 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 218

Folder 219

23-31 May 1829 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 219

Folder 220

1-17 June 1829 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 220

Folder 221

18-30 June 1829 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 221

Folder 222

July 1829 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 222

Folder 223

1-17 August 1829 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 223

Folder 224

18-31 August 1829 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 224

Folder 225

September 1829 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 225

Folder 226

October 1829 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 226

Folder 227

1-15 November 1829 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 227

Folder 228

16-30 November 1829 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 228

Folder 229

1-10 December 1829 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 229

Folder 230

11-31 December 1829 #00641, Subseries: "1.4. 1826-1829." Folder 230

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.5. 1830-1860.

About 5,000 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Personal and business correspondence of Thomas Ruffin while he was a justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court. Most of the letters in this subseries are part of Ruffin's correspondence with his family. The fraction of letters about borrowing and lending money, collecting debts, and conducting legal business is far smaller in this subseries than in earlier ones.

Letters from Thomas Ruffin, most often in Raleigh, to Anne Ruffin at Haw River discuss health, their children, and other family members. Infrequent letters from Anne to Thomas report on the weather, guests, slaves, her health, and their family. In 1836-1839, many letters discuss Anne Ruffin's illness. Alice Ruffin wrote to her father in 1836 that her mother was sick in mind and body. Anne herself wrote to her husband about it as did Dr. Edmund Strudwick, Alice Ruffin, Phebe Kirkland, John U. Kirkland, Anne Cameron, James Webb, and James H. Ruffin. Many of these letters also mention the illness of Ruffin's daughter Elizabeth Ruffin, who died late in 1838.

In 1834 and 1835, Thomas Ruffin exchanged letters with William Mercer Green about Green's proposal of marriage to Ruffin's daughter Catherine and her parents' objections. In 1836-1837, family letters discuss Catherine's engagement and marriage to Joseph Blount Gregoire Roulhac. Roulhac wrote from Windsor, N.C., about his wife and children and his business selling flour, buying tea, and selling carding machinery. In 1845, Roulhac wrote that he was planning to move to Raleigh, N.C. In the late 1840s, Thomas Ruffin's letters often give news of the Roulhac family because he stayed with them in Raleigh while the Supreme Court was in session.

Other family letters include letters from William K. Ruffin in Chapel Hill about his studies, his expenses, his reading law, and his plans. In 1832-1836, William wrote from Haw River about family and plantation news. In 1838 and 1839, several letters concern William K. Ruffin's drinking, gambling, and his shooting a man. In 1840-1842, William again wrote family and plantation news from Haw River. In 1843-1845, he wrote from Rockingham about the plantation and overseer.

Also in this subseries are letters of Paul Cameron and Anne Ruffin Cameron. Paul Cameron wrote to Anne Ruffin on 8 June 1831 that her father had agreed to his proposal of marriage. Letters from the Camerons in the 1830s report on Anne Cameron's health and other family news. In the 1840s, Anne and Paul Cameron each wrote to both Anne Ruffin and Thomas Ruffin with news of the Cameron children and other family members.

Alice Ruffin wrote letters to Thomas Ruffin, especially in the 1830s giving family news.

Sterling Ruffin wrote few letters but was the subject of many in the 1830s. In the early 1830s, when Sterling was at home at Haw River, he occasionally wrote to his father. Letters from William S. Bingham and W. Anderson in 1834 and 1835 concern Sterling's education. Also included in 1834 are letters from Sterling while he was a student in Chapel Hill. In 1835, quite a few letters discuss Sterling's sickness and resulting blindness. These include letters from James Webb, W. Anderson, Edmund Strudwick, V. M. Murphey, Pride Jones, and Isaac Hays. There are also several letters from Thomas Ruffin to Anne Ruffin on the way to Philadelphia, where he took Sterling for treatment. Letters from Robert Brodnax, F. M. Murphey, Isaac Hays, Pride Jones, as well as letters from Thomas to Anne discuss Sterling's condition and treatment. In 1837, Michael Holt wrote about bringing Sterling home. In 1845, Thomas Ruffin wrote to Anne Ruffin that he wanted Sterling to persevere with education for the blind.

Letters about Peter Browne Ruffin in Chapel Hill in 1838 and 1839. In the 1840s, Peter Browne Ruffin wrote from Hillsborough and then from Windsor about business.

In 1839 and 1840, letters from Robert Brodnax and from Mr. Smith indicate that Thomas Ruffin, Jr., and his cousins James, George, and Sterling, were at school at Mr. Smith's in Rockingham. In 1841-1844, Thomas Ruffin, Jr., wrote from Chapel Hill about his friends and his studies. Also included are reports from the University about Thomas, Jr., and about James S. Ruffin.

A letter from John MacRae in 1836 tells of Duncan going to Chapel Hill. Letters in February 1838 informed Ruffin that Duncan, then at the College of William and Mary, had been engaged as principal in a duel that was stopped by the civil authority, had been expelled from the college, and had shot himself in the lung.

Thomas Ruffin received numerous letters from William Kirkland and John U. Kirkland giving family news, especially news of the illness of Phebe Kirkland in the early 1830s. William Kirkland also wrote news of his extended family, such as A. D. Murphey's financial difficulties in 1832 and Robert Strange's debt to the State Bank in 1834. In 1836, he wrote about financial affairs and an outbreak of measles. John U. Kirkland wrote in 1836 about his father's illness and about his sister, Anne Ruffin. He wrote later about his father's estate and news of Phebe's death in 1844.

Ruffin's sisters' husbands, George McNeill of Fayetteville and William Cain of Hillsborough, wrote to him about family and business. A few letters from George McNeill are found in each year. There are fewer letters from William Cain. The letters from Cain are primarily about family news.

Letters from more distant relatives appear occasionally. Here are found one or two letters each year, 1832-1836, from Thomas Ruffin's cousin Caroline Ruffin asking for financial help. A few letters each year in the 1830s from Thomas Scott give news of his farm and family, including description of his debts and fears, but not including any request for assistance. E. L. de Graffenreid, husband of Martha Kirkland, wrote to Ruffin in the 1840s about property in Columbus, Ga., and about William Kirkland's estate.

James H. Ruffin wrote from Caswell about his plantation and business affairs as well as family news. In 1833, James H. Ruffin wrote from Tuscaloosa that he planned to move to Alabama. In 1834, he wrote from Greensborough, Ala., about a friend's desire to borrow money. For the remainder of the 1830s, James wrote sometimes from Alabama and sometimes from North Carolina. In 1839, he wrote from Mobile, Ala., that he was trying to sell out in Alabama and return to North Carolina. In 1846, he wrote again from Mobile about business, cotton, and funds for his son James Sterling Ruffin. In 1848, he wrote about ordering wedding paraphernalia for Susan Mary from Philadelphia and about his son's preparations to start medical school in Philadelphia.

Ruffin's overseers and neighbors in Rockingham and Caswell wrote him about his plantations there. Letters, 1830-1838, from William J. Meador, Dan River, N.C., give news about tobacco sales and work on the plantation. In 1840-1842, there are letters from John R. Meador, Dan River, reporting on Ruffin's people, hogs, and tobacco. In 1845-1847, there are similar letters from Reason Jeffreys and in 1848, from Green Hardy. Edward, Robert, and John Brodnax wrote to Ruffin at various times in the 1830s and 1840s about his plantation, his overseers, his slaves, and his crops.

Business letters, although relatively fewer in this subseries, continue to appear. Letters about Archibald De Bow Murphey's financial difficulties and the sale of his land continue until his death in 1832. Ruffin's correspondence with C. F. Bagge about borrowing and lending money continued until Bagge died in 1837. Also in this subseries are letters to and from Duncan Cameron, Edwin M. Holt, Michael Holt, James T. Morehead, William Cain, Duncan Rose, D. W. Stone, Thomas P. Devereux, and G. W. Mordecai about business. Also included is a letter, 1847, from Rufus Turnage in Tennessee about a land grant to John Rice.

Letters about legal questions from John M. Dick, chiefly about cases involving Duncan Rose, and from William A. Graham are also found here as are letters from young men inquiring about studying law with Ruffin. Letters about court business include one from W. W. Holden applying to be Reporter to the Supreme Court; letters, 1846, from E. J. Ervin, Tod R. Caldwell, and James R. Dodge applying to be Clerk of Supreme Court at Morganton; and letters of recommendation for candidates for Clerk.

Folder 231

January 1830 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 231

Folder 232

February 1830 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 232

Folder 233

March 1830 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 233

Folder 234

April-May 1830 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 234

Folder 235

June 1830 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 235

Folder 236

July 1830 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 236

Folder 237

August-September 1830 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 237

Folder 238

October-December 1830 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 238

Folder 239

January-February 1831 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 239

Folder 240

March 1831 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 240

Folder 241

April-May 1831 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 241

Folder 242

June 1831 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 242

Folder 243

July 1831 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 243

Folder 244

August 1831 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 244

Folder 245

September-October 1831 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 245

Folder 246

November-December 1831 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 246

Folder 247

January 1832 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 247

Folder 248

February 1832 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 248

Folder 249

March-May 1832 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 249

Folder 250

June-July 1832 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 250

Folder 251

August-September 1832 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 251

Folder 252

January 1833 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 252

Folder 253

February 1833 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 253

Folder 254

March-June 1833 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 254

Folder 255

July 1833 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 255

Folder 256

August-October 1833 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 256

Folder 257

November-December 1833 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 257

Folder 258

January-February 1834 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 258

Folder 259

March-April 1834 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 259

Folder 260

May-June 1834 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 260

Folder 261

July-August 1834 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 261

Folder 262

September 1834 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 262

Folder 263

October-December 1834 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 263

Folder 264

January 1835 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 264

Folder 265

February 1835 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 265

Folder 266

March-May 1835 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 266

Folder 267

June-July 1835 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 267

Folder 268

August-September 1835 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 268

Folder 269

October-December 1835 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 269

Folder 270

January-February 1836 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 270

Folder 271

March-April 1836 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 271

Folder 272

May-August 1836 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 272

Folder 273

September-December 1836 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 273

Folder 274

January-February 1837 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 274

Folder 275

March-April 1837 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 275

Folder 276

May-June 1837 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 276

Folder 277

July 1837 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 277

Folder 278

August-September 1837 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 278

Folder 279

October-December 1837 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 279

Folder 280

January 1838 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 280

Folder 281

February-March 1838 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 281

Folder 282

April-June 1838 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 282

Folder 283

July 1838 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 283

Folder 284

August-October 1838 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 284

Folder 285

November-December 1838 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 285

Folder 286

January-February 1839 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 286

Folder 287

March-May 1839 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 287

Folder 288

June 1839 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 288

Folder 289

July-August 1839 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 289

Folder 290

September-December 1839 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 290

Folder 291

January 1840 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 291

Folder 292

February 1840 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 292

Folder 293

March-April 1840 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 293

Folder 294

May-June 1840 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 294

Folder 295

July-August 1840 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 295

Folder 296

September-October 1840 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 296

Folder 297

November-December 1840 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 297

Folder 298

January 1841 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 298

Folder 299

February 1841 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 299

Folder 300

March-April 1841 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 300

Folder 301

May-June 1841 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 301

Folder 302

July-August 1841 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 302

Folder 303

September-December 1841 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 303

Folder 304

January 1842 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 304

Folder 305

February-March 1842 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 305

Folder 306

April-May 1842 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 306

Folder 307

June 1842 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 307

Folder 308

July 1842 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 308

Folder 309

August-October 1842 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 309

Folder 310

November-December 1842 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 310

Folder 311

January 1843 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 311

Folder 312

February 1843 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 312

Folder 313

March-May 1843 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 313

Folder 314

June-July 1843 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 314

Folder 315

August-September 1843 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 315

Folder 316

October-December 1843 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 316

Folder 317

January-February 1844 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 317

Folder 318

March-April 1844 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 318

Folder 319

June-July 1844 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 319

Folder 320

August-December 1844 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 320

Folder 321

January 1845 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 321

Folder 322

February 1845 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 322

Folder 323

March-April 1845 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 323

Folder 324

May-June 1845 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 324

Folder 325

July 1845 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 325

Folder 326

August-September 1845 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 326

Folder 327

October-November 1845 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 327

Folder 328

December 1845 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 328

Folder 329

January 1846 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 329

Folder 330

February 1846 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 330

Folder 331

March-April 1846 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 331

Folder 332

May-June 1846 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 332

Folder 333

July-August 1846 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 333

Folder 334

September-December 1846 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 334

Folder 335

January-February 1847 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 335

Folder 336

March-May 1847 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 336

Folder 337

June 1847 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 337

Folder 338

July-November 1847 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 338

Folder 339

December 1847 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 339

Folder 340

January 1848 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 340

Folder 341

February 1848 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 341

Folder 342

March-April 1848 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 342

Folder 343

May-June 1848 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 343

Folder 344

July-August 1848 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 344

Folder 345

September-December 1848 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 345

Folder 346

January-February 1849 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 346

Folder 347

March-April 1849 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 347

Folder 348

May-June 1849 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 348

Folder 349

July 1849 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 349

Folder 350

August-September 1849 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 350

Folder 351

October-December 1849 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 351

Folder 352

January 1850 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 352

Folder 353

February-March 1850 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 353

Folder 354

April-June 1850 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 354

Folder 355

July-August 1850 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 355

Folder 356

September-October 1850 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 356

Folder 357

November-December 1850 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 357

Folder 358

January 1851 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 358

Folder 359

February 1851 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 359

Folder 360

March-April 1851 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 360

Folder 361

May-June 1851 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 361

Folder 362

July-August 1851 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 362

Folder 363

September-October 1851 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 363

Folder 364

November-December 1851 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 364

Folder 365

January 1852 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 365

Folder 366

February 1852 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 366

Folder 367

March 1852 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 367

Folder 368

April-May 1852 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 368

Folder 369

June 1852 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 369

Folder 370

July 1852 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 370

Folder 371

August 1852 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 371

Folder 372

September-October 1852 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 372

Folder 373

November-December 1852 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 373

Folder 374

January 1853 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 374

Folder 375

February 1853 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 375

Folder 376

March-April 1853 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 376

Folder 377

May-June 1853 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 377

Folder 378

July-August 1853 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 378

Folder 379

September-October 1853 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 379

Folder 380

November-December 1853 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 380

Folder 381

January-February 1854 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 381

Folder 382

March-April 1854 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 382

Folder 383

May-June 1854 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 383

Folder 384

July-August 1854 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 384

Folder 385

September-October 1854 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 385

Folder 386

November-December 1854 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 386

Folder 387

January-February 1855 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 387

Folder 388

March 1855 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 388

Folder 389

April 1855 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 389

Folder 390

May-June 1855 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 390

Folder 391

July-August 1855 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 391

Folder 392

September 1855 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 392

Folder 393

October 1855 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 393

Folder 394

November-December 1855 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 394

Folder 395

January-February 1856 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 395

Folder 396

March 1856 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 396

Folder 397

April 1856 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 397

Folder 398

May 1856 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 398

Folder 399

June 1856 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 399

Folder 400

July 1856 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 400

Folder 401

August 1856 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 401

Folder 402

September 1856 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 402

Folder 403

October 1856 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 403

Folder 404

November-December 1856 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 404

Folder 405

January 1857 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 405

Folder 406

February-March 1857 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 406

Folder 407

April 1857 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 407

Folder 408

May-June 1857 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 408

Folder 409

July-August 1857 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 409

Folder 410

September-October 1857 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 410

Folder 411

November-December 1857 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 411

Folder 412

January 1858 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 412

Folder 413

February 1858 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 413

Folder 414

March 1858 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 414

Folder 415

April 1858 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 415

Folder 416

May-June 1858 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 416

Folder 417

July-August 1858 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 417

Folder 418

September-October 1858 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 418

Folder 419

November 1858 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 419

Folder 420

December 1858 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 420

Folder 421

January 1859 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 421

Folder 422

February 1859 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 422

Folder 423

March 1859 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 423

Folder 424

April 1859 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 424

Folder 425

May-June 1859 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 425

Folder 426

July-August 1859 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 426

Folder 427

September-October 1859 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 427

Folder 428

November-December 1859 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 428

Folder 429

January 1860 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 429

Folder 430

February 1860 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 430

Folder 431

March 1860 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 431

Folder 432

April 1860 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 432

Folder 433

May-June 1860 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 433

Folder 434

July-August 1860 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 434

Folder 435

September 1860 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 435

Folder 436

October 1860 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 436

Folder 437

November 1860 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 437

Folder 438

December 1860 #00641, Subseries: "1.5. 1830-1860." Folder 438

Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.6. 1861-1865.

About 600 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Letters, primarily to Thomas Ruffin, about the Civil War from political colleagues, Ruffin's sons in the Confederate Army, and financial consultants. Although a member of the Peace Convention of 1861, Thomas Ruffin supported the Confederate cause from the beginning of the war. On 5 June 1861, Rufus Y. McAden wrote to Ruffin asking him to help supply buttons for uniforms and blankets for the Alamance County troops.

Ruffin's sons Thomas Ruffin, Jr., and John K. Ruffin served in the Confederate Army. John Kirkland Ruffin was an assistant surgeon for the 5th North Carolina Infantry Regiment. Thomas Ruffin, Jr., was a lieutenant colonel in the 13th North Carolina Infantry Regiment. Thomas Ruffin, Jr. wrote to his father frequently about his service and the progress of the war. On 26 May 1862, Thomas Ruffin, Jr. wrote to his father "We are in Genl. Colston's Brigade and Genl. Longstreet's division. The latter is thought to be a great man and has the full confidence of men and officer ... We moved again yesterday and are now in Richmond, between the York River and the Central R. Roads; but it is uncertain how long we will be here, as we are ordered to hold ourselves in readiness to move at an hour's notice." The senior Ruffin's pre-war pacifism had evaporated by 1862 and in his letter of 21 April 1862 to Thomas Ruffin, Jr., he wrote "[D]efend Richmond to the bitter end and if the demons should burn it, yet never let them occupy it. Harrass them day and night and make them wish themselves back in their infernal regions of abolition."

In addition to letters from his sons, Ruffin also received letters from political friends throughout the state. Many letters discuss the rivalry between Zebulon B. Vance and William W. Holden for the governorship of North Carolina. The government of the Confederacy was also discussed. Burgess S. Gaither, a Burke County, N.C., politician and member of the Confederate Congress wrote critically of Jefferson Davis, "The President does things pretty much in his own way, without consulting any one and takes the responsibility upon himself and has given us a cabinet which is not satisfactory to the country." (1 April 1862)

Other correspondents included R. M. Abbott, Ruffin's overseer on the Dan River plantation, Edmund Ruffin, Jr., Kenneth Rayner, and the stock broker firm of Lancaster & Co. Ruffin's investment in Confederate bonds and currency became a real concern to him as the war continued. On 20 May 1863, Lancaster & Co. wrote, "We have been unable as yet to sell any of your N.C. 6s [percents]. They have been very dull ... Don't think it very advisable to force N.C. bonds on the market just now as currency is becoming very abundant again and all undoubted securities will be in demand." The majority of correspondence in late 1863 through 1864 consists of letters from various brokerage firms, Jonathan Worth, the Public Treasurer, and other investors in the Confederacy and in the North Carolina Sinking Fund.

After the surrender the tone of the letters changes as one by one, Ruffin's friends and family members face deprivation and hardship in the wake of defeat. Ruffin's cousin, Edmund Ruffin, Jr., wrote on 9 June 1865 about his family's flight from Richmond and the destruction of their plantation, "[t]he houses are all much pulled to pieces--the dwelling more damaged that [sic.] any others. To repair it probably would cost more than the original charge for building. The roof has been torn off and of course all the plaistering is ruined--the floors ripped up, the porches torn down--the sashes blinds doors, door and window facings, mantels, banisters destroyed--in fact nothing is left except the four walls ... ." Thomas Ruffin, himself, experienced quite a financial setback from the war and in a letter to a unknown creditor he described his impoverished condition, "I wish I were able to remit the amount. But I can not, as the result of the war has left me but little ..." (24 November 1865) Included among the letters describing destruction and poverty are some from R. M. Abbott, Ruffin's overseer at the Dan River plantation and some from Paul C. Cameron. Cameron drafted a labor contract in April 1865 "to the Negroes on his own, his brothers' and his sisters' farms in Orange County." The contract gave the newly freed slaves a third of the corn and molasses and one fourth of all the rest of the crops. In 1866 Cameron raised the amounts to half "of the wheat, corn, cotton, tobacco, molasses, peas and sweet potatoes ..." R. M. Abbott, Ruffin's overseer, hired white laborers and wrote to his employer on 26 November 1865, "I am getting on with my work as well as I ever did in my life, if any an makes money on free labor I intend to do it by the smiles of providence."

Folder 439

January 1861 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 439

Folder 440

February 1861 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 440

Folder 441

March 1861 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 441

Folder 442

April 1861 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 442

Folder 443

May 1861 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 443

Folder 444

June 1861 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 444

Folder 445

July 1861 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 445

Folder 446

August 1861 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 446

Folder 447

September-November 1861 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 447

Folder 448

December 1861 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 448

Folder 449

January-March 1862 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 449

Folder 450

April-June 1862 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 450

Folder 451

July-September 1862 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 451

Folder 452

October-December 1862 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 452

Folder 453

January-February 1863 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 453

Folder 454

March-April 1863 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 454

Folder 455

May-June 1863 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 455

Folder 456

July-August 1863 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 456

Folder 457

September-October 1863 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 457

Folder 458

November-December 1863 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 458

Folder 459

January-March 1864 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 459

Folder 460

April-June 1864 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 460

Folder 461

July-August 1864 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 461

Folder 462

September-October 1864 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 462

Folder 463

November-December 1864 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 463

Folder 464

January-February 1865 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 464

Folder 465

March-June 1865 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 465

Folder 466

July-August 1865 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 466

Folder 467

September-October 1865 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 467

Folder 468

November-December 1865 #00641, Subseries: "1.6. 1861-1865." Folder 468

Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.7. 1866-1878.

About 400 items.

Arrangement: Chronological.

Letters to Thomas Ruffin, Anne Ruffin, and to their children about family concerns, political events, and financial matters. This subseries contains three separate groups of letters. The bulk of the letters from 1866 until January 1870 are to Thomas Ruffin. These include many letters from his stockbrokers and bankers about the state of his investments after the war. However, matters did improve somewhat for the Ruffins. They left the Haw River plantation in early 1866 and moved to Hillsborough. By 1867, Lancaster & Co., a banking and brokerage firm in Virginia wrote to Ruffin counseling him to invest in railroad bonds, "[w]e would suggest that you consider the advisability of investing in the Richmond & Danville RR bonds. The Road you are aware is 190 miles long and is doing an excellent business ..." (12 Nov. 1867) Not all of Ruffin's family and friends fared as well as he. A letter from his niece Ellen S. Ruffin, dated 13 Nov. 1867, chronicled her family's post-war difficulties, "Mr. Ruffin [Frank Ruffin] no doubt told you of our doings; how our boys handle the plough and hoe. At first their pride stood up and made their roughened hands and bronzed faces a mortification to them; but their own brave hearts and right feeling have taught them that those whose good opinion is worth having and striving for, will judge them by their actions and not appearances." Thomas Ruffin also continued to receive letters from old political allies. Weldon Nathaniel Edwards, a former state and congressional legislator, wrote on his eighty-second birthday to Ruffin about the loneliness of old age, "dear old-oldest friend ... the sad havoc of time has left none to me but yourself. But this is a tax & a heavy tax too upon long life and who have the worst of the Bargain--those who go first or those who are left behind friendless?" (25 Jan. 1869) Another regular correspondent to Ruffin was his overseer on the Dan River plantation, R. M. Abbott. Abbott informed Ruffin of the stock and crops on the plantation. Abbott may have been a very good overseer from Ruffin's point of view; but as a long letter from the Freedmen's Bureau explained, how profits were made on Dan River did not meet with the approval of the Federal government. "This contract is considered objectionable ... . The price of labor is even below the price paid for slave labor before the war, and in charging 50¢ per day for time lost, what ages are received at $3,50 per month without board is considered unjust." (19 March 1868) Abbott continued to run Dan River after Ruffin's death on 15 Jan. 1870.

Following Ruffin's death, the letters from 1870 to 1874 were primarily written to Anne K. Ruffin. There are many letters of sympathy, as well as a few letters from her husband's financial advisors. One of the most interesting letters in this group is one written to Anne Ruffin from a former slave. Chaney Caldwell wrote to "her old mistress" on 31 Jan. 1873 telling her about the death of November Caldwell. "The people of Chapel Hill were kind and attentive to him and he appeared to enjoy seeing the Methodist preacher ... . He found a hope in Christ two months before his death."

After the death of Anne K. Ruffin on 28 Oct. 1875, the remainder of this subseries has letters from the Ruffin's children. William Ruffin and Sallie Ruffin Gwynn wrote to each other frequently; but Anne Ruffin Cameron, Catherine Ruffin Roulhac, and Thomas Ruffin, Jr. also wrote to each other.

Folder 469

January-March 1866 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 469

Folder 470

April-June 1866 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 470

Folder 471

July-August 1866 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 471

Folder 472

September-October 1866 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 472

Folder 473

November-December 1866 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 473

Folder 474

January-March 1867 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 474

Folder 475

April-June 1867 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 475

Folder 476

July-August 1867 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 476

Folder 477

September-December 1867 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 477

Folder 478

January-March 1868 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 478

Folder 479

April-June 1868 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 479

Folder 480

July-September 1868 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 480

Folder 481

October-December 1868 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 481

Folder 482

January-June 1869 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 482

Folder 483

July-October 1869 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 483

Folder 484

November-December 1869 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 484

Folder 485

January-February 1870 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 485

Folder 486

March-December 1870 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 486

Folder 487

1871-1872 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 487

Folder 488

1873-1878 #00641, Subseries: "1.7. 1866-1878." Folder 488

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852.

About 600 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Letters to the justices of the North Carolina Supreme Court introducing and recommending lawyers applying for licenses to practice in North Carolina courts.

Folder 489

1831-1837 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 489

Folder 490

1841 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 490

Folder 491

May-June, December 1842 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 491

Folder 492

June-December 1843 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 492

Folder 493

January-November 1844 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 493

Folder 494

December 1844 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 494

Folder 495

May-June 1845 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 495

Folder 496

October-December 1845 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 496

Folder 497

January-May 1846 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 497

Folder 498

June 1846 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 498

Folder 499

November-December 1846 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 499

Folder 500

January-June 1847 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 500

Folder 501

July-August 1847 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 501

Folder 502

December 1847 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 502

Folder 503

1848 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 503

Folder 504

January, June 1849 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 504

Folder 505

July-August 1849 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 505

Folder 506

November-December 1849 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 506

Folder 507

May-August 1850 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 507

Folder 508

November-December 1850 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 508

Folder 509

January, May-June 1851 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 509

Folder 510

July-August 1851 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 510

Folder 511

November-December 1851 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 511

Folder 512

1852 #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 512

Folder 513

Undated #00641, Subseries: "1.8. Recommendation Letters, 1828-1852." Folder 513

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.9. Undated Correspondence.

About 600 items.

Arrangement: chiefly alphabetical.

Folder 514

Undated family letters (Thomas Ruffin, Anna Kirkland Ruffin) #00641, Subseries: "1.9. Undated Correspondence." Folder 514

Folder 515

Undated family letters (Martha "Patty" Ruffin) #00641, Subseries: "1.9. Undated Correspondence." Folder 515

Folder 516-518

Folder 516

Folder 517

Folder 518

Undated family letters (Anne Ruffin Cameron) #00641, Subseries: "1.9. Undated Correspondence." Folder 516-518

Folder 519

Undated family letters #00641, Subseries: "1.9. Undated Correspondence." Folder 519

Folder 520

Undated family letters #00641, Subseries: "1.9. Undated Correspondence." Folder 520

Folder 521

Undated family letters #00641, Subseries: "1.9. Undated Correspondence." Folder 521

Folder 522

Undated Letters, A-B #00641, Subseries: "1.9. Undated Correspondence." Folder 522

Folder 523

Undated Letters, C-F #00641, Subseries: "1.9. Undated Correspondence." Folder 523

Folder 524

Undated Letters, G-H #00641, Subseries: "1.9. Undated Correspondence." Folder 524

Folder 525

Undated Letters, J-L #00641, Subseries: "1.9. Undated Correspondence." Folder 525

Folder 526

Undated Letters, M #00641, Subseries: "1.9. Undated Correspondence." Folder 526

Folder 527

Undated Letters, N-R #00641, Subseries: "1.9. Undated Correspondence." Folder 527

Folder 528

Undated Letters, S #00641, Subseries: "1.9. Undated Correspondence." Folder 528

Folder 529

Undated Letters, T-W and unidentified #00641, Subseries: "1.9. Undated Correspondence." Folder 529

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Financial and Legal Material, 1753-1898.

About 5,000 items.

Arrangement: by type.

Loose and bound financial records, Supreme Court decisions, trial paperwork, and other related material for Thomas Ruffin, his father, Sterling Ruffin, Anne K. Ruffin, and other members of the Ruffin family. The bulk of this series is loose financial documents consisting of receipts, deeds, indentures, account statements, bills, and similar items.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated.

About 4,000 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Indentures, receipts, account statements, bonds, and other related material of Thomas Ruffin, Sterling Ruffin, and other Ruffin family members. The bulk of the material before 1809 deals with Sterling Ruffin's land purchases and business transactions in both North Carolina and Virginia. After his admittance to the bar, Thomas Ruffin began to help his father with the family businesses; eventually succeeding him on his death. The Ruffins ran a mill, a store, a tan-yard, as well as two plantations. They served as money-lenders, witnesses, executors, and employers for people in Orange, Rockingham, Alamance counties in North Carolina for most of the antebellum period. From 1870 to 1875, the subseries contains receipts for purchases made by Anne K. Ruffin for household items. The remainder of the subseries contains receipts and accounts for the estates of Thomas Ruffin and Anne K. Ruffin.

Folder 530

1753-1784 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 530

Folder 531

1785-1789 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 531

Folder 532

1790-1797 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 532

Folder 533

1798-1799 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 533

Folder 534

1800-1802 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 534

Folder 535

1803 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 535

Folder 536

January-June 1804 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 536

Folder 537

July-December 1804 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 537

Folder 538

January-March 1805 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 538

Folder 539

April-August 1805 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 539

Folder 540

September-December 1805 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 540

Folder 541

January-July 1806 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 541

Folder 542

August-December 1806 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 542

Folder 543

January-May 1807 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 543

Folder 544

June-December 1807 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 544

Folder 545

January-April 1808 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 545

Folder 546

May-December 1808 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 546

Folder 547

January-June 1809 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 547

Folder 548

July-December 1809 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 548

Folder 549

January-March 1810 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 549

Folder 550

April-July 1810 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 550

Folder 551

August-December 1810 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 551

Folder 552

January-June 1811 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 552

Folder 553

July-October 1811 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 553

Folder 554

November-December 1811 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 554

Folder 555

January-April 1812 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 555

Folder 556

May-August 1812 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 556

Folder 557

September-December 1812 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 557

Folder 558

January-February 1813 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 558

Folder 559

March-April 1813 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 559

Folder 560

May-June 1813 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 560

Folder 561

July 1813 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 561

Folder 562

August-December and undated 1813 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 562

Folder 563

January-February 1814 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 563

Folder 564

March-April 1814 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 564

Folder 565

May-June 1814 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 565

Folder 566

July-August 1814 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 566

Folder 567

September 1814 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 567

Folder 568

October 1814 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 568

Folder 569

November-December 1814 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 569

Folder 570

January-February 1815 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 570

Folder 571

March-May 1815 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 571

Folder 572

June-August 1815 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 572

Folder 573

September 1815 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 573

Folder 574

October-November 1815 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 574

Folder 575

December 1815 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 575

Folder 576

January-March 1816 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 576

Folder 577

April-October 1816 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 577

Folder 578

November-December 1816 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 578

Folder 579

January-May 1817 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 579

Folder 580

June-December 1817 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 580

Folder 581

January-April 1818 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 581

Folder 582

May-July 1818 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 582

Folder 583

August-December 1818 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 583

Folder 584

January-February 1819 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 584

Folder 585

March 1819 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 585

Folder 586

April 1819 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 586

Folder 587

May 1819 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 587

Folder 588

June-July 1819 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 588

Folder 589

August 1819 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 589

Folder 590

September 1819 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 590

Folder 591

October 1819 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 591

Folder 592

November 1819 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 592

Folder 593

December 1819 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 593

Folder 594

January-February 1820 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 594

Folder 595

March-April 1820 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 595

Folder 596

May-June 1820 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 596

Folder 597

July 1820 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 597

Folder 598

August-September 1820 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 598

Folder 599

October 1820 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 599

Folder 600

November 1820 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 600

Folder 601

December 1820 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 601

Folder 602

January-February 1821 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 602

Folder 603

March 1821 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 603

Folder 604

April 1821 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 604

Folder 605

May 1821 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 605

Folder 606

June 1821 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 606

Folder 607

July 1821 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 607

Folder 608

August 1821 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 608

Folder 609

September 1821 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 609

Folder 610

October 1821 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 610

Folder 611

November 1821 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 611

Folder 612

December 1821 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 612

Folder 613

January 1822 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 613

Folder 614

February 1822 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 614

Folder 615

March 1822 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 615

Folder 616

April-May 1822 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 616

Folder 617

June 1822 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 617

Folder 618

July 1822 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 618

Folder 619

August 1822 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 619

Folder 620

September 1822 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 620

Folder 621

October 1822 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 621

Folder 622

November 1822 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 622

Folder 623

December 1822 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 623

Folder 624

January 1823 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 624

Folder 625

February 1823 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 625

Folder 626

March 1823 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 626

Folder 627

April 1823 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 627

Folder 628

May 1823 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 628

Folder 629

June-July 1823 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 629

Folder 630

August 1823 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 630

Folder 631

September-October 1823 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 631

Folder 632

November-December 1823 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 632

Folder 633

January 1824 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 633

Folder 634

February 1824 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 634

Folder 635

March 1824 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 635

Folder 636

April-May 1824 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 636

Folder 637

June-July 1824 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 637

Folder 638

August 1824 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 638

Folder 639

September-October 1824 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 639

Folder 640

November 1824 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 640

Folder 641

December 1824 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 641

Folder 642

January-February 1825 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 642

Folder 643

March 1825 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 643

Folder 644

April-May 1825 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 644

Folder 645

June 1825 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 645

Folder 646

July-August 1825 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 646

Folder 647

September-November 1825 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 647

Folder 648

December 1825 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 648

Folder 649

January-April 1826 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 649

Folder 650

May-July 1826 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 650

Folder 651

August-December 1826 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 651

Folder 652

January-June 1827 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 652

Folder 653

July-August 1827 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 653

Folder 654

September-December 1827 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 654

Folder 655

January-June 1828 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 655

Folder 656

July-October 1828 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 656

Folder 657

November-December 1828 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 657

Folder 658

January-February 1829 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 658

Folder 659

March 1829 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 659

Folder 660

April-May 1829 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 660

Folder 661

June-August 1829 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 661

Folder 662

September-December 1829 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 662

Folder 663

Checks, 1829 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 663

Folder 664

1830 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 664

Folder 665

1831 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 665

Folder 666

1832 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 666

Folder 667

1833 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 667

Folder 668

1834-1835 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 668

Folder 669

1836-1838 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 669

Folder 670

1839-1841 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 670

Folder 671

1842-1846 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 671

Folder 672

1847-1849 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 672

Folder 673

1850-1853 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 673

Folder 674

1854-1855 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 674

Folder 675

1856-1857 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 675

Folder 676

1858 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 676

Folder 677

1859 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 677

Folder 678

1860 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 678

Folder 679

1861 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 679

Folder 680

1862-1863 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 680

Folder 681

1864-1869 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 681

Folder 682

1870-1871 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 682

Folder 683

1872 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 683

Folder 684

1873-1875 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 684

Folder 685

1876-1878 #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 685

Folder 686

1880s #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 686

Folder 687

1890s #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 687

Folder 688-692

Folder 688

Folder 689

Folder 690

Folder 691

Folder 692

Undated #00641, Subseries: "2.1. Loose Financial and Legal Papers, 1753-1898 and undated." Folder 688-692

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.2. Ruffin and Ellis Tan-Yard Records, 1814-1818.

About 100 items.

Arrangement: roughly chronological.

Accounts of the Ruffin and Ellis Tan-Yard. The tan-yard was owned by Ira Ellis and Thomas Ruffin in Rockingham County. There is also a bound volume of accounts for this same tan-yard in the bound financial and legal records (Series 2.4.).

Folder 693-694

Folder 693

Folder 694

1814-1818 #00641, Subseries: "2.2. Ruffin and Ellis Tan-Yard Records, 1814-1818." Folder 693-694

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.3. Legal Cases, 1819-1844 and undated.

About 800 items.

Arrangement: roughly chronological.

Supreme Court case decisions, trial paper work, and other related material primarily from Thomas Ruffin's years as a North Carolina Supreme Court justice. As a member of the state's highest court, Ruffin made deliberations on cases as diverse as alimony fraud to whether or not shuffleboard was a game of chance. This subseries contains many handwritten decisions on Supreme Court cases. In addition there is trial paperwork for three trials: the Mendenhall and Hubbard Patent case, Arrington v. Battle, and State v. Rives. The first case involved a dispute over the rightful inventor of grist mill improvements. The second was a debt case. The last case was concerned with the right of property and the right of way on real estate purchased at a sheriff's sale.

Folder 695

Supreme Court Briefs, December Term 1819 #00641, Subseries: "2.3. Legal Cases, 1819-1844 and undated." Folder 695

Folder 696-699

Folder 696

Folder 697

Folder 698

Folder 699

Mendenhall Patent Case, 1827-1830 #00641, Subseries: "2.3. Legal Cases, 1819-1844 and undated." Folder 696-699

Folder 700-703

Folder 700

Folder 701

Folder 702

Folder 703

Arrington v. Battle, 1832 #00641, Subseries: "2.3. Legal Cases, 1819-1844 and undated." Folder 700-703

Folder 704

State v. Rives, 1844 #00641, Subseries: "2.3. Legal Cases, 1819-1844 and undated." Folder 704

Folder 705

Undated Miscellaneous Legal Papers #00641, Subseries: "2.3. Legal Cases, 1819-1844 and undated." Folder 705

Folder 706-714

Folder 706

Folder 707

Folder 708

Folder 709

Folder 710

Folder 711

Folder 712

Folder 713

Folder 714

Undated Supreme Court Cases #00641, Subseries: "2.3. Legal Cases, 1819-1844 and undated." Folder 706-714

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated.

47 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Account books, bank books, circuit court dockets, receipt books, and other related material for Thomas Ruffin and his father, Sterling Ruffin, and other Ruffin family members. The first four volumes record the business activities of Sterling Ruffin. These include plantation accounts, slave lists, horse breeding information, bonds, and other related items, primarily from Sterling Ruffin's plantation in Rockingham County, N.C.

Volumes 5-45 and volume 47 contain records concerning Thomas Ruffin's business and legal affairs. These include court dockets, legal fee books, mill accounts for Ruffin's mill, various drygoods stores' accounts, and other related material. Throughout his life, Ruffin formed many business partnerships. One with Benjamin Chambers allowed him to invest in the slave trade. Two other business alliances were with Paul Kinnion and J. H. Bland.

Ruffin's children also contributed material to this subseries. Volume 46 has estate accounts for Thomas Ruffin's daughter Martha Ruffin and his wife, Anne Kirkland Ruffin. Peter Browne Ruffin, Thomas's son, acted as an agent for his mother's estate and served as executor for his sister Martha's estate.

Folder 715

Volume 1, 1794-1797 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 715

Rockingham County, N.C., accounts for tavern, iron, corduroy, shoeing horses, honey, buttons, and shoes. Formerly Volume 1b. 132 p.

Folder 716

Volume 2, 1785-1804 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 716

Accounts for cash, supplies, and bonds. Formerly Volume 1a. 38 p.

Folder 717

Volume 3, 1799-1814 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 717

Accounts, lists of slaves, stud records for horses. Formerly Volume 2.

Folder 718

Volume 4, 1765-1820 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 718

Accounts with people in various counties in Virginia for rents, corn, wheat, annuities, legacies, slaves, labor, clothes, and cash. An index is included. Formerly Volume 1c. 139 p.

Folder 719

Volume 5, 1805-1814 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 719

Cash accounts and personal memoranda, including Thomas Ruffin's move to Hillsborough, his feelings about his proposal of marriage to Anne Kirkland, a list of the kings of England, notes on agriculture, and maxims on various subjects. Formerly Volume 6.

Folder 720

Volume 6, 1807-1814 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 720

Day book with index. Included are accounts for household expenses, cash, and court accounts. Formerly Volume 7.

Folder 721

Volume 7, Day Book, 1810-1814 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 721

Accounts for Caswell County, N.C., courts. Formerly Volume 8.

Folder 722

Volume 8, Day Book, 1810-1814 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 722

Accounts for Guilford County, N.C., courts. Formerly Volume 9.

Folder 723

Volume 9, Day Book, 1810-1814 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 723

Accounts for Orange County, N.C., courts. Formerly Volume 10.

Folder 724

Volume 10, Day Book, 1810-1814 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 724

Accounts for Stokes County, N.C., courts and bill of sale for Jane, 31 December 1820. Formerly Volume 11.

Folder 725

Volume 11, 1814-1815 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 725

Account book with index. Formerly Volume 29. 33 p.

Folder 726

Volume 12, Bank Book, 1815 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 726

State Bank of North Carolina. Formerly Volume 30. 3 p.

Folder 727

Volume 13, 1814-1816 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 727

Daybook of Kinnion and Ruffin. Formerly Volume 28. 23 p.

Folder 728

Volume 14, 1812-1818 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 728

Account book for the tan-yard of Ira Ellis and Thomas Ruffin. Formerly Volume 11B. 59 p.

Folder 729

Folder number not used #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 729

Oversize Volume SV-641/15-16

SV-641/15

SV-641/16

Volumes 15 and 16, 1811-1822 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." SV-641/15-16

Two journals for Thomas Scott & Co. in Orange County, N.C., for merchandising and sundries. Volume 15 has 196 p. and Volume 16 has 398 p. Formerly Volumes 11A. 31 p.

Folder 730

Volume 17, 1819-1822 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 730

Account book of flour sold by James Jones out of Thomas Ruffin's mill. Formerly Volume 32.

Folder 731

Volume 18, 1822-1823 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 731

Account book of flour sold by James Jones out of Thomas Ruffin's mill. Formerly Volume 33.

Folder 732

Volume 19, 1825-1826, 1829 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 732

Account book for Thomas Ruffin's slave trading partnership with Benjamin Chambers. Contains various accounts owed Thomas Ruffin and list of slaves sold to Alabama. Formerly Volume 34.

Folder 733

Volume 20, Ledger, 1814-1831 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 733

Account book containing legal, household, and other accounts. Formerly Volume 27. 172 p.

Folder 734

Volume 21, May 1814-March 1815 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 734

Small, leather-bound day books containing accounts for receipts and expenditures for court fees, household expenses, stocks and interest, travel expenses, and other accounts. Formerly Volume 12.

Folder 735

Volume 22, March-December 1815 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 735

Small, leather-bound day books containing accounts for receipts and expenditures for court fees, household expenses, stocks and interest, travel expenses, and other accounts. Formerly Volume 13.

Folder 736

Volume 23, January-August 1816 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 736

Small, leather-bound day books containing accounts for receipts and expenditures for court fees, household expenses, stocks and interest, travel expenses, and other accounts. Formerly Volume 14.

Folder 737

Volume 24, 1816-1817 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 737

Small, leather-bound day books containing accounts for receipts and expenditures for court fees, household expenses, stocks and interest, travel expenses, and other accounts. Formerly Volume 15.

Folder 738

Volume 25, February 1818-December 1819 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 738

Small, leather-bound day books containing accounts for receipts and expenditures for court fees, household expenses, stocks and interest, travel expenses, and other accounts. Formerly Volume 16.

Folder 739

Volume 26, January-November 1820 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 739

Small, leather-bound day books containing accounts for receipts and expenditures for court fees, household expenses, stocks and interest, travel expenses, and other accounts. Formerly Volume 17.

Folder 740

Volume 27, November 1820-October 1821 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 740

Small, leather-bound day books containing accounts for receipts and expenditures for court fees, household expenses, stocks and interest, travel expenses, and other accounts. Formerly Volume 18.

Folder 741

Volume 28, 1821-1822 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 741

Small, leather-bound day books containing accounts for receipts and expenditures for court fees, household expenses, stocks and interest, travel expenses, and other accounts. Formerly Volume 19.

Folder 742

Volume 29, August 1822-April 1823 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 742

Small, leather-bound day books containing accounts for receipts and expenditures for court fees, household expenses, stocks and interest, travel expenses, and other accounts. Formerly Volume 20.

Folder 743

Volume 30, April 1823-January 1824 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 743

Small, leather-bound day books containing accounts for receipts and expenditures for court fees, household expenses, stocks and interest, travel expenses, and other accounts. Formerly Volume 21.

Folder 744

Volume 31, February-November 1824 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 744

Small, leather-bound day books containing accounts for receipts and expenditures for court fees, household expenses, stocks and interest, travel expenses, and other accounts. Formerly Volume 22.

Folder 745

Volume 32, December 1824-March 1825 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 745

Small, leather-bound day books containing accounts for receipts and expenditures for court fees, household expenses, stocks and interest, travel expenses, and other accounts. Formerly Volume 23.

Folder 746

Volume 33, 30 March 1825-July 1826 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 746

Small, leather-bound day books containing accounts for receipts and expenditures for court fees, household expenses, stocks and interest, travel expenses, and other accounts. Formerly Volume 24.

Folder 747

Volume 34, August 1826-October 1828 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 747

Small, leather-bound day books containing accounts for receipts and expenditures for court fees, household expenses, stocks and interest, travel expenses, and other accounts. Also includes some Haw River Mills items. Formerly Volume 25.

Folder 748

Volume 35, December 1828-May 1831 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 748

Small, leather-bound day books containing accounts for receipts and expenditures for court fees, household expenses, stocks and interest, travel expenses, and other accounts. Formerly Volume 26.

Folder 749

Volume 36, 1830-1832 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 749

Journal of Henry Stith & Co., Haw River, N.C. Formerly Volume 34A. 258 p.

Folder 750

Volume 37, 1835-1836 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 750

Account and memorandum book of A. F. Brackin & Co., Haw River, N.C. Formerly Volume 35. 100 p.

Folder 751

Volume 38, 1836-1838 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 751

Account and memorandum book of A. F. Brackin & Co., Haw River, N.C. Formerly Volume 36. 100 p.

Folder 752

Folder number not used #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 752

Oversize Volume SV-641/39

Volume 39, 1839 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." SV-641/39

Inventory and estate sale book of William Kirkland. Formerly Volume 37. 30 p.

Folder 753

Volume 40, August 1847 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 753

Circuit Equity Court Dockets for Chief Justice Thomas Ruffin. Formerly Volume 38.

Folder 754

Volume 41, June 1849 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 754

Circuit Equity Court Dockets for Chief Justice Thomas Ruffin. Formerly Volume 39.

Folder 755

Volume 42, December 1849 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 755

Circuit Equity Court Dockets for Chief Justice Thomas Ruffin. Formerly Volume 40.

Folder 756

Volume 43, June 1850 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 756

Circuit Equity Court Dockets for Chief Justice Thomas Ruffin. Formerly Volume 41.

Folder 757

Volume 44, 1853 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 757

Statement of shipping costs of papers from Strudwick & Co, Mobile, Ala. to North Carolina. These papers were in the care J. H. Ruffin. Formerly Volume 42.

Folder 758

Volume 45, 1864-1865 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 758

Bank book for Thomas Ruffin with Hillsborough Savings Institution. Formerly Volume 43.

Folder 759

Volume 46, 1889-1898 #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 759

Notebook containing account of P. B. Ruffin as agent of Patty (Martha) P. Ruffin, executor for the estate of Annie M. Ruffin. Also contains P. B. Ruffin's executor accounts for the estate of Martha P. Ruffin. Formerly Volume 44.

Folder 760

Volume 47, undated #00641, Subseries: "2.4. Financial and Legal Volumes, 1765-1893 and undated." Folder 760

Legal notebook with various cases abstracted and their precedents and related cases cited. Formerly Volume 5.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s.

About 400 items.

Arrangement: by subject.

Printed advertisements, newspaper clippings, reprints of political speeches, railroad schedules, school notebooks, invitations, and other related material. This subseries primarily contains material collected by Thomas Ruffin. They reflect his interest not only in agriculture, but also in politics. As a member of the Peace Convention of 1861, Ruffin kept copies of the proposed resolutions and amendments debated in Congress to circumvent the Civil War. These documents also include an 1862 report on subsistence in the Confederate states. The report chronicled the problems obtaining bread and meat for the Confederate Army. Among the difficulties cited were: underreporting of stock levels, poor transportation, and occupation of key states such as Tennessee by Union forces. The report was very critical of farmers who sold their stock on the black market and of citizens who did not think of the needs of the army before their own: "this bureau has therefore to report as its conviction that for the coming twelve months, there will not be enough meat in the country for the people and armies of the Confederate states; and as the people can, for the reasons above stated obtain what there is more readily and insist upon having it without any regard to the wants of our soldiers, it is presumed they must bear the brunt of hunger as well as of arms."

Although Ruffin was an Episcopalian, this series contains some of the records for his father, Sterling's, church, Cormel Methodist Church. Other items in this series include notebooks (Volumes 48, 49) kept by Thomas Ruffin while at Princeton, an undated school notebook (Volume 50) with James S. Ruffin's name in the front, a collection of writings, and a few items about the University of North Carolina, among them, a plea by the Board of Trustees for more money.

Folder 761

Advertisements #00641, Series: "3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s." Folder 761

Folder 762

Civil War #00641, Series: "3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s." Folder 762

Folder 763

Clippings #00641, Series: "3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s." Folder 763

Folder 764

Cormel Methodist Church Records, 1808-1817 #00641, Series: "3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s." Folder 764

Folder 765

Education, Volume 48 #00641, Series: "3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s." Folder 765

Thomas C. Ruffin, Nassau Hall, Princeton, N.J. Accounts and memoranda, 1804. Formerly Volume 3.

Folder 766

Education, Volume 49 #00641, Series: "3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s." Folder 766

Thomas Ruffin, Princeton, N.J. Diary and notes, 1805. Formerly Volume 4.

Folder 767

Education, Volume 50 #00641, Series: "3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s." Folder 767

James S. Ruffin, mathematics notebook, no date. Formerly Volume 45.

Folder 768

Education #00641, Series: "3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s." Folder 768

Folder 769

Genealogical Information #00641, Series: "3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s." Folder 769

Folder 770

Invitations and Business Cards #00641, Series: "3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s." Folder 770

Folder 771

Miscellaneous #00641, Series: "3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s." Folder 771

Folder 772

North Carolina Agricultural Society #00641, Series: "3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s." Folder 772

Folder 773

Politics #00641, Series: "3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s." Folder 773

Folder 774

Prescriptions and Recipes #00641, Series: "3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s." Folder 774

Folder 775

Railroad Rates and Schedules #00641, Series: "3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s." Folder 775

Folder 776

University of North Carolina #00641, Series: "3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s." Folder 776

Folder 777

Writings #00641, Series: "3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s." Folder 777

Extra Oversize Paper Folder XOPF-641/1

Miscellaneous advertisements, maps, and other oversize papers #00641, Series: "3. Subject Files, 1804-1860s." XOPF-641/1

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Pictures.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Items Separated

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Processing Information

Processed by: Carolyn Hamby and Linda Sellars with the assistance of Culley Holderfield, Abigail Peoples, and Alicia Reeves, 1994

Encoded by: Bari Helms, March 2005

Updated because of addition by Margaret Dickson, July 2007

Updated for digitization by Kathryn Michaelis, June 2010

This collection was processed with support, in part, from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Division of Preservation and Access.

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